Unit 5: Secondary and Tertiary Industries World Geography 3200/02.

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  • Slide 1
  • Unit 5: Secondary and Tertiary Industries World Geography 3200/02
  • Slide 2
  • 2.Secondary sector involves turning a raw material or resource into a finished product for people to buy. Also called the manufacturing or processing sector. 2.Secondary sector involves turning a raw material or resource into a finished product for people to buy. Also called the manufacturing or processing sector. 3.Tertiary sector The focus is on the sale and use of economic goods and providing services to people. Often referred to as the service industry. 3.Tertiary sector The focus is on the sale and use of economic goods and providing services to people. Often referred to as the service industry. 4.Quaternary industry This sector focuses on intellectual services: Research, development and information Information services (accounting, banking) 4.Quaternary industry This sector focuses on intellectual services: Research, development and information Information services (accounting, banking) Background: Four Sectors of Economy 1.Primary sector involves the collection / extracting of raw materials / resources from the earth through farming, fishing, mining, and forestry. 1.Primary sector involves the collection / extracting of raw materials / resources from the earth through farming, fishing, mining, and forestry.
  • Slide 3
  • Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, or Quaternary Write down in your notes if each of the following pictures is primary, secondary, tertiary, or quaternary. The person with the most correct gets a prize!!!
  • Slide 4
  • Inputs: Materials and other factors that are entered into a manufacturing system Inputs: Materials and other factors that are entered into a manufacturing system They can be classified as human and natural: Human Labour Machines Capital Natural Wood Metals Water Identify natural and human inputs in a manufacturing operation.
  • Slide 5
  • How Socks Are Made The processes in a manufacturing operation include all human activities that transform a resource into a finished product The processes in a manufacturing operation include all human activities that transform a resource into a finished product Manufacturing process usually employ tools or machines to help in the transformation Manufacturing process usually employ tools or machines to help in the transformation Manufacturing is about adding value, the processes in the manufacturing operation must add value to the resource Manufacturing is about adding value, the processes in the manufacturing operation must add value to the resource A Systems Analysis of the processes in manufacturing.
  • Slide 6
  • Process: Any action that alters the inputs of a system into some other usable form. In manufacturing there are three types of processes: 1. Conditioning 2. Analytical 3. Synthesis Three processes that may be used to change a raw material into a useable form.
  • Slide 7
  • 1. Conditioning: minimal change to a resource. Ex: logs into lumber or fish into fillets. 1. Conditioning: minimal change to a resource. Ex: logs into lumber or fish into fillets. How to make a 2x4 Video: Continued.
  • Slide 8
  • 2. Analytical: resource converted to a number of different products. 2. Analytical: resource converted to a number of different products. 5.1.3 continued.
  • Slide 9
  • 3. Synthetic: several resources are COMBINED to make one product. Ex: light bulb has glass, tungsten, nitrogen & aluminum. Motor vehicles. 3. Synthetic: several resources are COMBINED to make one product. Ex: light bulb has glass, tungsten, nitrogen & aluminum. Motor vehicles. Video: continued. How to make hot dogs
  • Slide 10
  • Outputs: The end product of the manufacturing process The key is that the finished product must have greater value than the sum of its parts The key is that the finished product must have greater value than the sum of its parts Ending the System

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