Unit 8 Day Dream a LittlePart Background InformationPart Warm-up QuestionsPart Comprehension QuestionsPart Language PointsPart Group DiscussionPart Assignment(exercices
Part Background Information1About the author
This text is taken from Reading Labouratory Power Builder written by Eugene Raudsepp.
About the text
We often hear parents scold their children for daydreaming. And we often hear teachers ask the question John,.are you daydreaming?with imp1ied criticism. People usually take a hostile attitude towards daydreaming because they think daydreaming is a waste of time and can be an escape from real life. Well, daydreaming can be a waste . But daydreaming can also do us a lot of good.In the text of Unit 8, the author te1ls us some of the conclusions researchers have reached about daydreaming, conclusions that may be very surprising to most of us.
Part Warm-up Questions
1.Do you ever daydreaming?If so,what do you daydreaming about?
2.Are daydreams a waste of time?
3.Can daydreaming ever lead to fame and fortune?
Part Comprehension QuestionsThe following questions are designed to check how well the students are prepared for this lessons
1) How was daydreaming generally looked upon until recently?
2) What advantage is there in daydreaming and night dreaming?
3) What conc1usions has Dr. Joan T. Freyberg drawn from her experiments?
4) What is probab1y the most remarkab1e thing about daydreaming?
5) In what ways were Henry J. Kaiser F1orence Nightinga1e and Thomas Edison a1ike?
6) How did John Uelses use daydreaming techniques before each meet?
7) How can one use purposeRll daydreaming to shape one,s $l*ure?
8) What difference can daydreaming make if combined with hard work?
Part Language Points1. Youll never amount to anything if Youll never become successful (or make any achievement) in life if ...amount to: develop intoExample: If you go on like this ,youll never amount to anything.
2. hostile: unfriendly; showing a great amount of dislikeExamples:Dont be hostile to new ideas and changes.You can't blame your son for being so hostile towords you after the way you treated him.
3. attitude: way of thinking or behavingExamples:His new secretory shows a very positive attitude to her work.What is your attitude to these social experiments?
4. an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties: an escape from real life and its duties which was harmfu1 to a persons character or moral hea1th
5. vision: sth. seen in the minds eye; the power of imaginationExamples:I have a vision of a world that is free of exploitation ond injustice.He didnt have the vision required for a senior politicianExamples:Why not call Jane and ask her to come have dinner with us?Why not borrow the book from the library, instead of buying it?
6. Why not try?: Why dont you have a try?Or: You may have a try.Why not ...?is a very useful colloquial expression to introduce a suggestion.
7. recommend: advise or suggest; speak favorably ofExamples:Your blood pressure is a little too high. I would recommend limiting the amount of fat and salt in your diet.Our English teccher recommended us to buy on English-English dictionory.
8. go about: start working on, doExamples:Its an easy job if you go about it the right way.To lenrn English well is no easy matter. We must go about it earnestly.
9. soar: rise or fly high in the air; increase quickly to a high levelExamples:The rocket soared into orbit.The temperature soared to 90 degrees yesterday.
10. project: cause an image of (sth. ) to be produced (on a surface)Examples:A projector is a mochine that projects films or slides onto a screen or wall .They projected their holiday pictures onto a screen so that their friends could see them at the same time.
11. goal: what one wants to do or succeed in; purpose; aimExamp1es:Their goal was to land a man on the moon and they made it.
12. supposedly: presumably; probablyExamples:This oil painting is supposedly worth more than ten thousond pounds.There is a supposedly simple explanation for what happened?
13. substitute: a person or thing acting in place of anotherExamples:Guesswork is no substitute for investigation.There is no substitute for practical experience.
14.achievement: the act or fact of achieving; the thing achievedExamplos:It is only the achievement of these goals that will finally bring lasting peace.A mans achievements depend not only on his opportunities but also on the way that he uses his opportunities
15. be after: be in pursuit of, seek, try to obtainExamples:I know what youre after: a comfortable and well-paid job .but I must warn you thatit will be of waste of your talent.Many young men are after Mary because she is clever as well as pretty.
16. neglect: give too little care or attention toExamples:The house has been neglected and it is in a terrible condition.
Part Group Discussion1) Why do people take a hostile attitude towards daydreaming?(Because they think that daydreaming is a waste of time, an escape from real life and Its duties. )2) What happens if a person is not allowed to dream in his sleep?(He.becomes tense and anxious. He becomes irritable. He has trouble concentrating and his mental health is temporarily damaged. In short, he cannot get the benefits of rest. )
3) What are the benefits of daydreaming according to researchers?(Its a good means of relaxation and important to mental health;It contributes to intellectual growth;It improves concentration, attention span and the ability to get aIong with others;It leads children to pay more attention to detail:It seems to produce improved se1f-control and creative abilities;Its usefu1 in shaping our future lives as we want them to be)4) What is the procedure of creative daydreaming?
1. When Grandma turned 85, her eyes began to D .Abreak Blose Cdefeat DFail
2. The people who lived near the river had to C the flooding waters.escape C. flee Brun DStruggle
3. I am busy at the moment.You can put the book C you like.A.whichever B. whenever C. wherever D. whatever
4. I wonder if there is anything A for you.A. I can do B. which I can do C. that can I do D. which can I do
5. Don't be too nervous. Dr. Smith wi11 A your health,A. look after B. worry about C. check on D. make sure
6. A warm welcome A all our customers on their arrival.awaits B. waits C. awaits for D. waits on
7.This research result will not stand if we do not C there is no force of friction.assist B. assign C. assume D. assert
8. This new country didnt come into D until the year 1918.exhibition B. exception C. exchange D. existence
9. We may B a lot of opposition to the work scheme.come up against B. come up with C. live up to D. get away with
10. She is the person who can be A whenever needed.A. depended on B. deposited on C. focused on D. landed on