UNRAVEL Understanding vulnerable and resilient livelihoods Gina Ziervogel

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  • UNRAVEL Understanding vulnerable and resilient livelihoods

    Gina Ziervogel

  • Multiple stressors and their impact on rural livelihoodsHouseholds at risk to multiple threats Climate variabilityHealthMarket fluctuationsFood insecurity

    Cumulative effect of shocks and stresses through time

    Response to shocks and stressesFocus on HIV/AIDS by assessing households with chronically ill Impact on food security

  • Understand existing household response to stressNature of response through time, different members, external/internalAdaptive/maladaptive strategiesAt household levelAt community levelFurther support/intervention

  • Case study evidenceVhembe District, Limpopo, northern South AfricaNorthern south AfricaFormer homeland areaGood commercial crops but little support for marginal groups particularly with regards to food securityChikwawa District, southern Malawi Southern regionPoor districtRelatively high level of external support, with a number of food security-related projectsDiocese of Monze, southern ZambiaSouthern regionLivestock, crop mix

  • ObjectivesIdentify and document the everyday threats as well as other sudden onset and creeping threats faced Full agricultural cycle (12 months) 3 comparative settings

    Identify and document the livelihood responses of individuals and households to such risks and the consequences of this action

    Identify those livelihood strategies associated with greater household resilience to AIDS impacts, and those which increase vulnerability to AIDS losses.

  • Objectives.. contIdentify community and institutional mechanisms that either undermine or augment at-risk livelihood assets, capabilities and activities

    Feed-back the knowledge generated by the research to better sensitise ongoing home-based care and food security or other livelihood enhancement programmes in the participating communities

    Support the dissemination of knowledge gained from the research into policy and practice through Partner networks Country and regional networksIncorporate into academic programmes on disaster risk reduction and HIV/AIDS

  • MethodologyPilot methodologyOne village in each country Baseline studyOn-going monitoring every 2 months x 5Final baseline comparison20 households10 with members who are chronically ill or have recently died from a chronic illness 10 that appear not to be directly impacted by HIV/AIDS in the sense that there are no chronically sick members and no-one has recently died

  • Community participationIdentification of householdsVillage structures civil society groups and traditional authoritiesHome-based care groupsAgricultural extension officers

    On-going monitoringResearcherVillage-based support PLWA (SA), Extension, HBC (Malawi) Initial suspicion from community membersTruthful answers as trust increases through on-going interaction

  • Challenges with local partnershipsSouth Africa University of VendaEthical clearanceSupport from all levels community, NGOs(little interaction with international partners)Malawi Cadecom + MHENResearch experience lacking (data collection, analysis)Project managementZambiaFirst researcher died from chronic illnessNo interaction between research and advocacy partnersAcademic analysis experience lacking

  • Preliminary findingsSARole of grants. Eg. Disability grant has helped sick people recover and maintain or adapt their livelihoodsStress of burial societyLess agriculture than 5 years ago food not locally producedMalawiCultural and traditional practices Not acknowledging sick members; cultural practices that increase infectionSurvival strategies threaten hh sustainability migrant labourVolunteering for HBC can make households more vulnerableZambia Reliance of petty commerce compared to piecework in other 2 sites

  • ConclusionFindings intend toIllustrate the ability of community and district institutions to support responsesIdentify where and what type of intervention might help

    This project has helped me to look at a household as an entity. This is important to address first before scaling up to a national initiative. This bottom-up approach is very important and UNRAVEL provides a focus for that.

    Local participation helps to capture sensitive and important results in the slow-onset/food insecurity/ HIV/AIDS context Support local partnerships Build capacity