98

Upper-Intermediate Workbook with

  • Upload
    others

  • View
    311

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Upper-Intermediate Workbook with

Upper-Intermediate Workbook with key

Liz and John Soars Sylvia Wheeldon

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

You will need to listen to the CD for some exercises You can download CD track lists at wwwoupcomeltheadwaytracklists If you dont have the CD you can read the tapescripts on pp83-85

UNIT 1

The tense system 1 Identifying tenses 4 2 Correcting mistakes 5 3 Choosing the right tense 5

Passives 4 Active or passive 6

Auxiliary verbs 5 Living it up 6 6 have be or do 7

have and have got 7 Forms of have and have got 7

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns 8 9 house and home idioms 8

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings 9

Pronunciation 11 Vowel sounds and sentence stress 10

Listening 12 A good mate 10

UNIT 2

Present Perfect 1 Present Perfect Simple or

Continuous 11 2 Present Perfect and Past Simple 12

Simple or continuous verb forms 3 Spider-boy 12

Passive 4 Present Perfect passive 14 5 have something done 14

Vocabulary 6 Revision make or do 15 7 Travel and transport 16

Prepositions 8 Prepositions of movement 16

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 17

Listening 10 A camping nightmare 17

UNIT 3

Narrative tenses 1 Irregular verbs 18 2 Past Simple or Past Continuous 18 3 Which narrative tense 19 4 Time expressions 20

Past passives 5 Active to passive 20

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature 22

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1 phrasal verbs 22

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs 23

UNIT 4

Negatives 1 Negative auxiliaries 24 2 no not -nt or none 24 3 Opposite meanings 25 4 I dont think youre right 25

Questions 5 Catch me if you can 26 6 Indirect questions 27 7 Questions and prepositions 27 8 Negative questions 28 9 Can you keep a secret 28

Vocabulary 10 Revision antonyms and

synonyms 29 11 Hot Verbs keep and lose 29

Prepositions 12 Verb + preposition 30 l3 Intonation in question tags 30

UNIT 5

Future forms 1 Question tags 3J 2 will or going to- 31 3 What does John say 32 4 Future Continuous or Future

Perfect 32 5 Pop star and soap star in

New York 33 6 Correcting mistakes 34

Conjunctions in time clauses 7 Future time clauses 34

Vocabulary 8 Revision take or put 35 9 Words commonly confused 35

Phrasal verbs 10 Types 2 and 3 36

Pronunciation 11 Sounds and spelling 36

UNIT 6

Countable and uncountable nouns 1 Countable or uncountable 37 2 some or any 37 3 much or many 37 4 The canteen 38 5 very little a little very few a few

fewer less 38

Compounds with some any no every

6 something anybody nowhere everyone 39

Expressing quantity 7 Odonga uses his loaf 40

Vocabulary 8 A piece of cake 41

Prepositions 9 Prepositions and nouns 42

43

43

1 MeanUlg 2 Which modal 3 Positive to ne~atliJe 45

6 need 47

10 Consonant dusters 49 11 Sentence stress 49

IINI] S

50 LJlUnl1~ or 51

3 Punctuation and omlttu12 the 51

4 pronouns 52 5 Prepo~jti~[)ns in relative dauses 52

53

55

56

12 Silent consonants 56

verbs 75

76

OrOn01JnCm2 ea 76

77

78

79

2 How certain 3 Past probabilIty 81 4 Past modals 66 5 Past modals various uses 66 6 Famous Three 66 82

68 82

69

69 96

70

72

73

75

The tense system Auxiliary verbs havehave got

No place like home

The tense system Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141 14 My favourite white T-shirt went pink It

1

Identifying tenses Write in the correct verb form active or passive using the verb in the box

15

- shy ___with my daughters red jumper

Simon was all wet because he -- shy __the car

sell walk

A How did you get here

16 My sister earns a good salary She _____ computer software

2

3

B We walked It didnt take long

Our baby Jack _____ now Hes a year old

I need to have a rest We non-stop for four hours

17

18

If no one offers to buy the house it _____ by auction next month

I wish Id bought that antique chair I saw in the

shop window Im sure it will have been ~old by now

take teach

4

5

It was a hard match At half-time one of the

footballers to hospital

This shirt fits me 1 _____ it

19

20

At the end of this term I for six years

The children how to make cakes when one boy dropped his bowl on the teachers foot

2 Complete the tense chart with the verb forms from 6 My cat looked guilty He_____some food exercise 1from the kitchen table

7 We need a new car We this one for ages

8 We a lovely picnic until my wife was stung by a bee

9 Dont phone at 800 We _____ dinner then

make

10 Our sandwiches _____ freshly

_____daily

11 Have you heard about Lenny He _____ redundant

12 By the time Im forty I _____ enough money to retire

wash 13 A Where are my jeans

B They at the moment

Active Simple 2 ntinuous

Present

Past walked

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

Passive Simple Continuous

Present

Past

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

4 Unit 1 bull No place like home

2 Correcting mistakes Correct the sentences

r working

10 l-wefk hard at the moment

because I have exams next week

20 Its really cold lately so Ive

bought a new winter coat

30 Arsenal play really well at the

moment Their new player has

real talent

40 Ive heard youll get married

Congratulations

5 0 I was doing my homework

when my friend was calling

60 When I was a little girl Ive

always spent my pocket money

on sweets

70 I worked with Paulo for two

years now and we still get on

well together

80 I cant decide what to buy

my brother for his birthday

Perhaps Im going to get him

a new shirt

9 0 A one-day strike has called by

London Underground workers

for Friday this week

10 0 The teacher said that Megan had

been working hard and was

deserved to pass all her exams

3 Choosing the right tense UII Read the telephone conversation between Sophie in New Zealand and her mum in Britain Put the verbs into the correct tense Sometimes there is more than one answer

Phoning home M Hello

S Muml Its mel How (1) you (do)

M Sophie What a nice surpriset Where (2)

_____ (phone) from

you

S 1(3) _____(stay) in a hotel in Auckland at the momen1

and I (4) just (find) this payphone

and I (5) (want) to actually speak to you for a while so

M Well it (6) (be) great to hear your voice We (7) ____

(miss) you so much Im glad you (8) _____(be) home in a few days

1cant waitl

S Me neither But I (9) _____ (send) you and Dad lots of emails and

letters havent I I (10) (write) you another long email today

but it isnt finished yet And I (11) (buy) you some fantastic

presentsI

M Good Im glad to hear itl And next time I hope you (12) _____

(not stay) away for so long and I hope we (13) _____ (be able) to fly

out and meet up with youl

S Of course you willi But Mum I (14) _____never _____

(visit) such a beautiful place in all my life Do you know where we

(15)_____ (go) yesterday It was a place called Hot Water Beach It

(16) (be) fantastic We (17) (dig) holes in the

sand and (18) (sit) in hot bubbling water up to our necksl

M Sounds amazingI Lucky you I

SOh I (19) really (look forward) to seeing you and Dad again on Friday See you at the airport at 830 Dont forget

M We (20) (wait) there with open armsl Safe journey Sophie See you soonl

Passives Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Active or passive 1 These sentences sound unnatural in the

active Rewrite them using the passive

1 They built our house in the 17th century

2 Someones decorating my flat at the moment

3 Has someone fixed the coffee machine yet

4 We ate in restaurants while they were building the new kitchen

While the new kitchen

5 We arrived at work to find out that someone had burgled our office

6 They wont recognize her in those dark glasses

She

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense active or passive

The burglars (catch) as

they (leave) the office

2 The postbox always

_____ (empty) at 12 midday

3 Aunt Mary is terribly upset Her cat

_____ (miss) for three days now

4 We _____ (drive)downaquiet

country lane when suddenly we

--____ (overtake) by a police car

5 When I woke up this morning the world

looked magical It (snow) all night

6 When you ( arrive) in

New York you (pick up) by one of our drivers and taken to the conference centre

6 Unit 1 bull No place like home

1 Put the verb in brackets into the correct verb form active or passive positive or negative Sometimes there is more than one answer

A German architect Werner Aisslinger thinks that he (l) _____

(find) the answer to our crowded cities He (2) _____ (invent)

a portable micro-apartment These apartments (3) (call)

Loftcubes and they can (4) ~____ (lift) onto any empty flat

roof by helicopter

Each Loftcube (S) _____ (design) with a kitchen and

- bathroom as well as a large living area They are extremely modern-

they (6) (build) using all the latest ideas fabrics and

technology in interior design

The Loftcube (7) first_____ (show) at an

exhibition in Berlin last year but Be~lin (8) _____ (be) the right

place for them because it (9) _____(have) a housing shortage

These apartments (10) _____need) in busy overcrowded cities

such as London and New York

They ClI (cost) very much - only pound38000 In the

future Aissl inger hopes that young professionals who often move from

city to city Cl2 (buy) them When it Cl3 ---- shy

be time to move they (14) ___ just _____ take their

home with them

Since the Berlin exhibition last year we U5 ____ _ (speak)

to a number of companies interested in building them but no decisions

(16) (make) yet says Aisslinger

He thinks that the homes (I7) (be) ready by the end of

next year Aisslingers vision of the future is of many rooftop communities

in each big City and it is possible that this way of life (lS) ---- shy

(reach) Britain first

2 Here are the answers to some questions about Werner Aisslinger and his Loftcube Write the questions

What A portable micro-apartment called a Loftcube

2 Why Loftcubes Because they can be lifted onto any roof by helicopter

3 Where At an exhibition in Berlin last year

4 In busy overcrowded cities

S pound38000

6 Young professionals who often move from city to city

7 Who A number of companies interested in building Loftcubes

8

By the end of next year

Auxiliary verbs Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

6 have be or do Complete the sentences with the correct form of have be or do Write A for an auxiliary verb and F for a full verb Sometimes the auxiliary is negative

1 [] They had finished supper when we arrived

2 [poundJ We had pizza for supper last night

3 0 It been a lovely day Thank you

4 0 I my homework very quickly yesterday evening

S D I always a shower after work

6 D I always had a passion for Lebanese food

7 D Fatima overslept so she catch her train

8 D What have you to your hair You look awful

9 D What your new boss look like

10 D This self-portrait painted by Van Gogh

11 D My car being repaired at the moment

12 D I hate the washing-up Id like a dishwasher

have and have got Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

7 Forms ofhave and have got Complete the conversations with a form of have or have got Sometimes both forms are possible

A Rebecca you a headache

B No its not that I a driving test tomorrow and I feel sick

A Good luck I hope you pass

B Well I a new car so it would be good ____ a driving licence

2 A ____ you ____ any pets

B No we you

A Oh yes I a cat all my life At the moment 1____ a cat two fish and two birds

B Id love a cat but Im not so sure about birds

3 A Come on We hurry Were late

B But I my passport I cant find it anywhere

A You it yesterday a look in your bag

B I it You were right

4 A Im looking forward to a few days holiday I ____ so much work for the past couple of months I a break forages

B Youre lucky I any holiday left

Unit 1 bull No place like home 1

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns

Write one word to make three compound nouns Check the use of hyphens in your dictionary

test works pressure sign10 donor map

cover line case port2 11 shelf mail

fall light 3 melon 12 break

skiing dream

house shake 4 grocer 13 writing

salad bag

club cube 5 mare 14 berg

time rink

brief birthday 6 suit 15 credit

book business

tea scape 7 plastic 16 lady

shopping slide

bow shop 8 coat 17 centre

drop car

note 9 rise 18 address

set visitors

Amazing But when we go on holiday one suitcase is too heavy for you

9 house and home idioms Tick (-) the correct definition for each idiom Use your dictionary

They get on like a house on fire a D They have a very good relationship b D They are always having arguments

2 Help yourself to tea or coffee - make yourself at home a D Make your own drinks

b D Please behave in my house as if it were yours

3 The comedians performance brought the house down a D The performance was a success

b D The performance wasnt a success

4 The news report really brought home to me the horrors ofthe famine a D The report made me realize fully the horrors of

the famine

b D The report clearly showed the horrors of famine

S His sarcastic comments really hit home a D He was sarcastic about my house

b D His comments really hurt my feelings

6 This shaky old bridge is actually (as) safe as houses a D Dont worry The bridge is very safe

b D Be careful The bridge isnt safe at all

2 DO Complete the conversations with the idioms from exercise 1 in the correct form

A I was so sorry to hear that your cat had died

B Thank you When I saw her empty bowl it really the fact that Id never

see her again

2 A How did the meeting with Andys parents go

B It was great We all

3 A Hello Sorry were so late our plane was delayed

B Dont worry Just sit down and relax and

Ill put the kettle on

4 A Did you read those excellent reviews in the local

paper about the school play

B Yes I did Apparently it

5 A Im not going up there It looks a bit dangerous

B Oh come on Its and the view from the top is fantastic

6 A Why is Terence always so horrible to poor Dennis

B I dont know But I could see in his face that Terences

cri ticisms really Perhaps hell finally get another job this time

8 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings

8 Phrasal verbs sometimes have a literal meaning and sometimes an idiomatic meaning

Ilooked up the tree but Icouldnt see my cat (literal)

Ilooked up the spelling in my dictionary (idiomatic)

In this exercise the phrasal verbs are all used literally Complete the sentences with a particle from the box Some are used more than once

I away on off bade out down in I The dentist said my tooth was bad He had to pull it

2 Dont run Come here I want to talk to you

3 My aunt fell the stairs and broke her leg

4 And I fell my horse

5 When the sun went it was really cold

6 A button has come my shirt Could

you sew it back for me

7 I dont feel like cooking tonight Shall we eat

-----

8 Im going to the library to take _____ the books Ive finished

9 Ive just hung the washing out and its starting to rain Can you help me to bring it

10 Dont throw that empty box Im sure I can use it for something

Jenny andJanine fell out again last night

2 Complete the pairs of sentences with the same phrasal verb from the box in the correct form Write L for a literal meaning and I for an idiomatic one

take off fall out pick up sort out put up stand up hold on

o After my operation all my hair ----- Its growing back now though

o Jenny and Janine again last night I could hear them arguing

2 0 Im coming to London for an interview next week - can you me for the night

o your hand if you know the answer

3 0 I all my clothes drawers today so now I know where everything is

o Weve got a problem here but if we try hard Im sure we can ____ it-___

4 0 When I was at school we had to _____ when the teacher came in the room

o You shouldnt let your sister tell you what to do all the time You should for yourself more and say what you think

5 0 A Can I speak to Kate please

B Ill just get her

o When youre riding on the back of a motorbike you have to tight

6 0 Its too warm to be wearing a jumper Why dont you it

o After a slow start my business finally started to

7 D I was never taught how to cook I just ___ it from my mother

D The babys crying Can you him

----

Unit 1 bull No place like home 9

2

Pronunciation

lei li1III

Itter b1(gt(

lui lrellu1

101gt1 131

Write the words from the box in the correct place on the chart There are three words for each vowel sound

letter bsy tree suit good cool sock camp early w~ther f~ther floor woman walk fath~ work wQmen shoe search heat m~chine mother daughter fun machine b~lding wQrry odd breakfast want g~rden f~mily

could accent banan~ banana

IAI

101

lal

listening 12 Agood mate

1 011 Listen to the conversation Mark the sentences true (I) or false (~)

1 0 Mike and Jerry arranged to meet 2 0 Mike has been away 3 0 Jerrys enjoying work at the moment 4 0 He likes his new boss 5 0 He doesnt want to apply for another job 6 0 He and Sara have enough money for a new car 7 0 Jerry is going to convince Sara that Mike needs

a holiday 8 D Mike is grateful to Jerry

2 011 Listen again and find expressions for these definitions

visit someone unexpectedly ________

2 Thats a shame I boring I not fair ______

3 a very important person _________

4 I dont understand ---------- shy

5 not feel able to do something________ 6 Thanks ______________________

3 Look at the tapescript on p83 Find examples of where words have been missed out in informal conversation

11 1

Vowel sounds and sentence stress IDI Each of these words in phonetics has a different English vowel sound Write the words (They are all from Unit 1 of the Students Book)

There is a list of phonetic symbols at the back ofthis Workbook

1 Ifrendl 7 Islreml

2 rIlJghJI 8 Iboksl

3 Iklinl 9 lagtu

4 lrohnal 10 IW3k

5 Itukl 11 ItJoU

6 grupl 12 Iwmtal

DO This chart shows the main English vowel sounds

10 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Present Perfect Continuous verb forms have something done

Been there done that

Present Perfect Grammar Reference Students Book p141

Present Perfect Simple or Continuous Match the lines to make sentences

A I -

1 Ive written Ive been writing

to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday

my essay all morning

2 Ive lost weight recently Ive been losing my car keys

3 Theyve missed you lots so come home soon Theyve been missing the train

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work early today to meet Paulas left her uncle

work late all this week

6 The cats been going to our neighbours to have The cats gone its dinner

upstairs

7 Hes had aheart attack Hes been having second thoughts about

accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy anew television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming Ive swum

twenty lengths today which is why my hair is wet

10 Ive been finding my cheque book at last Ive found it difficult to concentrate

recently

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous

Iv k plavinA (play) tennis all morning and Im really tired

2 Please drive carefully to work It_____ (snow) and the roads are very dangerous

3 Howfar _____ you _____ (travel) this morning

4 Kay and Bruno Parker (live) in London for the past five years Recently they _____ (try) to buy a house in the country but they (not manage) to sell their flat yet

5 Bill and Andy (argue) a lot recently because Bills always leaving work early

6 I (eat) so much icemiddotcream I feel sick

7 The trains (run) late all morning

8 Cecilia (cry) all day because she ---__ (fail) all her exams

9 I (sunbathe) all morning and now Ive got sunburn

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 11

2 Present Perfect and Past Simple Look at Junko Tabers personal history Complete the questions and answers

Junko 11lbei THE FIRST WOMAN TO CLIMB EVEREST

Born in Fukushima Japan

Started at Fukushima Elementary School

Went mountain-climbing for the first time with her school class

Joined a mountaineering club

Graduated from Showa Womens University with a degree in English and American literature and devoted herself to mountaineering

Got married

Started the first womens climbing club in Japan

Had her first child a daughter

Climbed Mount Everest and received a medal from the King of Nepal

Hadason

Became the first woman to climb the Seven Summits (the highest mountain in each of the seven continents)

Climbed her 113thmountain

Where was Junlco Tabei born In ____________________________

2 Which ____________________to

FukushiMa EleMentary School

Simple or continuous verb forms Grammar Reference Students Book p141

3 Spider-boy I Read about Scott Cory and choose the correct verb form

Spider-Boy JENNIFER CORY (1) stands is standing in Yosemite National

Park California looking though a powerful telescope She looks

like a bird-watcher but she (2) actually watches is actually

watching her 14-year-old son Scott who (3) climbs is climbing

the face of a 2900-foot mountain He (4) has climbed has been

climbing all morning and he (5) has nearly reached has nearly

been reaching the top

Scott Cory is the American schoolboy rock-climbing sensation

He (6) has already climbed has already been climbing some of

the highest most dangerous rock -faces in the world He (7) started

climbing was starting climbing when he was seven and he

(8) broke was breaking his first record when he was II He

(9) became was becoming the youngest person to climb the

famous EI Capitan mountain in one day He (10) has been named

has been being namedSpider-boy by the press

Scott (11) trains is training at least five hours aday four days a

week He (12) has prepared has been preparing for months for his 3 How long __________ climbing

Since she ______________________

4 What ___________at university

5 How long _________________ married

_______________________ 38 years

6 What ______________ she was 30 bull

7 When _________Mount Everest ________________ 36

8 Who _____________________ a medal The __________________________~

9 How many _________climbed

10 Has _______________ exciting life

latest challenge Next month he (13) will climb will be climbing

La Esfmge mountain in Peru Steve Schneider 43 his fellow rockshy

c1imber says I (14) havent seen havent been seeing any other

kids do what he does

l1li Read Scotts email from Peru Complete the email with the verbs in the box in the correct form Decide if the verbs are simple or continuous Sometimes there is more than one answer

do (x 2) arrive choose stay go become train call be not be look make take prepare not enjoy sound get

Dear Mom and Dad

Lots of love from sunny Peru I (1) M doing fine so far

and Steve (2) good care of me as usual We

(3) _____at Lima airport last night I

(4) the flight much It was very long

Lima is very hot and crowded but we (5) _____

only here for one more night Tomorrow we

(6) to La Esfinge to take a look Steve says

that out of all the mountains here he (7) the

hardest climb for us It (8) Welcome to the

Slabs of Koricancha Funny name eh

I think this climb (9) harder than anything

I (10) in my life The high altitude

(11) it difficult to breathe And there

(12) many hand and foot holds because the

rock face is so smooth But I (13) forward

to it It (14) like a lot of fun

I (15) so hard recently and I think I

(16) enough for this climb So please dont

worry about me If we (17) to the top we

(18) _____ the first Americans to do it

Wish me luck and thanks for everything Mom and Dad

Scott

Passive Grammar reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Present Perfect passive 1 Rewrite the sentences using the passive and omitting

the subject

The shop has already delivered the new sofa Thenewsofu __________________________

2 Have the workmen repaired the street lights yet

3 The government has just passed some new antishysmoking laws

Some new anti-smoking laws ------------ shy

4 The local counci1 hasnt built any new homes for twenty years No _________________________________

5 Nobody has watered the plants The plants ___________________________

2 Rewrite the newspaper headlines using the Present Perfect passive

Rat Alert at BuckinahaJD Palace

Ratl hav4 found itt BM~M PaiaM

2 Dramatic Rescue of Yachtsman in Pacific

Theft of Valuable Jewels fngtnl Sothebys

4 Missing Boy Alive

5 Huge Pay Rise for Police

6 Monsoon Kills 260 in India

7 AncieDt Tomb Discovery iD Egypt

5 have something done

1 Look at the difference in meaning between these three sentences

fve repaired my bicycle=I repaired it myself My bicycle has been repaired =Someone repaired it It is not important who did it fve had mybicycle repaired = Iarrangedpaid for someone to repair it for me (have + object + past participle)

2 Have something done is used to talk about services that you ask someone else to do

rmgoing to have myhair cut

1 Rewrite the sentences using have something done

Johns kitchen is being decorated

Uampg having thamp kitchampn duoratampd

2 My sister wants someone to pierce her ears

She wants to _________________________

3 My eyes are going to be tested

Im going to _________________________

4 Mr and Mrs Turners car has been serviced They ____________________________

5 Our television hasnt been repaired yet We havent __________________________~

2 Its Melanie and Kens wedding day Look at the notes and write sentences about what they have had are having done

ghampghad hampr wuJdin9 drampgg Madamp Uamp bullbull Thampy bullbullbull

R~C~NiLY - wedliiKl dress ~ - t~ iKvitttioKS priKted - t~ ctJ(e decortted

y~ST~RDAY - weddiK~ S1Ait amplivered - klir e1At

TODAY - klir c1o-Ke - ftowers amplivered

~~~T W~~K - ~otos ampveloped - weddiK~ dress d1-elepound-Ked

8 Ferrari Shock - 2000 Redundancies

14 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Vocabulary 1

6 Revision make or do 1 IDI Complete the conversations with make or do in the

correct form A How many wedding invitations do we need

B Mmm Let me see Fifty Thatll ( 1 ) fine

2 A Cant you (2) ___

schoolwork Joe

B Well Im (3) ___

more of an effort with your

my best Dad

3 A What have you bought all that old furniture fod

B Im going to (4) it up and sell it I think Ill (5) a nice profit on it

A Is this what youre going to (6) for a living now What happened to your job at the bank

B It was boring And they asked me to (7) overtime Im not working on Saturday mornings no way

A But it was a good job You couldve (8) well there

B Well I didnt like the manager much I dont think I (9) a very good impression on him

A Well Im not surprised You never (10) it to work on time

B Anyway you should have seen his face when I told him I was leaving (11) my day

A Oh that (12) it I can (13) without you and your old furniture all over the place Im going to look for another flatmate

5

6

7

The foods prettybad here but we make up for it with exceptionally large portions

2 Complete the sentences with these expressions in the correct form

make up for sth make off with 5th make the big time make sth of 5b do without 5b could do with sth make 5th in time

Wow Look at your name in lights

outside the theatre Youve really

2 Thank you so much for helping me

I couldnt

3 A What happened to my tuna sandwich

B Im afraid the cat grabbed it and

Sorry

4 Flowers and chocolates I know youre

trying to forgetting

my birthday But youll have to try harder

than that

Im really hungry I a big steak and chips right now

Cathy behaves really strangely sometimes

I dont know what to

Im late Ill never

the station

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 15

Vocabulary 2 Prepositions 7 Travel and transport 8 Prepositions of movement 1 Tick the verbs which go with each form of transport Complete the text with prepositions from the box

Use each preposition at least once

2 Complete the table below with the nouns in the box Some can go into more than one column

runway platform seat belt crash helmet harbour carriage traffic lights life-jacket ticket collector service station season ticket trolley tyres track horn port one-way street check-in desk traffic jam timetable hand luggage Customs deck tunnel porter cabin aisle seat

get intut of

car bus bike train plane 1-

shipferry

get onoff

takeoff

land

ride

drive

catch

miss

board

park

charter flight cycle lane cargo

car bus bike -

~

train plane shipferry ~

across against on onto along in off into up out of over through past to towards at

Joes journey across town Joes plane landed on time (I) ___

Heathrow airport He had exactly one

hour to get (2) the airport

and (3) ___

Manchester He hurried (5) ___

Customs and passport control and then

raced (6) the taxi sign at the exit

Unfortunately at that moment the strap on his rucksack

broke and it fell (7) his back and (8) -- shy

the ground Dirty socks shirts and tee-shirts spilt all

(9) the airport floor Joe was so embarrassed~

He stuffed everything back (10) his rucksack

and pushing his way (11) the crowds of people

finally made it (12) the taxi rank He jumped

(13) the nearest taxi shouting Euston Station

quickly please The taxi had to stop suddenly to avoid a

child so Joe was thrown forward hitting his face

(14) the glass partition The taxi sped on and

finally arrived (15) the city centre and inevitably

the middle of a traffic jam It would be quicker to walk Joe

paid the driver leapt (16) the taxi and ran

(17) the pavement (18) all the

brightly-lit shop windows At last he could see the station

oppositel but it was difficult to get (19) the road

because of all the traffic He reached the station just as his

train was leaving He jumped (20) the barrier

raced (21) the platform and leapt (22) -- shy

the train with seconds to spare He sighed with relief - he

would be home in time for New Year

16 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 1 IDJ Here are pairs of words in phonetic

script from Students Book Unit 2 Look at the stress marks Transcribe them and practise saying them

1 lkspbr~ lekspl~reIJ~n

3 k~ntnbjut lkontnbjuJnI

4 md~stril 1m I dAstri~l

S lIkon~mil ik~nomlks

6 pol~tlks pOI~tIJnI

2 What is the stress pattern of the words in exercise I Write the words in the correct column below

explorer

-

exploration

3 l1li Say these words from Unit 2 Write them in the correct column above

discovery develop backpacker information calculate abroad destruction kilometre unique destroy unspoilt Vietnam pollution industry environment paradise European destination diarrhoea inhabitant illegal

Listening 10 Acamping

nightmare

1 lID Listen to Susan talking to Alex and Marie about her camping trip Mark the sentences true (I) or false (1)

1 D Susan is in a good mood 2 D She went camping with her new friend Tiffany 3 D Tiffanys been camping before 4 D Susan was relatively calm in the storm S D Tiffany eventually saw the funny side of things 6 D Susans looking forward to going round to see Tiffany again 7 0 Marie was very sympathetic to Susan during the story 8 D Alex was very sympathetic about Tiffany during the story

2 Who makes these exclamations Put Afor Alex Mfor Marie and S for Susan

1 0 Hey Susan What a surprise 2 D Whoops 3 D I mean how silly 4 0 What a shame S 0 How awful 6 D What a nightmare 7 D Yuck 8 D What a ridiculous thing to happen 9 D Phew What a relief

10 D What rubbish

3 lID Listen again Complete the lines with the fillers you hear

she turned up with _____two suitcases and a

hairdryerl-____

2 she-----started crying a bit saying that she was

scared And I was trying to_____ reassure her

3 it all went dark and she freaked out and

started running across the field

4 Well I ran after her and fell into some _____ disgusting

muddy stuff

5 and then I started to laugh _____ really laugh

6 She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag

round her and grass and leaves in her hair _____

Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Narrative tenses Time expressions

What a story

Narrative tenses Grammar Reference Students Book pMl

1 Irregular verbs Complete the sentences with the irregular verb in the box in either the Past Simple or the Past Perfect

fallD~

Harry in love with the Greek way of life while he was working in Athens

2 He in love with every country hed been to but this was different He wanted to live there forever

tear 0 3 Josie saw Camillas trousers and asked how she

_____ them

4 While she was hiking in the Alps she _____ her

trousers on a rock

cost 0 5 It _____ an awful lot to have our car fixed

6 Ted told me his new car _____a fortune

fly D 7 When I went to Australia I was nervous because I

_____(never) before

8 The plane took off and into the clouds

catch 0 9 Suzy wondered how she a cold in the

middle of her summer holiday

10 She a taxi outside the restaurant and went back to her hotel

beD 11 Talks _____ held in New York last week to

discuss global warming

12 When the delegates left the talks no decisions _____ reached

2 Tick the verbs in exercise 1 which have the same form for the Past Simple and the past participle

2 Past Simple or Past Continuous Choose the correct tense

I lived I was living in Istanbul when I met I was meeting my husband

2 Our team played I was playing really well We won I were winning at half time but in the end we lost I were losing 3-2

3 I didnt think I wasnt thinking of having a birthday dinner but now Im glad I had I was having one

4 Im so tired The baby next door was coughing I coughed all night long and we werent getting I didnt get any sleep

S Roger sunbathed I was sunbathing by the hotel pool when he heard I was hearing a strange sound An enormous insect appeared I was appearing and landed I was landing on his leg

6 It was snowing I snowed when I got up I was getting up this morning The children next door made I were making a snowman so I quickly put I was putting on some warm clothes and raced I was racing outside to help them

7 Jack was playing I played happily in the snow when his big brother hit I was hitting him on the head and made I was making him cry

The kids just played quietlyal night like kids do

18 Unit 3 bull What astory

3 Which narrative tense Complete the article with the verbs in the box

Past Simple -

heard reached shouted said called wasnt went back in managed had to felt was swam pulled

Past Continuous -

was standing was trying were getting was recovering

Past Perfed Simple

had been knocked had taken had just finished had hit had moved

Past Perfect Continuous -

had been swimming had been surfing

Present Perfect

has been have been

Sightless swimmer saves a surfer Alec Munroe (1) had II cwiMMittq in the sea off the coast near his house

in St Ives Cornwall and (2) on the beach when he thought

he (3) cries for help

Despite being totally blind Mr Munroe (4) the sea to

rescue the person in difficulties

1 (5) just in the right place at the right time to help

somebody the 51-year-old (6) yesterday

Mr Munroe who (7) blind for 22 years (8) ____

to reach Matthew Slade by using the drowning mans cries to guide

him Mr Slade (9) but (10) off his surfboard by

a huge wave and (11) his head on a rock Mr Munroe

(12) through rough sea to find him then (13) ____

Mr Slade and his surfboard back to shore

Mr Munroe explained 1 (14) drying myself when someone (15) ____

Help I (16) back to him to keep on shouting 1 (17) think about the direction

of the wind too While I (18) to find him the wind and the waves (19) stronger

and stronger But I just kept going until I finally (20) him and got him back to the shore

It (21) a long time to fight through the high waves and we (22) completely

exhausted Last night Mr Slade (23) ____ in hospital from shock and a broken arm

What was even more remarkable was that Mr Munroe (24) familiar with the coastline

He and his wife (25) to St Ives only two weeks before

Fortunately I (26) a good swimmer all my life he said

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 19

2

4 1 time Use

in the same a 10 years ago

b my poem

3 married was

4 ( time I was 40

25 d until Iwas 30 many years e for years

6 f since six

7 g until I

8 the h when arrived 3 races9 station

10 j races

11 k until it was too

12 4 centre

13 m

14 TV n minute

15 He 0

2

5

estate

A Roman

centre

tenses 5

7

6

7 8 new

8 1____________________________________

a New

3 bull a

I base not write

There are many new charactersl by far the best one being

Puss-in-Bootsl

(14)

message that whether you (15)

whitel purplel

stili

thatIS the biggest fairytale of all

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review

DO Read the review and complete it with a verb in the correct tense active or passive

Shrek 2 is a bit more 01 the same but not quite says Gerard Cross

Fairytale ending I regard show feel like make I

Oont get me wrong I liked Shrek 2 When the film (1) in cinemas last weeki

kids and their mums and dads (2) itl too But the first Shrek will be the one

that (3) ___ as a classic

The most striking thing about the original Shrek was its freshness It (4) new

and excitingl because of the progress that (5) ---by the film industry in animation

techniques With Shrek 21 of coursel there isnt the same surprise

Imarry tell rescue introduce not make I

The film begins in traditional fair~tale style in the Kingdom of Far Far AwaYI as Prince

Charming (voiced by Rupert Everett) (6) the story of how he tried to rescue

Princess Fiona from the Dragon Butl of coursel Fiona (7) ___ already ___ by our

lovable monster Shrekl and whats morel shes (8) him Now Shrek (9) by

his new wife to his parents-in-law PredictablYI he (10) ___ a good impression on the King

and Queen (voiced by John Cleese and Julie Andrews)

voice love be end

who (11) by Antonio Banderas

AmusinglYI this character (12) on the

actorls film role of Zorro

However the plot (13) by the

original creative teaml and it shows The story

with a typically Hollywood feel-good

blackl

or a green monsterl you (16) ___

for who you are inside And unfortunatelYI

Unit 3 bull What astory 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature

The following words are related to prose poetry or drama Put them into the correct columns Some words can go in more than one column

nursery rhyme plot chapter critic director

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1phrasal verbs

There are four types of phrasal verb Types 2and 3 are on p36 in Unit 5and type 4 is on p48 in Unit 7 Type 1phrasal verbs consist of a verb + adverb There is no object They can be both literal and metaphorical

She stood up and wallced out (literal) The bomb went off (metaphorical)

backstage Match the phrasal verbs and definitions best-seller script 1 find out ~ have a calmer more stable lifereview 2 break up wait a minutecharacter

3 hold-on - be quietleading role 4 speak up - discovernovelist

blockbuster 5 set off be happier verse 6 stay in not go out stay at home fairytale 7 settle down talk louder setting 8 turn up arrive whodunnit 9 cheer up end a relationshiprehearsal 10 shut up begin a journeyscience fiction hardback

Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs from performance exercise 1 Put the verbs in the correct form thriller

playwright Peter hasnt arrived yet - I hope he _____ autobiography

soon act full house paperback

Poetry Prose -shy

Drama -

2 We have a long journey tomorrow What time do we have to

3 Why are you so miserable -----

4 I dont feel like going out tonight Shall we _____ and order a pizza

5 Larry was a bit wild at university but then he got a job found a lovely wife and had kids

6 After a long engagement Josh and Lil eventually _____because Lil had to move to Australia

to look after her sick father

7 Can I copy your homework The teacher will never

8 Im trying to watch a programme

and youre all talking

9 A Whats Bills phone number

B Ill just look it up

_____We cant hear you at the back 10

22 Unit 3 What a story

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs

Diphthongs are two vowel sounds which run together

hear Ihlal =hI + lal diphthong ral

hair Iheal =leI + lal diphthong leal

There is a list of diphthongs at the back of this Workbook

1 DB Choose the correct transcription of each word What is the other word Read both aloud

1 pay lpeJ lpe~ 5 dear dI~ Ide~ 2 write ralti r~utl 6 boy Ib~ul IbJIl 3 phone If~unJ falnJ 7 tour Itu~1 It~ul 4 round Iremd Iraundl 8 fair IfI~1 Ife~

2 DB Read the poem aloud Write the number next to the correct sound

SOUNDS AND LETTERS DONT AGREE

When the English tongue we speak

Why does (1) break not rhyme with (2) weak

Wont you tell me why Irs true

We say (3) sew but also (4) few

And the maker of a verse

Cannot rhyme his (5) horse with (6) worse

(7) Beard is not the same as (8) heard

(9) Cord is different from (10) word

(11) Cow Is cow but (12lowIs low

(13) Shoe is never rhymed with (14) foe

Think of (15) hose and (16) dose and (11) lose

And think of (18) loose and yet of (19) choose

think of (20) comb and (21) tomb and (22) bomb

(23) Doll and (24) roll

and (2S) hDme and (26) some

And since (27) pay is rhymed with (28) soy

Why not (29) fHJd with (30) SIlid I pray

Think of (31) blood and (32) food and (33) good

(34) Mould Is not pronounced like (35) could

Why is it (36) done but (37) gone and (38) lone

Is there any reason known

[]i1 [l]ell

Du1 Daul

D=gtI D31

[]I31 OIla

D31 D=gtI

Oaul Ol~ul

Du1 Daul

DtuzI D~uzl Oausl

DuzJ DusI

ODmI DumI O~oml

Doll Daull

OIAmJ D~uml

Dell DeIl

Dell Ole

Dul Du1 DIAl

Dudl D~ldl

Daul DIAl Dol

To sum up it seems to me

That sounds and letters dont agree

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 23

Questions and negatives I dont thi nk youre right

Nothing but the truth

Negatives Grammar Reference 42 Students Book pl44

Negative auxiliaries Complete the sentences with the negative auxiliaries in the box

isnt arent mnot hasnt didnt doesnt dont hadnt wont havent

Jackie speaks fluent French but 1___

2 We wanted to leave the restaurant but Fred ___

3 Ive been to America but my parents___

4 I thought Volvos were made in Austria but they ___

5 They said she was getting better but she ___

6 Ill be moving to London but my brother ___

7 My husbands going to the wedding but I ____

8 Jo likes Indian food but Andrew ___

9 Bill thought Id forgotten our wedding anniversary but 1___

10 The bedrooms been decorated but the bathroom ___

-1-II tt

f ~------------_____________1

2 no not -nt or none Complete the sentences with no not -nt or none

1 Ill help you but not tonight

2 We have no onions left Sorry

3 Non6 of us understood the lesson

4 The teacher wasnt very clear

5 I asked you __ to make a mess

6 Why did __you do what I asked

7 How do you manage __ to put on any weight

8 Bring Alessia to the restaurant but __ Ben Hes too loud

9 Theres __ meat in this dish so its suitable for vegetarians

10 A Who likes algebra

__ meB

11 A Wheres the nearest swimming pool

B There are __around here

12 She has __ idea of how to enjoy herself

13 Why have __ you emailed me for so long

14 I can cook but __ the way my mother does

15 A Do you work late

B __ if I can help it

16 A Wheres the coffee

B Theres __ left

17 __ plants can survive without water

18 Ive got __ time for people who are rude

19 __ of my friends smoke

20 A Do you like jazz

B __ usually

24 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

3 Opposite meanings Rewrite the sentences to give them the opposite meaning Make any necessary changes using negative forms and antonyms

1 Shes rich Shes got lots of money Shes poor She hastt got a~y money at all

2 I told you to go-to work Why are you in bed

3 Tom was a successful businessman who achieved a lot in his life

4 Our house is difficult to find Everybody always gets lost

5 We had a lovely time in Muscat There werent many people there

6 You must exercise your ankle Try to move it as much as possible

7 I must iron my shirt Im going out tonight

8 You need to come with me I wont go on my own

9 I was in a hurry because I needed to go to the shops

10 All of the students passed the exam so their teacher was pleased

4 I dont think youre right

In English we usually say I dont think + affirmative verb

I dont think Iknow you NOT IdliRk I deRt know you

We do the same with believe suppose and expect I dont expect well meetagain My parents didnt believe Id pass my exams

2 We can also use seem expect and want with the negative (+ object) +infinitive

She doesnt seem to be very happy I dont expect to get the job I dont want to go back to that restaurant He doesnt expect us to pass the exams

Rewrite the sentences using the verb in brackets in the negative

1 You havent met my wife (I think) dont think youve met my wife

2 You havent got change for a 20-pound note (I suppose)

3 This machine isnt working (This machine seems)

4 It wasnt going to rain (I thought)

5 Their daughters moving to Canada They arent happy (They want)

6 Im surprised to see you here (I expect)

7 You havent seen Robert recently (I suppose)

8 I wouldnt like snails (I think)

9 You probably dont remember me (I expect)

10 She didnt pass all her exams (I believe)

Questions ~ Grammar Reference 41 Students Book p143-144

5 Catch me if you can 1m Read the text about Frank Abagnale and write questions for the answers

Frank Abagnale was a brilliant conman for

five years Amazingly he started

at 16 Steven Spielberg made the

film Catch Me If You Can about

him starring Leonardo DiCaprio

and Tom Hanks

In 1964 Frank ran away to

New York upset because he had

quarrelled with his parents He was tall and

handsome with prematurely greying hair so he

decided to pretend he was 26 to get a job

His first con trick was to forge bank cheques

When the bank found out he had already collected

$40000 He had to change his identity so he became

Frank Williams a Pan Am Airways pilot He conned

Pan Am into giving him a pilots uniform and he

faked an ID card For two years he travelled round

the world for free with paid hotel expenses But

after he told his secret to his flight attendant

friend who called the police he had to

disappear again

Next he became a lawyer He forged a Harvard

law degree and then studied to pass the bar exam

He was also a hospital doctor (he left when he

actually had to treat someone) and a university

professor He taught Sociology and apparently

his classes were very popular Each time he had

to move on before the police caught up with him

He was eventually arrested in France in 1969

and sent to prison for five years

Since then he has worked as a financial fraud

consultant

2

How lang was Era1k A~agtt~[e a ~

Five years Qn man for

Steven Spielberg

3 to New York Sixteen

4

5

Because he had quarrelled with his parents

He was tall and handsome with greying hair

6 Forging bank cheques

7

8

$40000

Two years

9 His flight attendant friend

10 A lawyer

11

Sociology

12

13

In 1969

Five years

since then 14 Hes been working as a financial fraud consultant

26 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

hanks 7 Questions and prepositions 1 Complete the questions with the prepositions in

the box

I in of by with to from at about for on

What is your home town famous for

2 Who was that book written

3 Who does this dictionary belong

4 What are you looking

5 What did you spend all your money

6 What sort of books are you interested

6 Indirect questions 7 What are you talking

1 Make these questions about Frank Abagnale indirect 8 What are you so afraid --- 1 Where did he learn how to forge bank cheques 9 A Youve got a postcard

fm not sure B Oh Who is it 2 How did he have the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

10 Who are you angry James or me I dont know

3 Which countries did he visit as a pilot 2 Write a short question with a preposition in reply to

these sentences fd like to know

4 Why did his friend call the police A B

I went to the cinema last night Whowitll

rve no idea 2 A rm very cross with you 5 How did he manage to pass the bar exam B

I havent a clue 3 A Were going away for the weekend 6 Who gave him a job as a doctor B

I cant imagine 4 A rm very worried

7 Why did the police take so long to catch him B I wonder

S A rm going to Australia 8 What did he think of prison B Two weeks A month

Do you know 6 A I bought a present today

2 Write indirect questions about Frank Abagnale for these answers B 1 I wish I knew _______________ 7 A Have you heard Jane has got engaged

He told his friend because he was tired of living a lie B 2 Have you any idea _____________ 8 A Can you cut this article out for me

It took him three attempts to pass the bar exam B I havent got any scissors 3 Why do you think____________

He went there because he wanted to stop running and settle down in one place

4 Can you tell me

He spent five years in prison

S Do you know

He is truly sorry for what he did and has spent the rest of his life being a model citizen

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 27

8 Negative questions ~ Grammar Reference 41

Students Book p144

Match a question in A with a line in B

A

1

2

-

Are you ready yet

Arent you ready yet

I

a

b

What have you been doing all this time

Its time to go

3

4

Dont you want me to help you

Do you want me to help you

c

d

I thought you did

Iwill if you want

S 6

Arent you amember of the tennis club

Are you amember of the tennis club

e

f

Im sure Ive seen you there

If you are we could have agame

7

8

Dont you know the answer

Do you know the answer

g

h

Yes or no

Im surprised at you

9

10

11

12

Dont you think its beautiful

Do you think its beautiful

Didnt I tell you Im going out tonight

Did I tell you Im going out tonight

i

j

k

I

Surely you agree with me

Im asking because Im not sure

Icant remember now

Ithought Ihad Sorry

9 Can you keep asecret IDJ Complete the questions in the conversation Use How come once Sometimes there is more than one answer

A I went to a birthday dinner last night

B Didyou~

A Belindas You know my friend from work

B Oh yes What (1)

A It was quite good I chatted to various people

B (2)

A Well I talked for a long time to Vicky you know from school

B Of course Brainy Vicky (3)

A Shes fine Got agood job But actually shes not very happy at the moment

B (4) ___________

A I dont know if I can tell you Look you can keep a secret (5) ____---____

B Of course I can So what (6) -------

A Shes having a terrible time with her boss Mr Parker

B U) A You remember He came to our office once B (8) ___________

A You know Quite tall Dark curly hair

B Oh yes I remember now (9) use to wear glasses

A Thats right But he doesnt any more Anyway he had been talking about promoting her and everything when suddenly he went all funny and cold towards her

8 (10)

A Well turns out that hed promoted someone else Instead

B No (11) _____1

A Youll never guess Her colleague and best friend Tessa

B Not Tessa I cant believe it (12) Vicky -- shy__________ now

A Shes going to try to look for a new job But dont tell anyone

28 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

Vocabulary 10 Revision antonyms and synonyms 1 For the words in A write their opposites in B

using prefixes

A 8 C Adjectives

- ~

truthful ntrutftf1 di~honegf

real

credible

plausible

probable

pleased

normal

professional

important 1- - -

Nouns I ~

honesty

reality

belief shy - 1-

Verbs - - shy

appear

understand

trust

cover

2 In column C write synonyms for the words in B using the words in the box

fake confuse eisheRest reveal deceit unbelievable fantasy vanish ridiculous annoyed bizarre amateur unlikely trivial incredulity suspect

11 Hot Verbs keep and lose 1 Tick the correct column to make expressions with keep

and lose

keep 1-

I calm

lose ~

weight I

a promise

your way

in touch with sb

going

a secret

sb waiting

your temper

fit

2 Complete the sentences with an expression from exercise 1 in the correct form

When you go away please write rd like to _____ _____with you

2 When Joe broke the TV I my and started shouting at him

3 Can you Dont tell anyone but Im going to ask Vicky to marry me

4 Have you been here long Sorry to you I took the wrong road and I my ____

I had to ask for directions

5 A Ive lost my purse

B Now dont panic and well look for it

6 I go to the gym every day because I like to _____

And I ate so much on holiday that I need to ____

I

Can you keep a secret HOW TO LOSE WEIGHT

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 29

Prepositions 12 Verb + preposition

Many verbs are foHowed by prepositions Complete the sentences with the correct preposition

1 I agree with every word you say

2 I applied the job but I didnt get it

3 What are you all laughing Whats the joke

4 He died a heart attack

5 Shes suffering badly sunburn

6 Do you believe magic

7 I didnt realize that Maria was married - __ George

Pronunciation 13 Intonation in question tags

lID In question tags the intonation either falls ----- orrises~

1 ----- Falling intonation means that the sentence is more like a statement =Im sure Im right Can you just confirm this for me

Its really warm again today isnt it Yotlve lost the car keys again havent you

2 ~ Rising intonation means that the sentence is more like a real question =Im not sure if Im right about this Correct me if Im wrong

Yotlvebeen invited toJanes house havent you john didnt fail his driving test again did he

Both patterns are very common in spoken English because they invite other people to join in the conversation

8 Dont you think Mikes been acting ___a very strange way 1 lID Write the question tags for the statements Mark whether

it falls or rises ----- 9 Did you succeed convIncmg

1 Youre angry with me arf vou your father you were telling the truth

2 Last night was such a hot night 10 Compared you Im not very intelligent at all 3 You couldnt help me carry this bag

11 Weve complained our teacher 4 Antonios late again

---the amount of homework we get 5 Its cold for this time of year 12 Stop laughing me It isnt funny

6 Im just hopeless at telling jokes 13 Ive completely fallen love ___

7 You havent seen my pen anywhere Dubai

8 By the end of the film we were all in tears 14 Who are you going to vote ___ in the

singing contest 9 You wouldnt have change for a pound10 note

15 Tom Hanks has appeared ___ 2 lID Write a sentence and a question tag for these situations

IS major films and choose the intonation pattern

1 You ask Tom if he could help you do your homework ~

Tom YOU eould f help me with my hOMework eould you

2 Youre coming out of a restaurant where you have just had a really tasteless meal with a friend

That--------________________________________

3 You cant believe that your sister has borrowed your new coat again

You--_____________________________________

4 You need a neighbour to water your plants while youre away

You ________________________________________

5 You think that Vanessa is going on a business trip to Rome next week but youre not sure

Vanessa you _________________________________

Future forms Conjunctions in time clauses

An eye to the future

2 will or going toFuture forms Complete the conversations with will or going to in the

Grammar Reference Students Book pl44 correct form Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Question tags A make myself a sandwich Do you

Match a sentence in A with a question tag in B want one

B No thanks I have something later

- 1- 2 A Marco and Lia Florida this year for Youre going to work harder from will we their holidays now on

2 Ill see you next week doesnt it B How wonderful The boys love it

3 Kates leaving soon wont we especially Disneyland

4 Youll ring when you get there are you 3 A Bye Mum I meet Tom and Mel I

5 Our plane takes off at 4 pm wont I be back at about ten oclock 6 The decorators will have finished by

next week isnt she

wont you B OK but dont be late again or I

really annoyed be

7 You arent getting married next week

8 We wont need tickets to get in wont they 4 A Jo be furious when she finds out Ive

9 Wel be millionaires one day will he crashed the car

10 Dave wont be coming arent you B She understand if you explain that it wasnt your fault

S A I not work today I feel awful

B Dont worry I ring your boss and tell her youre sick

6 A Im tired I think I go to bed

B watch the news then I join you

7 A My boss has told me I be promoted

B Congratulations We have to celebrate

8 A Mr Smith now youve inherited all that money

you be the fifth-richest man in England How do you feel about that

B I tell you next week Im too shocked at the moment

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 31

I TAINK It Wllto~ rr0 COOL DoWN A srr

3 What does John say

Write what John actually says in these situations Use a future form

He sees some very black clouds in the sky

John Its goittg to rajnmiddot

2 His sister has just reminded him that it is his grandmothers birthday soon John 1______________

3 He has decided to study hard for his final exams John 1 ______________

4 Hes made an appointment to see the dentist next Friday John 1 ______________

5 He predicts a win for his team Manchester United on Saturday John I think _____________

6 Hes stuck in a traffic jam Hegts late for a meeting He rings his office

John Im sorry ____________

7 His sister is getting married The wedding is next March

John My sister _____________

8 His plane ticket for next Sunday says

Departure 730 am London Heathrow John My planemiddot ____________

9 He can see himself lying on a beach in Egypt next week at this time

John This time next week ________

10 He predicts hot weather there

John I think it ____________

4 Future Continuous or Future Perfect Tracey is a student at the moment Look at her plans for things she thinks she will have done or she will be doing by the time shes forty Write what she thinks using either the Future Continuous or Future Perfect

1 1I1I(000t to t~t statts

2 work ~am tlljOWoYIIQLts1l1l(

3 Livt til Ntw yom

-4 pa11 off 1111(11 stWo~tlolt ballk loall

5 tayll at ltast

-1100000 a ~ta y

6 tat oWot at ltast

foWoY tt~ a wu~

T YUII til CtlMyaL PAy~

tvtytj ~a~

~ gtt Vtytj f tt ) lI1I(antj allAmtneail

10 ~avt two e~i~ytll

By the time Im forty

1 rtf have movtd to the States

2 11 be workittg hard itt journalism

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

32 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

5 Pop star and soap star in the snow IDI Choose the appropriate future form Sometimes both are possible

Celeb Update bull UJIiilTI to tffl tfl a

Pop star and soap star in New York Celeb Update meets up with

Kym Manning who has

recently left the pop group

HearSing and her husband

the actor Jack Deane in

New York on the fi rst

anniversary of their marriage

CELEB UPDATE Hello Kym andJack What are you planning to do while you are in New York

Kym We (1) reqoinq to celebrate celebrate our first wedding anniversary here We love New York And of course we (2) ll have bouqht ll be buyinq lots of presents for our family

CELEB UPDATE Wonderful Now youve both been very busy this year What are your plans for the coming year

Kym Well we had to spend a lot of time apart last year I was on tour for nearly six months I (3) m notgoing to lea le wont ha Ie left Jack for such a long time this year

Jack Yes it (4) wont happen isnt happening again We are very happy together and we (5) are il be together forever

CELEB UPDATE Kym what (6) willyou be doing will you have done now that youve left the group HearSing

Kym Well I (7) mgoing to record ll record my own album as Ive now got a solo record deal

CELEB UPDATE Jack you left our best-loved soap East Londoners at the height of your popularity What kind of parts (8) will you be lookinq for will you have looked for now

Jack I (9) ll chanqe I mgoing to change direction I (10) Il do mgoinq to do serious drama Ive had some interesting offers already and I think 1(11) ll be makinq up ll have made up my mind which to take by the end of our holiday

CELEB UPDATE Kym of course you act as well as sing (12) Areyou planning Wiilyou plan to work on stage with Jack

Kym Jack is a great actor and we (13) work il work together if the time and the part is right But for the time being we (14) il be concentrating I ll ha le concentrated on our own careers

Jack And I know that in my new career I (15) llbeablel wont be able to count on the support of my lovely wife

CELEB UPDATE Thank you We wish you both luck for the future

Jack and Kym Thank you

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 33

6 Correcting mistakes In these conversations some of the future forms are wrong Find the mistakes and correct them

[2] A Have you heard Sues going to get married

Ifo B Really Im ~6ifl~ t6 give her a ring this evening

to congratulate her

2 D A What do you do this weekend

D B I dont know yet Maybe Ill give Paul a ring and

see what hes doing

3 D A Ill be honest with you Matthew I dont think

youre going to pass this exam

D B Dh no What will I be doing

4 D A Is it true that Rachel will get married to that

nice fiance of hers this weekend

D B Thats right And Im going to the wedding

Ive got to Im her bridesmaid

5 D A Our plane leaves at six 0dock on Saturday

morning

D B YukI You have to wake me up I can never get up

in the mornings

6 D A Its my birthday on

Sunday Im going

to be thirty

D B Thirty Thats ancient

You are getting your

pension soon

7 D A Mickey and David will be arriving soon and the

house looks like a rubbish tip

D B Dont worry Itll only be taking a few minutes

to dear up

8 D A Will you be going skiing as usual in January

D B Not this year Its too expensive Well stay at home

9 D A Ill ring you as soon as Ill arrive

D B Please do Well be waiting to hear youve

arrived safely

34 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Conjunctions in time clauses 7 Future time clauses

1 Notice that in clauses after if when as soon as until before after once and unless present tenses are normally used to talk-about the future A future form is not used

(II phone you when Itrive NOT when ffi arrive

I wont invite you unless you live up smoking

NOT unless yetAt give up

2 If it is important to show that the first action will be completed before the second action begins the Present Perfect is used

(II fax you the reports soons Ie written it

Theyre going to emigrate to Australia hetthe bMlyhn been born

Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the correct tense Present Simple Present Perfect or a future form

I Unless you

_____

(eat) sensibly you

(not get) better

2 We

_____

( not move) to Paris until we

(find) a flat there to rent

3 You

_____

(like) Adam when you

(meet) him Hes so funny

4

as you

you _____ (learn) to drive as soon

_____ (be) 17

5 The children _____ ( not go) to bed unless

_____ (have) a glass of milkthey

6 It

_____

(be) at least an hour before I

(finish) this report

7 fyou

you

(not do) well in the test

(have to) do it again

8 As soon as we

information we

(be) able to process the

(deal) with your

request

9 The doctor says that I

better once I

(feel) much

(have) the operation

10 Once you

you

(try) Glowhite toothpaste

(never use) anything else

Vocabulary 8 Revision take or put Complete the conversation with the correct form of take or put

A Come in Make yourself at home (1) some music on Pour us a nice cold drink

B Thanks I will Mmm something smells nice

A Oh dinners (2) ages Go and sit down (3) your feet up and (4) it easy Itll be a while before we eat Hows your week been

B ~rrible My boss is (5) pressure on me to (6) on another project But Im already working flat out and Im fed up with (7) work first all

the time

A I dont blame you But the business has really (8)

___off recently hasnt it

B Yes it has which is great of course But I think hell just have to realize that he needs to (9) ___

on more people now But hell never (10) advice from me of course I

A Well youve been there since the beginning and I think he just (11) you for granted

B I know Im like part of the furniture I have trouble

getting him to (12) any notice of me at all these days

A Oh dont (13) it personally Im sure he doesnt mean it like that Hes just too busy thats all

B Perhaps youre right But he should (14) himself in my shoes once in a while and realize how he makes me feel

A Youll just have to talk to him about it Anyway thisll (15) a smile on your face Dinner is seIVedl

9 Words commonly confused Complete the sentences with the correct word Put the verbs into the correct forms

expect wait for look forward to

I a We_____ the rain to stop so that we can play tennis

b The weather forecast says a lot of rain _____over the next few days

c Im very excited Im starting my first job

pass spend waste

2 a too much time with my mates and not enough time with my family

b I usually read the newspaper to the time on train journeys

c I my time at school I wish Id tried harder and studied more

see watch look at

3 a ___you _____ that new Spielberg

film yet b The police sat in their car They _____

every move the men made c this picture little Amy has painted

actually at the moment really

4 a A What a shame James lost the match B he won

b The children are out playing in the garden

c Love that dress You _____ look wonderful

lend borrow owe

5 a I have a student loan I the bank pound10000 which is a lot of money

b Jed pound5000 from the bank to buy a new car

c Could you _____ me pound20 until the end of the week Im broke

angry nervous embarrassed

6 a He felt when he realized that he couldnt remember her name

b rm very about my interview tomorrow

c Were _____ with the boss for not listening to us

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 35

Phrasal verbs 10 Types 2and 3

Both type 2 and type 3 phrasal verbs have an object Type 2 Type 3

Take offyour coat Look after your sister I put the DVD on (1Iloole into the problem

2 In type 2 the particle can move Take your coat off I put on the DVD

If the object is a pronoun (him it me etc) the particle comes after it

Take it off NOT Take eft it tput it on NOT I Ptlt e it

3 In type 3 the particle cannot move NOT leek yetlr sister after

leek her after Ill leek the prehlem ite In leek it iftte

4 Dictionaries usually tell you which type a phrasal verb is put sth on The particle is shown after sth This is type 2 look into sth The particle is shown before sth This is type 1

Put a pronoun in the correct place in these sentences First decide which type of phrasal verb is used

1 Listen to this song Ill put it on for you

2 I know youve got a lot of problems but Im sure

youll get through them

3 I cant remember the directions I couldnt take ___ all in ___

4 Theres a problem with my computer Ill sort

___ out tomorrow

5 Were having a meeting on the 25th Put ___

in your diary

6 There are clothes all over your bedroom Please

put __away ___

7 If youre going out with your little brother youd

better look after ___

8 Im sorry you had a complaint about your room

Ill look into right away

9 That was a mean thing you said Take -- shy

back ___

10 I liked Ann but since you told me what she did

youve put me off -- shy

36 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Pronunciation 11 Sounds and spelling 1 IDI Match the letters underlined in each word

with the correct sound

1 wQnt IAl I~ul 101 2 walk IJI 101 101 3 wQnder IAl IJI 101 4 wQman lui I~ul IAI

5 w~rm IJI laii 131

6 wQrd IJI 131 laII 7 w~r le~1 lei li1

8 w~ght laii lell lei

9 w~nt lrel I~ol 101 10 wQrk IJI 131 IJII

11 w~nder IAl iJI 101

12 wQmen 101 I~ul III

13 worm IJI IJII 131

14 ward 101 lall IJI

15 weary le~1 II~I li1

16 w~rd lall lell II~I

2 lID In each group of words three words rhyme Choose the odd one out

1 IAl done phone won son

2 lui would should good blood

3 lu1 move love prove groove

4 I~ol though through throw sew

5 IeII weak break ache shake

6 laul flower power tower lower

7 131 worth birth north earth

8 leIl hate wait weight height

9 II~I fear near pear clear

10 le~1 share bear fair hear

WU~ I A~ED YOU TO PICK UP TUE CUILDRW RWM ~I-IOOL I TUOUGUT YOU WOOL[) GO IN TUE CAR

Countable and uncountable nouns Expressing quantity something somebody somewhere

Countable and uncountable nouns ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p146

Countable or uncountable Choose the noun in each group that is usually uncountable

holiday journey flight luggage suitcase 2 meal dish food menu dessert 3 cheque coin cash salary bonus 4 job employee boss unemployment profession 5 pop group musical music opera concert 6 arrest violence accident crime criminal 7 motorway traffic traffic jam hold-up rush hour

Choose the noun in each group that is usually countable 8 luck happiness opportunity fun help 9 ingredient cutlery fruit meat food

10 fresh air sleep fluid health energy

2 someorany Complete the sentences with some or any

1 I did exercise 1 without help

2 Would you like more fizzy mineral water I dont want more

3 people dont have problems learning foreign languages

4 Why dont you ask your father to lend you ___ money I havent got ___

5 My teenage sister never has difficulty learning the words of poems There are hardly she doesnt know by heart

6 I didnt realize that there was still ___ food left Ive made more

3 much or many Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets and much or many Make any other necessary changes

1 Im not sure how much drink to buy (cans of cola)

Im ~ot sure how may Gas of Gola to buy

2 Are there many jobs to be done in the garden (work)

3 I didnt spend many hours on the homework (time)

4 Did they do many experiments before they found a cure (research)

5 They couldnt give me many details about the delay in our flight (information)

6 I didnt have too much difficulty with this exercise (problems)

7 Ive got too many suitcases I cant carry them all (luggage)

8 There are too many cars and lorries on the streets of our town (traffic)

Compounds with some any no every 6 something anybody nowhere everyone

1 Any anyone anybody anywhere and anything can mean it doesnt matter whichwhowherewhat

Put the picture anywhere Idont mind You can say anythingyou want Idont care Borrow anybook you want

2 Everybody and everything are singular not plural Everybodyknows who did it Everything is ready for the guests

1 Complete the sentences with a combination of these words

some onebody any

thing+no whereevery

I dont care where we go on holiday as long as its _____ hot

2 Does want a cup of tea

3 Ive looked for my contact lens but I cant find it

4 A What do you want for dinner Harry

B Oh I dont care

5 This sale is fantastic Theres 5000 off----shy

in the shop

6 Its really boring at Auntie Marthas theres

absolutely to do

7 Im a very sensitive person _____

understands me

8 There was _____ for me to sit so I had

to stand

9 Janes going to work for _____she met

on holiday

10 Sue is such a chatterbox shes always got

--___ to say but she never says _____ interesting

11 Our cat will follow _____

12 Tommys so nice - ____ likes him

2 Match a line in A with a line in B

IA

a anything1 He told the police he knew

b nothing2 He didnt tell the police

c somewhere in London3 I think they live

d anywhere in london4 I dont mind Ill live

e phoned you Sorry5 Anybody

f can cook Its easy6 Nobody

g anywhere7 Ive searched

h everywhere8 I cant find it

9 I thought Id know i somebody at the meeting

j anyone at the meeting10 Ididnt know

11 My parents never took me k everywhere when Iwas young

12 My parents took me I anywhere when Iwas akid

13 Jane always got m everything she wanted

14 Jane didnt have n anything to wear

15 Ive already had o something to eat

16 Ive had p nothing to eat

IOfcourse nobody needs one thats why Icalledyou advertising people in

Unit 6 bull Making it big 39

I

Expressing quantity 7 Odonga uses his loaf

Read and complete the story of Odonga Bosko using the words in the boxes

I acouple multi much few little nobody

Odonga Bosko hasnt had (1) luck in his life-

until now that is And (2) could have predicted

how completely his life would change

(3) of months ago 20-year-old Odonga had (4)

____chance of escaping the grinding poverty

in his remote Ugandan village Now the excited trainee

printer is busily packing his (5) belongings

for his trip to Britain because a (6) ____-millionaire is

paying for him to study the latest printing techniques

at college

I any hardly any more all a bit part enough

Remarkably Odongas extraordinary change in fortune

is (7) because of a loaf of bread He explained

I was hungry but there wasnt (8) food in the

house I had (9) money - only 600 shillings (4p)

but it was just (10) to buy (11) of bread

The bread is usually wrapped in paper and that

day I saw it was (12) of an English paper so

I took (13) notice

I none piece more than any something no

On the (14) ___ of paper was an advert for a

printing jo b in Bristol (15) ____ of my friends

have (16) ____ work here I am training on a printing

machine which is (17) 40 years old and I

receive (18) wages I felt if I was going to

make (19) ___of my life I had to apply for this job

over a lot all several some a great deal of

It took Odonga (20) ____ hours to write the letter

and send it But it turned out that the advert had been

placed (21) ____ a year ago The company kindly sent

me (22) ___of information about (23) the

hi-tech machines they used I was even more determined

to get a chance to work on them

In Britain Odongas story reached the ears of Conrad

Millbank a tycoon who had made (24) money from

publishing He ordered his lawyers to find the enthusiastic

young African When I heard that a rich man wanted to pay

for my training I thought it must be a joke Now I am so happy

that I went to buy (25) bread that day

to use your loaf is an idiom meaning to use your brains I show intelligence

40 Unit 6 bull Making it big

Vocabulary 8 A piece of cake 1 What combinations can you make using nouns from the

two columns

~PieceVca~ead ~tu~~ce honey ~ loaf chocolate

bar toothpaste box chocolates

souptin lemonadecan

paperbottle colasheet

2 These sentences contain false information about the article Correct the mistakes

Odonga has quite a lot of money

Odonga has hardly any money

2 600 shillings is quite a lot of money

3 Odonga has few friends

4 Most young people in his village have jobs

5 It didnt take him much time to write his letter

6 There were some jobs available at the company

7 No-one heard about his story

8 Until now Odonga has had quite a lot of good fortune in his life

2 Replace the words in italics with combinations from exercise 1

1 Would you like some cake

2 All weve got for lunch is some soup

3 There are two clean pieces ofpaper on my desk

4 Dont forget to buy Mum some chocolates for Mothers Day

5 Do you want this chocolate Its plain and I only like milk

6 Theres only one bit ofbread in the bread bin

7 How much cola have we got left over from the barbecue

8 Hello reception This is room 40l Theres not a single bit ofsoap in the bathroom here

9 We brought you some special honey back from the country

Unit 6 bull Making it big 41

Prepositions 9 Prepositions and nouns 1 Which prepositions go with the words on the right in these two tables

A

above

t IraquoeIow

t on

1-

t over under

avera~e

foot

arrest

pound500

75

freezing

18 years old

new management

holiday

pressure

business

B

at by

durinl in ~

on ~f--

midni2ht

the night

New Years Day

the winter

Friday afternoon

the weekend

time

afortnights time

the rush hour

his forties

2 Complete the article with prepositions from exercise 1

Whos that girl

Remember Gisele Bundchen the half-German half-Brazilian model

who came to fame (1) the late 1990s when she was still (2) ----shy I

eighteen years old (3) the next five years her face appeared in

(4) __ a hundred magazines and fashion campaigns (5) five feet

ten inches tall she was slightly (6) average height for a model but

she was still very popular earning (7) average $7000 an hour

But (8) __ the height of her career she decided to walk away from all

of that turning down (9) 90 of her forthcoming projects (10)_shy

her year-long absence she went (11) __ winter holidays with her family

and acted in her first film

People wondered whether she had been (12) too much pressure

or she was working (13) new management but apparently not The

23-year-old is making a comeback but (14) her own time She wants

to be more selective and creative and is aiming for longevity in the short-lived

fashion world So still expect to see her (15) her fifties

42 Unit 6 bull Making it big

3

4

5 0 The order was placed on I September

6 0 John Barker is going to call Ellen Miles later that morning

Who says these things Write R (receptionist) E (Ellen Miles) or J(John Barker)

I 0 Will you hold 2 D How are things 3 D Bear with me a moment 4 D Are you ready 5 0 What was it again

6 D Ill read that back to you 7 D Somethings come up 8 D Ill expect your call

Look at the tapescript on p84 and find equivalent expressions for these phrases

1 Who do you want to speak to 2 Im connecting you 3 an order I made 4 no more than a week

3

4

Listen and check Practise reading the text again

Read this news item and mark the stress Then read it aloud again paying attention to the shifting stress

Exports increased in the last quarter due to the present

buoyant economy Ministers are content with the results

saying that they reflect the progress made in decreased

regulation for small businesses

Tax refunds are on the increase as invalid assessments

multiply in the tax office Tax officers protested against t he

criticism levelled against them saying that they were

insulted by suggestions that they were not able to produce

the correct results They said they were compiling a report

which would present in minute detail the problems they

were experiencing since the computer contract had been

placed with another company

5 6 7

Do you have the order code with you that all seems to be correct Ill phone you again before 12 5 lID Listen and check Practise reading the texts again

listening 10 Abusiness problem

IIJI Listen to the phone call Who is calling who Whats the problem

lohnBarker

2 IDJ Listen again and mark these sentences truel or false~

D John Barker and Ellen Miles know each other

2 D John Barkers secretary confirmed the order

3 D Deliveries take more than a week

4 0 The order code is FED 2054780498 MX

Pronunciation 11 Shifting word stress 1 Listen to the pronunciation of the words

Write N for noun and V for verb

1 0 refuse 7 0 permit

2 0 transport 8 0 record

3 0 produce 9 0 contract

4 0 decrease 10 0 desert

5 0 progress 11 0 present

6 0 insult 12 0 content

2 Read this news item aloud Pay attention to the shifting stress on words that are both verbs and nouns

Good evening Here is the news

Oil imports continued to increase in the last quarter

Demand for transport fuel is already at record levels

and the Prime Minister refuses to pennit any further

increases Members of the Transport Workers Union

objected to his criticisms They insisted they will protest

against any possible future sanctions They presented

a report maintaining that present fuel increases are

due to a decrease in investment in railway transport

by the government

Unit 6 bull Making it big 43

Modal auxiliary verbs and related verbs need

Getting on together

Revision of all modals Grammar Reference Students Book p147

Meaning check Choose the correct explanation for each of these modals

Amy may look for a new job

a ~ Amy has permission to look for a new job

b [ZJ Its possible Amy will look for a new job

2 I couldnt swim until I was 16

a D I wasnt allowed to swim until I was 16

b D I wasnt able to swim until I was 16

3 No one can smoke in the cinema

a D No one is able to smoke in the cinema

b D No one is allowed to smoke in the cinema

4 You should wear glasses

a D My advice is that you wear glasses

b D Its possible that you will have to wear glasses

5 Will you answer the phone

a D Are you at some time in the future going to answer the phone

b D rm asking you to answer the phone

6 I couldnt get the top off the jar

a D I wasnt allowed to get the top off the jar

b D I didnt manage to get the top off the jar

7 You must be tired

a D rm sure you are tired

b D You are required to be tired

8 Andys busy so he may not go to the restaurant

a D Andy doesnt have permission to go to the restaurant

b D Theres a possibility Andy wont go to the restaurant

44 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

2 Which modal 1 Complete the sentences with correct words from the box

Often there is more than one answer

will should can ought to could must may have to might

I You get your hair cut Its too long

2 I ask you a question

3 Young children be carried on this escalator

4 You ___ never get a seat on this train Its always packed

5 I ____ be studying Mandarin Chinese next year

6 already speak five languages fluently

7 Youll work much harder if you want to pass

8 Its Saturday night There be something good on TV

9 You ____ leave your valuables in the hotel safe

10 You be over 1m 60 em tall to be a flight attendant

2 Choose the correct answer

You mustnt wont have any problems with Jack Hes such a good baby

2 You dont have to mustnt use cream in this sauce but it makes it much tastier

3 I couldnt wouldnt watch my favourite TV programme because Mia rang up for a long chat

4 Timmys so stubborn He just cant wont do what hes told

S Im afraid I cant may not come to your wedding as Ill be in Australia

6 I was able to could get 20 off the price in the sale

7 You dont have to mustnt say a word about this to your mother Its a surprise

3 Positive to negative Rewrite the sentences to make them negative

You must stop here

2 We must learn the whole poem

3 They had to take off their shoes

4 He must be speaking Swedish

5 We had to wear a uniform at school

6 Youll have to help me do this exercise

Verbs related to modals 4 Online helpline IIiI Read the problem page and replace the words in italics with a modal verb or an expression with a modal verb

Online helaline Your questions answered confidentially

Im really worried about my friend She (1) always feels

its necessary to have the latest designer clothes And

shes getting worse Now if something isnt from the right

label she (2) refuses to allow it in the house Shes losing

touch with reality She (3) promised to come round for

coffee with me the other day but then (4) wasnt able

to because (5) it was necessary for her to go to a fashion

show As a good friend (6) is it a good idea if I talk to

her about it

We (11) arent allowed to smoke at work which

I find difficult We (12) Ire obliged to leave the building

when we want a smoke but we (13) Ire only able to

do this twice a day I go out three or four times but I

know I (14) m bound to get caught sooner or later

I think I (15) d better give up before I lose my job

What do you suggest

As a good friend (7) it is essential that you talk to her

about it This label thing Is certainly concealing a strong

inferiority complex and (8) maybe shell find it hard to

discuss it But if you (9) manae to persuade her that she

is lovable without designer gear then you (10) are certain to do her a huge service

Choose a day and just stop (16) Its possible that youll find

it difficult at first but persevere (17) Its very necessary that you dont give in to temptation When I stopped a few years

back I (18) wasnt able to stop thinking about cigarettes

but bit by bit it got better (19) If I were you Id try nicotine

patches (20) It is essential that you make the most of your

current determination Good luck

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 4S

2 Rewrite the sentences using the prompts 2 Complete the conversations with the correct

Its Annas birthday tomorrow so I should buy her a card

(d better) ________________

2 Guests shouldnt leave valuables in their room

(advised not) ________________

3 You can only smoke in designated areas

(Smoking permitted)____________

4 Im sure hell pass the exam Hes so clever (bound) _________________

5 You cant use dictionaries in this exam (The use of

dictionaries allowed)_____________

6 People under 18 shouldnt buy cigarettes

(supposed)_____---------- shy

7 Travellers to the States need a visa

(required)_________________

8 I expect youll find it difficult to learn Arabic

(likely) ________________

9 I cant come out I said Id help Jane

(promised) _________________

10 I wasnt allowed to go out until I was eighteen

(parents let) _______________

Modal verbs of probability 5 Present probability 1 Respond to the statements or questions using the words

in brackets Put the verb in its correct form

Harry is packing his suitcase (must go on holiday)

flt MUst be going on holiday

2 Jenny looks really unhappy (must miss best friend)

3 Whos at the front door (will Tom)

4 Wheres Kate Its nearly lunchtime (cant still sleep)

5 Why are all the lights on in their house (could have guests)

6 James has been working all night (must deadline to meet)

7 Its been raining all night (might difficult drive work)

8 Timmy cant find his little sister (may hide in the garden)

46 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

form of the verbs in brackets

1 A You really ( 1) (should go) to bed now or you (2) _______

____ (might feel) tired tomorrow 8 Ill go in a minute I (3) ______

_____ (must finish) this revision

first A You (4) ______ (will pass) the

exam easily Get some rest now

2 A Its five past eleven Ken and Cathys plane (5) (should touch down) at Riyadh Airport right now

S Your watch (6) _______

(must be) slow Its nearly half past A It (7) (can not be)

Ive just had it repaired

3 A Bring very warm clothes It (8) __________

(could snow) when we arrive B Oh yes Ive heard it (9) _____

_ ____( can snow) in the

mountains even in summer

4 A What are all those people doing with those lights and cameras

B They(10) ________

(must make) a film A Whos the leading man B Not sure It (11) _______

(might be) him over there And do you think that shes the leading lady

A She(12)-------- shy(could be) Shes certainly beautiful

enough

need 6 need

__ Need can work like a normal verb or a modal auxiliary verb

It usually has the forms of an ordinary verb +

infinitive with to She needs to go to bed Does she need to p to bed She doesnt need to go to bed

2 It is used as a modal verb mainly in the negative She neednt go to bed yet

But can sometimes be used as aquestion Need Igo to bed

3 Need + -ing = need + passive infinitive The car needs fixing The car needs to be fixed

Mark the sentences with M when need is used as a modal verb and V when need is used as an ordinary verb

1 D I need to go home 2 D You neednt come if you dont want to 3 D Ian doesnt need to pass all his exams to

get a place at university

4 D Money is desperately needed to protect the worlds endangered species

5 D Need I pay now or can I pay later 6 0 If you have any problems you only need to

tell us and well try to help

7 0 The garden needs watering 8 0 Leave the washing-up You neednt do it now

2 Choose the correct verb Sometimes two are correct

I mustnt neednt dont have to do this exercise but it might help

2 You mustnt neednt dont have to think Im always this irritable Ive just had a bad day

3 We mustnt neednt dont have to book a table The restaurant wont be busy tonight

4 Do you really must need to have to go now Cant you stay a bit longer

5 You mustnt dont need to dont have to eat all your vegetables Just have the carrots

6 Have I must need to got to ring and confirm my room reservation

7 My bike needs must has to replacing Look at the state of it

Vocabulary 7 Money 1 Match the words or expressions in B with a word or

expression in either A or C

C 1- shy

8A -

I opened--- -

will take ages -asavings account

My deposit account to payoffIchanged

His bills is good just nowHe accumulated debts of pound2000 r- is overdrawn

She contributes Inflation expires at theIearned pound2000 to the household bills end of July in interest went up by 2

My credit card some travellers cheques

The exchange rate

2 Read the story and choose the most suitable words

It

) Ben stood at the (1) check-in A

check-out at the supermarket as the

ft ~

assistant (2) summed added up his

(3) bill fees It came to pound7267 and she

asked him how he would like to (4) pay cost

Ben didnt have much money in his deposit account

because he hadnt been paid his monthly (5) wages salary

yet so if he paid (6) by cheque in cash he would be

(7) overdrawn overdue Then he realized he had left

his (8) credit card travellers cheques at home And he

couldnt afford to pay (9) cash money because he

only had pound60

The shop assistant told him that if he exchanged

many of the items he had bought for the shops

own brand he would (10) reduce accumulate

his bill by as much as 2500 So Ben set off

round the store again

His new bill (11) added came to only pound5650

- a (12) saving discount of pound1617 Ben got

pound350 (13) change coins from his pound60 and

his new (14) receipt recipe

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 47

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 4

1 Type 4 phrasal verbs have a verb + adverb + preposition The preposition has an object

Do you get on with your neighbours Weve run out ofsugar

2 The word order cannot change Do you get on with them

NOT 96 ytJtJ get 611 them with Weve run out ofit

NOT Weve ftIfJ eut it ef

3 Dictionaries show type 4 phrasal verbs by giving both the adverb and the preposition

get away with 5th

4 Sometimes a phrasal verb can be type 4 or type 1 Dictionaries show this

get on (with 5b) They got on well after five years working together They didnt get on with their noisy neighbours

I dont get on with my cousin

Paul

GETTING ON WITH

Complete the sentences with the combinations in the box

away with offwith (x 2) up for up with out of on with (x 2) out with (x 2) down on~

Joey Youve got a very guilty look on your face What naughty things have you been getting up to this time

2 The burglar broke into the house and made _____ a lot of jewellery

3 We must try to cut the amount of money we spend a month We spend more than we earn

4 Dont let me disturb you Carry your work

S Im sorry we didnt get into the cinema Ill take you to a restaurant to make it Does that cheer you up

6 There is a move in Britain to do cash transactions completely so that everyone uses a credit or debit card instead

7 Sams mean with money and hes always trying to get paying his fair share of the bills for the flat

8 I went _____Aimee for a pizza and then

she suddenly went my money I couldnt pay the bill

9 I cant stand my boss I cant put his rudeness a minute longer Im getting a new job

10 Judiths a very difficult person to get shy ____ Shes always having rows with people and falling _____ them

Judiths a very difficult person

We just dont

48 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

bull bull bull

listening 9 Not getting on

1 IDI Listen to the conversation and choose the best answer

Sophies annoyed 4 Anya wants Sophie to about 0 a 0 leave a 0 her friend b 0 be nice to her b 0 the evening c 0 tell her to stop it cD her boss

5 Sophie 2 Charlenes a D agrees to this

a D ignored her b 0 doesnt want to because b 0 been mean to her they are good friends c D laughed at her c 0 wants things to get

magically better 3 Charlenes

6 After talking to Annie a D out of work Sophie feels b 0 having problems

at work a 0 miserable

c 0 looking for a b 0 more cheerful new job cD annoyed

2 IDI Listen again and complete these sentences

Understatement

Im just thats all

2 She made remarks this evening

3 Shes been having recently

4 Its getting me I must say

S Our friendship lately

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers Find some examples of exaggeration

Pronunciation 10 Consonant dusters

English has many words with groups (or clusters) of consonants

happened Ihrepndl couldnt Ikodntl puzzles IpAzlzl

lUI Say these words from Unit 7 aloud and then transcribe them They all have consonant clusters

2

IdAZntl

IJodntl

7

8

IspeJII

Idremd3dl

3

4

5

6

ImAsntl

IpromIstl

Istrreptl

Idlstll)ktlil

9

10

11

12

IfIlelJnJlpl

IkAmftdbl1

IIksaltmdntl

IImprestl

11 Sentence stress liD Alan and Kevin are chatting about Frank Read the conversation aloud and mark the stress in Kevins responses

1 Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of

weight recently

Kevin Youre kidding If anything hes lost weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me

Kevin Well I know he earns a lot more than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a second-hand

Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a

brand new one

4 Alan

Kevin

Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are

designer labels

5 Alan

Kevin

Does Frank have many stocks and shares

He has loads of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin No in fact hes in Florida on holiday

7 Alan

Kevin

His new car is a big white Mercedes

Really The car I saw him in was a sporty little

Mercedes

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 49

Relative clauses Participles

Going to extremes

Defining and non-defining relative clauses Grammar Reference 81 Students Book p149

General knowledge quiz Test your general knowledge Tick () the correct answer

~ ~ - - - ~ - -~ - -

middot G~ne~pl K~~wledg~ QuJ~J)nmiddot ~_ - - _--~~_~~ ~lJJ_ t-lbt _)fA

extremes 1 Death Valley

a D which is in Arizona

b D which is in California

c D which is in Texas is officially the hottest place on Earth

2 Concorde was a D the fastest plane that has ever flown

b D the longest plane that has ever flown

c D the only commercial plane that could go faster than sound

3 Belgian Georges Simenon a D who was author of the Maigret detective stories 6 The highest waterfall in the world which is called

b D who was author ofthe Poirot detective stories a 0 the Angel Falls

e D who was author of the Philip Marlow detective stories b 0 the Niagara Falls

wrote over 450 books - the most prolific author e 0 the Victoria Falls

last century is in Venezuela

4 Kilimanjaro is a mountain in Tanzania 7 Bambuti pygmies who only live in the African rainforesta D which is also the highest summit in AtTica and Asia a 0 are the tallest people in the worldb D which is also the highest summit in AtTica b D are the smallest people in the worlde D which is also the highest summit in the world e 0 are the thinnest people in the world

5 The tallest building that was built last century was 8 The driest place on Earth is the Atacama Deserta D the Sears tower in Chicago

a 0 which is in Egyptb D the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur b 0 which is in Europee D the lin Mao building in Shanghai e 0 which is in Chile

50 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

2 Defining or non-defining Decide if these sentences are best completed with a defining relative clause (D) or a non-defining relative clause (ND) Write Dor ND in the boxes

1 c=J Id love to meet someone _______

2 c=J Were looking for a house _______

3 C=J We went to see Romeo and Juliet _____

4 c=J Do you know a shop _________

5 c=J Abraham Lincoln - ________

________died at the theatre

6 cJ I find people difficult to

get on with

7 cJ My computer ___________

is already out of date

8 c=J I met a girl ____________

9 cJ Professor James Williams _______

_______ will give a talk next week

10 cJ I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich ___

2 l1li Complete the sentences in exercise 1with this information Add a relative pronoun and commas where necessary Leave out the relative pronoun if possible

You went to school with her

I ate it immediately

It has four bedrooms

I bought it just last year

They lose their temper

It sells second-hand furniture

He was President of the United States

This person could teach me how to cook

I really enjoyed it

Many people consider him to be the worlds expert on volcanoes

3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun Add commas to these sentences if they have a non-defining relative clause Cross out the pronoun if possible in the defining relative clauses

Sheila who I first got to know at university was one of six children

2 The man wIw you were talking to is a famous artist

3 This is the story that amazed the world (no change)

4 The thing that I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 The town where I was born has changed dramatically

7 I didnt like the clothes which were in the sale

8 Salt that comes from the sea is considered to be the best for cooking

9 Salt whose qualities have been known since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD that I bought yesterday doesnt work

11 The part of Europe where Id most like to live is Portugal

12 The Algarve where my mothers family comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 51

4 All relative pronouns Match a line in A with a line in B

A B - - shy

Have I told you recently when you expect to arrive

2 I have to do where my brother lives

3 We were stuck in traffic for which came as abit of a surprise seven hours whose hair came down to

4 Were emigrating to Canada her waist

S I met agirl how much I miss you

6 I passed all my exams whatever you want

7 Let me know which was anightmare

8 Being generous Ill buy you what I believe to be right

2 Complete the sentences with a relative pronoun If the pronoun can be omitted add nothing

The lady is sitting in the wheelchair is my grandmother

2 I know an Italian restaurant ___ serves excellent pasta

3 I know an Italian restaurant you can always get a table

4 Uncle Tom earns a fortune ___ is why rve asked him to lend me pound 1 000

5 Sean is a child ___ people immediately like

6 My daughter ambition is to emigrate to Australia has finally got her visa

7 I gave him a glass of water he drank thirstily

8 The flight we wanted to get was fully booked

9 My aunties house is the place I feel most at home

10 This is the smallest car has ever been made

11 Thats the man wife got angry with him because he kept his motorbike in their bedroom

12 I love the stories you wrote for me

13 I go shopping at the new shopping centre ___ theres always free parking

14 She told me shed been widowed ___I didnt realize

15 ___ you do dont touch that button The machine will explode

5 Prepositions in relative clauses Combine the sentences keeping the preposition after the verb in the relative clause

I want you to meet the people 1 work with them

Iwant you to meet the people work with

2 Shes a friend I can always rely on her

3 Thats the man The police were looking for him

4 She recommended a book by Robert Palmer rd never heard of him

5 You paid pound400 for a suit It has been reduced to pound200 The suit ______________

6 This is the book I was telling you about it

7 The college Principal gave a good speech I agree with his views

8 He spoke about the environment I care deeply about this

9 Whats that music Youre listening to it

10 My mother died last week I looked after her for many years

52 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Participles Grammar Reference 82 Students Book p150

6 Participles as adjectives Complete the adjectives with -ed or -ing

a shockmg story

2 a reserved seat

3 screalll-- children

4 a satisL- customer

7 Participle clauses 1 Rewrite the sentences with a present or past participle clause instead

of a relative clause

Can you see the woman whos dressed in red over there

Can you see the woman dressed in red over there

2 People who live in blocks of flats often complain of loneliness

3 Letters that are posted before 5 pm should arrive the next day

4 The train that is standing on platform 5 is for Manchester

5 a disgust--- meal 5 Firemen have rescued passengers who were trapped in the accident

6 a confus __ explanation

7 a house in an expoamp-- position 6 They live in a lovely house that overlooks the River Thames

8 a concei~ person

9 a frighteI1- film 7 It took workmen days to clear up the litter that was dropped by the crowds

10 an exhausL-- walk

11 disappoint--- exam results

12 a tir __ journey

13 an unexpecL- surprise

14 disturb__ news

15 a thril~ story

16 a rel3X-- holiday

17 a disappoinL- customer

18 well-behav__ children

19 a promiamp-- start

20 a cake load __ with calories

2 Complete the sentences with a verb from the box in either its present or past participle form

feel borrow explain say ftfffl study finish take know steal

1 Jo was in a bad mood for the whole week completely ruining our holiday

2 After her exams Maggie went out to celebrate

3 Jewellery in the robbery has never been recovered

4 I got a letter from the Tax Office that lowe them pound1000

5 _____ hungry I decided to make myself a sandwich

6 Books _____ from the library must be returned in two weeks

7 Not what to do she burst out crying

8 I had a long talk to Jack why it was important for him to work hard

9 everything into consideration Ive decided to give you a second chance

10 With both children _____at university the house seems really quiet

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 53

------ ------ -- ------ ------ -- --- ----- -- ------ -- ------ -- -- -- --- -------------------- ------- ---- ----

Revision of relatives and participles 8 The thri II seeker

II1D Read and complete the article with the clauses in the box

Relative clause

a where temperatures drop to -7tC

b who battles with

c who sees that as achallenge

d that nature ever invented

e in which there is a lake of boiling lava

f where everyone else is

g no-one has done before

h youve never heard of before

which unexpectedly develops

Past participle

j otherwise known as

k Trapped for five days

Present participle

I before heading for the high winds

m starting this Monday on the Discovery Channel

n getting right inside the 150mph winds

-

He laughs in the face of common sense He is DANGERMAN It helps to be fearless

So says Dangennan (1) __ extreme adventure cameraman Geoff Mackley

(2) __ some of the most inhospitable weather conditions and desolate

places (3) __ What drives the New Zealander to do it

There arent many places left where no-one has ever been or things (4) __

and Im one of those people (5) __ I he says

See for yourself in his series of adventures (6) __

EPISODE 1 The Perfect Storm bull Dangerman chases after major typhoons first in Asia (7) __ of North Carolina and

finally (8) __ of Hurricane Isabel

EPISODE 2 The Deep Freeze bull In the coldest town on earth in Northern Siberia (9) __ Dangerman and extreme

survival expert Mark Whetu become the first people to camp outside

EPISODE 3 The Craters Edge bull Dangerman climbs down into avolcano (lO) __ and gets caught in a tropical storm

(II) __ into acyclone (12) __ with no food or water he survives torrential rain l violent winds and clouds of toxic gas

bull Dangerman says Who wants to be (13) __ Its the thrit of finding aplace (14) __

More people have landed on the moon than have been to these places I

~================

54 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Vocabulary 9 People places and things

Complete the table with these descriptive adjectives Put six in each group

oospeHt stubborn breathtaking thrilled spoilt aggressive picturesque automatic hand-made deserted exhausted accurate waterproof desolate long-lasting priceless easy-going overcrowded

People Places Things

ungpoilt

2 Complete the sentences with an adjective from exercise 1

The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely _____

fantastic scenery as far as the eye could see

2 These flowers are quite if you keep the vase full of water and in the shade

3 The new car we bought is fully I dont want to change gears when Im driving any more

4 Youre good to be on holiday with Youre very _____

and dont worry about anything

5 The countryside we camped in was completely _____ not a person a gift shop or a caravan site for miles

6 The Cotswolds is an area in England which is very _____

It has Jots of pretty old-fashioned villages and beautiful green countryside

7 Their child is really _____ He wont do a thing they tell him

I think its because hes They give him everything he asks for

8 That bag youre looking at is _____ Look at the quality of

the work

9 The beach was seriously There was no room to put our towels down So we hired a boat and sailed along the coast until we found a tiny one which was completely We were the only ones on it

10 Nouns in groups

look at these examples of number +

noun + noun athree-mile walk asixteen-rear-old girl aten-hour flight

These are expressions of measurement before a noun The number and the first nOlln are joined with a hyphen and the first noun is usually in the singular

Put the information before the noun

1 a note that is worth ten pounds

2 a language course that lasts four weeks

3 a drive that takes three hours

4 a meal that consists of three courses

5 a holiday that lasts two weeks

6 a delay at the airport that went on for two hours

7 a letter that goes on for ten pages

8 a university course that takes three years

9 a prison sentence of ten years

10 a hotel with five stars

11 a speed limit of 30 miles an hour

12 a house that was built two hundred years ago

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 55

Prepositions 11 Adjective + preposition

Complete these sentences with the correct preposition

Are you afraid the dark

2 She was angry me not telling her the news

3 Dubai is famous its architecture

4 Bill is jealous me because Im cleverer than him

5 Im very proud __ my two daughters

6 Im disappointed you I thought I could

trust you

7 Youre very different ___ your brother I thought youd be similar e(1ch other

8 Are you excited ___ going on holiday

9 Visitors to Britain arent used --- driving on the left

10 Visitors to hot countries need to be aware --- the risk of malaria

11 You should be ashamed what you did

12 I am most grateful --- all your help

13 Who is responsible ___ this mess

14 Whats wrong --- you You dont look well

15 My son is crazy ___ a rock group called

The Hives

Pronunciation 12 Silent consonants 1 English words often have silent consonants

~no~ fvrite walk clim~

l1li Complete the table with these words Cross out the silent consonants

fflEfttstty executive h6rtffi inhabitant receipt distinctly rebuilt fasten eccentric insect lamp sumptuous exhausted whistle straight anonymous citizen fascinating delighted documentary landscape temperature business debt

II A B all consonants pronounced some consonants

not pronounced 1shy

indumv lWned

2 DB Write these words They all have silent consonants

1 Isal~n tJflkl 6 naltme~1

2 Isalkol~03Istl 7 Iklalml

3 hrens~ml 8 lgrrenfoo~1

4 InsitI 9 lwenzdeII

5 IkwalJI LO Ikoml

56 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

vV ~

Expressing habit get and be

Things aint what they used to be

Present and past habit Grammar Reference Students Book p150

Present habit 2 Past habit Match a sentence in A with a sentence in B 1 Complete the sentences with the correct

form of used to positive question or negativeA 8

1shy -1 D Shes really generous

2 D Hes so disorganized 3 D Shes very fashionable

4 D Hes so dishonest 5 D Shes so sensitive

6 D Hes really stubborn

7 0 Shes so rude

8 0 Theyre so spoilt 9 0 Shes very energetic

10 0 Hes very ambitious

a

b

c

d

e f

g h

Hes always applying for new jobs

She never thinks before she speaks

He wont ever change his mind

Shes always buying me presents

Hes always telling lies Shell only wear designer clothes

He never finishes anything he starts Shell start crying at the slightest thing

They get everything they ask for

She jogs to work every day

There _____ be a beautiful old building where that car park is now

2 have a Saturday job when you were at school

3 She be so moody Its only since she lost her job

4 _____ play cricket when you were at school

S My grandfather never _____ get so out of breath when he climbed the stairs

2 Write more sentences like those in column B above Use either the Present Simple always + Present Continuous or will 6 Julie be as slim as she is

now Shes been dieting Shes very fussy about her food ~he Hever eats aHvtfljng you make forher 7 Where go out to eat when 2 Hes really arrogant

you lived in Madrid 3 She adores ice-cream

8 smoke 60 cigarettes a day 4 He hates all sport How did you give up

S Theyre shopping mad

6 Hes a real computer nerd )ad jou I~ot UJ 0)

0w Clj s 0 sec t-o a 0 V 3 f u V 5-asf-e(

7 Shes a telly addict

tmiddotM e a lt3 0 8 Hes really easy-going tA at

9 Their children are very rude

10 Hes very kind

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 57

2 Which of the verb forms can complete the sentences below Tick (I) all possible answers

___ long blonde hair when I was first married

a0had b[Z]used to have cDwould have

2 We ___ Auntie Jean every time we went to London

a0 visited b0 used to visit cDwould visit

3 Pam ___ in a bank for six months but then she got an amazing new job

aD worked b Dused to work cDwould work

4 We coffee and croissants every morning for breakfast

a D had b D used to have cD would have

S We to each other every day when we were apart

aD wrote bDused to write cDwould write

6 He to me for 2S years and then stopped

a Dwrote b Dused to write c Dwould write

7 In the old days people you if you were in trouble

aDhelped bDused to help cDwouid help

8 living so close to the sea

a D loved bD used to love cDwould love

9 Dave Mike three times if he wanted to go to the match with him

aD asked b D used to ask cDwould ask

10 I questions in class I was too shy

a D never asked bD never used to ask cDwould never ask

sa Unit 9

3 Annoying behaviour 1 Tick (I) the sentences where the speaker is annoyed by

someones behaviour

D He watches all the sports programmes on TV 2 D Hes always watching sports programmes on TV

3 D Shed give us extra lessons after school 4 D She would give us extra lessons after school S D She was always giving us extra lessons 6 D She used to give us extra lessons

7 D The cat always sleeps on the sofa 8 D The cat will sleep on the sofa

9 D The cats always sleeping on the sofa

2 Rewrite the sentences so that they express a criticism

My familys bad habits

1 My dad mends his motorbike in the living room

2 My brother leaves the top off the toothpaste

3 My sister often borrows my clothes without asking

4 Uncle Tom smokes cigars in the kitchen

5 My grandpa used to eat toast in bed

6 My grandma didnt use to turn on her hearing aid

4 getandbe

1 Compare these sentences

Dont worry Youll soon getUHd to working such long hours tam used to working long hours rve done it for years

He eventuallygot used to the tropical climate but it took a long time t was born in India so fm uslaquol to ahot climate

Get used to means become used to and describes a change of state Be used to describes a state

2 Get can be used with other past participles and adjectives to describe changes of state

The seas pttingrough Lets go back

We got lost on the mountain

We got married last week

3 Get can sometimes be used with an infinitive to talk about a gradual change

As I got to know Paris Istarted to like itmore and more r m sure the kids will soon get to like each other

The change doesnt have to be gradual It can be sudden

Shell be furious ifshe gets tohear about this

Complete the sentences with used to be used to or get used to in the correct form positive or negative

If you Indian food this dish might be too spicy for you

2 Ill never your hair that short Youll have to grow it again

3 A How do you drive in all this traffic

B I it now so its OK But it took me a while to all the cars lanes and bad tempers believe me

4 Tom didnt like his new school at first but he

eventually it and made new friends

5 I jog every morning but I dont any more Im so unfit now

6 When I was a boy I like going to

piano lessons so I stopped Now Im in my forties Ive started learning again

7 Sally wont find it easy to go on a diet She _____ having three spoonfuls of sugar in her tea and coffee

8 A I hate my new job

B Give it a chance You may _____ it after

youve been there a bit longer

9 ____you watch old cowboy films

on the TV when you were young

lOA ____ you your new teacher

yet I know you didnt like her much at first

B Well I have a bit Shes OK I suppose

2 Complete the sentences with get or be in the correct form and a word or expression from the box

better ready (x 2) dressed dark tired to like to know a pilot lost upset married

I often when I watch the news Such awful things are happening in the world

2 A How are you feeling

B I slowly but I still feel weak

3 My little nephew is determined ______

when he grows up

4 A Come on Helen The play starts in half an hour

B I in two minutes I just --____ and putting my shoes on

A I dont know why it takes you so long I ______ since 600

5 A Do we turn right or left at the next junction

B Ive no idea I think we ______

6 A Did you hear that Sue and Chris

B Well I always thought they would make a perfect couple

7 I didnt use to like Mick at all but the more I - _____ him the more I ______

him Now hes my best friend

8 Can we stop walking for a minute I need a rest 1______

9 In England in summer it is still light at 900 in the evening but in winter it at 500

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 59

5 Henrys pound45 million secret 1 Read the story of Henry WardleWhich of the

verbs in italics

can change to both would or used to 2 can change only to used to 3 must stay in the Past Simple

Put the correct number 1-3 next to the letters

Henrys pound45 million secret The villagers in Middleton Yorkshire often (a) __

worried about poor old Henry Wardle Henry 86

(b) __ lived alone except for his ancient cat Tiddles

in a tiny one-bedroomed cottage and always (c) __

asked for credit when buying cat food in the local shop

Then last month Henry (d) __ died leaving 45 million

pounds in his will The truth was that Henry was a

multi-millionaire and he (e) __ owned houses all

over the country from which he (f) __ made a fortune in

rent All this came as a complete shock to his neighbours

They believed that Henry (g) __ was a poor window

cleaner and indeed he often (h) __ entertained them

with tales from his window-cleaning days

However his brother Mr Sam Wardle 82 said that

this was all nonsense Henry had never been a window

cleaner but had started work at the age of fourteen as a

bricklayer Then when he was 30 he (i) _ bought his

first house and after that he frequently (j) _ bought

and sold houses Sam says that his brothers only interest

was making money but he (k) __ hated spending it He

(1) -- didnt spend a penny of his own money unless he

had to Henry never once (m) __ had a holiday but for

many years he (n) _ had a fiancee a lady called Betty

Barraclough but he (0) __ decided not tomiddotmarry her

because a wife was too expensive

Henry (p) _left his pound45000000 to Tiddles and a

local cat charity His friends and family received nothing

2 Here are some sentences about Henry Complete them with one suitable word from the box

use used(x2) would didnt to always never

The villagers _____ to believe all Henrys lies

2 The shopkeeper _____ frequently give Henry credit

3 Henrys neighbours were used _____ hearing stories about his work as a window cleaner

4 In fact he _______ use to work as a window cleaner

S He liked making money but he didnt ______ to like spending it

6 Sam must have got to his brothers mean ways over the years

7 Henry was buying and selling houses

8 Henry used to go on holiday

60 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Phrasal verbs 8 Phrasal verbs and nouns that go together 1 Some phrasal verbs have a strong association with certain

objects set out on a journey work out the solution to a problem Match a verb with an object There may be more than one answer but there is one that is best

10 come up with a someone you respect 20 break into b a naughty child 30 breakoff c aproblem acomplaint adifficult customer 40 telloff d the other people in the group

50 bringup e a university course after one year 60 counton f asolution to aproblem 70 dealwith g your best friend to help you 80 drop out of h children to be honest and hard-working 90 fit in with ahouse aflat to steal something

10 0 look up to j afact that someone might not be aware of 11 0 point out k what Isaid -I didnt mean it 12 0 take back an engagement

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb from exercise 1

The thieves _____ the warehouse and stole goods worth pound20000

2 He his elder sister because she always seemed so wise and experienced

3 I accused you of being mean the other day 1___

it all Im sorry

4 I hadnt noticed that the living room was a different colour until someone it to me

5 Scientists will have to new methods of increasing the worlds food supply

6 She Tom because he hit his sister

7 You have a problem with your order madam Ill just get someone to it for you

8 I had a new student today He seems very nice Im sure hell the rest of the class just fine

9 Why did you university after just one term What are you going to do now

10 Im running for President I hope I can - ____ your support

11 My parents me _____ to finish all the food on my plate

12 Charles is miserable Penelope their engagement last week for some reason

62 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Listening 9 A small disagreement

1 lID Listen to the conversation and choose the best answers to these questions

What are the people arguing about a D Nick doesnt want Fiona to watch a sitcom

on TV

b D Fiona thinks Nicks TV detective programmes are rubbish

c D Nick and Fiona cant agree on which TV programmes to watch these days

2 How do they resolve their disagreement a D Theyre going to watch a detective

programme together

b D They are going to rent more DVDs c D Nick is going to watch a sitcom with Fiona

2 Tick (I) the phrases you hear for making a point

1 0 The point is that 2 0 If you want my opinion bull 3 D Another thing is that 4 0 To tell you the truth bull 5 0 As far as Im concerned 6 0 Ifyou ask me 7 0 Thats not the point 8 0 The point Im trying to make is that 9 D I suppose the problem is that

10 D But the main point is that

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers

Pronunciation 10 Weak and strong forms

lID Auxiliary verbs have weak and strong forms depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed

1 Sometimes the weak form is a contraction he is = hes she does not shedoesnt Ihavenot =Ihavent

2 Sometimes the weak form is a change in the vowel sound This is often a change to I~

Weak Strong Weak to It)l Itu1 for If)l

of I)vi lovl from Ifr)m

at l~tI lretl

Stronl IfJI

Ifroml

-

was

Weak Iw)zi Was Tom there

Strong

Iwozi Yes he was

were Iw~1

Were you there IW31 Yes we were

can Ik~nl

Can you swim keen (cant =kontJ) Yes Iean

been Ibml rve been shopping

Ibinl Where have you been

Some prepositions also have weak and strong vowel sounds

lID all auxiliaries and prepositions with weak vowel sounds Underline all those with strong vowels

1 IQwant see him but I sure you want to

2 She isnt going to learn from this experience but

he is

3 Ive heard that youre thinking of moving from

London Are you

4 They have dinner at seven dont they

5 Youll be able to get a ticket for me wont you

6 Ive got no idea who this letters from

7 Cant you remember who Bill used to work for

8 Ive been waiting for you to come Where were you

9 Wed been looking forward to coming for ages then

at the last minute we werent able to

lO Wont you sit down for a couple of minutes

2 l1li Read the telephone conversation between two friends and transcribe As lines Add punctuation to make the meaning clear

A wot ~ ju dUIJ) ~t ~~ wikend

B I havent decided yet

A WI~ g~ulJ) t~ skotl~nd dju won~ kAm tu

B Id love to Where are you staying

A wiv dlsaldld t~ kremp nAn ~v AS k~n ~f~d t~ pel f~r~ h~otell

B Camping in Scotland in October Youll be freezing cold

A n~u wi w~unt wiv got strolJ tents lots ~v w~m kl~uz ~n fhk sliplTJ bregz

B Have you checked the weather forecast

A Jv klS wi hrev ~nd Its pnti w~m f~r Dkt~ub~

B OK then Itll be quite an adventure

A eks~l~nt ad tel 01 AOOZ red bi dIlaltoo WI~1 plk ju Ap ~t slks on fraldeI si jo ~en gudball

B Bye

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel 63

Revision of modals Grammar Reference Students Book p151

Present to past Rewrite the sentences to make them refer to the past

I must post the letters

Ihad to pod the letter~

2 I have to take the pills three times a day

3 They must be away on holiday

4 We cant see the top of the mountain

5 He cant be a millionaire

6 We mustnt shout in the classroom

7 He wont go to bed

8 That will be John on the phone

9 You should be more careful

10 You could help with the washing-up for a change

Modal auxiliary verbs in the past

Risking tife and limb

Modal verbs of probability 2 How certain 1 0IiI Decide on the degree of certainty in these sentences Put two ticks

(~I) if the idea expressed is certain Put one tick (I) if it is less certain

1 [ZZJ You must have seen him at the cinema I know he was there 2 [lJ The boy is really dirty He might have swum in the lake 3 cJ He cant have been telling the truth 4 cJ He might have left a message on your mobile S cJ I dont know where she is She may have gone shopping 6 cJ She must have been very upset when you told her the news 7 c=J Theyre not answering their phone They must have gone away already 8 cJ I dont see their car They cant have come back yet 9 c=J Its six oclock Tom will have gone home by now

10 cJ Michael isnt here - he might have thought you werent coming and gone to the cinema by himself

11 CJ I could have cancelled the meeting if Id known earlier 12 cJ Ianll be back soon Its Friday Hell have gone to the shop after work

2 Make sentences from the table

can If I go to India I will see the

If I went to India I may might

Taj Mahal

have seen the If Id gone to India I would Taj Mahal

could

1 2 ________________________~

3

4

5 ______~~~~~~ __~---

64 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

3 Past probability I Write sentences for the situations below using the 2 Write sentences for the situations below using the

information in the box information in the box in the perfect infinitive passive

He

She

They

must have

cant have

might have

cut it

gone

mislaid

arrived home

got engaged

had

been doing

been making

acake

guests last night

to Andy

something naughty

for ages

without me

by now

my number

watered by the wind

It

They

must have been

cant have been

washed

hit

blown down

by astone

properly

recently

repaired while we were away

dry-cleaned with something red

1 Stellas wearing a beautiful diamond ring

2 Look at the length of the grass in Bills garden

3 The children ran away laughing and giggling

4 Theres flour on grandmas nose

5 Paulo and Geri said theyd wait for me but I cant see them

6 Klauss flat is so clean and tidy

7 Its after midnight Henri and Sally left ages ago

8 I dont know why Tara didnt ring

1 A tree has fallen across the road

2 My white jeans have turned pink

3 My TV has broken and Ive only just had it fixed

4 Davids suit looks a bit dirty now

5 All the flowers in the garden have died

6 The car windscreen is broken

~MEONt MU5T ~VE PLANTED THeM THERE

Unrr 10 bull Risking life and limb 65

4 Past modals of deduction Complete the conversations with the correct form of the verbs in brackets

A I wonder how the thief got into our apartment

B He ( 1) (could use) the fire escape or he

(2) (might climb up) that tree

A Well he (3) ______ (need not bother) Theres

nothing to steal

2 A Bill told me that hed spent pound2000 on a birthday present for

his wife but he (4) (must joke) Surely

he (5) (can not spend) that much

B I think you (6) ______ (might mishear) him

3 A Its three thirty Mum and Dads plane landed over an hour

ago They (7) (should phone)

B They (8) (may be delayed) No

look Theyre driving up now You (9) ______

(need not worry)

4 A Youre very sunburnt You (10)______ (should

not burn) if youd used your factor 30 suncream

B I (11) (must fall) asleep And

1(12) ______ (can not put on) enough cream

Ouch

5 Past modals - various uses Choose the correct answer

Im sorry I shouldnt have couldnt have told Tom what you said about him

2 A Wheres the cat

B Dont know He may have II have gone into the garden

A No I remember Its Tuesday isnt it Mum should have II have taken him to the vet

3 A Are Pat and Jan definitely coming Id have might have thought theyd have arrived by now

B They should have could have been held up by traffic dont you think

A Or they might have neednt have had an accident

B Dont be silly Anyway wed have must have heard by now if something like that had happened

A Well I neednt have mustnt have prepared lunch so early And I think they should have may have rung if they knew they were going to be late

4 A Who was that man

B He cant have must have been a friend of Jims He was asking if rd seen him

The Famous Three ~

Young friends

rescue fall

victim in the

nick of time

6 The Famous Three 1 Read the article and choose the correct answers

The article is called The Famous Three because

a D the children are now famous after rescuing the woman

b 0 the children are similar to another group ofchildren in an adventure story

2 Mrs Hauton the injured woman had been in the woods for

a D twenty-four hours

b D two nights

3 In hospital Mrs Hauton

a D recognized and thanked the children b D had difficulty remembering the

accident

2 Complete the article putting the modals and verbs in brackets in the past Sometimes you need to use the continuous infinitive

66 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

Im sure that the fictional Famous Five invented by

childrens story writer Enid Blyton (1)______

(will be) proud of these three children

The three young friends were walking in the

woods when they saw a hand mysteriously poking

through the undergrowth and decided to investigate

Alison Bailey 15 followed her brother Simon and

his friend Liam Stone both 11 into the bushes and

found an injured woman She (2) _____

(must lie) there for more than a day

Yesterday paramedics praised the children

for saving Mrs Hautons life They said she (3)

______(can not survive) another

night outside

It is believed that Mrs Hauton (4) ____~-

(may have) a seizure while out for a walk last

Wednesday She then (5) (must fall)

and slipped down the bank

Alison said The lady (6) ______

(can hear) us and reached her hand out But she

could hardly speak and she was shaking She

(7) (will get) very cold overnight

She kept repeating that she wanted to get up but

I said that she should stay still because she

(8) (can break) her back I kept

talking to her until the ambulance arrived I (9)

_____(must talk) non-stop for at least

half an hour

Simon and Liam added We were scared stitT at

first but we (10) (need not be) Then

we ran to call an ambulance Were glad we helped

She (11) (might die)

In true Enid Blyton style the three rescuers have

been to hospital to see Mrs Hauton who is indeed

recovering from back injuries and hypothermia Alison

said We popped in to see the lady at the weekend

She still wasnt sure why she was in hospital She

(12) (must be) very confused when she

woke up She looked a lot better though

Ambulanceman Gary Smart said The children

were very quick-thinking They did everything exactly

as they (13) (should do) And if

Mrs Hauton had spent any more time in the woods

it (14) (can be) fatal

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 67

Vocabulary 7 Revision body idioms ~ Complete the conversation with the correct form of body idioms from the box

head for business give her a hand face the fact heart-to-heart heart of gold hands full heart sharp tongue put a brave face pull my leg

A Hows your little sister getting on with your parents these days Better

B Yes a lot better They had a big (1) talk at the weekend and that helped

A So what was the problem then

B Well for one thing since I moved into my own flat Ive had my (2) with sorting it all out so I havent been home My sisters having to (3) that shes the only child left at home nowl Also my parents wanted her to go to university She tried but her (4) wasnt in it She wants to open her own shop

A Yes shes got a very good (5) hasnt she

B Yes shes always been good with money Anyway she told my parents that they were putting too much pressure on her

A Oh deart Your poor parents Shes always had a bit of a (6) hasnt she

B Yes but she doesnt really mean it Underneath she has a (7) Shes very kind really

A Oh I know But how did your parents react

B Well I think they (8) on it but they were really hurt Anyway she apologized And now - guess what Theyre all

going into business together I A What I dont believe it Youre (9) _____

B No its trUel Her shop opens in three months and my parents are going to (10) with running it

A Thats greatl

8 1

2

Physical appearance or personality Write these adjectives in the correct columns Careful One adjective can go in both columns

moody big-headed brainy graceful wrinkled qUick-thinking skinny nosy bald cheeky well-buitt narrow-minded affectionate smart curly hard-hearted

ILhyskal appearance Personality

Complete the sentences with the parts of the body in the box used as verbs

arm elbow eye foot hand head shoulder thumb

The teacher out the exam papers and told the class to begin writing

2 I managed to my way to the front of the crowd so I got a good view of the procession

3 I havent read the magazine yet I just _ ____through it to see if there were any interesting pictures

4 We all the new member of the class with curiosity We were eager to see what she was like

S They ordered the most expensive things on the menu because they knew that I -----thebill

6 In the final seconds of the match Benson _____the ball into the back of the net making it one-nil

7 Policemen with guns in many countries

8 Id hate to be Managing Director I dont think I could the responsibility of making so many important decisions

Prepositions 9 Verb + preposition

Complete the sentences with a verb in its correct form and a preposition

I ~

Verbs

thaAIE forgive -

Prepositions

into of -

accuse hide at on

trick

congratulate

hold

inherit

for

from

to

shout model

invite remind

He tltaftbtJ the nurse tor all her help

2 You me so much __ your

father You look just like him

3 Everyone me __ passing my driving test at the fourth attempt

4 My teenage daughter always _____

herself __ her latest pop idol Shes bought a jacket just like his

S Dont the truth __ me I want to know everything

6 He picked up the crying baby and --___her tightly __his chest

7 Weve_____ 300 guests __our

wedding

8 I think that TV ads people __ buying things that they dont really want

9 Ididnt_____apenny __ mygreat

uncle when he died

10 The spectators abuse __ the referee when he disallowed the goal

11 How can I ever _____ him__

telling me all those lies

12 by my employers __

stealing which I strongly denied

Pronunciation 10 Rhymes and limericks 1 om Make rhyming pairs with the words from the box

good chief court deaf fool mud height lose knew knows grieve put reign said pour weight wool

should ludl good leaf lifl

bread ledl taught I)tl

choose luzJ chef lefl

toes l~ozJ through lu1

hate leltl wore 1)1

tight laItl brain leml

full loll leave livl

pool lu11 foot loti

blood IAdl

2 OIIJ Limericks are short poems with a distinctive rhythm The lines rhyme AABBA Transcribe the lines written in phonetics in these two limericks

MY frientJ An exceedingly fat friend of mine

When asked at what hour hed dine ---~ Replied At hlev~n

At leri falv ~n sev~n

And eight and a Ikw)t~ pas nam

Ih e gour~et A gourmet dining at Crewe

Found a rather Ilad3 mausl in his stew

Said the waiter Dont IJauti

And Iwelvl it about

Or the rest will be wanting one tu

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 69

Hypothesis unless supposing in case

In your dreams

Real time or unreal time Grammar Reference Students Book plSl

Real or hypothetical past 1 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Simple Tick (I) those

that refer to real past time What do the others refer to

1 0 Did you see Lorenzo when you were in Italy 2 0 I wish I worked in the open air

3 0 If you didnt smoke you wouldnt cough so much 4 0 When we lived in London wed always travel by bus S 0 Id rather we lived in a small country town 6 0 Its time we had a new car

7 D If only you were always as happy as you are today 8 0 Why didnt you come to the coffee bar

2 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Perfect Tick (I) those that express reality and cross (X) those which dont

1 0 I wish Id said that 2 D She asked me if I had known him for a long time 3 0 If I hadnt been so nervous I would have passed the exam

4 0 If only youd arrived five minutes earlier SOl woke up and realized it had all been a terrible dream

6 0 What if they hadnt agreed to give you a pay rise

7 0 Had the water risen a bit more our house would have been flooded

8 0 She told me shed been given a car for her birthday

3 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb which expresses reality

I wish you didnt bite your nails but you do

2 I wish I earned more but I _____

3 I should have listened to their advice but I _____

4 If only I could speak Spanish but I _____

S If only he werent so selfish but he ---- shy

6 I wish my car would start but it _____

7 I wish you didnt argue all the time but you ---- shy

8 If only I hadnt been fired but I ---- shy

9 I wish I had a flat of my own but 1_____

70 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Wishes and regrets 2 Present and past wishes

1 Use the words from the columns to make as many correct and logical sentences as you can

were

I wish you I

could would

come rich

had

2 Choose the correct alternative in the following sentences Sometimes two are possible

1 I really wish I can could was able to speak another language

2 I wish it wasnt wouldnt be isnt so cold I hate the winter

3 Its time we have had have had a holiday

4 Our holiday was a disaster Id rather we didnt go hadnt gone werent going

S The play was brilliant after you left You should stay had stayed have stayed longer

6 I wish you dont speak didnt speak wouldnt speak so quickly I cant follow you

7 What were you doing on that wall Supposing youd had would have hadnt had an accident

8 Shed rather her grandchildren live lived had lived nearer Then she could see them more often

3 Expressions of regret 1 Rewrite the sentences so they have similar meanings

using the words in brackets

1 Im sorry I didnt invite him to lunch (wish)

2 Why werent you watching the road (should)

3 I regret saying that to her (If only)

4 I shouldnt have hit him (wish)

5 I dont want you to tell her ( d rather)

6 I dont like it when Meg stays out so late (wish)

7 I regret I didnt work harder for my exams (should)

2 Write sentences to express these peoples wishes and regrets Use the expressions from exercise 1

2

3 4

5 6

4 What I wish Id known IIJD Read the article and put one word from the box into each gap

What I wish Id known when Iwas 20

have would should wish only could

Annette Newman 43 MOTHER AND TEACHER

I (1) Id realized how much

Itook my mother for granted at that age

If (2) she (3) have

Itved to see me with my own children Im sure

she(4) have said I told you so

and Iwould (5) replied Sorry Mum

I (6) have listened to you more I

had no idea that being amother was such hard

work

imagine could unless have hadnt wouldnt had would

Simon Hewitt 55 ACCOUNTS MANAGER

Iwish I (7) ____ been so painfully

shy when Iwas in my teens and twenties

I (8J go out or do anything

(9) I really had to Ifonly someone

(10) have told me that I needed to

make myself go out and meet people and that it

(11) gradually get easier Ihave a

nice life now but (12) Iconquered

my shyness earlier (13) the life

Icould (14) had

if s realized could had hadnt

Jame Garner 31 LANDSCAPE GARDENER

I left school with no qualifications feeling an

academic failure Iwish I (15) known

then that I (16) have adecent career

in gardening It (17) time that more

young people [ 18) that success

can be achieved without passing exams And

(19J I (20) eventually

realized that my love ofptants could get me the

job of my dreams Iwould still be moving from

one dead-end job to another

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 71

----------

--------

Third conditional 1 iIID May Brown is a sales execu tive for a leading

cosmetics company Read about her disastrous day and complete the sentences below

A disastrous day for

May

L ast Sunday night May forgot to set her alarm clock so she overslept and was an hour late for

work Mays boss Ms Collins called her into the office and told her that because she was late again she couldnt go on a planned business trip to Dubai the following week Ms Collins said that shed decided to send a more reliable person May was so upset about missing her business trip that she locked herself in the ladies restroom and cried her heart out Also she completely forgot that she had arranged to meet her friend Nell for lunch at an Italian restaurant

Eventually she dried her eyes and returned to her desk She looked at her computer screen It was totally out of focus Had it broken She asked a colleague but he said that he couldnt see anything wrong with it Then May realized what had happened

The computermiddot was all right but she wasnt Shed lost one of her contact lenses in the restroom

At last the day ended Without her contact lens May had to get the bus home and leave her car at work because she couldnt see to drive She waited at the bus stop for over an hour in the pouring rain and didnt get home until 8 oclock There she was greeted by a message from Nell on her answering machine

72 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

May wouldnt have overslept if ________

2 Her business trip wouldnt have been cancelled if

3 If she hadnt been so upset she _______

restroom and she _______ Nell for lunch

4 If shed met Nell for lunch

5 If she hadnt cried so much ________

6 She could have driven home if

7 If shed driven home ___________

8 She wouldnt have caught cold if _______

9 Nell wouldnt have ended their friendship if___

10 If shed remembered to feed the cat ______

Nell was very angry and reminded May that this was the third time she had forgotten to meet her She said that she clearly didnt care about her and this was the end of their friendship May was heartbroken In tears for the second time that day she decided to go to bed before anything else could go wrong However she forgot to feed the cat

The next day with a streaming cold she went downstairs to make herself a cup of tea and found bird feathers everywhere The poor hungry cat had eaten the canary Poor canary May went back to bed and pulled the covers over her head

2 to excuses

6wouldnt I I ill I I sneltnsn I I

2 I I I if I I I time I III

2

a

If I

want to

3 3 I I

4

4 I III 5 A Does

B

6 two 3 excuse

7 A __ (do)a contact

B I

8 us2 a

we

If I 9 were

a

was

10 You were to Max If I

11 4 to set my

12 to

I was to

If

11 bull In

5

Ways of introducing conditionals Conditionals can be introduced in avariety of ways other than with if

unless Unless means-except if

Well go swimming unless it rains Unless theres astrike fll be at work tomorrow

incase In case means the first action is aprecaution it happens because the second action might happen Compare these two sentences

fll take my umbrella in case it rains (I plan to take my umbrella)

fll take my umbrella ifit rains (I dont plan to take my umbrella if I dont have to)

Supposing bull Suppose bullbull Imagine bull These mean the same as Imagine if or What if The condition is more improbable so they are more often found in second and third conditionals They are questions and they come at the beginning of a sentence

Supposing you could go on holiday tomorrow where would you go Imagine you were rich what would you buy

2 In more formal styles if can be dropped and the auxiliary verb inverted

Were you to question me about the matter Iwould deny all knowledge Had Iknown that he was ajournalist Iwould have said nothing Should the meeting last longer than expected f have to cancel my dinner engagement

Herefuses to comedown unless you agree to all of his demands

7 Words other than if 1 Choose the correct word

In case Imagine there were no more wars shywouldnt that be wonderful

2 Im going to take a cushion to the concert in case unless the seats are hard

3 Well miss the beginning of the film should unless you hurry

4 Unless In case you behave yourself you cant come to the theatre with us

5 Suppose Should you got lost what would you do 6 Ill take a book in case unless Im bored on the

journey 7 Had Supposing I understood the problem Id have

done something about it 8 Should In case you fail to pay this bill court action

will be taken

2 Rewrite these sentences using the words in brackets

1 I wont come if they dont invite me (unless)

2 What would you do if he left his job (supposing)

3 If you had learned to play tennis would you have been a champion by now (suppose)

4 Were going to install a smoke alarm There may be a fire (in case)

5 She wont get that job if she doesnt learn to speak French (unless)

6 If the lifeguard hadnt been there what would have happened (imagine)

7 I wont go out this evening Paul might ring (in case)

8 Ill be at my desk until 600 if you need to speak to me about the matter (should)

74 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Vocabulary 8 Similar words different meaning

These adjective pairs are easy to confuse Complete the sentences with the correct adjectives

unreadable illegible

I couldnt work out who the letter was from The signature was completely ---- shy

2 I know Shakespeare is very popular but I find him totally_____

childish childlike

3 Sarah is so _____ Shes always having temper tantrums

4 It was wonderful to watch the lambs playing I got such pleasure from it

sensible sensitive

S Sophie is extremely _____ at the moment Anything you say upsets her

6 Karen is not a very person She wore high~heeled shoes for our four-mile walk

true truthful

7 Ive never known her to tell a lie Shes a very _____ person

8 I can never watch sad films that are based on a -----story They always make me cry

intolerable intolerant

9 Susan is so of other people She never accepts anyone elses opinion and she always thinks she knows best

10 I find Marks behaviour Its unfair to be so selfish

economic economical

11 Were having an crisis at the moment James has lost his job and I dont know how we are going to pay the mortgage

12 Its much more to drive slowly You get more kilometres for your money

Phrasal verbs 9 Nouns from phrasal verbs

1 There are many nouns formed from phrasal verbs Sometimes the verb comes first sometimes second

lIMIce-up downfall upbrinng drwback outbre teaway

2 Sometimes the noun is related to the phrasal verb and sometimes it isnt

I dont use much mM-Up

She mMle up her face very carefully =related

The main drawbade to your plan is that ifs too expensive (drawback =disadvantage)

Orabde the curtains and let the sunshine in (drawback =open)

Complete these sentences with the nouns in the box

outcome breakthrough outbreak comeback takeaway check-up breakdown feedback outlook downfall

The of communication between management and workers means the strike will continue

2 His musical career has suffered recently but now with a new album and a world tour hes trying to makea _____

3 I go to the dentist twice a year for a _____

4 The of the meeting is that the students will have an extra days holiday

S The weather should be fine over the next few days and the for the weekend is warm and sunny

6 There has been an of food poisoning as a result of people eating poorly-cooked chicken

7 There has been a significant in the search to find a cure for the common cold

S Producers ask customers to complete questionnaires because they need to improve their products

9 Were having a Chinese for supper

10 He used to he a highly successful film star but working too hard was his _____

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 75

Listening Pronunciation 11 Ways of pronouncing ea 1 There are several different ways of pronouncing

the letters ea Look at the examples in the columns below

10 What a painl

lei li1 11)1 1-

bread mut fur

I~I lell 131 II 1shy

wur break lurn

1 IIID Listen and answer the questions

1 Whafs Mark trying to do 2 What two things is he having trouble with 3 What does Greg think is the problem 4 Why does Mark get upset 5 Who finds the solution and how

2 IIID Listen again and match these expressions with if

1 I havent made much progress

2 If youve got aminute

3 If the worst comes to the worst

4 Here are your missing parts

a theyll just have to give you your money back

b if any at all

c thatd be great

d if Im not mistaken

2 IIID Put these words into the correct column 3 Who says these things Mark or Greg Write M or G according to the pronunciation of ea

1 0 Ifs turning into a nightmare already 2 0 What a pain 3 DOh this flatpack stuff is a real pain 4 0 I dont believe it S 0 This has gone beyond a joke 6 0 Ifs just that Im fed up with the whole thing already 7 0 This sort of thing drives me mad too 8 0 I could kick myself

Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers

dear tear(n) tear (v) scream steak breath breathe breadth hear thread bear cheat clear deaf death earth beast beard pearl pear heal health great gear jealous lead (v) lead (n) leap leapt meant reason search swear theatre weary weapon

Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Articles Determiners

Its never too late

2 II1II Complete the newspaper article with a an the her or nothingArticles ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p152

a the or zero article Complete the sentences with a the or nothing (the zero article)

Excuse me Is there __ bank near

here

2 A I havent got any money

B Im going to --bank Ill get

you some

3 Has __ postman been this

morning

4 My brother works as __ postman

5 Weve seen a house we want to move

to Its got __ views over fields (1) __ girl aged seven went into The of Ellesmere College He is (14) __

and theres __ lovely garden at Guinness Book ofRecords yesterday when nice teacher - he tells (15) __

__ back she became (2) __ youngest pupil jokesl

6 A Wheres Nick ever to pass (3) __ national exam Dr Nolan commented You must B In __ garden Abha Subramanians Cgrade in have (16) __faith in children They

(4) __ computer studies was can make (17) __paper planes one7 I bought __ burglar alarm to also (5) __ latest achievement minute and write (18) __ computerprotect myself against __ for (6) __ college in Manchester program (19) __ next (20) __

burglars Abha eamed her place in (7) __ pupils at my school arent prodigies shy

8 Tony joined __ the Mounted record books by studying for several they are just interested and motivated Police Unit because he likes working evenings (8) __week at (9) __ They are (21) __example ofwhat with __ horses nearby Ellesmere College (22) __ rest of (23) __country

I think (10) __9 We went out for __ meal last computers are could be doing

easy but I thought (11) __exam As far as Im concerned studentsnight __ food was excellent I was quite hard Abha said She praised who go to university are the OAPsshydont usually like __ Chinese (12) __teacher James Nolan of (24) __academic world having

food but __ duck was superb (13) __founder and principal passed their mental peak

bull OAP = an Old Age Pensioner (or more properly a Senior Citizen) is a person who has reached retirement age

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 77

Determiners Demonstratives Grammar Reference Students Book p152 3 this that these those

2 all and every 1 Choose the correct answer

Anna is such a show-off she thinks she knows all everything

2 My driving test was a complete disaster All Everything went wrong

3 Kate didnt say where she was going All Everything she said was that she was going out

4 All Every child in the class failed the exam

5 All Everything I want for my birthday is to lie in bed until midday

6 Im starving All Everything Ive eaten today is a packet of crisps

7 I really dont get on with my new boss I disagree with all everything she says

8 I cant go higher than pound500 for the car Thats everything all I can afford

9 Megan couldnt believe her luck All Every topic she had revised the night before came up in the exam

10 The film was so boring that all everybody fell asleep

2 Choose the correct answer

I have three children All Every of them love going for a walk but neither none of them likes being bathed

2 You can borrow either each the Renault or the Rover Theyre all both in the garage

3 My two daughters are each both good at languages but none neither of them can do maths at all

4 I have a shower every each day

5 I have any no idea how I spend all my money At the end of every either month its all gone

6 I know every each word of his songs by heart

7 There are fifteen rooms in this hoteL Each Every room is a little different

8 You can have either each an orange or an apple but you cant have either both

9 A Tea or coffee B Either Neither thanks Ive got to rush

lOA Still or sparkling water B Either Neither whichever is open

11 I know either both Robert and his brother but I dont like both either of them

12 I have four brothers Every Each of us is different

Put this that these or those into each gap

1 shoes are killing me I cant wait to take them off

2 (On the phone) Hello ___ is Beth Can I speak to Kate

3 was a wonderful film wasnt it

4 I knew Jenny at university In days she had long blonde hair

5 A Anything else

B No s all for today thanks

6 Well 11 be pound550 please

7 I cant get ring off my finger Its stuck

8 You just cant get proper bread days

9 Come here and tidy up mess right now

10 Listen to It says in the paper that lifes been found on Mars

11 Did you ever hear from ___ girl you met on holiday last year

12 I was in a department store yesterday when ___ bloke came up to me and hit me

13 A I got a parking fine today

B 11 teach you a lesson

14 Who were ___ people you were talking to last night

15 What was ___ noise Didnt you hear it

GEome BaIEVES -rf4euro WOI2lD WOULD 8pound A ~ PLAcE IF E~ WAS ( AN UNDER-AC~tEveR

78 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

Revision of articles determiners and demonstratives 4 Personal column

IDIJ Complete the article with the words in the boxes

I everyone her allef the the a agreat deal of

ELSIE MORECAMBE looks up at (1) all offtte large grey

clouds coming quickly over (2) horizon Ill go just

(3) last time she says jumping onto (4) ___

windsurfing board and speeding off over rough waves Back o~ dry land (5) group of elderly people

watches (6) ___ move of hers with (7) --__

admiration

I enough an the her a lot of agreat deal

Four years ago at 70 looking (8) ___ younger than

her years Elsie formed (9) organization called

Age Well It isnt (10) to tell people - you have to show them she says dragging (11) board

ashore to (12) back-slapping and praise from (13) group

I aU her everything no those their

This is all part of (14) ___ campaign to show that

people of (IS) ages can achieve (16) ___

they want to do if they really want to do it It struck

me that (I 7) friends of mine who had

(I8) job to go to any more and who kept

complaining about (19) boring and meaningless

lives didnt have to live like that she commented

I the (x 2) her (x 2) this most a several

Elsie has been windsurfing (20) __---- summer months

for theJast six years ever since (21) son told her

that she was far too old to attempt it Then she went on

(22) solo six-month world trip to Mexico

Thailand and New Zealand

Over the last four years she has organized and led

(23) groups on trips to Ireland and Greece

So far (24) ___ year she has been walking in

(25) Pyrenees touring on (26) _------

bicycle and canoeing (27) ___

are Elsie says

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 79

Nouns in groups

1 There are three main ways that we can put nouns together

noun + noun noun +s + noun post office my wifes sister headache the docto s surgery face-lift the eats bowl

noun + preposition + noun the end ofthe garden astory about compassion the arrival ofthe police

2 Sometimes more than one structure can be used

the Queens arrival the arrival ofthe Queen

the floor ofthe living room the living room floor

the car door handle the handle on the car door

But usually only one pattern is possible the back ofthe car NOT the far batc the tats bafk

3 Sometimes there is a change in meaning the eats food =the food that belongs to one particular cat The rabbit has eaten the uts food cat food =food for cats in general Can you buysome more atfood when you go out

4 We use the noun + noun pattern (compound nouns) for everyday established combinations We talk about an action film ahorror film but not a h85e ~ffl Here we usually prefer the pattern with a preposition - a film abouthorses

THE HORSES BREAKFAST

Unit 12 bull Its never too late

5 Combining nouns Combine the words in brackets using one of the three patterns Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Your coats on the (back chair)

2 Youve just spilt the (milk cat)

3 Can you buy some (paper toilet) Weve run out

4 I never listened to my (advice parents)

5 Can you buy a (cola bottle) to take to the picnic

6 What did that (road sign) say Did you see it

7 Its such a mess in here There are empty (water bottles) everywhere

8 The (King duties) include entertaining heads of state

9 The (my shoe heel) has

come off

10 Can I borrow your (brush hair)

11 What happened at the (film end)

12 Here is (today news)

13 Where is the nearest (Underground station)

14 Its my (anniversary parents wedding) next week

15 The (company success) is due to

its efficiency

16 Ive got a (fortnight holiday) next

month

17 The (company business plan) is

confusing

18 The annual (rate inflation) is

about 400

19 Are there any (coffee cups) in your bedroom There are none in the kitchen

20 Doyouwanta ________(coffeecup)

Vocabulary

6 Hot Verbs be and have 1 Match the words and expressions with be

or have Tick the correct column

be ~

-

fed up with sbsth

have

aright to do sth

the nerve to do sth

on the safe side

in touch with sb

aword with sb

no point in doing sth

on ones mind

upto date

no chance of doing sth

2 Complete the sentences with one of the expressions in the correct form

My job is so boring Im rully fampd up with it

2 If you dont like your meal you complain to the manager

3 Thank you for your interview Miss Clarke We you as soon as weve made a decision about the job

4 I cant stop thinking about my poor sick cousin She always

5 Mrs Bennett Can I you fora minute Its about your son Ben

6 Jack was so cheeky He tell me that this dress didnt suit me

7 rve got extra holiday insurance just in case I always like

8 Well Ill apply for the managers job but I know I getting it

9 Wait here If you dont like heights theres climbing up the tower with us

10 I got an email from myoid friend Suzanne the other day I her for twenty years now

Prepositions revision 7 Noun + preposition

Comp1ete the sentences with a preposition or a combination of prepositions

1 After running up the stairs I was breath

2 You make some silly mistakes but general your work has been good

3 I went on holiday my own because sometimes I like to be myself

4 I got a cheque pound500 in the post

5 There has been a rise the number of violent cnmes

6 The difference you and me is that I dont mind hard work

7 I can think of no reason her strange behaviour

S It took a long time to find a solution the problem

9 I need some information global warming

10 Im having trouble my car It wont start in the mornings

11 In the accident there was quite a bit of damage _____ my car

12 Investigators are trying to find the cause the accident

13 Ive got to do my homework tomorrow

14 I dont see James any more I havent been touch with him for years

15 Did you get an invitation _____Davids wedding

Mr amp Mrs John Evans

RelJuest the honour ofyour presence

at the marriage of their daughter Rhian Eleri

to David Alastair Austin

son ofMr amp Mrs James Austin

at 230 pm on 13thJuly 2006 at

The George Hotel Newton

Swansea

- RS vP shy

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 81

Listening 8 The holiday of a lifetime

Pronunciation 9 Nouns and verbs

In the chart the nouns end in an unvoiced sound (lsi IfI 19) and the verbs end in a voiced sound (lzI lvi lo)

mil Complete the chart with the words and the phonetics The vowel sound or the spelling changes

Noun Verb IL -

advice I~dvalzi

to use abuse

IbIlifl Inlivl

grief hkskjus

breath to halve

Ihausl safe

Ibelol

OIIJ Listen to Neil and Emma Browns conversation and mark the questions true (T) or false (F)

1 D Neil wants an adventure holiday 2 D Emma wants an adventure holiday 3 D They look in some brochures for some ideas 4 D Emma wants to go to the Maldives to have sailing

lessons S D Neil thinks itll be expensive

6 D They decide that it might suit them both

2 OIIJ Listen again and complete these lines with the correct linking and commenting expression

windsurfing is very exciting

2 I prefer something a bit mal e relaxillg

3 we dont get much holiday a year

4 we can find something that suits us both

S you werent paying attention to a thing I was saying

6 therell be sailing lessons too

7 you can bet your life that itll cost a fortune

8 its not too bad if you go off-season

3 Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers Find more linking and commenting expressions

82 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

10 Emphasis in speaking IIIIJ Mark where the main stress is in Bs replies Listen check and repeat

1 A B

Why didnt you do your homework last night I did do it

2 A B

Who made this mark on the carpet I did it Sorry

3 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew Johann was coming

4 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew that ages ago

S A B

Who told Gran that I crashed her car I didnt tell her

6 A B

I wish you hadnt told Gran I crashed her car I didnt tell her

7 A B

I lost all my money on a bad investment I told you

8 A B

You dont like Mike and Annie do you I like Annie

9 A B

Why dont you like Annie I do like Annie I think shes great

10 A B

I feel so sorry for Annie Nobody like5 her

I like her

Unit 1

Hi Mike I was just passing and I thought Id drop in Hope thats OK

M fine Nice to see you Havent seen you a while Jerry Come on in

Thanks Youre looking well

M Thanks Im back from about What have

you been up to

much Just working hard

Thats a drag How come youre so

Ive got a new boss and hes a bit scary Thinks hes such a big shot ruH

Im a bit worried for my job

M I dont get it Youve always been so good at your job

Well thats as maybe but he like me for some reason Dont

M What are you going to do

J I not I dont feel up to writing and going to interviews

M You need a holiday

J Youre kidding Cant afford it Sara and I are up for a new car

M Thats silly are lInrtt

J I know but Saras reatly fed up with our old car But Itd help me to sort out a OK Ill talk over with Sara and see if I cant her

M Good for you

J Mike Youre a good mate

Unit 2

A Hey Susan What a surprise

S Hi Alex Hi Marie

A Why the long face

S Well Im just back from a carnpilng with Tiffany

A Ah I take it that didnt go very well then

S It was a complete in fact I should have realized that she wasnt the camping type when she turned up with like two suitcases and a and stuff like that

A

M I mean how

S Yes and you should have seen her face when she saw the tent Dont know what she expected Some sort of hotel room probably in the middle of the field

A Oh dear

M What a shame

S Yeah well she thought so too MIIVY

it went from bad to worse because at night the bad weather set in and the wind was blowing the tent quite hard and she sort of started crying a bit that she was scared And I was trying to like reassure and say it wasnt so bad when all of a sudden the wind really started the tent over

M Howawful

A Oh no

S TI~~~ a~I~ need a new tent Anyway I dropped the torch and it all went dark and she kind of freaked out and started running across the field with her bag over her head I mean how was I to know that she was scared of the dark

M Oh what a Poor you

A So what happened next Im enjoying this

S Thanks Well I ran after her and feU over into some sort stuff

M Yuck

S and I started to smell bad shed got to the car and refused

to move So I had to and all the stuff in the wind the and take it back to the car and then get in and drive for two hours back home And the car smelt really awful and we were

and wet and not talking to each other

M I cant believe it What a ridiculous thing to

S Yes well thats what I thought cause when we back I Phew What a and then I to like and I couldnt stop

A Uh So what did she say to that

S She was furious She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag round her and grass and leaves in her hair and everything Dont know what the taxi driver must have UIUUllIH

she phoned me earlier this -1gt Im there in a minute

A Wow What do you think shes going to

S Cant Ive got some apologizing to do for a start

A What rubbish None of it was your fault

M Alex Let her sort it out herself Good luck Susan

A Yes and let us know how it all ends Best story Ive heard in

Unit 6

A Good IBM Guilford How can I you

8 Could you put me through to John Barker

A Certainly The lines busy Will you hold

B Yes thats fine

A Putting you through now

B Thank you

e Hello John Barker

S John Its Ellen Miles from Danson Associates

e Ellen How are

B Well I have a with an order I with you

e How can I help

S You know the nnAlPrnnlntc we discussed a

confirmed the order yourself in writing a ago

e Oh yes

B Well the order hasnt turned up and did say that take a maximum

e Well It usually does Let me look up warehouse schedules Bear with me a moment

B Of course

(tap tap tap)

e Do you have the order code to hand

8 Are you Its FED 2045780498 MX

e Sorry didnt get the last bit What was it

B 80498 MX e Thanks In read that back to you

FED 2045780498 MX B Thats

e And can you confirm the date on the order slip for me please

B 22nd

Tapescript

8

8

( 9 was sent out on

arrived C rn need to look into it further

back to you Are you in the office afternoon

B Well I would be but come up Im till 1200

C Then ru back to before 1200 Dont worry Ill sort out

Ill expect your calL

7

A B A What do you mean You dont look very

B Im a bit thats all A What about Its not Charlene is it B She made one or two hurtful

lCUliUI~ this v

A One or two Shes you these I dont know how you can stand

B

A stressed Thafs no excuse for rude to her best I dont think I think her behaviour is out of order

B I must say A wkhk

You tell her that be nicer to you you wont be friends with her any more

B I so But we are

A

A

8

A Good Now put a smile on your face and lets go and eat

B All all and to the

A thats true You could look a bit better than you do

IS I must A Thats more like it You sound loads

better Come on Lets go

N What are you F Shh Its the last ever

favourite sitcom N Its is it f Talk to you later

N Finished now F Yes it was All the friends

back N I dont know how you can watch aU that

sitcom rubbish F It isnt rubbish Its well

and very N WelJ written How can it be well written

when its written committee There are at least 27 writers on these sitcoms

f The is that the funniest lines think its too Admit

You used to come in the room when it was on and start laughing

N OK It is sometimes But as far as aU these sitcoms

F

N

f

N

F

do you waste

out more a too

sonlettline we both

N or wed take turns to choose OK lets do that Well start this weekend

f Fine Now let me tell what hal)pened in the final ~)VlJil

N all then Go on

came to see how you were on with up your home office Hows it

M Come in come in all on it but I havent much progress at alL

rve

G Howcome M my new to

and I even set

G Calm Mark If the worst comes to the worst have to you your money

M

the computer

Its that Im fed up with the whole And Ive still to try

G I know I know This sort drives me too whats at the bottom of the box Here are your

if Im not mistaken M what an idiot I could kick

Youve saved the

N

E N

up my new computer table Its into a mghtlnalre

G Whata M

G

no

also learn to sail

E It doesnt sound much fun to me PerSOIlallv I a bit more uaillAIUK BasilcalJlv I think we work hard

all year so that we deserve to do somewhere nice for a of weeks

N But Im fed and aU that

get much a year E Well Im with

your new Jease of life Im still not sure what you have in mind or if I want to do it too

N Lets have a look on the Internet and see what sort there is HODeltullV we can find that suits us

E Oh OK then But Im not DrOmlSllne

E Oh look Now thats what I call a N The Maldives Small beach islands in

the middle of the Indian Ocean Not Hfe UbiVioiuslv

N

E

Penomill1y Ive It

of a lifetime N But you dont want an action E 1 dont have to have one I can lie on the

beach and watch Thats my idea

N I must out more about it off to the travel better to the first Come on

no time to lose E Wow then Im N And I bet I can the

end of the E I told you Im not promi~inJit amrthlnS

had been washin will have been

teaching

UNli I

1 1 2 is 3 ve been walking 4 was taken 5 II take 6 had taken 7 have had

10 are IIs been made 12 will have made 13 are washed 14 had been washed IS hed been 16 sells 17 will be sold 19 will have been 20 were being taught

3 1 are 2 are

Ive wanted 6 s 7 miss Ive missed Ive been 8 II be I re to be

Ive sent

II ve 12 wont stay 13 II be able 14 ve visited IS went 16 was 17 18 sat 19 m forward 20 Ube

lt4 1 lOur house was built in the 17th century 2 flats at the moment 3 Has the coffee machine been fixed 4 While the new kitchen was

we ate in restaurants 5 We arrived at work to find out that om

office had been 6 She wont be in those dark

up

5 1 1 has found 2 has invented 3 are called 4 be lifted 5 I has been desIRn~~d 6 have been built 7 was shown 8 wasnt 9 doesnt have needed I dont cost 12 will 14 will take 15

16 have been made 17 will be 18 will reach

1

6 3 has (A) 4 did (F) 5 have (F) 6 have (A) 7 didnt (A) 8 done (F) 9 does 10 was (A) 11 is (A) 12 (F)

1 1 A have got Bm B ve got to

2 A have B havent A ve had ve got B to have

3 A ve got to I have to B havent got I dont have A had Have Bvegot

4 A ve had havent had B got

8 1 blood 2 book 3 water 4 5 6 case 7 8 rain 9 sun road 11 air 12 13 hand 14 ice 15 card 16land 17 sports 18 book

91 la 2b 3a 4a Sb 6a

2 1 home to me 2 got on like a house on fire 3 make at home 4 the house down 5 as as houses 6 hit home

10 lout 2 away 3 down 4 off 5 down in 6 off on 7 out 8 back 9 in 10 away

2 I fell out (L) fell out (I)

2 put (I) Put

3 out (L) sort out (1)

4 stand up (L) stand (I)

5 Holdon hold on (L)

6 take take

7

2 Active Continuous Present sells Past walked Future will take Present Perfect have had Past Perfect had taken Future Perfect will have made

Passive Present is made Past was taken future will be sold Present Perfect has been made Past Perfect had been washed Future Perfect will have been sold

bull married

6 When I was a little I al1fav~ m1I111

my 7

two years him a new shirt

has been caUed said that had

hard and deserved to pass all her exams

my friend called

2

11 1 1 friend 2 English 3 clean 4 month 5 took 6 group 7 slam 8 box 9 thought 10 work 11 chart 12 winter

leI III li1 1 I~tter bsy tree mQther w~ther wQmen heat fun br~kfast bilding machine wQrry

101 lu lrel 101 good cool camp sock wQman suit f~mily odd could shoe ~ccent want

1)1 131 10 1 I~I

floor ~rly f~ther machine walk work g~rden fath~

d~lghter search ban~na banan~

12 1 1~ 2 3 ~ 41 5 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ~

2 I drop in 2 Thats a drag 3 a big shot 4 I dont get it S not feel up to something 6 Cheers

3 (l) Hope thats OK (Thats) Absolutely fine (Its) Nice to see you (I) Havent seen you for a while Jerry (Ive) Just (been) working hard (He) Thinks hes such a big shot (I) Dont know why (Are you going to) Change jobs (I) Cant afford it

UNIT 2

1 1 1 Ive written to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday Ive been writing my essay all morning

2 Ive lost my car keys Ive been losing weight recently

3 Theyve missed the train Theyve been missing you lots so come home soon

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work late all this week Paulas left work early today to meet her uncle

6 The eats been going to our neighbours to have its dinner The eats gone upstairs

7 Hes had a heart attack Hes been having second thoughts about accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy a new television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming which is why my hair is wet Ive swum twenty lengths today

10 Ive been finding it difficult to concentrate recently Ive found my cheque book at last

22s been snowing 3 have travelled 4 have lived have been trying

havent managed 5 have been arguing 6 ve eaten 7 have been running 8 has been crying has failed 9 ve been sunbathing

2 Possible answers I In Fukushima Japan 2 Which school did she go to 3 How long has she been climbing

Since she was 10 (years old) 4 What did she study at university

English and American literature 5 How long has she been married

For 38 years 6 What did she do when she was 30

She started the first womens climbing club in Japan

7 When did she climb Mount Everest When she was 36

8 Who gave awarded her a medal The King of Nepal

9 How many mountains has she climbed II3

10 Has she had an exciting life Yes she has

) 1 I is standing 2 is actually watching 3 is climbing 4 has been climbing 5 has nearly reached 6 has already climbed 7 started climbing 8 broke 9 became 10 has been named 11 trains 12 has been preparing 13 will climb 14 havent seen

22s (been) taking 3 arrived 4 didnt enjoy 5 re staying 6 re going 7s chosen 8 s called 9 will be 10 ve done 11 will make 12 wont be 13m looking 14 sounds IS ve been training 16 ve prepared 17 get 181l become

4 1 I The new sofa has already been delivered

2 Have the street lights been repaired yet 3 Some new anti-smoking laws have just

been passed 4 No new homes have been built for

twenty years 5 The plants havent been watered

2 2 A yachtsman has been rescued dramatically in the Pacific Ocean

3 Valuable jewels have been stolen from Sothebys

4 A missing boy has been found alive 5 Police have been given a huge pay rise 6 Two hundred and sixty people have

been killed in the monsoon in India 7 An ancient tomb has been discovered

in Egypt 8 Two thousand people have been made

redundant in a shock announcement by Ferrari

5 1 2 have her ears pierced 3 have my eyes tested 4 have had their car serviced 5 had our television repaired yet

1 Recently Hes had the invitations printed Theyve had the cake decorated Yesterday He had his wedding suit delivered He had his hair cut Today Shes having her hair done Theyre having the flowers delivered Next week Theyll have had the photos developed Shell have had her wedding dress dry-cleaned

6 1 I do 2 make 3 doing 4 do 5 make 6 do 7 do 8 done 9 made 10 made 1 Made 12 does 13 do

1 I made the big time 2 have done without you 3 made off with it 4 make up for 5 could do with 6 make of her 7 make in time

~71 ~

ltIIcltII C Q~ I ~ Ii ~ampJ 0v

get intut of

II I Iget onoff I

Itake off

land

ride I

I Idrive

I Icatch

Imiss Iboard I I I

park I

2 car seat belt traffic lights service station tyres one-way street traffic jam Customs tunnel horn

bus traffic lights season ticket tyres one-way street traffic jam timetable horn

bike crash helmet traffic lights tyres one-way street cycle lane

train platform carriage ticket collector season ticket trolley track timetable Customs tunnel porter

plane runway life jacket tyres cargo check-in desk timetable hand luggage Customs aisle seat charter flight

shipferry harbour life jacket trolley cargo port timetable Customs deck porter cabin

8 I at 2 out of 3 across into 4 to 5 through 6 towards 7 off 8 onto 9 over 10 into II past through 12 to 13 into 14 against 15 in 16 out of 17 along 18 past 19 across 20 over 21 up 22 onto

Answer key 87

9 1 1 explorer exploration 2 Japan Japanese 3 contribute contribution 4 industry industrial 5 economy economics 6 politics politician

23

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull Japan contribute industry abroad develop politics unique destruction backpacker destroy pollution calculate unspeilt illegal paradise

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull Japanese Vietnam

contribution economics politician information European destination diarrhoea

industrial economy discovery kilometre environment inhabitant

10 1 1~ 21 3 ~ 4 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 8 ~

2 lA 2A 3M 4M 5M 6M 7M 8M 9S lOA

3 1 like and stuff like that 2 sort of like 3 kind of 4 sort of 5 like 6 and everything

UNIT 3

1 1 2 1 fell ~ 2 had fallen ~ 3 had torn ~ 4 tore ~ 5 cost 6 had cost I 7 had never flown ~ 8 flew ~ 9 had caughtl 10 caught 11 were~ 12 had been~

2 1 was living met 2 played were winning lost 3 wasnt thinking had 4 was coughing didnt get 5 was sunbathing heard appeared landed 6 was snowing got up were making

put raced 7 was playing hit made

J 2 was standing 3 heard 4 went back in 5 was 6 said 7 has been 8 managed 9 had been surfing 10 had been knocked 11 had hit 12 swam 13 pulled 14 had just finished 15 shouted 16 called 17 had to 18 was trying 19 were getting 20 reached 21 had taken 22 felt 23 was recovering 24 wasnt 25 had moved 26 have been

4 1 2 a 3 d 4 c 5 b 6 i 7 f 8 g 9 j 10 h 11 m 12 n 130 141 15 k

2 1 Two years ago while I was working in Paris my grandfather died

2 As soon as I had fed the cat I did my homework

3 First I had a shower and then I got dressed

4 Since I was a child I had always wanted to visit Australia and I finally went last year

S As he posted the letter he realized that he hadnt put a stamp on it

6 By the time hed finshed speaking most of the audience had fallen asleep

7 Once Id told him the truth I felt better 8 Until I found a flat I had stayed I been

staying with family for months

5 2 A Roman temple was discovered underneath the new housing estate

3 The races were held indoors because it was raining

4 The leisure centre had been booked for a childrens party on Saturday

5 The dishwasher was being repaired so I couldnt leave the house

6 Our hotel room still hadnt been cleaned when we returned

7 The fish hadnt been cooked for long enough

8 New traffic lights were being put up at the crossroads

6 I was shown 2 liked 3 is regarded 4 felt 5 had been made 6 tells 7 has been rescued 8 s married 9 is (being) introduced

10 doesnt make 11 is voiced 12 was I is based 13 was not written 14 ends 15 are 16 will be loved I are loved

7 Poetry Prose DruM

nursery rhyme plot plot critic chapter critic review critic director character best-seller backstage verse review script

character review novelist character blockbuster leading role fairytale verse setting setting whodunnit rehearsal science fiction perfonnance hardback playwright thriller act autobiography full house paperback

8 1 2 end a relationship 3 wait a minute 4 talk louder 5 begin a journey 6 not go out stay at home 7 have a calmer more stable life 8 arrive 9 be happier

10 be quiet

2 1 turns up 2 set off 3 Cheer up 4 stay in 5 settled down 6 broke up 7 find out 8 Shut up 9 Hold on 10 Speak up

9 1 I pay lpelf 2 write Iralt 3 phone If)on 4 round Iraondl 5 dear Idl) 6 boy Iblll 7 tour Ito)1 8 fair Iregt

2 4 lu1 3 1)01

5 Il1 6 131

8 131 7 11)1

10 131 9 Il1

11 laol 12 1)01

13 lu1 14 101

17 luzi 15 I)ozi

16 I)osl 19 luzi

18 lusI 22 10m

21 lum 20)0m

23 loV 24 1)0V

26 lAm 25 I)oml

27 lell 28 lell

29 leI 30 leI

33 101 32 lu1

31 IAI 35 lodl

34 I)oldl 38 I~I

36 IAI 37 101

88 Answer key

3

I dont 2 didnt 3 havent 4 arent 5 isnt 6 wont 7 m not 8 doesnt 9 hadnt 10 hasnt

1 5 not 6 nt 7 not 8 not 9 no 10 Not II none 12 no 13 nt 14 not 15 Not 16 17 No 18 no 19 None 20

] 2 I told not to go to work Why arent in was an unsuccessful businessman

who didnt achieve much in his life 4 Our house is easyisnt difficult to find

No one ever lost 5 We had a time in Muscat There

there 6 You mustnt rest your ankle

Try not to move it at all Try to move it as little as

7 I ~ tI~ middot

the exam

4 2 I dont suppose youve got change for a 20-pound note

3 This machine doesnt seem to be working 4 I didnt think it was going to rain S dont want their daughter to move

to 6 I didnt expect to see you here 7 I dont suppose seen Robert

Id like snails 9 I dont expect you remember me

10 I dont believe she all her exams

5 2 Who made the film Catch Me If You Cart 3 How old was Frank when he ran away

to New York 4 Why did he run to New York 5 What did he look 6 What was Franks first con trick 7 How much had he collected when the

bank found out 8 How Frank a Pan Am 9 Who tell his secret to I called

the police 10 What did he become nextafter he was

a pilot II What did frank teach at university 12 When was he eventually arrested 13 How did he spend in 14 What has been doing

6 1 I Im not sure where he learned how to forge bank U~UJ11I3

2 I dont know how had the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

3 Id like to know which countries he visited as a pilot

4 Ive no idea his friend called the

5 a clue how he managed to pass the bar exam

6 [cant who gave him a as a doctor

7 I wonder why the police took so to catch him

8 Do know what he thought of

2 I I wish I knew why he told his secret to his friend

2 any idea how many attempts to the bar exam

3 do you he went to France 4 Can tell me how long he spent

in 5 Do you know what he is doing nowl

what has happened to him since then

1 1 2 by 3 to 4 at 5 on 6 in 7 about 8 of 9 from 10 with

2 2 What for 3 Where to 4 What about 5 How long for 6 Who for 7 Who to 8 What with

8 1 b 2 a 3 c 4 d 5 e 6 f 7 h8 g 9i lOj III 12k

Sample answers 1 was it like 2 Who did talk to 3 How is 4 Howcome 5 cant you 6 is it 7 Whos he 8 What does he look like 9 Didnt heDid he

]0 come 11 12 Whats going to do

10 12

unreal fake incredible implausible

Verbs disappear misunderstand mistrustdistrust suspect uncover

11 1

unbelievable ridkulous

bizarre amateur trivial

deceit fantasy incredulity

vanish confuse

reveal

a VIUUII~~ a secret sb lose your way your temper

2 I keep in touch 2 lost 3 keep a secret 4 keep lost 5 calm 6 keep fit

12 2 for 3 at 4 offrom 5 from 6 in 7 to 8 in 9 in 10 tolwith 11 to about 12 at 13 in with 14 for 15 in

U 1 2 wasnt it (fall) 3 could (rise) 4 isnt he (fail) 5 isnt it 6 arent I (fall) 7 have you (rise) 8 werent we (fall) 9 would you (rise)

2 2 That was a really tasteless meal wasnt it (fall)

3 Youve borrowed my new coat havent you (fall)

4 You couldntwouldnt water my plants couldwould you (rise)

5 Vanessa youre going on a business trip to Rome arent you (rise)

1 Youre going to work harder from now on arent you

2 Ill see you next week wont I 3 Kates leaving soon isnt she 4 Youll ring when get there wont 5 Our takes 4 pm doesnt 6 The will have finished next

married next week are

8 We wont need tickets to get in will we 9 Well be millionaires one day wont we

10 Dave wont be will he

1 1 m to II 2 are to II 3 m going to II Il 4 will Il 5 m going to II 6 II going to II 7 m going to n 8 II II

her a present to hard for my exams

seein~~om~ to see the dentist next

5 I think Manchester United will win on Saturclay

6 Im the

7 8 9 time next week Ill be lying on

a beach in Egypt 10 I think itll be hot there

4 3 Ill be 4 Ill have 5 Ill be 6 rUbe 7 Ill be 8 Ill have 9 Ill have an Amleman

10 Ill have had two children

to celebrate buying

3 m not leave 4 wont S II be

for

Answer 89

9 m going to change 10 m going to do 11 11 have made up 12 Are you planning 13 II work 14 II be concentrating 15 II be able to

6 2 A What are you doing B 3 A B What shaUl do 4 A is getting married B 5 A B Youll have to wake me up 6 A B Youll be getting 7 A B Itll only take 8 A B Were going to stay at home 9 A as soon as I arrive B

7 1 eat wont get 2 wont move ve found 3 11 like meet 4 Will you Are you going to learn are 5 wont go havehave had 6 11 be finishlve finished 7 dont do will you have to 8 are will deal 9 will feel ve had

10 ve tried ll never use

8 I Put 2 taking 3 Put 4 take 5 putting 6 take 7 putting 8 taken 9 take 10 take II takes 12 take 13 take 14 put IS put

9 I a re waiting for b is expected c looking forward to

2 a spend Ive been spendingspent b pass c wasted

3 a Have seen b watchedwere watching c Lookat

4 a Actually b at the moment c really

5 a owe b borrowed c lend

6 a embarrassed b nervous c angry

10 3 I couldnt take them all in 4 Ill sort it out tomorrow 5 Put it in your diary 6 Please put them away 7 youd better look after him 8 Ill look into it right away 9 Take it back

10 youve put me off her

n 1 1wQnt ol 2 walk IJI 3 wQnder IAI 4 wQman 01 5 warm J 6 wQrd 13 7 w~r e1 8 w~ht leIl 9 wint 101 10 wQrk 131 11 winder 10 12 wQmen II 13 wQrm 3 14 wilrd IJI 15 w~ry II 16 wcird II

90 Answer key

2 I phone o 2 blood AI 3 love AI 4 through u 5 weak li 6 lower o 7 north J 8 height aii 9 pear e to hear II

UNIT 6

lluggage 2 food 3 cash 4 unemployment 5 music 6 violence 7 traffic 8 opportunity 9 ingredient 10 fluid

2 1any 2 some any 3 Some any 4 some any 5 any any 6 some some

) 2 Is there much work to be done in the garden

3 I didnt spend much time on the homework

4 Did they do much research before they found a cure

5 They couldt give me much information about the delay in our flight

6 I didnt have too many problems with this exercise

7 Ive got too much luggage I cant carry it all

8 There is too much traffic on the streets I of our town

4 1 Sample answers 1 There are lots of cheese sandwiches 2 There are a few tuna sandwiches 3 Theres a huge amount of spaghetti 4 Theres only a little rice and

vegetable curry 5 There are several burgers 6 There are no chips 7 There isnt much fruit salad 8 There are a couple of bananas 9 There arent many doughnuts

10 Theres hardly any apple juice

23s lots a huge amount 4 a few 5 s only a little 6 arent any are none (left) 7 a little 8 are a few 9 s only a little (left) 10 ve got a couple 11 a little 12 lots

5 2a few 3 have less respect than 4 few 5 a little 6 Fewer 7 Few 8 a few 9 is little to a few

6 1 I somewhere 2 anyoneanybody 3 anywhere 4 anything 5 everything 6 nothing 7 NobodyNo one 8 nowhere 9 someonesomebody 10 something anything 11 anyone anybody 12 EveryoneEverybody

2 1 b 2a 3c 4d sf 6e 7h 8 g 9i 10j 111 12k 13m 14 n ISo 16p

7 1 I much 2 nobody 3 A couple 4 little 5 few 6 multi 7 all 8 any 9 hardly any 10 enough II a bit 12 part 13 more 14 piece 15 None 16 any 17 more than 18 no 19 something 20 several 21 over 22 a lot 23 aU 24 a great deal of 25 some

2 2 600 shillings is very littlenot very m money

3 Odonga has a lot of friends 4 None of the young people in his village

have jobs 5 It took him several hours to write

the letter 6 There were no jobs available at the

company 7 Conrad Millbank heard about his story 8 Until now Odonga hasnt had much

good fortune in his life

8 1 a piece of cakepaperbread a jar of honey a slice of breadcake a tube of toothpaste a piece of cakepaperbread a loaf of bread a bar of soapchocolate a box of chocolates a tin of soup a can of lemonadesoupcola a bottle of lemonadecola a sheet of paper

2 1 a pieceslice of cake 2 a tincan of soup 3 sheets of paper 4 a box of chocolates 5 bar of chocolate 6 slice of bread 7 many cansbottles of lemonade 8 bar of soap 9 a jar of special honey

9 1 A on foot under arrest overunder pound500 abovelbelowoverunder 75 abovebelow freezing overunder 18 years old under new management on holiday under pressure on business

B duringin the night byon New Years Day byduringin the winter byon Friday afternoon atby the weekend inion time in a fortnights time duringin the rush hour in his forties

2 1 in 2 under 3 Over 4 over 5Over 6 above 7 on 8 at 9 over 10 During lIon 12 under 13 under 14in 15in

10 1 Ellen Miles is calling John Barker about an order she made which hasnt arrived

21 21 31 41 51 6

3 I R 2) 3J 4E 5) 6) 7E 8E

4 I How can I help you 2 Im putting you through now 3 an order I placed with you 4 a week maximum 5 Do you have the order code to hand 6 that all seems to be in order 7 Ill get back to you before 12

111 IV 2N 3V 4N 5N 6V 7N 8V 9N 10V llV 12N

UNIT 7

1 2b 3b 4a 5b 6b 7a 8b

1 1 I shouldought tomust 2 CanMayCould 3 musthave to 4 can 5 maymightwillcould 6 cancould 7 have to 8 mustshouldought tomaymight 9 cancouldought tomustshould

10 have tomust

2 I wont 2 dont have to 3 couldnt 4 wont 5 cant 6 was able to 7 mustnt

3 1 You mustnt stop here 2 We dont have to learn the whole poem 3 They didnt have to take off their shoes 4 He cant be speaking Swedish 5 We didnt have to wear a uniform at school 6 You wont have toneed to help me do

this exercise

4 1 I has to have 2 wont 3 said shed 4 couldnt 5 she had 6 should 7 you must 8 she might 9 can 10 will II cant 12 have to 13 can only 1411 IS ought to 16 You may might 17 You mustnt 18 couldnt 19 You shouldmightcould 20 You must have to

2 I Id better buy her a card 2 Guests are advised not to leave 3 Smoking is only permitted 4 Hes bound to pass 5 The use of dictionaries is not allowed

in this exam 6 People under 18 arent supposed to

buy cigarettes 7 Travellers to the States are required

to have a visa 8 You are likely to findlIt is likely that

youll find 9 I promised to help Jane

10 My parents didnt let me

5 1 2 She must be missing her best friend 3 Itll be Tom 4 She cant still be sleeping 5 They could be having guests 6 He must have a deadline to meet 7 It might be difficult to drive to work 8 She may be hiding in the garden

2 I shouldgo 2 might feel 3 must finish 4 Il pass 5 should be touching down 6 must be 7 cant be 8 could be snowing 9 can snow

10 must be making 11 mightbe 12 could be

61 I V 2M 3V 4V SM 6V 7V 8M

2 I needntdont have to 2 mustnt 3 needntdont have to 4 need tohave to 5 dont have to 6 got to 7 needs

7 1 His bills will take ages to payoff He accumulated debts of pound2000 Inflation went up by 2 She contributes to the household bills I earned pound2000 in interest My credit card expires at the end of July I changed some travellers cheques The exchange rate is good just now

2 I check-out 2 added 3 bill 4 pay S-salary 6 by cheque 7 overdrawn 8-credit card 9 cash 10 reduce II came to 12 saving 13 change 14 receipt

8 2 off with 3 down on 4 on with 5 up for 6 away with 7 out of 8 out with off with 9 up with lOon with out with

91 la 2b 3b 4c 5c 6b

2 I a bit annoyed 2 one or two hurtful 3 a bit of trouble at work 4 down a bit 5 hasnt been great

10 I doesnt 2 shouldnt 3 mustnt 4 promised 5 strapped 6 distinctly 7 special 8 arranged 9 friendship

to comfortable II excitement 12 impressed

11 I Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of weight recently

Kevin Youre Jillding If ~thing hes l2ll weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me Kevin Well I know he earns a ll21 more

than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a secondshyhand Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a brand new one

4 Alan Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Kevin Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are designer labels

5 Alan Does Frank have many stocks and shares

Kevin He has ~ of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin Noin~hesin~

on holiday

7 Alan His latest car is a Wi ~ Mercedes

Kevin Really The car I saw him in was a ~ link Mercedes

UNIT 8

lib 2c 3a 4b Sb 6a 7b 8c

2 1 J D 2 D 3 NO 4 0 5 ND 6 D 7 NO 8 D 9 ND 10 NO

2 I Id love to meet someone who could teach me how to cook

2 Were looking for a house which has four bedrooms

3 We went to see Romeo and Juliet which I really enjoyed

4 Do you know a shop that sells secondshyhand furniture

5 Abraham Lincoln who was President of the United States died at the theatre

6 I find people who lose their temper difficult to get on with

7 My computer which I bought just last year is already out ofdate

8 I met a girl I went to school with 9 Professor James Williams who many

people consider to be the worlds expert on volcanoes will give a talk next week

10 I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich which I ate immediately

3 4 The thing I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 no change 7 no change 8 no change 9 Salt whose qualities have been known

since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD I bought yesterday doesnt work II no change 12 The Algarve where my mothers family

comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Answer key 91

4 1 I how much I miss 2 what I believe to 3 which was a mgntrnare 4 where 5 whose came down to her waist 6 which came as a bit of a v bullbull 0

7 when you expect to arrive 8 want

2 1who 2 thatwhich 3 where 4 which 5 6whose 7which 8- 9shy10 that 11 whose 12 - 13 where 14 which 15 Whatever

5 2 Shes a friend (who) I can 3 Thats the man the

for 4 She recommended a book Robert

Palmer who Id never of 5 The suit I pound400 for has been

reduced to to 6 This is the book (that) I was

about 7 The

6 3 screamUrlg 6 conruslllg 9 tnghternng 11 dis3lPPolintlnR 14 dlslturtgtlnR 17 disaIPPcint~~d 19 prornisillg

7 1 2 3 Letters 4 The 5 Firemen have rescued passengers

overlo()kJrlg Ule River Thames crowds

2 2 finishing 5 8 explainill1g

8lj 2b 3d 4g 5c 6m 71 8n 9a lOe Ili 12k 13f 14h

9 1

2 1 breathtaking 3 automatic 6 picture5ique 8 narlO-lrl1a(le overcrow(ed deserted

lOla tenmiddotDOllino 2 a course 3 a three-hour 4 a three-course meal 5 a two-week 6 a two-hour 7 a ten-page letter 8 a unilverSltv course

12 a two house

11 1of 2 with for 3 for 4 of 5of 6 in 7 from to 8 about 9 to 10 of It of 12 for 13 for 14 with 15 about

sumptuous ~nllnlmrlnl

business 8 fasten exhausted whistle

2 1scientific 2 PS)ChlgtlolftlSt 4 5 7 8 gralldtather lOcaJm

UNIT 9

1 Id 2 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i lOa

the

about

3 She eats it every 4 He never cornplaining

footballs on 5

the chance

he

11 I used to 2 Did you use to 3 never used todidnt use to 4 Did use to 5 to 6 didnt use to 7 did use to 8 you use to

2 2 a b c 3 a 4 a b c 5 a b c 6 a 7 a b c 8 a b 9 a 10 a h c

3 1 sentences 2 4 5 89

2 answers dad will mendwill insist on

me~ndlng his motorbike in the room

2

3

toast

2rSIndma would never turn on her

4 1 1 arent used to 2 used to 3 used to get used to 4 got used to 5 used to 6 didnt use to 7 s used to 8 used to 9 use to

10 Have got used to

2 1 2

9 gets

51 al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hi i3 j1 k2 11 m3 n2 03

2 1 used 2 would 3 to 4 didnt 5 use 6 used 7 8 never

6 2 wave 3 4 right 5 suit 6 fair 7 sort 8 9 train

7 1 a bored b board 2 a allowed b aloud 3 a whale b wail 4 a b court 5 a loan b lone 6 a hire b

8 1 1 f 2 i 31 4b 5h 6g 7c 8e 9d lOa IIj 12 k

2

5 come 6 told 7 deal with 8 fit in with 9 oUlof

9 1 1 c 2b

2 1 3 5 6 8 9

10 1

2

3

4 5

6 7

8

9 Wed~ki~ forward t~ming fcQS then at last minute we werent able to l~ou-itdown~ couple of

minutes

2 A What are you doing at the weekend B I havent decided yet A Were going to Scotland Do you want

to come too B Id love to Where are you staying A Weve decided to camp None of us can

afford to pay for a hotel B Camping in Scotland in October

Youll be freezing cold A No we wont weve got strong tents

lots of warm clothes and thick sleeping bags

B Have you checked the weather forecast A Of course we have and its pretty warm

for October B OK then Itll be quite an adventure A Excellent Ill tell the others - theyll be

delighted Well pick you up at six on Friday See you then Goodbye

B Bye

UNIT 10

2 I had to take the pills three times a day 3 They must have been away on holiday 4 We couldnt see the top of the mountain S He cant have been be a millionaire 6 We werent allowed to shout in the

classroom 7 He wouldnt go to bed 8 That will have been John on the phone 9 You should have been more careful

10 You could have helped with the washingshyup for a change

11 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2 Possible answers If I go to India I canwillmaymight see

the Taj Mahal If I went to India I mightwouldcould

see the Taj Mahal If Id gone to India I mightwouldcould

have seen the Taj Mahal

3 1 1 She must have got engaged to Andy 2 He cant have cut it for ages 3 They must have been doing something

naughty 4 She must have been making a cake S They might have gone without me 6 He cant have had guests last night 7 They must have arrived home by now 8 She mightmust have mislaid my

number

2 1 It must have been blown down by the wind

2 They must have been washed with something red

3 It cant have been repaired properly 4 It cant have been dry-cleaned recently S They cant have been watered while

we were away 6 It must have been hit by a stone

4 1 could have used 2 might have climbed up 3 neednt have bothered 4 must have been joking S cant have spent 6 might have misheard 7 should have phoned 8 may have been delayed 9 neednt have worried

10 shouldnt have burned 11 must have fallen 12 cant have put on

5 1 shouldnt have 2 may have 11 have 3 d have could have might have d have

neednt have should have 4 must have

61 Ib 2a 3b

2 1 would have been 2 must have been lying 3 couldnt have survived 4 may have had 5 must have fallen 6 could hear 7 will have got 8 could have broken 9 must have been talking

10 neednt have been 11 might have died 12 must have been 13 should have done 14 could have been

7 1 heart-to-heart 2 hands full 3 face the fact 4 heart 5 head for business 6 sharp tongue 7 heart of gold 8 put a brave face 9 pulling my leg

10 give her a hand

81 Physical appunnce Perscnlity graceful moody wrinkled big-headed skinny brainy bald quick-thinking well-buit nosy smart cheeky curly narrow-minded

affectionate smart hard-hearted

2 1 handed 2 elbow 3 thumbed 4 eyed 5 was footing 6 headed 7 are armed 8 shoulder

9 1 2 remind of 3 congratulated on 4 models on S hide from 6 held to 7 invited to 8 trick into 9 inherit from

10 shouted at 11 forgive for 12 was accused of

10 should good leaf chief bread said taught court choose lose chef deaf toes knows through knew hate weight wore pour tight height brain reign full wool leave grieve pool fool foot put blood mud

2 1 An exceedingly fat friend of mine When asked at what hour hed dine Replied At eleven At three five and seven And eight and a quarter past nine

2 A gourmet dining at Crewe Found a rather large mouse in his stew Said the waiter Dont shout And wave it about Or the rest will be wanting one too

UNIT 11

1 1 14 8 refer to real past time The others refer to the hypothetical past

2 1~ 2 3~ 4~ 5 6~ 7~ 8

3 2 dont 3 didnt 4 cant S is 6 wont 7do 8 washave 9donthavent

1 1 I wish you were rich I wish you couldwouldhad come I wish I were rich I wish I couldhad come

2 1 could was able to 2 wasnt 3 had 4 hadnt gone 5 have stayed 6 didnt speak wouldnt speak 7 d had 8 lived

) 1 1 I wish Id invited him to lunch 2 You should have been watching the road 3 If only I hadnt said that to her 4 I wish I hadnt hit him S Id rather you didnt tell her 6 I wish Meg wouldnt stay out so late 7 I should have worked harder for

my exams

Answer key 93

2

somwhere

4 Weshould 5 I wish Id 6 Cat I wish

4 1 wish 2 3 could 4 would 5 have 6 should 7 8 wouldnt 9 unless 10 could 11 would 12 had 13 14 have IShad 16could ]7s 18 realized 19 if 20 hadnt

5 1 I shed set her alarm dock 2 she hadnt been late 3 wouldnt have the

ladies restroom and she wouldnt have torgotten to meet Nell for lunch

4 wouldnt have ended their

5 she wouldnt have lost a contact lens 6 she hadnt lost a contact lens 7 she wouldnt have had to wait at

the bus stop in the rain I she hadnt so wet

8 she waited at the in the rain I she hadnt got so wet

9 she hadnt to meet her three times

10 it wouldnt have eaten the canary

2 1 I wouldnt have been ill if I hadnt had the shellfish

2 I would have you if I had had the time

3 If I had known the washable I have

4 I wouldnt have believed it if I seen it with my own eyes

1 feel wont 2 sold d 3 see II tell 4 hadnt 5 didnt be

wouldnt have worked

have heard wouldnt be

do saw would run would know

would have burned down

1 1 1 2 in case 3 unless 4 Unless 5 6 in case 7 Had 8 Should

2 I I wont come unless 2 he left 3 you had

you have been a champlion

to install a smoke alarm in fire that unless she learns

8 at my desk until 600 should you need to to me about the maUer

1 1 2 unreadable 3 childish 4 5 sensitive 6 sensible 7 truthful 8 true 9 intolerant 10 intolerable II economic 12 economical

1 breakdown 2 comeback 3 rnflrlCmiddotmiddotlln

4 outcome 5outlook 6 outbreak 7 8 feedback 9 takfaww

10 aovvnr~ul

10 1 Set up a home office 2 computer computer table 3 Some of the 4 Hes no 5 he

2 Ib 2c 3a 4d

1M 2G 3G 4M 5M 6M 7G 8M

n 2 leI bread breath breadth thread deaf death lead meant weapon

li1 meat scream breathe cheat beast heal reason

III ear dear tear hear dear theatre weary

le)1 wear tear bear pear swear

lell break

lalearn earth search

1 I a 2 the 3 the 4 a 5 a the 6 the 7 a - 8 the - 9 a The - the

2 1 A 2 the 3 a 4 - 5 the 6 a 7 the 8 a 9 the 10 - 11 the 12her 13the 14a 15- 16shy17 18 a 19 the 20 The 2I an 22the 23the 24 the

1 1

2 I All none 2 either both 3 both neither 4 every 5 7 Each 8 either both 9 10 Either 11 both either 12 Each

) 1These 2 This 3That 4 those 5 that 6 that 7 this 8 these 9 this 10 this 11 that 12 this 13 That 14 those 15 that

4 2 the 3 one 4 her 7 of 8

11 her 12 a lot of 13 the 17 those

18 no 19 their 20 most her 22 a 23 several 24 this 25 the 26 her 27 The

aU

6 1 be on the safe side in touch with sb no in on ones mind

up to date have the nerve to do sth a word with sb

no sth

2 2 have the to 3 will be in touch with 4 is on mind 5 havea with 6 had the nerve to 7 to be on the safe side 8 have no chance of 9 no in

10 have been in touch with

1 lout of 2 in 3 on 4 for 5 in 6 between 7 for 8 to 9 about 10 with 11 to 12 of 13 14 in 15 to

11 IT 2F 3F 4F 5T 6T

2 1Apt)arentlv 3 After all 4 Ho~)etuilly 6 Pr~umably fact

NOIm Verb advice 1Jdvals to advise 1Jdvalzl use louse abuse to abuse belief to believe relief Inlifl to relieve Irllivl

to excuse to excuse breath to breathe half Ihafl to halve Ihavl house Ihaosl to house Ihaozl

safe Iseafl to save Isew bath Ibael to bathe lbel61

10 1 B I did do it 2 B 3 B I 4 B I knew that ago 5 B 1didnt tell 6 B I teU her 7 B I 8 B I 9 B I like Annie I think

10 B 11ike her

94 key

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9

10 11

12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Phonetic symbols

Consonants

Ipl as in pen Ipenl bl as in big bIg I It I as in tea Iti1 Id as in do Idu1

IkJ as in cat Ikret Igl as in go Ig~ol

IfI as in four IfJI Ivl as in very veril

lsI as in son ISAnl IzI asin zoo Izu1 11 as in live Ihvl ImJ asm my ImaJi Inl as in near Im~1

hI as in happy hrepil

Irl as in red Iredl Ijl as in yes Ijesl Iwl as in want Iwont

leI as in thanks lerelJksl

161 as in the 16~1

III as in she IIi1

13 I as in television ltehvl3l11

ItII as in child ItlaIldl Id3 I as in German d33m~nl

IIJI as in English IllJghJI

Vowels

2S li1 as in see Isi1 26 III as in his IhIzI 27 Iii as in twenty Itwentil 28 leI as in ten Itenl 29 lrel as in stamp Istrempl

30 101 as in father fo6~1

31 101 as in hot hot

32 IJI as in morning lmJmIJI 33 101 as in football lfutbJII

34 lu1 as in you Iju1 3S IAI as in sun ISAnI

36 131 as in learn 113nI 37 I~I as in letter 1let~1

DIphthongs (two vowels together)

38 lell asm name Inelm I 39 ~o as in no In~o

40 lall as in my Imal I 41 lau asin how haul

42 bJi as in boybJJi

43 II~I as 10 hear hI~1

44 le~1 as in where Iwe~1

45 lu~1 as in tour Ito~

BoskofVictoria Ivleva) Kobal j)rnterlDrearnw1orks) (Frank

(New (ralnlx)wlhotodlsc) 64 (Taj MahaljPhotodisc) Phcltolilbrary

1ul 1 RFJ 35 (mother ampdaughter in kitchenj wCltchling1V1rMltJlOdlgtoord RF) Punchstock

(two men all~illgJIlJal1lanaStoct) 19 ofboo~S~lot(~isc)32~~re~miln2

UNIVERSITY PIllESS

Great Clarendon Street Oxford OX2 6DP

Oxford University Press is a department ofthe University ofOxford

putllistling wOlrldvvide in research scholarship

Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala lumpur Madrid Melbol1rne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto

With offices in

Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Poland Ponugal Sin~alllOre South Korea Thrkey Ukraine

OXFORD and OXFORD ENGLISH are registered trade marks of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries

() Oxford University Press 2009

The moral rights ofthe author have been asserted

Database right Oxford University Press (maker)

First published 2009 1013 2012 1011 2010 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

No unauthorized photocopying All rights reserved No part ofthis publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means vvithout the University Press

expJresslly pE~rmined by law the applropriate organization Enquiries concerning reproduction outside

should be sent to the ElT Rights Department Oxford University Press at the address above

You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer

Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain and their addresses are provided by Oxford University Press for information only Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility for the content

ISBN-13 9780 194714433

Printed in China

This book is printed on paper from certified and wen-managed sources

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

16 A Vision Life 2004 Reproduced by kind

permission ofClare Chapman p54 Seeker reproduced from Radio Times Magazine 2-9 July 2004 Reproduced by kind permission

nustrntions by Gill Bunon p9 Paul GiIIiganJ(etty Images Ned jolliffe pp 36 69 Roger Penvvill pS8 Harry Venning pp38 5771 80 172

Commissioned Photography by Pierre dAlancaisez 134 Mark Mason p47 Garry OBrien (cottage) p60

1kn1IC IJnh reslllltsfPallil Bald1esare) 32man at desk Iptlilnir wmiddotflITIIn smiJirtgfStere Hamblin) 50 (Concorde

Richard Cooke) SO (Angel FaUsJacquesjangoux) 51 (Praia Da peL) 60 (GrandadfDenmanJAlamy) 63 (man on phonefFogStock) 67 (girl two boysJUPITERIMAGESCreatas) 71 (woman manimageshop) 791windsurferl Steve Austin) Anthony Blake Photo Buntrock) Axiom Photographic Agency 50 (Petronas TowersfMary Winch) Cartoon 11 (carAdey Bryant) 15 (waiterJPatrick Hardin) 24 (answerphone Hatley Schwadron) 39 (advertiSingJohn Morris) 65 (customsRoy Nixon) 74 Percival) Corbis pp 05 (woman on phone FancyfVeerl 12 Van Hasselt) 21 (ShrekEriko SugitaJ Reuters) 26 (Frank AbagnaleReuters) 28 (women having serious talkfNorbert Schaefer) 42 (Gisele BundchenEpitacio setl Christian SinlorlpiietriiSjgrrla) 77 (girl at computerlWA-JDCj 79 (woman walking in Ramazanijzefa) Coreyography LLC Images p13 Exley Publications Fiddys Guide to Husbands

Lose Weight) 31 78 Getty Editorial pp17 Ihi1Icpr lPnitllrlmiddotiPI~fltnmiddot 56 Impact Photos Ltd

68 (having coffeeBrand XPictures) 71 (mature manfRubberball) 76 (two menJIT Stock free) 82 Rex Features pp06 Studio Aisslinger 30 (Tom Meddle)

ISBN 978-0middot19middot471443middot3

III II9 780194 714433

  • boonedpdf
    • coverpdf
    • workbook with key
      • end
Page 2: Upper-Intermediate Workbook with

You will need to listen to the CD for some exercises You can download CD track lists at wwwoupcomeltheadwaytracklists If you dont have the CD you can read the tapescripts on pp83-85

UNIT 1

The tense system 1 Identifying tenses 4 2 Correcting mistakes 5 3 Choosing the right tense 5

Passives 4 Active or passive 6

Auxiliary verbs 5 Living it up 6 6 have be or do 7

have and have got 7 Forms of have and have got 7

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns 8 9 house and home idioms 8

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings 9

Pronunciation 11 Vowel sounds and sentence stress 10

Listening 12 A good mate 10

UNIT 2

Present Perfect 1 Present Perfect Simple or

Continuous 11 2 Present Perfect and Past Simple 12

Simple or continuous verb forms 3 Spider-boy 12

Passive 4 Present Perfect passive 14 5 have something done 14

Vocabulary 6 Revision make or do 15 7 Travel and transport 16

Prepositions 8 Prepositions of movement 16

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 17

Listening 10 A camping nightmare 17

UNIT 3

Narrative tenses 1 Irregular verbs 18 2 Past Simple or Past Continuous 18 3 Which narrative tense 19 4 Time expressions 20

Past passives 5 Active to passive 20

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature 22

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1 phrasal verbs 22

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs 23

UNIT 4

Negatives 1 Negative auxiliaries 24 2 no not -nt or none 24 3 Opposite meanings 25 4 I dont think youre right 25

Questions 5 Catch me if you can 26 6 Indirect questions 27 7 Questions and prepositions 27 8 Negative questions 28 9 Can you keep a secret 28

Vocabulary 10 Revision antonyms and

synonyms 29 11 Hot Verbs keep and lose 29

Prepositions 12 Verb + preposition 30 l3 Intonation in question tags 30

UNIT 5

Future forms 1 Question tags 3J 2 will or going to- 31 3 What does John say 32 4 Future Continuous or Future

Perfect 32 5 Pop star and soap star in

New York 33 6 Correcting mistakes 34

Conjunctions in time clauses 7 Future time clauses 34

Vocabulary 8 Revision take or put 35 9 Words commonly confused 35

Phrasal verbs 10 Types 2 and 3 36

Pronunciation 11 Sounds and spelling 36

UNIT 6

Countable and uncountable nouns 1 Countable or uncountable 37 2 some or any 37 3 much or many 37 4 The canteen 38 5 very little a little very few a few

fewer less 38

Compounds with some any no every

6 something anybody nowhere everyone 39

Expressing quantity 7 Odonga uses his loaf 40

Vocabulary 8 A piece of cake 41

Prepositions 9 Prepositions and nouns 42

43

43

1 MeanUlg 2 Which modal 3 Positive to ne~atliJe 45

6 need 47

10 Consonant dusters 49 11 Sentence stress 49

IINI] S

50 LJlUnl1~ or 51

3 Punctuation and omlttu12 the 51

4 pronouns 52 5 Prepo~jti~[)ns in relative dauses 52

53

55

56

12 Silent consonants 56

verbs 75

76

OrOn01JnCm2 ea 76

77

78

79

2 How certain 3 Past probabilIty 81 4 Past modals 66 5 Past modals various uses 66 6 Famous Three 66 82

68 82

69

69 96

70

72

73

75

The tense system Auxiliary verbs havehave got

No place like home

The tense system Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141 14 My favourite white T-shirt went pink It

1

Identifying tenses Write in the correct verb form active or passive using the verb in the box

15

- shy ___with my daughters red jumper

Simon was all wet because he -- shy __the car

sell walk

A How did you get here

16 My sister earns a good salary She _____ computer software

2

3

B We walked It didnt take long

Our baby Jack _____ now Hes a year old

I need to have a rest We non-stop for four hours

17

18

If no one offers to buy the house it _____ by auction next month

I wish Id bought that antique chair I saw in the

shop window Im sure it will have been ~old by now

take teach

4

5

It was a hard match At half-time one of the

footballers to hospital

This shirt fits me 1 _____ it

19

20

At the end of this term I for six years

The children how to make cakes when one boy dropped his bowl on the teachers foot

2 Complete the tense chart with the verb forms from 6 My cat looked guilty He_____some food exercise 1from the kitchen table

7 We need a new car We this one for ages

8 We a lovely picnic until my wife was stung by a bee

9 Dont phone at 800 We _____ dinner then

make

10 Our sandwiches _____ freshly

_____daily

11 Have you heard about Lenny He _____ redundant

12 By the time Im forty I _____ enough money to retire

wash 13 A Where are my jeans

B They at the moment

Active Simple 2 ntinuous

Present

Past walked

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

Passive Simple Continuous

Present

Past

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

4 Unit 1 bull No place like home

2 Correcting mistakes Correct the sentences

r working

10 l-wefk hard at the moment

because I have exams next week

20 Its really cold lately so Ive

bought a new winter coat

30 Arsenal play really well at the

moment Their new player has

real talent

40 Ive heard youll get married

Congratulations

5 0 I was doing my homework

when my friend was calling

60 When I was a little girl Ive

always spent my pocket money

on sweets

70 I worked with Paulo for two

years now and we still get on

well together

80 I cant decide what to buy

my brother for his birthday

Perhaps Im going to get him

a new shirt

9 0 A one-day strike has called by

London Underground workers

for Friday this week

10 0 The teacher said that Megan had

been working hard and was

deserved to pass all her exams

3 Choosing the right tense UII Read the telephone conversation between Sophie in New Zealand and her mum in Britain Put the verbs into the correct tense Sometimes there is more than one answer

Phoning home M Hello

S Muml Its mel How (1) you (do)

M Sophie What a nice surpriset Where (2)

_____ (phone) from

you

S 1(3) _____(stay) in a hotel in Auckland at the momen1

and I (4) just (find) this payphone

and I (5) (want) to actually speak to you for a while so

M Well it (6) (be) great to hear your voice We (7) ____

(miss) you so much Im glad you (8) _____(be) home in a few days

1cant waitl

S Me neither But I (9) _____ (send) you and Dad lots of emails and

letters havent I I (10) (write) you another long email today

but it isnt finished yet And I (11) (buy) you some fantastic

presentsI

M Good Im glad to hear itl And next time I hope you (12) _____

(not stay) away for so long and I hope we (13) _____ (be able) to fly

out and meet up with youl

S Of course you willi But Mum I (14) _____never _____

(visit) such a beautiful place in all my life Do you know where we

(15)_____ (go) yesterday It was a place called Hot Water Beach It

(16) (be) fantastic We (17) (dig) holes in the

sand and (18) (sit) in hot bubbling water up to our necksl

M Sounds amazingI Lucky you I

SOh I (19) really (look forward) to seeing you and Dad again on Friday See you at the airport at 830 Dont forget

M We (20) (wait) there with open armsl Safe journey Sophie See you soonl

Passives Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Active or passive 1 These sentences sound unnatural in the

active Rewrite them using the passive

1 They built our house in the 17th century

2 Someones decorating my flat at the moment

3 Has someone fixed the coffee machine yet

4 We ate in restaurants while they were building the new kitchen

While the new kitchen

5 We arrived at work to find out that someone had burgled our office

6 They wont recognize her in those dark glasses

She

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense active or passive

The burglars (catch) as

they (leave) the office

2 The postbox always

_____ (empty) at 12 midday

3 Aunt Mary is terribly upset Her cat

_____ (miss) for three days now

4 We _____ (drive)downaquiet

country lane when suddenly we

--____ (overtake) by a police car

5 When I woke up this morning the world

looked magical It (snow) all night

6 When you ( arrive) in

New York you (pick up) by one of our drivers and taken to the conference centre

6 Unit 1 bull No place like home

1 Put the verb in brackets into the correct verb form active or passive positive or negative Sometimes there is more than one answer

A German architect Werner Aisslinger thinks that he (l) _____

(find) the answer to our crowded cities He (2) _____ (invent)

a portable micro-apartment These apartments (3) (call)

Loftcubes and they can (4) ~____ (lift) onto any empty flat

roof by helicopter

Each Loftcube (S) _____ (design) with a kitchen and

- bathroom as well as a large living area They are extremely modern-

they (6) (build) using all the latest ideas fabrics and

technology in interior design

The Loftcube (7) first_____ (show) at an

exhibition in Berlin last year but Be~lin (8) _____ (be) the right

place for them because it (9) _____(have) a housing shortage

These apartments (10) _____need) in busy overcrowded cities

such as London and New York

They ClI (cost) very much - only pound38000 In the

future Aissl inger hopes that young professionals who often move from

city to city Cl2 (buy) them When it Cl3 ---- shy

be time to move they (14) ___ just _____ take their

home with them

Since the Berlin exhibition last year we U5 ____ _ (speak)

to a number of companies interested in building them but no decisions

(16) (make) yet says Aisslinger

He thinks that the homes (I7) (be) ready by the end of

next year Aisslingers vision of the future is of many rooftop communities

in each big City and it is possible that this way of life (lS) ---- shy

(reach) Britain first

2 Here are the answers to some questions about Werner Aisslinger and his Loftcube Write the questions

What A portable micro-apartment called a Loftcube

2 Why Loftcubes Because they can be lifted onto any roof by helicopter

3 Where At an exhibition in Berlin last year

4 In busy overcrowded cities

S pound38000

6 Young professionals who often move from city to city

7 Who A number of companies interested in building Loftcubes

8

By the end of next year

Auxiliary verbs Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

6 have be or do Complete the sentences with the correct form of have be or do Write A for an auxiliary verb and F for a full verb Sometimes the auxiliary is negative

1 [] They had finished supper when we arrived

2 [poundJ We had pizza for supper last night

3 0 It been a lovely day Thank you

4 0 I my homework very quickly yesterday evening

S D I always a shower after work

6 D I always had a passion for Lebanese food

7 D Fatima overslept so she catch her train

8 D What have you to your hair You look awful

9 D What your new boss look like

10 D This self-portrait painted by Van Gogh

11 D My car being repaired at the moment

12 D I hate the washing-up Id like a dishwasher

have and have got Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

7 Forms ofhave and have got Complete the conversations with a form of have or have got Sometimes both forms are possible

A Rebecca you a headache

B No its not that I a driving test tomorrow and I feel sick

A Good luck I hope you pass

B Well I a new car so it would be good ____ a driving licence

2 A ____ you ____ any pets

B No we you

A Oh yes I a cat all my life At the moment 1____ a cat two fish and two birds

B Id love a cat but Im not so sure about birds

3 A Come on We hurry Were late

B But I my passport I cant find it anywhere

A You it yesterday a look in your bag

B I it You were right

4 A Im looking forward to a few days holiday I ____ so much work for the past couple of months I a break forages

B Youre lucky I any holiday left

Unit 1 bull No place like home 1

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns

Write one word to make three compound nouns Check the use of hyphens in your dictionary

test works pressure sign10 donor map

cover line case port2 11 shelf mail

fall light 3 melon 12 break

skiing dream

house shake 4 grocer 13 writing

salad bag

club cube 5 mare 14 berg

time rink

brief birthday 6 suit 15 credit

book business

tea scape 7 plastic 16 lady

shopping slide

bow shop 8 coat 17 centre

drop car

note 9 rise 18 address

set visitors

Amazing But when we go on holiday one suitcase is too heavy for you

9 house and home idioms Tick (-) the correct definition for each idiom Use your dictionary

They get on like a house on fire a D They have a very good relationship b D They are always having arguments

2 Help yourself to tea or coffee - make yourself at home a D Make your own drinks

b D Please behave in my house as if it were yours

3 The comedians performance brought the house down a D The performance was a success

b D The performance wasnt a success

4 The news report really brought home to me the horrors ofthe famine a D The report made me realize fully the horrors of

the famine

b D The report clearly showed the horrors of famine

S His sarcastic comments really hit home a D He was sarcastic about my house

b D His comments really hurt my feelings

6 This shaky old bridge is actually (as) safe as houses a D Dont worry The bridge is very safe

b D Be careful The bridge isnt safe at all

2 DO Complete the conversations with the idioms from exercise 1 in the correct form

A I was so sorry to hear that your cat had died

B Thank you When I saw her empty bowl it really the fact that Id never

see her again

2 A How did the meeting with Andys parents go

B It was great We all

3 A Hello Sorry were so late our plane was delayed

B Dont worry Just sit down and relax and

Ill put the kettle on

4 A Did you read those excellent reviews in the local

paper about the school play

B Yes I did Apparently it

5 A Im not going up there It looks a bit dangerous

B Oh come on Its and the view from the top is fantastic

6 A Why is Terence always so horrible to poor Dennis

B I dont know But I could see in his face that Terences

cri ticisms really Perhaps hell finally get another job this time

8 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings

8 Phrasal verbs sometimes have a literal meaning and sometimes an idiomatic meaning

Ilooked up the tree but Icouldnt see my cat (literal)

Ilooked up the spelling in my dictionary (idiomatic)

In this exercise the phrasal verbs are all used literally Complete the sentences with a particle from the box Some are used more than once

I away on off bade out down in I The dentist said my tooth was bad He had to pull it

2 Dont run Come here I want to talk to you

3 My aunt fell the stairs and broke her leg

4 And I fell my horse

5 When the sun went it was really cold

6 A button has come my shirt Could

you sew it back for me

7 I dont feel like cooking tonight Shall we eat

-----

8 Im going to the library to take _____ the books Ive finished

9 Ive just hung the washing out and its starting to rain Can you help me to bring it

10 Dont throw that empty box Im sure I can use it for something

Jenny andJanine fell out again last night

2 Complete the pairs of sentences with the same phrasal verb from the box in the correct form Write L for a literal meaning and I for an idiomatic one

take off fall out pick up sort out put up stand up hold on

o After my operation all my hair ----- Its growing back now though

o Jenny and Janine again last night I could hear them arguing

2 0 Im coming to London for an interview next week - can you me for the night

o your hand if you know the answer

3 0 I all my clothes drawers today so now I know where everything is

o Weve got a problem here but if we try hard Im sure we can ____ it-___

4 0 When I was at school we had to _____ when the teacher came in the room

o You shouldnt let your sister tell you what to do all the time You should for yourself more and say what you think

5 0 A Can I speak to Kate please

B Ill just get her

o When youre riding on the back of a motorbike you have to tight

6 0 Its too warm to be wearing a jumper Why dont you it

o After a slow start my business finally started to

7 D I was never taught how to cook I just ___ it from my mother

D The babys crying Can you him

----

Unit 1 bull No place like home 9

2

Pronunciation

lei li1III

Itter b1(gt(

lui lrellu1

101gt1 131

Write the words from the box in the correct place on the chart There are three words for each vowel sound

letter bsy tree suit good cool sock camp early w~ther f~ther floor woman walk fath~ work wQmen shoe search heat m~chine mother daughter fun machine b~lding wQrry odd breakfast want g~rden f~mily

could accent banan~ banana

IAI

101

lal

listening 12 Agood mate

1 011 Listen to the conversation Mark the sentences true (I) or false (~)

1 0 Mike and Jerry arranged to meet 2 0 Mike has been away 3 0 Jerrys enjoying work at the moment 4 0 He likes his new boss 5 0 He doesnt want to apply for another job 6 0 He and Sara have enough money for a new car 7 0 Jerry is going to convince Sara that Mike needs

a holiday 8 D Mike is grateful to Jerry

2 011 Listen again and find expressions for these definitions

visit someone unexpectedly ________

2 Thats a shame I boring I not fair ______

3 a very important person _________

4 I dont understand ---------- shy

5 not feel able to do something________ 6 Thanks ______________________

3 Look at the tapescript on p83 Find examples of where words have been missed out in informal conversation

11 1

Vowel sounds and sentence stress IDI Each of these words in phonetics has a different English vowel sound Write the words (They are all from Unit 1 of the Students Book)

There is a list of phonetic symbols at the back ofthis Workbook

1 Ifrendl 7 Islreml

2 rIlJghJI 8 Iboksl

3 Iklinl 9 lagtu

4 lrohnal 10 IW3k

5 Itukl 11 ItJoU

6 grupl 12 Iwmtal

DO This chart shows the main English vowel sounds

10 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Present Perfect Continuous verb forms have something done

Been there done that

Present Perfect Grammar Reference Students Book p141

Present Perfect Simple or Continuous Match the lines to make sentences

A I -

1 Ive written Ive been writing

to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday

my essay all morning

2 Ive lost weight recently Ive been losing my car keys

3 Theyve missed you lots so come home soon Theyve been missing the train

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work early today to meet Paulas left her uncle

work late all this week

6 The cats been going to our neighbours to have The cats gone its dinner

upstairs

7 Hes had aheart attack Hes been having second thoughts about

accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy anew television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming Ive swum

twenty lengths today which is why my hair is wet

10 Ive been finding my cheque book at last Ive found it difficult to concentrate

recently

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous

Iv k plavinA (play) tennis all morning and Im really tired

2 Please drive carefully to work It_____ (snow) and the roads are very dangerous

3 Howfar _____ you _____ (travel) this morning

4 Kay and Bruno Parker (live) in London for the past five years Recently they _____ (try) to buy a house in the country but they (not manage) to sell their flat yet

5 Bill and Andy (argue) a lot recently because Bills always leaving work early

6 I (eat) so much icemiddotcream I feel sick

7 The trains (run) late all morning

8 Cecilia (cry) all day because she ---__ (fail) all her exams

9 I (sunbathe) all morning and now Ive got sunburn

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 11

2 Present Perfect and Past Simple Look at Junko Tabers personal history Complete the questions and answers

Junko 11lbei THE FIRST WOMAN TO CLIMB EVEREST

Born in Fukushima Japan

Started at Fukushima Elementary School

Went mountain-climbing for the first time with her school class

Joined a mountaineering club

Graduated from Showa Womens University with a degree in English and American literature and devoted herself to mountaineering

Got married

Started the first womens climbing club in Japan

Had her first child a daughter

Climbed Mount Everest and received a medal from the King of Nepal

Hadason

Became the first woman to climb the Seven Summits (the highest mountain in each of the seven continents)

Climbed her 113thmountain

Where was Junlco Tabei born In ____________________________

2 Which ____________________to

FukushiMa EleMentary School

Simple or continuous verb forms Grammar Reference Students Book p141

3 Spider-boy I Read about Scott Cory and choose the correct verb form

Spider-Boy JENNIFER CORY (1) stands is standing in Yosemite National

Park California looking though a powerful telescope She looks

like a bird-watcher but she (2) actually watches is actually

watching her 14-year-old son Scott who (3) climbs is climbing

the face of a 2900-foot mountain He (4) has climbed has been

climbing all morning and he (5) has nearly reached has nearly

been reaching the top

Scott Cory is the American schoolboy rock-climbing sensation

He (6) has already climbed has already been climbing some of

the highest most dangerous rock -faces in the world He (7) started

climbing was starting climbing when he was seven and he

(8) broke was breaking his first record when he was II He

(9) became was becoming the youngest person to climb the

famous EI Capitan mountain in one day He (10) has been named

has been being namedSpider-boy by the press

Scott (11) trains is training at least five hours aday four days a

week He (12) has prepared has been preparing for months for his 3 How long __________ climbing

Since she ______________________

4 What ___________at university

5 How long _________________ married

_______________________ 38 years

6 What ______________ she was 30 bull

7 When _________Mount Everest ________________ 36

8 Who _____________________ a medal The __________________________~

9 How many _________climbed

10 Has _______________ exciting life

latest challenge Next month he (13) will climb will be climbing

La Esfmge mountain in Peru Steve Schneider 43 his fellow rockshy

c1imber says I (14) havent seen havent been seeing any other

kids do what he does

l1li Read Scotts email from Peru Complete the email with the verbs in the box in the correct form Decide if the verbs are simple or continuous Sometimes there is more than one answer

do (x 2) arrive choose stay go become train call be not be look make take prepare not enjoy sound get

Dear Mom and Dad

Lots of love from sunny Peru I (1) M doing fine so far

and Steve (2) good care of me as usual We

(3) _____at Lima airport last night I

(4) the flight much It was very long

Lima is very hot and crowded but we (5) _____

only here for one more night Tomorrow we

(6) to La Esfinge to take a look Steve says

that out of all the mountains here he (7) the

hardest climb for us It (8) Welcome to the

Slabs of Koricancha Funny name eh

I think this climb (9) harder than anything

I (10) in my life The high altitude

(11) it difficult to breathe And there

(12) many hand and foot holds because the

rock face is so smooth But I (13) forward

to it It (14) like a lot of fun

I (15) so hard recently and I think I

(16) enough for this climb So please dont

worry about me If we (17) to the top we

(18) _____ the first Americans to do it

Wish me luck and thanks for everything Mom and Dad

Scott

Passive Grammar reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Present Perfect passive 1 Rewrite the sentences using the passive and omitting

the subject

The shop has already delivered the new sofa Thenewsofu __________________________

2 Have the workmen repaired the street lights yet

3 The government has just passed some new antishysmoking laws

Some new anti-smoking laws ------------ shy

4 The local counci1 hasnt built any new homes for twenty years No _________________________________

5 Nobody has watered the plants The plants ___________________________

2 Rewrite the newspaper headlines using the Present Perfect passive

Rat Alert at BuckinahaJD Palace

Ratl hav4 found itt BM~M PaiaM

2 Dramatic Rescue of Yachtsman in Pacific

Theft of Valuable Jewels fngtnl Sothebys

4 Missing Boy Alive

5 Huge Pay Rise for Police

6 Monsoon Kills 260 in India

7 AncieDt Tomb Discovery iD Egypt

5 have something done

1 Look at the difference in meaning between these three sentences

fve repaired my bicycle=I repaired it myself My bicycle has been repaired =Someone repaired it It is not important who did it fve had mybicycle repaired = Iarrangedpaid for someone to repair it for me (have + object + past participle)

2 Have something done is used to talk about services that you ask someone else to do

rmgoing to have myhair cut

1 Rewrite the sentences using have something done

Johns kitchen is being decorated

Uampg having thamp kitchampn duoratampd

2 My sister wants someone to pierce her ears

She wants to _________________________

3 My eyes are going to be tested

Im going to _________________________

4 Mr and Mrs Turners car has been serviced They ____________________________

5 Our television hasnt been repaired yet We havent __________________________~

2 Its Melanie and Kens wedding day Look at the notes and write sentences about what they have had are having done

ghampghad hampr wuJdin9 drampgg Madamp Uamp bullbull Thampy bullbullbull

R~C~NiLY - wedliiKl dress ~ - t~ iKvitttioKS priKted - t~ ctJ(e decortted

y~ST~RDAY - weddiK~ S1Ait amplivered - klir e1At

TODAY - klir c1o-Ke - ftowers amplivered

~~~T W~~K - ~otos ampveloped - weddiK~ dress d1-elepound-Ked

8 Ferrari Shock - 2000 Redundancies

14 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Vocabulary 1

6 Revision make or do 1 IDI Complete the conversations with make or do in the

correct form A How many wedding invitations do we need

B Mmm Let me see Fifty Thatll ( 1 ) fine

2 A Cant you (2) ___

schoolwork Joe

B Well Im (3) ___

more of an effort with your

my best Dad

3 A What have you bought all that old furniture fod

B Im going to (4) it up and sell it I think Ill (5) a nice profit on it

A Is this what youre going to (6) for a living now What happened to your job at the bank

B It was boring And they asked me to (7) overtime Im not working on Saturday mornings no way

A But it was a good job You couldve (8) well there

B Well I didnt like the manager much I dont think I (9) a very good impression on him

A Well Im not surprised You never (10) it to work on time

B Anyway you should have seen his face when I told him I was leaving (11) my day

A Oh that (12) it I can (13) without you and your old furniture all over the place Im going to look for another flatmate

5

6

7

The foods prettybad here but we make up for it with exceptionally large portions

2 Complete the sentences with these expressions in the correct form

make up for sth make off with 5th make the big time make sth of 5b do without 5b could do with sth make 5th in time

Wow Look at your name in lights

outside the theatre Youve really

2 Thank you so much for helping me

I couldnt

3 A What happened to my tuna sandwich

B Im afraid the cat grabbed it and

Sorry

4 Flowers and chocolates I know youre

trying to forgetting

my birthday But youll have to try harder

than that

Im really hungry I a big steak and chips right now

Cathy behaves really strangely sometimes

I dont know what to

Im late Ill never

the station

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 15

Vocabulary 2 Prepositions 7 Travel and transport 8 Prepositions of movement 1 Tick the verbs which go with each form of transport Complete the text with prepositions from the box

Use each preposition at least once

2 Complete the table below with the nouns in the box Some can go into more than one column

runway platform seat belt crash helmet harbour carriage traffic lights life-jacket ticket collector service station season ticket trolley tyres track horn port one-way street check-in desk traffic jam timetable hand luggage Customs deck tunnel porter cabin aisle seat

get intut of

car bus bike train plane 1-

shipferry

get onoff

takeoff

land

ride

drive

catch

miss

board

park

charter flight cycle lane cargo

car bus bike -

~

train plane shipferry ~

across against on onto along in off into up out of over through past to towards at

Joes journey across town Joes plane landed on time (I) ___

Heathrow airport He had exactly one

hour to get (2) the airport

and (3) ___

Manchester He hurried (5) ___

Customs and passport control and then

raced (6) the taxi sign at the exit

Unfortunately at that moment the strap on his rucksack

broke and it fell (7) his back and (8) -- shy

the ground Dirty socks shirts and tee-shirts spilt all

(9) the airport floor Joe was so embarrassed~

He stuffed everything back (10) his rucksack

and pushing his way (11) the crowds of people

finally made it (12) the taxi rank He jumped

(13) the nearest taxi shouting Euston Station

quickly please The taxi had to stop suddenly to avoid a

child so Joe was thrown forward hitting his face

(14) the glass partition The taxi sped on and

finally arrived (15) the city centre and inevitably

the middle of a traffic jam It would be quicker to walk Joe

paid the driver leapt (16) the taxi and ran

(17) the pavement (18) all the

brightly-lit shop windows At last he could see the station

oppositel but it was difficult to get (19) the road

because of all the traffic He reached the station just as his

train was leaving He jumped (20) the barrier

raced (21) the platform and leapt (22) -- shy

the train with seconds to spare He sighed with relief - he

would be home in time for New Year

16 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 1 IDJ Here are pairs of words in phonetic

script from Students Book Unit 2 Look at the stress marks Transcribe them and practise saying them

1 lkspbr~ lekspl~reIJ~n

3 k~ntnbjut lkontnbjuJnI

4 md~stril 1m I dAstri~l

S lIkon~mil ik~nomlks

6 pol~tlks pOI~tIJnI

2 What is the stress pattern of the words in exercise I Write the words in the correct column below

explorer

-

exploration

3 l1li Say these words from Unit 2 Write them in the correct column above

discovery develop backpacker information calculate abroad destruction kilometre unique destroy unspoilt Vietnam pollution industry environment paradise European destination diarrhoea inhabitant illegal

Listening 10 Acamping

nightmare

1 lID Listen to Susan talking to Alex and Marie about her camping trip Mark the sentences true (I) or false (1)

1 D Susan is in a good mood 2 D She went camping with her new friend Tiffany 3 D Tiffanys been camping before 4 D Susan was relatively calm in the storm S D Tiffany eventually saw the funny side of things 6 D Susans looking forward to going round to see Tiffany again 7 0 Marie was very sympathetic to Susan during the story 8 D Alex was very sympathetic about Tiffany during the story

2 Who makes these exclamations Put Afor Alex Mfor Marie and S for Susan

1 0 Hey Susan What a surprise 2 D Whoops 3 D I mean how silly 4 0 What a shame S 0 How awful 6 D What a nightmare 7 D Yuck 8 D What a ridiculous thing to happen 9 D Phew What a relief

10 D What rubbish

3 lID Listen again Complete the lines with the fillers you hear

she turned up with _____two suitcases and a

hairdryerl-____

2 she-----started crying a bit saying that she was

scared And I was trying to_____ reassure her

3 it all went dark and she freaked out and

started running across the field

4 Well I ran after her and fell into some _____ disgusting

muddy stuff

5 and then I started to laugh _____ really laugh

6 She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag

round her and grass and leaves in her hair _____

Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Narrative tenses Time expressions

What a story

Narrative tenses Grammar Reference Students Book pMl

1 Irregular verbs Complete the sentences with the irregular verb in the box in either the Past Simple or the Past Perfect

fallD~

Harry in love with the Greek way of life while he was working in Athens

2 He in love with every country hed been to but this was different He wanted to live there forever

tear 0 3 Josie saw Camillas trousers and asked how she

_____ them

4 While she was hiking in the Alps she _____ her

trousers on a rock

cost 0 5 It _____ an awful lot to have our car fixed

6 Ted told me his new car _____a fortune

fly D 7 When I went to Australia I was nervous because I

_____(never) before

8 The plane took off and into the clouds

catch 0 9 Suzy wondered how she a cold in the

middle of her summer holiday

10 She a taxi outside the restaurant and went back to her hotel

beD 11 Talks _____ held in New York last week to

discuss global warming

12 When the delegates left the talks no decisions _____ reached

2 Tick the verbs in exercise 1 which have the same form for the Past Simple and the past participle

2 Past Simple or Past Continuous Choose the correct tense

I lived I was living in Istanbul when I met I was meeting my husband

2 Our team played I was playing really well We won I were winning at half time but in the end we lost I were losing 3-2

3 I didnt think I wasnt thinking of having a birthday dinner but now Im glad I had I was having one

4 Im so tired The baby next door was coughing I coughed all night long and we werent getting I didnt get any sleep

S Roger sunbathed I was sunbathing by the hotel pool when he heard I was hearing a strange sound An enormous insect appeared I was appearing and landed I was landing on his leg

6 It was snowing I snowed when I got up I was getting up this morning The children next door made I were making a snowman so I quickly put I was putting on some warm clothes and raced I was racing outside to help them

7 Jack was playing I played happily in the snow when his big brother hit I was hitting him on the head and made I was making him cry

The kids just played quietlyal night like kids do

18 Unit 3 bull What astory

3 Which narrative tense Complete the article with the verbs in the box

Past Simple -

heard reached shouted said called wasnt went back in managed had to felt was swam pulled

Past Continuous -

was standing was trying were getting was recovering

Past Perfed Simple

had been knocked had taken had just finished had hit had moved

Past Perfect Continuous -

had been swimming had been surfing

Present Perfect

has been have been

Sightless swimmer saves a surfer Alec Munroe (1) had II cwiMMittq in the sea off the coast near his house

in St Ives Cornwall and (2) on the beach when he thought

he (3) cries for help

Despite being totally blind Mr Munroe (4) the sea to

rescue the person in difficulties

1 (5) just in the right place at the right time to help

somebody the 51-year-old (6) yesterday

Mr Munroe who (7) blind for 22 years (8) ____

to reach Matthew Slade by using the drowning mans cries to guide

him Mr Slade (9) but (10) off his surfboard by

a huge wave and (11) his head on a rock Mr Munroe

(12) through rough sea to find him then (13) ____

Mr Slade and his surfboard back to shore

Mr Munroe explained 1 (14) drying myself when someone (15) ____

Help I (16) back to him to keep on shouting 1 (17) think about the direction

of the wind too While I (18) to find him the wind and the waves (19) stronger

and stronger But I just kept going until I finally (20) him and got him back to the shore

It (21) a long time to fight through the high waves and we (22) completely

exhausted Last night Mr Slade (23) ____ in hospital from shock and a broken arm

What was even more remarkable was that Mr Munroe (24) familiar with the coastline

He and his wife (25) to St Ives only two weeks before

Fortunately I (26) a good swimmer all my life he said

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 19

2

4 1 time Use

in the same a 10 years ago

b my poem

3 married was

4 ( time I was 40

25 d until Iwas 30 many years e for years

6 f since six

7 g until I

8 the h when arrived 3 races9 station

10 j races

11 k until it was too

12 4 centre

13 m

14 TV n minute

15 He 0

2

5

estate

A Roman

centre

tenses 5

7

6

7 8 new

8 1____________________________________

a New

3 bull a

I base not write

There are many new charactersl by far the best one being

Puss-in-Bootsl

(14)

message that whether you (15)

whitel purplel

stili

thatIS the biggest fairytale of all

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review

DO Read the review and complete it with a verb in the correct tense active or passive

Shrek 2 is a bit more 01 the same but not quite says Gerard Cross

Fairytale ending I regard show feel like make I

Oont get me wrong I liked Shrek 2 When the film (1) in cinemas last weeki

kids and their mums and dads (2) itl too But the first Shrek will be the one

that (3) ___ as a classic

The most striking thing about the original Shrek was its freshness It (4) new

and excitingl because of the progress that (5) ---by the film industry in animation

techniques With Shrek 21 of coursel there isnt the same surprise

Imarry tell rescue introduce not make I

The film begins in traditional fair~tale style in the Kingdom of Far Far AwaYI as Prince

Charming (voiced by Rupert Everett) (6) the story of how he tried to rescue

Princess Fiona from the Dragon Butl of coursel Fiona (7) ___ already ___ by our

lovable monster Shrekl and whats morel shes (8) him Now Shrek (9) by

his new wife to his parents-in-law PredictablYI he (10) ___ a good impression on the King

and Queen (voiced by John Cleese and Julie Andrews)

voice love be end

who (11) by Antonio Banderas

AmusinglYI this character (12) on the

actorls film role of Zorro

However the plot (13) by the

original creative teaml and it shows The story

with a typically Hollywood feel-good

blackl

or a green monsterl you (16) ___

for who you are inside And unfortunatelYI

Unit 3 bull What astory 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature

The following words are related to prose poetry or drama Put them into the correct columns Some words can go in more than one column

nursery rhyme plot chapter critic director

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1phrasal verbs

There are four types of phrasal verb Types 2and 3 are on p36 in Unit 5and type 4 is on p48 in Unit 7 Type 1phrasal verbs consist of a verb + adverb There is no object They can be both literal and metaphorical

She stood up and wallced out (literal) The bomb went off (metaphorical)

backstage Match the phrasal verbs and definitions best-seller script 1 find out ~ have a calmer more stable lifereview 2 break up wait a minutecharacter

3 hold-on - be quietleading role 4 speak up - discovernovelist

blockbuster 5 set off be happier verse 6 stay in not go out stay at home fairytale 7 settle down talk louder setting 8 turn up arrive whodunnit 9 cheer up end a relationshiprehearsal 10 shut up begin a journeyscience fiction hardback

Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs from performance exercise 1 Put the verbs in the correct form thriller

playwright Peter hasnt arrived yet - I hope he _____ autobiography

soon act full house paperback

Poetry Prose -shy

Drama -

2 We have a long journey tomorrow What time do we have to

3 Why are you so miserable -----

4 I dont feel like going out tonight Shall we _____ and order a pizza

5 Larry was a bit wild at university but then he got a job found a lovely wife and had kids

6 After a long engagement Josh and Lil eventually _____because Lil had to move to Australia

to look after her sick father

7 Can I copy your homework The teacher will never

8 Im trying to watch a programme

and youre all talking

9 A Whats Bills phone number

B Ill just look it up

_____We cant hear you at the back 10

22 Unit 3 What a story

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs

Diphthongs are two vowel sounds which run together

hear Ihlal =hI + lal diphthong ral

hair Iheal =leI + lal diphthong leal

There is a list of diphthongs at the back of this Workbook

1 DB Choose the correct transcription of each word What is the other word Read both aloud

1 pay lpeJ lpe~ 5 dear dI~ Ide~ 2 write ralti r~utl 6 boy Ib~ul IbJIl 3 phone If~unJ falnJ 7 tour Itu~1 It~ul 4 round Iremd Iraundl 8 fair IfI~1 Ife~

2 DB Read the poem aloud Write the number next to the correct sound

SOUNDS AND LETTERS DONT AGREE

When the English tongue we speak

Why does (1) break not rhyme with (2) weak

Wont you tell me why Irs true

We say (3) sew but also (4) few

And the maker of a verse

Cannot rhyme his (5) horse with (6) worse

(7) Beard is not the same as (8) heard

(9) Cord is different from (10) word

(11) Cow Is cow but (12lowIs low

(13) Shoe is never rhymed with (14) foe

Think of (15) hose and (16) dose and (11) lose

And think of (18) loose and yet of (19) choose

think of (20) comb and (21) tomb and (22) bomb

(23) Doll and (24) roll

and (2S) hDme and (26) some

And since (27) pay is rhymed with (28) soy

Why not (29) fHJd with (30) SIlid I pray

Think of (31) blood and (32) food and (33) good

(34) Mould Is not pronounced like (35) could

Why is it (36) done but (37) gone and (38) lone

Is there any reason known

[]i1 [l]ell

Du1 Daul

D=gtI D31

[]I31 OIla

D31 D=gtI

Oaul Ol~ul

Du1 Daul

DtuzI D~uzl Oausl

DuzJ DusI

ODmI DumI O~oml

Doll Daull

OIAmJ D~uml

Dell DeIl

Dell Ole

Dul Du1 DIAl

Dudl D~ldl

Daul DIAl Dol

To sum up it seems to me

That sounds and letters dont agree

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 23

Questions and negatives I dont thi nk youre right

Nothing but the truth

Negatives Grammar Reference 42 Students Book pl44

Negative auxiliaries Complete the sentences with the negative auxiliaries in the box

isnt arent mnot hasnt didnt doesnt dont hadnt wont havent

Jackie speaks fluent French but 1___

2 We wanted to leave the restaurant but Fred ___

3 Ive been to America but my parents___

4 I thought Volvos were made in Austria but they ___

5 They said she was getting better but she ___

6 Ill be moving to London but my brother ___

7 My husbands going to the wedding but I ____

8 Jo likes Indian food but Andrew ___

9 Bill thought Id forgotten our wedding anniversary but 1___

10 The bedrooms been decorated but the bathroom ___

-1-II tt

f ~------------_____________1

2 no not -nt or none Complete the sentences with no not -nt or none

1 Ill help you but not tonight

2 We have no onions left Sorry

3 Non6 of us understood the lesson

4 The teacher wasnt very clear

5 I asked you __ to make a mess

6 Why did __you do what I asked

7 How do you manage __ to put on any weight

8 Bring Alessia to the restaurant but __ Ben Hes too loud

9 Theres __ meat in this dish so its suitable for vegetarians

10 A Who likes algebra

__ meB

11 A Wheres the nearest swimming pool

B There are __around here

12 She has __ idea of how to enjoy herself

13 Why have __ you emailed me for so long

14 I can cook but __ the way my mother does

15 A Do you work late

B __ if I can help it

16 A Wheres the coffee

B Theres __ left

17 __ plants can survive without water

18 Ive got __ time for people who are rude

19 __ of my friends smoke

20 A Do you like jazz

B __ usually

24 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

3 Opposite meanings Rewrite the sentences to give them the opposite meaning Make any necessary changes using negative forms and antonyms

1 Shes rich Shes got lots of money Shes poor She hastt got a~y money at all

2 I told you to go-to work Why are you in bed

3 Tom was a successful businessman who achieved a lot in his life

4 Our house is difficult to find Everybody always gets lost

5 We had a lovely time in Muscat There werent many people there

6 You must exercise your ankle Try to move it as much as possible

7 I must iron my shirt Im going out tonight

8 You need to come with me I wont go on my own

9 I was in a hurry because I needed to go to the shops

10 All of the students passed the exam so their teacher was pleased

4 I dont think youre right

In English we usually say I dont think + affirmative verb

I dont think Iknow you NOT IdliRk I deRt know you

We do the same with believe suppose and expect I dont expect well meetagain My parents didnt believe Id pass my exams

2 We can also use seem expect and want with the negative (+ object) +infinitive

She doesnt seem to be very happy I dont expect to get the job I dont want to go back to that restaurant He doesnt expect us to pass the exams

Rewrite the sentences using the verb in brackets in the negative

1 You havent met my wife (I think) dont think youve met my wife

2 You havent got change for a 20-pound note (I suppose)

3 This machine isnt working (This machine seems)

4 It wasnt going to rain (I thought)

5 Their daughters moving to Canada They arent happy (They want)

6 Im surprised to see you here (I expect)

7 You havent seen Robert recently (I suppose)

8 I wouldnt like snails (I think)

9 You probably dont remember me (I expect)

10 She didnt pass all her exams (I believe)

Questions ~ Grammar Reference 41 Students Book p143-144

5 Catch me if you can 1m Read the text about Frank Abagnale and write questions for the answers

Frank Abagnale was a brilliant conman for

five years Amazingly he started

at 16 Steven Spielberg made the

film Catch Me If You Can about

him starring Leonardo DiCaprio

and Tom Hanks

In 1964 Frank ran away to

New York upset because he had

quarrelled with his parents He was tall and

handsome with prematurely greying hair so he

decided to pretend he was 26 to get a job

His first con trick was to forge bank cheques

When the bank found out he had already collected

$40000 He had to change his identity so he became

Frank Williams a Pan Am Airways pilot He conned

Pan Am into giving him a pilots uniform and he

faked an ID card For two years he travelled round

the world for free with paid hotel expenses But

after he told his secret to his flight attendant

friend who called the police he had to

disappear again

Next he became a lawyer He forged a Harvard

law degree and then studied to pass the bar exam

He was also a hospital doctor (he left when he

actually had to treat someone) and a university

professor He taught Sociology and apparently

his classes were very popular Each time he had

to move on before the police caught up with him

He was eventually arrested in France in 1969

and sent to prison for five years

Since then he has worked as a financial fraud

consultant

2

How lang was Era1k A~agtt~[e a ~

Five years Qn man for

Steven Spielberg

3 to New York Sixteen

4

5

Because he had quarrelled with his parents

He was tall and handsome with greying hair

6 Forging bank cheques

7

8

$40000

Two years

9 His flight attendant friend

10 A lawyer

11

Sociology

12

13

In 1969

Five years

since then 14 Hes been working as a financial fraud consultant

26 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

hanks 7 Questions and prepositions 1 Complete the questions with the prepositions in

the box

I in of by with to from at about for on

What is your home town famous for

2 Who was that book written

3 Who does this dictionary belong

4 What are you looking

5 What did you spend all your money

6 What sort of books are you interested

6 Indirect questions 7 What are you talking

1 Make these questions about Frank Abagnale indirect 8 What are you so afraid --- 1 Where did he learn how to forge bank cheques 9 A Youve got a postcard

fm not sure B Oh Who is it 2 How did he have the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

10 Who are you angry James or me I dont know

3 Which countries did he visit as a pilot 2 Write a short question with a preposition in reply to

these sentences fd like to know

4 Why did his friend call the police A B

I went to the cinema last night Whowitll

rve no idea 2 A rm very cross with you 5 How did he manage to pass the bar exam B

I havent a clue 3 A Were going away for the weekend 6 Who gave him a job as a doctor B

I cant imagine 4 A rm very worried

7 Why did the police take so long to catch him B I wonder

S A rm going to Australia 8 What did he think of prison B Two weeks A month

Do you know 6 A I bought a present today

2 Write indirect questions about Frank Abagnale for these answers B 1 I wish I knew _______________ 7 A Have you heard Jane has got engaged

He told his friend because he was tired of living a lie B 2 Have you any idea _____________ 8 A Can you cut this article out for me

It took him three attempts to pass the bar exam B I havent got any scissors 3 Why do you think____________

He went there because he wanted to stop running and settle down in one place

4 Can you tell me

He spent five years in prison

S Do you know

He is truly sorry for what he did and has spent the rest of his life being a model citizen

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 27

8 Negative questions ~ Grammar Reference 41

Students Book p144

Match a question in A with a line in B

A

1

2

-

Are you ready yet

Arent you ready yet

I

a

b

What have you been doing all this time

Its time to go

3

4

Dont you want me to help you

Do you want me to help you

c

d

I thought you did

Iwill if you want

S 6

Arent you amember of the tennis club

Are you amember of the tennis club

e

f

Im sure Ive seen you there

If you are we could have agame

7

8

Dont you know the answer

Do you know the answer

g

h

Yes or no

Im surprised at you

9

10

11

12

Dont you think its beautiful

Do you think its beautiful

Didnt I tell you Im going out tonight

Did I tell you Im going out tonight

i

j

k

I

Surely you agree with me

Im asking because Im not sure

Icant remember now

Ithought Ihad Sorry

9 Can you keep asecret IDJ Complete the questions in the conversation Use How come once Sometimes there is more than one answer

A I went to a birthday dinner last night

B Didyou~

A Belindas You know my friend from work

B Oh yes What (1)

A It was quite good I chatted to various people

B (2)

A Well I talked for a long time to Vicky you know from school

B Of course Brainy Vicky (3)

A Shes fine Got agood job But actually shes not very happy at the moment

B (4) ___________

A I dont know if I can tell you Look you can keep a secret (5) ____---____

B Of course I can So what (6) -------

A Shes having a terrible time with her boss Mr Parker

B U) A You remember He came to our office once B (8) ___________

A You know Quite tall Dark curly hair

B Oh yes I remember now (9) use to wear glasses

A Thats right But he doesnt any more Anyway he had been talking about promoting her and everything when suddenly he went all funny and cold towards her

8 (10)

A Well turns out that hed promoted someone else Instead

B No (11) _____1

A Youll never guess Her colleague and best friend Tessa

B Not Tessa I cant believe it (12) Vicky -- shy__________ now

A Shes going to try to look for a new job But dont tell anyone

28 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

Vocabulary 10 Revision antonyms and synonyms 1 For the words in A write their opposites in B

using prefixes

A 8 C Adjectives

- ~

truthful ntrutftf1 di~honegf

real

credible

plausible

probable

pleased

normal

professional

important 1- - -

Nouns I ~

honesty

reality

belief shy - 1-

Verbs - - shy

appear

understand

trust

cover

2 In column C write synonyms for the words in B using the words in the box

fake confuse eisheRest reveal deceit unbelievable fantasy vanish ridiculous annoyed bizarre amateur unlikely trivial incredulity suspect

11 Hot Verbs keep and lose 1 Tick the correct column to make expressions with keep

and lose

keep 1-

I calm

lose ~

weight I

a promise

your way

in touch with sb

going

a secret

sb waiting

your temper

fit

2 Complete the sentences with an expression from exercise 1 in the correct form

When you go away please write rd like to _____ _____with you

2 When Joe broke the TV I my and started shouting at him

3 Can you Dont tell anyone but Im going to ask Vicky to marry me

4 Have you been here long Sorry to you I took the wrong road and I my ____

I had to ask for directions

5 A Ive lost my purse

B Now dont panic and well look for it

6 I go to the gym every day because I like to _____

And I ate so much on holiday that I need to ____

I

Can you keep a secret HOW TO LOSE WEIGHT

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 29

Prepositions 12 Verb + preposition

Many verbs are foHowed by prepositions Complete the sentences with the correct preposition

1 I agree with every word you say

2 I applied the job but I didnt get it

3 What are you all laughing Whats the joke

4 He died a heart attack

5 Shes suffering badly sunburn

6 Do you believe magic

7 I didnt realize that Maria was married - __ George

Pronunciation 13 Intonation in question tags

lID In question tags the intonation either falls ----- orrises~

1 ----- Falling intonation means that the sentence is more like a statement =Im sure Im right Can you just confirm this for me

Its really warm again today isnt it Yotlve lost the car keys again havent you

2 ~ Rising intonation means that the sentence is more like a real question =Im not sure if Im right about this Correct me if Im wrong

Yotlvebeen invited toJanes house havent you john didnt fail his driving test again did he

Both patterns are very common in spoken English because they invite other people to join in the conversation

8 Dont you think Mikes been acting ___a very strange way 1 lID Write the question tags for the statements Mark whether

it falls or rises ----- 9 Did you succeed convIncmg

1 Youre angry with me arf vou your father you were telling the truth

2 Last night was such a hot night 10 Compared you Im not very intelligent at all 3 You couldnt help me carry this bag

11 Weve complained our teacher 4 Antonios late again

---the amount of homework we get 5 Its cold for this time of year 12 Stop laughing me It isnt funny

6 Im just hopeless at telling jokes 13 Ive completely fallen love ___

7 You havent seen my pen anywhere Dubai

8 By the end of the film we were all in tears 14 Who are you going to vote ___ in the

singing contest 9 You wouldnt have change for a pound10 note

15 Tom Hanks has appeared ___ 2 lID Write a sentence and a question tag for these situations

IS major films and choose the intonation pattern

1 You ask Tom if he could help you do your homework ~

Tom YOU eould f help me with my hOMework eould you

2 Youre coming out of a restaurant where you have just had a really tasteless meal with a friend

That--------________________________________

3 You cant believe that your sister has borrowed your new coat again

You--_____________________________________

4 You need a neighbour to water your plants while youre away

You ________________________________________

5 You think that Vanessa is going on a business trip to Rome next week but youre not sure

Vanessa you _________________________________

Future forms Conjunctions in time clauses

An eye to the future

2 will or going toFuture forms Complete the conversations with will or going to in the

Grammar Reference Students Book pl44 correct form Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Question tags A make myself a sandwich Do you

Match a sentence in A with a question tag in B want one

B No thanks I have something later

- 1- 2 A Marco and Lia Florida this year for Youre going to work harder from will we their holidays now on

2 Ill see you next week doesnt it B How wonderful The boys love it

3 Kates leaving soon wont we especially Disneyland

4 Youll ring when you get there are you 3 A Bye Mum I meet Tom and Mel I

5 Our plane takes off at 4 pm wont I be back at about ten oclock 6 The decorators will have finished by

next week isnt she

wont you B OK but dont be late again or I

really annoyed be

7 You arent getting married next week

8 We wont need tickets to get in wont they 4 A Jo be furious when she finds out Ive

9 Wel be millionaires one day will he crashed the car

10 Dave wont be coming arent you B She understand if you explain that it wasnt your fault

S A I not work today I feel awful

B Dont worry I ring your boss and tell her youre sick

6 A Im tired I think I go to bed

B watch the news then I join you

7 A My boss has told me I be promoted

B Congratulations We have to celebrate

8 A Mr Smith now youve inherited all that money

you be the fifth-richest man in England How do you feel about that

B I tell you next week Im too shocked at the moment

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 31

I TAINK It Wllto~ rr0 COOL DoWN A srr

3 What does John say

Write what John actually says in these situations Use a future form

He sees some very black clouds in the sky

John Its goittg to rajnmiddot

2 His sister has just reminded him that it is his grandmothers birthday soon John 1______________

3 He has decided to study hard for his final exams John 1 ______________

4 Hes made an appointment to see the dentist next Friday John 1 ______________

5 He predicts a win for his team Manchester United on Saturday John I think _____________

6 Hes stuck in a traffic jam Hegts late for a meeting He rings his office

John Im sorry ____________

7 His sister is getting married The wedding is next March

John My sister _____________

8 His plane ticket for next Sunday says

Departure 730 am London Heathrow John My planemiddot ____________

9 He can see himself lying on a beach in Egypt next week at this time

John This time next week ________

10 He predicts hot weather there

John I think it ____________

4 Future Continuous or Future Perfect Tracey is a student at the moment Look at her plans for things she thinks she will have done or she will be doing by the time shes forty Write what she thinks using either the Future Continuous or Future Perfect

1 1I1I(000t to t~t statts

2 work ~am tlljOWoYIIQLts1l1l(

3 Livt til Ntw yom

-4 pa11 off 1111(11 stWo~tlolt ballk loall

5 tayll at ltast

-1100000 a ~ta y

6 tat oWot at ltast

foWoY tt~ a wu~

T YUII til CtlMyaL PAy~

tvtytj ~a~

~ gtt Vtytj f tt ) lI1I(antj allAmtneail

10 ~avt two e~i~ytll

By the time Im forty

1 rtf have movtd to the States

2 11 be workittg hard itt journalism

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

32 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

5 Pop star and soap star in the snow IDI Choose the appropriate future form Sometimes both are possible

Celeb Update bull UJIiilTI to tffl tfl a

Pop star and soap star in New York Celeb Update meets up with

Kym Manning who has

recently left the pop group

HearSing and her husband

the actor Jack Deane in

New York on the fi rst

anniversary of their marriage

CELEB UPDATE Hello Kym andJack What are you planning to do while you are in New York

Kym We (1) reqoinq to celebrate celebrate our first wedding anniversary here We love New York And of course we (2) ll have bouqht ll be buyinq lots of presents for our family

CELEB UPDATE Wonderful Now youve both been very busy this year What are your plans for the coming year

Kym Well we had to spend a lot of time apart last year I was on tour for nearly six months I (3) m notgoing to lea le wont ha Ie left Jack for such a long time this year

Jack Yes it (4) wont happen isnt happening again We are very happy together and we (5) are il be together forever

CELEB UPDATE Kym what (6) willyou be doing will you have done now that youve left the group HearSing

Kym Well I (7) mgoing to record ll record my own album as Ive now got a solo record deal

CELEB UPDATE Jack you left our best-loved soap East Londoners at the height of your popularity What kind of parts (8) will you be lookinq for will you have looked for now

Jack I (9) ll chanqe I mgoing to change direction I (10) Il do mgoinq to do serious drama Ive had some interesting offers already and I think 1(11) ll be makinq up ll have made up my mind which to take by the end of our holiday

CELEB UPDATE Kym of course you act as well as sing (12) Areyou planning Wiilyou plan to work on stage with Jack

Kym Jack is a great actor and we (13) work il work together if the time and the part is right But for the time being we (14) il be concentrating I ll ha le concentrated on our own careers

Jack And I know that in my new career I (15) llbeablel wont be able to count on the support of my lovely wife

CELEB UPDATE Thank you We wish you both luck for the future

Jack and Kym Thank you

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 33

6 Correcting mistakes In these conversations some of the future forms are wrong Find the mistakes and correct them

[2] A Have you heard Sues going to get married

Ifo B Really Im ~6ifl~ t6 give her a ring this evening

to congratulate her

2 D A What do you do this weekend

D B I dont know yet Maybe Ill give Paul a ring and

see what hes doing

3 D A Ill be honest with you Matthew I dont think

youre going to pass this exam

D B Dh no What will I be doing

4 D A Is it true that Rachel will get married to that

nice fiance of hers this weekend

D B Thats right And Im going to the wedding

Ive got to Im her bridesmaid

5 D A Our plane leaves at six 0dock on Saturday

morning

D B YukI You have to wake me up I can never get up

in the mornings

6 D A Its my birthday on

Sunday Im going

to be thirty

D B Thirty Thats ancient

You are getting your

pension soon

7 D A Mickey and David will be arriving soon and the

house looks like a rubbish tip

D B Dont worry Itll only be taking a few minutes

to dear up

8 D A Will you be going skiing as usual in January

D B Not this year Its too expensive Well stay at home

9 D A Ill ring you as soon as Ill arrive

D B Please do Well be waiting to hear youve

arrived safely

34 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Conjunctions in time clauses 7 Future time clauses

1 Notice that in clauses after if when as soon as until before after once and unless present tenses are normally used to talk-about the future A future form is not used

(II phone you when Itrive NOT when ffi arrive

I wont invite you unless you live up smoking

NOT unless yetAt give up

2 If it is important to show that the first action will be completed before the second action begins the Present Perfect is used

(II fax you the reports soons Ie written it

Theyre going to emigrate to Australia hetthe bMlyhn been born

Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the correct tense Present Simple Present Perfect or a future form

I Unless you

_____

(eat) sensibly you

(not get) better

2 We

_____

( not move) to Paris until we

(find) a flat there to rent

3 You

_____

(like) Adam when you

(meet) him Hes so funny

4

as you

you _____ (learn) to drive as soon

_____ (be) 17

5 The children _____ ( not go) to bed unless

_____ (have) a glass of milkthey

6 It

_____

(be) at least an hour before I

(finish) this report

7 fyou

you

(not do) well in the test

(have to) do it again

8 As soon as we

information we

(be) able to process the

(deal) with your

request

9 The doctor says that I

better once I

(feel) much

(have) the operation

10 Once you

you

(try) Glowhite toothpaste

(never use) anything else

Vocabulary 8 Revision take or put Complete the conversation with the correct form of take or put

A Come in Make yourself at home (1) some music on Pour us a nice cold drink

B Thanks I will Mmm something smells nice

A Oh dinners (2) ages Go and sit down (3) your feet up and (4) it easy Itll be a while before we eat Hows your week been

B ~rrible My boss is (5) pressure on me to (6) on another project But Im already working flat out and Im fed up with (7) work first all

the time

A I dont blame you But the business has really (8)

___off recently hasnt it

B Yes it has which is great of course But I think hell just have to realize that he needs to (9) ___

on more people now But hell never (10) advice from me of course I

A Well youve been there since the beginning and I think he just (11) you for granted

B I know Im like part of the furniture I have trouble

getting him to (12) any notice of me at all these days

A Oh dont (13) it personally Im sure he doesnt mean it like that Hes just too busy thats all

B Perhaps youre right But he should (14) himself in my shoes once in a while and realize how he makes me feel

A Youll just have to talk to him about it Anyway thisll (15) a smile on your face Dinner is seIVedl

9 Words commonly confused Complete the sentences with the correct word Put the verbs into the correct forms

expect wait for look forward to

I a We_____ the rain to stop so that we can play tennis

b The weather forecast says a lot of rain _____over the next few days

c Im very excited Im starting my first job

pass spend waste

2 a too much time with my mates and not enough time with my family

b I usually read the newspaper to the time on train journeys

c I my time at school I wish Id tried harder and studied more

see watch look at

3 a ___you _____ that new Spielberg

film yet b The police sat in their car They _____

every move the men made c this picture little Amy has painted

actually at the moment really

4 a A What a shame James lost the match B he won

b The children are out playing in the garden

c Love that dress You _____ look wonderful

lend borrow owe

5 a I have a student loan I the bank pound10000 which is a lot of money

b Jed pound5000 from the bank to buy a new car

c Could you _____ me pound20 until the end of the week Im broke

angry nervous embarrassed

6 a He felt when he realized that he couldnt remember her name

b rm very about my interview tomorrow

c Were _____ with the boss for not listening to us

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 35

Phrasal verbs 10 Types 2and 3

Both type 2 and type 3 phrasal verbs have an object Type 2 Type 3

Take offyour coat Look after your sister I put the DVD on (1Iloole into the problem

2 In type 2 the particle can move Take your coat off I put on the DVD

If the object is a pronoun (him it me etc) the particle comes after it

Take it off NOT Take eft it tput it on NOT I Ptlt e it

3 In type 3 the particle cannot move NOT leek yetlr sister after

leek her after Ill leek the prehlem ite In leek it iftte

4 Dictionaries usually tell you which type a phrasal verb is put sth on The particle is shown after sth This is type 2 look into sth The particle is shown before sth This is type 1

Put a pronoun in the correct place in these sentences First decide which type of phrasal verb is used

1 Listen to this song Ill put it on for you

2 I know youve got a lot of problems but Im sure

youll get through them

3 I cant remember the directions I couldnt take ___ all in ___

4 Theres a problem with my computer Ill sort

___ out tomorrow

5 Were having a meeting on the 25th Put ___

in your diary

6 There are clothes all over your bedroom Please

put __away ___

7 If youre going out with your little brother youd

better look after ___

8 Im sorry you had a complaint about your room

Ill look into right away

9 That was a mean thing you said Take -- shy

back ___

10 I liked Ann but since you told me what she did

youve put me off -- shy

36 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Pronunciation 11 Sounds and spelling 1 IDI Match the letters underlined in each word

with the correct sound

1 wQnt IAl I~ul 101 2 walk IJI 101 101 3 wQnder IAl IJI 101 4 wQman lui I~ul IAI

5 w~rm IJI laii 131

6 wQrd IJI 131 laII 7 w~r le~1 lei li1

8 w~ght laii lell lei

9 w~nt lrel I~ol 101 10 wQrk IJI 131 IJII

11 w~nder IAl iJI 101

12 wQmen 101 I~ul III

13 worm IJI IJII 131

14 ward 101 lall IJI

15 weary le~1 II~I li1

16 w~rd lall lell II~I

2 lID In each group of words three words rhyme Choose the odd one out

1 IAl done phone won son

2 lui would should good blood

3 lu1 move love prove groove

4 I~ol though through throw sew

5 IeII weak break ache shake

6 laul flower power tower lower

7 131 worth birth north earth

8 leIl hate wait weight height

9 II~I fear near pear clear

10 le~1 share bear fair hear

WU~ I A~ED YOU TO PICK UP TUE CUILDRW RWM ~I-IOOL I TUOUGUT YOU WOOL[) GO IN TUE CAR

Countable and uncountable nouns Expressing quantity something somebody somewhere

Countable and uncountable nouns ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p146

Countable or uncountable Choose the noun in each group that is usually uncountable

holiday journey flight luggage suitcase 2 meal dish food menu dessert 3 cheque coin cash salary bonus 4 job employee boss unemployment profession 5 pop group musical music opera concert 6 arrest violence accident crime criminal 7 motorway traffic traffic jam hold-up rush hour

Choose the noun in each group that is usually countable 8 luck happiness opportunity fun help 9 ingredient cutlery fruit meat food

10 fresh air sleep fluid health energy

2 someorany Complete the sentences with some or any

1 I did exercise 1 without help

2 Would you like more fizzy mineral water I dont want more

3 people dont have problems learning foreign languages

4 Why dont you ask your father to lend you ___ money I havent got ___

5 My teenage sister never has difficulty learning the words of poems There are hardly she doesnt know by heart

6 I didnt realize that there was still ___ food left Ive made more

3 much or many Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets and much or many Make any other necessary changes

1 Im not sure how much drink to buy (cans of cola)

Im ~ot sure how may Gas of Gola to buy

2 Are there many jobs to be done in the garden (work)

3 I didnt spend many hours on the homework (time)

4 Did they do many experiments before they found a cure (research)

5 They couldnt give me many details about the delay in our flight (information)

6 I didnt have too much difficulty with this exercise (problems)

7 Ive got too many suitcases I cant carry them all (luggage)

8 There are too many cars and lorries on the streets of our town (traffic)

Compounds with some any no every 6 something anybody nowhere everyone

1 Any anyone anybody anywhere and anything can mean it doesnt matter whichwhowherewhat

Put the picture anywhere Idont mind You can say anythingyou want Idont care Borrow anybook you want

2 Everybody and everything are singular not plural Everybodyknows who did it Everything is ready for the guests

1 Complete the sentences with a combination of these words

some onebody any

thing+no whereevery

I dont care where we go on holiday as long as its _____ hot

2 Does want a cup of tea

3 Ive looked for my contact lens but I cant find it

4 A What do you want for dinner Harry

B Oh I dont care

5 This sale is fantastic Theres 5000 off----shy

in the shop

6 Its really boring at Auntie Marthas theres

absolutely to do

7 Im a very sensitive person _____

understands me

8 There was _____ for me to sit so I had

to stand

9 Janes going to work for _____she met

on holiday

10 Sue is such a chatterbox shes always got

--___ to say but she never says _____ interesting

11 Our cat will follow _____

12 Tommys so nice - ____ likes him

2 Match a line in A with a line in B

IA

a anything1 He told the police he knew

b nothing2 He didnt tell the police

c somewhere in London3 I think they live

d anywhere in london4 I dont mind Ill live

e phoned you Sorry5 Anybody

f can cook Its easy6 Nobody

g anywhere7 Ive searched

h everywhere8 I cant find it

9 I thought Id know i somebody at the meeting

j anyone at the meeting10 Ididnt know

11 My parents never took me k everywhere when Iwas young

12 My parents took me I anywhere when Iwas akid

13 Jane always got m everything she wanted

14 Jane didnt have n anything to wear

15 Ive already had o something to eat

16 Ive had p nothing to eat

IOfcourse nobody needs one thats why Icalledyou advertising people in

Unit 6 bull Making it big 39

I

Expressing quantity 7 Odonga uses his loaf

Read and complete the story of Odonga Bosko using the words in the boxes

I acouple multi much few little nobody

Odonga Bosko hasnt had (1) luck in his life-

until now that is And (2) could have predicted

how completely his life would change

(3) of months ago 20-year-old Odonga had (4)

____chance of escaping the grinding poverty

in his remote Ugandan village Now the excited trainee

printer is busily packing his (5) belongings

for his trip to Britain because a (6) ____-millionaire is

paying for him to study the latest printing techniques

at college

I any hardly any more all a bit part enough

Remarkably Odongas extraordinary change in fortune

is (7) because of a loaf of bread He explained

I was hungry but there wasnt (8) food in the

house I had (9) money - only 600 shillings (4p)

but it was just (10) to buy (11) of bread

The bread is usually wrapped in paper and that

day I saw it was (12) of an English paper so

I took (13) notice

I none piece more than any something no

On the (14) ___ of paper was an advert for a

printing jo b in Bristol (15) ____ of my friends

have (16) ____ work here I am training on a printing

machine which is (17) 40 years old and I

receive (18) wages I felt if I was going to

make (19) ___of my life I had to apply for this job

over a lot all several some a great deal of

It took Odonga (20) ____ hours to write the letter

and send it But it turned out that the advert had been

placed (21) ____ a year ago The company kindly sent

me (22) ___of information about (23) the

hi-tech machines they used I was even more determined

to get a chance to work on them

In Britain Odongas story reached the ears of Conrad

Millbank a tycoon who had made (24) money from

publishing He ordered his lawyers to find the enthusiastic

young African When I heard that a rich man wanted to pay

for my training I thought it must be a joke Now I am so happy

that I went to buy (25) bread that day

to use your loaf is an idiom meaning to use your brains I show intelligence

40 Unit 6 bull Making it big

Vocabulary 8 A piece of cake 1 What combinations can you make using nouns from the

two columns

~PieceVca~ead ~tu~~ce honey ~ loaf chocolate

bar toothpaste box chocolates

souptin lemonadecan

paperbottle colasheet

2 These sentences contain false information about the article Correct the mistakes

Odonga has quite a lot of money

Odonga has hardly any money

2 600 shillings is quite a lot of money

3 Odonga has few friends

4 Most young people in his village have jobs

5 It didnt take him much time to write his letter

6 There were some jobs available at the company

7 No-one heard about his story

8 Until now Odonga has had quite a lot of good fortune in his life

2 Replace the words in italics with combinations from exercise 1

1 Would you like some cake

2 All weve got for lunch is some soup

3 There are two clean pieces ofpaper on my desk

4 Dont forget to buy Mum some chocolates for Mothers Day

5 Do you want this chocolate Its plain and I only like milk

6 Theres only one bit ofbread in the bread bin

7 How much cola have we got left over from the barbecue

8 Hello reception This is room 40l Theres not a single bit ofsoap in the bathroom here

9 We brought you some special honey back from the country

Unit 6 bull Making it big 41

Prepositions 9 Prepositions and nouns 1 Which prepositions go with the words on the right in these two tables

A

above

t IraquoeIow

t on

1-

t over under

avera~e

foot

arrest

pound500

75

freezing

18 years old

new management

holiday

pressure

business

B

at by

durinl in ~

on ~f--

midni2ht

the night

New Years Day

the winter

Friday afternoon

the weekend

time

afortnights time

the rush hour

his forties

2 Complete the article with prepositions from exercise 1

Whos that girl

Remember Gisele Bundchen the half-German half-Brazilian model

who came to fame (1) the late 1990s when she was still (2) ----shy I

eighteen years old (3) the next five years her face appeared in

(4) __ a hundred magazines and fashion campaigns (5) five feet

ten inches tall she was slightly (6) average height for a model but

she was still very popular earning (7) average $7000 an hour

But (8) __ the height of her career she decided to walk away from all

of that turning down (9) 90 of her forthcoming projects (10)_shy

her year-long absence she went (11) __ winter holidays with her family

and acted in her first film

People wondered whether she had been (12) too much pressure

or she was working (13) new management but apparently not The

23-year-old is making a comeback but (14) her own time She wants

to be more selective and creative and is aiming for longevity in the short-lived

fashion world So still expect to see her (15) her fifties

42 Unit 6 bull Making it big

3

4

5 0 The order was placed on I September

6 0 John Barker is going to call Ellen Miles later that morning

Who says these things Write R (receptionist) E (Ellen Miles) or J(John Barker)

I 0 Will you hold 2 D How are things 3 D Bear with me a moment 4 D Are you ready 5 0 What was it again

6 D Ill read that back to you 7 D Somethings come up 8 D Ill expect your call

Look at the tapescript on p84 and find equivalent expressions for these phrases

1 Who do you want to speak to 2 Im connecting you 3 an order I made 4 no more than a week

3

4

Listen and check Practise reading the text again

Read this news item and mark the stress Then read it aloud again paying attention to the shifting stress

Exports increased in the last quarter due to the present

buoyant economy Ministers are content with the results

saying that they reflect the progress made in decreased

regulation for small businesses

Tax refunds are on the increase as invalid assessments

multiply in the tax office Tax officers protested against t he

criticism levelled against them saying that they were

insulted by suggestions that they were not able to produce

the correct results They said they were compiling a report

which would present in minute detail the problems they

were experiencing since the computer contract had been

placed with another company

5 6 7

Do you have the order code with you that all seems to be correct Ill phone you again before 12 5 lID Listen and check Practise reading the texts again

listening 10 Abusiness problem

IIJI Listen to the phone call Who is calling who Whats the problem

lohnBarker

2 IDJ Listen again and mark these sentences truel or false~

D John Barker and Ellen Miles know each other

2 D John Barkers secretary confirmed the order

3 D Deliveries take more than a week

4 0 The order code is FED 2054780498 MX

Pronunciation 11 Shifting word stress 1 Listen to the pronunciation of the words

Write N for noun and V for verb

1 0 refuse 7 0 permit

2 0 transport 8 0 record

3 0 produce 9 0 contract

4 0 decrease 10 0 desert

5 0 progress 11 0 present

6 0 insult 12 0 content

2 Read this news item aloud Pay attention to the shifting stress on words that are both verbs and nouns

Good evening Here is the news

Oil imports continued to increase in the last quarter

Demand for transport fuel is already at record levels

and the Prime Minister refuses to pennit any further

increases Members of the Transport Workers Union

objected to his criticisms They insisted they will protest

against any possible future sanctions They presented

a report maintaining that present fuel increases are

due to a decrease in investment in railway transport

by the government

Unit 6 bull Making it big 43

Modal auxiliary verbs and related verbs need

Getting on together

Revision of all modals Grammar Reference Students Book p147

Meaning check Choose the correct explanation for each of these modals

Amy may look for a new job

a ~ Amy has permission to look for a new job

b [ZJ Its possible Amy will look for a new job

2 I couldnt swim until I was 16

a D I wasnt allowed to swim until I was 16

b D I wasnt able to swim until I was 16

3 No one can smoke in the cinema

a D No one is able to smoke in the cinema

b D No one is allowed to smoke in the cinema

4 You should wear glasses

a D My advice is that you wear glasses

b D Its possible that you will have to wear glasses

5 Will you answer the phone

a D Are you at some time in the future going to answer the phone

b D rm asking you to answer the phone

6 I couldnt get the top off the jar

a D I wasnt allowed to get the top off the jar

b D I didnt manage to get the top off the jar

7 You must be tired

a D rm sure you are tired

b D You are required to be tired

8 Andys busy so he may not go to the restaurant

a D Andy doesnt have permission to go to the restaurant

b D Theres a possibility Andy wont go to the restaurant

44 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

2 Which modal 1 Complete the sentences with correct words from the box

Often there is more than one answer

will should can ought to could must may have to might

I You get your hair cut Its too long

2 I ask you a question

3 Young children be carried on this escalator

4 You ___ never get a seat on this train Its always packed

5 I ____ be studying Mandarin Chinese next year

6 already speak five languages fluently

7 Youll work much harder if you want to pass

8 Its Saturday night There be something good on TV

9 You ____ leave your valuables in the hotel safe

10 You be over 1m 60 em tall to be a flight attendant

2 Choose the correct answer

You mustnt wont have any problems with Jack Hes such a good baby

2 You dont have to mustnt use cream in this sauce but it makes it much tastier

3 I couldnt wouldnt watch my favourite TV programme because Mia rang up for a long chat

4 Timmys so stubborn He just cant wont do what hes told

S Im afraid I cant may not come to your wedding as Ill be in Australia

6 I was able to could get 20 off the price in the sale

7 You dont have to mustnt say a word about this to your mother Its a surprise

3 Positive to negative Rewrite the sentences to make them negative

You must stop here

2 We must learn the whole poem

3 They had to take off their shoes

4 He must be speaking Swedish

5 We had to wear a uniform at school

6 Youll have to help me do this exercise

Verbs related to modals 4 Online helpline IIiI Read the problem page and replace the words in italics with a modal verb or an expression with a modal verb

Online helaline Your questions answered confidentially

Im really worried about my friend She (1) always feels

its necessary to have the latest designer clothes And

shes getting worse Now if something isnt from the right

label she (2) refuses to allow it in the house Shes losing

touch with reality She (3) promised to come round for

coffee with me the other day but then (4) wasnt able

to because (5) it was necessary for her to go to a fashion

show As a good friend (6) is it a good idea if I talk to

her about it

We (11) arent allowed to smoke at work which

I find difficult We (12) Ire obliged to leave the building

when we want a smoke but we (13) Ire only able to

do this twice a day I go out three or four times but I

know I (14) m bound to get caught sooner or later

I think I (15) d better give up before I lose my job

What do you suggest

As a good friend (7) it is essential that you talk to her

about it This label thing Is certainly concealing a strong

inferiority complex and (8) maybe shell find it hard to

discuss it But if you (9) manae to persuade her that she

is lovable without designer gear then you (10) are certain to do her a huge service

Choose a day and just stop (16) Its possible that youll find

it difficult at first but persevere (17) Its very necessary that you dont give in to temptation When I stopped a few years

back I (18) wasnt able to stop thinking about cigarettes

but bit by bit it got better (19) If I were you Id try nicotine

patches (20) It is essential that you make the most of your

current determination Good luck

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 4S

2 Rewrite the sentences using the prompts 2 Complete the conversations with the correct

Its Annas birthday tomorrow so I should buy her a card

(d better) ________________

2 Guests shouldnt leave valuables in their room

(advised not) ________________

3 You can only smoke in designated areas

(Smoking permitted)____________

4 Im sure hell pass the exam Hes so clever (bound) _________________

5 You cant use dictionaries in this exam (The use of

dictionaries allowed)_____________

6 People under 18 shouldnt buy cigarettes

(supposed)_____---------- shy

7 Travellers to the States need a visa

(required)_________________

8 I expect youll find it difficult to learn Arabic

(likely) ________________

9 I cant come out I said Id help Jane

(promised) _________________

10 I wasnt allowed to go out until I was eighteen

(parents let) _______________

Modal verbs of probability 5 Present probability 1 Respond to the statements or questions using the words

in brackets Put the verb in its correct form

Harry is packing his suitcase (must go on holiday)

flt MUst be going on holiday

2 Jenny looks really unhappy (must miss best friend)

3 Whos at the front door (will Tom)

4 Wheres Kate Its nearly lunchtime (cant still sleep)

5 Why are all the lights on in their house (could have guests)

6 James has been working all night (must deadline to meet)

7 Its been raining all night (might difficult drive work)

8 Timmy cant find his little sister (may hide in the garden)

46 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

form of the verbs in brackets

1 A You really ( 1) (should go) to bed now or you (2) _______

____ (might feel) tired tomorrow 8 Ill go in a minute I (3) ______

_____ (must finish) this revision

first A You (4) ______ (will pass) the

exam easily Get some rest now

2 A Its five past eleven Ken and Cathys plane (5) (should touch down) at Riyadh Airport right now

S Your watch (6) _______

(must be) slow Its nearly half past A It (7) (can not be)

Ive just had it repaired

3 A Bring very warm clothes It (8) __________

(could snow) when we arrive B Oh yes Ive heard it (9) _____

_ ____( can snow) in the

mountains even in summer

4 A What are all those people doing with those lights and cameras

B They(10) ________

(must make) a film A Whos the leading man B Not sure It (11) _______

(might be) him over there And do you think that shes the leading lady

A She(12)-------- shy(could be) Shes certainly beautiful

enough

need 6 need

__ Need can work like a normal verb or a modal auxiliary verb

It usually has the forms of an ordinary verb +

infinitive with to She needs to go to bed Does she need to p to bed She doesnt need to go to bed

2 It is used as a modal verb mainly in the negative She neednt go to bed yet

But can sometimes be used as aquestion Need Igo to bed

3 Need + -ing = need + passive infinitive The car needs fixing The car needs to be fixed

Mark the sentences with M when need is used as a modal verb and V when need is used as an ordinary verb

1 D I need to go home 2 D You neednt come if you dont want to 3 D Ian doesnt need to pass all his exams to

get a place at university

4 D Money is desperately needed to protect the worlds endangered species

5 D Need I pay now or can I pay later 6 0 If you have any problems you only need to

tell us and well try to help

7 0 The garden needs watering 8 0 Leave the washing-up You neednt do it now

2 Choose the correct verb Sometimes two are correct

I mustnt neednt dont have to do this exercise but it might help

2 You mustnt neednt dont have to think Im always this irritable Ive just had a bad day

3 We mustnt neednt dont have to book a table The restaurant wont be busy tonight

4 Do you really must need to have to go now Cant you stay a bit longer

5 You mustnt dont need to dont have to eat all your vegetables Just have the carrots

6 Have I must need to got to ring and confirm my room reservation

7 My bike needs must has to replacing Look at the state of it

Vocabulary 7 Money 1 Match the words or expressions in B with a word or

expression in either A or C

C 1- shy

8A -

I opened--- -

will take ages -asavings account

My deposit account to payoffIchanged

His bills is good just nowHe accumulated debts of pound2000 r- is overdrawn

She contributes Inflation expires at theIearned pound2000 to the household bills end of July in interest went up by 2

My credit card some travellers cheques

The exchange rate

2 Read the story and choose the most suitable words

It

) Ben stood at the (1) check-in A

check-out at the supermarket as the

ft ~

assistant (2) summed added up his

(3) bill fees It came to pound7267 and she

asked him how he would like to (4) pay cost

Ben didnt have much money in his deposit account

because he hadnt been paid his monthly (5) wages salary

yet so if he paid (6) by cheque in cash he would be

(7) overdrawn overdue Then he realized he had left

his (8) credit card travellers cheques at home And he

couldnt afford to pay (9) cash money because he

only had pound60

The shop assistant told him that if he exchanged

many of the items he had bought for the shops

own brand he would (10) reduce accumulate

his bill by as much as 2500 So Ben set off

round the store again

His new bill (11) added came to only pound5650

- a (12) saving discount of pound1617 Ben got

pound350 (13) change coins from his pound60 and

his new (14) receipt recipe

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 47

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 4

1 Type 4 phrasal verbs have a verb + adverb + preposition The preposition has an object

Do you get on with your neighbours Weve run out ofsugar

2 The word order cannot change Do you get on with them

NOT 96 ytJtJ get 611 them with Weve run out ofit

NOT Weve ftIfJ eut it ef

3 Dictionaries show type 4 phrasal verbs by giving both the adverb and the preposition

get away with 5th

4 Sometimes a phrasal verb can be type 4 or type 1 Dictionaries show this

get on (with 5b) They got on well after five years working together They didnt get on with their noisy neighbours

I dont get on with my cousin

Paul

GETTING ON WITH

Complete the sentences with the combinations in the box

away with offwith (x 2) up for up with out of on with (x 2) out with (x 2) down on~

Joey Youve got a very guilty look on your face What naughty things have you been getting up to this time

2 The burglar broke into the house and made _____ a lot of jewellery

3 We must try to cut the amount of money we spend a month We spend more than we earn

4 Dont let me disturb you Carry your work

S Im sorry we didnt get into the cinema Ill take you to a restaurant to make it Does that cheer you up

6 There is a move in Britain to do cash transactions completely so that everyone uses a credit or debit card instead

7 Sams mean with money and hes always trying to get paying his fair share of the bills for the flat

8 I went _____Aimee for a pizza and then

she suddenly went my money I couldnt pay the bill

9 I cant stand my boss I cant put his rudeness a minute longer Im getting a new job

10 Judiths a very difficult person to get shy ____ Shes always having rows with people and falling _____ them

Judiths a very difficult person

We just dont

48 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

bull bull bull

listening 9 Not getting on

1 IDI Listen to the conversation and choose the best answer

Sophies annoyed 4 Anya wants Sophie to about 0 a 0 leave a 0 her friend b 0 be nice to her b 0 the evening c 0 tell her to stop it cD her boss

5 Sophie 2 Charlenes a D agrees to this

a D ignored her b 0 doesnt want to because b 0 been mean to her they are good friends c D laughed at her c 0 wants things to get

magically better 3 Charlenes

6 After talking to Annie a D out of work Sophie feels b 0 having problems

at work a 0 miserable

c 0 looking for a b 0 more cheerful new job cD annoyed

2 IDI Listen again and complete these sentences

Understatement

Im just thats all

2 She made remarks this evening

3 Shes been having recently

4 Its getting me I must say

S Our friendship lately

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers Find some examples of exaggeration

Pronunciation 10 Consonant dusters

English has many words with groups (or clusters) of consonants

happened Ihrepndl couldnt Ikodntl puzzles IpAzlzl

lUI Say these words from Unit 7 aloud and then transcribe them They all have consonant clusters

2

IdAZntl

IJodntl

7

8

IspeJII

Idremd3dl

3

4

5

6

ImAsntl

IpromIstl

Istrreptl

Idlstll)ktlil

9

10

11

12

IfIlelJnJlpl

IkAmftdbl1

IIksaltmdntl

IImprestl

11 Sentence stress liD Alan and Kevin are chatting about Frank Read the conversation aloud and mark the stress in Kevins responses

1 Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of

weight recently

Kevin Youre kidding If anything hes lost weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me

Kevin Well I know he earns a lot more than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a second-hand

Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a

brand new one

4 Alan

Kevin

Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are

designer labels

5 Alan

Kevin

Does Frank have many stocks and shares

He has loads of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin No in fact hes in Florida on holiday

7 Alan

Kevin

His new car is a big white Mercedes

Really The car I saw him in was a sporty little

Mercedes

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 49

Relative clauses Participles

Going to extremes

Defining and non-defining relative clauses Grammar Reference 81 Students Book p149

General knowledge quiz Test your general knowledge Tick () the correct answer

~ ~ - - - ~ - -~ - -

middot G~ne~pl K~~wledg~ QuJ~J)nmiddot ~_ - - _--~~_~~ ~lJJ_ t-lbt _)fA

extremes 1 Death Valley

a D which is in Arizona

b D which is in California

c D which is in Texas is officially the hottest place on Earth

2 Concorde was a D the fastest plane that has ever flown

b D the longest plane that has ever flown

c D the only commercial plane that could go faster than sound

3 Belgian Georges Simenon a D who was author of the Maigret detective stories 6 The highest waterfall in the world which is called

b D who was author ofthe Poirot detective stories a 0 the Angel Falls

e D who was author of the Philip Marlow detective stories b 0 the Niagara Falls

wrote over 450 books - the most prolific author e 0 the Victoria Falls

last century is in Venezuela

4 Kilimanjaro is a mountain in Tanzania 7 Bambuti pygmies who only live in the African rainforesta D which is also the highest summit in AtTica and Asia a 0 are the tallest people in the worldb D which is also the highest summit in AtTica b D are the smallest people in the worlde D which is also the highest summit in the world e 0 are the thinnest people in the world

5 The tallest building that was built last century was 8 The driest place on Earth is the Atacama Deserta D the Sears tower in Chicago

a 0 which is in Egyptb D the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur b 0 which is in Europee D the lin Mao building in Shanghai e 0 which is in Chile

50 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

2 Defining or non-defining Decide if these sentences are best completed with a defining relative clause (D) or a non-defining relative clause (ND) Write Dor ND in the boxes

1 c=J Id love to meet someone _______

2 c=J Were looking for a house _______

3 C=J We went to see Romeo and Juliet _____

4 c=J Do you know a shop _________

5 c=J Abraham Lincoln - ________

________died at the theatre

6 cJ I find people difficult to

get on with

7 cJ My computer ___________

is already out of date

8 c=J I met a girl ____________

9 cJ Professor James Williams _______

_______ will give a talk next week

10 cJ I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich ___

2 l1li Complete the sentences in exercise 1with this information Add a relative pronoun and commas where necessary Leave out the relative pronoun if possible

You went to school with her

I ate it immediately

It has four bedrooms

I bought it just last year

They lose their temper

It sells second-hand furniture

He was President of the United States

This person could teach me how to cook

I really enjoyed it

Many people consider him to be the worlds expert on volcanoes

3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun Add commas to these sentences if they have a non-defining relative clause Cross out the pronoun if possible in the defining relative clauses

Sheila who I first got to know at university was one of six children

2 The man wIw you were talking to is a famous artist

3 This is the story that amazed the world (no change)

4 The thing that I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 The town where I was born has changed dramatically

7 I didnt like the clothes which were in the sale

8 Salt that comes from the sea is considered to be the best for cooking

9 Salt whose qualities have been known since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD that I bought yesterday doesnt work

11 The part of Europe where Id most like to live is Portugal

12 The Algarve where my mothers family comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 51

4 All relative pronouns Match a line in A with a line in B

A B - - shy

Have I told you recently when you expect to arrive

2 I have to do where my brother lives

3 We were stuck in traffic for which came as abit of a surprise seven hours whose hair came down to

4 Were emigrating to Canada her waist

S I met agirl how much I miss you

6 I passed all my exams whatever you want

7 Let me know which was anightmare

8 Being generous Ill buy you what I believe to be right

2 Complete the sentences with a relative pronoun If the pronoun can be omitted add nothing

The lady is sitting in the wheelchair is my grandmother

2 I know an Italian restaurant ___ serves excellent pasta

3 I know an Italian restaurant you can always get a table

4 Uncle Tom earns a fortune ___ is why rve asked him to lend me pound 1 000

5 Sean is a child ___ people immediately like

6 My daughter ambition is to emigrate to Australia has finally got her visa

7 I gave him a glass of water he drank thirstily

8 The flight we wanted to get was fully booked

9 My aunties house is the place I feel most at home

10 This is the smallest car has ever been made

11 Thats the man wife got angry with him because he kept his motorbike in their bedroom

12 I love the stories you wrote for me

13 I go shopping at the new shopping centre ___ theres always free parking

14 She told me shed been widowed ___I didnt realize

15 ___ you do dont touch that button The machine will explode

5 Prepositions in relative clauses Combine the sentences keeping the preposition after the verb in the relative clause

I want you to meet the people 1 work with them

Iwant you to meet the people work with

2 Shes a friend I can always rely on her

3 Thats the man The police were looking for him

4 She recommended a book by Robert Palmer rd never heard of him

5 You paid pound400 for a suit It has been reduced to pound200 The suit ______________

6 This is the book I was telling you about it

7 The college Principal gave a good speech I agree with his views

8 He spoke about the environment I care deeply about this

9 Whats that music Youre listening to it

10 My mother died last week I looked after her for many years

52 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Participles Grammar Reference 82 Students Book p150

6 Participles as adjectives Complete the adjectives with -ed or -ing

a shockmg story

2 a reserved seat

3 screalll-- children

4 a satisL- customer

7 Participle clauses 1 Rewrite the sentences with a present or past participle clause instead

of a relative clause

Can you see the woman whos dressed in red over there

Can you see the woman dressed in red over there

2 People who live in blocks of flats often complain of loneliness

3 Letters that are posted before 5 pm should arrive the next day

4 The train that is standing on platform 5 is for Manchester

5 a disgust--- meal 5 Firemen have rescued passengers who were trapped in the accident

6 a confus __ explanation

7 a house in an expoamp-- position 6 They live in a lovely house that overlooks the River Thames

8 a concei~ person

9 a frighteI1- film 7 It took workmen days to clear up the litter that was dropped by the crowds

10 an exhausL-- walk

11 disappoint--- exam results

12 a tir __ journey

13 an unexpecL- surprise

14 disturb__ news

15 a thril~ story

16 a rel3X-- holiday

17 a disappoinL- customer

18 well-behav__ children

19 a promiamp-- start

20 a cake load __ with calories

2 Complete the sentences with a verb from the box in either its present or past participle form

feel borrow explain say ftfffl study finish take know steal

1 Jo was in a bad mood for the whole week completely ruining our holiday

2 After her exams Maggie went out to celebrate

3 Jewellery in the robbery has never been recovered

4 I got a letter from the Tax Office that lowe them pound1000

5 _____ hungry I decided to make myself a sandwich

6 Books _____ from the library must be returned in two weeks

7 Not what to do she burst out crying

8 I had a long talk to Jack why it was important for him to work hard

9 everything into consideration Ive decided to give you a second chance

10 With both children _____at university the house seems really quiet

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 53

------ ------ -- ------ ------ -- --- ----- -- ------ -- ------ -- -- -- --- -------------------- ------- ---- ----

Revision of relatives and participles 8 The thri II seeker

II1D Read and complete the article with the clauses in the box

Relative clause

a where temperatures drop to -7tC

b who battles with

c who sees that as achallenge

d that nature ever invented

e in which there is a lake of boiling lava

f where everyone else is

g no-one has done before

h youve never heard of before

which unexpectedly develops

Past participle

j otherwise known as

k Trapped for five days

Present participle

I before heading for the high winds

m starting this Monday on the Discovery Channel

n getting right inside the 150mph winds

-

He laughs in the face of common sense He is DANGERMAN It helps to be fearless

So says Dangennan (1) __ extreme adventure cameraman Geoff Mackley

(2) __ some of the most inhospitable weather conditions and desolate

places (3) __ What drives the New Zealander to do it

There arent many places left where no-one has ever been or things (4) __

and Im one of those people (5) __ I he says

See for yourself in his series of adventures (6) __

EPISODE 1 The Perfect Storm bull Dangerman chases after major typhoons first in Asia (7) __ of North Carolina and

finally (8) __ of Hurricane Isabel

EPISODE 2 The Deep Freeze bull In the coldest town on earth in Northern Siberia (9) __ Dangerman and extreme

survival expert Mark Whetu become the first people to camp outside

EPISODE 3 The Craters Edge bull Dangerman climbs down into avolcano (lO) __ and gets caught in a tropical storm

(II) __ into acyclone (12) __ with no food or water he survives torrential rain l violent winds and clouds of toxic gas

bull Dangerman says Who wants to be (13) __ Its the thrit of finding aplace (14) __

More people have landed on the moon than have been to these places I

~================

54 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Vocabulary 9 People places and things

Complete the table with these descriptive adjectives Put six in each group

oospeHt stubborn breathtaking thrilled spoilt aggressive picturesque automatic hand-made deserted exhausted accurate waterproof desolate long-lasting priceless easy-going overcrowded

People Places Things

ungpoilt

2 Complete the sentences with an adjective from exercise 1

The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely _____

fantastic scenery as far as the eye could see

2 These flowers are quite if you keep the vase full of water and in the shade

3 The new car we bought is fully I dont want to change gears when Im driving any more

4 Youre good to be on holiday with Youre very _____

and dont worry about anything

5 The countryside we camped in was completely _____ not a person a gift shop or a caravan site for miles

6 The Cotswolds is an area in England which is very _____

It has Jots of pretty old-fashioned villages and beautiful green countryside

7 Their child is really _____ He wont do a thing they tell him

I think its because hes They give him everything he asks for

8 That bag youre looking at is _____ Look at the quality of

the work

9 The beach was seriously There was no room to put our towels down So we hired a boat and sailed along the coast until we found a tiny one which was completely We were the only ones on it

10 Nouns in groups

look at these examples of number +

noun + noun athree-mile walk asixteen-rear-old girl aten-hour flight

These are expressions of measurement before a noun The number and the first nOlln are joined with a hyphen and the first noun is usually in the singular

Put the information before the noun

1 a note that is worth ten pounds

2 a language course that lasts four weeks

3 a drive that takes three hours

4 a meal that consists of three courses

5 a holiday that lasts two weeks

6 a delay at the airport that went on for two hours

7 a letter that goes on for ten pages

8 a university course that takes three years

9 a prison sentence of ten years

10 a hotel with five stars

11 a speed limit of 30 miles an hour

12 a house that was built two hundred years ago

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 55

Prepositions 11 Adjective + preposition

Complete these sentences with the correct preposition

Are you afraid the dark

2 She was angry me not telling her the news

3 Dubai is famous its architecture

4 Bill is jealous me because Im cleverer than him

5 Im very proud __ my two daughters

6 Im disappointed you I thought I could

trust you

7 Youre very different ___ your brother I thought youd be similar e(1ch other

8 Are you excited ___ going on holiday

9 Visitors to Britain arent used --- driving on the left

10 Visitors to hot countries need to be aware --- the risk of malaria

11 You should be ashamed what you did

12 I am most grateful --- all your help

13 Who is responsible ___ this mess

14 Whats wrong --- you You dont look well

15 My son is crazy ___ a rock group called

The Hives

Pronunciation 12 Silent consonants 1 English words often have silent consonants

~no~ fvrite walk clim~

l1li Complete the table with these words Cross out the silent consonants

fflEfttstty executive h6rtffi inhabitant receipt distinctly rebuilt fasten eccentric insect lamp sumptuous exhausted whistle straight anonymous citizen fascinating delighted documentary landscape temperature business debt

II A B all consonants pronounced some consonants

not pronounced 1shy

indumv lWned

2 DB Write these words They all have silent consonants

1 Isal~n tJflkl 6 naltme~1

2 Isalkol~03Istl 7 Iklalml

3 hrens~ml 8 lgrrenfoo~1

4 InsitI 9 lwenzdeII

5 IkwalJI LO Ikoml

56 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

vV ~

Expressing habit get and be

Things aint what they used to be

Present and past habit Grammar Reference Students Book p150

Present habit 2 Past habit Match a sentence in A with a sentence in B 1 Complete the sentences with the correct

form of used to positive question or negativeA 8

1shy -1 D Shes really generous

2 D Hes so disorganized 3 D Shes very fashionable

4 D Hes so dishonest 5 D Shes so sensitive

6 D Hes really stubborn

7 0 Shes so rude

8 0 Theyre so spoilt 9 0 Shes very energetic

10 0 Hes very ambitious

a

b

c

d

e f

g h

Hes always applying for new jobs

She never thinks before she speaks

He wont ever change his mind

Shes always buying me presents

Hes always telling lies Shell only wear designer clothes

He never finishes anything he starts Shell start crying at the slightest thing

They get everything they ask for

She jogs to work every day

There _____ be a beautiful old building where that car park is now

2 have a Saturday job when you were at school

3 She be so moody Its only since she lost her job

4 _____ play cricket when you were at school

S My grandfather never _____ get so out of breath when he climbed the stairs

2 Write more sentences like those in column B above Use either the Present Simple always + Present Continuous or will 6 Julie be as slim as she is

now Shes been dieting Shes very fussy about her food ~he Hever eats aHvtfljng you make forher 7 Where go out to eat when 2 Hes really arrogant

you lived in Madrid 3 She adores ice-cream

8 smoke 60 cigarettes a day 4 He hates all sport How did you give up

S Theyre shopping mad

6 Hes a real computer nerd )ad jou I~ot UJ 0)

0w Clj s 0 sec t-o a 0 V 3 f u V 5-asf-e(

7 Shes a telly addict

tmiddotM e a lt3 0 8 Hes really easy-going tA at

9 Their children are very rude

10 Hes very kind

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 57

2 Which of the verb forms can complete the sentences below Tick (I) all possible answers

___ long blonde hair when I was first married

a0had b[Z]used to have cDwould have

2 We ___ Auntie Jean every time we went to London

a0 visited b0 used to visit cDwould visit

3 Pam ___ in a bank for six months but then she got an amazing new job

aD worked b Dused to work cDwould work

4 We coffee and croissants every morning for breakfast

a D had b D used to have cD would have

S We to each other every day when we were apart

aD wrote bDused to write cDwould write

6 He to me for 2S years and then stopped

a Dwrote b Dused to write c Dwould write

7 In the old days people you if you were in trouble

aDhelped bDused to help cDwouid help

8 living so close to the sea

a D loved bD used to love cDwould love

9 Dave Mike three times if he wanted to go to the match with him

aD asked b D used to ask cDwould ask

10 I questions in class I was too shy

a D never asked bD never used to ask cDwould never ask

sa Unit 9

3 Annoying behaviour 1 Tick (I) the sentences where the speaker is annoyed by

someones behaviour

D He watches all the sports programmes on TV 2 D Hes always watching sports programmes on TV

3 D Shed give us extra lessons after school 4 D She would give us extra lessons after school S D She was always giving us extra lessons 6 D She used to give us extra lessons

7 D The cat always sleeps on the sofa 8 D The cat will sleep on the sofa

9 D The cats always sleeping on the sofa

2 Rewrite the sentences so that they express a criticism

My familys bad habits

1 My dad mends his motorbike in the living room

2 My brother leaves the top off the toothpaste

3 My sister often borrows my clothes without asking

4 Uncle Tom smokes cigars in the kitchen

5 My grandpa used to eat toast in bed

6 My grandma didnt use to turn on her hearing aid

4 getandbe

1 Compare these sentences

Dont worry Youll soon getUHd to working such long hours tam used to working long hours rve done it for years

He eventuallygot used to the tropical climate but it took a long time t was born in India so fm uslaquol to ahot climate

Get used to means become used to and describes a change of state Be used to describes a state

2 Get can be used with other past participles and adjectives to describe changes of state

The seas pttingrough Lets go back

We got lost on the mountain

We got married last week

3 Get can sometimes be used with an infinitive to talk about a gradual change

As I got to know Paris Istarted to like itmore and more r m sure the kids will soon get to like each other

The change doesnt have to be gradual It can be sudden

Shell be furious ifshe gets tohear about this

Complete the sentences with used to be used to or get used to in the correct form positive or negative

If you Indian food this dish might be too spicy for you

2 Ill never your hair that short Youll have to grow it again

3 A How do you drive in all this traffic

B I it now so its OK But it took me a while to all the cars lanes and bad tempers believe me

4 Tom didnt like his new school at first but he

eventually it and made new friends

5 I jog every morning but I dont any more Im so unfit now

6 When I was a boy I like going to

piano lessons so I stopped Now Im in my forties Ive started learning again

7 Sally wont find it easy to go on a diet She _____ having three spoonfuls of sugar in her tea and coffee

8 A I hate my new job

B Give it a chance You may _____ it after

youve been there a bit longer

9 ____you watch old cowboy films

on the TV when you were young

lOA ____ you your new teacher

yet I know you didnt like her much at first

B Well I have a bit Shes OK I suppose

2 Complete the sentences with get or be in the correct form and a word or expression from the box

better ready (x 2) dressed dark tired to like to know a pilot lost upset married

I often when I watch the news Such awful things are happening in the world

2 A How are you feeling

B I slowly but I still feel weak

3 My little nephew is determined ______

when he grows up

4 A Come on Helen The play starts in half an hour

B I in two minutes I just --____ and putting my shoes on

A I dont know why it takes you so long I ______ since 600

5 A Do we turn right or left at the next junction

B Ive no idea I think we ______

6 A Did you hear that Sue and Chris

B Well I always thought they would make a perfect couple

7 I didnt use to like Mick at all but the more I - _____ him the more I ______

him Now hes my best friend

8 Can we stop walking for a minute I need a rest 1______

9 In England in summer it is still light at 900 in the evening but in winter it at 500

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 59

5 Henrys pound45 million secret 1 Read the story of Henry WardleWhich of the

verbs in italics

can change to both would or used to 2 can change only to used to 3 must stay in the Past Simple

Put the correct number 1-3 next to the letters

Henrys pound45 million secret The villagers in Middleton Yorkshire often (a) __

worried about poor old Henry Wardle Henry 86

(b) __ lived alone except for his ancient cat Tiddles

in a tiny one-bedroomed cottage and always (c) __

asked for credit when buying cat food in the local shop

Then last month Henry (d) __ died leaving 45 million

pounds in his will The truth was that Henry was a

multi-millionaire and he (e) __ owned houses all

over the country from which he (f) __ made a fortune in

rent All this came as a complete shock to his neighbours

They believed that Henry (g) __ was a poor window

cleaner and indeed he often (h) __ entertained them

with tales from his window-cleaning days

However his brother Mr Sam Wardle 82 said that

this was all nonsense Henry had never been a window

cleaner but had started work at the age of fourteen as a

bricklayer Then when he was 30 he (i) _ bought his

first house and after that he frequently (j) _ bought

and sold houses Sam says that his brothers only interest

was making money but he (k) __ hated spending it He

(1) -- didnt spend a penny of his own money unless he

had to Henry never once (m) __ had a holiday but for

many years he (n) _ had a fiancee a lady called Betty

Barraclough but he (0) __ decided not tomiddotmarry her

because a wife was too expensive

Henry (p) _left his pound45000000 to Tiddles and a

local cat charity His friends and family received nothing

2 Here are some sentences about Henry Complete them with one suitable word from the box

use used(x2) would didnt to always never

The villagers _____ to believe all Henrys lies

2 The shopkeeper _____ frequently give Henry credit

3 Henrys neighbours were used _____ hearing stories about his work as a window cleaner

4 In fact he _______ use to work as a window cleaner

S He liked making money but he didnt ______ to like spending it

6 Sam must have got to his brothers mean ways over the years

7 Henry was buying and selling houses

8 Henry used to go on holiday

60 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Phrasal verbs 8 Phrasal verbs and nouns that go together 1 Some phrasal verbs have a strong association with certain

objects set out on a journey work out the solution to a problem Match a verb with an object There may be more than one answer but there is one that is best

10 come up with a someone you respect 20 break into b a naughty child 30 breakoff c aproblem acomplaint adifficult customer 40 telloff d the other people in the group

50 bringup e a university course after one year 60 counton f asolution to aproblem 70 dealwith g your best friend to help you 80 drop out of h children to be honest and hard-working 90 fit in with ahouse aflat to steal something

10 0 look up to j afact that someone might not be aware of 11 0 point out k what Isaid -I didnt mean it 12 0 take back an engagement

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb from exercise 1

The thieves _____ the warehouse and stole goods worth pound20000

2 He his elder sister because she always seemed so wise and experienced

3 I accused you of being mean the other day 1___

it all Im sorry

4 I hadnt noticed that the living room was a different colour until someone it to me

5 Scientists will have to new methods of increasing the worlds food supply

6 She Tom because he hit his sister

7 You have a problem with your order madam Ill just get someone to it for you

8 I had a new student today He seems very nice Im sure hell the rest of the class just fine

9 Why did you university after just one term What are you going to do now

10 Im running for President I hope I can - ____ your support

11 My parents me _____ to finish all the food on my plate

12 Charles is miserable Penelope their engagement last week for some reason

62 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Listening 9 A small disagreement

1 lID Listen to the conversation and choose the best answers to these questions

What are the people arguing about a D Nick doesnt want Fiona to watch a sitcom

on TV

b D Fiona thinks Nicks TV detective programmes are rubbish

c D Nick and Fiona cant agree on which TV programmes to watch these days

2 How do they resolve their disagreement a D Theyre going to watch a detective

programme together

b D They are going to rent more DVDs c D Nick is going to watch a sitcom with Fiona

2 Tick (I) the phrases you hear for making a point

1 0 The point is that 2 0 If you want my opinion bull 3 D Another thing is that 4 0 To tell you the truth bull 5 0 As far as Im concerned 6 0 Ifyou ask me 7 0 Thats not the point 8 0 The point Im trying to make is that 9 D I suppose the problem is that

10 D But the main point is that

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers

Pronunciation 10 Weak and strong forms

lID Auxiliary verbs have weak and strong forms depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed

1 Sometimes the weak form is a contraction he is = hes she does not shedoesnt Ihavenot =Ihavent

2 Sometimes the weak form is a change in the vowel sound This is often a change to I~

Weak Strong Weak to It)l Itu1 for If)l

of I)vi lovl from Ifr)m

at l~tI lretl

Stronl IfJI

Ifroml

-

was

Weak Iw)zi Was Tom there

Strong

Iwozi Yes he was

were Iw~1

Were you there IW31 Yes we were

can Ik~nl

Can you swim keen (cant =kontJ) Yes Iean

been Ibml rve been shopping

Ibinl Where have you been

Some prepositions also have weak and strong vowel sounds

lID all auxiliaries and prepositions with weak vowel sounds Underline all those with strong vowels

1 IQwant see him but I sure you want to

2 She isnt going to learn from this experience but

he is

3 Ive heard that youre thinking of moving from

London Are you

4 They have dinner at seven dont they

5 Youll be able to get a ticket for me wont you

6 Ive got no idea who this letters from

7 Cant you remember who Bill used to work for

8 Ive been waiting for you to come Where were you

9 Wed been looking forward to coming for ages then

at the last minute we werent able to

lO Wont you sit down for a couple of minutes

2 l1li Read the telephone conversation between two friends and transcribe As lines Add punctuation to make the meaning clear

A wot ~ ju dUIJ) ~t ~~ wikend

B I havent decided yet

A WI~ g~ulJ) t~ skotl~nd dju won~ kAm tu

B Id love to Where are you staying

A wiv dlsaldld t~ kremp nAn ~v AS k~n ~f~d t~ pel f~r~ h~otell

B Camping in Scotland in October Youll be freezing cold

A n~u wi w~unt wiv got strolJ tents lots ~v w~m kl~uz ~n fhk sliplTJ bregz

B Have you checked the weather forecast

A Jv klS wi hrev ~nd Its pnti w~m f~r Dkt~ub~

B OK then Itll be quite an adventure

A eks~l~nt ad tel 01 AOOZ red bi dIlaltoo WI~1 plk ju Ap ~t slks on fraldeI si jo ~en gudball

B Bye

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel 63

Revision of modals Grammar Reference Students Book p151

Present to past Rewrite the sentences to make them refer to the past

I must post the letters

Ihad to pod the letter~

2 I have to take the pills three times a day

3 They must be away on holiday

4 We cant see the top of the mountain

5 He cant be a millionaire

6 We mustnt shout in the classroom

7 He wont go to bed

8 That will be John on the phone

9 You should be more careful

10 You could help with the washing-up for a change

Modal auxiliary verbs in the past

Risking tife and limb

Modal verbs of probability 2 How certain 1 0IiI Decide on the degree of certainty in these sentences Put two ticks

(~I) if the idea expressed is certain Put one tick (I) if it is less certain

1 [ZZJ You must have seen him at the cinema I know he was there 2 [lJ The boy is really dirty He might have swum in the lake 3 cJ He cant have been telling the truth 4 cJ He might have left a message on your mobile S cJ I dont know where she is She may have gone shopping 6 cJ She must have been very upset when you told her the news 7 c=J Theyre not answering their phone They must have gone away already 8 cJ I dont see their car They cant have come back yet 9 c=J Its six oclock Tom will have gone home by now

10 cJ Michael isnt here - he might have thought you werent coming and gone to the cinema by himself

11 CJ I could have cancelled the meeting if Id known earlier 12 cJ Ianll be back soon Its Friday Hell have gone to the shop after work

2 Make sentences from the table

can If I go to India I will see the

If I went to India I may might

Taj Mahal

have seen the If Id gone to India I would Taj Mahal

could

1 2 ________________________~

3

4

5 ______~~~~~~ __~---

64 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

3 Past probability I Write sentences for the situations below using the 2 Write sentences for the situations below using the

information in the box information in the box in the perfect infinitive passive

He

She

They

must have

cant have

might have

cut it

gone

mislaid

arrived home

got engaged

had

been doing

been making

acake

guests last night

to Andy

something naughty

for ages

without me

by now

my number

watered by the wind

It

They

must have been

cant have been

washed

hit

blown down

by astone

properly

recently

repaired while we were away

dry-cleaned with something red

1 Stellas wearing a beautiful diamond ring

2 Look at the length of the grass in Bills garden

3 The children ran away laughing and giggling

4 Theres flour on grandmas nose

5 Paulo and Geri said theyd wait for me but I cant see them

6 Klauss flat is so clean and tidy

7 Its after midnight Henri and Sally left ages ago

8 I dont know why Tara didnt ring

1 A tree has fallen across the road

2 My white jeans have turned pink

3 My TV has broken and Ive only just had it fixed

4 Davids suit looks a bit dirty now

5 All the flowers in the garden have died

6 The car windscreen is broken

~MEONt MU5T ~VE PLANTED THeM THERE

Unrr 10 bull Risking life and limb 65

4 Past modals of deduction Complete the conversations with the correct form of the verbs in brackets

A I wonder how the thief got into our apartment

B He ( 1) (could use) the fire escape or he

(2) (might climb up) that tree

A Well he (3) ______ (need not bother) Theres

nothing to steal

2 A Bill told me that hed spent pound2000 on a birthday present for

his wife but he (4) (must joke) Surely

he (5) (can not spend) that much

B I think you (6) ______ (might mishear) him

3 A Its three thirty Mum and Dads plane landed over an hour

ago They (7) (should phone)

B They (8) (may be delayed) No

look Theyre driving up now You (9) ______

(need not worry)

4 A Youre very sunburnt You (10)______ (should

not burn) if youd used your factor 30 suncream

B I (11) (must fall) asleep And

1(12) ______ (can not put on) enough cream

Ouch

5 Past modals - various uses Choose the correct answer

Im sorry I shouldnt have couldnt have told Tom what you said about him

2 A Wheres the cat

B Dont know He may have II have gone into the garden

A No I remember Its Tuesday isnt it Mum should have II have taken him to the vet

3 A Are Pat and Jan definitely coming Id have might have thought theyd have arrived by now

B They should have could have been held up by traffic dont you think

A Or they might have neednt have had an accident

B Dont be silly Anyway wed have must have heard by now if something like that had happened

A Well I neednt have mustnt have prepared lunch so early And I think they should have may have rung if they knew they were going to be late

4 A Who was that man

B He cant have must have been a friend of Jims He was asking if rd seen him

The Famous Three ~

Young friends

rescue fall

victim in the

nick of time

6 The Famous Three 1 Read the article and choose the correct answers

The article is called The Famous Three because

a D the children are now famous after rescuing the woman

b 0 the children are similar to another group ofchildren in an adventure story

2 Mrs Hauton the injured woman had been in the woods for

a D twenty-four hours

b D two nights

3 In hospital Mrs Hauton

a D recognized and thanked the children b D had difficulty remembering the

accident

2 Complete the article putting the modals and verbs in brackets in the past Sometimes you need to use the continuous infinitive

66 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

Im sure that the fictional Famous Five invented by

childrens story writer Enid Blyton (1)______

(will be) proud of these three children

The three young friends were walking in the

woods when they saw a hand mysteriously poking

through the undergrowth and decided to investigate

Alison Bailey 15 followed her brother Simon and

his friend Liam Stone both 11 into the bushes and

found an injured woman She (2) _____

(must lie) there for more than a day

Yesterday paramedics praised the children

for saving Mrs Hautons life They said she (3)

______(can not survive) another

night outside

It is believed that Mrs Hauton (4) ____~-

(may have) a seizure while out for a walk last

Wednesday She then (5) (must fall)

and slipped down the bank

Alison said The lady (6) ______

(can hear) us and reached her hand out But she

could hardly speak and she was shaking She

(7) (will get) very cold overnight

She kept repeating that she wanted to get up but

I said that she should stay still because she

(8) (can break) her back I kept

talking to her until the ambulance arrived I (9)

_____(must talk) non-stop for at least

half an hour

Simon and Liam added We were scared stitT at

first but we (10) (need not be) Then

we ran to call an ambulance Were glad we helped

She (11) (might die)

In true Enid Blyton style the three rescuers have

been to hospital to see Mrs Hauton who is indeed

recovering from back injuries and hypothermia Alison

said We popped in to see the lady at the weekend

She still wasnt sure why she was in hospital She

(12) (must be) very confused when she

woke up She looked a lot better though

Ambulanceman Gary Smart said The children

were very quick-thinking They did everything exactly

as they (13) (should do) And if

Mrs Hauton had spent any more time in the woods

it (14) (can be) fatal

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 67

Vocabulary 7 Revision body idioms ~ Complete the conversation with the correct form of body idioms from the box

head for business give her a hand face the fact heart-to-heart heart of gold hands full heart sharp tongue put a brave face pull my leg

A Hows your little sister getting on with your parents these days Better

B Yes a lot better They had a big (1) talk at the weekend and that helped

A So what was the problem then

B Well for one thing since I moved into my own flat Ive had my (2) with sorting it all out so I havent been home My sisters having to (3) that shes the only child left at home nowl Also my parents wanted her to go to university She tried but her (4) wasnt in it She wants to open her own shop

A Yes shes got a very good (5) hasnt she

B Yes shes always been good with money Anyway she told my parents that they were putting too much pressure on her

A Oh deart Your poor parents Shes always had a bit of a (6) hasnt she

B Yes but she doesnt really mean it Underneath she has a (7) Shes very kind really

A Oh I know But how did your parents react

B Well I think they (8) on it but they were really hurt Anyway she apologized And now - guess what Theyre all

going into business together I A What I dont believe it Youre (9) _____

B No its trUel Her shop opens in three months and my parents are going to (10) with running it

A Thats greatl

8 1

2

Physical appearance or personality Write these adjectives in the correct columns Careful One adjective can go in both columns

moody big-headed brainy graceful wrinkled qUick-thinking skinny nosy bald cheeky well-buitt narrow-minded affectionate smart curly hard-hearted

ILhyskal appearance Personality

Complete the sentences with the parts of the body in the box used as verbs

arm elbow eye foot hand head shoulder thumb

The teacher out the exam papers and told the class to begin writing

2 I managed to my way to the front of the crowd so I got a good view of the procession

3 I havent read the magazine yet I just _ ____through it to see if there were any interesting pictures

4 We all the new member of the class with curiosity We were eager to see what she was like

S They ordered the most expensive things on the menu because they knew that I -----thebill

6 In the final seconds of the match Benson _____the ball into the back of the net making it one-nil

7 Policemen with guns in many countries

8 Id hate to be Managing Director I dont think I could the responsibility of making so many important decisions

Prepositions 9 Verb + preposition

Complete the sentences with a verb in its correct form and a preposition

I ~

Verbs

thaAIE forgive -

Prepositions

into of -

accuse hide at on

trick

congratulate

hold

inherit

for

from

to

shout model

invite remind

He tltaftbtJ the nurse tor all her help

2 You me so much __ your

father You look just like him

3 Everyone me __ passing my driving test at the fourth attempt

4 My teenage daughter always _____

herself __ her latest pop idol Shes bought a jacket just like his

S Dont the truth __ me I want to know everything

6 He picked up the crying baby and --___her tightly __his chest

7 Weve_____ 300 guests __our

wedding

8 I think that TV ads people __ buying things that they dont really want

9 Ididnt_____apenny __ mygreat

uncle when he died

10 The spectators abuse __ the referee when he disallowed the goal

11 How can I ever _____ him__

telling me all those lies

12 by my employers __

stealing which I strongly denied

Pronunciation 10 Rhymes and limericks 1 om Make rhyming pairs with the words from the box

good chief court deaf fool mud height lose knew knows grieve put reign said pour weight wool

should ludl good leaf lifl

bread ledl taught I)tl

choose luzJ chef lefl

toes l~ozJ through lu1

hate leltl wore 1)1

tight laItl brain leml

full loll leave livl

pool lu11 foot loti

blood IAdl

2 OIIJ Limericks are short poems with a distinctive rhythm The lines rhyme AABBA Transcribe the lines written in phonetics in these two limericks

MY frientJ An exceedingly fat friend of mine

When asked at what hour hed dine ---~ Replied At hlev~n

At leri falv ~n sev~n

And eight and a Ikw)t~ pas nam

Ih e gour~et A gourmet dining at Crewe

Found a rather Ilad3 mausl in his stew

Said the waiter Dont IJauti

And Iwelvl it about

Or the rest will be wanting one tu

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 69

Hypothesis unless supposing in case

In your dreams

Real time or unreal time Grammar Reference Students Book plSl

Real or hypothetical past 1 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Simple Tick (I) those

that refer to real past time What do the others refer to

1 0 Did you see Lorenzo when you were in Italy 2 0 I wish I worked in the open air

3 0 If you didnt smoke you wouldnt cough so much 4 0 When we lived in London wed always travel by bus S 0 Id rather we lived in a small country town 6 0 Its time we had a new car

7 D If only you were always as happy as you are today 8 0 Why didnt you come to the coffee bar

2 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Perfect Tick (I) those that express reality and cross (X) those which dont

1 0 I wish Id said that 2 D She asked me if I had known him for a long time 3 0 If I hadnt been so nervous I would have passed the exam

4 0 If only youd arrived five minutes earlier SOl woke up and realized it had all been a terrible dream

6 0 What if they hadnt agreed to give you a pay rise

7 0 Had the water risen a bit more our house would have been flooded

8 0 She told me shed been given a car for her birthday

3 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb which expresses reality

I wish you didnt bite your nails but you do

2 I wish I earned more but I _____

3 I should have listened to their advice but I _____

4 If only I could speak Spanish but I _____

S If only he werent so selfish but he ---- shy

6 I wish my car would start but it _____

7 I wish you didnt argue all the time but you ---- shy

8 If only I hadnt been fired but I ---- shy

9 I wish I had a flat of my own but 1_____

70 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Wishes and regrets 2 Present and past wishes

1 Use the words from the columns to make as many correct and logical sentences as you can

were

I wish you I

could would

come rich

had

2 Choose the correct alternative in the following sentences Sometimes two are possible

1 I really wish I can could was able to speak another language

2 I wish it wasnt wouldnt be isnt so cold I hate the winter

3 Its time we have had have had a holiday

4 Our holiday was a disaster Id rather we didnt go hadnt gone werent going

S The play was brilliant after you left You should stay had stayed have stayed longer

6 I wish you dont speak didnt speak wouldnt speak so quickly I cant follow you

7 What were you doing on that wall Supposing youd had would have hadnt had an accident

8 Shed rather her grandchildren live lived had lived nearer Then she could see them more often

3 Expressions of regret 1 Rewrite the sentences so they have similar meanings

using the words in brackets

1 Im sorry I didnt invite him to lunch (wish)

2 Why werent you watching the road (should)

3 I regret saying that to her (If only)

4 I shouldnt have hit him (wish)

5 I dont want you to tell her ( d rather)

6 I dont like it when Meg stays out so late (wish)

7 I regret I didnt work harder for my exams (should)

2 Write sentences to express these peoples wishes and regrets Use the expressions from exercise 1

2

3 4

5 6

4 What I wish Id known IIJD Read the article and put one word from the box into each gap

What I wish Id known when Iwas 20

have would should wish only could

Annette Newman 43 MOTHER AND TEACHER

I (1) Id realized how much

Itook my mother for granted at that age

If (2) she (3) have

Itved to see me with my own children Im sure

she(4) have said I told you so

and Iwould (5) replied Sorry Mum

I (6) have listened to you more I

had no idea that being amother was such hard

work

imagine could unless have hadnt wouldnt had would

Simon Hewitt 55 ACCOUNTS MANAGER

Iwish I (7) ____ been so painfully

shy when Iwas in my teens and twenties

I (8J go out or do anything

(9) I really had to Ifonly someone

(10) have told me that I needed to

make myself go out and meet people and that it

(11) gradually get easier Ihave a

nice life now but (12) Iconquered

my shyness earlier (13) the life

Icould (14) had

if s realized could had hadnt

Jame Garner 31 LANDSCAPE GARDENER

I left school with no qualifications feeling an

academic failure Iwish I (15) known

then that I (16) have adecent career

in gardening It (17) time that more

young people [ 18) that success

can be achieved without passing exams And

(19J I (20) eventually

realized that my love ofptants could get me the

job of my dreams Iwould still be moving from

one dead-end job to another

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 71

----------

--------

Third conditional 1 iIID May Brown is a sales execu tive for a leading

cosmetics company Read about her disastrous day and complete the sentences below

A disastrous day for

May

L ast Sunday night May forgot to set her alarm clock so she overslept and was an hour late for

work Mays boss Ms Collins called her into the office and told her that because she was late again she couldnt go on a planned business trip to Dubai the following week Ms Collins said that shed decided to send a more reliable person May was so upset about missing her business trip that she locked herself in the ladies restroom and cried her heart out Also she completely forgot that she had arranged to meet her friend Nell for lunch at an Italian restaurant

Eventually she dried her eyes and returned to her desk She looked at her computer screen It was totally out of focus Had it broken She asked a colleague but he said that he couldnt see anything wrong with it Then May realized what had happened

The computermiddot was all right but she wasnt Shed lost one of her contact lenses in the restroom

At last the day ended Without her contact lens May had to get the bus home and leave her car at work because she couldnt see to drive She waited at the bus stop for over an hour in the pouring rain and didnt get home until 8 oclock There she was greeted by a message from Nell on her answering machine

72 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

May wouldnt have overslept if ________

2 Her business trip wouldnt have been cancelled if

3 If she hadnt been so upset she _______

restroom and she _______ Nell for lunch

4 If shed met Nell for lunch

5 If she hadnt cried so much ________

6 She could have driven home if

7 If shed driven home ___________

8 She wouldnt have caught cold if _______

9 Nell wouldnt have ended their friendship if___

10 If shed remembered to feed the cat ______

Nell was very angry and reminded May that this was the third time she had forgotten to meet her She said that she clearly didnt care about her and this was the end of their friendship May was heartbroken In tears for the second time that day she decided to go to bed before anything else could go wrong However she forgot to feed the cat

The next day with a streaming cold she went downstairs to make herself a cup of tea and found bird feathers everywhere The poor hungry cat had eaten the canary Poor canary May went back to bed and pulled the covers over her head

2 to excuses

6wouldnt I I ill I I sneltnsn I I

2 I I I if I I I time I III

2

a

If I

want to

3 3 I I

4

4 I III 5 A Does

B

6 two 3 excuse

7 A __ (do)a contact

B I

8 us2 a

we

If I 9 were

a

was

10 You were to Max If I

11 4 to set my

12 to

I was to

If

11 bull In

5

Ways of introducing conditionals Conditionals can be introduced in avariety of ways other than with if

unless Unless means-except if

Well go swimming unless it rains Unless theres astrike fll be at work tomorrow

incase In case means the first action is aprecaution it happens because the second action might happen Compare these two sentences

fll take my umbrella in case it rains (I plan to take my umbrella)

fll take my umbrella ifit rains (I dont plan to take my umbrella if I dont have to)

Supposing bull Suppose bullbull Imagine bull These mean the same as Imagine if or What if The condition is more improbable so they are more often found in second and third conditionals They are questions and they come at the beginning of a sentence

Supposing you could go on holiday tomorrow where would you go Imagine you were rich what would you buy

2 In more formal styles if can be dropped and the auxiliary verb inverted

Were you to question me about the matter Iwould deny all knowledge Had Iknown that he was ajournalist Iwould have said nothing Should the meeting last longer than expected f have to cancel my dinner engagement

Herefuses to comedown unless you agree to all of his demands

7 Words other than if 1 Choose the correct word

In case Imagine there were no more wars shywouldnt that be wonderful

2 Im going to take a cushion to the concert in case unless the seats are hard

3 Well miss the beginning of the film should unless you hurry

4 Unless In case you behave yourself you cant come to the theatre with us

5 Suppose Should you got lost what would you do 6 Ill take a book in case unless Im bored on the

journey 7 Had Supposing I understood the problem Id have

done something about it 8 Should In case you fail to pay this bill court action

will be taken

2 Rewrite these sentences using the words in brackets

1 I wont come if they dont invite me (unless)

2 What would you do if he left his job (supposing)

3 If you had learned to play tennis would you have been a champion by now (suppose)

4 Were going to install a smoke alarm There may be a fire (in case)

5 She wont get that job if she doesnt learn to speak French (unless)

6 If the lifeguard hadnt been there what would have happened (imagine)

7 I wont go out this evening Paul might ring (in case)

8 Ill be at my desk until 600 if you need to speak to me about the matter (should)

74 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Vocabulary 8 Similar words different meaning

These adjective pairs are easy to confuse Complete the sentences with the correct adjectives

unreadable illegible

I couldnt work out who the letter was from The signature was completely ---- shy

2 I know Shakespeare is very popular but I find him totally_____

childish childlike

3 Sarah is so _____ Shes always having temper tantrums

4 It was wonderful to watch the lambs playing I got such pleasure from it

sensible sensitive

S Sophie is extremely _____ at the moment Anything you say upsets her

6 Karen is not a very person She wore high~heeled shoes for our four-mile walk

true truthful

7 Ive never known her to tell a lie Shes a very _____ person

8 I can never watch sad films that are based on a -----story They always make me cry

intolerable intolerant

9 Susan is so of other people She never accepts anyone elses opinion and she always thinks she knows best

10 I find Marks behaviour Its unfair to be so selfish

economic economical

11 Were having an crisis at the moment James has lost his job and I dont know how we are going to pay the mortgage

12 Its much more to drive slowly You get more kilometres for your money

Phrasal verbs 9 Nouns from phrasal verbs

1 There are many nouns formed from phrasal verbs Sometimes the verb comes first sometimes second

lIMIce-up downfall upbrinng drwback outbre teaway

2 Sometimes the noun is related to the phrasal verb and sometimes it isnt

I dont use much mM-Up

She mMle up her face very carefully =related

The main drawbade to your plan is that ifs too expensive (drawback =disadvantage)

Orabde the curtains and let the sunshine in (drawback =open)

Complete these sentences with the nouns in the box

outcome breakthrough outbreak comeback takeaway check-up breakdown feedback outlook downfall

The of communication between management and workers means the strike will continue

2 His musical career has suffered recently but now with a new album and a world tour hes trying to makea _____

3 I go to the dentist twice a year for a _____

4 The of the meeting is that the students will have an extra days holiday

S The weather should be fine over the next few days and the for the weekend is warm and sunny

6 There has been an of food poisoning as a result of people eating poorly-cooked chicken

7 There has been a significant in the search to find a cure for the common cold

S Producers ask customers to complete questionnaires because they need to improve their products

9 Were having a Chinese for supper

10 He used to he a highly successful film star but working too hard was his _____

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 75

Listening Pronunciation 11 Ways of pronouncing ea 1 There are several different ways of pronouncing

the letters ea Look at the examples in the columns below

10 What a painl

lei li1 11)1 1-

bread mut fur

I~I lell 131 II 1shy

wur break lurn

1 IIID Listen and answer the questions

1 Whafs Mark trying to do 2 What two things is he having trouble with 3 What does Greg think is the problem 4 Why does Mark get upset 5 Who finds the solution and how

2 IIID Listen again and match these expressions with if

1 I havent made much progress

2 If youve got aminute

3 If the worst comes to the worst

4 Here are your missing parts

a theyll just have to give you your money back

b if any at all

c thatd be great

d if Im not mistaken

2 IIID Put these words into the correct column 3 Who says these things Mark or Greg Write M or G according to the pronunciation of ea

1 0 Ifs turning into a nightmare already 2 0 What a pain 3 DOh this flatpack stuff is a real pain 4 0 I dont believe it S 0 This has gone beyond a joke 6 0 Ifs just that Im fed up with the whole thing already 7 0 This sort of thing drives me mad too 8 0 I could kick myself

Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers

dear tear(n) tear (v) scream steak breath breathe breadth hear thread bear cheat clear deaf death earth beast beard pearl pear heal health great gear jealous lead (v) lead (n) leap leapt meant reason search swear theatre weary weapon

Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Articles Determiners

Its never too late

2 II1II Complete the newspaper article with a an the her or nothingArticles ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p152

a the or zero article Complete the sentences with a the or nothing (the zero article)

Excuse me Is there __ bank near

here

2 A I havent got any money

B Im going to --bank Ill get

you some

3 Has __ postman been this

morning

4 My brother works as __ postman

5 Weve seen a house we want to move

to Its got __ views over fields (1) __ girl aged seven went into The of Ellesmere College He is (14) __

and theres __ lovely garden at Guinness Book ofRecords yesterday when nice teacher - he tells (15) __

__ back she became (2) __ youngest pupil jokesl

6 A Wheres Nick ever to pass (3) __ national exam Dr Nolan commented You must B In __ garden Abha Subramanians Cgrade in have (16) __faith in children They

(4) __ computer studies was can make (17) __paper planes one7 I bought __ burglar alarm to also (5) __ latest achievement minute and write (18) __ computerprotect myself against __ for (6) __ college in Manchester program (19) __ next (20) __

burglars Abha eamed her place in (7) __ pupils at my school arent prodigies shy

8 Tony joined __ the Mounted record books by studying for several they are just interested and motivated Police Unit because he likes working evenings (8) __week at (9) __ They are (21) __example ofwhat with __ horses nearby Ellesmere College (22) __ rest of (23) __country

I think (10) __9 We went out for __ meal last computers are could be doing

easy but I thought (11) __exam As far as Im concerned studentsnight __ food was excellent I was quite hard Abha said She praised who go to university are the OAPsshydont usually like __ Chinese (12) __teacher James Nolan of (24) __academic world having

food but __ duck was superb (13) __founder and principal passed their mental peak

bull OAP = an Old Age Pensioner (or more properly a Senior Citizen) is a person who has reached retirement age

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 77

Determiners Demonstratives Grammar Reference Students Book p152 3 this that these those

2 all and every 1 Choose the correct answer

Anna is such a show-off she thinks she knows all everything

2 My driving test was a complete disaster All Everything went wrong

3 Kate didnt say where she was going All Everything she said was that she was going out

4 All Every child in the class failed the exam

5 All Everything I want for my birthday is to lie in bed until midday

6 Im starving All Everything Ive eaten today is a packet of crisps

7 I really dont get on with my new boss I disagree with all everything she says

8 I cant go higher than pound500 for the car Thats everything all I can afford

9 Megan couldnt believe her luck All Every topic she had revised the night before came up in the exam

10 The film was so boring that all everybody fell asleep

2 Choose the correct answer

I have three children All Every of them love going for a walk but neither none of them likes being bathed

2 You can borrow either each the Renault or the Rover Theyre all both in the garage

3 My two daughters are each both good at languages but none neither of them can do maths at all

4 I have a shower every each day

5 I have any no idea how I spend all my money At the end of every either month its all gone

6 I know every each word of his songs by heart

7 There are fifteen rooms in this hoteL Each Every room is a little different

8 You can have either each an orange or an apple but you cant have either both

9 A Tea or coffee B Either Neither thanks Ive got to rush

lOA Still or sparkling water B Either Neither whichever is open

11 I know either both Robert and his brother but I dont like both either of them

12 I have four brothers Every Each of us is different

Put this that these or those into each gap

1 shoes are killing me I cant wait to take them off

2 (On the phone) Hello ___ is Beth Can I speak to Kate

3 was a wonderful film wasnt it

4 I knew Jenny at university In days she had long blonde hair

5 A Anything else

B No s all for today thanks

6 Well 11 be pound550 please

7 I cant get ring off my finger Its stuck

8 You just cant get proper bread days

9 Come here and tidy up mess right now

10 Listen to It says in the paper that lifes been found on Mars

11 Did you ever hear from ___ girl you met on holiday last year

12 I was in a department store yesterday when ___ bloke came up to me and hit me

13 A I got a parking fine today

B 11 teach you a lesson

14 Who were ___ people you were talking to last night

15 What was ___ noise Didnt you hear it

GEome BaIEVES -rf4euro WOI2lD WOULD 8pound A ~ PLAcE IF E~ WAS ( AN UNDER-AC~tEveR

78 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

Revision of articles determiners and demonstratives 4 Personal column

IDIJ Complete the article with the words in the boxes

I everyone her allef the the a agreat deal of

ELSIE MORECAMBE looks up at (1) all offtte large grey

clouds coming quickly over (2) horizon Ill go just

(3) last time she says jumping onto (4) ___

windsurfing board and speeding off over rough waves Back o~ dry land (5) group of elderly people

watches (6) ___ move of hers with (7) --__

admiration

I enough an the her a lot of agreat deal

Four years ago at 70 looking (8) ___ younger than

her years Elsie formed (9) organization called

Age Well It isnt (10) to tell people - you have to show them she says dragging (11) board

ashore to (12) back-slapping and praise from (13) group

I aU her everything no those their

This is all part of (14) ___ campaign to show that

people of (IS) ages can achieve (16) ___

they want to do if they really want to do it It struck

me that (I 7) friends of mine who had

(I8) job to go to any more and who kept

complaining about (19) boring and meaningless

lives didnt have to live like that she commented

I the (x 2) her (x 2) this most a several

Elsie has been windsurfing (20) __---- summer months

for theJast six years ever since (21) son told her

that she was far too old to attempt it Then she went on

(22) solo six-month world trip to Mexico

Thailand and New Zealand

Over the last four years she has organized and led

(23) groups on trips to Ireland and Greece

So far (24) ___ year she has been walking in

(25) Pyrenees touring on (26) _------

bicycle and canoeing (27) ___

are Elsie says

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 79

Nouns in groups

1 There are three main ways that we can put nouns together

noun + noun noun +s + noun post office my wifes sister headache the docto s surgery face-lift the eats bowl

noun + preposition + noun the end ofthe garden astory about compassion the arrival ofthe police

2 Sometimes more than one structure can be used

the Queens arrival the arrival ofthe Queen

the floor ofthe living room the living room floor

the car door handle the handle on the car door

But usually only one pattern is possible the back ofthe car NOT the far batc the tats bafk

3 Sometimes there is a change in meaning the eats food =the food that belongs to one particular cat The rabbit has eaten the uts food cat food =food for cats in general Can you buysome more atfood when you go out

4 We use the noun + noun pattern (compound nouns) for everyday established combinations We talk about an action film ahorror film but not a h85e ~ffl Here we usually prefer the pattern with a preposition - a film abouthorses

THE HORSES BREAKFAST

Unit 12 bull Its never too late

5 Combining nouns Combine the words in brackets using one of the three patterns Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Your coats on the (back chair)

2 Youve just spilt the (milk cat)

3 Can you buy some (paper toilet) Weve run out

4 I never listened to my (advice parents)

5 Can you buy a (cola bottle) to take to the picnic

6 What did that (road sign) say Did you see it

7 Its such a mess in here There are empty (water bottles) everywhere

8 The (King duties) include entertaining heads of state

9 The (my shoe heel) has

come off

10 Can I borrow your (brush hair)

11 What happened at the (film end)

12 Here is (today news)

13 Where is the nearest (Underground station)

14 Its my (anniversary parents wedding) next week

15 The (company success) is due to

its efficiency

16 Ive got a (fortnight holiday) next

month

17 The (company business plan) is

confusing

18 The annual (rate inflation) is

about 400

19 Are there any (coffee cups) in your bedroom There are none in the kitchen

20 Doyouwanta ________(coffeecup)

Vocabulary

6 Hot Verbs be and have 1 Match the words and expressions with be

or have Tick the correct column

be ~

-

fed up with sbsth

have

aright to do sth

the nerve to do sth

on the safe side

in touch with sb

aword with sb

no point in doing sth

on ones mind

upto date

no chance of doing sth

2 Complete the sentences with one of the expressions in the correct form

My job is so boring Im rully fampd up with it

2 If you dont like your meal you complain to the manager

3 Thank you for your interview Miss Clarke We you as soon as weve made a decision about the job

4 I cant stop thinking about my poor sick cousin She always

5 Mrs Bennett Can I you fora minute Its about your son Ben

6 Jack was so cheeky He tell me that this dress didnt suit me

7 rve got extra holiday insurance just in case I always like

8 Well Ill apply for the managers job but I know I getting it

9 Wait here If you dont like heights theres climbing up the tower with us

10 I got an email from myoid friend Suzanne the other day I her for twenty years now

Prepositions revision 7 Noun + preposition

Comp1ete the sentences with a preposition or a combination of prepositions

1 After running up the stairs I was breath

2 You make some silly mistakes but general your work has been good

3 I went on holiday my own because sometimes I like to be myself

4 I got a cheque pound500 in the post

5 There has been a rise the number of violent cnmes

6 The difference you and me is that I dont mind hard work

7 I can think of no reason her strange behaviour

S It took a long time to find a solution the problem

9 I need some information global warming

10 Im having trouble my car It wont start in the mornings

11 In the accident there was quite a bit of damage _____ my car

12 Investigators are trying to find the cause the accident

13 Ive got to do my homework tomorrow

14 I dont see James any more I havent been touch with him for years

15 Did you get an invitation _____Davids wedding

Mr amp Mrs John Evans

RelJuest the honour ofyour presence

at the marriage of their daughter Rhian Eleri

to David Alastair Austin

son ofMr amp Mrs James Austin

at 230 pm on 13thJuly 2006 at

The George Hotel Newton

Swansea

- RS vP shy

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 81

Listening 8 The holiday of a lifetime

Pronunciation 9 Nouns and verbs

In the chart the nouns end in an unvoiced sound (lsi IfI 19) and the verbs end in a voiced sound (lzI lvi lo)

mil Complete the chart with the words and the phonetics The vowel sound or the spelling changes

Noun Verb IL -

advice I~dvalzi

to use abuse

IbIlifl Inlivl

grief hkskjus

breath to halve

Ihausl safe

Ibelol

OIIJ Listen to Neil and Emma Browns conversation and mark the questions true (T) or false (F)

1 D Neil wants an adventure holiday 2 D Emma wants an adventure holiday 3 D They look in some brochures for some ideas 4 D Emma wants to go to the Maldives to have sailing

lessons S D Neil thinks itll be expensive

6 D They decide that it might suit them both

2 OIIJ Listen again and complete these lines with the correct linking and commenting expression

windsurfing is very exciting

2 I prefer something a bit mal e relaxillg

3 we dont get much holiday a year

4 we can find something that suits us both

S you werent paying attention to a thing I was saying

6 therell be sailing lessons too

7 you can bet your life that itll cost a fortune

8 its not too bad if you go off-season

3 Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers Find more linking and commenting expressions

82 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

10 Emphasis in speaking IIIIJ Mark where the main stress is in Bs replies Listen check and repeat

1 A B

Why didnt you do your homework last night I did do it

2 A B

Who made this mark on the carpet I did it Sorry

3 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew Johann was coming

4 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew that ages ago

S A B

Who told Gran that I crashed her car I didnt tell her

6 A B

I wish you hadnt told Gran I crashed her car I didnt tell her

7 A B

I lost all my money on a bad investment I told you

8 A B

You dont like Mike and Annie do you I like Annie

9 A B

Why dont you like Annie I do like Annie I think shes great

10 A B

I feel so sorry for Annie Nobody like5 her

I like her

Unit 1

Hi Mike I was just passing and I thought Id drop in Hope thats OK

M fine Nice to see you Havent seen you a while Jerry Come on in

Thanks Youre looking well

M Thanks Im back from about What have

you been up to

much Just working hard

Thats a drag How come youre so

Ive got a new boss and hes a bit scary Thinks hes such a big shot ruH

Im a bit worried for my job

M I dont get it Youve always been so good at your job

Well thats as maybe but he like me for some reason Dont

M What are you going to do

J I not I dont feel up to writing and going to interviews

M You need a holiday

J Youre kidding Cant afford it Sara and I are up for a new car

M Thats silly are lInrtt

J I know but Saras reatly fed up with our old car But Itd help me to sort out a OK Ill talk over with Sara and see if I cant her

M Good for you

J Mike Youre a good mate

Unit 2

A Hey Susan What a surprise

S Hi Alex Hi Marie

A Why the long face

S Well Im just back from a carnpilng with Tiffany

A Ah I take it that didnt go very well then

S It was a complete in fact I should have realized that she wasnt the camping type when she turned up with like two suitcases and a and stuff like that

A

M I mean how

S Yes and you should have seen her face when she saw the tent Dont know what she expected Some sort of hotel room probably in the middle of the field

A Oh dear

M What a shame

S Yeah well she thought so too MIIVY

it went from bad to worse because at night the bad weather set in and the wind was blowing the tent quite hard and she sort of started crying a bit that she was scared And I was trying to like reassure and say it wasnt so bad when all of a sudden the wind really started the tent over

M Howawful

A Oh no

S TI~~~ a~I~ need a new tent Anyway I dropped the torch and it all went dark and she kind of freaked out and started running across the field with her bag over her head I mean how was I to know that she was scared of the dark

M Oh what a Poor you

A So what happened next Im enjoying this

S Thanks Well I ran after her and feU over into some sort stuff

M Yuck

S and I started to smell bad shed got to the car and refused

to move So I had to and all the stuff in the wind the and take it back to the car and then get in and drive for two hours back home And the car smelt really awful and we were

and wet and not talking to each other

M I cant believe it What a ridiculous thing to

S Yes well thats what I thought cause when we back I Phew What a and then I to like and I couldnt stop

A Uh So what did she say to that

S She was furious She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag round her and grass and leaves in her hair and everything Dont know what the taxi driver must have UIUUllIH

she phoned me earlier this -1gt Im there in a minute

A Wow What do you think shes going to

S Cant Ive got some apologizing to do for a start

A What rubbish None of it was your fault

M Alex Let her sort it out herself Good luck Susan

A Yes and let us know how it all ends Best story Ive heard in

Unit 6

A Good IBM Guilford How can I you

8 Could you put me through to John Barker

A Certainly The lines busy Will you hold

B Yes thats fine

A Putting you through now

B Thank you

e Hello John Barker

S John Its Ellen Miles from Danson Associates

e Ellen How are

B Well I have a with an order I with you

e How can I help

S You know the nnAlPrnnlntc we discussed a

confirmed the order yourself in writing a ago

e Oh yes

B Well the order hasnt turned up and did say that take a maximum

e Well It usually does Let me look up warehouse schedules Bear with me a moment

B Of course

(tap tap tap)

e Do you have the order code to hand

8 Are you Its FED 2045780498 MX

e Sorry didnt get the last bit What was it

B 80498 MX e Thanks In read that back to you

FED 2045780498 MX B Thats

e And can you confirm the date on the order slip for me please

B 22nd

Tapescript

8

8

( 9 was sent out on

arrived C rn need to look into it further

back to you Are you in the office afternoon

B Well I would be but come up Im till 1200

C Then ru back to before 1200 Dont worry Ill sort out

Ill expect your calL

7

A B A What do you mean You dont look very

B Im a bit thats all A What about Its not Charlene is it B She made one or two hurtful

lCUliUI~ this v

A One or two Shes you these I dont know how you can stand

B

A stressed Thafs no excuse for rude to her best I dont think I think her behaviour is out of order

B I must say A wkhk

You tell her that be nicer to you you wont be friends with her any more

B I so But we are

A

A

8

A Good Now put a smile on your face and lets go and eat

B All all and to the

A thats true You could look a bit better than you do

IS I must A Thats more like it You sound loads

better Come on Lets go

N What are you F Shh Its the last ever

favourite sitcom N Its is it f Talk to you later

N Finished now F Yes it was All the friends

back N I dont know how you can watch aU that

sitcom rubbish F It isnt rubbish Its well

and very N WelJ written How can it be well written

when its written committee There are at least 27 writers on these sitcoms

f The is that the funniest lines think its too Admit

You used to come in the room when it was on and start laughing

N OK It is sometimes But as far as aU these sitcoms

F

N

f

N

F

do you waste

out more a too

sonlettline we both

N or wed take turns to choose OK lets do that Well start this weekend

f Fine Now let me tell what hal)pened in the final ~)VlJil

N all then Go on

came to see how you were on with up your home office Hows it

M Come in come in all on it but I havent much progress at alL

rve

G Howcome M my new to

and I even set

G Calm Mark If the worst comes to the worst have to you your money

M

the computer

Its that Im fed up with the whole And Ive still to try

G I know I know This sort drives me too whats at the bottom of the box Here are your

if Im not mistaken M what an idiot I could kick

Youve saved the

N

E N

up my new computer table Its into a mghtlnalre

G Whata M

G

no

also learn to sail

E It doesnt sound much fun to me PerSOIlallv I a bit more uaillAIUK BasilcalJlv I think we work hard

all year so that we deserve to do somewhere nice for a of weeks

N But Im fed and aU that

get much a year E Well Im with

your new Jease of life Im still not sure what you have in mind or if I want to do it too

N Lets have a look on the Internet and see what sort there is HODeltullV we can find that suits us

E Oh OK then But Im not DrOmlSllne

E Oh look Now thats what I call a N The Maldives Small beach islands in

the middle of the Indian Ocean Not Hfe UbiVioiuslv

N

E

Penomill1y Ive It

of a lifetime N But you dont want an action E 1 dont have to have one I can lie on the

beach and watch Thats my idea

N I must out more about it off to the travel better to the first Come on

no time to lose E Wow then Im N And I bet I can the

end of the E I told you Im not promi~inJit amrthlnS

had been washin will have been

teaching

UNli I

1 1 2 is 3 ve been walking 4 was taken 5 II take 6 had taken 7 have had

10 are IIs been made 12 will have made 13 are washed 14 had been washed IS hed been 16 sells 17 will be sold 19 will have been 20 were being taught

3 1 are 2 are

Ive wanted 6 s 7 miss Ive missed Ive been 8 II be I re to be

Ive sent

II ve 12 wont stay 13 II be able 14 ve visited IS went 16 was 17 18 sat 19 m forward 20 Ube

lt4 1 lOur house was built in the 17th century 2 flats at the moment 3 Has the coffee machine been fixed 4 While the new kitchen was

we ate in restaurants 5 We arrived at work to find out that om

office had been 6 She wont be in those dark

up

5 1 1 has found 2 has invented 3 are called 4 be lifted 5 I has been desIRn~~d 6 have been built 7 was shown 8 wasnt 9 doesnt have needed I dont cost 12 will 14 will take 15

16 have been made 17 will be 18 will reach

1

6 3 has (A) 4 did (F) 5 have (F) 6 have (A) 7 didnt (A) 8 done (F) 9 does 10 was (A) 11 is (A) 12 (F)

1 1 A have got Bm B ve got to

2 A have B havent A ve had ve got B to have

3 A ve got to I have to B havent got I dont have A had Have Bvegot

4 A ve had havent had B got

8 1 blood 2 book 3 water 4 5 6 case 7 8 rain 9 sun road 11 air 12 13 hand 14 ice 15 card 16land 17 sports 18 book

91 la 2b 3a 4a Sb 6a

2 1 home to me 2 got on like a house on fire 3 make at home 4 the house down 5 as as houses 6 hit home

10 lout 2 away 3 down 4 off 5 down in 6 off on 7 out 8 back 9 in 10 away

2 I fell out (L) fell out (I)

2 put (I) Put

3 out (L) sort out (1)

4 stand up (L) stand (I)

5 Holdon hold on (L)

6 take take

7

2 Active Continuous Present sells Past walked Future will take Present Perfect have had Past Perfect had taken Future Perfect will have made

Passive Present is made Past was taken future will be sold Present Perfect has been made Past Perfect had been washed Future Perfect will have been sold

bull married

6 When I was a little I al1fav~ m1I111

my 7

two years him a new shirt

has been caUed said that had

hard and deserved to pass all her exams

my friend called

2

11 1 1 friend 2 English 3 clean 4 month 5 took 6 group 7 slam 8 box 9 thought 10 work 11 chart 12 winter

leI III li1 1 I~tter bsy tree mQther w~ther wQmen heat fun br~kfast bilding machine wQrry

101 lu lrel 101 good cool camp sock wQman suit f~mily odd could shoe ~ccent want

1)1 131 10 1 I~I

floor ~rly f~ther machine walk work g~rden fath~

d~lghter search ban~na banan~

12 1 1~ 2 3 ~ 41 5 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ~

2 I drop in 2 Thats a drag 3 a big shot 4 I dont get it S not feel up to something 6 Cheers

3 (l) Hope thats OK (Thats) Absolutely fine (Its) Nice to see you (I) Havent seen you for a while Jerry (Ive) Just (been) working hard (He) Thinks hes such a big shot (I) Dont know why (Are you going to) Change jobs (I) Cant afford it

UNIT 2

1 1 1 Ive written to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday Ive been writing my essay all morning

2 Ive lost my car keys Ive been losing weight recently

3 Theyve missed the train Theyve been missing you lots so come home soon

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work late all this week Paulas left work early today to meet her uncle

6 The eats been going to our neighbours to have its dinner The eats gone upstairs

7 Hes had a heart attack Hes been having second thoughts about accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy a new television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming which is why my hair is wet Ive swum twenty lengths today

10 Ive been finding it difficult to concentrate recently Ive found my cheque book at last

22s been snowing 3 have travelled 4 have lived have been trying

havent managed 5 have been arguing 6 ve eaten 7 have been running 8 has been crying has failed 9 ve been sunbathing

2 Possible answers I In Fukushima Japan 2 Which school did she go to 3 How long has she been climbing

Since she was 10 (years old) 4 What did she study at university

English and American literature 5 How long has she been married

For 38 years 6 What did she do when she was 30

She started the first womens climbing club in Japan

7 When did she climb Mount Everest When she was 36

8 Who gave awarded her a medal The King of Nepal

9 How many mountains has she climbed II3

10 Has she had an exciting life Yes she has

) 1 I is standing 2 is actually watching 3 is climbing 4 has been climbing 5 has nearly reached 6 has already climbed 7 started climbing 8 broke 9 became 10 has been named 11 trains 12 has been preparing 13 will climb 14 havent seen

22s (been) taking 3 arrived 4 didnt enjoy 5 re staying 6 re going 7s chosen 8 s called 9 will be 10 ve done 11 will make 12 wont be 13m looking 14 sounds IS ve been training 16 ve prepared 17 get 181l become

4 1 I The new sofa has already been delivered

2 Have the street lights been repaired yet 3 Some new anti-smoking laws have just

been passed 4 No new homes have been built for

twenty years 5 The plants havent been watered

2 2 A yachtsman has been rescued dramatically in the Pacific Ocean

3 Valuable jewels have been stolen from Sothebys

4 A missing boy has been found alive 5 Police have been given a huge pay rise 6 Two hundred and sixty people have

been killed in the monsoon in India 7 An ancient tomb has been discovered

in Egypt 8 Two thousand people have been made

redundant in a shock announcement by Ferrari

5 1 2 have her ears pierced 3 have my eyes tested 4 have had their car serviced 5 had our television repaired yet

1 Recently Hes had the invitations printed Theyve had the cake decorated Yesterday He had his wedding suit delivered He had his hair cut Today Shes having her hair done Theyre having the flowers delivered Next week Theyll have had the photos developed Shell have had her wedding dress dry-cleaned

6 1 I do 2 make 3 doing 4 do 5 make 6 do 7 do 8 done 9 made 10 made 1 Made 12 does 13 do

1 I made the big time 2 have done without you 3 made off with it 4 make up for 5 could do with 6 make of her 7 make in time

~71 ~

ltIIcltII C Q~ I ~ Ii ~ampJ 0v

get intut of

II I Iget onoff I

Itake off

land

ride I

I Idrive

I Icatch

Imiss Iboard I I I

park I

2 car seat belt traffic lights service station tyres one-way street traffic jam Customs tunnel horn

bus traffic lights season ticket tyres one-way street traffic jam timetable horn

bike crash helmet traffic lights tyres one-way street cycle lane

train platform carriage ticket collector season ticket trolley track timetable Customs tunnel porter

plane runway life jacket tyres cargo check-in desk timetable hand luggage Customs aisle seat charter flight

shipferry harbour life jacket trolley cargo port timetable Customs deck porter cabin

8 I at 2 out of 3 across into 4 to 5 through 6 towards 7 off 8 onto 9 over 10 into II past through 12 to 13 into 14 against 15 in 16 out of 17 along 18 past 19 across 20 over 21 up 22 onto

Answer key 87

9 1 1 explorer exploration 2 Japan Japanese 3 contribute contribution 4 industry industrial 5 economy economics 6 politics politician

23

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull Japan contribute industry abroad develop politics unique destruction backpacker destroy pollution calculate unspeilt illegal paradise

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull Japanese Vietnam

contribution economics politician information European destination diarrhoea

industrial economy discovery kilometre environment inhabitant

10 1 1~ 21 3 ~ 4 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 8 ~

2 lA 2A 3M 4M 5M 6M 7M 8M 9S lOA

3 1 like and stuff like that 2 sort of like 3 kind of 4 sort of 5 like 6 and everything

UNIT 3

1 1 2 1 fell ~ 2 had fallen ~ 3 had torn ~ 4 tore ~ 5 cost 6 had cost I 7 had never flown ~ 8 flew ~ 9 had caughtl 10 caught 11 were~ 12 had been~

2 1 was living met 2 played were winning lost 3 wasnt thinking had 4 was coughing didnt get 5 was sunbathing heard appeared landed 6 was snowing got up were making

put raced 7 was playing hit made

J 2 was standing 3 heard 4 went back in 5 was 6 said 7 has been 8 managed 9 had been surfing 10 had been knocked 11 had hit 12 swam 13 pulled 14 had just finished 15 shouted 16 called 17 had to 18 was trying 19 were getting 20 reached 21 had taken 22 felt 23 was recovering 24 wasnt 25 had moved 26 have been

4 1 2 a 3 d 4 c 5 b 6 i 7 f 8 g 9 j 10 h 11 m 12 n 130 141 15 k

2 1 Two years ago while I was working in Paris my grandfather died

2 As soon as I had fed the cat I did my homework

3 First I had a shower and then I got dressed

4 Since I was a child I had always wanted to visit Australia and I finally went last year

S As he posted the letter he realized that he hadnt put a stamp on it

6 By the time hed finshed speaking most of the audience had fallen asleep

7 Once Id told him the truth I felt better 8 Until I found a flat I had stayed I been

staying with family for months

5 2 A Roman temple was discovered underneath the new housing estate

3 The races were held indoors because it was raining

4 The leisure centre had been booked for a childrens party on Saturday

5 The dishwasher was being repaired so I couldnt leave the house

6 Our hotel room still hadnt been cleaned when we returned

7 The fish hadnt been cooked for long enough

8 New traffic lights were being put up at the crossroads

6 I was shown 2 liked 3 is regarded 4 felt 5 had been made 6 tells 7 has been rescued 8 s married 9 is (being) introduced

10 doesnt make 11 is voiced 12 was I is based 13 was not written 14 ends 15 are 16 will be loved I are loved

7 Poetry Prose DruM

nursery rhyme plot plot critic chapter critic review critic director character best-seller backstage verse review script

character review novelist character blockbuster leading role fairytale verse setting setting whodunnit rehearsal science fiction perfonnance hardback playwright thriller act autobiography full house paperback

8 1 2 end a relationship 3 wait a minute 4 talk louder 5 begin a journey 6 not go out stay at home 7 have a calmer more stable life 8 arrive 9 be happier

10 be quiet

2 1 turns up 2 set off 3 Cheer up 4 stay in 5 settled down 6 broke up 7 find out 8 Shut up 9 Hold on 10 Speak up

9 1 I pay lpelf 2 write Iralt 3 phone If)on 4 round Iraondl 5 dear Idl) 6 boy Iblll 7 tour Ito)1 8 fair Iregt

2 4 lu1 3 1)01

5 Il1 6 131

8 131 7 11)1

10 131 9 Il1

11 laol 12 1)01

13 lu1 14 101

17 luzi 15 I)ozi

16 I)osl 19 luzi

18 lusI 22 10m

21 lum 20)0m

23 loV 24 1)0V

26 lAm 25 I)oml

27 lell 28 lell

29 leI 30 leI

33 101 32 lu1

31 IAI 35 lodl

34 I)oldl 38 I~I

36 IAI 37 101

88 Answer key

3

I dont 2 didnt 3 havent 4 arent 5 isnt 6 wont 7 m not 8 doesnt 9 hadnt 10 hasnt

1 5 not 6 nt 7 not 8 not 9 no 10 Not II none 12 no 13 nt 14 not 15 Not 16 17 No 18 no 19 None 20

] 2 I told not to go to work Why arent in was an unsuccessful businessman

who didnt achieve much in his life 4 Our house is easyisnt difficult to find

No one ever lost 5 We had a time in Muscat There

there 6 You mustnt rest your ankle

Try not to move it at all Try to move it as little as

7 I ~ tI~ middot

the exam

4 2 I dont suppose youve got change for a 20-pound note

3 This machine doesnt seem to be working 4 I didnt think it was going to rain S dont want their daughter to move

to 6 I didnt expect to see you here 7 I dont suppose seen Robert

Id like snails 9 I dont expect you remember me

10 I dont believe she all her exams

5 2 Who made the film Catch Me If You Cart 3 How old was Frank when he ran away

to New York 4 Why did he run to New York 5 What did he look 6 What was Franks first con trick 7 How much had he collected when the

bank found out 8 How Frank a Pan Am 9 Who tell his secret to I called

the police 10 What did he become nextafter he was

a pilot II What did frank teach at university 12 When was he eventually arrested 13 How did he spend in 14 What has been doing

6 1 I Im not sure where he learned how to forge bank U~UJ11I3

2 I dont know how had the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

3 Id like to know which countries he visited as a pilot

4 Ive no idea his friend called the

5 a clue how he managed to pass the bar exam

6 [cant who gave him a as a doctor

7 I wonder why the police took so to catch him

8 Do know what he thought of

2 I I wish I knew why he told his secret to his friend

2 any idea how many attempts to the bar exam

3 do you he went to France 4 Can tell me how long he spent

in 5 Do you know what he is doing nowl

what has happened to him since then

1 1 2 by 3 to 4 at 5 on 6 in 7 about 8 of 9 from 10 with

2 2 What for 3 Where to 4 What about 5 How long for 6 Who for 7 Who to 8 What with

8 1 b 2 a 3 c 4 d 5 e 6 f 7 h8 g 9i lOj III 12k

Sample answers 1 was it like 2 Who did talk to 3 How is 4 Howcome 5 cant you 6 is it 7 Whos he 8 What does he look like 9 Didnt heDid he

]0 come 11 12 Whats going to do

10 12

unreal fake incredible implausible

Verbs disappear misunderstand mistrustdistrust suspect uncover

11 1

unbelievable ridkulous

bizarre amateur trivial

deceit fantasy incredulity

vanish confuse

reveal

a VIUUII~~ a secret sb lose your way your temper

2 I keep in touch 2 lost 3 keep a secret 4 keep lost 5 calm 6 keep fit

12 2 for 3 at 4 offrom 5 from 6 in 7 to 8 in 9 in 10 tolwith 11 to about 12 at 13 in with 14 for 15 in

U 1 2 wasnt it (fall) 3 could (rise) 4 isnt he (fail) 5 isnt it 6 arent I (fall) 7 have you (rise) 8 werent we (fall) 9 would you (rise)

2 2 That was a really tasteless meal wasnt it (fall)

3 Youve borrowed my new coat havent you (fall)

4 You couldntwouldnt water my plants couldwould you (rise)

5 Vanessa youre going on a business trip to Rome arent you (rise)

1 Youre going to work harder from now on arent you

2 Ill see you next week wont I 3 Kates leaving soon isnt she 4 Youll ring when get there wont 5 Our takes 4 pm doesnt 6 The will have finished next

married next week are

8 We wont need tickets to get in will we 9 Well be millionaires one day wont we

10 Dave wont be will he

1 1 m to II 2 are to II 3 m going to II Il 4 will Il 5 m going to II 6 II going to II 7 m going to n 8 II II

her a present to hard for my exams

seein~~om~ to see the dentist next

5 I think Manchester United will win on Saturclay

6 Im the

7 8 9 time next week Ill be lying on

a beach in Egypt 10 I think itll be hot there

4 3 Ill be 4 Ill have 5 Ill be 6 rUbe 7 Ill be 8 Ill have 9 Ill have an Amleman

10 Ill have had two children

to celebrate buying

3 m not leave 4 wont S II be

for

Answer 89

9 m going to change 10 m going to do 11 11 have made up 12 Are you planning 13 II work 14 II be concentrating 15 II be able to

6 2 A What are you doing B 3 A B What shaUl do 4 A is getting married B 5 A B Youll have to wake me up 6 A B Youll be getting 7 A B Itll only take 8 A B Were going to stay at home 9 A as soon as I arrive B

7 1 eat wont get 2 wont move ve found 3 11 like meet 4 Will you Are you going to learn are 5 wont go havehave had 6 11 be finishlve finished 7 dont do will you have to 8 are will deal 9 will feel ve had

10 ve tried ll never use

8 I Put 2 taking 3 Put 4 take 5 putting 6 take 7 putting 8 taken 9 take 10 take II takes 12 take 13 take 14 put IS put

9 I a re waiting for b is expected c looking forward to

2 a spend Ive been spendingspent b pass c wasted

3 a Have seen b watchedwere watching c Lookat

4 a Actually b at the moment c really

5 a owe b borrowed c lend

6 a embarrassed b nervous c angry

10 3 I couldnt take them all in 4 Ill sort it out tomorrow 5 Put it in your diary 6 Please put them away 7 youd better look after him 8 Ill look into it right away 9 Take it back

10 youve put me off her

n 1 1wQnt ol 2 walk IJI 3 wQnder IAI 4 wQman 01 5 warm J 6 wQrd 13 7 w~r e1 8 w~ht leIl 9 wint 101 10 wQrk 131 11 winder 10 12 wQmen II 13 wQrm 3 14 wilrd IJI 15 w~ry II 16 wcird II

90 Answer key

2 I phone o 2 blood AI 3 love AI 4 through u 5 weak li 6 lower o 7 north J 8 height aii 9 pear e to hear II

UNIT 6

lluggage 2 food 3 cash 4 unemployment 5 music 6 violence 7 traffic 8 opportunity 9 ingredient 10 fluid

2 1any 2 some any 3 Some any 4 some any 5 any any 6 some some

) 2 Is there much work to be done in the garden

3 I didnt spend much time on the homework

4 Did they do much research before they found a cure

5 They couldt give me much information about the delay in our flight

6 I didnt have too many problems with this exercise

7 Ive got too much luggage I cant carry it all

8 There is too much traffic on the streets I of our town

4 1 Sample answers 1 There are lots of cheese sandwiches 2 There are a few tuna sandwiches 3 Theres a huge amount of spaghetti 4 Theres only a little rice and

vegetable curry 5 There are several burgers 6 There are no chips 7 There isnt much fruit salad 8 There are a couple of bananas 9 There arent many doughnuts

10 Theres hardly any apple juice

23s lots a huge amount 4 a few 5 s only a little 6 arent any are none (left) 7 a little 8 are a few 9 s only a little (left) 10 ve got a couple 11 a little 12 lots

5 2a few 3 have less respect than 4 few 5 a little 6 Fewer 7 Few 8 a few 9 is little to a few

6 1 I somewhere 2 anyoneanybody 3 anywhere 4 anything 5 everything 6 nothing 7 NobodyNo one 8 nowhere 9 someonesomebody 10 something anything 11 anyone anybody 12 EveryoneEverybody

2 1 b 2a 3c 4d sf 6e 7h 8 g 9i 10j 111 12k 13m 14 n ISo 16p

7 1 I much 2 nobody 3 A couple 4 little 5 few 6 multi 7 all 8 any 9 hardly any 10 enough II a bit 12 part 13 more 14 piece 15 None 16 any 17 more than 18 no 19 something 20 several 21 over 22 a lot 23 aU 24 a great deal of 25 some

2 2 600 shillings is very littlenot very m money

3 Odonga has a lot of friends 4 None of the young people in his village

have jobs 5 It took him several hours to write

the letter 6 There were no jobs available at the

company 7 Conrad Millbank heard about his story 8 Until now Odonga hasnt had much

good fortune in his life

8 1 a piece of cakepaperbread a jar of honey a slice of breadcake a tube of toothpaste a piece of cakepaperbread a loaf of bread a bar of soapchocolate a box of chocolates a tin of soup a can of lemonadesoupcola a bottle of lemonadecola a sheet of paper

2 1 a pieceslice of cake 2 a tincan of soup 3 sheets of paper 4 a box of chocolates 5 bar of chocolate 6 slice of bread 7 many cansbottles of lemonade 8 bar of soap 9 a jar of special honey

9 1 A on foot under arrest overunder pound500 abovelbelowoverunder 75 abovebelow freezing overunder 18 years old under new management on holiday under pressure on business

B duringin the night byon New Years Day byduringin the winter byon Friday afternoon atby the weekend inion time in a fortnights time duringin the rush hour in his forties

2 1 in 2 under 3 Over 4 over 5Over 6 above 7 on 8 at 9 over 10 During lIon 12 under 13 under 14in 15in

10 1 Ellen Miles is calling John Barker about an order she made which hasnt arrived

21 21 31 41 51 6

3 I R 2) 3J 4E 5) 6) 7E 8E

4 I How can I help you 2 Im putting you through now 3 an order I placed with you 4 a week maximum 5 Do you have the order code to hand 6 that all seems to be in order 7 Ill get back to you before 12

111 IV 2N 3V 4N 5N 6V 7N 8V 9N 10V llV 12N

UNIT 7

1 2b 3b 4a 5b 6b 7a 8b

1 1 I shouldought tomust 2 CanMayCould 3 musthave to 4 can 5 maymightwillcould 6 cancould 7 have to 8 mustshouldought tomaymight 9 cancouldought tomustshould

10 have tomust

2 I wont 2 dont have to 3 couldnt 4 wont 5 cant 6 was able to 7 mustnt

3 1 You mustnt stop here 2 We dont have to learn the whole poem 3 They didnt have to take off their shoes 4 He cant be speaking Swedish 5 We didnt have to wear a uniform at school 6 You wont have toneed to help me do

this exercise

4 1 I has to have 2 wont 3 said shed 4 couldnt 5 she had 6 should 7 you must 8 she might 9 can 10 will II cant 12 have to 13 can only 1411 IS ought to 16 You may might 17 You mustnt 18 couldnt 19 You shouldmightcould 20 You must have to

2 I Id better buy her a card 2 Guests are advised not to leave 3 Smoking is only permitted 4 Hes bound to pass 5 The use of dictionaries is not allowed

in this exam 6 People under 18 arent supposed to

buy cigarettes 7 Travellers to the States are required

to have a visa 8 You are likely to findlIt is likely that

youll find 9 I promised to help Jane

10 My parents didnt let me

5 1 2 She must be missing her best friend 3 Itll be Tom 4 She cant still be sleeping 5 They could be having guests 6 He must have a deadline to meet 7 It might be difficult to drive to work 8 She may be hiding in the garden

2 I shouldgo 2 might feel 3 must finish 4 Il pass 5 should be touching down 6 must be 7 cant be 8 could be snowing 9 can snow

10 must be making 11 mightbe 12 could be

61 I V 2M 3V 4V SM 6V 7V 8M

2 I needntdont have to 2 mustnt 3 needntdont have to 4 need tohave to 5 dont have to 6 got to 7 needs

7 1 His bills will take ages to payoff He accumulated debts of pound2000 Inflation went up by 2 She contributes to the household bills I earned pound2000 in interest My credit card expires at the end of July I changed some travellers cheques The exchange rate is good just now

2 I check-out 2 added 3 bill 4 pay S-salary 6 by cheque 7 overdrawn 8-credit card 9 cash 10 reduce II came to 12 saving 13 change 14 receipt

8 2 off with 3 down on 4 on with 5 up for 6 away with 7 out of 8 out with off with 9 up with lOon with out with

91 la 2b 3b 4c 5c 6b

2 I a bit annoyed 2 one or two hurtful 3 a bit of trouble at work 4 down a bit 5 hasnt been great

10 I doesnt 2 shouldnt 3 mustnt 4 promised 5 strapped 6 distinctly 7 special 8 arranged 9 friendship

to comfortable II excitement 12 impressed

11 I Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of weight recently

Kevin Youre Jillding If ~thing hes l2ll weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me Kevin Well I know he earns a ll21 more

than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a secondshyhand Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a brand new one

4 Alan Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Kevin Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are designer labels

5 Alan Does Frank have many stocks and shares

Kevin He has ~ of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin Noin~hesin~

on holiday

7 Alan His latest car is a Wi ~ Mercedes

Kevin Really The car I saw him in was a ~ link Mercedes

UNIT 8

lib 2c 3a 4b Sb 6a 7b 8c

2 1 J D 2 D 3 NO 4 0 5 ND 6 D 7 NO 8 D 9 ND 10 NO

2 I Id love to meet someone who could teach me how to cook

2 Were looking for a house which has four bedrooms

3 We went to see Romeo and Juliet which I really enjoyed

4 Do you know a shop that sells secondshyhand furniture

5 Abraham Lincoln who was President of the United States died at the theatre

6 I find people who lose their temper difficult to get on with

7 My computer which I bought just last year is already out ofdate

8 I met a girl I went to school with 9 Professor James Williams who many

people consider to be the worlds expert on volcanoes will give a talk next week

10 I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich which I ate immediately

3 4 The thing I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 no change 7 no change 8 no change 9 Salt whose qualities have been known

since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD I bought yesterday doesnt work II no change 12 The Algarve where my mothers family

comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Answer key 91

4 1 I how much I miss 2 what I believe to 3 which was a mgntrnare 4 where 5 whose came down to her waist 6 which came as a bit of a v bullbull 0

7 when you expect to arrive 8 want

2 1who 2 thatwhich 3 where 4 which 5 6whose 7which 8- 9shy10 that 11 whose 12 - 13 where 14 which 15 Whatever

5 2 Shes a friend (who) I can 3 Thats the man the

for 4 She recommended a book Robert

Palmer who Id never of 5 The suit I pound400 for has been

reduced to to 6 This is the book (that) I was

about 7 The

6 3 screamUrlg 6 conruslllg 9 tnghternng 11 dis3lPPolintlnR 14 dlslturtgtlnR 17 disaIPPcint~~d 19 prornisillg

7 1 2 3 Letters 4 The 5 Firemen have rescued passengers

overlo()kJrlg Ule River Thames crowds

2 2 finishing 5 8 explainill1g

8lj 2b 3d 4g 5c 6m 71 8n 9a lOe Ili 12k 13f 14h

9 1

2 1 breathtaking 3 automatic 6 picture5ique 8 narlO-lrl1a(le overcrow(ed deserted

lOla tenmiddotDOllino 2 a course 3 a three-hour 4 a three-course meal 5 a two-week 6 a two-hour 7 a ten-page letter 8 a unilverSltv course

12 a two house

11 1of 2 with for 3 for 4 of 5of 6 in 7 from to 8 about 9 to 10 of It of 12 for 13 for 14 with 15 about

sumptuous ~nllnlmrlnl

business 8 fasten exhausted whistle

2 1scientific 2 PS)ChlgtlolftlSt 4 5 7 8 gralldtather lOcaJm

UNIT 9

1 Id 2 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i lOa

the

about

3 She eats it every 4 He never cornplaining

footballs on 5

the chance

he

11 I used to 2 Did you use to 3 never used todidnt use to 4 Did use to 5 to 6 didnt use to 7 did use to 8 you use to

2 2 a b c 3 a 4 a b c 5 a b c 6 a 7 a b c 8 a b 9 a 10 a h c

3 1 sentences 2 4 5 89

2 answers dad will mendwill insist on

me~ndlng his motorbike in the room

2

3

toast

2rSIndma would never turn on her

4 1 1 arent used to 2 used to 3 used to get used to 4 got used to 5 used to 6 didnt use to 7 s used to 8 used to 9 use to

10 Have got used to

2 1 2

9 gets

51 al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hi i3 j1 k2 11 m3 n2 03

2 1 used 2 would 3 to 4 didnt 5 use 6 used 7 8 never

6 2 wave 3 4 right 5 suit 6 fair 7 sort 8 9 train

7 1 a bored b board 2 a allowed b aloud 3 a whale b wail 4 a b court 5 a loan b lone 6 a hire b

8 1 1 f 2 i 31 4b 5h 6g 7c 8e 9d lOa IIj 12 k

2

5 come 6 told 7 deal with 8 fit in with 9 oUlof

9 1 1 c 2b

2 1 3 5 6 8 9

10 1

2

3

4 5

6 7

8

9 Wed~ki~ forward t~ming fcQS then at last minute we werent able to l~ou-itdown~ couple of

minutes

2 A What are you doing at the weekend B I havent decided yet A Were going to Scotland Do you want

to come too B Id love to Where are you staying A Weve decided to camp None of us can

afford to pay for a hotel B Camping in Scotland in October

Youll be freezing cold A No we wont weve got strong tents

lots of warm clothes and thick sleeping bags

B Have you checked the weather forecast A Of course we have and its pretty warm

for October B OK then Itll be quite an adventure A Excellent Ill tell the others - theyll be

delighted Well pick you up at six on Friday See you then Goodbye

B Bye

UNIT 10

2 I had to take the pills three times a day 3 They must have been away on holiday 4 We couldnt see the top of the mountain S He cant have been be a millionaire 6 We werent allowed to shout in the

classroom 7 He wouldnt go to bed 8 That will have been John on the phone 9 You should have been more careful

10 You could have helped with the washingshyup for a change

11 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2 Possible answers If I go to India I canwillmaymight see

the Taj Mahal If I went to India I mightwouldcould

see the Taj Mahal If Id gone to India I mightwouldcould

have seen the Taj Mahal

3 1 1 She must have got engaged to Andy 2 He cant have cut it for ages 3 They must have been doing something

naughty 4 She must have been making a cake S They might have gone without me 6 He cant have had guests last night 7 They must have arrived home by now 8 She mightmust have mislaid my

number

2 1 It must have been blown down by the wind

2 They must have been washed with something red

3 It cant have been repaired properly 4 It cant have been dry-cleaned recently S They cant have been watered while

we were away 6 It must have been hit by a stone

4 1 could have used 2 might have climbed up 3 neednt have bothered 4 must have been joking S cant have spent 6 might have misheard 7 should have phoned 8 may have been delayed 9 neednt have worried

10 shouldnt have burned 11 must have fallen 12 cant have put on

5 1 shouldnt have 2 may have 11 have 3 d have could have might have d have

neednt have should have 4 must have

61 Ib 2a 3b

2 1 would have been 2 must have been lying 3 couldnt have survived 4 may have had 5 must have fallen 6 could hear 7 will have got 8 could have broken 9 must have been talking

10 neednt have been 11 might have died 12 must have been 13 should have done 14 could have been

7 1 heart-to-heart 2 hands full 3 face the fact 4 heart 5 head for business 6 sharp tongue 7 heart of gold 8 put a brave face 9 pulling my leg

10 give her a hand

81 Physical appunnce Perscnlity graceful moody wrinkled big-headed skinny brainy bald quick-thinking well-buit nosy smart cheeky curly narrow-minded

affectionate smart hard-hearted

2 1 handed 2 elbow 3 thumbed 4 eyed 5 was footing 6 headed 7 are armed 8 shoulder

9 1 2 remind of 3 congratulated on 4 models on S hide from 6 held to 7 invited to 8 trick into 9 inherit from

10 shouted at 11 forgive for 12 was accused of

10 should good leaf chief bread said taught court choose lose chef deaf toes knows through knew hate weight wore pour tight height brain reign full wool leave grieve pool fool foot put blood mud

2 1 An exceedingly fat friend of mine When asked at what hour hed dine Replied At eleven At three five and seven And eight and a quarter past nine

2 A gourmet dining at Crewe Found a rather large mouse in his stew Said the waiter Dont shout And wave it about Or the rest will be wanting one too

UNIT 11

1 1 14 8 refer to real past time The others refer to the hypothetical past

2 1~ 2 3~ 4~ 5 6~ 7~ 8

3 2 dont 3 didnt 4 cant S is 6 wont 7do 8 washave 9donthavent

1 1 I wish you were rich I wish you couldwouldhad come I wish I were rich I wish I couldhad come

2 1 could was able to 2 wasnt 3 had 4 hadnt gone 5 have stayed 6 didnt speak wouldnt speak 7 d had 8 lived

) 1 1 I wish Id invited him to lunch 2 You should have been watching the road 3 If only I hadnt said that to her 4 I wish I hadnt hit him S Id rather you didnt tell her 6 I wish Meg wouldnt stay out so late 7 I should have worked harder for

my exams

Answer key 93

2

somwhere

4 Weshould 5 I wish Id 6 Cat I wish

4 1 wish 2 3 could 4 would 5 have 6 should 7 8 wouldnt 9 unless 10 could 11 would 12 had 13 14 have IShad 16could ]7s 18 realized 19 if 20 hadnt

5 1 I shed set her alarm dock 2 she hadnt been late 3 wouldnt have the

ladies restroom and she wouldnt have torgotten to meet Nell for lunch

4 wouldnt have ended their

5 she wouldnt have lost a contact lens 6 she hadnt lost a contact lens 7 she wouldnt have had to wait at

the bus stop in the rain I she hadnt so wet

8 she waited at the in the rain I she hadnt got so wet

9 she hadnt to meet her three times

10 it wouldnt have eaten the canary

2 1 I wouldnt have been ill if I hadnt had the shellfish

2 I would have you if I had had the time

3 If I had known the washable I have

4 I wouldnt have believed it if I seen it with my own eyes

1 feel wont 2 sold d 3 see II tell 4 hadnt 5 didnt be

wouldnt have worked

have heard wouldnt be

do saw would run would know

would have burned down

1 1 1 2 in case 3 unless 4 Unless 5 6 in case 7 Had 8 Should

2 I I wont come unless 2 he left 3 you had

you have been a champlion

to install a smoke alarm in fire that unless she learns

8 at my desk until 600 should you need to to me about the maUer

1 1 2 unreadable 3 childish 4 5 sensitive 6 sensible 7 truthful 8 true 9 intolerant 10 intolerable II economic 12 economical

1 breakdown 2 comeback 3 rnflrlCmiddotmiddotlln

4 outcome 5outlook 6 outbreak 7 8 feedback 9 takfaww

10 aovvnr~ul

10 1 Set up a home office 2 computer computer table 3 Some of the 4 Hes no 5 he

2 Ib 2c 3a 4d

1M 2G 3G 4M 5M 6M 7G 8M

n 2 leI bread breath breadth thread deaf death lead meant weapon

li1 meat scream breathe cheat beast heal reason

III ear dear tear hear dear theatre weary

le)1 wear tear bear pear swear

lell break

lalearn earth search

1 I a 2 the 3 the 4 a 5 a the 6 the 7 a - 8 the - 9 a The - the

2 1 A 2 the 3 a 4 - 5 the 6 a 7 the 8 a 9 the 10 - 11 the 12her 13the 14a 15- 16shy17 18 a 19 the 20 The 2I an 22the 23the 24 the

1 1

2 I All none 2 either both 3 both neither 4 every 5 7 Each 8 either both 9 10 Either 11 both either 12 Each

) 1These 2 This 3That 4 those 5 that 6 that 7 this 8 these 9 this 10 this 11 that 12 this 13 That 14 those 15 that

4 2 the 3 one 4 her 7 of 8

11 her 12 a lot of 13 the 17 those

18 no 19 their 20 most her 22 a 23 several 24 this 25 the 26 her 27 The

aU

6 1 be on the safe side in touch with sb no in on ones mind

up to date have the nerve to do sth a word with sb

no sth

2 2 have the to 3 will be in touch with 4 is on mind 5 havea with 6 had the nerve to 7 to be on the safe side 8 have no chance of 9 no in

10 have been in touch with

1 lout of 2 in 3 on 4 for 5 in 6 between 7 for 8 to 9 about 10 with 11 to 12 of 13 14 in 15 to

11 IT 2F 3F 4F 5T 6T

2 1Apt)arentlv 3 After all 4 Ho~)etuilly 6 Pr~umably fact

NOIm Verb advice 1Jdvals to advise 1Jdvalzl use louse abuse to abuse belief to believe relief Inlifl to relieve Irllivl

to excuse to excuse breath to breathe half Ihafl to halve Ihavl house Ihaosl to house Ihaozl

safe Iseafl to save Isew bath Ibael to bathe lbel61

10 1 B I did do it 2 B 3 B I 4 B I knew that ago 5 B 1didnt tell 6 B I teU her 7 B I 8 B I 9 B I like Annie I think

10 B 11ike her

94 key

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9

10 11

12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Phonetic symbols

Consonants

Ipl as in pen Ipenl bl as in big bIg I It I as in tea Iti1 Id as in do Idu1

IkJ as in cat Ikret Igl as in go Ig~ol

IfI as in four IfJI Ivl as in very veril

lsI as in son ISAnl IzI asin zoo Izu1 11 as in live Ihvl ImJ asm my ImaJi Inl as in near Im~1

hI as in happy hrepil

Irl as in red Iredl Ijl as in yes Ijesl Iwl as in want Iwont

leI as in thanks lerelJksl

161 as in the 16~1

III as in she IIi1

13 I as in television ltehvl3l11

ItII as in child ItlaIldl Id3 I as in German d33m~nl

IIJI as in English IllJghJI

Vowels

2S li1 as in see Isi1 26 III as in his IhIzI 27 Iii as in twenty Itwentil 28 leI as in ten Itenl 29 lrel as in stamp Istrempl

30 101 as in father fo6~1

31 101 as in hot hot

32 IJI as in morning lmJmIJI 33 101 as in football lfutbJII

34 lu1 as in you Iju1 3S IAI as in sun ISAnI

36 131 as in learn 113nI 37 I~I as in letter 1let~1

DIphthongs (two vowels together)

38 lell asm name Inelm I 39 ~o as in no In~o

40 lall as in my Imal I 41 lau asin how haul

42 bJi as in boybJJi

43 II~I as 10 hear hI~1

44 le~1 as in where Iwe~1

45 lu~1 as in tour Ito~

BoskofVictoria Ivleva) Kobal j)rnterlDrearnw1orks) (Frank

(New (ralnlx)wlhotodlsc) 64 (Taj MahaljPhotodisc) Phcltolilbrary

1ul 1 RFJ 35 (mother ampdaughter in kitchenj wCltchling1V1rMltJlOdlgtoord RF) Punchstock

(two men all~illgJIlJal1lanaStoct) 19 ofboo~S~lot(~isc)32~~re~miln2

UNIVERSITY PIllESS

Great Clarendon Street Oxford OX2 6DP

Oxford University Press is a department ofthe University ofOxford

putllistling wOlrldvvide in research scholarship

Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala lumpur Madrid Melbol1rne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto

With offices in

Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Poland Ponugal Sin~alllOre South Korea Thrkey Ukraine

OXFORD and OXFORD ENGLISH are registered trade marks of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries

() Oxford University Press 2009

The moral rights ofthe author have been asserted

Database right Oxford University Press (maker)

First published 2009 1013 2012 1011 2010 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

No unauthorized photocopying All rights reserved No part ofthis publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means vvithout the University Press

expJresslly pE~rmined by law the applropriate organization Enquiries concerning reproduction outside

should be sent to the ElT Rights Department Oxford University Press at the address above

You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer

Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain and their addresses are provided by Oxford University Press for information only Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility for the content

ISBN-13 9780 194714433

Printed in China

This book is printed on paper from certified and wen-managed sources

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

16 A Vision Life 2004 Reproduced by kind

permission ofClare Chapman p54 Seeker reproduced from Radio Times Magazine 2-9 July 2004 Reproduced by kind permission

nustrntions by Gill Bunon p9 Paul GiIIiganJ(etty Images Ned jolliffe pp 36 69 Roger Penvvill pS8 Harry Venning pp38 5771 80 172

Commissioned Photography by Pierre dAlancaisez 134 Mark Mason p47 Garry OBrien (cottage) p60

1kn1IC IJnh reslllltsfPallil Bald1esare) 32man at desk Iptlilnir wmiddotflITIIn smiJirtgfStere Hamblin) 50 (Concorde

Richard Cooke) SO (Angel FaUsJacquesjangoux) 51 (Praia Da peL) 60 (GrandadfDenmanJAlamy) 63 (man on phonefFogStock) 67 (girl two boysJUPITERIMAGESCreatas) 71 (woman manimageshop) 791windsurferl Steve Austin) Anthony Blake Photo Buntrock) Axiom Photographic Agency 50 (Petronas TowersfMary Winch) Cartoon 11 (carAdey Bryant) 15 (waiterJPatrick Hardin) 24 (answerphone Hatley Schwadron) 39 (advertiSingJohn Morris) 65 (customsRoy Nixon) 74 Percival) Corbis pp 05 (woman on phone FancyfVeerl 12 Van Hasselt) 21 (ShrekEriko SugitaJ Reuters) 26 (Frank AbagnaleReuters) 28 (women having serious talkfNorbert Schaefer) 42 (Gisele BundchenEpitacio setl Christian SinlorlpiietriiSjgrrla) 77 (girl at computerlWA-JDCj 79 (woman walking in Ramazanijzefa) Coreyography LLC Images p13 Exley Publications Fiddys Guide to Husbands

Lose Weight) 31 78 Getty Editorial pp17 Ihi1Icpr lPnitllrlmiddotiPI~fltnmiddot 56 Impact Photos Ltd

68 (having coffeeBrand XPictures) 71 (mature manfRubberball) 76 (two menJIT Stock free) 82 Rex Features pp06 Studio Aisslinger 30 (Tom Meddle)

ISBN 978-0middot19middot471443middot3

III II9 780194 714433

  • boonedpdf
    • coverpdf
    • workbook with key
      • end
Page 3: Upper-Intermediate Workbook with

43

43

1 MeanUlg 2 Which modal 3 Positive to ne~atliJe 45

6 need 47

10 Consonant dusters 49 11 Sentence stress 49

IINI] S

50 LJlUnl1~ or 51

3 Punctuation and omlttu12 the 51

4 pronouns 52 5 Prepo~jti~[)ns in relative dauses 52

53

55

56

12 Silent consonants 56

verbs 75

76

OrOn01JnCm2 ea 76

77

78

79

2 How certain 3 Past probabilIty 81 4 Past modals 66 5 Past modals various uses 66 6 Famous Three 66 82

68 82

69

69 96

70

72

73

75

The tense system Auxiliary verbs havehave got

No place like home

The tense system Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141 14 My favourite white T-shirt went pink It

1

Identifying tenses Write in the correct verb form active or passive using the verb in the box

15

- shy ___with my daughters red jumper

Simon was all wet because he -- shy __the car

sell walk

A How did you get here

16 My sister earns a good salary She _____ computer software

2

3

B We walked It didnt take long

Our baby Jack _____ now Hes a year old

I need to have a rest We non-stop for four hours

17

18

If no one offers to buy the house it _____ by auction next month

I wish Id bought that antique chair I saw in the

shop window Im sure it will have been ~old by now

take teach

4

5

It was a hard match At half-time one of the

footballers to hospital

This shirt fits me 1 _____ it

19

20

At the end of this term I for six years

The children how to make cakes when one boy dropped his bowl on the teachers foot

2 Complete the tense chart with the verb forms from 6 My cat looked guilty He_____some food exercise 1from the kitchen table

7 We need a new car We this one for ages

8 We a lovely picnic until my wife was stung by a bee

9 Dont phone at 800 We _____ dinner then

make

10 Our sandwiches _____ freshly

_____daily

11 Have you heard about Lenny He _____ redundant

12 By the time Im forty I _____ enough money to retire

wash 13 A Where are my jeans

B They at the moment

Active Simple 2 ntinuous

Present

Past walked

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

Passive Simple Continuous

Present

Past

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

4 Unit 1 bull No place like home

2 Correcting mistakes Correct the sentences

r working

10 l-wefk hard at the moment

because I have exams next week

20 Its really cold lately so Ive

bought a new winter coat

30 Arsenal play really well at the

moment Their new player has

real talent

40 Ive heard youll get married

Congratulations

5 0 I was doing my homework

when my friend was calling

60 When I was a little girl Ive

always spent my pocket money

on sweets

70 I worked with Paulo for two

years now and we still get on

well together

80 I cant decide what to buy

my brother for his birthday

Perhaps Im going to get him

a new shirt

9 0 A one-day strike has called by

London Underground workers

for Friday this week

10 0 The teacher said that Megan had

been working hard and was

deserved to pass all her exams

3 Choosing the right tense UII Read the telephone conversation between Sophie in New Zealand and her mum in Britain Put the verbs into the correct tense Sometimes there is more than one answer

Phoning home M Hello

S Muml Its mel How (1) you (do)

M Sophie What a nice surpriset Where (2)

_____ (phone) from

you

S 1(3) _____(stay) in a hotel in Auckland at the momen1

and I (4) just (find) this payphone

and I (5) (want) to actually speak to you for a while so

M Well it (6) (be) great to hear your voice We (7) ____

(miss) you so much Im glad you (8) _____(be) home in a few days

1cant waitl

S Me neither But I (9) _____ (send) you and Dad lots of emails and

letters havent I I (10) (write) you another long email today

but it isnt finished yet And I (11) (buy) you some fantastic

presentsI

M Good Im glad to hear itl And next time I hope you (12) _____

(not stay) away for so long and I hope we (13) _____ (be able) to fly

out and meet up with youl

S Of course you willi But Mum I (14) _____never _____

(visit) such a beautiful place in all my life Do you know where we

(15)_____ (go) yesterday It was a place called Hot Water Beach It

(16) (be) fantastic We (17) (dig) holes in the

sand and (18) (sit) in hot bubbling water up to our necksl

M Sounds amazingI Lucky you I

SOh I (19) really (look forward) to seeing you and Dad again on Friday See you at the airport at 830 Dont forget

M We (20) (wait) there with open armsl Safe journey Sophie See you soonl

Passives Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Active or passive 1 These sentences sound unnatural in the

active Rewrite them using the passive

1 They built our house in the 17th century

2 Someones decorating my flat at the moment

3 Has someone fixed the coffee machine yet

4 We ate in restaurants while they were building the new kitchen

While the new kitchen

5 We arrived at work to find out that someone had burgled our office

6 They wont recognize her in those dark glasses

She

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense active or passive

The burglars (catch) as

they (leave) the office

2 The postbox always

_____ (empty) at 12 midday

3 Aunt Mary is terribly upset Her cat

_____ (miss) for three days now

4 We _____ (drive)downaquiet

country lane when suddenly we

--____ (overtake) by a police car

5 When I woke up this morning the world

looked magical It (snow) all night

6 When you ( arrive) in

New York you (pick up) by one of our drivers and taken to the conference centre

6 Unit 1 bull No place like home

1 Put the verb in brackets into the correct verb form active or passive positive or negative Sometimes there is more than one answer

A German architect Werner Aisslinger thinks that he (l) _____

(find) the answer to our crowded cities He (2) _____ (invent)

a portable micro-apartment These apartments (3) (call)

Loftcubes and they can (4) ~____ (lift) onto any empty flat

roof by helicopter

Each Loftcube (S) _____ (design) with a kitchen and

- bathroom as well as a large living area They are extremely modern-

they (6) (build) using all the latest ideas fabrics and

technology in interior design

The Loftcube (7) first_____ (show) at an

exhibition in Berlin last year but Be~lin (8) _____ (be) the right

place for them because it (9) _____(have) a housing shortage

These apartments (10) _____need) in busy overcrowded cities

such as London and New York

They ClI (cost) very much - only pound38000 In the

future Aissl inger hopes that young professionals who often move from

city to city Cl2 (buy) them When it Cl3 ---- shy

be time to move they (14) ___ just _____ take their

home with them

Since the Berlin exhibition last year we U5 ____ _ (speak)

to a number of companies interested in building them but no decisions

(16) (make) yet says Aisslinger

He thinks that the homes (I7) (be) ready by the end of

next year Aisslingers vision of the future is of many rooftop communities

in each big City and it is possible that this way of life (lS) ---- shy

(reach) Britain first

2 Here are the answers to some questions about Werner Aisslinger and his Loftcube Write the questions

What A portable micro-apartment called a Loftcube

2 Why Loftcubes Because they can be lifted onto any roof by helicopter

3 Where At an exhibition in Berlin last year

4 In busy overcrowded cities

S pound38000

6 Young professionals who often move from city to city

7 Who A number of companies interested in building Loftcubes

8

By the end of next year

Auxiliary verbs Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

6 have be or do Complete the sentences with the correct form of have be or do Write A for an auxiliary verb and F for a full verb Sometimes the auxiliary is negative

1 [] They had finished supper when we arrived

2 [poundJ We had pizza for supper last night

3 0 It been a lovely day Thank you

4 0 I my homework very quickly yesterday evening

S D I always a shower after work

6 D I always had a passion for Lebanese food

7 D Fatima overslept so she catch her train

8 D What have you to your hair You look awful

9 D What your new boss look like

10 D This self-portrait painted by Van Gogh

11 D My car being repaired at the moment

12 D I hate the washing-up Id like a dishwasher

have and have got Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

7 Forms ofhave and have got Complete the conversations with a form of have or have got Sometimes both forms are possible

A Rebecca you a headache

B No its not that I a driving test tomorrow and I feel sick

A Good luck I hope you pass

B Well I a new car so it would be good ____ a driving licence

2 A ____ you ____ any pets

B No we you

A Oh yes I a cat all my life At the moment 1____ a cat two fish and two birds

B Id love a cat but Im not so sure about birds

3 A Come on We hurry Were late

B But I my passport I cant find it anywhere

A You it yesterday a look in your bag

B I it You were right

4 A Im looking forward to a few days holiday I ____ so much work for the past couple of months I a break forages

B Youre lucky I any holiday left

Unit 1 bull No place like home 1

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns

Write one word to make three compound nouns Check the use of hyphens in your dictionary

test works pressure sign10 donor map

cover line case port2 11 shelf mail

fall light 3 melon 12 break

skiing dream

house shake 4 grocer 13 writing

salad bag

club cube 5 mare 14 berg

time rink

brief birthday 6 suit 15 credit

book business

tea scape 7 plastic 16 lady

shopping slide

bow shop 8 coat 17 centre

drop car

note 9 rise 18 address

set visitors

Amazing But when we go on holiday one suitcase is too heavy for you

9 house and home idioms Tick (-) the correct definition for each idiom Use your dictionary

They get on like a house on fire a D They have a very good relationship b D They are always having arguments

2 Help yourself to tea or coffee - make yourself at home a D Make your own drinks

b D Please behave in my house as if it were yours

3 The comedians performance brought the house down a D The performance was a success

b D The performance wasnt a success

4 The news report really brought home to me the horrors ofthe famine a D The report made me realize fully the horrors of

the famine

b D The report clearly showed the horrors of famine

S His sarcastic comments really hit home a D He was sarcastic about my house

b D His comments really hurt my feelings

6 This shaky old bridge is actually (as) safe as houses a D Dont worry The bridge is very safe

b D Be careful The bridge isnt safe at all

2 DO Complete the conversations with the idioms from exercise 1 in the correct form

A I was so sorry to hear that your cat had died

B Thank you When I saw her empty bowl it really the fact that Id never

see her again

2 A How did the meeting with Andys parents go

B It was great We all

3 A Hello Sorry were so late our plane was delayed

B Dont worry Just sit down and relax and

Ill put the kettle on

4 A Did you read those excellent reviews in the local

paper about the school play

B Yes I did Apparently it

5 A Im not going up there It looks a bit dangerous

B Oh come on Its and the view from the top is fantastic

6 A Why is Terence always so horrible to poor Dennis

B I dont know But I could see in his face that Terences

cri ticisms really Perhaps hell finally get another job this time

8 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings

8 Phrasal verbs sometimes have a literal meaning and sometimes an idiomatic meaning

Ilooked up the tree but Icouldnt see my cat (literal)

Ilooked up the spelling in my dictionary (idiomatic)

In this exercise the phrasal verbs are all used literally Complete the sentences with a particle from the box Some are used more than once

I away on off bade out down in I The dentist said my tooth was bad He had to pull it

2 Dont run Come here I want to talk to you

3 My aunt fell the stairs and broke her leg

4 And I fell my horse

5 When the sun went it was really cold

6 A button has come my shirt Could

you sew it back for me

7 I dont feel like cooking tonight Shall we eat

-----

8 Im going to the library to take _____ the books Ive finished

9 Ive just hung the washing out and its starting to rain Can you help me to bring it

10 Dont throw that empty box Im sure I can use it for something

Jenny andJanine fell out again last night

2 Complete the pairs of sentences with the same phrasal verb from the box in the correct form Write L for a literal meaning and I for an idiomatic one

take off fall out pick up sort out put up stand up hold on

o After my operation all my hair ----- Its growing back now though

o Jenny and Janine again last night I could hear them arguing

2 0 Im coming to London for an interview next week - can you me for the night

o your hand if you know the answer

3 0 I all my clothes drawers today so now I know where everything is

o Weve got a problem here but if we try hard Im sure we can ____ it-___

4 0 When I was at school we had to _____ when the teacher came in the room

o You shouldnt let your sister tell you what to do all the time You should for yourself more and say what you think

5 0 A Can I speak to Kate please

B Ill just get her

o When youre riding on the back of a motorbike you have to tight

6 0 Its too warm to be wearing a jumper Why dont you it

o After a slow start my business finally started to

7 D I was never taught how to cook I just ___ it from my mother

D The babys crying Can you him

----

Unit 1 bull No place like home 9

2

Pronunciation

lei li1III

Itter b1(gt(

lui lrellu1

101gt1 131

Write the words from the box in the correct place on the chart There are three words for each vowel sound

letter bsy tree suit good cool sock camp early w~ther f~ther floor woman walk fath~ work wQmen shoe search heat m~chine mother daughter fun machine b~lding wQrry odd breakfast want g~rden f~mily

could accent banan~ banana

IAI

101

lal

listening 12 Agood mate

1 011 Listen to the conversation Mark the sentences true (I) or false (~)

1 0 Mike and Jerry arranged to meet 2 0 Mike has been away 3 0 Jerrys enjoying work at the moment 4 0 He likes his new boss 5 0 He doesnt want to apply for another job 6 0 He and Sara have enough money for a new car 7 0 Jerry is going to convince Sara that Mike needs

a holiday 8 D Mike is grateful to Jerry

2 011 Listen again and find expressions for these definitions

visit someone unexpectedly ________

2 Thats a shame I boring I not fair ______

3 a very important person _________

4 I dont understand ---------- shy

5 not feel able to do something________ 6 Thanks ______________________

3 Look at the tapescript on p83 Find examples of where words have been missed out in informal conversation

11 1

Vowel sounds and sentence stress IDI Each of these words in phonetics has a different English vowel sound Write the words (They are all from Unit 1 of the Students Book)

There is a list of phonetic symbols at the back ofthis Workbook

1 Ifrendl 7 Islreml

2 rIlJghJI 8 Iboksl

3 Iklinl 9 lagtu

4 lrohnal 10 IW3k

5 Itukl 11 ItJoU

6 grupl 12 Iwmtal

DO This chart shows the main English vowel sounds

10 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Present Perfect Continuous verb forms have something done

Been there done that

Present Perfect Grammar Reference Students Book p141

Present Perfect Simple or Continuous Match the lines to make sentences

A I -

1 Ive written Ive been writing

to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday

my essay all morning

2 Ive lost weight recently Ive been losing my car keys

3 Theyve missed you lots so come home soon Theyve been missing the train

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work early today to meet Paulas left her uncle

work late all this week

6 The cats been going to our neighbours to have The cats gone its dinner

upstairs

7 Hes had aheart attack Hes been having second thoughts about

accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy anew television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming Ive swum

twenty lengths today which is why my hair is wet

10 Ive been finding my cheque book at last Ive found it difficult to concentrate

recently

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous

Iv k plavinA (play) tennis all morning and Im really tired

2 Please drive carefully to work It_____ (snow) and the roads are very dangerous

3 Howfar _____ you _____ (travel) this morning

4 Kay and Bruno Parker (live) in London for the past five years Recently they _____ (try) to buy a house in the country but they (not manage) to sell their flat yet

5 Bill and Andy (argue) a lot recently because Bills always leaving work early

6 I (eat) so much icemiddotcream I feel sick

7 The trains (run) late all morning

8 Cecilia (cry) all day because she ---__ (fail) all her exams

9 I (sunbathe) all morning and now Ive got sunburn

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 11

2 Present Perfect and Past Simple Look at Junko Tabers personal history Complete the questions and answers

Junko 11lbei THE FIRST WOMAN TO CLIMB EVEREST

Born in Fukushima Japan

Started at Fukushima Elementary School

Went mountain-climbing for the first time with her school class

Joined a mountaineering club

Graduated from Showa Womens University with a degree in English and American literature and devoted herself to mountaineering

Got married

Started the first womens climbing club in Japan

Had her first child a daughter

Climbed Mount Everest and received a medal from the King of Nepal

Hadason

Became the first woman to climb the Seven Summits (the highest mountain in each of the seven continents)

Climbed her 113thmountain

Where was Junlco Tabei born In ____________________________

2 Which ____________________to

FukushiMa EleMentary School

Simple or continuous verb forms Grammar Reference Students Book p141

3 Spider-boy I Read about Scott Cory and choose the correct verb form

Spider-Boy JENNIFER CORY (1) stands is standing in Yosemite National

Park California looking though a powerful telescope She looks

like a bird-watcher but she (2) actually watches is actually

watching her 14-year-old son Scott who (3) climbs is climbing

the face of a 2900-foot mountain He (4) has climbed has been

climbing all morning and he (5) has nearly reached has nearly

been reaching the top

Scott Cory is the American schoolboy rock-climbing sensation

He (6) has already climbed has already been climbing some of

the highest most dangerous rock -faces in the world He (7) started

climbing was starting climbing when he was seven and he

(8) broke was breaking his first record when he was II He

(9) became was becoming the youngest person to climb the

famous EI Capitan mountain in one day He (10) has been named

has been being namedSpider-boy by the press

Scott (11) trains is training at least five hours aday four days a

week He (12) has prepared has been preparing for months for his 3 How long __________ climbing

Since she ______________________

4 What ___________at university

5 How long _________________ married

_______________________ 38 years

6 What ______________ she was 30 bull

7 When _________Mount Everest ________________ 36

8 Who _____________________ a medal The __________________________~

9 How many _________climbed

10 Has _______________ exciting life

latest challenge Next month he (13) will climb will be climbing

La Esfmge mountain in Peru Steve Schneider 43 his fellow rockshy

c1imber says I (14) havent seen havent been seeing any other

kids do what he does

l1li Read Scotts email from Peru Complete the email with the verbs in the box in the correct form Decide if the verbs are simple or continuous Sometimes there is more than one answer

do (x 2) arrive choose stay go become train call be not be look make take prepare not enjoy sound get

Dear Mom and Dad

Lots of love from sunny Peru I (1) M doing fine so far

and Steve (2) good care of me as usual We

(3) _____at Lima airport last night I

(4) the flight much It was very long

Lima is very hot and crowded but we (5) _____

only here for one more night Tomorrow we

(6) to La Esfinge to take a look Steve says

that out of all the mountains here he (7) the

hardest climb for us It (8) Welcome to the

Slabs of Koricancha Funny name eh

I think this climb (9) harder than anything

I (10) in my life The high altitude

(11) it difficult to breathe And there

(12) many hand and foot holds because the

rock face is so smooth But I (13) forward

to it It (14) like a lot of fun

I (15) so hard recently and I think I

(16) enough for this climb So please dont

worry about me If we (17) to the top we

(18) _____ the first Americans to do it

Wish me luck and thanks for everything Mom and Dad

Scott

Passive Grammar reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Present Perfect passive 1 Rewrite the sentences using the passive and omitting

the subject

The shop has already delivered the new sofa Thenewsofu __________________________

2 Have the workmen repaired the street lights yet

3 The government has just passed some new antishysmoking laws

Some new anti-smoking laws ------------ shy

4 The local counci1 hasnt built any new homes for twenty years No _________________________________

5 Nobody has watered the plants The plants ___________________________

2 Rewrite the newspaper headlines using the Present Perfect passive

Rat Alert at BuckinahaJD Palace

Ratl hav4 found itt BM~M PaiaM

2 Dramatic Rescue of Yachtsman in Pacific

Theft of Valuable Jewels fngtnl Sothebys

4 Missing Boy Alive

5 Huge Pay Rise for Police

6 Monsoon Kills 260 in India

7 AncieDt Tomb Discovery iD Egypt

5 have something done

1 Look at the difference in meaning between these three sentences

fve repaired my bicycle=I repaired it myself My bicycle has been repaired =Someone repaired it It is not important who did it fve had mybicycle repaired = Iarrangedpaid for someone to repair it for me (have + object + past participle)

2 Have something done is used to talk about services that you ask someone else to do

rmgoing to have myhair cut

1 Rewrite the sentences using have something done

Johns kitchen is being decorated

Uampg having thamp kitchampn duoratampd

2 My sister wants someone to pierce her ears

She wants to _________________________

3 My eyes are going to be tested

Im going to _________________________

4 Mr and Mrs Turners car has been serviced They ____________________________

5 Our television hasnt been repaired yet We havent __________________________~

2 Its Melanie and Kens wedding day Look at the notes and write sentences about what they have had are having done

ghampghad hampr wuJdin9 drampgg Madamp Uamp bullbull Thampy bullbullbull

R~C~NiLY - wedliiKl dress ~ - t~ iKvitttioKS priKted - t~ ctJ(e decortted

y~ST~RDAY - weddiK~ S1Ait amplivered - klir e1At

TODAY - klir c1o-Ke - ftowers amplivered

~~~T W~~K - ~otos ampveloped - weddiK~ dress d1-elepound-Ked

8 Ferrari Shock - 2000 Redundancies

14 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Vocabulary 1

6 Revision make or do 1 IDI Complete the conversations with make or do in the

correct form A How many wedding invitations do we need

B Mmm Let me see Fifty Thatll ( 1 ) fine

2 A Cant you (2) ___

schoolwork Joe

B Well Im (3) ___

more of an effort with your

my best Dad

3 A What have you bought all that old furniture fod

B Im going to (4) it up and sell it I think Ill (5) a nice profit on it

A Is this what youre going to (6) for a living now What happened to your job at the bank

B It was boring And they asked me to (7) overtime Im not working on Saturday mornings no way

A But it was a good job You couldve (8) well there

B Well I didnt like the manager much I dont think I (9) a very good impression on him

A Well Im not surprised You never (10) it to work on time

B Anyway you should have seen his face when I told him I was leaving (11) my day

A Oh that (12) it I can (13) without you and your old furniture all over the place Im going to look for another flatmate

5

6

7

The foods prettybad here but we make up for it with exceptionally large portions

2 Complete the sentences with these expressions in the correct form

make up for sth make off with 5th make the big time make sth of 5b do without 5b could do with sth make 5th in time

Wow Look at your name in lights

outside the theatre Youve really

2 Thank you so much for helping me

I couldnt

3 A What happened to my tuna sandwich

B Im afraid the cat grabbed it and

Sorry

4 Flowers and chocolates I know youre

trying to forgetting

my birthday But youll have to try harder

than that

Im really hungry I a big steak and chips right now

Cathy behaves really strangely sometimes

I dont know what to

Im late Ill never

the station

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 15

Vocabulary 2 Prepositions 7 Travel and transport 8 Prepositions of movement 1 Tick the verbs which go with each form of transport Complete the text with prepositions from the box

Use each preposition at least once

2 Complete the table below with the nouns in the box Some can go into more than one column

runway platform seat belt crash helmet harbour carriage traffic lights life-jacket ticket collector service station season ticket trolley tyres track horn port one-way street check-in desk traffic jam timetable hand luggage Customs deck tunnel porter cabin aisle seat

get intut of

car bus bike train plane 1-

shipferry

get onoff

takeoff

land

ride

drive

catch

miss

board

park

charter flight cycle lane cargo

car bus bike -

~

train plane shipferry ~

across against on onto along in off into up out of over through past to towards at

Joes journey across town Joes plane landed on time (I) ___

Heathrow airport He had exactly one

hour to get (2) the airport

and (3) ___

Manchester He hurried (5) ___

Customs and passport control and then

raced (6) the taxi sign at the exit

Unfortunately at that moment the strap on his rucksack

broke and it fell (7) his back and (8) -- shy

the ground Dirty socks shirts and tee-shirts spilt all

(9) the airport floor Joe was so embarrassed~

He stuffed everything back (10) his rucksack

and pushing his way (11) the crowds of people

finally made it (12) the taxi rank He jumped

(13) the nearest taxi shouting Euston Station

quickly please The taxi had to stop suddenly to avoid a

child so Joe was thrown forward hitting his face

(14) the glass partition The taxi sped on and

finally arrived (15) the city centre and inevitably

the middle of a traffic jam It would be quicker to walk Joe

paid the driver leapt (16) the taxi and ran

(17) the pavement (18) all the

brightly-lit shop windows At last he could see the station

oppositel but it was difficult to get (19) the road

because of all the traffic He reached the station just as his

train was leaving He jumped (20) the barrier

raced (21) the platform and leapt (22) -- shy

the train with seconds to spare He sighed with relief - he

would be home in time for New Year

16 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 1 IDJ Here are pairs of words in phonetic

script from Students Book Unit 2 Look at the stress marks Transcribe them and practise saying them

1 lkspbr~ lekspl~reIJ~n

3 k~ntnbjut lkontnbjuJnI

4 md~stril 1m I dAstri~l

S lIkon~mil ik~nomlks

6 pol~tlks pOI~tIJnI

2 What is the stress pattern of the words in exercise I Write the words in the correct column below

explorer

-

exploration

3 l1li Say these words from Unit 2 Write them in the correct column above

discovery develop backpacker information calculate abroad destruction kilometre unique destroy unspoilt Vietnam pollution industry environment paradise European destination diarrhoea inhabitant illegal

Listening 10 Acamping

nightmare

1 lID Listen to Susan talking to Alex and Marie about her camping trip Mark the sentences true (I) or false (1)

1 D Susan is in a good mood 2 D She went camping with her new friend Tiffany 3 D Tiffanys been camping before 4 D Susan was relatively calm in the storm S D Tiffany eventually saw the funny side of things 6 D Susans looking forward to going round to see Tiffany again 7 0 Marie was very sympathetic to Susan during the story 8 D Alex was very sympathetic about Tiffany during the story

2 Who makes these exclamations Put Afor Alex Mfor Marie and S for Susan

1 0 Hey Susan What a surprise 2 D Whoops 3 D I mean how silly 4 0 What a shame S 0 How awful 6 D What a nightmare 7 D Yuck 8 D What a ridiculous thing to happen 9 D Phew What a relief

10 D What rubbish

3 lID Listen again Complete the lines with the fillers you hear

she turned up with _____two suitcases and a

hairdryerl-____

2 she-----started crying a bit saying that she was

scared And I was trying to_____ reassure her

3 it all went dark and she freaked out and

started running across the field

4 Well I ran after her and fell into some _____ disgusting

muddy stuff

5 and then I started to laugh _____ really laugh

6 She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag

round her and grass and leaves in her hair _____

Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Narrative tenses Time expressions

What a story

Narrative tenses Grammar Reference Students Book pMl

1 Irregular verbs Complete the sentences with the irregular verb in the box in either the Past Simple or the Past Perfect

fallD~

Harry in love with the Greek way of life while he was working in Athens

2 He in love with every country hed been to but this was different He wanted to live there forever

tear 0 3 Josie saw Camillas trousers and asked how she

_____ them

4 While she was hiking in the Alps she _____ her

trousers on a rock

cost 0 5 It _____ an awful lot to have our car fixed

6 Ted told me his new car _____a fortune

fly D 7 When I went to Australia I was nervous because I

_____(never) before

8 The plane took off and into the clouds

catch 0 9 Suzy wondered how she a cold in the

middle of her summer holiday

10 She a taxi outside the restaurant and went back to her hotel

beD 11 Talks _____ held in New York last week to

discuss global warming

12 When the delegates left the talks no decisions _____ reached

2 Tick the verbs in exercise 1 which have the same form for the Past Simple and the past participle

2 Past Simple or Past Continuous Choose the correct tense

I lived I was living in Istanbul when I met I was meeting my husband

2 Our team played I was playing really well We won I were winning at half time but in the end we lost I were losing 3-2

3 I didnt think I wasnt thinking of having a birthday dinner but now Im glad I had I was having one

4 Im so tired The baby next door was coughing I coughed all night long and we werent getting I didnt get any sleep

S Roger sunbathed I was sunbathing by the hotel pool when he heard I was hearing a strange sound An enormous insect appeared I was appearing and landed I was landing on his leg

6 It was snowing I snowed when I got up I was getting up this morning The children next door made I were making a snowman so I quickly put I was putting on some warm clothes and raced I was racing outside to help them

7 Jack was playing I played happily in the snow when his big brother hit I was hitting him on the head and made I was making him cry

The kids just played quietlyal night like kids do

18 Unit 3 bull What astory

3 Which narrative tense Complete the article with the verbs in the box

Past Simple -

heard reached shouted said called wasnt went back in managed had to felt was swam pulled

Past Continuous -

was standing was trying were getting was recovering

Past Perfed Simple

had been knocked had taken had just finished had hit had moved

Past Perfect Continuous -

had been swimming had been surfing

Present Perfect

has been have been

Sightless swimmer saves a surfer Alec Munroe (1) had II cwiMMittq in the sea off the coast near his house

in St Ives Cornwall and (2) on the beach when he thought

he (3) cries for help

Despite being totally blind Mr Munroe (4) the sea to

rescue the person in difficulties

1 (5) just in the right place at the right time to help

somebody the 51-year-old (6) yesterday

Mr Munroe who (7) blind for 22 years (8) ____

to reach Matthew Slade by using the drowning mans cries to guide

him Mr Slade (9) but (10) off his surfboard by

a huge wave and (11) his head on a rock Mr Munroe

(12) through rough sea to find him then (13) ____

Mr Slade and his surfboard back to shore

Mr Munroe explained 1 (14) drying myself when someone (15) ____

Help I (16) back to him to keep on shouting 1 (17) think about the direction

of the wind too While I (18) to find him the wind and the waves (19) stronger

and stronger But I just kept going until I finally (20) him and got him back to the shore

It (21) a long time to fight through the high waves and we (22) completely

exhausted Last night Mr Slade (23) ____ in hospital from shock and a broken arm

What was even more remarkable was that Mr Munroe (24) familiar with the coastline

He and his wife (25) to St Ives only two weeks before

Fortunately I (26) a good swimmer all my life he said

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 19

2

4 1 time Use

in the same a 10 years ago

b my poem

3 married was

4 ( time I was 40

25 d until Iwas 30 many years e for years

6 f since six

7 g until I

8 the h when arrived 3 races9 station

10 j races

11 k until it was too

12 4 centre

13 m

14 TV n minute

15 He 0

2

5

estate

A Roman

centre

tenses 5

7

6

7 8 new

8 1____________________________________

a New

3 bull a

I base not write

There are many new charactersl by far the best one being

Puss-in-Bootsl

(14)

message that whether you (15)

whitel purplel

stili

thatIS the biggest fairytale of all

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review

DO Read the review and complete it with a verb in the correct tense active or passive

Shrek 2 is a bit more 01 the same but not quite says Gerard Cross

Fairytale ending I regard show feel like make I

Oont get me wrong I liked Shrek 2 When the film (1) in cinemas last weeki

kids and their mums and dads (2) itl too But the first Shrek will be the one

that (3) ___ as a classic

The most striking thing about the original Shrek was its freshness It (4) new

and excitingl because of the progress that (5) ---by the film industry in animation

techniques With Shrek 21 of coursel there isnt the same surprise

Imarry tell rescue introduce not make I

The film begins in traditional fair~tale style in the Kingdom of Far Far AwaYI as Prince

Charming (voiced by Rupert Everett) (6) the story of how he tried to rescue

Princess Fiona from the Dragon Butl of coursel Fiona (7) ___ already ___ by our

lovable monster Shrekl and whats morel shes (8) him Now Shrek (9) by

his new wife to his parents-in-law PredictablYI he (10) ___ a good impression on the King

and Queen (voiced by John Cleese and Julie Andrews)

voice love be end

who (11) by Antonio Banderas

AmusinglYI this character (12) on the

actorls film role of Zorro

However the plot (13) by the

original creative teaml and it shows The story

with a typically Hollywood feel-good

blackl

or a green monsterl you (16) ___

for who you are inside And unfortunatelYI

Unit 3 bull What astory 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature

The following words are related to prose poetry or drama Put them into the correct columns Some words can go in more than one column

nursery rhyme plot chapter critic director

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1phrasal verbs

There are four types of phrasal verb Types 2and 3 are on p36 in Unit 5and type 4 is on p48 in Unit 7 Type 1phrasal verbs consist of a verb + adverb There is no object They can be both literal and metaphorical

She stood up and wallced out (literal) The bomb went off (metaphorical)

backstage Match the phrasal verbs and definitions best-seller script 1 find out ~ have a calmer more stable lifereview 2 break up wait a minutecharacter

3 hold-on - be quietleading role 4 speak up - discovernovelist

blockbuster 5 set off be happier verse 6 stay in not go out stay at home fairytale 7 settle down talk louder setting 8 turn up arrive whodunnit 9 cheer up end a relationshiprehearsal 10 shut up begin a journeyscience fiction hardback

Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs from performance exercise 1 Put the verbs in the correct form thriller

playwright Peter hasnt arrived yet - I hope he _____ autobiography

soon act full house paperback

Poetry Prose -shy

Drama -

2 We have a long journey tomorrow What time do we have to

3 Why are you so miserable -----

4 I dont feel like going out tonight Shall we _____ and order a pizza

5 Larry was a bit wild at university but then he got a job found a lovely wife and had kids

6 After a long engagement Josh and Lil eventually _____because Lil had to move to Australia

to look after her sick father

7 Can I copy your homework The teacher will never

8 Im trying to watch a programme

and youre all talking

9 A Whats Bills phone number

B Ill just look it up

_____We cant hear you at the back 10

22 Unit 3 What a story

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs

Diphthongs are two vowel sounds which run together

hear Ihlal =hI + lal diphthong ral

hair Iheal =leI + lal diphthong leal

There is a list of diphthongs at the back of this Workbook

1 DB Choose the correct transcription of each word What is the other word Read both aloud

1 pay lpeJ lpe~ 5 dear dI~ Ide~ 2 write ralti r~utl 6 boy Ib~ul IbJIl 3 phone If~unJ falnJ 7 tour Itu~1 It~ul 4 round Iremd Iraundl 8 fair IfI~1 Ife~

2 DB Read the poem aloud Write the number next to the correct sound

SOUNDS AND LETTERS DONT AGREE

When the English tongue we speak

Why does (1) break not rhyme with (2) weak

Wont you tell me why Irs true

We say (3) sew but also (4) few

And the maker of a verse

Cannot rhyme his (5) horse with (6) worse

(7) Beard is not the same as (8) heard

(9) Cord is different from (10) word

(11) Cow Is cow but (12lowIs low

(13) Shoe is never rhymed with (14) foe

Think of (15) hose and (16) dose and (11) lose

And think of (18) loose and yet of (19) choose

think of (20) comb and (21) tomb and (22) bomb

(23) Doll and (24) roll

and (2S) hDme and (26) some

And since (27) pay is rhymed with (28) soy

Why not (29) fHJd with (30) SIlid I pray

Think of (31) blood and (32) food and (33) good

(34) Mould Is not pronounced like (35) could

Why is it (36) done but (37) gone and (38) lone

Is there any reason known

[]i1 [l]ell

Du1 Daul

D=gtI D31

[]I31 OIla

D31 D=gtI

Oaul Ol~ul

Du1 Daul

DtuzI D~uzl Oausl

DuzJ DusI

ODmI DumI O~oml

Doll Daull

OIAmJ D~uml

Dell DeIl

Dell Ole

Dul Du1 DIAl

Dudl D~ldl

Daul DIAl Dol

To sum up it seems to me

That sounds and letters dont agree

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 23

Questions and negatives I dont thi nk youre right

Nothing but the truth

Negatives Grammar Reference 42 Students Book pl44

Negative auxiliaries Complete the sentences with the negative auxiliaries in the box

isnt arent mnot hasnt didnt doesnt dont hadnt wont havent

Jackie speaks fluent French but 1___

2 We wanted to leave the restaurant but Fred ___

3 Ive been to America but my parents___

4 I thought Volvos were made in Austria but they ___

5 They said she was getting better but she ___

6 Ill be moving to London but my brother ___

7 My husbands going to the wedding but I ____

8 Jo likes Indian food but Andrew ___

9 Bill thought Id forgotten our wedding anniversary but 1___

10 The bedrooms been decorated but the bathroom ___

-1-II tt

f ~------------_____________1

2 no not -nt or none Complete the sentences with no not -nt or none

1 Ill help you but not tonight

2 We have no onions left Sorry

3 Non6 of us understood the lesson

4 The teacher wasnt very clear

5 I asked you __ to make a mess

6 Why did __you do what I asked

7 How do you manage __ to put on any weight

8 Bring Alessia to the restaurant but __ Ben Hes too loud

9 Theres __ meat in this dish so its suitable for vegetarians

10 A Who likes algebra

__ meB

11 A Wheres the nearest swimming pool

B There are __around here

12 She has __ idea of how to enjoy herself

13 Why have __ you emailed me for so long

14 I can cook but __ the way my mother does

15 A Do you work late

B __ if I can help it

16 A Wheres the coffee

B Theres __ left

17 __ plants can survive without water

18 Ive got __ time for people who are rude

19 __ of my friends smoke

20 A Do you like jazz

B __ usually

24 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

3 Opposite meanings Rewrite the sentences to give them the opposite meaning Make any necessary changes using negative forms and antonyms

1 Shes rich Shes got lots of money Shes poor She hastt got a~y money at all

2 I told you to go-to work Why are you in bed

3 Tom was a successful businessman who achieved a lot in his life

4 Our house is difficult to find Everybody always gets lost

5 We had a lovely time in Muscat There werent many people there

6 You must exercise your ankle Try to move it as much as possible

7 I must iron my shirt Im going out tonight

8 You need to come with me I wont go on my own

9 I was in a hurry because I needed to go to the shops

10 All of the students passed the exam so their teacher was pleased

4 I dont think youre right

In English we usually say I dont think + affirmative verb

I dont think Iknow you NOT IdliRk I deRt know you

We do the same with believe suppose and expect I dont expect well meetagain My parents didnt believe Id pass my exams

2 We can also use seem expect and want with the negative (+ object) +infinitive

She doesnt seem to be very happy I dont expect to get the job I dont want to go back to that restaurant He doesnt expect us to pass the exams

Rewrite the sentences using the verb in brackets in the negative

1 You havent met my wife (I think) dont think youve met my wife

2 You havent got change for a 20-pound note (I suppose)

3 This machine isnt working (This machine seems)

4 It wasnt going to rain (I thought)

5 Their daughters moving to Canada They arent happy (They want)

6 Im surprised to see you here (I expect)

7 You havent seen Robert recently (I suppose)

8 I wouldnt like snails (I think)

9 You probably dont remember me (I expect)

10 She didnt pass all her exams (I believe)

Questions ~ Grammar Reference 41 Students Book p143-144

5 Catch me if you can 1m Read the text about Frank Abagnale and write questions for the answers

Frank Abagnale was a brilliant conman for

five years Amazingly he started

at 16 Steven Spielberg made the

film Catch Me If You Can about

him starring Leonardo DiCaprio

and Tom Hanks

In 1964 Frank ran away to

New York upset because he had

quarrelled with his parents He was tall and

handsome with prematurely greying hair so he

decided to pretend he was 26 to get a job

His first con trick was to forge bank cheques

When the bank found out he had already collected

$40000 He had to change his identity so he became

Frank Williams a Pan Am Airways pilot He conned

Pan Am into giving him a pilots uniform and he

faked an ID card For two years he travelled round

the world for free with paid hotel expenses But

after he told his secret to his flight attendant

friend who called the police he had to

disappear again

Next he became a lawyer He forged a Harvard

law degree and then studied to pass the bar exam

He was also a hospital doctor (he left when he

actually had to treat someone) and a university

professor He taught Sociology and apparently

his classes were very popular Each time he had

to move on before the police caught up with him

He was eventually arrested in France in 1969

and sent to prison for five years

Since then he has worked as a financial fraud

consultant

2

How lang was Era1k A~agtt~[e a ~

Five years Qn man for

Steven Spielberg

3 to New York Sixteen

4

5

Because he had quarrelled with his parents

He was tall and handsome with greying hair

6 Forging bank cheques

7

8

$40000

Two years

9 His flight attendant friend

10 A lawyer

11

Sociology

12

13

In 1969

Five years

since then 14 Hes been working as a financial fraud consultant

26 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

hanks 7 Questions and prepositions 1 Complete the questions with the prepositions in

the box

I in of by with to from at about for on

What is your home town famous for

2 Who was that book written

3 Who does this dictionary belong

4 What are you looking

5 What did you spend all your money

6 What sort of books are you interested

6 Indirect questions 7 What are you talking

1 Make these questions about Frank Abagnale indirect 8 What are you so afraid --- 1 Where did he learn how to forge bank cheques 9 A Youve got a postcard

fm not sure B Oh Who is it 2 How did he have the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

10 Who are you angry James or me I dont know

3 Which countries did he visit as a pilot 2 Write a short question with a preposition in reply to

these sentences fd like to know

4 Why did his friend call the police A B

I went to the cinema last night Whowitll

rve no idea 2 A rm very cross with you 5 How did he manage to pass the bar exam B

I havent a clue 3 A Were going away for the weekend 6 Who gave him a job as a doctor B

I cant imagine 4 A rm very worried

7 Why did the police take so long to catch him B I wonder

S A rm going to Australia 8 What did he think of prison B Two weeks A month

Do you know 6 A I bought a present today

2 Write indirect questions about Frank Abagnale for these answers B 1 I wish I knew _______________ 7 A Have you heard Jane has got engaged

He told his friend because he was tired of living a lie B 2 Have you any idea _____________ 8 A Can you cut this article out for me

It took him three attempts to pass the bar exam B I havent got any scissors 3 Why do you think____________

He went there because he wanted to stop running and settle down in one place

4 Can you tell me

He spent five years in prison

S Do you know

He is truly sorry for what he did and has spent the rest of his life being a model citizen

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 27

8 Negative questions ~ Grammar Reference 41

Students Book p144

Match a question in A with a line in B

A

1

2

-

Are you ready yet

Arent you ready yet

I

a

b

What have you been doing all this time

Its time to go

3

4

Dont you want me to help you

Do you want me to help you

c

d

I thought you did

Iwill if you want

S 6

Arent you amember of the tennis club

Are you amember of the tennis club

e

f

Im sure Ive seen you there

If you are we could have agame

7

8

Dont you know the answer

Do you know the answer

g

h

Yes or no

Im surprised at you

9

10

11

12

Dont you think its beautiful

Do you think its beautiful

Didnt I tell you Im going out tonight

Did I tell you Im going out tonight

i

j

k

I

Surely you agree with me

Im asking because Im not sure

Icant remember now

Ithought Ihad Sorry

9 Can you keep asecret IDJ Complete the questions in the conversation Use How come once Sometimes there is more than one answer

A I went to a birthday dinner last night

B Didyou~

A Belindas You know my friend from work

B Oh yes What (1)

A It was quite good I chatted to various people

B (2)

A Well I talked for a long time to Vicky you know from school

B Of course Brainy Vicky (3)

A Shes fine Got agood job But actually shes not very happy at the moment

B (4) ___________

A I dont know if I can tell you Look you can keep a secret (5) ____---____

B Of course I can So what (6) -------

A Shes having a terrible time with her boss Mr Parker

B U) A You remember He came to our office once B (8) ___________

A You know Quite tall Dark curly hair

B Oh yes I remember now (9) use to wear glasses

A Thats right But he doesnt any more Anyway he had been talking about promoting her and everything when suddenly he went all funny and cold towards her

8 (10)

A Well turns out that hed promoted someone else Instead

B No (11) _____1

A Youll never guess Her colleague and best friend Tessa

B Not Tessa I cant believe it (12) Vicky -- shy__________ now

A Shes going to try to look for a new job But dont tell anyone

28 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

Vocabulary 10 Revision antonyms and synonyms 1 For the words in A write their opposites in B

using prefixes

A 8 C Adjectives

- ~

truthful ntrutftf1 di~honegf

real

credible

plausible

probable

pleased

normal

professional

important 1- - -

Nouns I ~

honesty

reality

belief shy - 1-

Verbs - - shy

appear

understand

trust

cover

2 In column C write synonyms for the words in B using the words in the box

fake confuse eisheRest reveal deceit unbelievable fantasy vanish ridiculous annoyed bizarre amateur unlikely trivial incredulity suspect

11 Hot Verbs keep and lose 1 Tick the correct column to make expressions with keep

and lose

keep 1-

I calm

lose ~

weight I

a promise

your way

in touch with sb

going

a secret

sb waiting

your temper

fit

2 Complete the sentences with an expression from exercise 1 in the correct form

When you go away please write rd like to _____ _____with you

2 When Joe broke the TV I my and started shouting at him

3 Can you Dont tell anyone but Im going to ask Vicky to marry me

4 Have you been here long Sorry to you I took the wrong road and I my ____

I had to ask for directions

5 A Ive lost my purse

B Now dont panic and well look for it

6 I go to the gym every day because I like to _____

And I ate so much on holiday that I need to ____

I

Can you keep a secret HOW TO LOSE WEIGHT

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 29

Prepositions 12 Verb + preposition

Many verbs are foHowed by prepositions Complete the sentences with the correct preposition

1 I agree with every word you say

2 I applied the job but I didnt get it

3 What are you all laughing Whats the joke

4 He died a heart attack

5 Shes suffering badly sunburn

6 Do you believe magic

7 I didnt realize that Maria was married - __ George

Pronunciation 13 Intonation in question tags

lID In question tags the intonation either falls ----- orrises~

1 ----- Falling intonation means that the sentence is more like a statement =Im sure Im right Can you just confirm this for me

Its really warm again today isnt it Yotlve lost the car keys again havent you

2 ~ Rising intonation means that the sentence is more like a real question =Im not sure if Im right about this Correct me if Im wrong

Yotlvebeen invited toJanes house havent you john didnt fail his driving test again did he

Both patterns are very common in spoken English because they invite other people to join in the conversation

8 Dont you think Mikes been acting ___a very strange way 1 lID Write the question tags for the statements Mark whether

it falls or rises ----- 9 Did you succeed convIncmg

1 Youre angry with me arf vou your father you were telling the truth

2 Last night was such a hot night 10 Compared you Im not very intelligent at all 3 You couldnt help me carry this bag

11 Weve complained our teacher 4 Antonios late again

---the amount of homework we get 5 Its cold for this time of year 12 Stop laughing me It isnt funny

6 Im just hopeless at telling jokes 13 Ive completely fallen love ___

7 You havent seen my pen anywhere Dubai

8 By the end of the film we were all in tears 14 Who are you going to vote ___ in the

singing contest 9 You wouldnt have change for a pound10 note

15 Tom Hanks has appeared ___ 2 lID Write a sentence and a question tag for these situations

IS major films and choose the intonation pattern

1 You ask Tom if he could help you do your homework ~

Tom YOU eould f help me with my hOMework eould you

2 Youre coming out of a restaurant where you have just had a really tasteless meal with a friend

That--------________________________________

3 You cant believe that your sister has borrowed your new coat again

You--_____________________________________

4 You need a neighbour to water your plants while youre away

You ________________________________________

5 You think that Vanessa is going on a business trip to Rome next week but youre not sure

Vanessa you _________________________________

Future forms Conjunctions in time clauses

An eye to the future

2 will or going toFuture forms Complete the conversations with will or going to in the

Grammar Reference Students Book pl44 correct form Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Question tags A make myself a sandwich Do you

Match a sentence in A with a question tag in B want one

B No thanks I have something later

- 1- 2 A Marco and Lia Florida this year for Youre going to work harder from will we their holidays now on

2 Ill see you next week doesnt it B How wonderful The boys love it

3 Kates leaving soon wont we especially Disneyland

4 Youll ring when you get there are you 3 A Bye Mum I meet Tom and Mel I

5 Our plane takes off at 4 pm wont I be back at about ten oclock 6 The decorators will have finished by

next week isnt she

wont you B OK but dont be late again or I

really annoyed be

7 You arent getting married next week

8 We wont need tickets to get in wont they 4 A Jo be furious when she finds out Ive

9 Wel be millionaires one day will he crashed the car

10 Dave wont be coming arent you B She understand if you explain that it wasnt your fault

S A I not work today I feel awful

B Dont worry I ring your boss and tell her youre sick

6 A Im tired I think I go to bed

B watch the news then I join you

7 A My boss has told me I be promoted

B Congratulations We have to celebrate

8 A Mr Smith now youve inherited all that money

you be the fifth-richest man in England How do you feel about that

B I tell you next week Im too shocked at the moment

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 31

I TAINK It Wllto~ rr0 COOL DoWN A srr

3 What does John say

Write what John actually says in these situations Use a future form

He sees some very black clouds in the sky

John Its goittg to rajnmiddot

2 His sister has just reminded him that it is his grandmothers birthday soon John 1______________

3 He has decided to study hard for his final exams John 1 ______________

4 Hes made an appointment to see the dentist next Friday John 1 ______________

5 He predicts a win for his team Manchester United on Saturday John I think _____________

6 Hes stuck in a traffic jam Hegts late for a meeting He rings his office

John Im sorry ____________

7 His sister is getting married The wedding is next March

John My sister _____________

8 His plane ticket for next Sunday says

Departure 730 am London Heathrow John My planemiddot ____________

9 He can see himself lying on a beach in Egypt next week at this time

John This time next week ________

10 He predicts hot weather there

John I think it ____________

4 Future Continuous or Future Perfect Tracey is a student at the moment Look at her plans for things she thinks she will have done or she will be doing by the time shes forty Write what she thinks using either the Future Continuous or Future Perfect

1 1I1I(000t to t~t statts

2 work ~am tlljOWoYIIQLts1l1l(

3 Livt til Ntw yom

-4 pa11 off 1111(11 stWo~tlolt ballk loall

5 tayll at ltast

-1100000 a ~ta y

6 tat oWot at ltast

foWoY tt~ a wu~

T YUII til CtlMyaL PAy~

tvtytj ~a~

~ gtt Vtytj f tt ) lI1I(antj allAmtneail

10 ~avt two e~i~ytll

By the time Im forty

1 rtf have movtd to the States

2 11 be workittg hard itt journalism

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

32 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

5 Pop star and soap star in the snow IDI Choose the appropriate future form Sometimes both are possible

Celeb Update bull UJIiilTI to tffl tfl a

Pop star and soap star in New York Celeb Update meets up with

Kym Manning who has

recently left the pop group

HearSing and her husband

the actor Jack Deane in

New York on the fi rst

anniversary of their marriage

CELEB UPDATE Hello Kym andJack What are you planning to do while you are in New York

Kym We (1) reqoinq to celebrate celebrate our first wedding anniversary here We love New York And of course we (2) ll have bouqht ll be buyinq lots of presents for our family

CELEB UPDATE Wonderful Now youve both been very busy this year What are your plans for the coming year

Kym Well we had to spend a lot of time apart last year I was on tour for nearly six months I (3) m notgoing to lea le wont ha Ie left Jack for such a long time this year

Jack Yes it (4) wont happen isnt happening again We are very happy together and we (5) are il be together forever

CELEB UPDATE Kym what (6) willyou be doing will you have done now that youve left the group HearSing

Kym Well I (7) mgoing to record ll record my own album as Ive now got a solo record deal

CELEB UPDATE Jack you left our best-loved soap East Londoners at the height of your popularity What kind of parts (8) will you be lookinq for will you have looked for now

Jack I (9) ll chanqe I mgoing to change direction I (10) Il do mgoinq to do serious drama Ive had some interesting offers already and I think 1(11) ll be makinq up ll have made up my mind which to take by the end of our holiday

CELEB UPDATE Kym of course you act as well as sing (12) Areyou planning Wiilyou plan to work on stage with Jack

Kym Jack is a great actor and we (13) work il work together if the time and the part is right But for the time being we (14) il be concentrating I ll ha le concentrated on our own careers

Jack And I know that in my new career I (15) llbeablel wont be able to count on the support of my lovely wife

CELEB UPDATE Thank you We wish you both luck for the future

Jack and Kym Thank you

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 33

6 Correcting mistakes In these conversations some of the future forms are wrong Find the mistakes and correct them

[2] A Have you heard Sues going to get married

Ifo B Really Im ~6ifl~ t6 give her a ring this evening

to congratulate her

2 D A What do you do this weekend

D B I dont know yet Maybe Ill give Paul a ring and

see what hes doing

3 D A Ill be honest with you Matthew I dont think

youre going to pass this exam

D B Dh no What will I be doing

4 D A Is it true that Rachel will get married to that

nice fiance of hers this weekend

D B Thats right And Im going to the wedding

Ive got to Im her bridesmaid

5 D A Our plane leaves at six 0dock on Saturday

morning

D B YukI You have to wake me up I can never get up

in the mornings

6 D A Its my birthday on

Sunday Im going

to be thirty

D B Thirty Thats ancient

You are getting your

pension soon

7 D A Mickey and David will be arriving soon and the

house looks like a rubbish tip

D B Dont worry Itll only be taking a few minutes

to dear up

8 D A Will you be going skiing as usual in January

D B Not this year Its too expensive Well stay at home

9 D A Ill ring you as soon as Ill arrive

D B Please do Well be waiting to hear youve

arrived safely

34 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Conjunctions in time clauses 7 Future time clauses

1 Notice that in clauses after if when as soon as until before after once and unless present tenses are normally used to talk-about the future A future form is not used

(II phone you when Itrive NOT when ffi arrive

I wont invite you unless you live up smoking

NOT unless yetAt give up

2 If it is important to show that the first action will be completed before the second action begins the Present Perfect is used

(II fax you the reports soons Ie written it

Theyre going to emigrate to Australia hetthe bMlyhn been born

Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the correct tense Present Simple Present Perfect or a future form

I Unless you

_____

(eat) sensibly you

(not get) better

2 We

_____

( not move) to Paris until we

(find) a flat there to rent

3 You

_____

(like) Adam when you

(meet) him Hes so funny

4

as you

you _____ (learn) to drive as soon

_____ (be) 17

5 The children _____ ( not go) to bed unless

_____ (have) a glass of milkthey

6 It

_____

(be) at least an hour before I

(finish) this report

7 fyou

you

(not do) well in the test

(have to) do it again

8 As soon as we

information we

(be) able to process the

(deal) with your

request

9 The doctor says that I

better once I

(feel) much

(have) the operation

10 Once you

you

(try) Glowhite toothpaste

(never use) anything else

Vocabulary 8 Revision take or put Complete the conversation with the correct form of take or put

A Come in Make yourself at home (1) some music on Pour us a nice cold drink

B Thanks I will Mmm something smells nice

A Oh dinners (2) ages Go and sit down (3) your feet up and (4) it easy Itll be a while before we eat Hows your week been

B ~rrible My boss is (5) pressure on me to (6) on another project But Im already working flat out and Im fed up with (7) work first all

the time

A I dont blame you But the business has really (8)

___off recently hasnt it

B Yes it has which is great of course But I think hell just have to realize that he needs to (9) ___

on more people now But hell never (10) advice from me of course I

A Well youve been there since the beginning and I think he just (11) you for granted

B I know Im like part of the furniture I have trouble

getting him to (12) any notice of me at all these days

A Oh dont (13) it personally Im sure he doesnt mean it like that Hes just too busy thats all

B Perhaps youre right But he should (14) himself in my shoes once in a while and realize how he makes me feel

A Youll just have to talk to him about it Anyway thisll (15) a smile on your face Dinner is seIVedl

9 Words commonly confused Complete the sentences with the correct word Put the verbs into the correct forms

expect wait for look forward to

I a We_____ the rain to stop so that we can play tennis

b The weather forecast says a lot of rain _____over the next few days

c Im very excited Im starting my first job

pass spend waste

2 a too much time with my mates and not enough time with my family

b I usually read the newspaper to the time on train journeys

c I my time at school I wish Id tried harder and studied more

see watch look at

3 a ___you _____ that new Spielberg

film yet b The police sat in their car They _____

every move the men made c this picture little Amy has painted

actually at the moment really

4 a A What a shame James lost the match B he won

b The children are out playing in the garden

c Love that dress You _____ look wonderful

lend borrow owe

5 a I have a student loan I the bank pound10000 which is a lot of money

b Jed pound5000 from the bank to buy a new car

c Could you _____ me pound20 until the end of the week Im broke

angry nervous embarrassed

6 a He felt when he realized that he couldnt remember her name

b rm very about my interview tomorrow

c Were _____ with the boss for not listening to us

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 35

Phrasal verbs 10 Types 2and 3

Both type 2 and type 3 phrasal verbs have an object Type 2 Type 3

Take offyour coat Look after your sister I put the DVD on (1Iloole into the problem

2 In type 2 the particle can move Take your coat off I put on the DVD

If the object is a pronoun (him it me etc) the particle comes after it

Take it off NOT Take eft it tput it on NOT I Ptlt e it

3 In type 3 the particle cannot move NOT leek yetlr sister after

leek her after Ill leek the prehlem ite In leek it iftte

4 Dictionaries usually tell you which type a phrasal verb is put sth on The particle is shown after sth This is type 2 look into sth The particle is shown before sth This is type 1

Put a pronoun in the correct place in these sentences First decide which type of phrasal verb is used

1 Listen to this song Ill put it on for you

2 I know youve got a lot of problems but Im sure

youll get through them

3 I cant remember the directions I couldnt take ___ all in ___

4 Theres a problem with my computer Ill sort

___ out tomorrow

5 Were having a meeting on the 25th Put ___

in your diary

6 There are clothes all over your bedroom Please

put __away ___

7 If youre going out with your little brother youd

better look after ___

8 Im sorry you had a complaint about your room

Ill look into right away

9 That was a mean thing you said Take -- shy

back ___

10 I liked Ann but since you told me what she did

youve put me off -- shy

36 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Pronunciation 11 Sounds and spelling 1 IDI Match the letters underlined in each word

with the correct sound

1 wQnt IAl I~ul 101 2 walk IJI 101 101 3 wQnder IAl IJI 101 4 wQman lui I~ul IAI

5 w~rm IJI laii 131

6 wQrd IJI 131 laII 7 w~r le~1 lei li1

8 w~ght laii lell lei

9 w~nt lrel I~ol 101 10 wQrk IJI 131 IJII

11 w~nder IAl iJI 101

12 wQmen 101 I~ul III

13 worm IJI IJII 131

14 ward 101 lall IJI

15 weary le~1 II~I li1

16 w~rd lall lell II~I

2 lID In each group of words three words rhyme Choose the odd one out

1 IAl done phone won son

2 lui would should good blood

3 lu1 move love prove groove

4 I~ol though through throw sew

5 IeII weak break ache shake

6 laul flower power tower lower

7 131 worth birth north earth

8 leIl hate wait weight height

9 II~I fear near pear clear

10 le~1 share bear fair hear

WU~ I A~ED YOU TO PICK UP TUE CUILDRW RWM ~I-IOOL I TUOUGUT YOU WOOL[) GO IN TUE CAR

Countable and uncountable nouns Expressing quantity something somebody somewhere

Countable and uncountable nouns ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p146

Countable or uncountable Choose the noun in each group that is usually uncountable

holiday journey flight luggage suitcase 2 meal dish food menu dessert 3 cheque coin cash salary bonus 4 job employee boss unemployment profession 5 pop group musical music opera concert 6 arrest violence accident crime criminal 7 motorway traffic traffic jam hold-up rush hour

Choose the noun in each group that is usually countable 8 luck happiness opportunity fun help 9 ingredient cutlery fruit meat food

10 fresh air sleep fluid health energy

2 someorany Complete the sentences with some or any

1 I did exercise 1 without help

2 Would you like more fizzy mineral water I dont want more

3 people dont have problems learning foreign languages

4 Why dont you ask your father to lend you ___ money I havent got ___

5 My teenage sister never has difficulty learning the words of poems There are hardly she doesnt know by heart

6 I didnt realize that there was still ___ food left Ive made more

3 much or many Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets and much or many Make any other necessary changes

1 Im not sure how much drink to buy (cans of cola)

Im ~ot sure how may Gas of Gola to buy

2 Are there many jobs to be done in the garden (work)

3 I didnt spend many hours on the homework (time)

4 Did they do many experiments before they found a cure (research)

5 They couldnt give me many details about the delay in our flight (information)

6 I didnt have too much difficulty with this exercise (problems)

7 Ive got too many suitcases I cant carry them all (luggage)

8 There are too many cars and lorries on the streets of our town (traffic)

Compounds with some any no every 6 something anybody nowhere everyone

1 Any anyone anybody anywhere and anything can mean it doesnt matter whichwhowherewhat

Put the picture anywhere Idont mind You can say anythingyou want Idont care Borrow anybook you want

2 Everybody and everything are singular not plural Everybodyknows who did it Everything is ready for the guests

1 Complete the sentences with a combination of these words

some onebody any

thing+no whereevery

I dont care where we go on holiday as long as its _____ hot

2 Does want a cup of tea

3 Ive looked for my contact lens but I cant find it

4 A What do you want for dinner Harry

B Oh I dont care

5 This sale is fantastic Theres 5000 off----shy

in the shop

6 Its really boring at Auntie Marthas theres

absolutely to do

7 Im a very sensitive person _____

understands me

8 There was _____ for me to sit so I had

to stand

9 Janes going to work for _____she met

on holiday

10 Sue is such a chatterbox shes always got

--___ to say but she never says _____ interesting

11 Our cat will follow _____

12 Tommys so nice - ____ likes him

2 Match a line in A with a line in B

IA

a anything1 He told the police he knew

b nothing2 He didnt tell the police

c somewhere in London3 I think they live

d anywhere in london4 I dont mind Ill live

e phoned you Sorry5 Anybody

f can cook Its easy6 Nobody

g anywhere7 Ive searched

h everywhere8 I cant find it

9 I thought Id know i somebody at the meeting

j anyone at the meeting10 Ididnt know

11 My parents never took me k everywhere when Iwas young

12 My parents took me I anywhere when Iwas akid

13 Jane always got m everything she wanted

14 Jane didnt have n anything to wear

15 Ive already had o something to eat

16 Ive had p nothing to eat

IOfcourse nobody needs one thats why Icalledyou advertising people in

Unit 6 bull Making it big 39

I

Expressing quantity 7 Odonga uses his loaf

Read and complete the story of Odonga Bosko using the words in the boxes

I acouple multi much few little nobody

Odonga Bosko hasnt had (1) luck in his life-

until now that is And (2) could have predicted

how completely his life would change

(3) of months ago 20-year-old Odonga had (4)

____chance of escaping the grinding poverty

in his remote Ugandan village Now the excited trainee

printer is busily packing his (5) belongings

for his trip to Britain because a (6) ____-millionaire is

paying for him to study the latest printing techniques

at college

I any hardly any more all a bit part enough

Remarkably Odongas extraordinary change in fortune

is (7) because of a loaf of bread He explained

I was hungry but there wasnt (8) food in the

house I had (9) money - only 600 shillings (4p)

but it was just (10) to buy (11) of bread

The bread is usually wrapped in paper and that

day I saw it was (12) of an English paper so

I took (13) notice

I none piece more than any something no

On the (14) ___ of paper was an advert for a

printing jo b in Bristol (15) ____ of my friends

have (16) ____ work here I am training on a printing

machine which is (17) 40 years old and I

receive (18) wages I felt if I was going to

make (19) ___of my life I had to apply for this job

over a lot all several some a great deal of

It took Odonga (20) ____ hours to write the letter

and send it But it turned out that the advert had been

placed (21) ____ a year ago The company kindly sent

me (22) ___of information about (23) the

hi-tech machines they used I was even more determined

to get a chance to work on them

In Britain Odongas story reached the ears of Conrad

Millbank a tycoon who had made (24) money from

publishing He ordered his lawyers to find the enthusiastic

young African When I heard that a rich man wanted to pay

for my training I thought it must be a joke Now I am so happy

that I went to buy (25) bread that day

to use your loaf is an idiom meaning to use your brains I show intelligence

40 Unit 6 bull Making it big

Vocabulary 8 A piece of cake 1 What combinations can you make using nouns from the

two columns

~PieceVca~ead ~tu~~ce honey ~ loaf chocolate

bar toothpaste box chocolates

souptin lemonadecan

paperbottle colasheet

2 These sentences contain false information about the article Correct the mistakes

Odonga has quite a lot of money

Odonga has hardly any money

2 600 shillings is quite a lot of money

3 Odonga has few friends

4 Most young people in his village have jobs

5 It didnt take him much time to write his letter

6 There were some jobs available at the company

7 No-one heard about his story

8 Until now Odonga has had quite a lot of good fortune in his life

2 Replace the words in italics with combinations from exercise 1

1 Would you like some cake

2 All weve got for lunch is some soup

3 There are two clean pieces ofpaper on my desk

4 Dont forget to buy Mum some chocolates for Mothers Day

5 Do you want this chocolate Its plain and I only like milk

6 Theres only one bit ofbread in the bread bin

7 How much cola have we got left over from the barbecue

8 Hello reception This is room 40l Theres not a single bit ofsoap in the bathroom here

9 We brought you some special honey back from the country

Unit 6 bull Making it big 41

Prepositions 9 Prepositions and nouns 1 Which prepositions go with the words on the right in these two tables

A

above

t IraquoeIow

t on

1-

t over under

avera~e

foot

arrest

pound500

75

freezing

18 years old

new management

holiday

pressure

business

B

at by

durinl in ~

on ~f--

midni2ht

the night

New Years Day

the winter

Friday afternoon

the weekend

time

afortnights time

the rush hour

his forties

2 Complete the article with prepositions from exercise 1

Whos that girl

Remember Gisele Bundchen the half-German half-Brazilian model

who came to fame (1) the late 1990s when she was still (2) ----shy I

eighteen years old (3) the next five years her face appeared in

(4) __ a hundred magazines and fashion campaigns (5) five feet

ten inches tall she was slightly (6) average height for a model but

she was still very popular earning (7) average $7000 an hour

But (8) __ the height of her career she decided to walk away from all

of that turning down (9) 90 of her forthcoming projects (10)_shy

her year-long absence she went (11) __ winter holidays with her family

and acted in her first film

People wondered whether she had been (12) too much pressure

or she was working (13) new management but apparently not The

23-year-old is making a comeback but (14) her own time She wants

to be more selective and creative and is aiming for longevity in the short-lived

fashion world So still expect to see her (15) her fifties

42 Unit 6 bull Making it big

3

4

5 0 The order was placed on I September

6 0 John Barker is going to call Ellen Miles later that morning

Who says these things Write R (receptionist) E (Ellen Miles) or J(John Barker)

I 0 Will you hold 2 D How are things 3 D Bear with me a moment 4 D Are you ready 5 0 What was it again

6 D Ill read that back to you 7 D Somethings come up 8 D Ill expect your call

Look at the tapescript on p84 and find equivalent expressions for these phrases

1 Who do you want to speak to 2 Im connecting you 3 an order I made 4 no more than a week

3

4

Listen and check Practise reading the text again

Read this news item and mark the stress Then read it aloud again paying attention to the shifting stress

Exports increased in the last quarter due to the present

buoyant economy Ministers are content with the results

saying that they reflect the progress made in decreased

regulation for small businesses

Tax refunds are on the increase as invalid assessments

multiply in the tax office Tax officers protested against t he

criticism levelled against them saying that they were

insulted by suggestions that they were not able to produce

the correct results They said they were compiling a report

which would present in minute detail the problems they

were experiencing since the computer contract had been

placed with another company

5 6 7

Do you have the order code with you that all seems to be correct Ill phone you again before 12 5 lID Listen and check Practise reading the texts again

listening 10 Abusiness problem

IIJI Listen to the phone call Who is calling who Whats the problem

lohnBarker

2 IDJ Listen again and mark these sentences truel or false~

D John Barker and Ellen Miles know each other

2 D John Barkers secretary confirmed the order

3 D Deliveries take more than a week

4 0 The order code is FED 2054780498 MX

Pronunciation 11 Shifting word stress 1 Listen to the pronunciation of the words

Write N for noun and V for verb

1 0 refuse 7 0 permit

2 0 transport 8 0 record

3 0 produce 9 0 contract

4 0 decrease 10 0 desert

5 0 progress 11 0 present

6 0 insult 12 0 content

2 Read this news item aloud Pay attention to the shifting stress on words that are both verbs and nouns

Good evening Here is the news

Oil imports continued to increase in the last quarter

Demand for transport fuel is already at record levels

and the Prime Minister refuses to pennit any further

increases Members of the Transport Workers Union

objected to his criticisms They insisted they will protest

against any possible future sanctions They presented

a report maintaining that present fuel increases are

due to a decrease in investment in railway transport

by the government

Unit 6 bull Making it big 43

Modal auxiliary verbs and related verbs need

Getting on together

Revision of all modals Grammar Reference Students Book p147

Meaning check Choose the correct explanation for each of these modals

Amy may look for a new job

a ~ Amy has permission to look for a new job

b [ZJ Its possible Amy will look for a new job

2 I couldnt swim until I was 16

a D I wasnt allowed to swim until I was 16

b D I wasnt able to swim until I was 16

3 No one can smoke in the cinema

a D No one is able to smoke in the cinema

b D No one is allowed to smoke in the cinema

4 You should wear glasses

a D My advice is that you wear glasses

b D Its possible that you will have to wear glasses

5 Will you answer the phone

a D Are you at some time in the future going to answer the phone

b D rm asking you to answer the phone

6 I couldnt get the top off the jar

a D I wasnt allowed to get the top off the jar

b D I didnt manage to get the top off the jar

7 You must be tired

a D rm sure you are tired

b D You are required to be tired

8 Andys busy so he may not go to the restaurant

a D Andy doesnt have permission to go to the restaurant

b D Theres a possibility Andy wont go to the restaurant

44 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

2 Which modal 1 Complete the sentences with correct words from the box

Often there is more than one answer

will should can ought to could must may have to might

I You get your hair cut Its too long

2 I ask you a question

3 Young children be carried on this escalator

4 You ___ never get a seat on this train Its always packed

5 I ____ be studying Mandarin Chinese next year

6 already speak five languages fluently

7 Youll work much harder if you want to pass

8 Its Saturday night There be something good on TV

9 You ____ leave your valuables in the hotel safe

10 You be over 1m 60 em tall to be a flight attendant

2 Choose the correct answer

You mustnt wont have any problems with Jack Hes such a good baby

2 You dont have to mustnt use cream in this sauce but it makes it much tastier

3 I couldnt wouldnt watch my favourite TV programme because Mia rang up for a long chat

4 Timmys so stubborn He just cant wont do what hes told

S Im afraid I cant may not come to your wedding as Ill be in Australia

6 I was able to could get 20 off the price in the sale

7 You dont have to mustnt say a word about this to your mother Its a surprise

3 Positive to negative Rewrite the sentences to make them negative

You must stop here

2 We must learn the whole poem

3 They had to take off their shoes

4 He must be speaking Swedish

5 We had to wear a uniform at school

6 Youll have to help me do this exercise

Verbs related to modals 4 Online helpline IIiI Read the problem page and replace the words in italics with a modal verb or an expression with a modal verb

Online helaline Your questions answered confidentially

Im really worried about my friend She (1) always feels

its necessary to have the latest designer clothes And

shes getting worse Now if something isnt from the right

label she (2) refuses to allow it in the house Shes losing

touch with reality She (3) promised to come round for

coffee with me the other day but then (4) wasnt able

to because (5) it was necessary for her to go to a fashion

show As a good friend (6) is it a good idea if I talk to

her about it

We (11) arent allowed to smoke at work which

I find difficult We (12) Ire obliged to leave the building

when we want a smoke but we (13) Ire only able to

do this twice a day I go out three or four times but I

know I (14) m bound to get caught sooner or later

I think I (15) d better give up before I lose my job

What do you suggest

As a good friend (7) it is essential that you talk to her

about it This label thing Is certainly concealing a strong

inferiority complex and (8) maybe shell find it hard to

discuss it But if you (9) manae to persuade her that she

is lovable without designer gear then you (10) are certain to do her a huge service

Choose a day and just stop (16) Its possible that youll find

it difficult at first but persevere (17) Its very necessary that you dont give in to temptation When I stopped a few years

back I (18) wasnt able to stop thinking about cigarettes

but bit by bit it got better (19) If I were you Id try nicotine

patches (20) It is essential that you make the most of your

current determination Good luck

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 4S

2 Rewrite the sentences using the prompts 2 Complete the conversations with the correct

Its Annas birthday tomorrow so I should buy her a card

(d better) ________________

2 Guests shouldnt leave valuables in their room

(advised not) ________________

3 You can only smoke in designated areas

(Smoking permitted)____________

4 Im sure hell pass the exam Hes so clever (bound) _________________

5 You cant use dictionaries in this exam (The use of

dictionaries allowed)_____________

6 People under 18 shouldnt buy cigarettes

(supposed)_____---------- shy

7 Travellers to the States need a visa

(required)_________________

8 I expect youll find it difficult to learn Arabic

(likely) ________________

9 I cant come out I said Id help Jane

(promised) _________________

10 I wasnt allowed to go out until I was eighteen

(parents let) _______________

Modal verbs of probability 5 Present probability 1 Respond to the statements or questions using the words

in brackets Put the verb in its correct form

Harry is packing his suitcase (must go on holiday)

flt MUst be going on holiday

2 Jenny looks really unhappy (must miss best friend)

3 Whos at the front door (will Tom)

4 Wheres Kate Its nearly lunchtime (cant still sleep)

5 Why are all the lights on in their house (could have guests)

6 James has been working all night (must deadline to meet)

7 Its been raining all night (might difficult drive work)

8 Timmy cant find his little sister (may hide in the garden)

46 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

form of the verbs in brackets

1 A You really ( 1) (should go) to bed now or you (2) _______

____ (might feel) tired tomorrow 8 Ill go in a minute I (3) ______

_____ (must finish) this revision

first A You (4) ______ (will pass) the

exam easily Get some rest now

2 A Its five past eleven Ken and Cathys plane (5) (should touch down) at Riyadh Airport right now

S Your watch (6) _______

(must be) slow Its nearly half past A It (7) (can not be)

Ive just had it repaired

3 A Bring very warm clothes It (8) __________

(could snow) when we arrive B Oh yes Ive heard it (9) _____

_ ____( can snow) in the

mountains even in summer

4 A What are all those people doing with those lights and cameras

B They(10) ________

(must make) a film A Whos the leading man B Not sure It (11) _______

(might be) him over there And do you think that shes the leading lady

A She(12)-------- shy(could be) Shes certainly beautiful

enough

need 6 need

__ Need can work like a normal verb or a modal auxiliary verb

It usually has the forms of an ordinary verb +

infinitive with to She needs to go to bed Does she need to p to bed She doesnt need to go to bed

2 It is used as a modal verb mainly in the negative She neednt go to bed yet

But can sometimes be used as aquestion Need Igo to bed

3 Need + -ing = need + passive infinitive The car needs fixing The car needs to be fixed

Mark the sentences with M when need is used as a modal verb and V when need is used as an ordinary verb

1 D I need to go home 2 D You neednt come if you dont want to 3 D Ian doesnt need to pass all his exams to

get a place at university

4 D Money is desperately needed to protect the worlds endangered species

5 D Need I pay now or can I pay later 6 0 If you have any problems you only need to

tell us and well try to help

7 0 The garden needs watering 8 0 Leave the washing-up You neednt do it now

2 Choose the correct verb Sometimes two are correct

I mustnt neednt dont have to do this exercise but it might help

2 You mustnt neednt dont have to think Im always this irritable Ive just had a bad day

3 We mustnt neednt dont have to book a table The restaurant wont be busy tonight

4 Do you really must need to have to go now Cant you stay a bit longer

5 You mustnt dont need to dont have to eat all your vegetables Just have the carrots

6 Have I must need to got to ring and confirm my room reservation

7 My bike needs must has to replacing Look at the state of it

Vocabulary 7 Money 1 Match the words or expressions in B with a word or

expression in either A or C

C 1- shy

8A -

I opened--- -

will take ages -asavings account

My deposit account to payoffIchanged

His bills is good just nowHe accumulated debts of pound2000 r- is overdrawn

She contributes Inflation expires at theIearned pound2000 to the household bills end of July in interest went up by 2

My credit card some travellers cheques

The exchange rate

2 Read the story and choose the most suitable words

It

) Ben stood at the (1) check-in A

check-out at the supermarket as the

ft ~

assistant (2) summed added up his

(3) bill fees It came to pound7267 and she

asked him how he would like to (4) pay cost

Ben didnt have much money in his deposit account

because he hadnt been paid his monthly (5) wages salary

yet so if he paid (6) by cheque in cash he would be

(7) overdrawn overdue Then he realized he had left

his (8) credit card travellers cheques at home And he

couldnt afford to pay (9) cash money because he

only had pound60

The shop assistant told him that if he exchanged

many of the items he had bought for the shops

own brand he would (10) reduce accumulate

his bill by as much as 2500 So Ben set off

round the store again

His new bill (11) added came to only pound5650

- a (12) saving discount of pound1617 Ben got

pound350 (13) change coins from his pound60 and

his new (14) receipt recipe

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 47

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 4

1 Type 4 phrasal verbs have a verb + adverb + preposition The preposition has an object

Do you get on with your neighbours Weve run out ofsugar

2 The word order cannot change Do you get on with them

NOT 96 ytJtJ get 611 them with Weve run out ofit

NOT Weve ftIfJ eut it ef

3 Dictionaries show type 4 phrasal verbs by giving both the adverb and the preposition

get away with 5th

4 Sometimes a phrasal verb can be type 4 or type 1 Dictionaries show this

get on (with 5b) They got on well after five years working together They didnt get on with their noisy neighbours

I dont get on with my cousin

Paul

GETTING ON WITH

Complete the sentences with the combinations in the box

away with offwith (x 2) up for up with out of on with (x 2) out with (x 2) down on~

Joey Youve got a very guilty look on your face What naughty things have you been getting up to this time

2 The burglar broke into the house and made _____ a lot of jewellery

3 We must try to cut the amount of money we spend a month We spend more than we earn

4 Dont let me disturb you Carry your work

S Im sorry we didnt get into the cinema Ill take you to a restaurant to make it Does that cheer you up

6 There is a move in Britain to do cash transactions completely so that everyone uses a credit or debit card instead

7 Sams mean with money and hes always trying to get paying his fair share of the bills for the flat

8 I went _____Aimee for a pizza and then

she suddenly went my money I couldnt pay the bill

9 I cant stand my boss I cant put his rudeness a minute longer Im getting a new job

10 Judiths a very difficult person to get shy ____ Shes always having rows with people and falling _____ them

Judiths a very difficult person

We just dont

48 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

bull bull bull

listening 9 Not getting on

1 IDI Listen to the conversation and choose the best answer

Sophies annoyed 4 Anya wants Sophie to about 0 a 0 leave a 0 her friend b 0 be nice to her b 0 the evening c 0 tell her to stop it cD her boss

5 Sophie 2 Charlenes a D agrees to this

a D ignored her b 0 doesnt want to because b 0 been mean to her they are good friends c D laughed at her c 0 wants things to get

magically better 3 Charlenes

6 After talking to Annie a D out of work Sophie feels b 0 having problems

at work a 0 miserable

c 0 looking for a b 0 more cheerful new job cD annoyed

2 IDI Listen again and complete these sentences

Understatement

Im just thats all

2 She made remarks this evening

3 Shes been having recently

4 Its getting me I must say

S Our friendship lately

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers Find some examples of exaggeration

Pronunciation 10 Consonant dusters

English has many words with groups (or clusters) of consonants

happened Ihrepndl couldnt Ikodntl puzzles IpAzlzl

lUI Say these words from Unit 7 aloud and then transcribe them They all have consonant clusters

2

IdAZntl

IJodntl

7

8

IspeJII

Idremd3dl

3

4

5

6

ImAsntl

IpromIstl

Istrreptl

Idlstll)ktlil

9

10

11

12

IfIlelJnJlpl

IkAmftdbl1

IIksaltmdntl

IImprestl

11 Sentence stress liD Alan and Kevin are chatting about Frank Read the conversation aloud and mark the stress in Kevins responses

1 Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of

weight recently

Kevin Youre kidding If anything hes lost weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me

Kevin Well I know he earns a lot more than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a second-hand

Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a

brand new one

4 Alan

Kevin

Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are

designer labels

5 Alan

Kevin

Does Frank have many stocks and shares

He has loads of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin No in fact hes in Florida on holiday

7 Alan

Kevin

His new car is a big white Mercedes

Really The car I saw him in was a sporty little

Mercedes

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 49

Relative clauses Participles

Going to extremes

Defining and non-defining relative clauses Grammar Reference 81 Students Book p149

General knowledge quiz Test your general knowledge Tick () the correct answer

~ ~ - - - ~ - -~ - -

middot G~ne~pl K~~wledg~ QuJ~J)nmiddot ~_ - - _--~~_~~ ~lJJ_ t-lbt _)fA

extremes 1 Death Valley

a D which is in Arizona

b D which is in California

c D which is in Texas is officially the hottest place on Earth

2 Concorde was a D the fastest plane that has ever flown

b D the longest plane that has ever flown

c D the only commercial plane that could go faster than sound

3 Belgian Georges Simenon a D who was author of the Maigret detective stories 6 The highest waterfall in the world which is called

b D who was author ofthe Poirot detective stories a 0 the Angel Falls

e D who was author of the Philip Marlow detective stories b 0 the Niagara Falls

wrote over 450 books - the most prolific author e 0 the Victoria Falls

last century is in Venezuela

4 Kilimanjaro is a mountain in Tanzania 7 Bambuti pygmies who only live in the African rainforesta D which is also the highest summit in AtTica and Asia a 0 are the tallest people in the worldb D which is also the highest summit in AtTica b D are the smallest people in the worlde D which is also the highest summit in the world e 0 are the thinnest people in the world

5 The tallest building that was built last century was 8 The driest place on Earth is the Atacama Deserta D the Sears tower in Chicago

a 0 which is in Egyptb D the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur b 0 which is in Europee D the lin Mao building in Shanghai e 0 which is in Chile

50 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

2 Defining or non-defining Decide if these sentences are best completed with a defining relative clause (D) or a non-defining relative clause (ND) Write Dor ND in the boxes

1 c=J Id love to meet someone _______

2 c=J Were looking for a house _______

3 C=J We went to see Romeo and Juliet _____

4 c=J Do you know a shop _________

5 c=J Abraham Lincoln - ________

________died at the theatre

6 cJ I find people difficult to

get on with

7 cJ My computer ___________

is already out of date

8 c=J I met a girl ____________

9 cJ Professor James Williams _______

_______ will give a talk next week

10 cJ I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich ___

2 l1li Complete the sentences in exercise 1with this information Add a relative pronoun and commas where necessary Leave out the relative pronoun if possible

You went to school with her

I ate it immediately

It has four bedrooms

I bought it just last year

They lose their temper

It sells second-hand furniture

He was President of the United States

This person could teach me how to cook

I really enjoyed it

Many people consider him to be the worlds expert on volcanoes

3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun Add commas to these sentences if they have a non-defining relative clause Cross out the pronoun if possible in the defining relative clauses

Sheila who I first got to know at university was one of six children

2 The man wIw you were talking to is a famous artist

3 This is the story that amazed the world (no change)

4 The thing that I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 The town where I was born has changed dramatically

7 I didnt like the clothes which were in the sale

8 Salt that comes from the sea is considered to be the best for cooking

9 Salt whose qualities have been known since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD that I bought yesterday doesnt work

11 The part of Europe where Id most like to live is Portugal

12 The Algarve where my mothers family comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 51

4 All relative pronouns Match a line in A with a line in B

A B - - shy

Have I told you recently when you expect to arrive

2 I have to do where my brother lives

3 We were stuck in traffic for which came as abit of a surprise seven hours whose hair came down to

4 Were emigrating to Canada her waist

S I met agirl how much I miss you

6 I passed all my exams whatever you want

7 Let me know which was anightmare

8 Being generous Ill buy you what I believe to be right

2 Complete the sentences with a relative pronoun If the pronoun can be omitted add nothing

The lady is sitting in the wheelchair is my grandmother

2 I know an Italian restaurant ___ serves excellent pasta

3 I know an Italian restaurant you can always get a table

4 Uncle Tom earns a fortune ___ is why rve asked him to lend me pound 1 000

5 Sean is a child ___ people immediately like

6 My daughter ambition is to emigrate to Australia has finally got her visa

7 I gave him a glass of water he drank thirstily

8 The flight we wanted to get was fully booked

9 My aunties house is the place I feel most at home

10 This is the smallest car has ever been made

11 Thats the man wife got angry with him because he kept his motorbike in their bedroom

12 I love the stories you wrote for me

13 I go shopping at the new shopping centre ___ theres always free parking

14 She told me shed been widowed ___I didnt realize

15 ___ you do dont touch that button The machine will explode

5 Prepositions in relative clauses Combine the sentences keeping the preposition after the verb in the relative clause

I want you to meet the people 1 work with them

Iwant you to meet the people work with

2 Shes a friend I can always rely on her

3 Thats the man The police were looking for him

4 She recommended a book by Robert Palmer rd never heard of him

5 You paid pound400 for a suit It has been reduced to pound200 The suit ______________

6 This is the book I was telling you about it

7 The college Principal gave a good speech I agree with his views

8 He spoke about the environment I care deeply about this

9 Whats that music Youre listening to it

10 My mother died last week I looked after her for many years

52 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Participles Grammar Reference 82 Students Book p150

6 Participles as adjectives Complete the adjectives with -ed or -ing

a shockmg story

2 a reserved seat

3 screalll-- children

4 a satisL- customer

7 Participle clauses 1 Rewrite the sentences with a present or past participle clause instead

of a relative clause

Can you see the woman whos dressed in red over there

Can you see the woman dressed in red over there

2 People who live in blocks of flats often complain of loneliness

3 Letters that are posted before 5 pm should arrive the next day

4 The train that is standing on platform 5 is for Manchester

5 a disgust--- meal 5 Firemen have rescued passengers who were trapped in the accident

6 a confus __ explanation

7 a house in an expoamp-- position 6 They live in a lovely house that overlooks the River Thames

8 a concei~ person

9 a frighteI1- film 7 It took workmen days to clear up the litter that was dropped by the crowds

10 an exhausL-- walk

11 disappoint--- exam results

12 a tir __ journey

13 an unexpecL- surprise

14 disturb__ news

15 a thril~ story

16 a rel3X-- holiday

17 a disappoinL- customer

18 well-behav__ children

19 a promiamp-- start

20 a cake load __ with calories

2 Complete the sentences with a verb from the box in either its present or past participle form

feel borrow explain say ftfffl study finish take know steal

1 Jo was in a bad mood for the whole week completely ruining our holiday

2 After her exams Maggie went out to celebrate

3 Jewellery in the robbery has never been recovered

4 I got a letter from the Tax Office that lowe them pound1000

5 _____ hungry I decided to make myself a sandwich

6 Books _____ from the library must be returned in two weeks

7 Not what to do she burst out crying

8 I had a long talk to Jack why it was important for him to work hard

9 everything into consideration Ive decided to give you a second chance

10 With both children _____at university the house seems really quiet

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 53

------ ------ -- ------ ------ -- --- ----- -- ------ -- ------ -- -- -- --- -------------------- ------- ---- ----

Revision of relatives and participles 8 The thri II seeker

II1D Read and complete the article with the clauses in the box

Relative clause

a where temperatures drop to -7tC

b who battles with

c who sees that as achallenge

d that nature ever invented

e in which there is a lake of boiling lava

f where everyone else is

g no-one has done before

h youve never heard of before

which unexpectedly develops

Past participle

j otherwise known as

k Trapped for five days

Present participle

I before heading for the high winds

m starting this Monday on the Discovery Channel

n getting right inside the 150mph winds

-

He laughs in the face of common sense He is DANGERMAN It helps to be fearless

So says Dangennan (1) __ extreme adventure cameraman Geoff Mackley

(2) __ some of the most inhospitable weather conditions and desolate

places (3) __ What drives the New Zealander to do it

There arent many places left where no-one has ever been or things (4) __

and Im one of those people (5) __ I he says

See for yourself in his series of adventures (6) __

EPISODE 1 The Perfect Storm bull Dangerman chases after major typhoons first in Asia (7) __ of North Carolina and

finally (8) __ of Hurricane Isabel

EPISODE 2 The Deep Freeze bull In the coldest town on earth in Northern Siberia (9) __ Dangerman and extreme

survival expert Mark Whetu become the first people to camp outside

EPISODE 3 The Craters Edge bull Dangerman climbs down into avolcano (lO) __ and gets caught in a tropical storm

(II) __ into acyclone (12) __ with no food or water he survives torrential rain l violent winds and clouds of toxic gas

bull Dangerman says Who wants to be (13) __ Its the thrit of finding aplace (14) __

More people have landed on the moon than have been to these places I

~================

54 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Vocabulary 9 People places and things

Complete the table with these descriptive adjectives Put six in each group

oospeHt stubborn breathtaking thrilled spoilt aggressive picturesque automatic hand-made deserted exhausted accurate waterproof desolate long-lasting priceless easy-going overcrowded

People Places Things

ungpoilt

2 Complete the sentences with an adjective from exercise 1

The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely _____

fantastic scenery as far as the eye could see

2 These flowers are quite if you keep the vase full of water and in the shade

3 The new car we bought is fully I dont want to change gears when Im driving any more

4 Youre good to be on holiday with Youre very _____

and dont worry about anything

5 The countryside we camped in was completely _____ not a person a gift shop or a caravan site for miles

6 The Cotswolds is an area in England which is very _____

It has Jots of pretty old-fashioned villages and beautiful green countryside

7 Their child is really _____ He wont do a thing they tell him

I think its because hes They give him everything he asks for

8 That bag youre looking at is _____ Look at the quality of

the work

9 The beach was seriously There was no room to put our towels down So we hired a boat and sailed along the coast until we found a tiny one which was completely We were the only ones on it

10 Nouns in groups

look at these examples of number +

noun + noun athree-mile walk asixteen-rear-old girl aten-hour flight

These are expressions of measurement before a noun The number and the first nOlln are joined with a hyphen and the first noun is usually in the singular

Put the information before the noun

1 a note that is worth ten pounds

2 a language course that lasts four weeks

3 a drive that takes three hours

4 a meal that consists of three courses

5 a holiday that lasts two weeks

6 a delay at the airport that went on for two hours

7 a letter that goes on for ten pages

8 a university course that takes three years

9 a prison sentence of ten years

10 a hotel with five stars

11 a speed limit of 30 miles an hour

12 a house that was built two hundred years ago

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 55

Prepositions 11 Adjective + preposition

Complete these sentences with the correct preposition

Are you afraid the dark

2 She was angry me not telling her the news

3 Dubai is famous its architecture

4 Bill is jealous me because Im cleverer than him

5 Im very proud __ my two daughters

6 Im disappointed you I thought I could

trust you

7 Youre very different ___ your brother I thought youd be similar e(1ch other

8 Are you excited ___ going on holiday

9 Visitors to Britain arent used --- driving on the left

10 Visitors to hot countries need to be aware --- the risk of malaria

11 You should be ashamed what you did

12 I am most grateful --- all your help

13 Who is responsible ___ this mess

14 Whats wrong --- you You dont look well

15 My son is crazy ___ a rock group called

The Hives

Pronunciation 12 Silent consonants 1 English words often have silent consonants

~no~ fvrite walk clim~

l1li Complete the table with these words Cross out the silent consonants

fflEfttstty executive h6rtffi inhabitant receipt distinctly rebuilt fasten eccentric insect lamp sumptuous exhausted whistle straight anonymous citizen fascinating delighted documentary landscape temperature business debt

II A B all consonants pronounced some consonants

not pronounced 1shy

indumv lWned

2 DB Write these words They all have silent consonants

1 Isal~n tJflkl 6 naltme~1

2 Isalkol~03Istl 7 Iklalml

3 hrens~ml 8 lgrrenfoo~1

4 InsitI 9 lwenzdeII

5 IkwalJI LO Ikoml

56 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

vV ~

Expressing habit get and be

Things aint what they used to be

Present and past habit Grammar Reference Students Book p150

Present habit 2 Past habit Match a sentence in A with a sentence in B 1 Complete the sentences with the correct

form of used to positive question or negativeA 8

1shy -1 D Shes really generous

2 D Hes so disorganized 3 D Shes very fashionable

4 D Hes so dishonest 5 D Shes so sensitive

6 D Hes really stubborn

7 0 Shes so rude

8 0 Theyre so spoilt 9 0 Shes very energetic

10 0 Hes very ambitious

a

b

c

d

e f

g h

Hes always applying for new jobs

She never thinks before she speaks

He wont ever change his mind

Shes always buying me presents

Hes always telling lies Shell only wear designer clothes

He never finishes anything he starts Shell start crying at the slightest thing

They get everything they ask for

She jogs to work every day

There _____ be a beautiful old building where that car park is now

2 have a Saturday job when you were at school

3 She be so moody Its only since she lost her job

4 _____ play cricket when you were at school

S My grandfather never _____ get so out of breath when he climbed the stairs

2 Write more sentences like those in column B above Use either the Present Simple always + Present Continuous or will 6 Julie be as slim as she is

now Shes been dieting Shes very fussy about her food ~he Hever eats aHvtfljng you make forher 7 Where go out to eat when 2 Hes really arrogant

you lived in Madrid 3 She adores ice-cream

8 smoke 60 cigarettes a day 4 He hates all sport How did you give up

S Theyre shopping mad

6 Hes a real computer nerd )ad jou I~ot UJ 0)

0w Clj s 0 sec t-o a 0 V 3 f u V 5-asf-e(

7 Shes a telly addict

tmiddotM e a lt3 0 8 Hes really easy-going tA at

9 Their children are very rude

10 Hes very kind

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 57

2 Which of the verb forms can complete the sentences below Tick (I) all possible answers

___ long blonde hair when I was first married

a0had b[Z]used to have cDwould have

2 We ___ Auntie Jean every time we went to London

a0 visited b0 used to visit cDwould visit

3 Pam ___ in a bank for six months but then she got an amazing new job

aD worked b Dused to work cDwould work

4 We coffee and croissants every morning for breakfast

a D had b D used to have cD would have

S We to each other every day when we were apart

aD wrote bDused to write cDwould write

6 He to me for 2S years and then stopped

a Dwrote b Dused to write c Dwould write

7 In the old days people you if you were in trouble

aDhelped bDused to help cDwouid help

8 living so close to the sea

a D loved bD used to love cDwould love

9 Dave Mike three times if he wanted to go to the match with him

aD asked b D used to ask cDwould ask

10 I questions in class I was too shy

a D never asked bD never used to ask cDwould never ask

sa Unit 9

3 Annoying behaviour 1 Tick (I) the sentences where the speaker is annoyed by

someones behaviour

D He watches all the sports programmes on TV 2 D Hes always watching sports programmes on TV

3 D Shed give us extra lessons after school 4 D She would give us extra lessons after school S D She was always giving us extra lessons 6 D She used to give us extra lessons

7 D The cat always sleeps on the sofa 8 D The cat will sleep on the sofa

9 D The cats always sleeping on the sofa

2 Rewrite the sentences so that they express a criticism

My familys bad habits

1 My dad mends his motorbike in the living room

2 My brother leaves the top off the toothpaste

3 My sister often borrows my clothes without asking

4 Uncle Tom smokes cigars in the kitchen

5 My grandpa used to eat toast in bed

6 My grandma didnt use to turn on her hearing aid

4 getandbe

1 Compare these sentences

Dont worry Youll soon getUHd to working such long hours tam used to working long hours rve done it for years

He eventuallygot used to the tropical climate but it took a long time t was born in India so fm uslaquol to ahot climate

Get used to means become used to and describes a change of state Be used to describes a state

2 Get can be used with other past participles and adjectives to describe changes of state

The seas pttingrough Lets go back

We got lost on the mountain

We got married last week

3 Get can sometimes be used with an infinitive to talk about a gradual change

As I got to know Paris Istarted to like itmore and more r m sure the kids will soon get to like each other

The change doesnt have to be gradual It can be sudden

Shell be furious ifshe gets tohear about this

Complete the sentences with used to be used to or get used to in the correct form positive or negative

If you Indian food this dish might be too spicy for you

2 Ill never your hair that short Youll have to grow it again

3 A How do you drive in all this traffic

B I it now so its OK But it took me a while to all the cars lanes and bad tempers believe me

4 Tom didnt like his new school at first but he

eventually it and made new friends

5 I jog every morning but I dont any more Im so unfit now

6 When I was a boy I like going to

piano lessons so I stopped Now Im in my forties Ive started learning again

7 Sally wont find it easy to go on a diet She _____ having three spoonfuls of sugar in her tea and coffee

8 A I hate my new job

B Give it a chance You may _____ it after

youve been there a bit longer

9 ____you watch old cowboy films

on the TV when you were young

lOA ____ you your new teacher

yet I know you didnt like her much at first

B Well I have a bit Shes OK I suppose

2 Complete the sentences with get or be in the correct form and a word or expression from the box

better ready (x 2) dressed dark tired to like to know a pilot lost upset married

I often when I watch the news Such awful things are happening in the world

2 A How are you feeling

B I slowly but I still feel weak

3 My little nephew is determined ______

when he grows up

4 A Come on Helen The play starts in half an hour

B I in two minutes I just --____ and putting my shoes on

A I dont know why it takes you so long I ______ since 600

5 A Do we turn right or left at the next junction

B Ive no idea I think we ______

6 A Did you hear that Sue and Chris

B Well I always thought they would make a perfect couple

7 I didnt use to like Mick at all but the more I - _____ him the more I ______

him Now hes my best friend

8 Can we stop walking for a minute I need a rest 1______

9 In England in summer it is still light at 900 in the evening but in winter it at 500

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 59

5 Henrys pound45 million secret 1 Read the story of Henry WardleWhich of the

verbs in italics

can change to both would or used to 2 can change only to used to 3 must stay in the Past Simple

Put the correct number 1-3 next to the letters

Henrys pound45 million secret The villagers in Middleton Yorkshire often (a) __

worried about poor old Henry Wardle Henry 86

(b) __ lived alone except for his ancient cat Tiddles

in a tiny one-bedroomed cottage and always (c) __

asked for credit when buying cat food in the local shop

Then last month Henry (d) __ died leaving 45 million

pounds in his will The truth was that Henry was a

multi-millionaire and he (e) __ owned houses all

over the country from which he (f) __ made a fortune in

rent All this came as a complete shock to his neighbours

They believed that Henry (g) __ was a poor window

cleaner and indeed he often (h) __ entertained them

with tales from his window-cleaning days

However his brother Mr Sam Wardle 82 said that

this was all nonsense Henry had never been a window

cleaner but had started work at the age of fourteen as a

bricklayer Then when he was 30 he (i) _ bought his

first house and after that he frequently (j) _ bought

and sold houses Sam says that his brothers only interest

was making money but he (k) __ hated spending it He

(1) -- didnt spend a penny of his own money unless he

had to Henry never once (m) __ had a holiday but for

many years he (n) _ had a fiancee a lady called Betty

Barraclough but he (0) __ decided not tomiddotmarry her

because a wife was too expensive

Henry (p) _left his pound45000000 to Tiddles and a

local cat charity His friends and family received nothing

2 Here are some sentences about Henry Complete them with one suitable word from the box

use used(x2) would didnt to always never

The villagers _____ to believe all Henrys lies

2 The shopkeeper _____ frequently give Henry credit

3 Henrys neighbours were used _____ hearing stories about his work as a window cleaner

4 In fact he _______ use to work as a window cleaner

S He liked making money but he didnt ______ to like spending it

6 Sam must have got to his brothers mean ways over the years

7 Henry was buying and selling houses

8 Henry used to go on holiday

60 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Phrasal verbs 8 Phrasal verbs and nouns that go together 1 Some phrasal verbs have a strong association with certain

objects set out on a journey work out the solution to a problem Match a verb with an object There may be more than one answer but there is one that is best

10 come up with a someone you respect 20 break into b a naughty child 30 breakoff c aproblem acomplaint adifficult customer 40 telloff d the other people in the group

50 bringup e a university course after one year 60 counton f asolution to aproblem 70 dealwith g your best friend to help you 80 drop out of h children to be honest and hard-working 90 fit in with ahouse aflat to steal something

10 0 look up to j afact that someone might not be aware of 11 0 point out k what Isaid -I didnt mean it 12 0 take back an engagement

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb from exercise 1

The thieves _____ the warehouse and stole goods worth pound20000

2 He his elder sister because she always seemed so wise and experienced

3 I accused you of being mean the other day 1___

it all Im sorry

4 I hadnt noticed that the living room was a different colour until someone it to me

5 Scientists will have to new methods of increasing the worlds food supply

6 She Tom because he hit his sister

7 You have a problem with your order madam Ill just get someone to it for you

8 I had a new student today He seems very nice Im sure hell the rest of the class just fine

9 Why did you university after just one term What are you going to do now

10 Im running for President I hope I can - ____ your support

11 My parents me _____ to finish all the food on my plate

12 Charles is miserable Penelope their engagement last week for some reason

62 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Listening 9 A small disagreement

1 lID Listen to the conversation and choose the best answers to these questions

What are the people arguing about a D Nick doesnt want Fiona to watch a sitcom

on TV

b D Fiona thinks Nicks TV detective programmes are rubbish

c D Nick and Fiona cant agree on which TV programmes to watch these days

2 How do they resolve their disagreement a D Theyre going to watch a detective

programme together

b D They are going to rent more DVDs c D Nick is going to watch a sitcom with Fiona

2 Tick (I) the phrases you hear for making a point

1 0 The point is that 2 0 If you want my opinion bull 3 D Another thing is that 4 0 To tell you the truth bull 5 0 As far as Im concerned 6 0 Ifyou ask me 7 0 Thats not the point 8 0 The point Im trying to make is that 9 D I suppose the problem is that

10 D But the main point is that

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers

Pronunciation 10 Weak and strong forms

lID Auxiliary verbs have weak and strong forms depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed

1 Sometimes the weak form is a contraction he is = hes she does not shedoesnt Ihavenot =Ihavent

2 Sometimes the weak form is a change in the vowel sound This is often a change to I~

Weak Strong Weak to It)l Itu1 for If)l

of I)vi lovl from Ifr)m

at l~tI lretl

Stronl IfJI

Ifroml

-

was

Weak Iw)zi Was Tom there

Strong

Iwozi Yes he was

were Iw~1

Were you there IW31 Yes we were

can Ik~nl

Can you swim keen (cant =kontJ) Yes Iean

been Ibml rve been shopping

Ibinl Where have you been

Some prepositions also have weak and strong vowel sounds

lID all auxiliaries and prepositions with weak vowel sounds Underline all those with strong vowels

1 IQwant see him but I sure you want to

2 She isnt going to learn from this experience but

he is

3 Ive heard that youre thinking of moving from

London Are you

4 They have dinner at seven dont they

5 Youll be able to get a ticket for me wont you

6 Ive got no idea who this letters from

7 Cant you remember who Bill used to work for

8 Ive been waiting for you to come Where were you

9 Wed been looking forward to coming for ages then

at the last minute we werent able to

lO Wont you sit down for a couple of minutes

2 l1li Read the telephone conversation between two friends and transcribe As lines Add punctuation to make the meaning clear

A wot ~ ju dUIJ) ~t ~~ wikend

B I havent decided yet

A WI~ g~ulJ) t~ skotl~nd dju won~ kAm tu

B Id love to Where are you staying

A wiv dlsaldld t~ kremp nAn ~v AS k~n ~f~d t~ pel f~r~ h~otell

B Camping in Scotland in October Youll be freezing cold

A n~u wi w~unt wiv got strolJ tents lots ~v w~m kl~uz ~n fhk sliplTJ bregz

B Have you checked the weather forecast

A Jv klS wi hrev ~nd Its pnti w~m f~r Dkt~ub~

B OK then Itll be quite an adventure

A eks~l~nt ad tel 01 AOOZ red bi dIlaltoo WI~1 plk ju Ap ~t slks on fraldeI si jo ~en gudball

B Bye

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel 63

Revision of modals Grammar Reference Students Book p151

Present to past Rewrite the sentences to make them refer to the past

I must post the letters

Ihad to pod the letter~

2 I have to take the pills three times a day

3 They must be away on holiday

4 We cant see the top of the mountain

5 He cant be a millionaire

6 We mustnt shout in the classroom

7 He wont go to bed

8 That will be John on the phone

9 You should be more careful

10 You could help with the washing-up for a change

Modal auxiliary verbs in the past

Risking tife and limb

Modal verbs of probability 2 How certain 1 0IiI Decide on the degree of certainty in these sentences Put two ticks

(~I) if the idea expressed is certain Put one tick (I) if it is less certain

1 [ZZJ You must have seen him at the cinema I know he was there 2 [lJ The boy is really dirty He might have swum in the lake 3 cJ He cant have been telling the truth 4 cJ He might have left a message on your mobile S cJ I dont know where she is She may have gone shopping 6 cJ She must have been very upset when you told her the news 7 c=J Theyre not answering their phone They must have gone away already 8 cJ I dont see their car They cant have come back yet 9 c=J Its six oclock Tom will have gone home by now

10 cJ Michael isnt here - he might have thought you werent coming and gone to the cinema by himself

11 CJ I could have cancelled the meeting if Id known earlier 12 cJ Ianll be back soon Its Friday Hell have gone to the shop after work

2 Make sentences from the table

can If I go to India I will see the

If I went to India I may might

Taj Mahal

have seen the If Id gone to India I would Taj Mahal

could

1 2 ________________________~

3

4

5 ______~~~~~~ __~---

64 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

3 Past probability I Write sentences for the situations below using the 2 Write sentences for the situations below using the

information in the box information in the box in the perfect infinitive passive

He

She

They

must have

cant have

might have

cut it

gone

mislaid

arrived home

got engaged

had

been doing

been making

acake

guests last night

to Andy

something naughty

for ages

without me

by now

my number

watered by the wind

It

They

must have been

cant have been

washed

hit

blown down

by astone

properly

recently

repaired while we were away

dry-cleaned with something red

1 Stellas wearing a beautiful diamond ring

2 Look at the length of the grass in Bills garden

3 The children ran away laughing and giggling

4 Theres flour on grandmas nose

5 Paulo and Geri said theyd wait for me but I cant see them

6 Klauss flat is so clean and tidy

7 Its after midnight Henri and Sally left ages ago

8 I dont know why Tara didnt ring

1 A tree has fallen across the road

2 My white jeans have turned pink

3 My TV has broken and Ive only just had it fixed

4 Davids suit looks a bit dirty now

5 All the flowers in the garden have died

6 The car windscreen is broken

~MEONt MU5T ~VE PLANTED THeM THERE

Unrr 10 bull Risking life and limb 65

4 Past modals of deduction Complete the conversations with the correct form of the verbs in brackets

A I wonder how the thief got into our apartment

B He ( 1) (could use) the fire escape or he

(2) (might climb up) that tree

A Well he (3) ______ (need not bother) Theres

nothing to steal

2 A Bill told me that hed spent pound2000 on a birthday present for

his wife but he (4) (must joke) Surely

he (5) (can not spend) that much

B I think you (6) ______ (might mishear) him

3 A Its three thirty Mum and Dads plane landed over an hour

ago They (7) (should phone)

B They (8) (may be delayed) No

look Theyre driving up now You (9) ______

(need not worry)

4 A Youre very sunburnt You (10)______ (should

not burn) if youd used your factor 30 suncream

B I (11) (must fall) asleep And

1(12) ______ (can not put on) enough cream

Ouch

5 Past modals - various uses Choose the correct answer

Im sorry I shouldnt have couldnt have told Tom what you said about him

2 A Wheres the cat

B Dont know He may have II have gone into the garden

A No I remember Its Tuesday isnt it Mum should have II have taken him to the vet

3 A Are Pat and Jan definitely coming Id have might have thought theyd have arrived by now

B They should have could have been held up by traffic dont you think

A Or they might have neednt have had an accident

B Dont be silly Anyway wed have must have heard by now if something like that had happened

A Well I neednt have mustnt have prepared lunch so early And I think they should have may have rung if they knew they were going to be late

4 A Who was that man

B He cant have must have been a friend of Jims He was asking if rd seen him

The Famous Three ~

Young friends

rescue fall

victim in the

nick of time

6 The Famous Three 1 Read the article and choose the correct answers

The article is called The Famous Three because

a D the children are now famous after rescuing the woman

b 0 the children are similar to another group ofchildren in an adventure story

2 Mrs Hauton the injured woman had been in the woods for

a D twenty-four hours

b D two nights

3 In hospital Mrs Hauton

a D recognized and thanked the children b D had difficulty remembering the

accident

2 Complete the article putting the modals and verbs in brackets in the past Sometimes you need to use the continuous infinitive

66 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

Im sure that the fictional Famous Five invented by

childrens story writer Enid Blyton (1)______

(will be) proud of these three children

The three young friends were walking in the

woods when they saw a hand mysteriously poking

through the undergrowth and decided to investigate

Alison Bailey 15 followed her brother Simon and

his friend Liam Stone both 11 into the bushes and

found an injured woman She (2) _____

(must lie) there for more than a day

Yesterday paramedics praised the children

for saving Mrs Hautons life They said she (3)

______(can not survive) another

night outside

It is believed that Mrs Hauton (4) ____~-

(may have) a seizure while out for a walk last

Wednesday She then (5) (must fall)

and slipped down the bank

Alison said The lady (6) ______

(can hear) us and reached her hand out But she

could hardly speak and she was shaking She

(7) (will get) very cold overnight

She kept repeating that she wanted to get up but

I said that she should stay still because she

(8) (can break) her back I kept

talking to her until the ambulance arrived I (9)

_____(must talk) non-stop for at least

half an hour

Simon and Liam added We were scared stitT at

first but we (10) (need not be) Then

we ran to call an ambulance Were glad we helped

She (11) (might die)

In true Enid Blyton style the three rescuers have

been to hospital to see Mrs Hauton who is indeed

recovering from back injuries and hypothermia Alison

said We popped in to see the lady at the weekend

She still wasnt sure why she was in hospital She

(12) (must be) very confused when she

woke up She looked a lot better though

Ambulanceman Gary Smart said The children

were very quick-thinking They did everything exactly

as they (13) (should do) And if

Mrs Hauton had spent any more time in the woods

it (14) (can be) fatal

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 67

Vocabulary 7 Revision body idioms ~ Complete the conversation with the correct form of body idioms from the box

head for business give her a hand face the fact heart-to-heart heart of gold hands full heart sharp tongue put a brave face pull my leg

A Hows your little sister getting on with your parents these days Better

B Yes a lot better They had a big (1) talk at the weekend and that helped

A So what was the problem then

B Well for one thing since I moved into my own flat Ive had my (2) with sorting it all out so I havent been home My sisters having to (3) that shes the only child left at home nowl Also my parents wanted her to go to university She tried but her (4) wasnt in it She wants to open her own shop

A Yes shes got a very good (5) hasnt she

B Yes shes always been good with money Anyway she told my parents that they were putting too much pressure on her

A Oh deart Your poor parents Shes always had a bit of a (6) hasnt she

B Yes but she doesnt really mean it Underneath she has a (7) Shes very kind really

A Oh I know But how did your parents react

B Well I think they (8) on it but they were really hurt Anyway she apologized And now - guess what Theyre all

going into business together I A What I dont believe it Youre (9) _____

B No its trUel Her shop opens in three months and my parents are going to (10) with running it

A Thats greatl

8 1

2

Physical appearance or personality Write these adjectives in the correct columns Careful One adjective can go in both columns

moody big-headed brainy graceful wrinkled qUick-thinking skinny nosy bald cheeky well-buitt narrow-minded affectionate smart curly hard-hearted

ILhyskal appearance Personality

Complete the sentences with the parts of the body in the box used as verbs

arm elbow eye foot hand head shoulder thumb

The teacher out the exam papers and told the class to begin writing

2 I managed to my way to the front of the crowd so I got a good view of the procession

3 I havent read the magazine yet I just _ ____through it to see if there were any interesting pictures

4 We all the new member of the class with curiosity We were eager to see what she was like

S They ordered the most expensive things on the menu because they knew that I -----thebill

6 In the final seconds of the match Benson _____the ball into the back of the net making it one-nil

7 Policemen with guns in many countries

8 Id hate to be Managing Director I dont think I could the responsibility of making so many important decisions

Prepositions 9 Verb + preposition

Complete the sentences with a verb in its correct form and a preposition

I ~

Verbs

thaAIE forgive -

Prepositions

into of -

accuse hide at on

trick

congratulate

hold

inherit

for

from

to

shout model

invite remind

He tltaftbtJ the nurse tor all her help

2 You me so much __ your

father You look just like him

3 Everyone me __ passing my driving test at the fourth attempt

4 My teenage daughter always _____

herself __ her latest pop idol Shes bought a jacket just like his

S Dont the truth __ me I want to know everything

6 He picked up the crying baby and --___her tightly __his chest

7 Weve_____ 300 guests __our

wedding

8 I think that TV ads people __ buying things that they dont really want

9 Ididnt_____apenny __ mygreat

uncle when he died

10 The spectators abuse __ the referee when he disallowed the goal

11 How can I ever _____ him__

telling me all those lies

12 by my employers __

stealing which I strongly denied

Pronunciation 10 Rhymes and limericks 1 om Make rhyming pairs with the words from the box

good chief court deaf fool mud height lose knew knows grieve put reign said pour weight wool

should ludl good leaf lifl

bread ledl taught I)tl

choose luzJ chef lefl

toes l~ozJ through lu1

hate leltl wore 1)1

tight laItl brain leml

full loll leave livl

pool lu11 foot loti

blood IAdl

2 OIIJ Limericks are short poems with a distinctive rhythm The lines rhyme AABBA Transcribe the lines written in phonetics in these two limericks

MY frientJ An exceedingly fat friend of mine

When asked at what hour hed dine ---~ Replied At hlev~n

At leri falv ~n sev~n

And eight and a Ikw)t~ pas nam

Ih e gour~et A gourmet dining at Crewe

Found a rather Ilad3 mausl in his stew

Said the waiter Dont IJauti

And Iwelvl it about

Or the rest will be wanting one tu

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 69

Hypothesis unless supposing in case

In your dreams

Real time or unreal time Grammar Reference Students Book plSl

Real or hypothetical past 1 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Simple Tick (I) those

that refer to real past time What do the others refer to

1 0 Did you see Lorenzo when you were in Italy 2 0 I wish I worked in the open air

3 0 If you didnt smoke you wouldnt cough so much 4 0 When we lived in London wed always travel by bus S 0 Id rather we lived in a small country town 6 0 Its time we had a new car

7 D If only you were always as happy as you are today 8 0 Why didnt you come to the coffee bar

2 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Perfect Tick (I) those that express reality and cross (X) those which dont

1 0 I wish Id said that 2 D She asked me if I had known him for a long time 3 0 If I hadnt been so nervous I would have passed the exam

4 0 If only youd arrived five minutes earlier SOl woke up and realized it had all been a terrible dream

6 0 What if they hadnt agreed to give you a pay rise

7 0 Had the water risen a bit more our house would have been flooded

8 0 She told me shed been given a car for her birthday

3 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb which expresses reality

I wish you didnt bite your nails but you do

2 I wish I earned more but I _____

3 I should have listened to their advice but I _____

4 If only I could speak Spanish but I _____

S If only he werent so selfish but he ---- shy

6 I wish my car would start but it _____

7 I wish you didnt argue all the time but you ---- shy

8 If only I hadnt been fired but I ---- shy

9 I wish I had a flat of my own but 1_____

70 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Wishes and regrets 2 Present and past wishes

1 Use the words from the columns to make as many correct and logical sentences as you can

were

I wish you I

could would

come rich

had

2 Choose the correct alternative in the following sentences Sometimes two are possible

1 I really wish I can could was able to speak another language

2 I wish it wasnt wouldnt be isnt so cold I hate the winter

3 Its time we have had have had a holiday

4 Our holiday was a disaster Id rather we didnt go hadnt gone werent going

S The play was brilliant after you left You should stay had stayed have stayed longer

6 I wish you dont speak didnt speak wouldnt speak so quickly I cant follow you

7 What were you doing on that wall Supposing youd had would have hadnt had an accident

8 Shed rather her grandchildren live lived had lived nearer Then she could see them more often

3 Expressions of regret 1 Rewrite the sentences so they have similar meanings

using the words in brackets

1 Im sorry I didnt invite him to lunch (wish)

2 Why werent you watching the road (should)

3 I regret saying that to her (If only)

4 I shouldnt have hit him (wish)

5 I dont want you to tell her ( d rather)

6 I dont like it when Meg stays out so late (wish)

7 I regret I didnt work harder for my exams (should)

2 Write sentences to express these peoples wishes and regrets Use the expressions from exercise 1

2

3 4

5 6

4 What I wish Id known IIJD Read the article and put one word from the box into each gap

What I wish Id known when Iwas 20

have would should wish only could

Annette Newman 43 MOTHER AND TEACHER

I (1) Id realized how much

Itook my mother for granted at that age

If (2) she (3) have

Itved to see me with my own children Im sure

she(4) have said I told you so

and Iwould (5) replied Sorry Mum

I (6) have listened to you more I

had no idea that being amother was such hard

work

imagine could unless have hadnt wouldnt had would

Simon Hewitt 55 ACCOUNTS MANAGER

Iwish I (7) ____ been so painfully

shy when Iwas in my teens and twenties

I (8J go out or do anything

(9) I really had to Ifonly someone

(10) have told me that I needed to

make myself go out and meet people and that it

(11) gradually get easier Ihave a

nice life now but (12) Iconquered

my shyness earlier (13) the life

Icould (14) had

if s realized could had hadnt

Jame Garner 31 LANDSCAPE GARDENER

I left school with no qualifications feeling an

academic failure Iwish I (15) known

then that I (16) have adecent career

in gardening It (17) time that more

young people [ 18) that success

can be achieved without passing exams And

(19J I (20) eventually

realized that my love ofptants could get me the

job of my dreams Iwould still be moving from

one dead-end job to another

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 71

----------

--------

Third conditional 1 iIID May Brown is a sales execu tive for a leading

cosmetics company Read about her disastrous day and complete the sentences below

A disastrous day for

May

L ast Sunday night May forgot to set her alarm clock so she overslept and was an hour late for

work Mays boss Ms Collins called her into the office and told her that because she was late again she couldnt go on a planned business trip to Dubai the following week Ms Collins said that shed decided to send a more reliable person May was so upset about missing her business trip that she locked herself in the ladies restroom and cried her heart out Also she completely forgot that she had arranged to meet her friend Nell for lunch at an Italian restaurant

Eventually she dried her eyes and returned to her desk She looked at her computer screen It was totally out of focus Had it broken She asked a colleague but he said that he couldnt see anything wrong with it Then May realized what had happened

The computermiddot was all right but she wasnt Shed lost one of her contact lenses in the restroom

At last the day ended Without her contact lens May had to get the bus home and leave her car at work because she couldnt see to drive She waited at the bus stop for over an hour in the pouring rain and didnt get home until 8 oclock There she was greeted by a message from Nell on her answering machine

72 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

May wouldnt have overslept if ________

2 Her business trip wouldnt have been cancelled if

3 If she hadnt been so upset she _______

restroom and she _______ Nell for lunch

4 If shed met Nell for lunch

5 If she hadnt cried so much ________

6 She could have driven home if

7 If shed driven home ___________

8 She wouldnt have caught cold if _______

9 Nell wouldnt have ended their friendship if___

10 If shed remembered to feed the cat ______

Nell was very angry and reminded May that this was the third time she had forgotten to meet her She said that she clearly didnt care about her and this was the end of their friendship May was heartbroken In tears for the second time that day she decided to go to bed before anything else could go wrong However she forgot to feed the cat

The next day with a streaming cold she went downstairs to make herself a cup of tea and found bird feathers everywhere The poor hungry cat had eaten the canary Poor canary May went back to bed and pulled the covers over her head

2 to excuses

6wouldnt I I ill I I sneltnsn I I

2 I I I if I I I time I III

2

a

If I

want to

3 3 I I

4

4 I III 5 A Does

B

6 two 3 excuse

7 A __ (do)a contact

B I

8 us2 a

we

If I 9 were

a

was

10 You were to Max If I

11 4 to set my

12 to

I was to

If

11 bull In

5

Ways of introducing conditionals Conditionals can be introduced in avariety of ways other than with if

unless Unless means-except if

Well go swimming unless it rains Unless theres astrike fll be at work tomorrow

incase In case means the first action is aprecaution it happens because the second action might happen Compare these two sentences

fll take my umbrella in case it rains (I plan to take my umbrella)

fll take my umbrella ifit rains (I dont plan to take my umbrella if I dont have to)

Supposing bull Suppose bullbull Imagine bull These mean the same as Imagine if or What if The condition is more improbable so they are more often found in second and third conditionals They are questions and they come at the beginning of a sentence

Supposing you could go on holiday tomorrow where would you go Imagine you were rich what would you buy

2 In more formal styles if can be dropped and the auxiliary verb inverted

Were you to question me about the matter Iwould deny all knowledge Had Iknown that he was ajournalist Iwould have said nothing Should the meeting last longer than expected f have to cancel my dinner engagement

Herefuses to comedown unless you agree to all of his demands

7 Words other than if 1 Choose the correct word

In case Imagine there were no more wars shywouldnt that be wonderful

2 Im going to take a cushion to the concert in case unless the seats are hard

3 Well miss the beginning of the film should unless you hurry

4 Unless In case you behave yourself you cant come to the theatre with us

5 Suppose Should you got lost what would you do 6 Ill take a book in case unless Im bored on the

journey 7 Had Supposing I understood the problem Id have

done something about it 8 Should In case you fail to pay this bill court action

will be taken

2 Rewrite these sentences using the words in brackets

1 I wont come if they dont invite me (unless)

2 What would you do if he left his job (supposing)

3 If you had learned to play tennis would you have been a champion by now (suppose)

4 Were going to install a smoke alarm There may be a fire (in case)

5 She wont get that job if she doesnt learn to speak French (unless)

6 If the lifeguard hadnt been there what would have happened (imagine)

7 I wont go out this evening Paul might ring (in case)

8 Ill be at my desk until 600 if you need to speak to me about the matter (should)

74 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Vocabulary 8 Similar words different meaning

These adjective pairs are easy to confuse Complete the sentences with the correct adjectives

unreadable illegible

I couldnt work out who the letter was from The signature was completely ---- shy

2 I know Shakespeare is very popular but I find him totally_____

childish childlike

3 Sarah is so _____ Shes always having temper tantrums

4 It was wonderful to watch the lambs playing I got such pleasure from it

sensible sensitive

S Sophie is extremely _____ at the moment Anything you say upsets her

6 Karen is not a very person She wore high~heeled shoes for our four-mile walk

true truthful

7 Ive never known her to tell a lie Shes a very _____ person

8 I can never watch sad films that are based on a -----story They always make me cry

intolerable intolerant

9 Susan is so of other people She never accepts anyone elses opinion and she always thinks she knows best

10 I find Marks behaviour Its unfair to be so selfish

economic economical

11 Were having an crisis at the moment James has lost his job and I dont know how we are going to pay the mortgage

12 Its much more to drive slowly You get more kilometres for your money

Phrasal verbs 9 Nouns from phrasal verbs

1 There are many nouns formed from phrasal verbs Sometimes the verb comes first sometimes second

lIMIce-up downfall upbrinng drwback outbre teaway

2 Sometimes the noun is related to the phrasal verb and sometimes it isnt

I dont use much mM-Up

She mMle up her face very carefully =related

The main drawbade to your plan is that ifs too expensive (drawback =disadvantage)

Orabde the curtains and let the sunshine in (drawback =open)

Complete these sentences with the nouns in the box

outcome breakthrough outbreak comeback takeaway check-up breakdown feedback outlook downfall

The of communication between management and workers means the strike will continue

2 His musical career has suffered recently but now with a new album and a world tour hes trying to makea _____

3 I go to the dentist twice a year for a _____

4 The of the meeting is that the students will have an extra days holiday

S The weather should be fine over the next few days and the for the weekend is warm and sunny

6 There has been an of food poisoning as a result of people eating poorly-cooked chicken

7 There has been a significant in the search to find a cure for the common cold

S Producers ask customers to complete questionnaires because they need to improve their products

9 Were having a Chinese for supper

10 He used to he a highly successful film star but working too hard was his _____

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 75

Listening Pronunciation 11 Ways of pronouncing ea 1 There are several different ways of pronouncing

the letters ea Look at the examples in the columns below

10 What a painl

lei li1 11)1 1-

bread mut fur

I~I lell 131 II 1shy

wur break lurn

1 IIID Listen and answer the questions

1 Whafs Mark trying to do 2 What two things is he having trouble with 3 What does Greg think is the problem 4 Why does Mark get upset 5 Who finds the solution and how

2 IIID Listen again and match these expressions with if

1 I havent made much progress

2 If youve got aminute

3 If the worst comes to the worst

4 Here are your missing parts

a theyll just have to give you your money back

b if any at all

c thatd be great

d if Im not mistaken

2 IIID Put these words into the correct column 3 Who says these things Mark or Greg Write M or G according to the pronunciation of ea

1 0 Ifs turning into a nightmare already 2 0 What a pain 3 DOh this flatpack stuff is a real pain 4 0 I dont believe it S 0 This has gone beyond a joke 6 0 Ifs just that Im fed up with the whole thing already 7 0 This sort of thing drives me mad too 8 0 I could kick myself

Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers

dear tear(n) tear (v) scream steak breath breathe breadth hear thread bear cheat clear deaf death earth beast beard pearl pear heal health great gear jealous lead (v) lead (n) leap leapt meant reason search swear theatre weary weapon

Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Articles Determiners

Its never too late

2 II1II Complete the newspaper article with a an the her or nothingArticles ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p152

a the or zero article Complete the sentences with a the or nothing (the zero article)

Excuse me Is there __ bank near

here

2 A I havent got any money

B Im going to --bank Ill get

you some

3 Has __ postman been this

morning

4 My brother works as __ postman

5 Weve seen a house we want to move

to Its got __ views over fields (1) __ girl aged seven went into The of Ellesmere College He is (14) __

and theres __ lovely garden at Guinness Book ofRecords yesterday when nice teacher - he tells (15) __

__ back she became (2) __ youngest pupil jokesl

6 A Wheres Nick ever to pass (3) __ national exam Dr Nolan commented You must B In __ garden Abha Subramanians Cgrade in have (16) __faith in children They

(4) __ computer studies was can make (17) __paper planes one7 I bought __ burglar alarm to also (5) __ latest achievement minute and write (18) __ computerprotect myself against __ for (6) __ college in Manchester program (19) __ next (20) __

burglars Abha eamed her place in (7) __ pupils at my school arent prodigies shy

8 Tony joined __ the Mounted record books by studying for several they are just interested and motivated Police Unit because he likes working evenings (8) __week at (9) __ They are (21) __example ofwhat with __ horses nearby Ellesmere College (22) __ rest of (23) __country

I think (10) __9 We went out for __ meal last computers are could be doing

easy but I thought (11) __exam As far as Im concerned studentsnight __ food was excellent I was quite hard Abha said She praised who go to university are the OAPsshydont usually like __ Chinese (12) __teacher James Nolan of (24) __academic world having

food but __ duck was superb (13) __founder and principal passed their mental peak

bull OAP = an Old Age Pensioner (or more properly a Senior Citizen) is a person who has reached retirement age

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 77

Determiners Demonstratives Grammar Reference Students Book p152 3 this that these those

2 all and every 1 Choose the correct answer

Anna is such a show-off she thinks she knows all everything

2 My driving test was a complete disaster All Everything went wrong

3 Kate didnt say where she was going All Everything she said was that she was going out

4 All Every child in the class failed the exam

5 All Everything I want for my birthday is to lie in bed until midday

6 Im starving All Everything Ive eaten today is a packet of crisps

7 I really dont get on with my new boss I disagree with all everything she says

8 I cant go higher than pound500 for the car Thats everything all I can afford

9 Megan couldnt believe her luck All Every topic she had revised the night before came up in the exam

10 The film was so boring that all everybody fell asleep

2 Choose the correct answer

I have three children All Every of them love going for a walk but neither none of them likes being bathed

2 You can borrow either each the Renault or the Rover Theyre all both in the garage

3 My two daughters are each both good at languages but none neither of them can do maths at all

4 I have a shower every each day

5 I have any no idea how I spend all my money At the end of every either month its all gone

6 I know every each word of his songs by heart

7 There are fifteen rooms in this hoteL Each Every room is a little different

8 You can have either each an orange or an apple but you cant have either both

9 A Tea or coffee B Either Neither thanks Ive got to rush

lOA Still or sparkling water B Either Neither whichever is open

11 I know either both Robert and his brother but I dont like both either of them

12 I have four brothers Every Each of us is different

Put this that these or those into each gap

1 shoes are killing me I cant wait to take them off

2 (On the phone) Hello ___ is Beth Can I speak to Kate

3 was a wonderful film wasnt it

4 I knew Jenny at university In days she had long blonde hair

5 A Anything else

B No s all for today thanks

6 Well 11 be pound550 please

7 I cant get ring off my finger Its stuck

8 You just cant get proper bread days

9 Come here and tidy up mess right now

10 Listen to It says in the paper that lifes been found on Mars

11 Did you ever hear from ___ girl you met on holiday last year

12 I was in a department store yesterday when ___ bloke came up to me and hit me

13 A I got a parking fine today

B 11 teach you a lesson

14 Who were ___ people you were talking to last night

15 What was ___ noise Didnt you hear it

GEome BaIEVES -rf4euro WOI2lD WOULD 8pound A ~ PLAcE IF E~ WAS ( AN UNDER-AC~tEveR

78 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

Revision of articles determiners and demonstratives 4 Personal column

IDIJ Complete the article with the words in the boxes

I everyone her allef the the a agreat deal of

ELSIE MORECAMBE looks up at (1) all offtte large grey

clouds coming quickly over (2) horizon Ill go just

(3) last time she says jumping onto (4) ___

windsurfing board and speeding off over rough waves Back o~ dry land (5) group of elderly people

watches (6) ___ move of hers with (7) --__

admiration

I enough an the her a lot of agreat deal

Four years ago at 70 looking (8) ___ younger than

her years Elsie formed (9) organization called

Age Well It isnt (10) to tell people - you have to show them she says dragging (11) board

ashore to (12) back-slapping and praise from (13) group

I aU her everything no those their

This is all part of (14) ___ campaign to show that

people of (IS) ages can achieve (16) ___

they want to do if they really want to do it It struck

me that (I 7) friends of mine who had

(I8) job to go to any more and who kept

complaining about (19) boring and meaningless

lives didnt have to live like that she commented

I the (x 2) her (x 2) this most a several

Elsie has been windsurfing (20) __---- summer months

for theJast six years ever since (21) son told her

that she was far too old to attempt it Then she went on

(22) solo six-month world trip to Mexico

Thailand and New Zealand

Over the last four years she has organized and led

(23) groups on trips to Ireland and Greece

So far (24) ___ year she has been walking in

(25) Pyrenees touring on (26) _------

bicycle and canoeing (27) ___

are Elsie says

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 79

Nouns in groups

1 There are three main ways that we can put nouns together

noun + noun noun +s + noun post office my wifes sister headache the docto s surgery face-lift the eats bowl

noun + preposition + noun the end ofthe garden astory about compassion the arrival ofthe police

2 Sometimes more than one structure can be used

the Queens arrival the arrival ofthe Queen

the floor ofthe living room the living room floor

the car door handle the handle on the car door

But usually only one pattern is possible the back ofthe car NOT the far batc the tats bafk

3 Sometimes there is a change in meaning the eats food =the food that belongs to one particular cat The rabbit has eaten the uts food cat food =food for cats in general Can you buysome more atfood when you go out

4 We use the noun + noun pattern (compound nouns) for everyday established combinations We talk about an action film ahorror film but not a h85e ~ffl Here we usually prefer the pattern with a preposition - a film abouthorses

THE HORSES BREAKFAST

Unit 12 bull Its never too late

5 Combining nouns Combine the words in brackets using one of the three patterns Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Your coats on the (back chair)

2 Youve just spilt the (milk cat)

3 Can you buy some (paper toilet) Weve run out

4 I never listened to my (advice parents)

5 Can you buy a (cola bottle) to take to the picnic

6 What did that (road sign) say Did you see it

7 Its such a mess in here There are empty (water bottles) everywhere

8 The (King duties) include entertaining heads of state

9 The (my shoe heel) has

come off

10 Can I borrow your (brush hair)

11 What happened at the (film end)

12 Here is (today news)

13 Where is the nearest (Underground station)

14 Its my (anniversary parents wedding) next week

15 The (company success) is due to

its efficiency

16 Ive got a (fortnight holiday) next

month

17 The (company business plan) is

confusing

18 The annual (rate inflation) is

about 400

19 Are there any (coffee cups) in your bedroom There are none in the kitchen

20 Doyouwanta ________(coffeecup)

Vocabulary

6 Hot Verbs be and have 1 Match the words and expressions with be

or have Tick the correct column

be ~

-

fed up with sbsth

have

aright to do sth

the nerve to do sth

on the safe side

in touch with sb

aword with sb

no point in doing sth

on ones mind

upto date

no chance of doing sth

2 Complete the sentences with one of the expressions in the correct form

My job is so boring Im rully fampd up with it

2 If you dont like your meal you complain to the manager

3 Thank you for your interview Miss Clarke We you as soon as weve made a decision about the job

4 I cant stop thinking about my poor sick cousin She always

5 Mrs Bennett Can I you fora minute Its about your son Ben

6 Jack was so cheeky He tell me that this dress didnt suit me

7 rve got extra holiday insurance just in case I always like

8 Well Ill apply for the managers job but I know I getting it

9 Wait here If you dont like heights theres climbing up the tower with us

10 I got an email from myoid friend Suzanne the other day I her for twenty years now

Prepositions revision 7 Noun + preposition

Comp1ete the sentences with a preposition or a combination of prepositions

1 After running up the stairs I was breath

2 You make some silly mistakes but general your work has been good

3 I went on holiday my own because sometimes I like to be myself

4 I got a cheque pound500 in the post

5 There has been a rise the number of violent cnmes

6 The difference you and me is that I dont mind hard work

7 I can think of no reason her strange behaviour

S It took a long time to find a solution the problem

9 I need some information global warming

10 Im having trouble my car It wont start in the mornings

11 In the accident there was quite a bit of damage _____ my car

12 Investigators are trying to find the cause the accident

13 Ive got to do my homework tomorrow

14 I dont see James any more I havent been touch with him for years

15 Did you get an invitation _____Davids wedding

Mr amp Mrs John Evans

RelJuest the honour ofyour presence

at the marriage of their daughter Rhian Eleri

to David Alastair Austin

son ofMr amp Mrs James Austin

at 230 pm on 13thJuly 2006 at

The George Hotel Newton

Swansea

- RS vP shy

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 81

Listening 8 The holiday of a lifetime

Pronunciation 9 Nouns and verbs

In the chart the nouns end in an unvoiced sound (lsi IfI 19) and the verbs end in a voiced sound (lzI lvi lo)

mil Complete the chart with the words and the phonetics The vowel sound or the spelling changes

Noun Verb IL -

advice I~dvalzi

to use abuse

IbIlifl Inlivl

grief hkskjus

breath to halve

Ihausl safe

Ibelol

OIIJ Listen to Neil and Emma Browns conversation and mark the questions true (T) or false (F)

1 D Neil wants an adventure holiday 2 D Emma wants an adventure holiday 3 D They look in some brochures for some ideas 4 D Emma wants to go to the Maldives to have sailing

lessons S D Neil thinks itll be expensive

6 D They decide that it might suit them both

2 OIIJ Listen again and complete these lines with the correct linking and commenting expression

windsurfing is very exciting

2 I prefer something a bit mal e relaxillg

3 we dont get much holiday a year

4 we can find something that suits us both

S you werent paying attention to a thing I was saying

6 therell be sailing lessons too

7 you can bet your life that itll cost a fortune

8 its not too bad if you go off-season

3 Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers Find more linking and commenting expressions

82 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

10 Emphasis in speaking IIIIJ Mark where the main stress is in Bs replies Listen check and repeat

1 A B

Why didnt you do your homework last night I did do it

2 A B

Who made this mark on the carpet I did it Sorry

3 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew Johann was coming

4 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew that ages ago

S A B

Who told Gran that I crashed her car I didnt tell her

6 A B

I wish you hadnt told Gran I crashed her car I didnt tell her

7 A B

I lost all my money on a bad investment I told you

8 A B

You dont like Mike and Annie do you I like Annie

9 A B

Why dont you like Annie I do like Annie I think shes great

10 A B

I feel so sorry for Annie Nobody like5 her

I like her

Unit 1

Hi Mike I was just passing and I thought Id drop in Hope thats OK

M fine Nice to see you Havent seen you a while Jerry Come on in

Thanks Youre looking well

M Thanks Im back from about What have

you been up to

much Just working hard

Thats a drag How come youre so

Ive got a new boss and hes a bit scary Thinks hes such a big shot ruH

Im a bit worried for my job

M I dont get it Youve always been so good at your job

Well thats as maybe but he like me for some reason Dont

M What are you going to do

J I not I dont feel up to writing and going to interviews

M You need a holiday

J Youre kidding Cant afford it Sara and I are up for a new car

M Thats silly are lInrtt

J I know but Saras reatly fed up with our old car But Itd help me to sort out a OK Ill talk over with Sara and see if I cant her

M Good for you

J Mike Youre a good mate

Unit 2

A Hey Susan What a surprise

S Hi Alex Hi Marie

A Why the long face

S Well Im just back from a carnpilng with Tiffany

A Ah I take it that didnt go very well then

S It was a complete in fact I should have realized that she wasnt the camping type when she turned up with like two suitcases and a and stuff like that

A

M I mean how

S Yes and you should have seen her face when she saw the tent Dont know what she expected Some sort of hotel room probably in the middle of the field

A Oh dear

M What a shame

S Yeah well she thought so too MIIVY

it went from bad to worse because at night the bad weather set in and the wind was blowing the tent quite hard and she sort of started crying a bit that she was scared And I was trying to like reassure and say it wasnt so bad when all of a sudden the wind really started the tent over

M Howawful

A Oh no

S TI~~~ a~I~ need a new tent Anyway I dropped the torch and it all went dark and she kind of freaked out and started running across the field with her bag over her head I mean how was I to know that she was scared of the dark

M Oh what a Poor you

A So what happened next Im enjoying this

S Thanks Well I ran after her and feU over into some sort stuff

M Yuck

S and I started to smell bad shed got to the car and refused

to move So I had to and all the stuff in the wind the and take it back to the car and then get in and drive for two hours back home And the car smelt really awful and we were

and wet and not talking to each other

M I cant believe it What a ridiculous thing to

S Yes well thats what I thought cause when we back I Phew What a and then I to like and I couldnt stop

A Uh So what did she say to that

S She was furious She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag round her and grass and leaves in her hair and everything Dont know what the taxi driver must have UIUUllIH

she phoned me earlier this -1gt Im there in a minute

A Wow What do you think shes going to

S Cant Ive got some apologizing to do for a start

A What rubbish None of it was your fault

M Alex Let her sort it out herself Good luck Susan

A Yes and let us know how it all ends Best story Ive heard in

Unit 6

A Good IBM Guilford How can I you

8 Could you put me through to John Barker

A Certainly The lines busy Will you hold

B Yes thats fine

A Putting you through now

B Thank you

e Hello John Barker

S John Its Ellen Miles from Danson Associates

e Ellen How are

B Well I have a with an order I with you

e How can I help

S You know the nnAlPrnnlntc we discussed a

confirmed the order yourself in writing a ago

e Oh yes

B Well the order hasnt turned up and did say that take a maximum

e Well It usually does Let me look up warehouse schedules Bear with me a moment

B Of course

(tap tap tap)

e Do you have the order code to hand

8 Are you Its FED 2045780498 MX

e Sorry didnt get the last bit What was it

B 80498 MX e Thanks In read that back to you

FED 2045780498 MX B Thats

e And can you confirm the date on the order slip for me please

B 22nd

Tapescript

8

8

( 9 was sent out on

arrived C rn need to look into it further

back to you Are you in the office afternoon

B Well I would be but come up Im till 1200

C Then ru back to before 1200 Dont worry Ill sort out

Ill expect your calL

7

A B A What do you mean You dont look very

B Im a bit thats all A What about Its not Charlene is it B She made one or two hurtful

lCUliUI~ this v

A One or two Shes you these I dont know how you can stand

B

A stressed Thafs no excuse for rude to her best I dont think I think her behaviour is out of order

B I must say A wkhk

You tell her that be nicer to you you wont be friends with her any more

B I so But we are

A

A

8

A Good Now put a smile on your face and lets go and eat

B All all and to the

A thats true You could look a bit better than you do

IS I must A Thats more like it You sound loads

better Come on Lets go

N What are you F Shh Its the last ever

favourite sitcom N Its is it f Talk to you later

N Finished now F Yes it was All the friends

back N I dont know how you can watch aU that

sitcom rubbish F It isnt rubbish Its well

and very N WelJ written How can it be well written

when its written committee There are at least 27 writers on these sitcoms

f The is that the funniest lines think its too Admit

You used to come in the room when it was on and start laughing

N OK It is sometimes But as far as aU these sitcoms

F

N

f

N

F

do you waste

out more a too

sonlettline we both

N or wed take turns to choose OK lets do that Well start this weekend

f Fine Now let me tell what hal)pened in the final ~)VlJil

N all then Go on

came to see how you were on with up your home office Hows it

M Come in come in all on it but I havent much progress at alL

rve

G Howcome M my new to

and I even set

G Calm Mark If the worst comes to the worst have to you your money

M

the computer

Its that Im fed up with the whole And Ive still to try

G I know I know This sort drives me too whats at the bottom of the box Here are your

if Im not mistaken M what an idiot I could kick

Youve saved the

N

E N

up my new computer table Its into a mghtlnalre

G Whata M

G

no

also learn to sail

E It doesnt sound much fun to me PerSOIlallv I a bit more uaillAIUK BasilcalJlv I think we work hard

all year so that we deserve to do somewhere nice for a of weeks

N But Im fed and aU that

get much a year E Well Im with

your new Jease of life Im still not sure what you have in mind or if I want to do it too

N Lets have a look on the Internet and see what sort there is HODeltullV we can find that suits us

E Oh OK then But Im not DrOmlSllne

E Oh look Now thats what I call a N The Maldives Small beach islands in

the middle of the Indian Ocean Not Hfe UbiVioiuslv

N

E

Penomill1y Ive It

of a lifetime N But you dont want an action E 1 dont have to have one I can lie on the

beach and watch Thats my idea

N I must out more about it off to the travel better to the first Come on

no time to lose E Wow then Im N And I bet I can the

end of the E I told you Im not promi~inJit amrthlnS

had been washin will have been

teaching

UNli I

1 1 2 is 3 ve been walking 4 was taken 5 II take 6 had taken 7 have had

10 are IIs been made 12 will have made 13 are washed 14 had been washed IS hed been 16 sells 17 will be sold 19 will have been 20 were being taught

3 1 are 2 are

Ive wanted 6 s 7 miss Ive missed Ive been 8 II be I re to be

Ive sent

II ve 12 wont stay 13 II be able 14 ve visited IS went 16 was 17 18 sat 19 m forward 20 Ube

lt4 1 lOur house was built in the 17th century 2 flats at the moment 3 Has the coffee machine been fixed 4 While the new kitchen was

we ate in restaurants 5 We arrived at work to find out that om

office had been 6 She wont be in those dark

up

5 1 1 has found 2 has invented 3 are called 4 be lifted 5 I has been desIRn~~d 6 have been built 7 was shown 8 wasnt 9 doesnt have needed I dont cost 12 will 14 will take 15

16 have been made 17 will be 18 will reach

1

6 3 has (A) 4 did (F) 5 have (F) 6 have (A) 7 didnt (A) 8 done (F) 9 does 10 was (A) 11 is (A) 12 (F)

1 1 A have got Bm B ve got to

2 A have B havent A ve had ve got B to have

3 A ve got to I have to B havent got I dont have A had Have Bvegot

4 A ve had havent had B got

8 1 blood 2 book 3 water 4 5 6 case 7 8 rain 9 sun road 11 air 12 13 hand 14 ice 15 card 16land 17 sports 18 book

91 la 2b 3a 4a Sb 6a

2 1 home to me 2 got on like a house on fire 3 make at home 4 the house down 5 as as houses 6 hit home

10 lout 2 away 3 down 4 off 5 down in 6 off on 7 out 8 back 9 in 10 away

2 I fell out (L) fell out (I)

2 put (I) Put

3 out (L) sort out (1)

4 stand up (L) stand (I)

5 Holdon hold on (L)

6 take take

7

2 Active Continuous Present sells Past walked Future will take Present Perfect have had Past Perfect had taken Future Perfect will have made

Passive Present is made Past was taken future will be sold Present Perfect has been made Past Perfect had been washed Future Perfect will have been sold

bull married

6 When I was a little I al1fav~ m1I111

my 7

two years him a new shirt

has been caUed said that had

hard and deserved to pass all her exams

my friend called

2

11 1 1 friend 2 English 3 clean 4 month 5 took 6 group 7 slam 8 box 9 thought 10 work 11 chart 12 winter

leI III li1 1 I~tter bsy tree mQther w~ther wQmen heat fun br~kfast bilding machine wQrry

101 lu lrel 101 good cool camp sock wQman suit f~mily odd could shoe ~ccent want

1)1 131 10 1 I~I

floor ~rly f~ther machine walk work g~rden fath~

d~lghter search ban~na banan~

12 1 1~ 2 3 ~ 41 5 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ~

2 I drop in 2 Thats a drag 3 a big shot 4 I dont get it S not feel up to something 6 Cheers

3 (l) Hope thats OK (Thats) Absolutely fine (Its) Nice to see you (I) Havent seen you for a while Jerry (Ive) Just (been) working hard (He) Thinks hes such a big shot (I) Dont know why (Are you going to) Change jobs (I) Cant afford it

UNIT 2

1 1 1 Ive written to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday Ive been writing my essay all morning

2 Ive lost my car keys Ive been losing weight recently

3 Theyve missed the train Theyve been missing you lots so come home soon

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work late all this week Paulas left work early today to meet her uncle

6 The eats been going to our neighbours to have its dinner The eats gone upstairs

7 Hes had a heart attack Hes been having second thoughts about accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy a new television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming which is why my hair is wet Ive swum twenty lengths today

10 Ive been finding it difficult to concentrate recently Ive found my cheque book at last

22s been snowing 3 have travelled 4 have lived have been trying

havent managed 5 have been arguing 6 ve eaten 7 have been running 8 has been crying has failed 9 ve been sunbathing

2 Possible answers I In Fukushima Japan 2 Which school did she go to 3 How long has she been climbing

Since she was 10 (years old) 4 What did she study at university

English and American literature 5 How long has she been married

For 38 years 6 What did she do when she was 30

She started the first womens climbing club in Japan

7 When did she climb Mount Everest When she was 36

8 Who gave awarded her a medal The King of Nepal

9 How many mountains has she climbed II3

10 Has she had an exciting life Yes she has

) 1 I is standing 2 is actually watching 3 is climbing 4 has been climbing 5 has nearly reached 6 has already climbed 7 started climbing 8 broke 9 became 10 has been named 11 trains 12 has been preparing 13 will climb 14 havent seen

22s (been) taking 3 arrived 4 didnt enjoy 5 re staying 6 re going 7s chosen 8 s called 9 will be 10 ve done 11 will make 12 wont be 13m looking 14 sounds IS ve been training 16 ve prepared 17 get 181l become

4 1 I The new sofa has already been delivered

2 Have the street lights been repaired yet 3 Some new anti-smoking laws have just

been passed 4 No new homes have been built for

twenty years 5 The plants havent been watered

2 2 A yachtsman has been rescued dramatically in the Pacific Ocean

3 Valuable jewels have been stolen from Sothebys

4 A missing boy has been found alive 5 Police have been given a huge pay rise 6 Two hundred and sixty people have

been killed in the monsoon in India 7 An ancient tomb has been discovered

in Egypt 8 Two thousand people have been made

redundant in a shock announcement by Ferrari

5 1 2 have her ears pierced 3 have my eyes tested 4 have had their car serviced 5 had our television repaired yet

1 Recently Hes had the invitations printed Theyve had the cake decorated Yesterday He had his wedding suit delivered He had his hair cut Today Shes having her hair done Theyre having the flowers delivered Next week Theyll have had the photos developed Shell have had her wedding dress dry-cleaned

6 1 I do 2 make 3 doing 4 do 5 make 6 do 7 do 8 done 9 made 10 made 1 Made 12 does 13 do

1 I made the big time 2 have done without you 3 made off with it 4 make up for 5 could do with 6 make of her 7 make in time

~71 ~

ltIIcltII C Q~ I ~ Ii ~ampJ 0v

get intut of

II I Iget onoff I

Itake off

land

ride I

I Idrive

I Icatch

Imiss Iboard I I I

park I

2 car seat belt traffic lights service station tyres one-way street traffic jam Customs tunnel horn

bus traffic lights season ticket tyres one-way street traffic jam timetable horn

bike crash helmet traffic lights tyres one-way street cycle lane

train platform carriage ticket collector season ticket trolley track timetable Customs tunnel porter

plane runway life jacket tyres cargo check-in desk timetable hand luggage Customs aisle seat charter flight

shipferry harbour life jacket trolley cargo port timetable Customs deck porter cabin

8 I at 2 out of 3 across into 4 to 5 through 6 towards 7 off 8 onto 9 over 10 into II past through 12 to 13 into 14 against 15 in 16 out of 17 along 18 past 19 across 20 over 21 up 22 onto

Answer key 87

9 1 1 explorer exploration 2 Japan Japanese 3 contribute contribution 4 industry industrial 5 economy economics 6 politics politician

23

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull Japan contribute industry abroad develop politics unique destruction backpacker destroy pollution calculate unspeilt illegal paradise

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull Japanese Vietnam

contribution economics politician information European destination diarrhoea

industrial economy discovery kilometre environment inhabitant

10 1 1~ 21 3 ~ 4 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 8 ~

2 lA 2A 3M 4M 5M 6M 7M 8M 9S lOA

3 1 like and stuff like that 2 sort of like 3 kind of 4 sort of 5 like 6 and everything

UNIT 3

1 1 2 1 fell ~ 2 had fallen ~ 3 had torn ~ 4 tore ~ 5 cost 6 had cost I 7 had never flown ~ 8 flew ~ 9 had caughtl 10 caught 11 were~ 12 had been~

2 1 was living met 2 played were winning lost 3 wasnt thinking had 4 was coughing didnt get 5 was sunbathing heard appeared landed 6 was snowing got up were making

put raced 7 was playing hit made

J 2 was standing 3 heard 4 went back in 5 was 6 said 7 has been 8 managed 9 had been surfing 10 had been knocked 11 had hit 12 swam 13 pulled 14 had just finished 15 shouted 16 called 17 had to 18 was trying 19 were getting 20 reached 21 had taken 22 felt 23 was recovering 24 wasnt 25 had moved 26 have been

4 1 2 a 3 d 4 c 5 b 6 i 7 f 8 g 9 j 10 h 11 m 12 n 130 141 15 k

2 1 Two years ago while I was working in Paris my grandfather died

2 As soon as I had fed the cat I did my homework

3 First I had a shower and then I got dressed

4 Since I was a child I had always wanted to visit Australia and I finally went last year

S As he posted the letter he realized that he hadnt put a stamp on it

6 By the time hed finshed speaking most of the audience had fallen asleep

7 Once Id told him the truth I felt better 8 Until I found a flat I had stayed I been

staying with family for months

5 2 A Roman temple was discovered underneath the new housing estate

3 The races were held indoors because it was raining

4 The leisure centre had been booked for a childrens party on Saturday

5 The dishwasher was being repaired so I couldnt leave the house

6 Our hotel room still hadnt been cleaned when we returned

7 The fish hadnt been cooked for long enough

8 New traffic lights were being put up at the crossroads

6 I was shown 2 liked 3 is regarded 4 felt 5 had been made 6 tells 7 has been rescued 8 s married 9 is (being) introduced

10 doesnt make 11 is voiced 12 was I is based 13 was not written 14 ends 15 are 16 will be loved I are loved

7 Poetry Prose DruM

nursery rhyme plot plot critic chapter critic review critic director character best-seller backstage verse review script

character review novelist character blockbuster leading role fairytale verse setting setting whodunnit rehearsal science fiction perfonnance hardback playwright thriller act autobiography full house paperback

8 1 2 end a relationship 3 wait a minute 4 talk louder 5 begin a journey 6 not go out stay at home 7 have a calmer more stable life 8 arrive 9 be happier

10 be quiet

2 1 turns up 2 set off 3 Cheer up 4 stay in 5 settled down 6 broke up 7 find out 8 Shut up 9 Hold on 10 Speak up

9 1 I pay lpelf 2 write Iralt 3 phone If)on 4 round Iraondl 5 dear Idl) 6 boy Iblll 7 tour Ito)1 8 fair Iregt

2 4 lu1 3 1)01

5 Il1 6 131

8 131 7 11)1

10 131 9 Il1

11 laol 12 1)01

13 lu1 14 101

17 luzi 15 I)ozi

16 I)osl 19 luzi

18 lusI 22 10m

21 lum 20)0m

23 loV 24 1)0V

26 lAm 25 I)oml

27 lell 28 lell

29 leI 30 leI

33 101 32 lu1

31 IAI 35 lodl

34 I)oldl 38 I~I

36 IAI 37 101

88 Answer key

3

I dont 2 didnt 3 havent 4 arent 5 isnt 6 wont 7 m not 8 doesnt 9 hadnt 10 hasnt

1 5 not 6 nt 7 not 8 not 9 no 10 Not II none 12 no 13 nt 14 not 15 Not 16 17 No 18 no 19 None 20

] 2 I told not to go to work Why arent in was an unsuccessful businessman

who didnt achieve much in his life 4 Our house is easyisnt difficult to find

No one ever lost 5 We had a time in Muscat There

there 6 You mustnt rest your ankle

Try not to move it at all Try to move it as little as

7 I ~ tI~ middot

the exam

4 2 I dont suppose youve got change for a 20-pound note

3 This machine doesnt seem to be working 4 I didnt think it was going to rain S dont want their daughter to move

to 6 I didnt expect to see you here 7 I dont suppose seen Robert

Id like snails 9 I dont expect you remember me

10 I dont believe she all her exams

5 2 Who made the film Catch Me If You Cart 3 How old was Frank when he ran away

to New York 4 Why did he run to New York 5 What did he look 6 What was Franks first con trick 7 How much had he collected when the

bank found out 8 How Frank a Pan Am 9 Who tell his secret to I called

the police 10 What did he become nextafter he was

a pilot II What did frank teach at university 12 When was he eventually arrested 13 How did he spend in 14 What has been doing

6 1 I Im not sure where he learned how to forge bank U~UJ11I3

2 I dont know how had the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

3 Id like to know which countries he visited as a pilot

4 Ive no idea his friend called the

5 a clue how he managed to pass the bar exam

6 [cant who gave him a as a doctor

7 I wonder why the police took so to catch him

8 Do know what he thought of

2 I I wish I knew why he told his secret to his friend

2 any idea how many attempts to the bar exam

3 do you he went to France 4 Can tell me how long he spent

in 5 Do you know what he is doing nowl

what has happened to him since then

1 1 2 by 3 to 4 at 5 on 6 in 7 about 8 of 9 from 10 with

2 2 What for 3 Where to 4 What about 5 How long for 6 Who for 7 Who to 8 What with

8 1 b 2 a 3 c 4 d 5 e 6 f 7 h8 g 9i lOj III 12k

Sample answers 1 was it like 2 Who did talk to 3 How is 4 Howcome 5 cant you 6 is it 7 Whos he 8 What does he look like 9 Didnt heDid he

]0 come 11 12 Whats going to do

10 12

unreal fake incredible implausible

Verbs disappear misunderstand mistrustdistrust suspect uncover

11 1

unbelievable ridkulous

bizarre amateur trivial

deceit fantasy incredulity

vanish confuse

reveal

a VIUUII~~ a secret sb lose your way your temper

2 I keep in touch 2 lost 3 keep a secret 4 keep lost 5 calm 6 keep fit

12 2 for 3 at 4 offrom 5 from 6 in 7 to 8 in 9 in 10 tolwith 11 to about 12 at 13 in with 14 for 15 in

U 1 2 wasnt it (fall) 3 could (rise) 4 isnt he (fail) 5 isnt it 6 arent I (fall) 7 have you (rise) 8 werent we (fall) 9 would you (rise)

2 2 That was a really tasteless meal wasnt it (fall)

3 Youve borrowed my new coat havent you (fall)

4 You couldntwouldnt water my plants couldwould you (rise)

5 Vanessa youre going on a business trip to Rome arent you (rise)

1 Youre going to work harder from now on arent you

2 Ill see you next week wont I 3 Kates leaving soon isnt she 4 Youll ring when get there wont 5 Our takes 4 pm doesnt 6 The will have finished next

married next week are

8 We wont need tickets to get in will we 9 Well be millionaires one day wont we

10 Dave wont be will he

1 1 m to II 2 are to II 3 m going to II Il 4 will Il 5 m going to II 6 II going to II 7 m going to n 8 II II

her a present to hard for my exams

seein~~om~ to see the dentist next

5 I think Manchester United will win on Saturclay

6 Im the

7 8 9 time next week Ill be lying on

a beach in Egypt 10 I think itll be hot there

4 3 Ill be 4 Ill have 5 Ill be 6 rUbe 7 Ill be 8 Ill have 9 Ill have an Amleman

10 Ill have had two children

to celebrate buying

3 m not leave 4 wont S II be

for

Answer 89

9 m going to change 10 m going to do 11 11 have made up 12 Are you planning 13 II work 14 II be concentrating 15 II be able to

6 2 A What are you doing B 3 A B What shaUl do 4 A is getting married B 5 A B Youll have to wake me up 6 A B Youll be getting 7 A B Itll only take 8 A B Were going to stay at home 9 A as soon as I arrive B

7 1 eat wont get 2 wont move ve found 3 11 like meet 4 Will you Are you going to learn are 5 wont go havehave had 6 11 be finishlve finished 7 dont do will you have to 8 are will deal 9 will feel ve had

10 ve tried ll never use

8 I Put 2 taking 3 Put 4 take 5 putting 6 take 7 putting 8 taken 9 take 10 take II takes 12 take 13 take 14 put IS put

9 I a re waiting for b is expected c looking forward to

2 a spend Ive been spendingspent b pass c wasted

3 a Have seen b watchedwere watching c Lookat

4 a Actually b at the moment c really

5 a owe b borrowed c lend

6 a embarrassed b nervous c angry

10 3 I couldnt take them all in 4 Ill sort it out tomorrow 5 Put it in your diary 6 Please put them away 7 youd better look after him 8 Ill look into it right away 9 Take it back

10 youve put me off her

n 1 1wQnt ol 2 walk IJI 3 wQnder IAI 4 wQman 01 5 warm J 6 wQrd 13 7 w~r e1 8 w~ht leIl 9 wint 101 10 wQrk 131 11 winder 10 12 wQmen II 13 wQrm 3 14 wilrd IJI 15 w~ry II 16 wcird II

90 Answer key

2 I phone o 2 blood AI 3 love AI 4 through u 5 weak li 6 lower o 7 north J 8 height aii 9 pear e to hear II

UNIT 6

lluggage 2 food 3 cash 4 unemployment 5 music 6 violence 7 traffic 8 opportunity 9 ingredient 10 fluid

2 1any 2 some any 3 Some any 4 some any 5 any any 6 some some

) 2 Is there much work to be done in the garden

3 I didnt spend much time on the homework

4 Did they do much research before they found a cure

5 They couldt give me much information about the delay in our flight

6 I didnt have too many problems with this exercise

7 Ive got too much luggage I cant carry it all

8 There is too much traffic on the streets I of our town

4 1 Sample answers 1 There are lots of cheese sandwiches 2 There are a few tuna sandwiches 3 Theres a huge amount of spaghetti 4 Theres only a little rice and

vegetable curry 5 There are several burgers 6 There are no chips 7 There isnt much fruit salad 8 There are a couple of bananas 9 There arent many doughnuts

10 Theres hardly any apple juice

23s lots a huge amount 4 a few 5 s only a little 6 arent any are none (left) 7 a little 8 are a few 9 s only a little (left) 10 ve got a couple 11 a little 12 lots

5 2a few 3 have less respect than 4 few 5 a little 6 Fewer 7 Few 8 a few 9 is little to a few

6 1 I somewhere 2 anyoneanybody 3 anywhere 4 anything 5 everything 6 nothing 7 NobodyNo one 8 nowhere 9 someonesomebody 10 something anything 11 anyone anybody 12 EveryoneEverybody

2 1 b 2a 3c 4d sf 6e 7h 8 g 9i 10j 111 12k 13m 14 n ISo 16p

7 1 I much 2 nobody 3 A couple 4 little 5 few 6 multi 7 all 8 any 9 hardly any 10 enough II a bit 12 part 13 more 14 piece 15 None 16 any 17 more than 18 no 19 something 20 several 21 over 22 a lot 23 aU 24 a great deal of 25 some

2 2 600 shillings is very littlenot very m money

3 Odonga has a lot of friends 4 None of the young people in his village

have jobs 5 It took him several hours to write

the letter 6 There were no jobs available at the

company 7 Conrad Millbank heard about his story 8 Until now Odonga hasnt had much

good fortune in his life

8 1 a piece of cakepaperbread a jar of honey a slice of breadcake a tube of toothpaste a piece of cakepaperbread a loaf of bread a bar of soapchocolate a box of chocolates a tin of soup a can of lemonadesoupcola a bottle of lemonadecola a sheet of paper

2 1 a pieceslice of cake 2 a tincan of soup 3 sheets of paper 4 a box of chocolates 5 bar of chocolate 6 slice of bread 7 many cansbottles of lemonade 8 bar of soap 9 a jar of special honey

9 1 A on foot under arrest overunder pound500 abovelbelowoverunder 75 abovebelow freezing overunder 18 years old under new management on holiday under pressure on business

B duringin the night byon New Years Day byduringin the winter byon Friday afternoon atby the weekend inion time in a fortnights time duringin the rush hour in his forties

2 1 in 2 under 3 Over 4 over 5Over 6 above 7 on 8 at 9 over 10 During lIon 12 under 13 under 14in 15in

10 1 Ellen Miles is calling John Barker about an order she made which hasnt arrived

21 21 31 41 51 6

3 I R 2) 3J 4E 5) 6) 7E 8E

4 I How can I help you 2 Im putting you through now 3 an order I placed with you 4 a week maximum 5 Do you have the order code to hand 6 that all seems to be in order 7 Ill get back to you before 12

111 IV 2N 3V 4N 5N 6V 7N 8V 9N 10V llV 12N

UNIT 7

1 2b 3b 4a 5b 6b 7a 8b

1 1 I shouldought tomust 2 CanMayCould 3 musthave to 4 can 5 maymightwillcould 6 cancould 7 have to 8 mustshouldought tomaymight 9 cancouldought tomustshould

10 have tomust

2 I wont 2 dont have to 3 couldnt 4 wont 5 cant 6 was able to 7 mustnt

3 1 You mustnt stop here 2 We dont have to learn the whole poem 3 They didnt have to take off their shoes 4 He cant be speaking Swedish 5 We didnt have to wear a uniform at school 6 You wont have toneed to help me do

this exercise

4 1 I has to have 2 wont 3 said shed 4 couldnt 5 she had 6 should 7 you must 8 she might 9 can 10 will II cant 12 have to 13 can only 1411 IS ought to 16 You may might 17 You mustnt 18 couldnt 19 You shouldmightcould 20 You must have to

2 I Id better buy her a card 2 Guests are advised not to leave 3 Smoking is only permitted 4 Hes bound to pass 5 The use of dictionaries is not allowed

in this exam 6 People under 18 arent supposed to

buy cigarettes 7 Travellers to the States are required

to have a visa 8 You are likely to findlIt is likely that

youll find 9 I promised to help Jane

10 My parents didnt let me

5 1 2 She must be missing her best friend 3 Itll be Tom 4 She cant still be sleeping 5 They could be having guests 6 He must have a deadline to meet 7 It might be difficult to drive to work 8 She may be hiding in the garden

2 I shouldgo 2 might feel 3 must finish 4 Il pass 5 should be touching down 6 must be 7 cant be 8 could be snowing 9 can snow

10 must be making 11 mightbe 12 could be

61 I V 2M 3V 4V SM 6V 7V 8M

2 I needntdont have to 2 mustnt 3 needntdont have to 4 need tohave to 5 dont have to 6 got to 7 needs

7 1 His bills will take ages to payoff He accumulated debts of pound2000 Inflation went up by 2 She contributes to the household bills I earned pound2000 in interest My credit card expires at the end of July I changed some travellers cheques The exchange rate is good just now

2 I check-out 2 added 3 bill 4 pay S-salary 6 by cheque 7 overdrawn 8-credit card 9 cash 10 reduce II came to 12 saving 13 change 14 receipt

8 2 off with 3 down on 4 on with 5 up for 6 away with 7 out of 8 out with off with 9 up with lOon with out with

91 la 2b 3b 4c 5c 6b

2 I a bit annoyed 2 one or two hurtful 3 a bit of trouble at work 4 down a bit 5 hasnt been great

10 I doesnt 2 shouldnt 3 mustnt 4 promised 5 strapped 6 distinctly 7 special 8 arranged 9 friendship

to comfortable II excitement 12 impressed

11 I Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of weight recently

Kevin Youre Jillding If ~thing hes l2ll weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me Kevin Well I know he earns a ll21 more

than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a secondshyhand Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a brand new one

4 Alan Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Kevin Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are designer labels

5 Alan Does Frank have many stocks and shares

Kevin He has ~ of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin Noin~hesin~

on holiday

7 Alan His latest car is a Wi ~ Mercedes

Kevin Really The car I saw him in was a ~ link Mercedes

UNIT 8

lib 2c 3a 4b Sb 6a 7b 8c

2 1 J D 2 D 3 NO 4 0 5 ND 6 D 7 NO 8 D 9 ND 10 NO

2 I Id love to meet someone who could teach me how to cook

2 Were looking for a house which has four bedrooms

3 We went to see Romeo and Juliet which I really enjoyed

4 Do you know a shop that sells secondshyhand furniture

5 Abraham Lincoln who was President of the United States died at the theatre

6 I find people who lose their temper difficult to get on with

7 My computer which I bought just last year is already out ofdate

8 I met a girl I went to school with 9 Professor James Williams who many

people consider to be the worlds expert on volcanoes will give a talk next week

10 I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich which I ate immediately

3 4 The thing I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 no change 7 no change 8 no change 9 Salt whose qualities have been known

since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD I bought yesterday doesnt work II no change 12 The Algarve where my mothers family

comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Answer key 91

4 1 I how much I miss 2 what I believe to 3 which was a mgntrnare 4 where 5 whose came down to her waist 6 which came as a bit of a v bullbull 0

7 when you expect to arrive 8 want

2 1who 2 thatwhich 3 where 4 which 5 6whose 7which 8- 9shy10 that 11 whose 12 - 13 where 14 which 15 Whatever

5 2 Shes a friend (who) I can 3 Thats the man the

for 4 She recommended a book Robert

Palmer who Id never of 5 The suit I pound400 for has been

reduced to to 6 This is the book (that) I was

about 7 The

6 3 screamUrlg 6 conruslllg 9 tnghternng 11 dis3lPPolintlnR 14 dlslturtgtlnR 17 disaIPPcint~~d 19 prornisillg

7 1 2 3 Letters 4 The 5 Firemen have rescued passengers

overlo()kJrlg Ule River Thames crowds

2 2 finishing 5 8 explainill1g

8lj 2b 3d 4g 5c 6m 71 8n 9a lOe Ili 12k 13f 14h

9 1

2 1 breathtaking 3 automatic 6 picture5ique 8 narlO-lrl1a(le overcrow(ed deserted

lOla tenmiddotDOllino 2 a course 3 a three-hour 4 a three-course meal 5 a two-week 6 a two-hour 7 a ten-page letter 8 a unilverSltv course

12 a two house

11 1of 2 with for 3 for 4 of 5of 6 in 7 from to 8 about 9 to 10 of It of 12 for 13 for 14 with 15 about

sumptuous ~nllnlmrlnl

business 8 fasten exhausted whistle

2 1scientific 2 PS)ChlgtlolftlSt 4 5 7 8 gralldtather lOcaJm

UNIT 9

1 Id 2 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i lOa

the

about

3 She eats it every 4 He never cornplaining

footballs on 5

the chance

he

11 I used to 2 Did you use to 3 never used todidnt use to 4 Did use to 5 to 6 didnt use to 7 did use to 8 you use to

2 2 a b c 3 a 4 a b c 5 a b c 6 a 7 a b c 8 a b 9 a 10 a h c

3 1 sentences 2 4 5 89

2 answers dad will mendwill insist on

me~ndlng his motorbike in the room

2

3

toast

2rSIndma would never turn on her

4 1 1 arent used to 2 used to 3 used to get used to 4 got used to 5 used to 6 didnt use to 7 s used to 8 used to 9 use to

10 Have got used to

2 1 2

9 gets

51 al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hi i3 j1 k2 11 m3 n2 03

2 1 used 2 would 3 to 4 didnt 5 use 6 used 7 8 never

6 2 wave 3 4 right 5 suit 6 fair 7 sort 8 9 train

7 1 a bored b board 2 a allowed b aloud 3 a whale b wail 4 a b court 5 a loan b lone 6 a hire b

8 1 1 f 2 i 31 4b 5h 6g 7c 8e 9d lOa IIj 12 k

2

5 come 6 told 7 deal with 8 fit in with 9 oUlof

9 1 1 c 2b

2 1 3 5 6 8 9

10 1

2

3

4 5

6 7

8

9 Wed~ki~ forward t~ming fcQS then at last minute we werent able to l~ou-itdown~ couple of

minutes

2 A What are you doing at the weekend B I havent decided yet A Were going to Scotland Do you want

to come too B Id love to Where are you staying A Weve decided to camp None of us can

afford to pay for a hotel B Camping in Scotland in October

Youll be freezing cold A No we wont weve got strong tents

lots of warm clothes and thick sleeping bags

B Have you checked the weather forecast A Of course we have and its pretty warm

for October B OK then Itll be quite an adventure A Excellent Ill tell the others - theyll be

delighted Well pick you up at six on Friday See you then Goodbye

B Bye

UNIT 10

2 I had to take the pills three times a day 3 They must have been away on holiday 4 We couldnt see the top of the mountain S He cant have been be a millionaire 6 We werent allowed to shout in the

classroom 7 He wouldnt go to bed 8 That will have been John on the phone 9 You should have been more careful

10 You could have helped with the washingshyup for a change

11 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2 Possible answers If I go to India I canwillmaymight see

the Taj Mahal If I went to India I mightwouldcould

see the Taj Mahal If Id gone to India I mightwouldcould

have seen the Taj Mahal

3 1 1 She must have got engaged to Andy 2 He cant have cut it for ages 3 They must have been doing something

naughty 4 She must have been making a cake S They might have gone without me 6 He cant have had guests last night 7 They must have arrived home by now 8 She mightmust have mislaid my

number

2 1 It must have been blown down by the wind

2 They must have been washed with something red

3 It cant have been repaired properly 4 It cant have been dry-cleaned recently S They cant have been watered while

we were away 6 It must have been hit by a stone

4 1 could have used 2 might have climbed up 3 neednt have bothered 4 must have been joking S cant have spent 6 might have misheard 7 should have phoned 8 may have been delayed 9 neednt have worried

10 shouldnt have burned 11 must have fallen 12 cant have put on

5 1 shouldnt have 2 may have 11 have 3 d have could have might have d have

neednt have should have 4 must have

61 Ib 2a 3b

2 1 would have been 2 must have been lying 3 couldnt have survived 4 may have had 5 must have fallen 6 could hear 7 will have got 8 could have broken 9 must have been talking

10 neednt have been 11 might have died 12 must have been 13 should have done 14 could have been

7 1 heart-to-heart 2 hands full 3 face the fact 4 heart 5 head for business 6 sharp tongue 7 heart of gold 8 put a brave face 9 pulling my leg

10 give her a hand

81 Physical appunnce Perscnlity graceful moody wrinkled big-headed skinny brainy bald quick-thinking well-buit nosy smart cheeky curly narrow-minded

affectionate smart hard-hearted

2 1 handed 2 elbow 3 thumbed 4 eyed 5 was footing 6 headed 7 are armed 8 shoulder

9 1 2 remind of 3 congratulated on 4 models on S hide from 6 held to 7 invited to 8 trick into 9 inherit from

10 shouted at 11 forgive for 12 was accused of

10 should good leaf chief bread said taught court choose lose chef deaf toes knows through knew hate weight wore pour tight height brain reign full wool leave grieve pool fool foot put blood mud

2 1 An exceedingly fat friend of mine When asked at what hour hed dine Replied At eleven At three five and seven And eight and a quarter past nine

2 A gourmet dining at Crewe Found a rather large mouse in his stew Said the waiter Dont shout And wave it about Or the rest will be wanting one too

UNIT 11

1 1 14 8 refer to real past time The others refer to the hypothetical past

2 1~ 2 3~ 4~ 5 6~ 7~ 8

3 2 dont 3 didnt 4 cant S is 6 wont 7do 8 washave 9donthavent

1 1 I wish you were rich I wish you couldwouldhad come I wish I were rich I wish I couldhad come

2 1 could was able to 2 wasnt 3 had 4 hadnt gone 5 have stayed 6 didnt speak wouldnt speak 7 d had 8 lived

) 1 1 I wish Id invited him to lunch 2 You should have been watching the road 3 If only I hadnt said that to her 4 I wish I hadnt hit him S Id rather you didnt tell her 6 I wish Meg wouldnt stay out so late 7 I should have worked harder for

my exams

Answer key 93

2

somwhere

4 Weshould 5 I wish Id 6 Cat I wish

4 1 wish 2 3 could 4 would 5 have 6 should 7 8 wouldnt 9 unless 10 could 11 would 12 had 13 14 have IShad 16could ]7s 18 realized 19 if 20 hadnt

5 1 I shed set her alarm dock 2 she hadnt been late 3 wouldnt have the

ladies restroom and she wouldnt have torgotten to meet Nell for lunch

4 wouldnt have ended their

5 she wouldnt have lost a contact lens 6 she hadnt lost a contact lens 7 she wouldnt have had to wait at

the bus stop in the rain I she hadnt so wet

8 she waited at the in the rain I she hadnt got so wet

9 she hadnt to meet her three times

10 it wouldnt have eaten the canary

2 1 I wouldnt have been ill if I hadnt had the shellfish

2 I would have you if I had had the time

3 If I had known the washable I have

4 I wouldnt have believed it if I seen it with my own eyes

1 feel wont 2 sold d 3 see II tell 4 hadnt 5 didnt be

wouldnt have worked

have heard wouldnt be

do saw would run would know

would have burned down

1 1 1 2 in case 3 unless 4 Unless 5 6 in case 7 Had 8 Should

2 I I wont come unless 2 he left 3 you had

you have been a champlion

to install a smoke alarm in fire that unless she learns

8 at my desk until 600 should you need to to me about the maUer

1 1 2 unreadable 3 childish 4 5 sensitive 6 sensible 7 truthful 8 true 9 intolerant 10 intolerable II economic 12 economical

1 breakdown 2 comeback 3 rnflrlCmiddotmiddotlln

4 outcome 5outlook 6 outbreak 7 8 feedback 9 takfaww

10 aovvnr~ul

10 1 Set up a home office 2 computer computer table 3 Some of the 4 Hes no 5 he

2 Ib 2c 3a 4d

1M 2G 3G 4M 5M 6M 7G 8M

n 2 leI bread breath breadth thread deaf death lead meant weapon

li1 meat scream breathe cheat beast heal reason

III ear dear tear hear dear theatre weary

le)1 wear tear bear pear swear

lell break

lalearn earth search

1 I a 2 the 3 the 4 a 5 a the 6 the 7 a - 8 the - 9 a The - the

2 1 A 2 the 3 a 4 - 5 the 6 a 7 the 8 a 9 the 10 - 11 the 12her 13the 14a 15- 16shy17 18 a 19 the 20 The 2I an 22the 23the 24 the

1 1

2 I All none 2 either both 3 both neither 4 every 5 7 Each 8 either both 9 10 Either 11 both either 12 Each

) 1These 2 This 3That 4 those 5 that 6 that 7 this 8 these 9 this 10 this 11 that 12 this 13 That 14 those 15 that

4 2 the 3 one 4 her 7 of 8

11 her 12 a lot of 13 the 17 those

18 no 19 their 20 most her 22 a 23 several 24 this 25 the 26 her 27 The

aU

6 1 be on the safe side in touch with sb no in on ones mind

up to date have the nerve to do sth a word with sb

no sth

2 2 have the to 3 will be in touch with 4 is on mind 5 havea with 6 had the nerve to 7 to be on the safe side 8 have no chance of 9 no in

10 have been in touch with

1 lout of 2 in 3 on 4 for 5 in 6 between 7 for 8 to 9 about 10 with 11 to 12 of 13 14 in 15 to

11 IT 2F 3F 4F 5T 6T

2 1Apt)arentlv 3 After all 4 Ho~)etuilly 6 Pr~umably fact

NOIm Verb advice 1Jdvals to advise 1Jdvalzl use louse abuse to abuse belief to believe relief Inlifl to relieve Irllivl

to excuse to excuse breath to breathe half Ihafl to halve Ihavl house Ihaosl to house Ihaozl

safe Iseafl to save Isew bath Ibael to bathe lbel61

10 1 B I did do it 2 B 3 B I 4 B I knew that ago 5 B 1didnt tell 6 B I teU her 7 B I 8 B I 9 B I like Annie I think

10 B 11ike her

94 key

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9

10 11

12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Phonetic symbols

Consonants

Ipl as in pen Ipenl bl as in big bIg I It I as in tea Iti1 Id as in do Idu1

IkJ as in cat Ikret Igl as in go Ig~ol

IfI as in four IfJI Ivl as in very veril

lsI as in son ISAnl IzI asin zoo Izu1 11 as in live Ihvl ImJ asm my ImaJi Inl as in near Im~1

hI as in happy hrepil

Irl as in red Iredl Ijl as in yes Ijesl Iwl as in want Iwont

leI as in thanks lerelJksl

161 as in the 16~1

III as in she IIi1

13 I as in television ltehvl3l11

ItII as in child ItlaIldl Id3 I as in German d33m~nl

IIJI as in English IllJghJI

Vowels

2S li1 as in see Isi1 26 III as in his IhIzI 27 Iii as in twenty Itwentil 28 leI as in ten Itenl 29 lrel as in stamp Istrempl

30 101 as in father fo6~1

31 101 as in hot hot

32 IJI as in morning lmJmIJI 33 101 as in football lfutbJII

34 lu1 as in you Iju1 3S IAI as in sun ISAnI

36 131 as in learn 113nI 37 I~I as in letter 1let~1

DIphthongs (two vowels together)

38 lell asm name Inelm I 39 ~o as in no In~o

40 lall as in my Imal I 41 lau asin how haul

42 bJi as in boybJJi

43 II~I as 10 hear hI~1

44 le~1 as in where Iwe~1

45 lu~1 as in tour Ito~

BoskofVictoria Ivleva) Kobal j)rnterlDrearnw1orks) (Frank

(New (ralnlx)wlhotodlsc) 64 (Taj MahaljPhotodisc) Phcltolilbrary

1ul 1 RFJ 35 (mother ampdaughter in kitchenj wCltchling1V1rMltJlOdlgtoord RF) Punchstock

(two men all~illgJIlJal1lanaStoct) 19 ofboo~S~lot(~isc)32~~re~miln2

UNIVERSITY PIllESS

Great Clarendon Street Oxford OX2 6DP

Oxford University Press is a department ofthe University ofOxford

putllistling wOlrldvvide in research scholarship

Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala lumpur Madrid Melbol1rne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto

With offices in

Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Poland Ponugal Sin~alllOre South Korea Thrkey Ukraine

OXFORD and OXFORD ENGLISH are registered trade marks of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries

() Oxford University Press 2009

The moral rights ofthe author have been asserted

Database right Oxford University Press (maker)

First published 2009 1013 2012 1011 2010 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

No unauthorized photocopying All rights reserved No part ofthis publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means vvithout the University Press

expJresslly pE~rmined by law the applropriate organization Enquiries concerning reproduction outside

should be sent to the ElT Rights Department Oxford University Press at the address above

You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer

Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain and their addresses are provided by Oxford University Press for information only Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility for the content

ISBN-13 9780 194714433

Printed in China

This book is printed on paper from certified and wen-managed sources

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

16 A Vision Life 2004 Reproduced by kind

permission ofClare Chapman p54 Seeker reproduced from Radio Times Magazine 2-9 July 2004 Reproduced by kind permission

nustrntions by Gill Bunon p9 Paul GiIIiganJ(etty Images Ned jolliffe pp 36 69 Roger Penvvill pS8 Harry Venning pp38 5771 80 172

Commissioned Photography by Pierre dAlancaisez 134 Mark Mason p47 Garry OBrien (cottage) p60

1kn1IC IJnh reslllltsfPallil Bald1esare) 32man at desk Iptlilnir wmiddotflITIIn smiJirtgfStere Hamblin) 50 (Concorde

Richard Cooke) SO (Angel FaUsJacquesjangoux) 51 (Praia Da peL) 60 (GrandadfDenmanJAlamy) 63 (man on phonefFogStock) 67 (girl two boysJUPITERIMAGESCreatas) 71 (woman manimageshop) 791windsurferl Steve Austin) Anthony Blake Photo Buntrock) Axiom Photographic Agency 50 (Petronas TowersfMary Winch) Cartoon 11 (carAdey Bryant) 15 (waiterJPatrick Hardin) 24 (answerphone Hatley Schwadron) 39 (advertiSingJohn Morris) 65 (customsRoy Nixon) 74 Percival) Corbis pp 05 (woman on phone FancyfVeerl 12 Van Hasselt) 21 (ShrekEriko SugitaJ Reuters) 26 (Frank AbagnaleReuters) 28 (women having serious talkfNorbert Schaefer) 42 (Gisele BundchenEpitacio setl Christian SinlorlpiietriiSjgrrla) 77 (girl at computerlWA-JDCj 79 (woman walking in Ramazanijzefa) Coreyography LLC Images p13 Exley Publications Fiddys Guide to Husbands

Lose Weight) 31 78 Getty Editorial pp17 Ihi1Icpr lPnitllrlmiddotiPI~fltnmiddot 56 Impact Photos Ltd

68 (having coffeeBrand XPictures) 71 (mature manfRubberball) 76 (two menJIT Stock free) 82 Rex Features pp06 Studio Aisslinger 30 (Tom Meddle)

ISBN 978-0middot19middot471443middot3

III II9 780194 714433

  • boonedpdf
    • coverpdf
    • workbook with key
      • end
Page 4: Upper-Intermediate Workbook with

The tense system Auxiliary verbs havehave got

No place like home

The tense system Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141 14 My favourite white T-shirt went pink It

1

Identifying tenses Write in the correct verb form active or passive using the verb in the box

15

- shy ___with my daughters red jumper

Simon was all wet because he -- shy __the car

sell walk

A How did you get here

16 My sister earns a good salary She _____ computer software

2

3

B We walked It didnt take long

Our baby Jack _____ now Hes a year old

I need to have a rest We non-stop for four hours

17

18

If no one offers to buy the house it _____ by auction next month

I wish Id bought that antique chair I saw in the

shop window Im sure it will have been ~old by now

take teach

4

5

It was a hard match At half-time one of the

footballers to hospital

This shirt fits me 1 _____ it

19

20

At the end of this term I for six years

The children how to make cakes when one boy dropped his bowl on the teachers foot

2 Complete the tense chart with the verb forms from 6 My cat looked guilty He_____some food exercise 1from the kitchen table

7 We need a new car We this one for ages

8 We a lovely picnic until my wife was stung by a bee

9 Dont phone at 800 We _____ dinner then

make

10 Our sandwiches _____ freshly

_____daily

11 Have you heard about Lenny He _____ redundant

12 By the time Im forty I _____ enough money to retire

wash 13 A Where are my jeans

B They at the moment

Active Simple 2 ntinuous

Present

Past walked

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

Passive Simple Continuous

Present

Past

Future

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Future Perfect

4 Unit 1 bull No place like home

2 Correcting mistakes Correct the sentences

r working

10 l-wefk hard at the moment

because I have exams next week

20 Its really cold lately so Ive

bought a new winter coat

30 Arsenal play really well at the

moment Their new player has

real talent

40 Ive heard youll get married

Congratulations

5 0 I was doing my homework

when my friend was calling

60 When I was a little girl Ive

always spent my pocket money

on sweets

70 I worked with Paulo for two

years now and we still get on

well together

80 I cant decide what to buy

my brother for his birthday

Perhaps Im going to get him

a new shirt

9 0 A one-day strike has called by

London Underground workers

for Friday this week

10 0 The teacher said that Megan had

been working hard and was

deserved to pass all her exams

3 Choosing the right tense UII Read the telephone conversation between Sophie in New Zealand and her mum in Britain Put the verbs into the correct tense Sometimes there is more than one answer

Phoning home M Hello

S Muml Its mel How (1) you (do)

M Sophie What a nice surpriset Where (2)

_____ (phone) from

you

S 1(3) _____(stay) in a hotel in Auckland at the momen1

and I (4) just (find) this payphone

and I (5) (want) to actually speak to you for a while so

M Well it (6) (be) great to hear your voice We (7) ____

(miss) you so much Im glad you (8) _____(be) home in a few days

1cant waitl

S Me neither But I (9) _____ (send) you and Dad lots of emails and

letters havent I I (10) (write) you another long email today

but it isnt finished yet And I (11) (buy) you some fantastic

presentsI

M Good Im glad to hear itl And next time I hope you (12) _____

(not stay) away for so long and I hope we (13) _____ (be able) to fly

out and meet up with youl

S Of course you willi But Mum I (14) _____never _____

(visit) such a beautiful place in all my life Do you know where we

(15)_____ (go) yesterday It was a place called Hot Water Beach It

(16) (be) fantastic We (17) (dig) holes in the

sand and (18) (sit) in hot bubbling water up to our necksl

M Sounds amazingI Lucky you I

SOh I (19) really (look forward) to seeing you and Dad again on Friday See you at the airport at 830 Dont forget

M We (20) (wait) there with open armsl Safe journey Sophie See you soonl

Passives Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Active or passive 1 These sentences sound unnatural in the

active Rewrite them using the passive

1 They built our house in the 17th century

2 Someones decorating my flat at the moment

3 Has someone fixed the coffee machine yet

4 We ate in restaurants while they were building the new kitchen

While the new kitchen

5 We arrived at work to find out that someone had burgled our office

6 They wont recognize her in those dark glasses

She

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense active or passive

The burglars (catch) as

they (leave) the office

2 The postbox always

_____ (empty) at 12 midday

3 Aunt Mary is terribly upset Her cat

_____ (miss) for three days now

4 We _____ (drive)downaquiet

country lane when suddenly we

--____ (overtake) by a police car

5 When I woke up this morning the world

looked magical It (snow) all night

6 When you ( arrive) in

New York you (pick up) by one of our drivers and taken to the conference centre

6 Unit 1 bull No place like home

1 Put the verb in brackets into the correct verb form active or passive positive or negative Sometimes there is more than one answer

A German architect Werner Aisslinger thinks that he (l) _____

(find) the answer to our crowded cities He (2) _____ (invent)

a portable micro-apartment These apartments (3) (call)

Loftcubes and they can (4) ~____ (lift) onto any empty flat

roof by helicopter

Each Loftcube (S) _____ (design) with a kitchen and

- bathroom as well as a large living area They are extremely modern-

they (6) (build) using all the latest ideas fabrics and

technology in interior design

The Loftcube (7) first_____ (show) at an

exhibition in Berlin last year but Be~lin (8) _____ (be) the right

place for them because it (9) _____(have) a housing shortage

These apartments (10) _____need) in busy overcrowded cities

such as London and New York

They ClI (cost) very much - only pound38000 In the

future Aissl inger hopes that young professionals who often move from

city to city Cl2 (buy) them When it Cl3 ---- shy

be time to move they (14) ___ just _____ take their

home with them

Since the Berlin exhibition last year we U5 ____ _ (speak)

to a number of companies interested in building them but no decisions

(16) (make) yet says Aisslinger

He thinks that the homes (I7) (be) ready by the end of

next year Aisslingers vision of the future is of many rooftop communities

in each big City and it is possible that this way of life (lS) ---- shy

(reach) Britain first

2 Here are the answers to some questions about Werner Aisslinger and his Loftcube Write the questions

What A portable micro-apartment called a Loftcube

2 Why Loftcubes Because they can be lifted onto any roof by helicopter

3 Where At an exhibition in Berlin last year

4 In busy overcrowded cities

S pound38000

6 Young professionals who often move from city to city

7 Who A number of companies interested in building Loftcubes

8

By the end of next year

Auxiliary verbs Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

6 have be or do Complete the sentences with the correct form of have be or do Write A for an auxiliary verb and F for a full verb Sometimes the auxiliary is negative

1 [] They had finished supper when we arrived

2 [poundJ We had pizza for supper last night

3 0 It been a lovely day Thank you

4 0 I my homework very quickly yesterday evening

S D I always a shower after work

6 D I always had a passion for Lebanese food

7 D Fatima overslept so she catch her train

8 D What have you to your hair You look awful

9 D What your new boss look like

10 D This self-portrait painted by Van Gogh

11 D My car being repaired at the moment

12 D I hate the washing-up Id like a dishwasher

have and have got Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

7 Forms ofhave and have got Complete the conversations with a form of have or have got Sometimes both forms are possible

A Rebecca you a headache

B No its not that I a driving test tomorrow and I feel sick

A Good luck I hope you pass

B Well I a new car so it would be good ____ a driving licence

2 A ____ you ____ any pets

B No we you

A Oh yes I a cat all my life At the moment 1____ a cat two fish and two birds

B Id love a cat but Im not so sure about birds

3 A Come on We hurry Were late

B But I my passport I cant find it anywhere

A You it yesterday a look in your bag

B I it You were right

4 A Im looking forward to a few days holiday I ____ so much work for the past couple of months I a break forages

B Youre lucky I any holiday left

Unit 1 bull No place like home 1

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns

Write one word to make three compound nouns Check the use of hyphens in your dictionary

test works pressure sign10 donor map

cover line case port2 11 shelf mail

fall light 3 melon 12 break

skiing dream

house shake 4 grocer 13 writing

salad bag

club cube 5 mare 14 berg

time rink

brief birthday 6 suit 15 credit

book business

tea scape 7 plastic 16 lady

shopping slide

bow shop 8 coat 17 centre

drop car

note 9 rise 18 address

set visitors

Amazing But when we go on holiday one suitcase is too heavy for you

9 house and home idioms Tick (-) the correct definition for each idiom Use your dictionary

They get on like a house on fire a D They have a very good relationship b D They are always having arguments

2 Help yourself to tea or coffee - make yourself at home a D Make your own drinks

b D Please behave in my house as if it were yours

3 The comedians performance brought the house down a D The performance was a success

b D The performance wasnt a success

4 The news report really brought home to me the horrors ofthe famine a D The report made me realize fully the horrors of

the famine

b D The report clearly showed the horrors of famine

S His sarcastic comments really hit home a D He was sarcastic about my house

b D His comments really hurt my feelings

6 This shaky old bridge is actually (as) safe as houses a D Dont worry The bridge is very safe

b D Be careful The bridge isnt safe at all

2 DO Complete the conversations with the idioms from exercise 1 in the correct form

A I was so sorry to hear that your cat had died

B Thank you When I saw her empty bowl it really the fact that Id never

see her again

2 A How did the meeting with Andys parents go

B It was great We all

3 A Hello Sorry were so late our plane was delayed

B Dont worry Just sit down and relax and

Ill put the kettle on

4 A Did you read those excellent reviews in the local

paper about the school play

B Yes I did Apparently it

5 A Im not going up there It looks a bit dangerous

B Oh come on Its and the view from the top is fantastic

6 A Why is Terence always so horrible to poor Dennis

B I dont know But I could see in his face that Terences

cri ticisms really Perhaps hell finally get another job this time

8 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings

8 Phrasal verbs sometimes have a literal meaning and sometimes an idiomatic meaning

Ilooked up the tree but Icouldnt see my cat (literal)

Ilooked up the spelling in my dictionary (idiomatic)

In this exercise the phrasal verbs are all used literally Complete the sentences with a particle from the box Some are used more than once

I away on off bade out down in I The dentist said my tooth was bad He had to pull it

2 Dont run Come here I want to talk to you

3 My aunt fell the stairs and broke her leg

4 And I fell my horse

5 When the sun went it was really cold

6 A button has come my shirt Could

you sew it back for me

7 I dont feel like cooking tonight Shall we eat

-----

8 Im going to the library to take _____ the books Ive finished

9 Ive just hung the washing out and its starting to rain Can you help me to bring it

10 Dont throw that empty box Im sure I can use it for something

Jenny andJanine fell out again last night

2 Complete the pairs of sentences with the same phrasal verb from the box in the correct form Write L for a literal meaning and I for an idiomatic one

take off fall out pick up sort out put up stand up hold on

o After my operation all my hair ----- Its growing back now though

o Jenny and Janine again last night I could hear them arguing

2 0 Im coming to London for an interview next week - can you me for the night

o your hand if you know the answer

3 0 I all my clothes drawers today so now I know where everything is

o Weve got a problem here but if we try hard Im sure we can ____ it-___

4 0 When I was at school we had to _____ when the teacher came in the room

o You shouldnt let your sister tell you what to do all the time You should for yourself more and say what you think

5 0 A Can I speak to Kate please

B Ill just get her

o When youre riding on the back of a motorbike you have to tight

6 0 Its too warm to be wearing a jumper Why dont you it

o After a slow start my business finally started to

7 D I was never taught how to cook I just ___ it from my mother

D The babys crying Can you him

----

Unit 1 bull No place like home 9

2

Pronunciation

lei li1III

Itter b1(gt(

lui lrellu1

101gt1 131

Write the words from the box in the correct place on the chart There are three words for each vowel sound

letter bsy tree suit good cool sock camp early w~ther f~ther floor woman walk fath~ work wQmen shoe search heat m~chine mother daughter fun machine b~lding wQrry odd breakfast want g~rden f~mily

could accent banan~ banana

IAI

101

lal

listening 12 Agood mate

1 011 Listen to the conversation Mark the sentences true (I) or false (~)

1 0 Mike and Jerry arranged to meet 2 0 Mike has been away 3 0 Jerrys enjoying work at the moment 4 0 He likes his new boss 5 0 He doesnt want to apply for another job 6 0 He and Sara have enough money for a new car 7 0 Jerry is going to convince Sara that Mike needs

a holiday 8 D Mike is grateful to Jerry

2 011 Listen again and find expressions for these definitions

visit someone unexpectedly ________

2 Thats a shame I boring I not fair ______

3 a very important person _________

4 I dont understand ---------- shy

5 not feel able to do something________ 6 Thanks ______________________

3 Look at the tapescript on p83 Find examples of where words have been missed out in informal conversation

11 1

Vowel sounds and sentence stress IDI Each of these words in phonetics has a different English vowel sound Write the words (They are all from Unit 1 of the Students Book)

There is a list of phonetic symbols at the back ofthis Workbook

1 Ifrendl 7 Islreml

2 rIlJghJI 8 Iboksl

3 Iklinl 9 lagtu

4 lrohnal 10 IW3k

5 Itukl 11 ItJoU

6 grupl 12 Iwmtal

DO This chart shows the main English vowel sounds

10 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Present Perfect Continuous verb forms have something done

Been there done that

Present Perfect Grammar Reference Students Book p141

Present Perfect Simple or Continuous Match the lines to make sentences

A I -

1 Ive written Ive been writing

to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday

my essay all morning

2 Ive lost weight recently Ive been losing my car keys

3 Theyve missed you lots so come home soon Theyve been missing the train

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work early today to meet Paulas left her uncle

work late all this week

6 The cats been going to our neighbours to have The cats gone its dinner

upstairs

7 Hes had aheart attack Hes been having second thoughts about

accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy anew television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming Ive swum

twenty lengths today which is why my hair is wet

10 Ive been finding my cheque book at last Ive found it difficult to concentrate

recently

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous

Iv k plavinA (play) tennis all morning and Im really tired

2 Please drive carefully to work It_____ (snow) and the roads are very dangerous

3 Howfar _____ you _____ (travel) this morning

4 Kay and Bruno Parker (live) in London for the past five years Recently they _____ (try) to buy a house in the country but they (not manage) to sell their flat yet

5 Bill and Andy (argue) a lot recently because Bills always leaving work early

6 I (eat) so much icemiddotcream I feel sick

7 The trains (run) late all morning

8 Cecilia (cry) all day because she ---__ (fail) all her exams

9 I (sunbathe) all morning and now Ive got sunburn

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 11

2 Present Perfect and Past Simple Look at Junko Tabers personal history Complete the questions and answers

Junko 11lbei THE FIRST WOMAN TO CLIMB EVEREST

Born in Fukushima Japan

Started at Fukushima Elementary School

Went mountain-climbing for the first time with her school class

Joined a mountaineering club

Graduated from Showa Womens University with a degree in English and American literature and devoted herself to mountaineering

Got married

Started the first womens climbing club in Japan

Had her first child a daughter

Climbed Mount Everest and received a medal from the King of Nepal

Hadason

Became the first woman to climb the Seven Summits (the highest mountain in each of the seven continents)

Climbed her 113thmountain

Where was Junlco Tabei born In ____________________________

2 Which ____________________to

FukushiMa EleMentary School

Simple or continuous verb forms Grammar Reference Students Book p141

3 Spider-boy I Read about Scott Cory and choose the correct verb form

Spider-Boy JENNIFER CORY (1) stands is standing in Yosemite National

Park California looking though a powerful telescope She looks

like a bird-watcher but she (2) actually watches is actually

watching her 14-year-old son Scott who (3) climbs is climbing

the face of a 2900-foot mountain He (4) has climbed has been

climbing all morning and he (5) has nearly reached has nearly

been reaching the top

Scott Cory is the American schoolboy rock-climbing sensation

He (6) has already climbed has already been climbing some of

the highest most dangerous rock -faces in the world He (7) started

climbing was starting climbing when he was seven and he

(8) broke was breaking his first record when he was II He

(9) became was becoming the youngest person to climb the

famous EI Capitan mountain in one day He (10) has been named

has been being namedSpider-boy by the press

Scott (11) trains is training at least five hours aday four days a

week He (12) has prepared has been preparing for months for his 3 How long __________ climbing

Since she ______________________

4 What ___________at university

5 How long _________________ married

_______________________ 38 years

6 What ______________ she was 30 bull

7 When _________Mount Everest ________________ 36

8 Who _____________________ a medal The __________________________~

9 How many _________climbed

10 Has _______________ exciting life

latest challenge Next month he (13) will climb will be climbing

La Esfmge mountain in Peru Steve Schneider 43 his fellow rockshy

c1imber says I (14) havent seen havent been seeing any other

kids do what he does

l1li Read Scotts email from Peru Complete the email with the verbs in the box in the correct form Decide if the verbs are simple or continuous Sometimes there is more than one answer

do (x 2) arrive choose stay go become train call be not be look make take prepare not enjoy sound get

Dear Mom and Dad

Lots of love from sunny Peru I (1) M doing fine so far

and Steve (2) good care of me as usual We

(3) _____at Lima airport last night I

(4) the flight much It was very long

Lima is very hot and crowded but we (5) _____

only here for one more night Tomorrow we

(6) to La Esfinge to take a look Steve says

that out of all the mountains here he (7) the

hardest climb for us It (8) Welcome to the

Slabs of Koricancha Funny name eh

I think this climb (9) harder than anything

I (10) in my life The high altitude

(11) it difficult to breathe And there

(12) many hand and foot holds because the

rock face is so smooth But I (13) forward

to it It (14) like a lot of fun

I (15) so hard recently and I think I

(16) enough for this climb So please dont

worry about me If we (17) to the top we

(18) _____ the first Americans to do it

Wish me luck and thanks for everything Mom and Dad

Scott

Passive Grammar reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Present Perfect passive 1 Rewrite the sentences using the passive and omitting

the subject

The shop has already delivered the new sofa Thenewsofu __________________________

2 Have the workmen repaired the street lights yet

3 The government has just passed some new antishysmoking laws

Some new anti-smoking laws ------------ shy

4 The local counci1 hasnt built any new homes for twenty years No _________________________________

5 Nobody has watered the plants The plants ___________________________

2 Rewrite the newspaper headlines using the Present Perfect passive

Rat Alert at BuckinahaJD Palace

Ratl hav4 found itt BM~M PaiaM

2 Dramatic Rescue of Yachtsman in Pacific

Theft of Valuable Jewels fngtnl Sothebys

4 Missing Boy Alive

5 Huge Pay Rise for Police

6 Monsoon Kills 260 in India

7 AncieDt Tomb Discovery iD Egypt

5 have something done

1 Look at the difference in meaning between these three sentences

fve repaired my bicycle=I repaired it myself My bicycle has been repaired =Someone repaired it It is not important who did it fve had mybicycle repaired = Iarrangedpaid for someone to repair it for me (have + object + past participle)

2 Have something done is used to talk about services that you ask someone else to do

rmgoing to have myhair cut

1 Rewrite the sentences using have something done

Johns kitchen is being decorated

Uampg having thamp kitchampn duoratampd

2 My sister wants someone to pierce her ears

She wants to _________________________

3 My eyes are going to be tested

Im going to _________________________

4 Mr and Mrs Turners car has been serviced They ____________________________

5 Our television hasnt been repaired yet We havent __________________________~

2 Its Melanie and Kens wedding day Look at the notes and write sentences about what they have had are having done

ghampghad hampr wuJdin9 drampgg Madamp Uamp bullbull Thampy bullbullbull

R~C~NiLY - wedliiKl dress ~ - t~ iKvitttioKS priKted - t~ ctJ(e decortted

y~ST~RDAY - weddiK~ S1Ait amplivered - klir e1At

TODAY - klir c1o-Ke - ftowers amplivered

~~~T W~~K - ~otos ampveloped - weddiK~ dress d1-elepound-Ked

8 Ferrari Shock - 2000 Redundancies

14 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Vocabulary 1

6 Revision make or do 1 IDI Complete the conversations with make or do in the

correct form A How many wedding invitations do we need

B Mmm Let me see Fifty Thatll ( 1 ) fine

2 A Cant you (2) ___

schoolwork Joe

B Well Im (3) ___

more of an effort with your

my best Dad

3 A What have you bought all that old furniture fod

B Im going to (4) it up and sell it I think Ill (5) a nice profit on it

A Is this what youre going to (6) for a living now What happened to your job at the bank

B It was boring And they asked me to (7) overtime Im not working on Saturday mornings no way

A But it was a good job You couldve (8) well there

B Well I didnt like the manager much I dont think I (9) a very good impression on him

A Well Im not surprised You never (10) it to work on time

B Anyway you should have seen his face when I told him I was leaving (11) my day

A Oh that (12) it I can (13) without you and your old furniture all over the place Im going to look for another flatmate

5

6

7

The foods prettybad here but we make up for it with exceptionally large portions

2 Complete the sentences with these expressions in the correct form

make up for sth make off with 5th make the big time make sth of 5b do without 5b could do with sth make 5th in time

Wow Look at your name in lights

outside the theatre Youve really

2 Thank you so much for helping me

I couldnt

3 A What happened to my tuna sandwich

B Im afraid the cat grabbed it and

Sorry

4 Flowers and chocolates I know youre

trying to forgetting

my birthday But youll have to try harder

than that

Im really hungry I a big steak and chips right now

Cathy behaves really strangely sometimes

I dont know what to

Im late Ill never

the station

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 15

Vocabulary 2 Prepositions 7 Travel and transport 8 Prepositions of movement 1 Tick the verbs which go with each form of transport Complete the text with prepositions from the box

Use each preposition at least once

2 Complete the table below with the nouns in the box Some can go into more than one column

runway platform seat belt crash helmet harbour carriage traffic lights life-jacket ticket collector service station season ticket trolley tyres track horn port one-way street check-in desk traffic jam timetable hand luggage Customs deck tunnel porter cabin aisle seat

get intut of

car bus bike train plane 1-

shipferry

get onoff

takeoff

land

ride

drive

catch

miss

board

park

charter flight cycle lane cargo

car bus bike -

~

train plane shipferry ~

across against on onto along in off into up out of over through past to towards at

Joes journey across town Joes plane landed on time (I) ___

Heathrow airport He had exactly one

hour to get (2) the airport

and (3) ___

Manchester He hurried (5) ___

Customs and passport control and then

raced (6) the taxi sign at the exit

Unfortunately at that moment the strap on his rucksack

broke and it fell (7) his back and (8) -- shy

the ground Dirty socks shirts and tee-shirts spilt all

(9) the airport floor Joe was so embarrassed~

He stuffed everything back (10) his rucksack

and pushing his way (11) the crowds of people

finally made it (12) the taxi rank He jumped

(13) the nearest taxi shouting Euston Station

quickly please The taxi had to stop suddenly to avoid a

child so Joe was thrown forward hitting his face

(14) the glass partition The taxi sped on and

finally arrived (15) the city centre and inevitably

the middle of a traffic jam It would be quicker to walk Joe

paid the driver leapt (16) the taxi and ran

(17) the pavement (18) all the

brightly-lit shop windows At last he could see the station

oppositel but it was difficult to get (19) the road

because of all the traffic He reached the station just as his

train was leaving He jumped (20) the barrier

raced (21) the platform and leapt (22) -- shy

the train with seconds to spare He sighed with relief - he

would be home in time for New Year

16 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 1 IDJ Here are pairs of words in phonetic

script from Students Book Unit 2 Look at the stress marks Transcribe them and practise saying them

1 lkspbr~ lekspl~reIJ~n

3 k~ntnbjut lkontnbjuJnI

4 md~stril 1m I dAstri~l

S lIkon~mil ik~nomlks

6 pol~tlks pOI~tIJnI

2 What is the stress pattern of the words in exercise I Write the words in the correct column below

explorer

-

exploration

3 l1li Say these words from Unit 2 Write them in the correct column above

discovery develop backpacker information calculate abroad destruction kilometre unique destroy unspoilt Vietnam pollution industry environment paradise European destination diarrhoea inhabitant illegal

Listening 10 Acamping

nightmare

1 lID Listen to Susan talking to Alex and Marie about her camping trip Mark the sentences true (I) or false (1)

1 D Susan is in a good mood 2 D She went camping with her new friend Tiffany 3 D Tiffanys been camping before 4 D Susan was relatively calm in the storm S D Tiffany eventually saw the funny side of things 6 D Susans looking forward to going round to see Tiffany again 7 0 Marie was very sympathetic to Susan during the story 8 D Alex was very sympathetic about Tiffany during the story

2 Who makes these exclamations Put Afor Alex Mfor Marie and S for Susan

1 0 Hey Susan What a surprise 2 D Whoops 3 D I mean how silly 4 0 What a shame S 0 How awful 6 D What a nightmare 7 D Yuck 8 D What a ridiculous thing to happen 9 D Phew What a relief

10 D What rubbish

3 lID Listen again Complete the lines with the fillers you hear

she turned up with _____two suitcases and a

hairdryerl-____

2 she-----started crying a bit saying that she was

scared And I was trying to_____ reassure her

3 it all went dark and she freaked out and

started running across the field

4 Well I ran after her and fell into some _____ disgusting

muddy stuff

5 and then I started to laugh _____ really laugh

6 She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag

round her and grass and leaves in her hair _____

Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Narrative tenses Time expressions

What a story

Narrative tenses Grammar Reference Students Book pMl

1 Irregular verbs Complete the sentences with the irregular verb in the box in either the Past Simple or the Past Perfect

fallD~

Harry in love with the Greek way of life while he was working in Athens

2 He in love with every country hed been to but this was different He wanted to live there forever

tear 0 3 Josie saw Camillas trousers and asked how she

_____ them

4 While she was hiking in the Alps she _____ her

trousers on a rock

cost 0 5 It _____ an awful lot to have our car fixed

6 Ted told me his new car _____a fortune

fly D 7 When I went to Australia I was nervous because I

_____(never) before

8 The plane took off and into the clouds

catch 0 9 Suzy wondered how she a cold in the

middle of her summer holiday

10 She a taxi outside the restaurant and went back to her hotel

beD 11 Talks _____ held in New York last week to

discuss global warming

12 When the delegates left the talks no decisions _____ reached

2 Tick the verbs in exercise 1 which have the same form for the Past Simple and the past participle

2 Past Simple or Past Continuous Choose the correct tense

I lived I was living in Istanbul when I met I was meeting my husband

2 Our team played I was playing really well We won I were winning at half time but in the end we lost I were losing 3-2

3 I didnt think I wasnt thinking of having a birthday dinner but now Im glad I had I was having one

4 Im so tired The baby next door was coughing I coughed all night long and we werent getting I didnt get any sleep

S Roger sunbathed I was sunbathing by the hotel pool when he heard I was hearing a strange sound An enormous insect appeared I was appearing and landed I was landing on his leg

6 It was snowing I snowed when I got up I was getting up this morning The children next door made I were making a snowman so I quickly put I was putting on some warm clothes and raced I was racing outside to help them

7 Jack was playing I played happily in the snow when his big brother hit I was hitting him on the head and made I was making him cry

The kids just played quietlyal night like kids do

18 Unit 3 bull What astory

3 Which narrative tense Complete the article with the verbs in the box

Past Simple -

heard reached shouted said called wasnt went back in managed had to felt was swam pulled

Past Continuous -

was standing was trying were getting was recovering

Past Perfed Simple

had been knocked had taken had just finished had hit had moved

Past Perfect Continuous -

had been swimming had been surfing

Present Perfect

has been have been

Sightless swimmer saves a surfer Alec Munroe (1) had II cwiMMittq in the sea off the coast near his house

in St Ives Cornwall and (2) on the beach when he thought

he (3) cries for help

Despite being totally blind Mr Munroe (4) the sea to

rescue the person in difficulties

1 (5) just in the right place at the right time to help

somebody the 51-year-old (6) yesterday

Mr Munroe who (7) blind for 22 years (8) ____

to reach Matthew Slade by using the drowning mans cries to guide

him Mr Slade (9) but (10) off his surfboard by

a huge wave and (11) his head on a rock Mr Munroe

(12) through rough sea to find him then (13) ____

Mr Slade and his surfboard back to shore

Mr Munroe explained 1 (14) drying myself when someone (15) ____

Help I (16) back to him to keep on shouting 1 (17) think about the direction

of the wind too While I (18) to find him the wind and the waves (19) stronger

and stronger But I just kept going until I finally (20) him and got him back to the shore

It (21) a long time to fight through the high waves and we (22) completely

exhausted Last night Mr Slade (23) ____ in hospital from shock and a broken arm

What was even more remarkable was that Mr Munroe (24) familiar with the coastline

He and his wife (25) to St Ives only two weeks before

Fortunately I (26) a good swimmer all my life he said

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 19

2

4 1 time Use

in the same a 10 years ago

b my poem

3 married was

4 ( time I was 40

25 d until Iwas 30 many years e for years

6 f since six

7 g until I

8 the h when arrived 3 races9 station

10 j races

11 k until it was too

12 4 centre

13 m

14 TV n minute

15 He 0

2

5

estate

A Roman

centre

tenses 5

7

6

7 8 new

8 1____________________________________

a New

3 bull a

I base not write

There are many new charactersl by far the best one being

Puss-in-Bootsl

(14)

message that whether you (15)

whitel purplel

stili

thatIS the biggest fairytale of all

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review

DO Read the review and complete it with a verb in the correct tense active or passive

Shrek 2 is a bit more 01 the same but not quite says Gerard Cross

Fairytale ending I regard show feel like make I

Oont get me wrong I liked Shrek 2 When the film (1) in cinemas last weeki

kids and their mums and dads (2) itl too But the first Shrek will be the one

that (3) ___ as a classic

The most striking thing about the original Shrek was its freshness It (4) new

and excitingl because of the progress that (5) ---by the film industry in animation

techniques With Shrek 21 of coursel there isnt the same surprise

Imarry tell rescue introduce not make I

The film begins in traditional fair~tale style in the Kingdom of Far Far AwaYI as Prince

Charming (voiced by Rupert Everett) (6) the story of how he tried to rescue

Princess Fiona from the Dragon Butl of coursel Fiona (7) ___ already ___ by our

lovable monster Shrekl and whats morel shes (8) him Now Shrek (9) by

his new wife to his parents-in-law PredictablYI he (10) ___ a good impression on the King

and Queen (voiced by John Cleese and Julie Andrews)

voice love be end

who (11) by Antonio Banderas

AmusinglYI this character (12) on the

actorls film role of Zorro

However the plot (13) by the

original creative teaml and it shows The story

with a typically Hollywood feel-good

blackl

or a green monsterl you (16) ___

for who you are inside And unfortunatelYI

Unit 3 bull What astory 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature

The following words are related to prose poetry or drama Put them into the correct columns Some words can go in more than one column

nursery rhyme plot chapter critic director

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1phrasal verbs

There are four types of phrasal verb Types 2and 3 are on p36 in Unit 5and type 4 is on p48 in Unit 7 Type 1phrasal verbs consist of a verb + adverb There is no object They can be both literal and metaphorical

She stood up and wallced out (literal) The bomb went off (metaphorical)

backstage Match the phrasal verbs and definitions best-seller script 1 find out ~ have a calmer more stable lifereview 2 break up wait a minutecharacter

3 hold-on - be quietleading role 4 speak up - discovernovelist

blockbuster 5 set off be happier verse 6 stay in not go out stay at home fairytale 7 settle down talk louder setting 8 turn up arrive whodunnit 9 cheer up end a relationshiprehearsal 10 shut up begin a journeyscience fiction hardback

Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs from performance exercise 1 Put the verbs in the correct form thriller

playwright Peter hasnt arrived yet - I hope he _____ autobiography

soon act full house paperback

Poetry Prose -shy

Drama -

2 We have a long journey tomorrow What time do we have to

3 Why are you so miserable -----

4 I dont feel like going out tonight Shall we _____ and order a pizza

5 Larry was a bit wild at university but then he got a job found a lovely wife and had kids

6 After a long engagement Josh and Lil eventually _____because Lil had to move to Australia

to look after her sick father

7 Can I copy your homework The teacher will never

8 Im trying to watch a programme

and youre all talking

9 A Whats Bills phone number

B Ill just look it up

_____We cant hear you at the back 10

22 Unit 3 What a story

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs

Diphthongs are two vowel sounds which run together

hear Ihlal =hI + lal diphthong ral

hair Iheal =leI + lal diphthong leal

There is a list of diphthongs at the back of this Workbook

1 DB Choose the correct transcription of each word What is the other word Read both aloud

1 pay lpeJ lpe~ 5 dear dI~ Ide~ 2 write ralti r~utl 6 boy Ib~ul IbJIl 3 phone If~unJ falnJ 7 tour Itu~1 It~ul 4 round Iremd Iraundl 8 fair IfI~1 Ife~

2 DB Read the poem aloud Write the number next to the correct sound

SOUNDS AND LETTERS DONT AGREE

When the English tongue we speak

Why does (1) break not rhyme with (2) weak

Wont you tell me why Irs true

We say (3) sew but also (4) few

And the maker of a verse

Cannot rhyme his (5) horse with (6) worse

(7) Beard is not the same as (8) heard

(9) Cord is different from (10) word

(11) Cow Is cow but (12lowIs low

(13) Shoe is never rhymed with (14) foe

Think of (15) hose and (16) dose and (11) lose

And think of (18) loose and yet of (19) choose

think of (20) comb and (21) tomb and (22) bomb

(23) Doll and (24) roll

and (2S) hDme and (26) some

And since (27) pay is rhymed with (28) soy

Why not (29) fHJd with (30) SIlid I pray

Think of (31) blood and (32) food and (33) good

(34) Mould Is not pronounced like (35) could

Why is it (36) done but (37) gone and (38) lone

Is there any reason known

[]i1 [l]ell

Du1 Daul

D=gtI D31

[]I31 OIla

D31 D=gtI

Oaul Ol~ul

Du1 Daul

DtuzI D~uzl Oausl

DuzJ DusI

ODmI DumI O~oml

Doll Daull

OIAmJ D~uml

Dell DeIl

Dell Ole

Dul Du1 DIAl

Dudl D~ldl

Daul DIAl Dol

To sum up it seems to me

That sounds and letters dont agree

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 23

Questions and negatives I dont thi nk youre right

Nothing but the truth

Negatives Grammar Reference 42 Students Book pl44

Negative auxiliaries Complete the sentences with the negative auxiliaries in the box

isnt arent mnot hasnt didnt doesnt dont hadnt wont havent

Jackie speaks fluent French but 1___

2 We wanted to leave the restaurant but Fred ___

3 Ive been to America but my parents___

4 I thought Volvos were made in Austria but they ___

5 They said she was getting better but she ___

6 Ill be moving to London but my brother ___

7 My husbands going to the wedding but I ____

8 Jo likes Indian food but Andrew ___

9 Bill thought Id forgotten our wedding anniversary but 1___

10 The bedrooms been decorated but the bathroom ___

-1-II tt

f ~------------_____________1

2 no not -nt or none Complete the sentences with no not -nt or none

1 Ill help you but not tonight

2 We have no onions left Sorry

3 Non6 of us understood the lesson

4 The teacher wasnt very clear

5 I asked you __ to make a mess

6 Why did __you do what I asked

7 How do you manage __ to put on any weight

8 Bring Alessia to the restaurant but __ Ben Hes too loud

9 Theres __ meat in this dish so its suitable for vegetarians

10 A Who likes algebra

__ meB

11 A Wheres the nearest swimming pool

B There are __around here

12 She has __ idea of how to enjoy herself

13 Why have __ you emailed me for so long

14 I can cook but __ the way my mother does

15 A Do you work late

B __ if I can help it

16 A Wheres the coffee

B Theres __ left

17 __ plants can survive without water

18 Ive got __ time for people who are rude

19 __ of my friends smoke

20 A Do you like jazz

B __ usually

24 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

3 Opposite meanings Rewrite the sentences to give them the opposite meaning Make any necessary changes using negative forms and antonyms

1 Shes rich Shes got lots of money Shes poor She hastt got a~y money at all

2 I told you to go-to work Why are you in bed

3 Tom was a successful businessman who achieved a lot in his life

4 Our house is difficult to find Everybody always gets lost

5 We had a lovely time in Muscat There werent many people there

6 You must exercise your ankle Try to move it as much as possible

7 I must iron my shirt Im going out tonight

8 You need to come with me I wont go on my own

9 I was in a hurry because I needed to go to the shops

10 All of the students passed the exam so their teacher was pleased

4 I dont think youre right

In English we usually say I dont think + affirmative verb

I dont think Iknow you NOT IdliRk I deRt know you

We do the same with believe suppose and expect I dont expect well meetagain My parents didnt believe Id pass my exams

2 We can also use seem expect and want with the negative (+ object) +infinitive

She doesnt seem to be very happy I dont expect to get the job I dont want to go back to that restaurant He doesnt expect us to pass the exams

Rewrite the sentences using the verb in brackets in the negative

1 You havent met my wife (I think) dont think youve met my wife

2 You havent got change for a 20-pound note (I suppose)

3 This machine isnt working (This machine seems)

4 It wasnt going to rain (I thought)

5 Their daughters moving to Canada They arent happy (They want)

6 Im surprised to see you here (I expect)

7 You havent seen Robert recently (I suppose)

8 I wouldnt like snails (I think)

9 You probably dont remember me (I expect)

10 She didnt pass all her exams (I believe)

Questions ~ Grammar Reference 41 Students Book p143-144

5 Catch me if you can 1m Read the text about Frank Abagnale and write questions for the answers

Frank Abagnale was a brilliant conman for

five years Amazingly he started

at 16 Steven Spielberg made the

film Catch Me If You Can about

him starring Leonardo DiCaprio

and Tom Hanks

In 1964 Frank ran away to

New York upset because he had

quarrelled with his parents He was tall and

handsome with prematurely greying hair so he

decided to pretend he was 26 to get a job

His first con trick was to forge bank cheques

When the bank found out he had already collected

$40000 He had to change his identity so he became

Frank Williams a Pan Am Airways pilot He conned

Pan Am into giving him a pilots uniform and he

faked an ID card For two years he travelled round

the world for free with paid hotel expenses But

after he told his secret to his flight attendant

friend who called the police he had to

disappear again

Next he became a lawyer He forged a Harvard

law degree and then studied to pass the bar exam

He was also a hospital doctor (he left when he

actually had to treat someone) and a university

professor He taught Sociology and apparently

his classes were very popular Each time he had

to move on before the police caught up with him

He was eventually arrested in France in 1969

and sent to prison for five years

Since then he has worked as a financial fraud

consultant

2

How lang was Era1k A~agtt~[e a ~

Five years Qn man for

Steven Spielberg

3 to New York Sixteen

4

5

Because he had quarrelled with his parents

He was tall and handsome with greying hair

6 Forging bank cheques

7

8

$40000

Two years

9 His flight attendant friend

10 A lawyer

11

Sociology

12

13

In 1969

Five years

since then 14 Hes been working as a financial fraud consultant

26 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

hanks 7 Questions and prepositions 1 Complete the questions with the prepositions in

the box

I in of by with to from at about for on

What is your home town famous for

2 Who was that book written

3 Who does this dictionary belong

4 What are you looking

5 What did you spend all your money

6 What sort of books are you interested

6 Indirect questions 7 What are you talking

1 Make these questions about Frank Abagnale indirect 8 What are you so afraid --- 1 Where did he learn how to forge bank cheques 9 A Youve got a postcard

fm not sure B Oh Who is it 2 How did he have the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

10 Who are you angry James or me I dont know

3 Which countries did he visit as a pilot 2 Write a short question with a preposition in reply to

these sentences fd like to know

4 Why did his friend call the police A B

I went to the cinema last night Whowitll

rve no idea 2 A rm very cross with you 5 How did he manage to pass the bar exam B

I havent a clue 3 A Were going away for the weekend 6 Who gave him a job as a doctor B

I cant imagine 4 A rm very worried

7 Why did the police take so long to catch him B I wonder

S A rm going to Australia 8 What did he think of prison B Two weeks A month

Do you know 6 A I bought a present today

2 Write indirect questions about Frank Abagnale for these answers B 1 I wish I knew _______________ 7 A Have you heard Jane has got engaged

He told his friend because he was tired of living a lie B 2 Have you any idea _____________ 8 A Can you cut this article out for me

It took him three attempts to pass the bar exam B I havent got any scissors 3 Why do you think____________

He went there because he wanted to stop running and settle down in one place

4 Can you tell me

He spent five years in prison

S Do you know

He is truly sorry for what he did and has spent the rest of his life being a model citizen

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 27

8 Negative questions ~ Grammar Reference 41

Students Book p144

Match a question in A with a line in B

A

1

2

-

Are you ready yet

Arent you ready yet

I

a

b

What have you been doing all this time

Its time to go

3

4

Dont you want me to help you

Do you want me to help you

c

d

I thought you did

Iwill if you want

S 6

Arent you amember of the tennis club

Are you amember of the tennis club

e

f

Im sure Ive seen you there

If you are we could have agame

7

8

Dont you know the answer

Do you know the answer

g

h

Yes or no

Im surprised at you

9

10

11

12

Dont you think its beautiful

Do you think its beautiful

Didnt I tell you Im going out tonight

Did I tell you Im going out tonight

i

j

k

I

Surely you agree with me

Im asking because Im not sure

Icant remember now

Ithought Ihad Sorry

9 Can you keep asecret IDJ Complete the questions in the conversation Use How come once Sometimes there is more than one answer

A I went to a birthday dinner last night

B Didyou~

A Belindas You know my friend from work

B Oh yes What (1)

A It was quite good I chatted to various people

B (2)

A Well I talked for a long time to Vicky you know from school

B Of course Brainy Vicky (3)

A Shes fine Got agood job But actually shes not very happy at the moment

B (4) ___________

A I dont know if I can tell you Look you can keep a secret (5) ____---____

B Of course I can So what (6) -------

A Shes having a terrible time with her boss Mr Parker

B U) A You remember He came to our office once B (8) ___________

A You know Quite tall Dark curly hair

B Oh yes I remember now (9) use to wear glasses

A Thats right But he doesnt any more Anyway he had been talking about promoting her and everything when suddenly he went all funny and cold towards her

8 (10)

A Well turns out that hed promoted someone else Instead

B No (11) _____1

A Youll never guess Her colleague and best friend Tessa

B Not Tessa I cant believe it (12) Vicky -- shy__________ now

A Shes going to try to look for a new job But dont tell anyone

28 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

Vocabulary 10 Revision antonyms and synonyms 1 For the words in A write their opposites in B

using prefixes

A 8 C Adjectives

- ~

truthful ntrutftf1 di~honegf

real

credible

plausible

probable

pleased

normal

professional

important 1- - -

Nouns I ~

honesty

reality

belief shy - 1-

Verbs - - shy

appear

understand

trust

cover

2 In column C write synonyms for the words in B using the words in the box

fake confuse eisheRest reveal deceit unbelievable fantasy vanish ridiculous annoyed bizarre amateur unlikely trivial incredulity suspect

11 Hot Verbs keep and lose 1 Tick the correct column to make expressions with keep

and lose

keep 1-

I calm

lose ~

weight I

a promise

your way

in touch with sb

going

a secret

sb waiting

your temper

fit

2 Complete the sentences with an expression from exercise 1 in the correct form

When you go away please write rd like to _____ _____with you

2 When Joe broke the TV I my and started shouting at him

3 Can you Dont tell anyone but Im going to ask Vicky to marry me

4 Have you been here long Sorry to you I took the wrong road and I my ____

I had to ask for directions

5 A Ive lost my purse

B Now dont panic and well look for it

6 I go to the gym every day because I like to _____

And I ate so much on holiday that I need to ____

I

Can you keep a secret HOW TO LOSE WEIGHT

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 29

Prepositions 12 Verb + preposition

Many verbs are foHowed by prepositions Complete the sentences with the correct preposition

1 I agree with every word you say

2 I applied the job but I didnt get it

3 What are you all laughing Whats the joke

4 He died a heart attack

5 Shes suffering badly sunburn

6 Do you believe magic

7 I didnt realize that Maria was married - __ George

Pronunciation 13 Intonation in question tags

lID In question tags the intonation either falls ----- orrises~

1 ----- Falling intonation means that the sentence is more like a statement =Im sure Im right Can you just confirm this for me

Its really warm again today isnt it Yotlve lost the car keys again havent you

2 ~ Rising intonation means that the sentence is more like a real question =Im not sure if Im right about this Correct me if Im wrong

Yotlvebeen invited toJanes house havent you john didnt fail his driving test again did he

Both patterns are very common in spoken English because they invite other people to join in the conversation

8 Dont you think Mikes been acting ___a very strange way 1 lID Write the question tags for the statements Mark whether

it falls or rises ----- 9 Did you succeed convIncmg

1 Youre angry with me arf vou your father you were telling the truth

2 Last night was such a hot night 10 Compared you Im not very intelligent at all 3 You couldnt help me carry this bag

11 Weve complained our teacher 4 Antonios late again

---the amount of homework we get 5 Its cold for this time of year 12 Stop laughing me It isnt funny

6 Im just hopeless at telling jokes 13 Ive completely fallen love ___

7 You havent seen my pen anywhere Dubai

8 By the end of the film we were all in tears 14 Who are you going to vote ___ in the

singing contest 9 You wouldnt have change for a pound10 note

15 Tom Hanks has appeared ___ 2 lID Write a sentence and a question tag for these situations

IS major films and choose the intonation pattern

1 You ask Tom if he could help you do your homework ~

Tom YOU eould f help me with my hOMework eould you

2 Youre coming out of a restaurant where you have just had a really tasteless meal with a friend

That--------________________________________

3 You cant believe that your sister has borrowed your new coat again

You--_____________________________________

4 You need a neighbour to water your plants while youre away

You ________________________________________

5 You think that Vanessa is going on a business trip to Rome next week but youre not sure

Vanessa you _________________________________

Future forms Conjunctions in time clauses

An eye to the future

2 will or going toFuture forms Complete the conversations with will or going to in the

Grammar Reference Students Book pl44 correct form Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Question tags A make myself a sandwich Do you

Match a sentence in A with a question tag in B want one

B No thanks I have something later

- 1- 2 A Marco and Lia Florida this year for Youre going to work harder from will we their holidays now on

2 Ill see you next week doesnt it B How wonderful The boys love it

3 Kates leaving soon wont we especially Disneyland

4 Youll ring when you get there are you 3 A Bye Mum I meet Tom and Mel I

5 Our plane takes off at 4 pm wont I be back at about ten oclock 6 The decorators will have finished by

next week isnt she

wont you B OK but dont be late again or I

really annoyed be

7 You arent getting married next week

8 We wont need tickets to get in wont they 4 A Jo be furious when she finds out Ive

9 Wel be millionaires one day will he crashed the car

10 Dave wont be coming arent you B She understand if you explain that it wasnt your fault

S A I not work today I feel awful

B Dont worry I ring your boss and tell her youre sick

6 A Im tired I think I go to bed

B watch the news then I join you

7 A My boss has told me I be promoted

B Congratulations We have to celebrate

8 A Mr Smith now youve inherited all that money

you be the fifth-richest man in England How do you feel about that

B I tell you next week Im too shocked at the moment

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 31

I TAINK It Wllto~ rr0 COOL DoWN A srr

3 What does John say

Write what John actually says in these situations Use a future form

He sees some very black clouds in the sky

John Its goittg to rajnmiddot

2 His sister has just reminded him that it is his grandmothers birthday soon John 1______________

3 He has decided to study hard for his final exams John 1 ______________

4 Hes made an appointment to see the dentist next Friday John 1 ______________

5 He predicts a win for his team Manchester United on Saturday John I think _____________

6 Hes stuck in a traffic jam Hegts late for a meeting He rings his office

John Im sorry ____________

7 His sister is getting married The wedding is next March

John My sister _____________

8 His plane ticket for next Sunday says

Departure 730 am London Heathrow John My planemiddot ____________

9 He can see himself lying on a beach in Egypt next week at this time

John This time next week ________

10 He predicts hot weather there

John I think it ____________

4 Future Continuous or Future Perfect Tracey is a student at the moment Look at her plans for things she thinks she will have done or she will be doing by the time shes forty Write what she thinks using either the Future Continuous or Future Perfect

1 1I1I(000t to t~t statts

2 work ~am tlljOWoYIIQLts1l1l(

3 Livt til Ntw yom

-4 pa11 off 1111(11 stWo~tlolt ballk loall

5 tayll at ltast

-1100000 a ~ta y

6 tat oWot at ltast

foWoY tt~ a wu~

T YUII til CtlMyaL PAy~

tvtytj ~a~

~ gtt Vtytj f tt ) lI1I(antj allAmtneail

10 ~avt two e~i~ytll

By the time Im forty

1 rtf have movtd to the States

2 11 be workittg hard itt journalism

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

32 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

5 Pop star and soap star in the snow IDI Choose the appropriate future form Sometimes both are possible

Celeb Update bull UJIiilTI to tffl tfl a

Pop star and soap star in New York Celeb Update meets up with

Kym Manning who has

recently left the pop group

HearSing and her husband

the actor Jack Deane in

New York on the fi rst

anniversary of their marriage

CELEB UPDATE Hello Kym andJack What are you planning to do while you are in New York

Kym We (1) reqoinq to celebrate celebrate our first wedding anniversary here We love New York And of course we (2) ll have bouqht ll be buyinq lots of presents for our family

CELEB UPDATE Wonderful Now youve both been very busy this year What are your plans for the coming year

Kym Well we had to spend a lot of time apart last year I was on tour for nearly six months I (3) m notgoing to lea le wont ha Ie left Jack for such a long time this year

Jack Yes it (4) wont happen isnt happening again We are very happy together and we (5) are il be together forever

CELEB UPDATE Kym what (6) willyou be doing will you have done now that youve left the group HearSing

Kym Well I (7) mgoing to record ll record my own album as Ive now got a solo record deal

CELEB UPDATE Jack you left our best-loved soap East Londoners at the height of your popularity What kind of parts (8) will you be lookinq for will you have looked for now

Jack I (9) ll chanqe I mgoing to change direction I (10) Il do mgoinq to do serious drama Ive had some interesting offers already and I think 1(11) ll be makinq up ll have made up my mind which to take by the end of our holiday

CELEB UPDATE Kym of course you act as well as sing (12) Areyou planning Wiilyou plan to work on stage with Jack

Kym Jack is a great actor and we (13) work il work together if the time and the part is right But for the time being we (14) il be concentrating I ll ha le concentrated on our own careers

Jack And I know that in my new career I (15) llbeablel wont be able to count on the support of my lovely wife

CELEB UPDATE Thank you We wish you both luck for the future

Jack and Kym Thank you

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 33

6 Correcting mistakes In these conversations some of the future forms are wrong Find the mistakes and correct them

[2] A Have you heard Sues going to get married

Ifo B Really Im ~6ifl~ t6 give her a ring this evening

to congratulate her

2 D A What do you do this weekend

D B I dont know yet Maybe Ill give Paul a ring and

see what hes doing

3 D A Ill be honest with you Matthew I dont think

youre going to pass this exam

D B Dh no What will I be doing

4 D A Is it true that Rachel will get married to that

nice fiance of hers this weekend

D B Thats right And Im going to the wedding

Ive got to Im her bridesmaid

5 D A Our plane leaves at six 0dock on Saturday

morning

D B YukI You have to wake me up I can never get up

in the mornings

6 D A Its my birthday on

Sunday Im going

to be thirty

D B Thirty Thats ancient

You are getting your

pension soon

7 D A Mickey and David will be arriving soon and the

house looks like a rubbish tip

D B Dont worry Itll only be taking a few minutes

to dear up

8 D A Will you be going skiing as usual in January

D B Not this year Its too expensive Well stay at home

9 D A Ill ring you as soon as Ill arrive

D B Please do Well be waiting to hear youve

arrived safely

34 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Conjunctions in time clauses 7 Future time clauses

1 Notice that in clauses after if when as soon as until before after once and unless present tenses are normally used to talk-about the future A future form is not used

(II phone you when Itrive NOT when ffi arrive

I wont invite you unless you live up smoking

NOT unless yetAt give up

2 If it is important to show that the first action will be completed before the second action begins the Present Perfect is used

(II fax you the reports soons Ie written it

Theyre going to emigrate to Australia hetthe bMlyhn been born

Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the correct tense Present Simple Present Perfect or a future form

I Unless you

_____

(eat) sensibly you

(not get) better

2 We

_____

( not move) to Paris until we

(find) a flat there to rent

3 You

_____

(like) Adam when you

(meet) him Hes so funny

4

as you

you _____ (learn) to drive as soon

_____ (be) 17

5 The children _____ ( not go) to bed unless

_____ (have) a glass of milkthey

6 It

_____

(be) at least an hour before I

(finish) this report

7 fyou

you

(not do) well in the test

(have to) do it again

8 As soon as we

information we

(be) able to process the

(deal) with your

request

9 The doctor says that I

better once I

(feel) much

(have) the operation

10 Once you

you

(try) Glowhite toothpaste

(never use) anything else

Vocabulary 8 Revision take or put Complete the conversation with the correct form of take or put

A Come in Make yourself at home (1) some music on Pour us a nice cold drink

B Thanks I will Mmm something smells nice

A Oh dinners (2) ages Go and sit down (3) your feet up and (4) it easy Itll be a while before we eat Hows your week been

B ~rrible My boss is (5) pressure on me to (6) on another project But Im already working flat out and Im fed up with (7) work first all

the time

A I dont blame you But the business has really (8)

___off recently hasnt it

B Yes it has which is great of course But I think hell just have to realize that he needs to (9) ___

on more people now But hell never (10) advice from me of course I

A Well youve been there since the beginning and I think he just (11) you for granted

B I know Im like part of the furniture I have trouble

getting him to (12) any notice of me at all these days

A Oh dont (13) it personally Im sure he doesnt mean it like that Hes just too busy thats all

B Perhaps youre right But he should (14) himself in my shoes once in a while and realize how he makes me feel

A Youll just have to talk to him about it Anyway thisll (15) a smile on your face Dinner is seIVedl

9 Words commonly confused Complete the sentences with the correct word Put the verbs into the correct forms

expect wait for look forward to

I a We_____ the rain to stop so that we can play tennis

b The weather forecast says a lot of rain _____over the next few days

c Im very excited Im starting my first job

pass spend waste

2 a too much time with my mates and not enough time with my family

b I usually read the newspaper to the time on train journeys

c I my time at school I wish Id tried harder and studied more

see watch look at

3 a ___you _____ that new Spielberg

film yet b The police sat in their car They _____

every move the men made c this picture little Amy has painted

actually at the moment really

4 a A What a shame James lost the match B he won

b The children are out playing in the garden

c Love that dress You _____ look wonderful

lend borrow owe

5 a I have a student loan I the bank pound10000 which is a lot of money

b Jed pound5000 from the bank to buy a new car

c Could you _____ me pound20 until the end of the week Im broke

angry nervous embarrassed

6 a He felt when he realized that he couldnt remember her name

b rm very about my interview tomorrow

c Were _____ with the boss for not listening to us

Unit 5 bull An eye to the future 35

Phrasal verbs 10 Types 2and 3

Both type 2 and type 3 phrasal verbs have an object Type 2 Type 3

Take offyour coat Look after your sister I put the DVD on (1Iloole into the problem

2 In type 2 the particle can move Take your coat off I put on the DVD

If the object is a pronoun (him it me etc) the particle comes after it

Take it off NOT Take eft it tput it on NOT I Ptlt e it

3 In type 3 the particle cannot move NOT leek yetlr sister after

leek her after Ill leek the prehlem ite In leek it iftte

4 Dictionaries usually tell you which type a phrasal verb is put sth on The particle is shown after sth This is type 2 look into sth The particle is shown before sth This is type 1

Put a pronoun in the correct place in these sentences First decide which type of phrasal verb is used

1 Listen to this song Ill put it on for you

2 I know youve got a lot of problems but Im sure

youll get through them

3 I cant remember the directions I couldnt take ___ all in ___

4 Theres a problem with my computer Ill sort

___ out tomorrow

5 Were having a meeting on the 25th Put ___

in your diary

6 There are clothes all over your bedroom Please

put __away ___

7 If youre going out with your little brother youd

better look after ___

8 Im sorry you had a complaint about your room

Ill look into right away

9 That was a mean thing you said Take -- shy

back ___

10 I liked Ann but since you told me what she did

youve put me off -- shy

36 Unit 5 bull An eye to the future

Pronunciation 11 Sounds and spelling 1 IDI Match the letters underlined in each word

with the correct sound

1 wQnt IAl I~ul 101 2 walk IJI 101 101 3 wQnder IAl IJI 101 4 wQman lui I~ul IAI

5 w~rm IJI laii 131

6 wQrd IJI 131 laII 7 w~r le~1 lei li1

8 w~ght laii lell lei

9 w~nt lrel I~ol 101 10 wQrk IJI 131 IJII

11 w~nder IAl iJI 101

12 wQmen 101 I~ul III

13 worm IJI IJII 131

14 ward 101 lall IJI

15 weary le~1 II~I li1

16 w~rd lall lell II~I

2 lID In each group of words three words rhyme Choose the odd one out

1 IAl done phone won son

2 lui would should good blood

3 lu1 move love prove groove

4 I~ol though through throw sew

5 IeII weak break ache shake

6 laul flower power tower lower

7 131 worth birth north earth

8 leIl hate wait weight height

9 II~I fear near pear clear

10 le~1 share bear fair hear

WU~ I A~ED YOU TO PICK UP TUE CUILDRW RWM ~I-IOOL I TUOUGUT YOU WOOL[) GO IN TUE CAR

Countable and uncountable nouns Expressing quantity something somebody somewhere

Countable and uncountable nouns ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p146

Countable or uncountable Choose the noun in each group that is usually uncountable

holiday journey flight luggage suitcase 2 meal dish food menu dessert 3 cheque coin cash salary bonus 4 job employee boss unemployment profession 5 pop group musical music opera concert 6 arrest violence accident crime criminal 7 motorway traffic traffic jam hold-up rush hour

Choose the noun in each group that is usually countable 8 luck happiness opportunity fun help 9 ingredient cutlery fruit meat food

10 fresh air sleep fluid health energy

2 someorany Complete the sentences with some or any

1 I did exercise 1 without help

2 Would you like more fizzy mineral water I dont want more

3 people dont have problems learning foreign languages

4 Why dont you ask your father to lend you ___ money I havent got ___

5 My teenage sister never has difficulty learning the words of poems There are hardly she doesnt know by heart

6 I didnt realize that there was still ___ food left Ive made more

3 much or many Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets and much or many Make any other necessary changes

1 Im not sure how much drink to buy (cans of cola)

Im ~ot sure how may Gas of Gola to buy

2 Are there many jobs to be done in the garden (work)

3 I didnt spend many hours on the homework (time)

4 Did they do many experiments before they found a cure (research)

5 They couldnt give me many details about the delay in our flight (information)

6 I didnt have too much difficulty with this exercise (problems)

7 Ive got too many suitcases I cant carry them all (luggage)

8 There are too many cars and lorries on the streets of our town (traffic)

Compounds with some any no every 6 something anybody nowhere everyone

1 Any anyone anybody anywhere and anything can mean it doesnt matter whichwhowherewhat

Put the picture anywhere Idont mind You can say anythingyou want Idont care Borrow anybook you want

2 Everybody and everything are singular not plural Everybodyknows who did it Everything is ready for the guests

1 Complete the sentences with a combination of these words

some onebody any

thing+no whereevery

I dont care where we go on holiday as long as its _____ hot

2 Does want a cup of tea

3 Ive looked for my contact lens but I cant find it

4 A What do you want for dinner Harry

B Oh I dont care

5 This sale is fantastic Theres 5000 off----shy

in the shop

6 Its really boring at Auntie Marthas theres

absolutely to do

7 Im a very sensitive person _____

understands me

8 There was _____ for me to sit so I had

to stand

9 Janes going to work for _____she met

on holiday

10 Sue is such a chatterbox shes always got

--___ to say but she never says _____ interesting

11 Our cat will follow _____

12 Tommys so nice - ____ likes him

2 Match a line in A with a line in B

IA

a anything1 He told the police he knew

b nothing2 He didnt tell the police

c somewhere in London3 I think they live

d anywhere in london4 I dont mind Ill live

e phoned you Sorry5 Anybody

f can cook Its easy6 Nobody

g anywhere7 Ive searched

h everywhere8 I cant find it

9 I thought Id know i somebody at the meeting

j anyone at the meeting10 Ididnt know

11 My parents never took me k everywhere when Iwas young

12 My parents took me I anywhere when Iwas akid

13 Jane always got m everything she wanted

14 Jane didnt have n anything to wear

15 Ive already had o something to eat

16 Ive had p nothing to eat

IOfcourse nobody needs one thats why Icalledyou advertising people in

Unit 6 bull Making it big 39

I

Expressing quantity 7 Odonga uses his loaf

Read and complete the story of Odonga Bosko using the words in the boxes

I acouple multi much few little nobody

Odonga Bosko hasnt had (1) luck in his life-

until now that is And (2) could have predicted

how completely his life would change

(3) of months ago 20-year-old Odonga had (4)

____chance of escaping the grinding poverty

in his remote Ugandan village Now the excited trainee

printer is busily packing his (5) belongings

for his trip to Britain because a (6) ____-millionaire is

paying for him to study the latest printing techniques

at college

I any hardly any more all a bit part enough

Remarkably Odongas extraordinary change in fortune

is (7) because of a loaf of bread He explained

I was hungry but there wasnt (8) food in the

house I had (9) money - only 600 shillings (4p)

but it was just (10) to buy (11) of bread

The bread is usually wrapped in paper and that

day I saw it was (12) of an English paper so

I took (13) notice

I none piece more than any something no

On the (14) ___ of paper was an advert for a

printing jo b in Bristol (15) ____ of my friends

have (16) ____ work here I am training on a printing

machine which is (17) 40 years old and I

receive (18) wages I felt if I was going to

make (19) ___of my life I had to apply for this job

over a lot all several some a great deal of

It took Odonga (20) ____ hours to write the letter

and send it But it turned out that the advert had been

placed (21) ____ a year ago The company kindly sent

me (22) ___of information about (23) the

hi-tech machines they used I was even more determined

to get a chance to work on them

In Britain Odongas story reached the ears of Conrad

Millbank a tycoon who had made (24) money from

publishing He ordered his lawyers to find the enthusiastic

young African When I heard that a rich man wanted to pay

for my training I thought it must be a joke Now I am so happy

that I went to buy (25) bread that day

to use your loaf is an idiom meaning to use your brains I show intelligence

40 Unit 6 bull Making it big

Vocabulary 8 A piece of cake 1 What combinations can you make using nouns from the

two columns

~PieceVca~ead ~tu~~ce honey ~ loaf chocolate

bar toothpaste box chocolates

souptin lemonadecan

paperbottle colasheet

2 These sentences contain false information about the article Correct the mistakes

Odonga has quite a lot of money

Odonga has hardly any money

2 600 shillings is quite a lot of money

3 Odonga has few friends

4 Most young people in his village have jobs

5 It didnt take him much time to write his letter

6 There were some jobs available at the company

7 No-one heard about his story

8 Until now Odonga has had quite a lot of good fortune in his life

2 Replace the words in italics with combinations from exercise 1

1 Would you like some cake

2 All weve got for lunch is some soup

3 There are two clean pieces ofpaper on my desk

4 Dont forget to buy Mum some chocolates for Mothers Day

5 Do you want this chocolate Its plain and I only like milk

6 Theres only one bit ofbread in the bread bin

7 How much cola have we got left over from the barbecue

8 Hello reception This is room 40l Theres not a single bit ofsoap in the bathroom here

9 We brought you some special honey back from the country

Unit 6 bull Making it big 41

Prepositions 9 Prepositions and nouns 1 Which prepositions go with the words on the right in these two tables

A

above

t IraquoeIow

t on

1-

t over under

avera~e

foot

arrest

pound500

75

freezing

18 years old

new management

holiday

pressure

business

B

at by

durinl in ~

on ~f--

midni2ht

the night

New Years Day

the winter

Friday afternoon

the weekend

time

afortnights time

the rush hour

his forties

2 Complete the article with prepositions from exercise 1

Whos that girl

Remember Gisele Bundchen the half-German half-Brazilian model

who came to fame (1) the late 1990s when she was still (2) ----shy I

eighteen years old (3) the next five years her face appeared in

(4) __ a hundred magazines and fashion campaigns (5) five feet

ten inches tall she was slightly (6) average height for a model but

she was still very popular earning (7) average $7000 an hour

But (8) __ the height of her career she decided to walk away from all

of that turning down (9) 90 of her forthcoming projects (10)_shy

her year-long absence she went (11) __ winter holidays with her family

and acted in her first film

People wondered whether she had been (12) too much pressure

or she was working (13) new management but apparently not The

23-year-old is making a comeback but (14) her own time She wants

to be more selective and creative and is aiming for longevity in the short-lived

fashion world So still expect to see her (15) her fifties

42 Unit 6 bull Making it big

3

4

5 0 The order was placed on I September

6 0 John Barker is going to call Ellen Miles later that morning

Who says these things Write R (receptionist) E (Ellen Miles) or J(John Barker)

I 0 Will you hold 2 D How are things 3 D Bear with me a moment 4 D Are you ready 5 0 What was it again

6 D Ill read that back to you 7 D Somethings come up 8 D Ill expect your call

Look at the tapescript on p84 and find equivalent expressions for these phrases

1 Who do you want to speak to 2 Im connecting you 3 an order I made 4 no more than a week

3

4

Listen and check Practise reading the text again

Read this news item and mark the stress Then read it aloud again paying attention to the shifting stress

Exports increased in the last quarter due to the present

buoyant economy Ministers are content with the results

saying that they reflect the progress made in decreased

regulation for small businesses

Tax refunds are on the increase as invalid assessments

multiply in the tax office Tax officers protested against t he

criticism levelled against them saying that they were

insulted by suggestions that they were not able to produce

the correct results They said they were compiling a report

which would present in minute detail the problems they

were experiencing since the computer contract had been

placed with another company

5 6 7

Do you have the order code with you that all seems to be correct Ill phone you again before 12 5 lID Listen and check Practise reading the texts again

listening 10 Abusiness problem

IIJI Listen to the phone call Who is calling who Whats the problem

lohnBarker

2 IDJ Listen again and mark these sentences truel or false~

D John Barker and Ellen Miles know each other

2 D John Barkers secretary confirmed the order

3 D Deliveries take more than a week

4 0 The order code is FED 2054780498 MX

Pronunciation 11 Shifting word stress 1 Listen to the pronunciation of the words

Write N for noun and V for verb

1 0 refuse 7 0 permit

2 0 transport 8 0 record

3 0 produce 9 0 contract

4 0 decrease 10 0 desert

5 0 progress 11 0 present

6 0 insult 12 0 content

2 Read this news item aloud Pay attention to the shifting stress on words that are both verbs and nouns

Good evening Here is the news

Oil imports continued to increase in the last quarter

Demand for transport fuel is already at record levels

and the Prime Minister refuses to pennit any further

increases Members of the Transport Workers Union

objected to his criticisms They insisted they will protest

against any possible future sanctions They presented

a report maintaining that present fuel increases are

due to a decrease in investment in railway transport

by the government

Unit 6 bull Making it big 43

Modal auxiliary verbs and related verbs need

Getting on together

Revision of all modals Grammar Reference Students Book p147

Meaning check Choose the correct explanation for each of these modals

Amy may look for a new job

a ~ Amy has permission to look for a new job

b [ZJ Its possible Amy will look for a new job

2 I couldnt swim until I was 16

a D I wasnt allowed to swim until I was 16

b D I wasnt able to swim until I was 16

3 No one can smoke in the cinema

a D No one is able to smoke in the cinema

b D No one is allowed to smoke in the cinema

4 You should wear glasses

a D My advice is that you wear glasses

b D Its possible that you will have to wear glasses

5 Will you answer the phone

a D Are you at some time in the future going to answer the phone

b D rm asking you to answer the phone

6 I couldnt get the top off the jar

a D I wasnt allowed to get the top off the jar

b D I didnt manage to get the top off the jar

7 You must be tired

a D rm sure you are tired

b D You are required to be tired

8 Andys busy so he may not go to the restaurant

a D Andy doesnt have permission to go to the restaurant

b D Theres a possibility Andy wont go to the restaurant

44 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

2 Which modal 1 Complete the sentences with correct words from the box

Often there is more than one answer

will should can ought to could must may have to might

I You get your hair cut Its too long

2 I ask you a question

3 Young children be carried on this escalator

4 You ___ never get a seat on this train Its always packed

5 I ____ be studying Mandarin Chinese next year

6 already speak five languages fluently

7 Youll work much harder if you want to pass

8 Its Saturday night There be something good on TV

9 You ____ leave your valuables in the hotel safe

10 You be over 1m 60 em tall to be a flight attendant

2 Choose the correct answer

You mustnt wont have any problems with Jack Hes such a good baby

2 You dont have to mustnt use cream in this sauce but it makes it much tastier

3 I couldnt wouldnt watch my favourite TV programme because Mia rang up for a long chat

4 Timmys so stubborn He just cant wont do what hes told

S Im afraid I cant may not come to your wedding as Ill be in Australia

6 I was able to could get 20 off the price in the sale

7 You dont have to mustnt say a word about this to your mother Its a surprise

3 Positive to negative Rewrite the sentences to make them negative

You must stop here

2 We must learn the whole poem

3 They had to take off their shoes

4 He must be speaking Swedish

5 We had to wear a uniform at school

6 Youll have to help me do this exercise

Verbs related to modals 4 Online helpline IIiI Read the problem page and replace the words in italics with a modal verb or an expression with a modal verb

Online helaline Your questions answered confidentially

Im really worried about my friend She (1) always feels

its necessary to have the latest designer clothes And

shes getting worse Now if something isnt from the right

label she (2) refuses to allow it in the house Shes losing

touch with reality She (3) promised to come round for

coffee with me the other day but then (4) wasnt able

to because (5) it was necessary for her to go to a fashion

show As a good friend (6) is it a good idea if I talk to

her about it

We (11) arent allowed to smoke at work which

I find difficult We (12) Ire obliged to leave the building

when we want a smoke but we (13) Ire only able to

do this twice a day I go out three or four times but I

know I (14) m bound to get caught sooner or later

I think I (15) d better give up before I lose my job

What do you suggest

As a good friend (7) it is essential that you talk to her

about it This label thing Is certainly concealing a strong

inferiority complex and (8) maybe shell find it hard to

discuss it But if you (9) manae to persuade her that she

is lovable without designer gear then you (10) are certain to do her a huge service

Choose a day and just stop (16) Its possible that youll find

it difficult at first but persevere (17) Its very necessary that you dont give in to temptation When I stopped a few years

back I (18) wasnt able to stop thinking about cigarettes

but bit by bit it got better (19) If I were you Id try nicotine

patches (20) It is essential that you make the most of your

current determination Good luck

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 4S

2 Rewrite the sentences using the prompts 2 Complete the conversations with the correct

Its Annas birthday tomorrow so I should buy her a card

(d better) ________________

2 Guests shouldnt leave valuables in their room

(advised not) ________________

3 You can only smoke in designated areas

(Smoking permitted)____________

4 Im sure hell pass the exam Hes so clever (bound) _________________

5 You cant use dictionaries in this exam (The use of

dictionaries allowed)_____________

6 People under 18 shouldnt buy cigarettes

(supposed)_____---------- shy

7 Travellers to the States need a visa

(required)_________________

8 I expect youll find it difficult to learn Arabic

(likely) ________________

9 I cant come out I said Id help Jane

(promised) _________________

10 I wasnt allowed to go out until I was eighteen

(parents let) _______________

Modal verbs of probability 5 Present probability 1 Respond to the statements or questions using the words

in brackets Put the verb in its correct form

Harry is packing his suitcase (must go on holiday)

flt MUst be going on holiday

2 Jenny looks really unhappy (must miss best friend)

3 Whos at the front door (will Tom)

4 Wheres Kate Its nearly lunchtime (cant still sleep)

5 Why are all the lights on in their house (could have guests)

6 James has been working all night (must deadline to meet)

7 Its been raining all night (might difficult drive work)

8 Timmy cant find his little sister (may hide in the garden)

46 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

form of the verbs in brackets

1 A You really ( 1) (should go) to bed now or you (2) _______

____ (might feel) tired tomorrow 8 Ill go in a minute I (3) ______

_____ (must finish) this revision

first A You (4) ______ (will pass) the

exam easily Get some rest now

2 A Its five past eleven Ken and Cathys plane (5) (should touch down) at Riyadh Airport right now

S Your watch (6) _______

(must be) slow Its nearly half past A It (7) (can not be)

Ive just had it repaired

3 A Bring very warm clothes It (8) __________

(could snow) when we arrive B Oh yes Ive heard it (9) _____

_ ____( can snow) in the

mountains even in summer

4 A What are all those people doing with those lights and cameras

B They(10) ________

(must make) a film A Whos the leading man B Not sure It (11) _______

(might be) him over there And do you think that shes the leading lady

A She(12)-------- shy(could be) Shes certainly beautiful

enough

need 6 need

__ Need can work like a normal verb or a modal auxiliary verb

It usually has the forms of an ordinary verb +

infinitive with to She needs to go to bed Does she need to p to bed She doesnt need to go to bed

2 It is used as a modal verb mainly in the negative She neednt go to bed yet

But can sometimes be used as aquestion Need Igo to bed

3 Need + -ing = need + passive infinitive The car needs fixing The car needs to be fixed

Mark the sentences with M when need is used as a modal verb and V when need is used as an ordinary verb

1 D I need to go home 2 D You neednt come if you dont want to 3 D Ian doesnt need to pass all his exams to

get a place at university

4 D Money is desperately needed to protect the worlds endangered species

5 D Need I pay now or can I pay later 6 0 If you have any problems you only need to

tell us and well try to help

7 0 The garden needs watering 8 0 Leave the washing-up You neednt do it now

2 Choose the correct verb Sometimes two are correct

I mustnt neednt dont have to do this exercise but it might help

2 You mustnt neednt dont have to think Im always this irritable Ive just had a bad day

3 We mustnt neednt dont have to book a table The restaurant wont be busy tonight

4 Do you really must need to have to go now Cant you stay a bit longer

5 You mustnt dont need to dont have to eat all your vegetables Just have the carrots

6 Have I must need to got to ring and confirm my room reservation

7 My bike needs must has to replacing Look at the state of it

Vocabulary 7 Money 1 Match the words or expressions in B with a word or

expression in either A or C

C 1- shy

8A -

I opened--- -

will take ages -asavings account

My deposit account to payoffIchanged

His bills is good just nowHe accumulated debts of pound2000 r- is overdrawn

She contributes Inflation expires at theIearned pound2000 to the household bills end of July in interest went up by 2

My credit card some travellers cheques

The exchange rate

2 Read the story and choose the most suitable words

It

) Ben stood at the (1) check-in A

check-out at the supermarket as the

ft ~

assistant (2) summed added up his

(3) bill fees It came to pound7267 and she

asked him how he would like to (4) pay cost

Ben didnt have much money in his deposit account

because he hadnt been paid his monthly (5) wages salary

yet so if he paid (6) by cheque in cash he would be

(7) overdrawn overdue Then he realized he had left

his (8) credit card travellers cheques at home And he

couldnt afford to pay (9) cash money because he

only had pound60

The shop assistant told him that if he exchanged

many of the items he had bought for the shops

own brand he would (10) reduce accumulate

his bill by as much as 2500 So Ben set off

round the store again

His new bill (11) added came to only pound5650

- a (12) saving discount of pound1617 Ben got

pound350 (13) change coins from his pound60 and

his new (14) receipt recipe

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 47

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 4

1 Type 4 phrasal verbs have a verb + adverb + preposition The preposition has an object

Do you get on with your neighbours Weve run out ofsugar

2 The word order cannot change Do you get on with them

NOT 96 ytJtJ get 611 them with Weve run out ofit

NOT Weve ftIfJ eut it ef

3 Dictionaries show type 4 phrasal verbs by giving both the adverb and the preposition

get away with 5th

4 Sometimes a phrasal verb can be type 4 or type 1 Dictionaries show this

get on (with 5b) They got on well after five years working together They didnt get on with their noisy neighbours

I dont get on with my cousin

Paul

GETTING ON WITH

Complete the sentences with the combinations in the box

away with offwith (x 2) up for up with out of on with (x 2) out with (x 2) down on~

Joey Youve got a very guilty look on your face What naughty things have you been getting up to this time

2 The burglar broke into the house and made _____ a lot of jewellery

3 We must try to cut the amount of money we spend a month We spend more than we earn

4 Dont let me disturb you Carry your work

S Im sorry we didnt get into the cinema Ill take you to a restaurant to make it Does that cheer you up

6 There is a move in Britain to do cash transactions completely so that everyone uses a credit or debit card instead

7 Sams mean with money and hes always trying to get paying his fair share of the bills for the flat

8 I went _____Aimee for a pizza and then

she suddenly went my money I couldnt pay the bill

9 I cant stand my boss I cant put his rudeness a minute longer Im getting a new job

10 Judiths a very difficult person to get shy ____ Shes always having rows with people and falling _____ them

Judiths a very difficult person

We just dont

48 Unit 7 bull Getting on together

bull bull bull

listening 9 Not getting on

1 IDI Listen to the conversation and choose the best answer

Sophies annoyed 4 Anya wants Sophie to about 0 a 0 leave a 0 her friend b 0 be nice to her b 0 the evening c 0 tell her to stop it cD her boss

5 Sophie 2 Charlenes a D agrees to this

a D ignored her b 0 doesnt want to because b 0 been mean to her they are good friends c D laughed at her c 0 wants things to get

magically better 3 Charlenes

6 After talking to Annie a D out of work Sophie feels b 0 having problems

at work a 0 miserable

c 0 looking for a b 0 more cheerful new job cD annoyed

2 IDI Listen again and complete these sentences

Understatement

Im just thats all

2 She made remarks this evening

3 Shes been having recently

4 Its getting me I must say

S Our friendship lately

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers Find some examples of exaggeration

Pronunciation 10 Consonant dusters

English has many words with groups (or clusters) of consonants

happened Ihrepndl couldnt Ikodntl puzzles IpAzlzl

lUI Say these words from Unit 7 aloud and then transcribe them They all have consonant clusters

2

IdAZntl

IJodntl

7

8

IspeJII

Idremd3dl

3

4

5

6

ImAsntl

IpromIstl

Istrreptl

Idlstll)ktlil

9

10

11

12

IfIlelJnJlpl

IkAmftdbl1

IIksaltmdntl

IImprestl

11 Sentence stress liD Alan and Kevin are chatting about Frank Read the conversation aloud and mark the stress in Kevins responses

1 Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of

weight recently

Kevin Youre kidding If anything hes lost weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me

Kevin Well I know he earns a lot more than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a second-hand

Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a

brand new one

4 Alan

Kevin

Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are

designer labels

5 Alan

Kevin

Does Frank have many stocks and shares

He has loads of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin No in fact hes in Florida on holiday

7 Alan

Kevin

His new car is a big white Mercedes

Really The car I saw him in was a sporty little

Mercedes

Unit 7 bull Getting on together 49

Relative clauses Participles

Going to extremes

Defining and non-defining relative clauses Grammar Reference 81 Students Book p149

General knowledge quiz Test your general knowledge Tick () the correct answer

~ ~ - - - ~ - -~ - -

middot G~ne~pl K~~wledg~ QuJ~J)nmiddot ~_ - - _--~~_~~ ~lJJ_ t-lbt _)fA

extremes 1 Death Valley

a D which is in Arizona

b D which is in California

c D which is in Texas is officially the hottest place on Earth

2 Concorde was a D the fastest plane that has ever flown

b D the longest plane that has ever flown

c D the only commercial plane that could go faster than sound

3 Belgian Georges Simenon a D who was author of the Maigret detective stories 6 The highest waterfall in the world which is called

b D who was author ofthe Poirot detective stories a 0 the Angel Falls

e D who was author of the Philip Marlow detective stories b 0 the Niagara Falls

wrote over 450 books - the most prolific author e 0 the Victoria Falls

last century is in Venezuela

4 Kilimanjaro is a mountain in Tanzania 7 Bambuti pygmies who only live in the African rainforesta D which is also the highest summit in AtTica and Asia a 0 are the tallest people in the worldb D which is also the highest summit in AtTica b D are the smallest people in the worlde D which is also the highest summit in the world e 0 are the thinnest people in the world

5 The tallest building that was built last century was 8 The driest place on Earth is the Atacama Deserta D the Sears tower in Chicago

a 0 which is in Egyptb D the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur b 0 which is in Europee D the lin Mao building in Shanghai e 0 which is in Chile

50 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

2 Defining or non-defining Decide if these sentences are best completed with a defining relative clause (D) or a non-defining relative clause (ND) Write Dor ND in the boxes

1 c=J Id love to meet someone _______

2 c=J Were looking for a house _______

3 C=J We went to see Romeo and Juliet _____

4 c=J Do you know a shop _________

5 c=J Abraham Lincoln - ________

________died at the theatre

6 cJ I find people difficult to

get on with

7 cJ My computer ___________

is already out of date

8 c=J I met a girl ____________

9 cJ Professor James Williams _______

_______ will give a talk next week

10 cJ I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich ___

2 l1li Complete the sentences in exercise 1with this information Add a relative pronoun and commas where necessary Leave out the relative pronoun if possible

You went to school with her

I ate it immediately

It has four bedrooms

I bought it just last year

They lose their temper

It sells second-hand furniture

He was President of the United States

This person could teach me how to cook

I really enjoyed it

Many people consider him to be the worlds expert on volcanoes

3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun Add commas to these sentences if they have a non-defining relative clause Cross out the pronoun if possible in the defining relative clauses

Sheila who I first got to know at university was one of six children

2 The man wIw you were talking to is a famous artist

3 This is the story that amazed the world (no change)

4 The thing that I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 The town where I was born has changed dramatically

7 I didnt like the clothes which were in the sale

8 Salt that comes from the sea is considered to be the best for cooking

9 Salt whose qualities have been known since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD that I bought yesterday doesnt work

11 The part of Europe where Id most like to live is Portugal

12 The Algarve where my mothers family comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 51

4 All relative pronouns Match a line in A with a line in B

A B - - shy

Have I told you recently when you expect to arrive

2 I have to do where my brother lives

3 We were stuck in traffic for which came as abit of a surprise seven hours whose hair came down to

4 Were emigrating to Canada her waist

S I met agirl how much I miss you

6 I passed all my exams whatever you want

7 Let me know which was anightmare

8 Being generous Ill buy you what I believe to be right

2 Complete the sentences with a relative pronoun If the pronoun can be omitted add nothing

The lady is sitting in the wheelchair is my grandmother

2 I know an Italian restaurant ___ serves excellent pasta

3 I know an Italian restaurant you can always get a table

4 Uncle Tom earns a fortune ___ is why rve asked him to lend me pound 1 000

5 Sean is a child ___ people immediately like

6 My daughter ambition is to emigrate to Australia has finally got her visa

7 I gave him a glass of water he drank thirstily

8 The flight we wanted to get was fully booked

9 My aunties house is the place I feel most at home

10 This is the smallest car has ever been made

11 Thats the man wife got angry with him because he kept his motorbike in their bedroom

12 I love the stories you wrote for me

13 I go shopping at the new shopping centre ___ theres always free parking

14 She told me shed been widowed ___I didnt realize

15 ___ you do dont touch that button The machine will explode

5 Prepositions in relative clauses Combine the sentences keeping the preposition after the verb in the relative clause

I want you to meet the people 1 work with them

Iwant you to meet the people work with

2 Shes a friend I can always rely on her

3 Thats the man The police were looking for him

4 She recommended a book by Robert Palmer rd never heard of him

5 You paid pound400 for a suit It has been reduced to pound200 The suit ______________

6 This is the book I was telling you about it

7 The college Principal gave a good speech I agree with his views

8 He spoke about the environment I care deeply about this

9 Whats that music Youre listening to it

10 My mother died last week I looked after her for many years

52 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Participles Grammar Reference 82 Students Book p150

6 Participles as adjectives Complete the adjectives with -ed or -ing

a shockmg story

2 a reserved seat

3 screalll-- children

4 a satisL- customer

7 Participle clauses 1 Rewrite the sentences with a present or past participle clause instead

of a relative clause

Can you see the woman whos dressed in red over there

Can you see the woman dressed in red over there

2 People who live in blocks of flats often complain of loneliness

3 Letters that are posted before 5 pm should arrive the next day

4 The train that is standing on platform 5 is for Manchester

5 a disgust--- meal 5 Firemen have rescued passengers who were trapped in the accident

6 a confus __ explanation

7 a house in an expoamp-- position 6 They live in a lovely house that overlooks the River Thames

8 a concei~ person

9 a frighteI1- film 7 It took workmen days to clear up the litter that was dropped by the crowds

10 an exhausL-- walk

11 disappoint--- exam results

12 a tir __ journey

13 an unexpecL- surprise

14 disturb__ news

15 a thril~ story

16 a rel3X-- holiday

17 a disappoinL- customer

18 well-behav__ children

19 a promiamp-- start

20 a cake load __ with calories

2 Complete the sentences with a verb from the box in either its present or past participle form

feel borrow explain say ftfffl study finish take know steal

1 Jo was in a bad mood for the whole week completely ruining our holiday

2 After her exams Maggie went out to celebrate

3 Jewellery in the robbery has never been recovered

4 I got a letter from the Tax Office that lowe them pound1000

5 _____ hungry I decided to make myself a sandwich

6 Books _____ from the library must be returned in two weeks

7 Not what to do she burst out crying

8 I had a long talk to Jack why it was important for him to work hard

9 everything into consideration Ive decided to give you a second chance

10 With both children _____at university the house seems really quiet

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 53

------ ------ -- ------ ------ -- --- ----- -- ------ -- ------ -- -- -- --- -------------------- ------- ---- ----

Revision of relatives and participles 8 The thri II seeker

II1D Read and complete the article with the clauses in the box

Relative clause

a where temperatures drop to -7tC

b who battles with

c who sees that as achallenge

d that nature ever invented

e in which there is a lake of boiling lava

f where everyone else is

g no-one has done before

h youve never heard of before

which unexpectedly develops

Past participle

j otherwise known as

k Trapped for five days

Present participle

I before heading for the high winds

m starting this Monday on the Discovery Channel

n getting right inside the 150mph winds

-

He laughs in the face of common sense He is DANGERMAN It helps to be fearless

So says Dangennan (1) __ extreme adventure cameraman Geoff Mackley

(2) __ some of the most inhospitable weather conditions and desolate

places (3) __ What drives the New Zealander to do it

There arent many places left where no-one has ever been or things (4) __

and Im one of those people (5) __ I he says

See for yourself in his series of adventures (6) __

EPISODE 1 The Perfect Storm bull Dangerman chases after major typhoons first in Asia (7) __ of North Carolina and

finally (8) __ of Hurricane Isabel

EPISODE 2 The Deep Freeze bull In the coldest town on earth in Northern Siberia (9) __ Dangerman and extreme

survival expert Mark Whetu become the first people to camp outside

EPISODE 3 The Craters Edge bull Dangerman climbs down into avolcano (lO) __ and gets caught in a tropical storm

(II) __ into acyclone (12) __ with no food or water he survives torrential rain l violent winds and clouds of toxic gas

bull Dangerman says Who wants to be (13) __ Its the thrit of finding aplace (14) __

More people have landed on the moon than have been to these places I

~================

54 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

Vocabulary 9 People places and things

Complete the table with these descriptive adjectives Put six in each group

oospeHt stubborn breathtaking thrilled spoilt aggressive picturesque automatic hand-made deserted exhausted accurate waterproof desolate long-lasting priceless easy-going overcrowded

People Places Things

ungpoilt

2 Complete the sentences with an adjective from exercise 1

The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely _____

fantastic scenery as far as the eye could see

2 These flowers are quite if you keep the vase full of water and in the shade

3 The new car we bought is fully I dont want to change gears when Im driving any more

4 Youre good to be on holiday with Youre very _____

and dont worry about anything

5 The countryside we camped in was completely _____ not a person a gift shop or a caravan site for miles

6 The Cotswolds is an area in England which is very _____

It has Jots of pretty old-fashioned villages and beautiful green countryside

7 Their child is really _____ He wont do a thing they tell him

I think its because hes They give him everything he asks for

8 That bag youre looking at is _____ Look at the quality of

the work

9 The beach was seriously There was no room to put our towels down So we hired a boat and sailed along the coast until we found a tiny one which was completely We were the only ones on it

10 Nouns in groups

look at these examples of number +

noun + noun athree-mile walk asixteen-rear-old girl aten-hour flight

These are expressions of measurement before a noun The number and the first nOlln are joined with a hyphen and the first noun is usually in the singular

Put the information before the noun

1 a note that is worth ten pounds

2 a language course that lasts four weeks

3 a drive that takes three hours

4 a meal that consists of three courses

5 a holiday that lasts two weeks

6 a delay at the airport that went on for two hours

7 a letter that goes on for ten pages

8 a university course that takes three years

9 a prison sentence of ten years

10 a hotel with five stars

11 a speed limit of 30 miles an hour

12 a house that was built two hundred years ago

Unit 8 bull Going to extremes 55

Prepositions 11 Adjective + preposition

Complete these sentences with the correct preposition

Are you afraid the dark

2 She was angry me not telling her the news

3 Dubai is famous its architecture

4 Bill is jealous me because Im cleverer than him

5 Im very proud __ my two daughters

6 Im disappointed you I thought I could

trust you

7 Youre very different ___ your brother I thought youd be similar e(1ch other

8 Are you excited ___ going on holiday

9 Visitors to Britain arent used --- driving on the left

10 Visitors to hot countries need to be aware --- the risk of malaria

11 You should be ashamed what you did

12 I am most grateful --- all your help

13 Who is responsible ___ this mess

14 Whats wrong --- you You dont look well

15 My son is crazy ___ a rock group called

The Hives

Pronunciation 12 Silent consonants 1 English words often have silent consonants

~no~ fvrite walk clim~

l1li Complete the table with these words Cross out the silent consonants

fflEfttstty executive h6rtffi inhabitant receipt distinctly rebuilt fasten eccentric insect lamp sumptuous exhausted whistle straight anonymous citizen fascinating delighted documentary landscape temperature business debt

II A B all consonants pronounced some consonants

not pronounced 1shy

indumv lWned

2 DB Write these words They all have silent consonants

1 Isal~n tJflkl 6 naltme~1

2 Isalkol~03Istl 7 Iklalml

3 hrens~ml 8 lgrrenfoo~1

4 InsitI 9 lwenzdeII

5 IkwalJI LO Ikoml

56 Unit 8 bull Going to extremes

vV ~

Expressing habit get and be

Things aint what they used to be

Present and past habit Grammar Reference Students Book p150

Present habit 2 Past habit Match a sentence in A with a sentence in B 1 Complete the sentences with the correct

form of used to positive question or negativeA 8

1shy -1 D Shes really generous

2 D Hes so disorganized 3 D Shes very fashionable

4 D Hes so dishonest 5 D Shes so sensitive

6 D Hes really stubborn

7 0 Shes so rude

8 0 Theyre so spoilt 9 0 Shes very energetic

10 0 Hes very ambitious

a

b

c

d

e f

g h

Hes always applying for new jobs

She never thinks before she speaks

He wont ever change his mind

Shes always buying me presents

Hes always telling lies Shell only wear designer clothes

He never finishes anything he starts Shell start crying at the slightest thing

They get everything they ask for

She jogs to work every day

There _____ be a beautiful old building where that car park is now

2 have a Saturday job when you were at school

3 She be so moody Its only since she lost her job

4 _____ play cricket when you were at school

S My grandfather never _____ get so out of breath when he climbed the stairs

2 Write more sentences like those in column B above Use either the Present Simple always + Present Continuous or will 6 Julie be as slim as she is

now Shes been dieting Shes very fussy about her food ~he Hever eats aHvtfljng you make forher 7 Where go out to eat when 2 Hes really arrogant

you lived in Madrid 3 She adores ice-cream

8 smoke 60 cigarettes a day 4 He hates all sport How did you give up

S Theyre shopping mad

6 Hes a real computer nerd )ad jou I~ot UJ 0)

0w Clj s 0 sec t-o a 0 V 3 f u V 5-asf-e(

7 Shes a telly addict

tmiddotM e a lt3 0 8 Hes really easy-going tA at

9 Their children are very rude

10 Hes very kind

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 57

2 Which of the verb forms can complete the sentences below Tick (I) all possible answers

___ long blonde hair when I was first married

a0had b[Z]used to have cDwould have

2 We ___ Auntie Jean every time we went to London

a0 visited b0 used to visit cDwould visit

3 Pam ___ in a bank for six months but then she got an amazing new job

aD worked b Dused to work cDwould work

4 We coffee and croissants every morning for breakfast

a D had b D used to have cD would have

S We to each other every day when we were apart

aD wrote bDused to write cDwould write

6 He to me for 2S years and then stopped

a Dwrote b Dused to write c Dwould write

7 In the old days people you if you were in trouble

aDhelped bDused to help cDwouid help

8 living so close to the sea

a D loved bD used to love cDwould love

9 Dave Mike three times if he wanted to go to the match with him

aD asked b D used to ask cDwould ask

10 I questions in class I was too shy

a D never asked bD never used to ask cDwould never ask

sa Unit 9

3 Annoying behaviour 1 Tick (I) the sentences where the speaker is annoyed by

someones behaviour

D He watches all the sports programmes on TV 2 D Hes always watching sports programmes on TV

3 D Shed give us extra lessons after school 4 D She would give us extra lessons after school S D She was always giving us extra lessons 6 D She used to give us extra lessons

7 D The cat always sleeps on the sofa 8 D The cat will sleep on the sofa

9 D The cats always sleeping on the sofa

2 Rewrite the sentences so that they express a criticism

My familys bad habits

1 My dad mends his motorbike in the living room

2 My brother leaves the top off the toothpaste

3 My sister often borrows my clothes without asking

4 Uncle Tom smokes cigars in the kitchen

5 My grandpa used to eat toast in bed

6 My grandma didnt use to turn on her hearing aid

4 getandbe

1 Compare these sentences

Dont worry Youll soon getUHd to working such long hours tam used to working long hours rve done it for years

He eventuallygot used to the tropical climate but it took a long time t was born in India so fm uslaquol to ahot climate

Get used to means become used to and describes a change of state Be used to describes a state

2 Get can be used with other past participles and adjectives to describe changes of state

The seas pttingrough Lets go back

We got lost on the mountain

We got married last week

3 Get can sometimes be used with an infinitive to talk about a gradual change

As I got to know Paris Istarted to like itmore and more r m sure the kids will soon get to like each other

The change doesnt have to be gradual It can be sudden

Shell be furious ifshe gets tohear about this

Complete the sentences with used to be used to or get used to in the correct form positive or negative

If you Indian food this dish might be too spicy for you

2 Ill never your hair that short Youll have to grow it again

3 A How do you drive in all this traffic

B I it now so its OK But it took me a while to all the cars lanes and bad tempers believe me

4 Tom didnt like his new school at first but he

eventually it and made new friends

5 I jog every morning but I dont any more Im so unfit now

6 When I was a boy I like going to

piano lessons so I stopped Now Im in my forties Ive started learning again

7 Sally wont find it easy to go on a diet She _____ having three spoonfuls of sugar in her tea and coffee

8 A I hate my new job

B Give it a chance You may _____ it after

youve been there a bit longer

9 ____you watch old cowboy films

on the TV when you were young

lOA ____ you your new teacher

yet I know you didnt like her much at first

B Well I have a bit Shes OK I suppose

2 Complete the sentences with get or be in the correct form and a word or expression from the box

better ready (x 2) dressed dark tired to like to know a pilot lost upset married

I often when I watch the news Such awful things are happening in the world

2 A How are you feeling

B I slowly but I still feel weak

3 My little nephew is determined ______

when he grows up

4 A Come on Helen The play starts in half an hour

B I in two minutes I just --____ and putting my shoes on

A I dont know why it takes you so long I ______ since 600

5 A Do we turn right or left at the next junction

B Ive no idea I think we ______

6 A Did you hear that Sue and Chris

B Well I always thought they would make a perfect couple

7 I didnt use to like Mick at all but the more I - _____ him the more I ______

him Now hes my best friend

8 Can we stop walking for a minute I need a rest 1______

9 In England in summer it is still light at 900 in the evening but in winter it at 500

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to be 59

5 Henrys pound45 million secret 1 Read the story of Henry WardleWhich of the

verbs in italics

can change to both would or used to 2 can change only to used to 3 must stay in the Past Simple

Put the correct number 1-3 next to the letters

Henrys pound45 million secret The villagers in Middleton Yorkshire often (a) __

worried about poor old Henry Wardle Henry 86

(b) __ lived alone except for his ancient cat Tiddles

in a tiny one-bedroomed cottage and always (c) __

asked for credit when buying cat food in the local shop

Then last month Henry (d) __ died leaving 45 million

pounds in his will The truth was that Henry was a

multi-millionaire and he (e) __ owned houses all

over the country from which he (f) __ made a fortune in

rent All this came as a complete shock to his neighbours

They believed that Henry (g) __ was a poor window

cleaner and indeed he often (h) __ entertained them

with tales from his window-cleaning days

However his brother Mr Sam Wardle 82 said that

this was all nonsense Henry had never been a window

cleaner but had started work at the age of fourteen as a

bricklayer Then when he was 30 he (i) _ bought his

first house and after that he frequently (j) _ bought

and sold houses Sam says that his brothers only interest

was making money but he (k) __ hated spending it He

(1) -- didnt spend a penny of his own money unless he

had to Henry never once (m) __ had a holiday but for

many years he (n) _ had a fiancee a lady called Betty

Barraclough but he (0) __ decided not tomiddotmarry her

because a wife was too expensive

Henry (p) _left his pound45000000 to Tiddles and a

local cat charity His friends and family received nothing

2 Here are some sentences about Henry Complete them with one suitable word from the box

use used(x2) would didnt to always never

The villagers _____ to believe all Henrys lies

2 The shopkeeper _____ frequently give Henry credit

3 Henrys neighbours were used _____ hearing stories about his work as a window cleaner

4 In fact he _______ use to work as a window cleaner

S He liked making money but he didnt ______ to like spending it

6 Sam must have got to his brothers mean ways over the years

7 Henry was buying and selling houses

8 Henry used to go on holiday

60 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Phrasal verbs 8 Phrasal verbs and nouns that go together 1 Some phrasal verbs have a strong association with certain

objects set out on a journey work out the solution to a problem Match a verb with an object There may be more than one answer but there is one that is best

10 come up with a someone you respect 20 break into b a naughty child 30 breakoff c aproblem acomplaint adifficult customer 40 telloff d the other people in the group

50 bringup e a university course after one year 60 counton f asolution to aproblem 70 dealwith g your best friend to help you 80 drop out of h children to be honest and hard-working 90 fit in with ahouse aflat to steal something

10 0 look up to j afact that someone might not be aware of 11 0 point out k what Isaid -I didnt mean it 12 0 take back an engagement

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb from exercise 1

The thieves _____ the warehouse and stole goods worth pound20000

2 He his elder sister because she always seemed so wise and experienced

3 I accused you of being mean the other day 1___

it all Im sorry

4 I hadnt noticed that the living room was a different colour until someone it to me

5 Scientists will have to new methods of increasing the worlds food supply

6 She Tom because he hit his sister

7 You have a problem with your order madam Ill just get someone to it for you

8 I had a new student today He seems very nice Im sure hell the rest of the class just fine

9 Why did you university after just one term What are you going to do now

10 Im running for President I hope I can - ____ your support

11 My parents me _____ to finish all the food on my plate

12 Charles is miserable Penelope their engagement last week for some reason

62 Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel

Listening 9 A small disagreement

1 lID Listen to the conversation and choose the best answers to these questions

What are the people arguing about a D Nick doesnt want Fiona to watch a sitcom

on TV

b D Fiona thinks Nicks TV detective programmes are rubbish

c D Nick and Fiona cant agree on which TV programmes to watch these days

2 How do they resolve their disagreement a D Theyre going to watch a detective

programme together

b D They are going to rent more DVDs c D Nick is going to watch a sitcom with Fiona

2 Tick (I) the phrases you hear for making a point

1 0 The point is that 2 0 If you want my opinion bull 3 D Another thing is that 4 0 To tell you the truth bull 5 0 As far as Im concerned 6 0 Ifyou ask me 7 0 Thats not the point 8 0 The point Im trying to make is that 9 D I suppose the problem is that

10 D But the main point is that

3 Look at the tapescript on p84 and check your answers

Pronunciation 10 Weak and strong forms

lID Auxiliary verbs have weak and strong forms depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed

1 Sometimes the weak form is a contraction he is = hes she does not shedoesnt Ihavenot =Ihavent

2 Sometimes the weak form is a change in the vowel sound This is often a change to I~

Weak Strong Weak to It)l Itu1 for If)l

of I)vi lovl from Ifr)m

at l~tI lretl

Stronl IfJI

Ifroml

-

was

Weak Iw)zi Was Tom there

Strong

Iwozi Yes he was

were Iw~1

Were you there IW31 Yes we were

can Ik~nl

Can you swim keen (cant =kontJ) Yes Iean

been Ibml rve been shopping

Ibinl Where have you been

Some prepositions also have weak and strong vowel sounds

lID all auxiliaries and prepositions with weak vowel sounds Underline all those with strong vowels

1 IQwant see him but I sure you want to

2 She isnt going to learn from this experience but

he is

3 Ive heard that youre thinking of moving from

London Are you

4 They have dinner at seven dont they

5 Youll be able to get a ticket for me wont you

6 Ive got no idea who this letters from

7 Cant you remember who Bill used to work for

8 Ive been waiting for you to come Where were you

9 Wed been looking forward to coming for ages then

at the last minute we werent able to

lO Wont you sit down for a couple of minutes

2 l1li Read the telephone conversation between two friends and transcribe As lines Add punctuation to make the meaning clear

A wot ~ ju dUIJ) ~t ~~ wikend

B I havent decided yet

A WI~ g~ulJ) t~ skotl~nd dju won~ kAm tu

B Id love to Where are you staying

A wiv dlsaldld t~ kremp nAn ~v AS k~n ~f~d t~ pel f~r~ h~otell

B Camping in Scotland in October Youll be freezing cold

A n~u wi w~unt wiv got strolJ tents lots ~v w~m kl~uz ~n fhk sliplTJ bregz

B Have you checked the weather forecast

A Jv klS wi hrev ~nd Its pnti w~m f~r Dkt~ub~

B OK then Itll be quite an adventure

A eks~l~nt ad tel 01 AOOZ red bi dIlaltoo WI~1 plk ju Ap ~t slks on fraldeI si jo ~en gudball

B Bye

Unit 9 bull Things aint what they used to bel 63

Revision of modals Grammar Reference Students Book p151

Present to past Rewrite the sentences to make them refer to the past

I must post the letters

Ihad to pod the letter~

2 I have to take the pills three times a day

3 They must be away on holiday

4 We cant see the top of the mountain

5 He cant be a millionaire

6 We mustnt shout in the classroom

7 He wont go to bed

8 That will be John on the phone

9 You should be more careful

10 You could help with the washing-up for a change

Modal auxiliary verbs in the past

Risking tife and limb

Modal verbs of probability 2 How certain 1 0IiI Decide on the degree of certainty in these sentences Put two ticks

(~I) if the idea expressed is certain Put one tick (I) if it is less certain

1 [ZZJ You must have seen him at the cinema I know he was there 2 [lJ The boy is really dirty He might have swum in the lake 3 cJ He cant have been telling the truth 4 cJ He might have left a message on your mobile S cJ I dont know where she is She may have gone shopping 6 cJ She must have been very upset when you told her the news 7 c=J Theyre not answering their phone They must have gone away already 8 cJ I dont see their car They cant have come back yet 9 c=J Its six oclock Tom will have gone home by now

10 cJ Michael isnt here - he might have thought you werent coming and gone to the cinema by himself

11 CJ I could have cancelled the meeting if Id known earlier 12 cJ Ianll be back soon Its Friday Hell have gone to the shop after work

2 Make sentences from the table

can If I go to India I will see the

If I went to India I may might

Taj Mahal

have seen the If Id gone to India I would Taj Mahal

could

1 2 ________________________~

3

4

5 ______~~~~~~ __~---

64 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

3 Past probability I Write sentences for the situations below using the 2 Write sentences for the situations below using the

information in the box information in the box in the perfect infinitive passive

He

She

They

must have

cant have

might have

cut it

gone

mislaid

arrived home

got engaged

had

been doing

been making

acake

guests last night

to Andy

something naughty

for ages

without me

by now

my number

watered by the wind

It

They

must have been

cant have been

washed

hit

blown down

by astone

properly

recently

repaired while we were away

dry-cleaned with something red

1 Stellas wearing a beautiful diamond ring

2 Look at the length of the grass in Bills garden

3 The children ran away laughing and giggling

4 Theres flour on grandmas nose

5 Paulo and Geri said theyd wait for me but I cant see them

6 Klauss flat is so clean and tidy

7 Its after midnight Henri and Sally left ages ago

8 I dont know why Tara didnt ring

1 A tree has fallen across the road

2 My white jeans have turned pink

3 My TV has broken and Ive only just had it fixed

4 Davids suit looks a bit dirty now

5 All the flowers in the garden have died

6 The car windscreen is broken

~MEONt MU5T ~VE PLANTED THeM THERE

Unrr 10 bull Risking life and limb 65

4 Past modals of deduction Complete the conversations with the correct form of the verbs in brackets

A I wonder how the thief got into our apartment

B He ( 1) (could use) the fire escape or he

(2) (might climb up) that tree

A Well he (3) ______ (need not bother) Theres

nothing to steal

2 A Bill told me that hed spent pound2000 on a birthday present for

his wife but he (4) (must joke) Surely

he (5) (can not spend) that much

B I think you (6) ______ (might mishear) him

3 A Its three thirty Mum and Dads plane landed over an hour

ago They (7) (should phone)

B They (8) (may be delayed) No

look Theyre driving up now You (9) ______

(need not worry)

4 A Youre very sunburnt You (10)______ (should

not burn) if youd used your factor 30 suncream

B I (11) (must fall) asleep And

1(12) ______ (can not put on) enough cream

Ouch

5 Past modals - various uses Choose the correct answer

Im sorry I shouldnt have couldnt have told Tom what you said about him

2 A Wheres the cat

B Dont know He may have II have gone into the garden

A No I remember Its Tuesday isnt it Mum should have II have taken him to the vet

3 A Are Pat and Jan definitely coming Id have might have thought theyd have arrived by now

B They should have could have been held up by traffic dont you think

A Or they might have neednt have had an accident

B Dont be silly Anyway wed have must have heard by now if something like that had happened

A Well I neednt have mustnt have prepared lunch so early And I think they should have may have rung if they knew they were going to be late

4 A Who was that man

B He cant have must have been a friend of Jims He was asking if rd seen him

The Famous Three ~

Young friends

rescue fall

victim in the

nick of time

6 The Famous Three 1 Read the article and choose the correct answers

The article is called The Famous Three because

a D the children are now famous after rescuing the woman

b 0 the children are similar to another group ofchildren in an adventure story

2 Mrs Hauton the injured woman had been in the woods for

a D twenty-four hours

b D two nights

3 In hospital Mrs Hauton

a D recognized and thanked the children b D had difficulty remembering the

accident

2 Complete the article putting the modals and verbs in brackets in the past Sometimes you need to use the continuous infinitive

66 Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb

Im sure that the fictional Famous Five invented by

childrens story writer Enid Blyton (1)______

(will be) proud of these three children

The three young friends were walking in the

woods when they saw a hand mysteriously poking

through the undergrowth and decided to investigate

Alison Bailey 15 followed her brother Simon and

his friend Liam Stone both 11 into the bushes and

found an injured woman She (2) _____

(must lie) there for more than a day

Yesterday paramedics praised the children

for saving Mrs Hautons life They said she (3)

______(can not survive) another

night outside

It is believed that Mrs Hauton (4) ____~-

(may have) a seizure while out for a walk last

Wednesday She then (5) (must fall)

and slipped down the bank

Alison said The lady (6) ______

(can hear) us and reached her hand out But she

could hardly speak and she was shaking She

(7) (will get) very cold overnight

She kept repeating that she wanted to get up but

I said that she should stay still because she

(8) (can break) her back I kept

talking to her until the ambulance arrived I (9)

_____(must talk) non-stop for at least

half an hour

Simon and Liam added We were scared stitT at

first but we (10) (need not be) Then

we ran to call an ambulance Were glad we helped

She (11) (might die)

In true Enid Blyton style the three rescuers have

been to hospital to see Mrs Hauton who is indeed

recovering from back injuries and hypothermia Alison

said We popped in to see the lady at the weekend

She still wasnt sure why she was in hospital She

(12) (must be) very confused when she

woke up She looked a lot better though

Ambulanceman Gary Smart said The children

were very quick-thinking They did everything exactly

as they (13) (should do) And if

Mrs Hauton had spent any more time in the woods

it (14) (can be) fatal

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 67

Vocabulary 7 Revision body idioms ~ Complete the conversation with the correct form of body idioms from the box

head for business give her a hand face the fact heart-to-heart heart of gold hands full heart sharp tongue put a brave face pull my leg

A Hows your little sister getting on with your parents these days Better

B Yes a lot better They had a big (1) talk at the weekend and that helped

A So what was the problem then

B Well for one thing since I moved into my own flat Ive had my (2) with sorting it all out so I havent been home My sisters having to (3) that shes the only child left at home nowl Also my parents wanted her to go to university She tried but her (4) wasnt in it She wants to open her own shop

A Yes shes got a very good (5) hasnt she

B Yes shes always been good with money Anyway she told my parents that they were putting too much pressure on her

A Oh deart Your poor parents Shes always had a bit of a (6) hasnt she

B Yes but she doesnt really mean it Underneath she has a (7) Shes very kind really

A Oh I know But how did your parents react

B Well I think they (8) on it but they were really hurt Anyway she apologized And now - guess what Theyre all

going into business together I A What I dont believe it Youre (9) _____

B No its trUel Her shop opens in three months and my parents are going to (10) with running it

A Thats greatl

8 1

2

Physical appearance or personality Write these adjectives in the correct columns Careful One adjective can go in both columns

moody big-headed brainy graceful wrinkled qUick-thinking skinny nosy bald cheeky well-buitt narrow-minded affectionate smart curly hard-hearted

ILhyskal appearance Personality

Complete the sentences with the parts of the body in the box used as verbs

arm elbow eye foot hand head shoulder thumb

The teacher out the exam papers and told the class to begin writing

2 I managed to my way to the front of the crowd so I got a good view of the procession

3 I havent read the magazine yet I just _ ____through it to see if there were any interesting pictures

4 We all the new member of the class with curiosity We were eager to see what she was like

S They ordered the most expensive things on the menu because they knew that I -----thebill

6 In the final seconds of the match Benson _____the ball into the back of the net making it one-nil

7 Policemen with guns in many countries

8 Id hate to be Managing Director I dont think I could the responsibility of making so many important decisions

Prepositions 9 Verb + preposition

Complete the sentences with a verb in its correct form and a preposition

I ~

Verbs

thaAIE forgive -

Prepositions

into of -

accuse hide at on

trick

congratulate

hold

inherit

for

from

to

shout model

invite remind

He tltaftbtJ the nurse tor all her help

2 You me so much __ your

father You look just like him

3 Everyone me __ passing my driving test at the fourth attempt

4 My teenage daughter always _____

herself __ her latest pop idol Shes bought a jacket just like his

S Dont the truth __ me I want to know everything

6 He picked up the crying baby and --___her tightly __his chest

7 Weve_____ 300 guests __our

wedding

8 I think that TV ads people __ buying things that they dont really want

9 Ididnt_____apenny __ mygreat

uncle when he died

10 The spectators abuse __ the referee when he disallowed the goal

11 How can I ever _____ him__

telling me all those lies

12 by my employers __

stealing which I strongly denied

Pronunciation 10 Rhymes and limericks 1 om Make rhyming pairs with the words from the box

good chief court deaf fool mud height lose knew knows grieve put reign said pour weight wool

should ludl good leaf lifl

bread ledl taught I)tl

choose luzJ chef lefl

toes l~ozJ through lu1

hate leltl wore 1)1

tight laItl brain leml

full loll leave livl

pool lu11 foot loti

blood IAdl

2 OIIJ Limericks are short poems with a distinctive rhythm The lines rhyme AABBA Transcribe the lines written in phonetics in these two limericks

MY frientJ An exceedingly fat friend of mine

When asked at what hour hed dine ---~ Replied At hlev~n

At leri falv ~n sev~n

And eight and a Ikw)t~ pas nam

Ih e gour~et A gourmet dining at Crewe

Found a rather Ilad3 mausl in his stew

Said the waiter Dont IJauti

And Iwelvl it about

Or the rest will be wanting one tu

Unit 10 bull Risking life and limb 69

Hypothesis unless supposing in case

In your dreams

Real time or unreal time Grammar Reference Students Book plSl

Real or hypothetical past 1 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Simple Tick (I) those

that refer to real past time What do the others refer to

1 0 Did you see Lorenzo when you were in Italy 2 0 I wish I worked in the open air

3 0 If you didnt smoke you wouldnt cough so much 4 0 When we lived in London wed always travel by bus S 0 Id rather we lived in a small country town 6 0 Its time we had a new car

7 D If only you were always as happy as you are today 8 0 Why didnt you come to the coffee bar

2 These sentences all have verbs in the Past Perfect Tick (I) those that express reality and cross (X) those which dont

1 0 I wish Id said that 2 D She asked me if I had known him for a long time 3 0 If I hadnt been so nervous I would have passed the exam

4 0 If only youd arrived five minutes earlier SOl woke up and realized it had all been a terrible dream

6 0 What if they hadnt agreed to give you a pay rise

7 0 Had the water risen a bit more our house would have been flooded

8 0 She told me shed been given a car for her birthday

3 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb which expresses reality

I wish you didnt bite your nails but you do

2 I wish I earned more but I _____

3 I should have listened to their advice but I _____

4 If only I could speak Spanish but I _____

S If only he werent so selfish but he ---- shy

6 I wish my car would start but it _____

7 I wish you didnt argue all the time but you ---- shy

8 If only I hadnt been fired but I ---- shy

9 I wish I had a flat of my own but 1_____

70 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Wishes and regrets 2 Present and past wishes

1 Use the words from the columns to make as many correct and logical sentences as you can

were

I wish you I

could would

come rich

had

2 Choose the correct alternative in the following sentences Sometimes two are possible

1 I really wish I can could was able to speak another language

2 I wish it wasnt wouldnt be isnt so cold I hate the winter

3 Its time we have had have had a holiday

4 Our holiday was a disaster Id rather we didnt go hadnt gone werent going

S The play was brilliant after you left You should stay had stayed have stayed longer

6 I wish you dont speak didnt speak wouldnt speak so quickly I cant follow you

7 What were you doing on that wall Supposing youd had would have hadnt had an accident

8 Shed rather her grandchildren live lived had lived nearer Then she could see them more often

3 Expressions of regret 1 Rewrite the sentences so they have similar meanings

using the words in brackets

1 Im sorry I didnt invite him to lunch (wish)

2 Why werent you watching the road (should)

3 I regret saying that to her (If only)

4 I shouldnt have hit him (wish)

5 I dont want you to tell her ( d rather)

6 I dont like it when Meg stays out so late (wish)

7 I regret I didnt work harder for my exams (should)

2 Write sentences to express these peoples wishes and regrets Use the expressions from exercise 1

2

3 4

5 6

4 What I wish Id known IIJD Read the article and put one word from the box into each gap

What I wish Id known when Iwas 20

have would should wish only could

Annette Newman 43 MOTHER AND TEACHER

I (1) Id realized how much

Itook my mother for granted at that age

If (2) she (3) have

Itved to see me with my own children Im sure

she(4) have said I told you so

and Iwould (5) replied Sorry Mum

I (6) have listened to you more I

had no idea that being amother was such hard

work

imagine could unless have hadnt wouldnt had would

Simon Hewitt 55 ACCOUNTS MANAGER

Iwish I (7) ____ been so painfully

shy when Iwas in my teens and twenties

I (8J go out or do anything

(9) I really had to Ifonly someone

(10) have told me that I needed to

make myself go out and meet people and that it

(11) gradually get easier Ihave a

nice life now but (12) Iconquered

my shyness earlier (13) the life

Icould (14) had

if s realized could had hadnt

Jame Garner 31 LANDSCAPE GARDENER

I left school with no qualifications feeling an

academic failure Iwish I (15) known

then that I (16) have adecent career

in gardening It (17) time that more

young people [ 18) that success

can be achieved without passing exams And

(19J I (20) eventually

realized that my love ofptants could get me the

job of my dreams Iwould still be moving from

one dead-end job to another

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 71

----------

--------

Third conditional 1 iIID May Brown is a sales execu tive for a leading

cosmetics company Read about her disastrous day and complete the sentences below

A disastrous day for

May

L ast Sunday night May forgot to set her alarm clock so she overslept and was an hour late for

work Mays boss Ms Collins called her into the office and told her that because she was late again she couldnt go on a planned business trip to Dubai the following week Ms Collins said that shed decided to send a more reliable person May was so upset about missing her business trip that she locked herself in the ladies restroom and cried her heart out Also she completely forgot that she had arranged to meet her friend Nell for lunch at an Italian restaurant

Eventually she dried her eyes and returned to her desk She looked at her computer screen It was totally out of focus Had it broken She asked a colleague but he said that he couldnt see anything wrong with it Then May realized what had happened

The computermiddot was all right but she wasnt Shed lost one of her contact lenses in the restroom

At last the day ended Without her contact lens May had to get the bus home and leave her car at work because she couldnt see to drive She waited at the bus stop for over an hour in the pouring rain and didnt get home until 8 oclock There she was greeted by a message from Nell on her answering machine

72 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

May wouldnt have overslept if ________

2 Her business trip wouldnt have been cancelled if

3 If she hadnt been so upset she _______

restroom and she _______ Nell for lunch

4 If shed met Nell for lunch

5 If she hadnt cried so much ________

6 She could have driven home if

7 If shed driven home ___________

8 She wouldnt have caught cold if _______

9 Nell wouldnt have ended their friendship if___

10 If shed remembered to feed the cat ______

Nell was very angry and reminded May that this was the third time she had forgotten to meet her She said that she clearly didnt care about her and this was the end of their friendship May was heartbroken In tears for the second time that day she decided to go to bed before anything else could go wrong However she forgot to feed the cat

The next day with a streaming cold she went downstairs to make herself a cup of tea and found bird feathers everywhere The poor hungry cat had eaten the canary Poor canary May went back to bed and pulled the covers over her head

2 to excuses

6wouldnt I I ill I I sneltnsn I I

2 I I I if I I I time I III

2

a

If I

want to

3 3 I I

4

4 I III 5 A Does

B

6 two 3 excuse

7 A __ (do)a contact

B I

8 us2 a

we

If I 9 were

a

was

10 You were to Max If I

11 4 to set my

12 to

I was to

If

11 bull In

5

Ways of introducing conditionals Conditionals can be introduced in avariety of ways other than with if

unless Unless means-except if

Well go swimming unless it rains Unless theres astrike fll be at work tomorrow

incase In case means the first action is aprecaution it happens because the second action might happen Compare these two sentences

fll take my umbrella in case it rains (I plan to take my umbrella)

fll take my umbrella ifit rains (I dont plan to take my umbrella if I dont have to)

Supposing bull Suppose bullbull Imagine bull These mean the same as Imagine if or What if The condition is more improbable so they are more often found in second and third conditionals They are questions and they come at the beginning of a sentence

Supposing you could go on holiday tomorrow where would you go Imagine you were rich what would you buy

2 In more formal styles if can be dropped and the auxiliary verb inverted

Were you to question me about the matter Iwould deny all knowledge Had Iknown that he was ajournalist Iwould have said nothing Should the meeting last longer than expected f have to cancel my dinner engagement

Herefuses to comedown unless you agree to all of his demands

7 Words other than if 1 Choose the correct word

In case Imagine there were no more wars shywouldnt that be wonderful

2 Im going to take a cushion to the concert in case unless the seats are hard

3 Well miss the beginning of the film should unless you hurry

4 Unless In case you behave yourself you cant come to the theatre with us

5 Suppose Should you got lost what would you do 6 Ill take a book in case unless Im bored on the

journey 7 Had Supposing I understood the problem Id have

done something about it 8 Should In case you fail to pay this bill court action

will be taken

2 Rewrite these sentences using the words in brackets

1 I wont come if they dont invite me (unless)

2 What would you do if he left his job (supposing)

3 If you had learned to play tennis would you have been a champion by now (suppose)

4 Were going to install a smoke alarm There may be a fire (in case)

5 She wont get that job if she doesnt learn to speak French (unless)

6 If the lifeguard hadnt been there what would have happened (imagine)

7 I wont go out this evening Paul might ring (in case)

8 Ill be at my desk until 600 if you need to speak to me about the matter (should)

74 Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Vocabulary 8 Similar words different meaning

These adjective pairs are easy to confuse Complete the sentences with the correct adjectives

unreadable illegible

I couldnt work out who the letter was from The signature was completely ---- shy

2 I know Shakespeare is very popular but I find him totally_____

childish childlike

3 Sarah is so _____ Shes always having temper tantrums

4 It was wonderful to watch the lambs playing I got such pleasure from it

sensible sensitive

S Sophie is extremely _____ at the moment Anything you say upsets her

6 Karen is not a very person She wore high~heeled shoes for our four-mile walk

true truthful

7 Ive never known her to tell a lie Shes a very _____ person

8 I can never watch sad films that are based on a -----story They always make me cry

intolerable intolerant

9 Susan is so of other people She never accepts anyone elses opinion and she always thinks she knows best

10 I find Marks behaviour Its unfair to be so selfish

economic economical

11 Were having an crisis at the moment James has lost his job and I dont know how we are going to pay the mortgage

12 Its much more to drive slowly You get more kilometres for your money

Phrasal verbs 9 Nouns from phrasal verbs

1 There are many nouns formed from phrasal verbs Sometimes the verb comes first sometimes second

lIMIce-up downfall upbrinng drwback outbre teaway

2 Sometimes the noun is related to the phrasal verb and sometimes it isnt

I dont use much mM-Up

She mMle up her face very carefully =related

The main drawbade to your plan is that ifs too expensive (drawback =disadvantage)

Orabde the curtains and let the sunshine in (drawback =open)

Complete these sentences with the nouns in the box

outcome breakthrough outbreak comeback takeaway check-up breakdown feedback outlook downfall

The of communication between management and workers means the strike will continue

2 His musical career has suffered recently but now with a new album and a world tour hes trying to makea _____

3 I go to the dentist twice a year for a _____

4 The of the meeting is that the students will have an extra days holiday

S The weather should be fine over the next few days and the for the weekend is warm and sunny

6 There has been an of food poisoning as a result of people eating poorly-cooked chicken

7 There has been a significant in the search to find a cure for the common cold

S Producers ask customers to complete questionnaires because they need to improve their products

9 Were having a Chinese for supper

10 He used to he a highly successful film star but working too hard was his _____

Unit 11 bull In your dreams 75

Listening Pronunciation 11 Ways of pronouncing ea 1 There are several different ways of pronouncing

the letters ea Look at the examples in the columns below

10 What a painl

lei li1 11)1 1-

bread mut fur

I~I lell 131 II 1shy

wur break lurn

1 IIID Listen and answer the questions

1 Whafs Mark trying to do 2 What two things is he having trouble with 3 What does Greg think is the problem 4 Why does Mark get upset 5 Who finds the solution and how

2 IIID Listen again and match these expressions with if

1 I havent made much progress

2 If youve got aminute

3 If the worst comes to the worst

4 Here are your missing parts

a theyll just have to give you your money back

b if any at all

c thatd be great

d if Im not mistaken

2 IIID Put these words into the correct column 3 Who says these things Mark or Greg Write M or G according to the pronunciation of ea

1 0 Ifs turning into a nightmare already 2 0 What a pain 3 DOh this flatpack stuff is a real pain 4 0 I dont believe it S 0 This has gone beyond a joke 6 0 Ifs just that Im fed up with the whole thing already 7 0 This sort of thing drives me mad too 8 0 I could kick myself

Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers

dear tear(n) tear (v) scream steak breath breathe breadth hear thread bear cheat clear deaf death earth beast beard pearl pear heal health great gear jealous lead (v) lead (n) leap leapt meant reason search swear theatre weary weapon

Unit 11 bull In your dreams

Articles Determiners

Its never too late

2 II1II Complete the newspaper article with a an the her or nothingArticles ~ Grammar Reference Students Book p152

a the or zero article Complete the sentences with a the or nothing (the zero article)

Excuse me Is there __ bank near

here

2 A I havent got any money

B Im going to --bank Ill get

you some

3 Has __ postman been this

morning

4 My brother works as __ postman

5 Weve seen a house we want to move

to Its got __ views over fields (1) __ girl aged seven went into The of Ellesmere College He is (14) __

and theres __ lovely garden at Guinness Book ofRecords yesterday when nice teacher - he tells (15) __

__ back she became (2) __ youngest pupil jokesl

6 A Wheres Nick ever to pass (3) __ national exam Dr Nolan commented You must B In __ garden Abha Subramanians Cgrade in have (16) __faith in children They

(4) __ computer studies was can make (17) __paper planes one7 I bought __ burglar alarm to also (5) __ latest achievement minute and write (18) __ computerprotect myself against __ for (6) __ college in Manchester program (19) __ next (20) __

burglars Abha eamed her place in (7) __ pupils at my school arent prodigies shy

8 Tony joined __ the Mounted record books by studying for several they are just interested and motivated Police Unit because he likes working evenings (8) __week at (9) __ They are (21) __example ofwhat with __ horses nearby Ellesmere College (22) __ rest of (23) __country

I think (10) __9 We went out for __ meal last computers are could be doing

easy but I thought (11) __exam As far as Im concerned studentsnight __ food was excellent I was quite hard Abha said She praised who go to university are the OAPsshydont usually like __ Chinese (12) __teacher James Nolan of (24) __academic world having

food but __ duck was superb (13) __founder and principal passed their mental peak

bull OAP = an Old Age Pensioner (or more properly a Senior Citizen) is a person who has reached retirement age

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 77

Determiners Demonstratives Grammar Reference Students Book p152 3 this that these those

2 all and every 1 Choose the correct answer

Anna is such a show-off she thinks she knows all everything

2 My driving test was a complete disaster All Everything went wrong

3 Kate didnt say where she was going All Everything she said was that she was going out

4 All Every child in the class failed the exam

5 All Everything I want for my birthday is to lie in bed until midday

6 Im starving All Everything Ive eaten today is a packet of crisps

7 I really dont get on with my new boss I disagree with all everything she says

8 I cant go higher than pound500 for the car Thats everything all I can afford

9 Megan couldnt believe her luck All Every topic she had revised the night before came up in the exam

10 The film was so boring that all everybody fell asleep

2 Choose the correct answer

I have three children All Every of them love going for a walk but neither none of them likes being bathed

2 You can borrow either each the Renault or the Rover Theyre all both in the garage

3 My two daughters are each both good at languages but none neither of them can do maths at all

4 I have a shower every each day

5 I have any no idea how I spend all my money At the end of every either month its all gone

6 I know every each word of his songs by heart

7 There are fifteen rooms in this hoteL Each Every room is a little different

8 You can have either each an orange or an apple but you cant have either both

9 A Tea or coffee B Either Neither thanks Ive got to rush

lOA Still or sparkling water B Either Neither whichever is open

11 I know either both Robert and his brother but I dont like both either of them

12 I have four brothers Every Each of us is different

Put this that these or those into each gap

1 shoes are killing me I cant wait to take them off

2 (On the phone) Hello ___ is Beth Can I speak to Kate

3 was a wonderful film wasnt it

4 I knew Jenny at university In days she had long blonde hair

5 A Anything else

B No s all for today thanks

6 Well 11 be pound550 please

7 I cant get ring off my finger Its stuck

8 You just cant get proper bread days

9 Come here and tidy up mess right now

10 Listen to It says in the paper that lifes been found on Mars

11 Did you ever hear from ___ girl you met on holiday last year

12 I was in a department store yesterday when ___ bloke came up to me and hit me

13 A I got a parking fine today

B 11 teach you a lesson

14 Who were ___ people you were talking to last night

15 What was ___ noise Didnt you hear it

GEome BaIEVES -rf4euro WOI2lD WOULD 8pound A ~ PLAcE IF E~ WAS ( AN UNDER-AC~tEveR

78 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

Revision of articles determiners and demonstratives 4 Personal column

IDIJ Complete the article with the words in the boxes

I everyone her allef the the a agreat deal of

ELSIE MORECAMBE looks up at (1) all offtte large grey

clouds coming quickly over (2) horizon Ill go just

(3) last time she says jumping onto (4) ___

windsurfing board and speeding off over rough waves Back o~ dry land (5) group of elderly people

watches (6) ___ move of hers with (7) --__

admiration

I enough an the her a lot of agreat deal

Four years ago at 70 looking (8) ___ younger than

her years Elsie formed (9) organization called

Age Well It isnt (10) to tell people - you have to show them she says dragging (11) board

ashore to (12) back-slapping and praise from (13) group

I aU her everything no those their

This is all part of (14) ___ campaign to show that

people of (IS) ages can achieve (16) ___

they want to do if they really want to do it It struck

me that (I 7) friends of mine who had

(I8) job to go to any more and who kept

complaining about (19) boring and meaningless

lives didnt have to live like that she commented

I the (x 2) her (x 2) this most a several

Elsie has been windsurfing (20) __---- summer months

for theJast six years ever since (21) son told her

that she was far too old to attempt it Then she went on

(22) solo six-month world trip to Mexico

Thailand and New Zealand

Over the last four years she has organized and led

(23) groups on trips to Ireland and Greece

So far (24) ___ year she has been walking in

(25) Pyrenees touring on (26) _------

bicycle and canoeing (27) ___

are Elsie says

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 79

Nouns in groups

1 There are three main ways that we can put nouns together

noun + noun noun +s + noun post office my wifes sister headache the docto s surgery face-lift the eats bowl

noun + preposition + noun the end ofthe garden astory about compassion the arrival ofthe police

2 Sometimes more than one structure can be used

the Queens arrival the arrival ofthe Queen

the floor ofthe living room the living room floor

the car door handle the handle on the car door

But usually only one pattern is possible the back ofthe car NOT the far batc the tats bafk

3 Sometimes there is a change in meaning the eats food =the food that belongs to one particular cat The rabbit has eaten the uts food cat food =food for cats in general Can you buysome more atfood when you go out

4 We use the noun + noun pattern (compound nouns) for everyday established combinations We talk about an action film ahorror film but not a h85e ~ffl Here we usually prefer the pattern with a preposition - a film abouthorses

THE HORSES BREAKFAST

Unit 12 bull Its never too late

5 Combining nouns Combine the words in brackets using one of the three patterns Sometimes there is more than one answer

1 Your coats on the (back chair)

2 Youve just spilt the (milk cat)

3 Can you buy some (paper toilet) Weve run out

4 I never listened to my (advice parents)

5 Can you buy a (cola bottle) to take to the picnic

6 What did that (road sign) say Did you see it

7 Its such a mess in here There are empty (water bottles) everywhere

8 The (King duties) include entertaining heads of state

9 The (my shoe heel) has

come off

10 Can I borrow your (brush hair)

11 What happened at the (film end)

12 Here is (today news)

13 Where is the nearest (Underground station)

14 Its my (anniversary parents wedding) next week

15 The (company success) is due to

its efficiency

16 Ive got a (fortnight holiday) next

month

17 The (company business plan) is

confusing

18 The annual (rate inflation) is

about 400

19 Are there any (coffee cups) in your bedroom There are none in the kitchen

20 Doyouwanta ________(coffeecup)

Vocabulary

6 Hot Verbs be and have 1 Match the words and expressions with be

or have Tick the correct column

be ~

-

fed up with sbsth

have

aright to do sth

the nerve to do sth

on the safe side

in touch with sb

aword with sb

no point in doing sth

on ones mind

upto date

no chance of doing sth

2 Complete the sentences with one of the expressions in the correct form

My job is so boring Im rully fampd up with it

2 If you dont like your meal you complain to the manager

3 Thank you for your interview Miss Clarke We you as soon as weve made a decision about the job

4 I cant stop thinking about my poor sick cousin She always

5 Mrs Bennett Can I you fora minute Its about your son Ben

6 Jack was so cheeky He tell me that this dress didnt suit me

7 rve got extra holiday insurance just in case I always like

8 Well Ill apply for the managers job but I know I getting it

9 Wait here If you dont like heights theres climbing up the tower with us

10 I got an email from myoid friend Suzanne the other day I her for twenty years now

Prepositions revision 7 Noun + preposition

Comp1ete the sentences with a preposition or a combination of prepositions

1 After running up the stairs I was breath

2 You make some silly mistakes but general your work has been good

3 I went on holiday my own because sometimes I like to be myself

4 I got a cheque pound500 in the post

5 There has been a rise the number of violent cnmes

6 The difference you and me is that I dont mind hard work

7 I can think of no reason her strange behaviour

S It took a long time to find a solution the problem

9 I need some information global warming

10 Im having trouble my car It wont start in the mornings

11 In the accident there was quite a bit of damage _____ my car

12 Investigators are trying to find the cause the accident

13 Ive got to do my homework tomorrow

14 I dont see James any more I havent been touch with him for years

15 Did you get an invitation _____Davids wedding

Mr amp Mrs John Evans

RelJuest the honour ofyour presence

at the marriage of their daughter Rhian Eleri

to David Alastair Austin

son ofMr amp Mrs James Austin

at 230 pm on 13thJuly 2006 at

The George Hotel Newton

Swansea

- RS vP shy

Unit 12 bull Its never too late 81

Listening 8 The holiday of a lifetime

Pronunciation 9 Nouns and verbs

In the chart the nouns end in an unvoiced sound (lsi IfI 19) and the verbs end in a voiced sound (lzI lvi lo)

mil Complete the chart with the words and the phonetics The vowel sound or the spelling changes

Noun Verb IL -

advice I~dvalzi

to use abuse

IbIlifl Inlivl

grief hkskjus

breath to halve

Ihausl safe

Ibelol

OIIJ Listen to Neil and Emma Browns conversation and mark the questions true (T) or false (F)

1 D Neil wants an adventure holiday 2 D Emma wants an adventure holiday 3 D They look in some brochures for some ideas 4 D Emma wants to go to the Maldives to have sailing

lessons S D Neil thinks itll be expensive

6 D They decide that it might suit them both

2 OIIJ Listen again and complete these lines with the correct linking and commenting expression

windsurfing is very exciting

2 I prefer something a bit mal e relaxillg

3 we dont get much holiday a year

4 we can find something that suits us both

S you werent paying attention to a thing I was saying

6 therell be sailing lessons too

7 you can bet your life that itll cost a fortune

8 its not too bad if you go off-season

3 Look at the tapescript on p8S and check your answers Find more linking and commenting expressions

82 Unit 12 bull Its never too late

10 Emphasis in speaking IIIIJ Mark where the main stress is in Bs replies Listen check and repeat

1 A B

Why didnt you do your homework last night I did do it

2 A B

Who made this mark on the carpet I did it Sorry

3 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew Johann was coming

4 A

B

Did you know that Johann and Maria are coming tonight I knew that ages ago

S A B

Who told Gran that I crashed her car I didnt tell her

6 A B

I wish you hadnt told Gran I crashed her car I didnt tell her

7 A B

I lost all my money on a bad investment I told you

8 A B

You dont like Mike and Annie do you I like Annie

9 A B

Why dont you like Annie I do like Annie I think shes great

10 A B

I feel so sorry for Annie Nobody like5 her

I like her

Unit 1

Hi Mike I was just passing and I thought Id drop in Hope thats OK

M fine Nice to see you Havent seen you a while Jerry Come on in

Thanks Youre looking well

M Thanks Im back from about What have

you been up to

much Just working hard

Thats a drag How come youre so

Ive got a new boss and hes a bit scary Thinks hes such a big shot ruH

Im a bit worried for my job

M I dont get it Youve always been so good at your job

Well thats as maybe but he like me for some reason Dont

M What are you going to do

J I not I dont feel up to writing and going to interviews

M You need a holiday

J Youre kidding Cant afford it Sara and I are up for a new car

M Thats silly are lInrtt

J I know but Saras reatly fed up with our old car But Itd help me to sort out a OK Ill talk over with Sara and see if I cant her

M Good for you

J Mike Youre a good mate

Unit 2

A Hey Susan What a surprise

S Hi Alex Hi Marie

A Why the long face

S Well Im just back from a carnpilng with Tiffany

A Ah I take it that didnt go very well then

S It was a complete in fact I should have realized that she wasnt the camping type when she turned up with like two suitcases and a and stuff like that

A

M I mean how

S Yes and you should have seen her face when she saw the tent Dont know what she expected Some sort of hotel room probably in the middle of the field

A Oh dear

M What a shame

S Yeah well she thought so too MIIVY

it went from bad to worse because at night the bad weather set in and the wind was blowing the tent quite hard and she sort of started crying a bit that she was scared And I was trying to like reassure and say it wasnt so bad when all of a sudden the wind really started the tent over

M Howawful

A Oh no

S TI~~~ a~I~ need a new tent Anyway I dropped the torch and it all went dark and she kind of freaked out and started running across the field with her bag over her head I mean how was I to know that she was scared of the dark

M Oh what a Poor you

A So what happened next Im enjoying this

S Thanks Well I ran after her and feU over into some sort stuff

M Yuck

S and I started to smell bad shed got to the car and refused

to move So I had to and all the stuff in the wind the and take it back to the car and then get in and drive for two hours back home And the car smelt really awful and we were

and wet and not talking to each other

M I cant believe it What a ridiculous thing to

S Yes well thats what I thought cause when we back I Phew What a and then I to like and I couldnt stop

A Uh So what did she say to that

S She was furious She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag round her and grass and leaves in her hair and everything Dont know what the taxi driver must have UIUUllIH

she phoned me earlier this -1gt Im there in a minute

A Wow What do you think shes going to

S Cant Ive got some apologizing to do for a start

A What rubbish None of it was your fault

M Alex Let her sort it out herself Good luck Susan

A Yes and let us know how it all ends Best story Ive heard in

Unit 6

A Good IBM Guilford How can I you

8 Could you put me through to John Barker

A Certainly The lines busy Will you hold

B Yes thats fine

A Putting you through now

B Thank you

e Hello John Barker

S John Its Ellen Miles from Danson Associates

e Ellen How are

B Well I have a with an order I with you

e How can I help

S You know the nnAlPrnnlntc we discussed a

confirmed the order yourself in writing a ago

e Oh yes

B Well the order hasnt turned up and did say that take a maximum

e Well It usually does Let me look up warehouse schedules Bear with me a moment

B Of course

(tap tap tap)

e Do you have the order code to hand

8 Are you Its FED 2045780498 MX

e Sorry didnt get the last bit What was it

B 80498 MX e Thanks In read that back to you

FED 2045780498 MX B Thats

e And can you confirm the date on the order slip for me please

B 22nd

Tapescript

8

8

( 9 was sent out on

arrived C rn need to look into it further

back to you Are you in the office afternoon

B Well I would be but come up Im till 1200

C Then ru back to before 1200 Dont worry Ill sort out

Ill expect your calL

7

A B A What do you mean You dont look very

B Im a bit thats all A What about Its not Charlene is it B She made one or two hurtful

lCUliUI~ this v

A One or two Shes you these I dont know how you can stand

B

A stressed Thafs no excuse for rude to her best I dont think I think her behaviour is out of order

B I must say A wkhk

You tell her that be nicer to you you wont be friends with her any more

B I so But we are

A

A

8

A Good Now put a smile on your face and lets go and eat

B All all and to the

A thats true You could look a bit better than you do

IS I must A Thats more like it You sound loads

better Come on Lets go

N What are you F Shh Its the last ever

favourite sitcom N Its is it f Talk to you later

N Finished now F Yes it was All the friends

back N I dont know how you can watch aU that

sitcom rubbish F It isnt rubbish Its well

and very N WelJ written How can it be well written

when its written committee There are at least 27 writers on these sitcoms

f The is that the funniest lines think its too Admit

You used to come in the room when it was on and start laughing

N OK It is sometimes But as far as aU these sitcoms

F

N

f

N

F

do you waste

out more a too

sonlettline we both

N or wed take turns to choose OK lets do that Well start this weekend

f Fine Now let me tell what hal)pened in the final ~)VlJil

N all then Go on

came to see how you were on with up your home office Hows it

M Come in come in all on it but I havent much progress at alL

rve

G Howcome M my new to

and I even set

G Calm Mark If the worst comes to the worst have to you your money

M

the computer

Its that Im fed up with the whole And Ive still to try

G I know I know This sort drives me too whats at the bottom of the box Here are your

if Im not mistaken M what an idiot I could kick

Youve saved the

N

E N

up my new computer table Its into a mghtlnalre

G Whata M

G

no

also learn to sail

E It doesnt sound much fun to me PerSOIlallv I a bit more uaillAIUK BasilcalJlv I think we work hard

all year so that we deserve to do somewhere nice for a of weeks

N But Im fed and aU that

get much a year E Well Im with

your new Jease of life Im still not sure what you have in mind or if I want to do it too

N Lets have a look on the Internet and see what sort there is HODeltullV we can find that suits us

E Oh OK then But Im not DrOmlSllne

E Oh look Now thats what I call a N The Maldives Small beach islands in

the middle of the Indian Ocean Not Hfe UbiVioiuslv

N

E

Penomill1y Ive It

of a lifetime N But you dont want an action E 1 dont have to have one I can lie on the

beach and watch Thats my idea

N I must out more about it off to the travel better to the first Come on

no time to lose E Wow then Im N And I bet I can the

end of the E I told you Im not promi~inJit amrthlnS

had been washin will have been

teaching

UNli I

1 1 2 is 3 ve been walking 4 was taken 5 II take 6 had taken 7 have had

10 are IIs been made 12 will have made 13 are washed 14 had been washed IS hed been 16 sells 17 will be sold 19 will have been 20 were being taught

3 1 are 2 are

Ive wanted 6 s 7 miss Ive missed Ive been 8 II be I re to be

Ive sent

II ve 12 wont stay 13 II be able 14 ve visited IS went 16 was 17 18 sat 19 m forward 20 Ube

lt4 1 lOur house was built in the 17th century 2 flats at the moment 3 Has the coffee machine been fixed 4 While the new kitchen was

we ate in restaurants 5 We arrived at work to find out that om

office had been 6 She wont be in those dark

up

5 1 1 has found 2 has invented 3 are called 4 be lifted 5 I has been desIRn~~d 6 have been built 7 was shown 8 wasnt 9 doesnt have needed I dont cost 12 will 14 will take 15

16 have been made 17 will be 18 will reach

1

6 3 has (A) 4 did (F) 5 have (F) 6 have (A) 7 didnt (A) 8 done (F) 9 does 10 was (A) 11 is (A) 12 (F)

1 1 A have got Bm B ve got to

2 A have B havent A ve had ve got B to have

3 A ve got to I have to B havent got I dont have A had Have Bvegot

4 A ve had havent had B got

8 1 blood 2 book 3 water 4 5 6 case 7 8 rain 9 sun road 11 air 12 13 hand 14 ice 15 card 16land 17 sports 18 book

91 la 2b 3a 4a Sb 6a

2 1 home to me 2 got on like a house on fire 3 make at home 4 the house down 5 as as houses 6 hit home

10 lout 2 away 3 down 4 off 5 down in 6 off on 7 out 8 back 9 in 10 away

2 I fell out (L) fell out (I)

2 put (I) Put

3 out (L) sort out (1)

4 stand up (L) stand (I)

5 Holdon hold on (L)

6 take take

7

2 Active Continuous Present sells Past walked Future will take Present Perfect have had Past Perfect had taken Future Perfect will have made

Passive Present is made Past was taken future will be sold Present Perfect has been made Past Perfect had been washed Future Perfect will have been sold

bull married

6 When I was a little I al1fav~ m1I111

my 7

two years him a new shirt

has been caUed said that had

hard and deserved to pass all her exams

my friend called

2

11 1 1 friend 2 English 3 clean 4 month 5 took 6 group 7 slam 8 box 9 thought 10 work 11 chart 12 winter

leI III li1 1 I~tter bsy tree mQther w~ther wQmen heat fun br~kfast bilding machine wQrry

101 lu lrel 101 good cool camp sock wQman suit f~mily odd could shoe ~ccent want

1)1 131 10 1 I~I

floor ~rly f~ther machine walk work g~rden fath~

d~lghter search ban~na banan~

12 1 1~ 2 3 ~ 41 5 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ~

2 I drop in 2 Thats a drag 3 a big shot 4 I dont get it S not feel up to something 6 Cheers

3 (l) Hope thats OK (Thats) Absolutely fine (Its) Nice to see you (I) Havent seen you for a while Jerry (Ive) Just (been) working hard (He) Thinks hes such a big shot (I) Dont know why (Are you going to) Change jobs (I) Cant afford it

UNIT 2

1 1 1 Ive written to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday Ive been writing my essay all morning

2 Ive lost my car keys Ive been losing weight recently

3 Theyve missed the train Theyve been missing you lots so come home soon

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work late all this week Paulas left work early today to meet her uncle

6 The eats been going to our neighbours to have its dinner The eats gone upstairs

7 Hes had a heart attack Hes been having second thoughts about accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy a new television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming which is why my hair is wet Ive swum twenty lengths today

10 Ive been finding it difficult to concentrate recently Ive found my cheque book at last

22s been snowing 3 have travelled 4 have lived have been trying

havent managed 5 have been arguing 6 ve eaten 7 have been running 8 has been crying has failed 9 ve been sunbathing

2 Possible answers I In Fukushima Japan 2 Which school did she go to 3 How long has she been climbing

Since she was 10 (years old) 4 What did she study at university

English and American literature 5 How long has she been married

For 38 years 6 What did she do when she was 30

She started the first womens climbing club in Japan

7 When did she climb Mount Everest When she was 36

8 Who gave awarded her a medal The King of Nepal

9 How many mountains has she climbed II3

10 Has she had an exciting life Yes she has

) 1 I is standing 2 is actually watching 3 is climbing 4 has been climbing 5 has nearly reached 6 has already climbed 7 started climbing 8 broke 9 became 10 has been named 11 trains 12 has been preparing 13 will climb 14 havent seen

22s (been) taking 3 arrived 4 didnt enjoy 5 re staying 6 re going 7s chosen 8 s called 9 will be 10 ve done 11 will make 12 wont be 13m looking 14 sounds IS ve been training 16 ve prepared 17 get 181l become

4 1 I The new sofa has already been delivered

2 Have the street lights been repaired yet 3 Some new anti-smoking laws have just

been passed 4 No new homes have been built for

twenty years 5 The plants havent been watered

2 2 A yachtsman has been rescued dramatically in the Pacific Ocean

3 Valuable jewels have been stolen from Sothebys

4 A missing boy has been found alive 5 Police have been given a huge pay rise 6 Two hundred and sixty people have

been killed in the monsoon in India 7 An ancient tomb has been discovered

in Egypt 8 Two thousand people have been made

redundant in a shock announcement by Ferrari

5 1 2 have her ears pierced 3 have my eyes tested 4 have had their car serviced 5 had our television repaired yet

1 Recently Hes had the invitations printed Theyve had the cake decorated Yesterday He had his wedding suit delivered He had his hair cut Today Shes having her hair done Theyre having the flowers delivered Next week Theyll have had the photos developed Shell have had her wedding dress dry-cleaned

6 1 I do 2 make 3 doing 4 do 5 make 6 do 7 do 8 done 9 made 10 made 1 Made 12 does 13 do

1 I made the big time 2 have done without you 3 made off with it 4 make up for 5 could do with 6 make of her 7 make in time

~71 ~

ltIIcltII C Q~ I ~ Ii ~ampJ 0v

get intut of

II I Iget onoff I

Itake off

land

ride I

I Idrive

I Icatch

Imiss Iboard I I I

park I

2 car seat belt traffic lights service station tyres one-way street traffic jam Customs tunnel horn

bus traffic lights season ticket tyres one-way street traffic jam timetable horn

bike crash helmet traffic lights tyres one-way street cycle lane

train platform carriage ticket collector season ticket trolley track timetable Customs tunnel porter

plane runway life jacket tyres cargo check-in desk timetable hand luggage Customs aisle seat charter flight

shipferry harbour life jacket trolley cargo port timetable Customs deck porter cabin

8 I at 2 out of 3 across into 4 to 5 through 6 towards 7 off 8 onto 9 over 10 into II past through 12 to 13 into 14 against 15 in 16 out of 17 along 18 past 19 across 20 over 21 up 22 onto

Answer key 87

9 1 1 explorer exploration 2 Japan Japanese 3 contribute contribution 4 industry industrial 5 economy economics 6 politics politician

23

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull Japan contribute industry abroad develop politics unique destruction backpacker destroy pollution calculate unspeilt illegal paradise

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull Japanese Vietnam

contribution economics politician information European destination diarrhoea

industrial economy discovery kilometre environment inhabitant

10 1 1~ 21 3 ~ 4 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 8 ~

2 lA 2A 3M 4M 5M 6M 7M 8M 9S lOA

3 1 like and stuff like that 2 sort of like 3 kind of 4 sort of 5 like 6 and everything

UNIT 3

1 1 2 1 fell ~ 2 had fallen ~ 3 had torn ~ 4 tore ~ 5 cost 6 had cost I 7 had never flown ~ 8 flew ~ 9 had caughtl 10 caught 11 were~ 12 had been~

2 1 was living met 2 played were winning lost 3 wasnt thinking had 4 was coughing didnt get 5 was sunbathing heard appeared landed 6 was snowing got up were making

put raced 7 was playing hit made

J 2 was standing 3 heard 4 went back in 5 was 6 said 7 has been 8 managed 9 had been surfing 10 had been knocked 11 had hit 12 swam 13 pulled 14 had just finished 15 shouted 16 called 17 had to 18 was trying 19 were getting 20 reached 21 had taken 22 felt 23 was recovering 24 wasnt 25 had moved 26 have been

4 1 2 a 3 d 4 c 5 b 6 i 7 f 8 g 9 j 10 h 11 m 12 n 130 141 15 k

2 1 Two years ago while I was working in Paris my grandfather died

2 As soon as I had fed the cat I did my homework

3 First I had a shower and then I got dressed

4 Since I was a child I had always wanted to visit Australia and I finally went last year

S As he posted the letter he realized that he hadnt put a stamp on it

6 By the time hed finshed speaking most of the audience had fallen asleep

7 Once Id told him the truth I felt better 8 Until I found a flat I had stayed I been

staying with family for months

5 2 A Roman temple was discovered underneath the new housing estate

3 The races were held indoors because it was raining

4 The leisure centre had been booked for a childrens party on Saturday

5 The dishwasher was being repaired so I couldnt leave the house

6 Our hotel room still hadnt been cleaned when we returned

7 The fish hadnt been cooked for long enough

8 New traffic lights were being put up at the crossroads

6 I was shown 2 liked 3 is regarded 4 felt 5 had been made 6 tells 7 has been rescued 8 s married 9 is (being) introduced

10 doesnt make 11 is voiced 12 was I is based 13 was not written 14 ends 15 are 16 will be loved I are loved

7 Poetry Prose DruM

nursery rhyme plot plot critic chapter critic review critic director character best-seller backstage verse review script

character review novelist character blockbuster leading role fairytale verse setting setting whodunnit rehearsal science fiction perfonnance hardback playwright thriller act autobiography full house paperback

8 1 2 end a relationship 3 wait a minute 4 talk louder 5 begin a journey 6 not go out stay at home 7 have a calmer more stable life 8 arrive 9 be happier

10 be quiet

2 1 turns up 2 set off 3 Cheer up 4 stay in 5 settled down 6 broke up 7 find out 8 Shut up 9 Hold on 10 Speak up

9 1 I pay lpelf 2 write Iralt 3 phone If)on 4 round Iraondl 5 dear Idl) 6 boy Iblll 7 tour Ito)1 8 fair Iregt

2 4 lu1 3 1)01

5 Il1 6 131

8 131 7 11)1

10 131 9 Il1

11 laol 12 1)01

13 lu1 14 101

17 luzi 15 I)ozi

16 I)osl 19 luzi

18 lusI 22 10m

21 lum 20)0m

23 loV 24 1)0V

26 lAm 25 I)oml

27 lell 28 lell

29 leI 30 leI

33 101 32 lu1

31 IAI 35 lodl

34 I)oldl 38 I~I

36 IAI 37 101

88 Answer key

3

I dont 2 didnt 3 havent 4 arent 5 isnt 6 wont 7 m not 8 doesnt 9 hadnt 10 hasnt

1 5 not 6 nt 7 not 8 not 9 no 10 Not II none 12 no 13 nt 14 not 15 Not 16 17 No 18 no 19 None 20

] 2 I told not to go to work Why arent in was an unsuccessful businessman

who didnt achieve much in his life 4 Our house is easyisnt difficult to find

No one ever lost 5 We had a time in Muscat There

there 6 You mustnt rest your ankle

Try not to move it at all Try to move it as little as

7 I ~ tI~ middot

the exam

4 2 I dont suppose youve got change for a 20-pound note

3 This machine doesnt seem to be working 4 I didnt think it was going to rain S dont want their daughter to move

to 6 I didnt expect to see you here 7 I dont suppose seen Robert

Id like snails 9 I dont expect you remember me

10 I dont believe she all her exams

5 2 Who made the film Catch Me If You Cart 3 How old was Frank when he ran away

to New York 4 Why did he run to New York 5 What did he look 6 What was Franks first con trick 7 How much had he collected when the

bank found out 8 How Frank a Pan Am 9 Who tell his secret to I called

the police 10 What did he become nextafter he was

a pilot II What did frank teach at university 12 When was he eventually arrested 13 How did he spend in 14 What has been doing

6 1 I Im not sure where he learned how to forge bank U~UJ11I3

2 I dont know how had the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

3 Id like to know which countries he visited as a pilot

4 Ive no idea his friend called the

5 a clue how he managed to pass the bar exam

6 [cant who gave him a as a doctor

7 I wonder why the police took so to catch him

8 Do know what he thought of

2 I I wish I knew why he told his secret to his friend

2 any idea how many attempts to the bar exam

3 do you he went to France 4 Can tell me how long he spent

in 5 Do you know what he is doing nowl

what has happened to him since then

1 1 2 by 3 to 4 at 5 on 6 in 7 about 8 of 9 from 10 with

2 2 What for 3 Where to 4 What about 5 How long for 6 Who for 7 Who to 8 What with

8 1 b 2 a 3 c 4 d 5 e 6 f 7 h8 g 9i lOj III 12k

Sample answers 1 was it like 2 Who did talk to 3 How is 4 Howcome 5 cant you 6 is it 7 Whos he 8 What does he look like 9 Didnt heDid he

]0 come 11 12 Whats going to do

10 12

unreal fake incredible implausible

Verbs disappear misunderstand mistrustdistrust suspect uncover

11 1

unbelievable ridkulous

bizarre amateur trivial

deceit fantasy incredulity

vanish confuse

reveal

a VIUUII~~ a secret sb lose your way your temper

2 I keep in touch 2 lost 3 keep a secret 4 keep lost 5 calm 6 keep fit

12 2 for 3 at 4 offrom 5 from 6 in 7 to 8 in 9 in 10 tolwith 11 to about 12 at 13 in with 14 for 15 in

U 1 2 wasnt it (fall) 3 could (rise) 4 isnt he (fail) 5 isnt it 6 arent I (fall) 7 have you (rise) 8 werent we (fall) 9 would you (rise)

2 2 That was a really tasteless meal wasnt it (fall)

3 Youve borrowed my new coat havent you (fall)

4 You couldntwouldnt water my plants couldwould you (rise)

5 Vanessa youre going on a business trip to Rome arent you (rise)

1 Youre going to work harder from now on arent you

2 Ill see you next week wont I 3 Kates leaving soon isnt she 4 Youll ring when get there wont 5 Our takes 4 pm doesnt 6 The will have finished next

married next week are

8 We wont need tickets to get in will we 9 Well be millionaires one day wont we

10 Dave wont be will he

1 1 m to II 2 are to II 3 m going to II Il 4 will Il 5 m going to II 6 II going to II 7 m going to n 8 II II

her a present to hard for my exams

seein~~om~ to see the dentist next

5 I think Manchester United will win on Saturclay

6 Im the

7 8 9 time next week Ill be lying on

a beach in Egypt 10 I think itll be hot there

4 3 Ill be 4 Ill have 5 Ill be 6 rUbe 7 Ill be 8 Ill have 9 Ill have an Amleman

10 Ill have had two children

to celebrate buying

3 m not leave 4 wont S II be

for

Answer 89

9 m going to change 10 m going to do 11 11 have made up 12 Are you planning 13 II work 14 II be concentrating 15 II be able to

6 2 A What are you doing B 3 A B What shaUl do 4 A is getting married B 5 A B Youll have to wake me up 6 A B Youll be getting 7 A B Itll only take 8 A B Were going to stay at home 9 A as soon as I arrive B

7 1 eat wont get 2 wont move ve found 3 11 like meet 4 Will you Are you going to learn are 5 wont go havehave had 6 11 be finishlve finished 7 dont do will you have to 8 are will deal 9 will feel ve had

10 ve tried ll never use

8 I Put 2 taking 3 Put 4 take 5 putting 6 take 7 putting 8 taken 9 take 10 take II takes 12 take 13 take 14 put IS put

9 I a re waiting for b is expected c looking forward to

2 a spend Ive been spendingspent b pass c wasted

3 a Have seen b watchedwere watching c Lookat

4 a Actually b at the moment c really

5 a owe b borrowed c lend

6 a embarrassed b nervous c angry

10 3 I couldnt take them all in 4 Ill sort it out tomorrow 5 Put it in your diary 6 Please put them away 7 youd better look after him 8 Ill look into it right away 9 Take it back

10 youve put me off her

n 1 1wQnt ol 2 walk IJI 3 wQnder IAI 4 wQman 01 5 warm J 6 wQrd 13 7 w~r e1 8 w~ht leIl 9 wint 101 10 wQrk 131 11 winder 10 12 wQmen II 13 wQrm 3 14 wilrd IJI 15 w~ry II 16 wcird II

90 Answer key

2 I phone o 2 blood AI 3 love AI 4 through u 5 weak li 6 lower o 7 north J 8 height aii 9 pear e to hear II

UNIT 6

lluggage 2 food 3 cash 4 unemployment 5 music 6 violence 7 traffic 8 opportunity 9 ingredient 10 fluid

2 1any 2 some any 3 Some any 4 some any 5 any any 6 some some

) 2 Is there much work to be done in the garden

3 I didnt spend much time on the homework

4 Did they do much research before they found a cure

5 They couldt give me much information about the delay in our flight

6 I didnt have too many problems with this exercise

7 Ive got too much luggage I cant carry it all

8 There is too much traffic on the streets I of our town

4 1 Sample answers 1 There are lots of cheese sandwiches 2 There are a few tuna sandwiches 3 Theres a huge amount of spaghetti 4 Theres only a little rice and

vegetable curry 5 There are several burgers 6 There are no chips 7 There isnt much fruit salad 8 There are a couple of bananas 9 There arent many doughnuts

10 Theres hardly any apple juice

23s lots a huge amount 4 a few 5 s only a little 6 arent any are none (left) 7 a little 8 are a few 9 s only a little (left) 10 ve got a couple 11 a little 12 lots

5 2a few 3 have less respect than 4 few 5 a little 6 Fewer 7 Few 8 a few 9 is little to a few

6 1 I somewhere 2 anyoneanybody 3 anywhere 4 anything 5 everything 6 nothing 7 NobodyNo one 8 nowhere 9 someonesomebody 10 something anything 11 anyone anybody 12 EveryoneEverybody

2 1 b 2a 3c 4d sf 6e 7h 8 g 9i 10j 111 12k 13m 14 n ISo 16p

7 1 I much 2 nobody 3 A couple 4 little 5 few 6 multi 7 all 8 any 9 hardly any 10 enough II a bit 12 part 13 more 14 piece 15 None 16 any 17 more than 18 no 19 something 20 several 21 over 22 a lot 23 aU 24 a great deal of 25 some

2 2 600 shillings is very littlenot very m money

3 Odonga has a lot of friends 4 None of the young people in his village

have jobs 5 It took him several hours to write

the letter 6 There were no jobs available at the

company 7 Conrad Millbank heard about his story 8 Until now Odonga hasnt had much

good fortune in his life

8 1 a piece of cakepaperbread a jar of honey a slice of breadcake a tube of toothpaste a piece of cakepaperbread a loaf of bread a bar of soapchocolate a box of chocolates a tin of soup a can of lemonadesoupcola a bottle of lemonadecola a sheet of paper

2 1 a pieceslice of cake 2 a tincan of soup 3 sheets of paper 4 a box of chocolates 5 bar of chocolate 6 slice of bread 7 many cansbottles of lemonade 8 bar of soap 9 a jar of special honey

9 1 A on foot under arrest overunder pound500 abovelbelowoverunder 75 abovebelow freezing overunder 18 years old under new management on holiday under pressure on business

B duringin the night byon New Years Day byduringin the winter byon Friday afternoon atby the weekend inion time in a fortnights time duringin the rush hour in his forties

2 1 in 2 under 3 Over 4 over 5Over 6 above 7 on 8 at 9 over 10 During lIon 12 under 13 under 14in 15in

10 1 Ellen Miles is calling John Barker about an order she made which hasnt arrived

21 21 31 41 51 6

3 I R 2) 3J 4E 5) 6) 7E 8E

4 I How can I help you 2 Im putting you through now 3 an order I placed with you 4 a week maximum 5 Do you have the order code to hand 6 that all seems to be in order 7 Ill get back to you before 12

111 IV 2N 3V 4N 5N 6V 7N 8V 9N 10V llV 12N

UNIT 7

1 2b 3b 4a 5b 6b 7a 8b

1 1 I shouldought tomust 2 CanMayCould 3 musthave to 4 can 5 maymightwillcould 6 cancould 7 have to 8 mustshouldought tomaymight 9 cancouldought tomustshould

10 have tomust

2 I wont 2 dont have to 3 couldnt 4 wont 5 cant 6 was able to 7 mustnt

3 1 You mustnt stop here 2 We dont have to learn the whole poem 3 They didnt have to take off their shoes 4 He cant be speaking Swedish 5 We didnt have to wear a uniform at school 6 You wont have toneed to help me do

this exercise

4 1 I has to have 2 wont 3 said shed 4 couldnt 5 she had 6 should 7 you must 8 she might 9 can 10 will II cant 12 have to 13 can only 1411 IS ought to 16 You may might 17 You mustnt 18 couldnt 19 You shouldmightcould 20 You must have to

2 I Id better buy her a card 2 Guests are advised not to leave 3 Smoking is only permitted 4 Hes bound to pass 5 The use of dictionaries is not allowed

in this exam 6 People under 18 arent supposed to

buy cigarettes 7 Travellers to the States are required

to have a visa 8 You are likely to findlIt is likely that

youll find 9 I promised to help Jane

10 My parents didnt let me

5 1 2 She must be missing her best friend 3 Itll be Tom 4 She cant still be sleeping 5 They could be having guests 6 He must have a deadline to meet 7 It might be difficult to drive to work 8 She may be hiding in the garden

2 I shouldgo 2 might feel 3 must finish 4 Il pass 5 should be touching down 6 must be 7 cant be 8 could be snowing 9 can snow

10 must be making 11 mightbe 12 could be

61 I V 2M 3V 4V SM 6V 7V 8M

2 I needntdont have to 2 mustnt 3 needntdont have to 4 need tohave to 5 dont have to 6 got to 7 needs

7 1 His bills will take ages to payoff He accumulated debts of pound2000 Inflation went up by 2 She contributes to the household bills I earned pound2000 in interest My credit card expires at the end of July I changed some travellers cheques The exchange rate is good just now

2 I check-out 2 added 3 bill 4 pay S-salary 6 by cheque 7 overdrawn 8-credit card 9 cash 10 reduce II came to 12 saving 13 change 14 receipt

8 2 off with 3 down on 4 on with 5 up for 6 away with 7 out of 8 out with off with 9 up with lOon with out with

91 la 2b 3b 4c 5c 6b

2 I a bit annoyed 2 one or two hurtful 3 a bit of trouble at work 4 down a bit 5 hasnt been great

10 I doesnt 2 shouldnt 3 mustnt 4 promised 5 strapped 6 distinctly 7 special 8 arranged 9 friendship

to comfortable II excitement 12 impressed

11 I Alan Dont you think Franks put on a lot of weight recently

Kevin Youre Jillding If ~thing hes l2ll weight

2 Alan I think Frank earns more than me Kevin Well I know he earns a ll21 more

than me

3 Alan Hes thinking of buying a secondshyhand Mercedes

Kevin What do you mean Hes already bought a brand new one

4 Alan Hes just bought two pairs of designer jeans

Kevin Didnt you know that all Franks clothes are designer labels

5 Alan Does Frank have many stocks and shares

Kevin He has ~ of them

6 Alan Isnt Frank in New York on business

Kevin Noin~hesin~

on holiday

7 Alan His latest car is a Wi ~ Mercedes

Kevin Really The car I saw him in was a ~ link Mercedes

UNIT 8

lib 2c 3a 4b Sb 6a 7b 8c

2 1 J D 2 D 3 NO 4 0 5 ND 6 D 7 NO 8 D 9 ND 10 NO

2 I Id love to meet someone who could teach me how to cook

2 Were looking for a house which has four bedrooms

3 We went to see Romeo and Juliet which I really enjoyed

4 Do you know a shop that sells secondshyhand furniture

5 Abraham Lincoln who was President of the United States died at the theatre

6 I find people who lose their temper difficult to get on with

7 My computer which I bought just last year is already out ofdate

8 I met a girl I went to school with 9 Professor James Williams who many

people consider to be the worlds expert on volcanoes will give a talk next week

10 I bought a cheese and pickle sandwich which I ate immediately

3 4 The thing I most regret is not going to university

5 My two daughters who are 16 and 13 are both interested in horse-riding

6 no change 7 no change 8 no change 9 Salt whose qualities have been known

since prehistoric times is used to season and preserve food

10 The CD I bought yesterday doesnt work II no change 12 The Algarve where my mothers family

comes from is famous for its beautiful beaches and dramatic coastline

Answer key 91

4 1 I how much I miss 2 what I believe to 3 which was a mgntrnare 4 where 5 whose came down to her waist 6 which came as a bit of a v bullbull 0

7 when you expect to arrive 8 want

2 1who 2 thatwhich 3 where 4 which 5 6whose 7which 8- 9shy10 that 11 whose 12 - 13 where 14 which 15 Whatever

5 2 Shes a friend (who) I can 3 Thats the man the

for 4 She recommended a book Robert

Palmer who Id never of 5 The suit I pound400 for has been

reduced to to 6 This is the book (that) I was

about 7 The

6 3 screamUrlg 6 conruslllg 9 tnghternng 11 dis3lPPolintlnR 14 dlslturtgtlnR 17 disaIPPcint~~d 19 prornisillg

7 1 2 3 Letters 4 The 5 Firemen have rescued passengers

overlo()kJrlg Ule River Thames crowds

2 2 finishing 5 8 explainill1g

8lj 2b 3d 4g 5c 6m 71 8n 9a lOe Ili 12k 13f 14h

9 1

2 1 breathtaking 3 automatic 6 picture5ique 8 narlO-lrl1a(le overcrow(ed deserted

lOla tenmiddotDOllino 2 a course 3 a three-hour 4 a three-course meal 5 a two-week 6 a two-hour 7 a ten-page letter 8 a unilverSltv course

12 a two house

11 1of 2 with for 3 for 4 of 5of 6 in 7 from to 8 about 9 to 10 of It of 12 for 13 for 14 with 15 about

sumptuous ~nllnlmrlnl

business 8 fasten exhausted whistle

2 1scientific 2 PS)ChlgtlolftlSt 4 5 7 8 gralldtather lOcaJm

UNIT 9

1 Id 2 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i lOa

the

about

3 She eats it every 4 He never cornplaining

footballs on 5

the chance

he

11 I used to 2 Did you use to 3 never used todidnt use to 4 Did use to 5 to 6 didnt use to 7 did use to 8 you use to

2 2 a b c 3 a 4 a b c 5 a b c 6 a 7 a b c 8 a b 9 a 10 a h c

3 1 sentences 2 4 5 89

2 answers dad will mendwill insist on

me~ndlng his motorbike in the room

2

3

toast

2rSIndma would never turn on her

4 1 1 arent used to 2 used to 3 used to get used to 4 got used to 5 used to 6 didnt use to 7 s used to 8 used to 9 use to

10 Have got used to

2 1 2

9 gets

51 al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hi i3 j1 k2 11 m3 n2 03

2 1 used 2 would 3 to 4 didnt 5 use 6 used 7 8 never

6 2 wave 3 4 right 5 suit 6 fair 7 sort 8 9 train

7 1 a bored b board 2 a allowed b aloud 3 a whale b wail 4 a b court 5 a loan b lone 6 a hire b

8 1 1 f 2 i 31 4b 5h 6g 7c 8e 9d lOa IIj 12 k

2

5 come 6 told 7 deal with 8 fit in with 9 oUlof

9 1 1 c 2b

2 1 3 5 6 8 9

10 1

2

3

4 5

6 7

8

9 Wed~ki~ forward t~ming fcQS then at last minute we werent able to l~ou-itdown~ couple of

minutes

2 A What are you doing at the weekend B I havent decided yet A Were going to Scotland Do you want

to come too B Id love to Where are you staying A Weve decided to camp None of us can

afford to pay for a hotel B Camping in Scotland in October

Youll be freezing cold A No we wont weve got strong tents

lots of warm clothes and thick sleeping bags

B Have you checked the weather forecast A Of course we have and its pretty warm

for October B OK then Itll be quite an adventure A Excellent Ill tell the others - theyll be

delighted Well pick you up at six on Friday See you then Goodbye

B Bye

UNIT 10

2 I had to take the pills three times a day 3 They must have been away on holiday 4 We couldnt see the top of the mountain S He cant have been be a millionaire 6 We werent allowed to shout in the

classroom 7 He wouldnt go to bed 8 That will have been John on the phone 9 You should have been more careful

10 You could have helped with the washingshyup for a change

11 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2 Possible answers If I go to India I canwillmaymight see

the Taj Mahal If I went to India I mightwouldcould

see the Taj Mahal If Id gone to India I mightwouldcould

have seen the Taj Mahal

3 1 1 She must have got engaged to Andy 2 He cant have cut it for ages 3 They must have been doing something

naughty 4 She must have been making a cake S They might have gone without me 6 He cant have had guests last night 7 They must have arrived home by now 8 She mightmust have mislaid my

number

2 1 It must have been blown down by the wind

2 They must have been washed with something red

3 It cant have been repaired properly 4 It cant have been dry-cleaned recently S They cant have been watered while

we were away 6 It must have been hit by a stone

4 1 could have used 2 might have climbed up 3 neednt have bothered 4 must have been joking S cant have spent 6 might have misheard 7 should have phoned 8 may have been delayed 9 neednt have worried

10 shouldnt have burned 11 must have fallen 12 cant have put on

5 1 shouldnt have 2 may have 11 have 3 d have could have might have d have

neednt have should have 4 must have

61 Ib 2a 3b

2 1 would have been 2 must have been lying 3 couldnt have survived 4 may have had 5 must have fallen 6 could hear 7 will have got 8 could have broken 9 must have been talking

10 neednt have been 11 might have died 12 must have been 13 should have done 14 could have been

7 1 heart-to-heart 2 hands full 3 face the fact 4 heart 5 head for business 6 sharp tongue 7 heart of gold 8 put a brave face 9 pulling my leg

10 give her a hand

81 Physical appunnce Perscnlity graceful moody wrinkled big-headed skinny brainy bald quick-thinking well-buit nosy smart cheeky curly narrow-minded

affectionate smart hard-hearted

2 1 handed 2 elbow 3 thumbed 4 eyed 5 was footing 6 headed 7 are armed 8 shoulder

9 1 2 remind of 3 congratulated on 4 models on S hide from 6 held to 7 invited to 8 trick into 9 inherit from

10 shouted at 11 forgive for 12 was accused of

10 should good leaf chief bread said taught court choose lose chef deaf toes knows through knew hate weight wore pour tight height brain reign full wool leave grieve pool fool foot put blood mud

2 1 An exceedingly fat friend of mine When asked at what hour hed dine Replied At eleven At three five and seven And eight and a quarter past nine

2 A gourmet dining at Crewe Found a rather large mouse in his stew Said the waiter Dont shout And wave it about Or the rest will be wanting one too

UNIT 11

1 1 14 8 refer to real past time The others refer to the hypothetical past

2 1~ 2 3~ 4~ 5 6~ 7~ 8

3 2 dont 3 didnt 4 cant S is 6 wont 7do 8 washave 9donthavent

1 1 I wish you were rich I wish you couldwouldhad come I wish I were rich I wish I couldhad come

2 1 could was able to 2 wasnt 3 had 4 hadnt gone 5 have stayed 6 didnt speak wouldnt speak 7 d had 8 lived

) 1 1 I wish Id invited him to lunch 2 You should have been watching the road 3 If only I hadnt said that to her 4 I wish I hadnt hit him S Id rather you didnt tell her 6 I wish Meg wouldnt stay out so late 7 I should have worked harder for

my exams

Answer key 93

2

somwhere

4 Weshould 5 I wish Id 6 Cat I wish

4 1 wish 2 3 could 4 would 5 have 6 should 7 8 wouldnt 9 unless 10 could 11 would 12 had 13 14 have IShad 16could ]7s 18 realized 19 if 20 hadnt

5 1 I shed set her alarm dock 2 she hadnt been late 3 wouldnt have the

ladies restroom and she wouldnt have torgotten to meet Nell for lunch

4 wouldnt have ended their

5 she wouldnt have lost a contact lens 6 she hadnt lost a contact lens 7 she wouldnt have had to wait at

the bus stop in the rain I she hadnt so wet

8 she waited at the in the rain I she hadnt got so wet

9 she hadnt to meet her three times

10 it wouldnt have eaten the canary

2 1 I wouldnt have been ill if I hadnt had the shellfish

2 I would have you if I had had the time

3 If I had known the washable I have

4 I wouldnt have believed it if I seen it with my own eyes

1 feel wont 2 sold d 3 see II tell 4 hadnt 5 didnt be

wouldnt have worked

have heard wouldnt be

do saw would run would know

would have burned down

1 1 1 2 in case 3 unless 4 Unless 5 6 in case 7 Had 8 Should

2 I I wont come unless 2 he left 3 you had

you have been a champlion

to install a smoke alarm in fire that unless she learns

8 at my desk until 600 should you need to to me about the maUer

1 1 2 unreadable 3 childish 4 5 sensitive 6 sensible 7 truthful 8 true 9 intolerant 10 intolerable II economic 12 economical

1 breakdown 2 comeback 3 rnflrlCmiddotmiddotlln

4 outcome 5outlook 6 outbreak 7 8 feedback 9 takfaww

10 aovvnr~ul

10 1 Set up a home office 2 computer computer table 3 Some of the 4 Hes no 5 he

2 Ib 2c 3a 4d

1M 2G 3G 4M 5M 6M 7G 8M

n 2 leI bread breath breadth thread deaf death lead meant weapon

li1 meat scream breathe cheat beast heal reason

III ear dear tear hear dear theatre weary

le)1 wear tear bear pear swear

lell break

lalearn earth search

1 I a 2 the 3 the 4 a 5 a the 6 the 7 a - 8 the - 9 a The - the

2 1 A 2 the 3 a 4 - 5 the 6 a 7 the 8 a 9 the 10 - 11 the 12her 13the 14a 15- 16shy17 18 a 19 the 20 The 2I an 22the 23the 24 the

1 1

2 I All none 2 either both 3 both neither 4 every 5 7 Each 8 either both 9 10 Either 11 both either 12 Each

) 1These 2 This 3That 4 those 5 that 6 that 7 this 8 these 9 this 10 this 11 that 12 this 13 That 14 those 15 that

4 2 the 3 one 4 her 7 of 8

11 her 12 a lot of 13 the 17 those

18 no 19 their 20 most her 22 a 23 several 24 this 25 the 26 her 27 The

aU

6 1 be on the safe side in touch with sb no in on ones mind

up to date have the nerve to do sth a word with sb

no sth

2 2 have the to 3 will be in touch with 4 is on mind 5 havea with 6 had the nerve to 7 to be on the safe side 8 have no chance of 9 no in

10 have been in touch with

1 lout of 2 in 3 on 4 for 5 in 6 between 7 for 8 to 9 about 10 with 11 to 12 of 13 14 in 15 to

11 IT 2F 3F 4F 5T 6T

2 1Apt)arentlv 3 After all 4 Ho~)etuilly 6 Pr~umably fact

NOIm Verb advice 1Jdvals to advise 1Jdvalzl use louse abuse to abuse belief to believe relief Inlifl to relieve Irllivl

to excuse to excuse breath to breathe half Ihafl to halve Ihavl house Ihaosl to house Ihaozl

safe Iseafl to save Isew bath Ibael to bathe lbel61

10 1 B I did do it 2 B 3 B I 4 B I knew that ago 5 B 1didnt tell 6 B I teU her 7 B I 8 B I 9 B I like Annie I think

10 B 11ike her

94 key

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9

10 11

12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Phonetic symbols

Consonants

Ipl as in pen Ipenl bl as in big bIg I It I as in tea Iti1 Id as in do Idu1

IkJ as in cat Ikret Igl as in go Ig~ol

IfI as in four IfJI Ivl as in very veril

lsI as in son ISAnl IzI asin zoo Izu1 11 as in live Ihvl ImJ asm my ImaJi Inl as in near Im~1

hI as in happy hrepil

Irl as in red Iredl Ijl as in yes Ijesl Iwl as in want Iwont

leI as in thanks lerelJksl

161 as in the 16~1

III as in she IIi1

13 I as in television ltehvl3l11

ItII as in child ItlaIldl Id3 I as in German d33m~nl

IIJI as in English IllJghJI

Vowels

2S li1 as in see Isi1 26 III as in his IhIzI 27 Iii as in twenty Itwentil 28 leI as in ten Itenl 29 lrel as in stamp Istrempl

30 101 as in father fo6~1

31 101 as in hot hot

32 IJI as in morning lmJmIJI 33 101 as in football lfutbJII

34 lu1 as in you Iju1 3S IAI as in sun ISAnI

36 131 as in learn 113nI 37 I~I as in letter 1let~1

DIphthongs (two vowels together)

38 lell asm name Inelm I 39 ~o as in no In~o

40 lall as in my Imal I 41 lau asin how haul

42 bJi as in boybJJi

43 II~I as 10 hear hI~1

44 le~1 as in where Iwe~1

45 lu~1 as in tour Ito~

BoskofVictoria Ivleva) Kobal j)rnterlDrearnw1orks) (Frank

(New (ralnlx)wlhotodlsc) 64 (Taj MahaljPhotodisc) Phcltolilbrary

1ul 1 RFJ 35 (mother ampdaughter in kitchenj wCltchling1V1rMltJlOdlgtoord RF) Punchstock

(two men all~illgJIlJal1lanaStoct) 19 ofboo~S~lot(~isc)32~~re~miln2

UNIVERSITY PIllESS

Great Clarendon Street Oxford OX2 6DP

Oxford University Press is a department ofthe University ofOxford

putllistling wOlrldvvide in research scholarship

Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala lumpur Madrid Melbol1rne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto

With offices in

Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Poland Ponugal Sin~alllOre South Korea Thrkey Ukraine

OXFORD and OXFORD ENGLISH are registered trade marks of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries

() Oxford University Press 2009

The moral rights ofthe author have been asserted

Database right Oxford University Press (maker)

First published 2009 1013 2012 1011 2010 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

No unauthorized photocopying All rights reserved No part ofthis publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means vvithout the University Press

expJresslly pE~rmined by law the applropriate organization Enquiries concerning reproduction outside

should be sent to the ElT Rights Department Oxford University Press at the address above

You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer

Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain and their addresses are provided by Oxford University Press for information only Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility for the content

ISBN-13 9780 194714433

Printed in China

This book is printed on paper from certified and wen-managed sources

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

16 A Vision Life 2004 Reproduced by kind

permission ofClare Chapman p54 Seeker reproduced from Radio Times Magazine 2-9 July 2004 Reproduced by kind permission

nustrntions by Gill Bunon p9 Paul GiIIiganJ(etty Images Ned jolliffe pp 36 69 Roger Penvvill pS8 Harry Venning pp38 5771 80 172

Commissioned Photography by Pierre dAlancaisez 134 Mark Mason p47 Garry OBrien (cottage) p60

1kn1IC IJnh reslllltsfPallil Bald1esare) 32man at desk Iptlilnir wmiddotflITIIn smiJirtgfStere Hamblin) 50 (Concorde

Richard Cooke) SO (Angel FaUsJacquesjangoux) 51 (Praia Da peL) 60 (GrandadfDenmanJAlamy) 63 (man on phonefFogStock) 67 (girl two boysJUPITERIMAGESCreatas) 71 (woman manimageshop) 791windsurferl Steve Austin) Anthony Blake Photo Buntrock) Axiom Photographic Agency 50 (Petronas TowersfMary Winch) Cartoon 11 (carAdey Bryant) 15 (waiterJPatrick Hardin) 24 (answerphone Hatley Schwadron) 39 (advertiSingJohn Morris) 65 (customsRoy Nixon) 74 Percival) Corbis pp 05 (woman on phone FancyfVeerl 12 Van Hasselt) 21 (ShrekEriko SugitaJ Reuters) 26 (Frank AbagnaleReuters) 28 (women having serious talkfNorbert Schaefer) 42 (Gisele BundchenEpitacio setl Christian SinlorlpiietriiSjgrrla) 77 (girl at computerlWA-JDCj 79 (woman walking in Ramazanijzefa) Coreyography LLC Images p13 Exley Publications Fiddys Guide to Husbands

Lose Weight) 31 78 Getty Editorial pp17 Ihi1Icpr lPnitllrlmiddotiPI~fltnmiddot 56 Impact Photos Ltd

68 (having coffeeBrand XPictures) 71 (mature manfRubberball) 76 (two menJIT Stock free) 82 Rex Features pp06 Studio Aisslinger 30 (Tom Meddle)

ISBN 978-0middot19middot471443middot3

III II9 780194 714433

  • boonedpdf
    • coverpdf
    • workbook with key
      • end
Page 5: Upper-Intermediate Workbook with

2 Correcting mistakes Correct the sentences

r working

10 l-wefk hard at the moment

because I have exams next week

20 Its really cold lately so Ive

bought a new winter coat

30 Arsenal play really well at the

moment Their new player has

real talent

40 Ive heard youll get married

Congratulations

5 0 I was doing my homework

when my friend was calling

60 When I was a little girl Ive

always spent my pocket money

on sweets

70 I worked with Paulo for two

years now and we still get on

well together

80 I cant decide what to buy

my brother for his birthday

Perhaps Im going to get him

a new shirt

9 0 A one-day strike has called by

London Underground workers

for Friday this week

10 0 The teacher said that Megan had

been working hard and was

deserved to pass all her exams

3 Choosing the right tense UII Read the telephone conversation between Sophie in New Zealand and her mum in Britain Put the verbs into the correct tense Sometimes there is more than one answer

Phoning home M Hello

S Muml Its mel How (1) you (do)

M Sophie What a nice surpriset Where (2)

_____ (phone) from

you

S 1(3) _____(stay) in a hotel in Auckland at the momen1

and I (4) just (find) this payphone

and I (5) (want) to actually speak to you for a while so

M Well it (6) (be) great to hear your voice We (7) ____

(miss) you so much Im glad you (8) _____(be) home in a few days

1cant waitl

S Me neither But I (9) _____ (send) you and Dad lots of emails and

letters havent I I (10) (write) you another long email today

but it isnt finished yet And I (11) (buy) you some fantastic

presentsI

M Good Im glad to hear itl And next time I hope you (12) _____

(not stay) away for so long and I hope we (13) _____ (be able) to fly

out and meet up with youl

S Of course you willi But Mum I (14) _____never _____

(visit) such a beautiful place in all my life Do you know where we

(15)_____ (go) yesterday It was a place called Hot Water Beach It

(16) (be) fantastic We (17) (dig) holes in the

sand and (18) (sit) in hot bubbling water up to our necksl

M Sounds amazingI Lucky you I

SOh I (19) really (look forward) to seeing you and Dad again on Friday See you at the airport at 830 Dont forget

M We (20) (wait) there with open armsl Safe journey Sophie See you soonl

Passives Grammar Reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Active or passive 1 These sentences sound unnatural in the

active Rewrite them using the passive

1 They built our house in the 17th century

2 Someones decorating my flat at the moment

3 Has someone fixed the coffee machine yet

4 We ate in restaurants while they were building the new kitchen

While the new kitchen

5 We arrived at work to find out that someone had burgled our office

6 They wont recognize her in those dark glasses

She

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense active or passive

The burglars (catch) as

they (leave) the office

2 The postbox always

_____ (empty) at 12 midday

3 Aunt Mary is terribly upset Her cat

_____ (miss) for three days now

4 We _____ (drive)downaquiet

country lane when suddenly we

--____ (overtake) by a police car

5 When I woke up this morning the world

looked magical It (snow) all night

6 When you ( arrive) in

New York you (pick up) by one of our drivers and taken to the conference centre

6 Unit 1 bull No place like home

1 Put the verb in brackets into the correct verb form active or passive positive or negative Sometimes there is more than one answer

A German architect Werner Aisslinger thinks that he (l) _____

(find) the answer to our crowded cities He (2) _____ (invent)

a portable micro-apartment These apartments (3) (call)

Loftcubes and they can (4) ~____ (lift) onto any empty flat

roof by helicopter

Each Loftcube (S) _____ (design) with a kitchen and

- bathroom as well as a large living area They are extremely modern-

they (6) (build) using all the latest ideas fabrics and

technology in interior design

The Loftcube (7) first_____ (show) at an

exhibition in Berlin last year but Be~lin (8) _____ (be) the right

place for them because it (9) _____(have) a housing shortage

These apartments (10) _____need) in busy overcrowded cities

such as London and New York

They ClI (cost) very much - only pound38000 In the

future Aissl inger hopes that young professionals who often move from

city to city Cl2 (buy) them When it Cl3 ---- shy

be time to move they (14) ___ just _____ take their

home with them

Since the Berlin exhibition last year we U5 ____ _ (speak)

to a number of companies interested in building them but no decisions

(16) (make) yet says Aisslinger

He thinks that the homes (I7) (be) ready by the end of

next year Aisslingers vision of the future is of many rooftop communities

in each big City and it is possible that this way of life (lS) ---- shy

(reach) Britain first

2 Here are the answers to some questions about Werner Aisslinger and his Loftcube Write the questions

What A portable micro-apartment called a Loftcube

2 Why Loftcubes Because they can be lifted onto any roof by helicopter

3 Where At an exhibition in Berlin last year

4 In busy overcrowded cities

S pound38000

6 Young professionals who often move from city to city

7 Who A number of companies interested in building Loftcubes

8

By the end of next year

Auxiliary verbs Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

6 have be or do Complete the sentences with the correct form of have be or do Write A for an auxiliary verb and F for a full verb Sometimes the auxiliary is negative

1 [] They had finished supper when we arrived

2 [poundJ We had pizza for supper last night

3 0 It been a lovely day Thank you

4 0 I my homework very quickly yesterday evening

S D I always a shower after work

6 D I always had a passion for Lebanese food

7 D Fatima overslept so she catch her train

8 D What have you to your hair You look awful

9 D What your new boss look like

10 D This self-portrait painted by Van Gogh

11 D My car being repaired at the moment

12 D I hate the washing-up Id like a dishwasher

have and have got Grammar Reference 11 Students Book p140

7 Forms ofhave and have got Complete the conversations with a form of have or have got Sometimes both forms are possible

A Rebecca you a headache

B No its not that I a driving test tomorrow and I feel sick

A Good luck I hope you pass

B Well I a new car so it would be good ____ a driving licence

2 A ____ you ____ any pets

B No we you

A Oh yes I a cat all my life At the moment 1____ a cat two fish and two birds

B Id love a cat but Im not so sure about birds

3 A Come on We hurry Were late

B But I my passport I cant find it anywhere

A You it yesterday a look in your bag

B I it You were right

4 A Im looking forward to a few days holiday I ____ so much work for the past couple of months I a break forages

B Youre lucky I any holiday left

Unit 1 bull No place like home 1

Vocabulary 8 Compound nouns

Write one word to make three compound nouns Check the use of hyphens in your dictionary

test works pressure sign10 donor map

cover line case port2 11 shelf mail

fall light 3 melon 12 break

skiing dream

house shake 4 grocer 13 writing

salad bag

club cube 5 mare 14 berg

time rink

brief birthday 6 suit 15 credit

book business

tea scape 7 plastic 16 lady

shopping slide

bow shop 8 coat 17 centre

drop car

note 9 rise 18 address

set visitors

Amazing But when we go on holiday one suitcase is too heavy for you

9 house and home idioms Tick (-) the correct definition for each idiom Use your dictionary

They get on like a house on fire a D They have a very good relationship b D They are always having arguments

2 Help yourself to tea or coffee - make yourself at home a D Make your own drinks

b D Please behave in my house as if it were yours

3 The comedians performance brought the house down a D The performance was a success

b D The performance wasnt a success

4 The news report really brought home to me the horrors ofthe famine a D The report made me realize fully the horrors of

the famine

b D The report clearly showed the horrors of famine

S His sarcastic comments really hit home a D He was sarcastic about my house

b D His comments really hurt my feelings

6 This shaky old bridge is actually (as) safe as houses a D Dont worry The bridge is very safe

b D Be careful The bridge isnt safe at all

2 DO Complete the conversations with the idioms from exercise 1 in the correct form

A I was so sorry to hear that your cat had died

B Thank you When I saw her empty bowl it really the fact that Id never

see her again

2 A How did the meeting with Andys parents go

B It was great We all

3 A Hello Sorry were so late our plane was delayed

B Dont worry Just sit down and relax and

Ill put the kettle on

4 A Did you read those excellent reviews in the local

paper about the school play

B Yes I did Apparently it

5 A Im not going up there It looks a bit dangerous

B Oh come on Its and the view from the top is fantastic

6 A Why is Terence always so horrible to poor Dennis

B I dont know But I could see in his face that Terences

cri ticisms really Perhaps hell finally get another job this time

8 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Phrasal verbs 10 Literal and idiomatic meanings

8 Phrasal verbs sometimes have a literal meaning and sometimes an idiomatic meaning

Ilooked up the tree but Icouldnt see my cat (literal)

Ilooked up the spelling in my dictionary (idiomatic)

In this exercise the phrasal verbs are all used literally Complete the sentences with a particle from the box Some are used more than once

I away on off bade out down in I The dentist said my tooth was bad He had to pull it

2 Dont run Come here I want to talk to you

3 My aunt fell the stairs and broke her leg

4 And I fell my horse

5 When the sun went it was really cold

6 A button has come my shirt Could

you sew it back for me

7 I dont feel like cooking tonight Shall we eat

-----

8 Im going to the library to take _____ the books Ive finished

9 Ive just hung the washing out and its starting to rain Can you help me to bring it

10 Dont throw that empty box Im sure I can use it for something

Jenny andJanine fell out again last night

2 Complete the pairs of sentences with the same phrasal verb from the box in the correct form Write L for a literal meaning and I for an idiomatic one

take off fall out pick up sort out put up stand up hold on

o After my operation all my hair ----- Its growing back now though

o Jenny and Janine again last night I could hear them arguing

2 0 Im coming to London for an interview next week - can you me for the night

o your hand if you know the answer

3 0 I all my clothes drawers today so now I know where everything is

o Weve got a problem here but if we try hard Im sure we can ____ it-___

4 0 When I was at school we had to _____ when the teacher came in the room

o You shouldnt let your sister tell you what to do all the time You should for yourself more and say what you think

5 0 A Can I speak to Kate please

B Ill just get her

o When youre riding on the back of a motorbike you have to tight

6 0 Its too warm to be wearing a jumper Why dont you it

o After a slow start my business finally started to

7 D I was never taught how to cook I just ___ it from my mother

D The babys crying Can you him

----

Unit 1 bull No place like home 9

2

Pronunciation

lei li1III

Itter b1(gt(

lui lrellu1

101gt1 131

Write the words from the box in the correct place on the chart There are three words for each vowel sound

letter bsy tree suit good cool sock camp early w~ther f~ther floor woman walk fath~ work wQmen shoe search heat m~chine mother daughter fun machine b~lding wQrry odd breakfast want g~rden f~mily

could accent banan~ banana

IAI

101

lal

listening 12 Agood mate

1 011 Listen to the conversation Mark the sentences true (I) or false (~)

1 0 Mike and Jerry arranged to meet 2 0 Mike has been away 3 0 Jerrys enjoying work at the moment 4 0 He likes his new boss 5 0 He doesnt want to apply for another job 6 0 He and Sara have enough money for a new car 7 0 Jerry is going to convince Sara that Mike needs

a holiday 8 D Mike is grateful to Jerry

2 011 Listen again and find expressions for these definitions

visit someone unexpectedly ________

2 Thats a shame I boring I not fair ______

3 a very important person _________

4 I dont understand ---------- shy

5 not feel able to do something________ 6 Thanks ______________________

3 Look at the tapescript on p83 Find examples of where words have been missed out in informal conversation

11 1

Vowel sounds and sentence stress IDI Each of these words in phonetics has a different English vowel sound Write the words (They are all from Unit 1 of the Students Book)

There is a list of phonetic symbols at the back ofthis Workbook

1 Ifrendl 7 Islreml

2 rIlJghJI 8 Iboksl

3 Iklinl 9 lagtu

4 lrohnal 10 IW3k

5 Itukl 11 ItJoU

6 grupl 12 Iwmtal

DO This chart shows the main English vowel sounds

10 Unit 1 bull No place like home

Present Perfect Continuous verb forms have something done

Been there done that

Present Perfect Grammar Reference Students Book p141

Present Perfect Simple or Continuous Match the lines to make sentences

A I -

1 Ive written Ive been writing

to Auntie Fay to wish her happy birthday

my essay all morning

2 Ive lost weight recently Ive been losing my car keys

3 Theyve missed you lots so come home soon Theyve been missing the train

4 Shes been talking on the phone for ages Shes talked about this subject before

5 Paulas been leaving work early today to meet Paulas left her uncle

work late all this week

6 The cats been going to our neighbours to have The cats gone its dinner

upstairs

7 Hes had aheart attack Hes been having second thoughts about

accepting the job

8 Ive been saving up to buy anew television Ive saved up about pound200

9 Ive been swimming Ive swum

twenty lengths today which is why my hair is wet

10 Ive been finding my cheque book at last Ive found it difficult to concentrate

recently

2 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous

Iv k plavinA (play) tennis all morning and Im really tired

2 Please drive carefully to work It_____ (snow) and the roads are very dangerous

3 Howfar _____ you _____ (travel) this morning

4 Kay and Bruno Parker (live) in London for the past five years Recently they _____ (try) to buy a house in the country but they (not manage) to sell their flat yet

5 Bill and Andy (argue) a lot recently because Bills always leaving work early

6 I (eat) so much icemiddotcream I feel sick

7 The trains (run) late all morning

8 Cecilia (cry) all day because she ---__ (fail) all her exams

9 I (sunbathe) all morning and now Ive got sunburn

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 11

2 Present Perfect and Past Simple Look at Junko Tabers personal history Complete the questions and answers

Junko 11lbei THE FIRST WOMAN TO CLIMB EVEREST

Born in Fukushima Japan

Started at Fukushima Elementary School

Went mountain-climbing for the first time with her school class

Joined a mountaineering club

Graduated from Showa Womens University with a degree in English and American literature and devoted herself to mountaineering

Got married

Started the first womens climbing club in Japan

Had her first child a daughter

Climbed Mount Everest and received a medal from the King of Nepal

Hadason

Became the first woman to climb the Seven Summits (the highest mountain in each of the seven continents)

Climbed her 113thmountain

Where was Junlco Tabei born In ____________________________

2 Which ____________________to

FukushiMa EleMentary School

Simple or continuous verb forms Grammar Reference Students Book p141

3 Spider-boy I Read about Scott Cory and choose the correct verb form

Spider-Boy JENNIFER CORY (1) stands is standing in Yosemite National

Park California looking though a powerful telescope She looks

like a bird-watcher but she (2) actually watches is actually

watching her 14-year-old son Scott who (3) climbs is climbing

the face of a 2900-foot mountain He (4) has climbed has been

climbing all morning and he (5) has nearly reached has nearly

been reaching the top

Scott Cory is the American schoolboy rock-climbing sensation

He (6) has already climbed has already been climbing some of

the highest most dangerous rock -faces in the world He (7) started

climbing was starting climbing when he was seven and he

(8) broke was breaking his first record when he was II He

(9) became was becoming the youngest person to climb the

famous EI Capitan mountain in one day He (10) has been named

has been being namedSpider-boy by the press

Scott (11) trains is training at least five hours aday four days a

week He (12) has prepared has been preparing for months for his 3 How long __________ climbing

Since she ______________________

4 What ___________at university

5 How long _________________ married

_______________________ 38 years

6 What ______________ she was 30 bull

7 When _________Mount Everest ________________ 36

8 Who _____________________ a medal The __________________________~

9 How many _________climbed

10 Has _______________ exciting life

latest challenge Next month he (13) will climb will be climbing

La Esfmge mountain in Peru Steve Schneider 43 his fellow rockshy

c1imber says I (14) havent seen havent been seeing any other

kids do what he does

l1li Read Scotts email from Peru Complete the email with the verbs in the box in the correct form Decide if the verbs are simple or continuous Sometimes there is more than one answer

do (x 2) arrive choose stay go become train call be not be look make take prepare not enjoy sound get

Dear Mom and Dad

Lots of love from sunny Peru I (1) M doing fine so far

and Steve (2) good care of me as usual We

(3) _____at Lima airport last night I

(4) the flight much It was very long

Lima is very hot and crowded but we (5) _____

only here for one more night Tomorrow we

(6) to La Esfinge to take a look Steve says

that out of all the mountains here he (7) the

hardest climb for us It (8) Welcome to the

Slabs of Koricancha Funny name eh

I think this climb (9) harder than anything

I (10) in my life The high altitude

(11) it difficult to breathe And there

(12) many hand and foot holds because the

rock face is so smooth But I (13) forward

to it It (14) like a lot of fun

I (15) so hard recently and I think I

(16) enough for this climb So please dont

worry about me If we (17) to the top we

(18) _____ the first Americans to do it

Wish me luck and thanks for everything Mom and Dad

Scott

Passive Grammar reference 12 Students Book p141

4 Present Perfect passive 1 Rewrite the sentences using the passive and omitting

the subject

The shop has already delivered the new sofa Thenewsofu __________________________

2 Have the workmen repaired the street lights yet

3 The government has just passed some new antishysmoking laws

Some new anti-smoking laws ------------ shy

4 The local counci1 hasnt built any new homes for twenty years No _________________________________

5 Nobody has watered the plants The plants ___________________________

2 Rewrite the newspaper headlines using the Present Perfect passive

Rat Alert at BuckinahaJD Palace

Ratl hav4 found itt BM~M PaiaM

2 Dramatic Rescue of Yachtsman in Pacific

Theft of Valuable Jewels fngtnl Sothebys

4 Missing Boy Alive

5 Huge Pay Rise for Police

6 Monsoon Kills 260 in India

7 AncieDt Tomb Discovery iD Egypt

5 have something done

1 Look at the difference in meaning between these three sentences

fve repaired my bicycle=I repaired it myself My bicycle has been repaired =Someone repaired it It is not important who did it fve had mybicycle repaired = Iarrangedpaid for someone to repair it for me (have + object + past participle)

2 Have something done is used to talk about services that you ask someone else to do

rmgoing to have myhair cut

1 Rewrite the sentences using have something done

Johns kitchen is being decorated

Uampg having thamp kitchampn duoratampd

2 My sister wants someone to pierce her ears

She wants to _________________________

3 My eyes are going to be tested

Im going to _________________________

4 Mr and Mrs Turners car has been serviced They ____________________________

5 Our television hasnt been repaired yet We havent __________________________~

2 Its Melanie and Kens wedding day Look at the notes and write sentences about what they have had are having done

ghampghad hampr wuJdin9 drampgg Madamp Uamp bullbull Thampy bullbullbull

R~C~NiLY - wedliiKl dress ~ - t~ iKvitttioKS priKted - t~ ctJ(e decortted

y~ST~RDAY - weddiK~ S1Ait amplivered - klir e1At

TODAY - klir c1o-Ke - ftowers amplivered

~~~T W~~K - ~otos ampveloped - weddiK~ dress d1-elepound-Ked

8 Ferrari Shock - 2000 Redundancies

14 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Vocabulary 1

6 Revision make or do 1 IDI Complete the conversations with make or do in the

correct form A How many wedding invitations do we need

B Mmm Let me see Fifty Thatll ( 1 ) fine

2 A Cant you (2) ___

schoolwork Joe

B Well Im (3) ___

more of an effort with your

my best Dad

3 A What have you bought all that old furniture fod

B Im going to (4) it up and sell it I think Ill (5) a nice profit on it

A Is this what youre going to (6) for a living now What happened to your job at the bank

B It was boring And they asked me to (7) overtime Im not working on Saturday mornings no way

A But it was a good job You couldve (8) well there

B Well I didnt like the manager much I dont think I (9) a very good impression on him

A Well Im not surprised You never (10) it to work on time

B Anyway you should have seen his face when I told him I was leaving (11) my day

A Oh that (12) it I can (13) without you and your old furniture all over the place Im going to look for another flatmate

5

6

7

The foods prettybad here but we make up for it with exceptionally large portions

2 Complete the sentences with these expressions in the correct form

make up for sth make off with 5th make the big time make sth of 5b do without 5b could do with sth make 5th in time

Wow Look at your name in lights

outside the theatre Youve really

2 Thank you so much for helping me

I couldnt

3 A What happened to my tuna sandwich

B Im afraid the cat grabbed it and

Sorry

4 Flowers and chocolates I know youre

trying to forgetting

my birthday But youll have to try harder

than that

Im really hungry I a big steak and chips right now

Cathy behaves really strangely sometimes

I dont know what to

Im late Ill never

the station

Unit 2 bull Been there done that 15

Vocabulary 2 Prepositions 7 Travel and transport 8 Prepositions of movement 1 Tick the verbs which go with each form of transport Complete the text with prepositions from the box

Use each preposition at least once

2 Complete the table below with the nouns in the box Some can go into more than one column

runway platform seat belt crash helmet harbour carriage traffic lights life-jacket ticket collector service station season ticket trolley tyres track horn port one-way street check-in desk traffic jam timetable hand luggage Customs deck tunnel porter cabin aisle seat

get intut of

car bus bike train plane 1-

shipferry

get onoff

takeoff

land

ride

drive

catch

miss

board

park

charter flight cycle lane cargo

car bus bike -

~

train plane shipferry ~

across against on onto along in off into up out of over through past to towards at

Joes journey across town Joes plane landed on time (I) ___

Heathrow airport He had exactly one

hour to get (2) the airport

and (3) ___

Manchester He hurried (5) ___

Customs and passport control and then

raced (6) the taxi sign at the exit

Unfortunately at that moment the strap on his rucksack

broke and it fell (7) his back and (8) -- shy

the ground Dirty socks shirts and tee-shirts spilt all

(9) the airport floor Joe was so embarrassed~

He stuffed everything back (10) his rucksack

and pushing his way (11) the crowds of people

finally made it (12) the taxi rank He jumped

(13) the nearest taxi shouting Euston Station

quickly please The taxi had to stop suddenly to avoid a

child so Joe was thrown forward hitting his face

(14) the glass partition The taxi sped on and

finally arrived (15) the city centre and inevitably

the middle of a traffic jam It would be quicker to walk Joe

paid the driver leapt (16) the taxi and ran

(17) the pavement (18) all the

brightly-lit shop windows At last he could see the station

oppositel but it was difficult to get (19) the road

because of all the traffic He reached the station just as his

train was leaving He jumped (20) the barrier

raced (21) the platform and leapt (22) -- shy

the train with seconds to spare He sighed with relief - he

would be home in time for New Year

16 Unit 2 bull Been there done that

bullbull bullbullbull bullbullbull

bullbullbull bullbullbullbull bullbullbullbull

Pronunciation 9 Word stress 1 IDJ Here are pairs of words in phonetic

script from Students Book Unit 2 Look at the stress marks Transcribe them and practise saying them

1 lkspbr~ lekspl~reIJ~n

3 k~ntnbjut lkontnbjuJnI

4 md~stril 1m I dAstri~l

S lIkon~mil ik~nomlks

6 pol~tlks pOI~tIJnI

2 What is the stress pattern of the words in exercise I Write the words in the correct column below

explorer

-

exploration

3 l1li Say these words from Unit 2 Write them in the correct column above

discovery develop backpacker information calculate abroad destruction kilometre unique destroy unspoilt Vietnam pollution industry environment paradise European destination diarrhoea inhabitant illegal

Listening 10 Acamping

nightmare

1 lID Listen to Susan talking to Alex and Marie about her camping trip Mark the sentences true (I) or false (1)

1 D Susan is in a good mood 2 D She went camping with her new friend Tiffany 3 D Tiffanys been camping before 4 D Susan was relatively calm in the storm S D Tiffany eventually saw the funny side of things 6 D Susans looking forward to going round to see Tiffany again 7 0 Marie was very sympathetic to Susan during the story 8 D Alex was very sympathetic about Tiffany during the story

2 Who makes these exclamations Put Afor Alex Mfor Marie and S for Susan

1 0 Hey Susan What a surprise 2 D Whoops 3 D I mean how silly 4 0 What a shame S 0 How awful 6 D What a nightmare 7 D Yuck 8 D What a ridiculous thing to happen 9 D Phew What a relief

10 D What rubbish

3 lID Listen again Complete the lines with the fillers you hear

she turned up with _____two suitcases and a

hairdryerl-____

2 she-----started crying a bit saying that she was

scared And I was trying to_____ reassure her

3 it all went dark and she freaked out and

started running across the field

4 Well I ran after her and fell into some _____ disgusting

muddy stuff

5 and then I started to laugh _____ really laugh

6 She caught a taxi and went off still with the sleeping bag

round her and grass and leaves in her hair _____

Unit 2 bull Been there done that

Narrative tenses Time expressions

What a story

Narrative tenses Grammar Reference Students Book pMl

1 Irregular verbs Complete the sentences with the irregular verb in the box in either the Past Simple or the Past Perfect

fallD~

Harry in love with the Greek way of life while he was working in Athens

2 He in love with every country hed been to but this was different He wanted to live there forever

tear 0 3 Josie saw Camillas trousers and asked how she

_____ them

4 While she was hiking in the Alps she _____ her

trousers on a rock

cost 0 5 It _____ an awful lot to have our car fixed

6 Ted told me his new car _____a fortune

fly D 7 When I went to Australia I was nervous because I

_____(never) before

8 The plane took off and into the clouds

catch 0 9 Suzy wondered how she a cold in the

middle of her summer holiday

10 She a taxi outside the restaurant and went back to her hotel

beD 11 Talks _____ held in New York last week to

discuss global warming

12 When the delegates left the talks no decisions _____ reached

2 Tick the verbs in exercise 1 which have the same form for the Past Simple and the past participle

2 Past Simple or Past Continuous Choose the correct tense

I lived I was living in Istanbul when I met I was meeting my husband

2 Our team played I was playing really well We won I were winning at half time but in the end we lost I were losing 3-2

3 I didnt think I wasnt thinking of having a birthday dinner but now Im glad I had I was having one

4 Im so tired The baby next door was coughing I coughed all night long and we werent getting I didnt get any sleep

S Roger sunbathed I was sunbathing by the hotel pool when he heard I was hearing a strange sound An enormous insect appeared I was appearing and landed I was landing on his leg

6 It was snowing I snowed when I got up I was getting up this morning The children next door made I were making a snowman so I quickly put I was putting on some warm clothes and raced I was racing outside to help them

7 Jack was playing I played happily in the snow when his big brother hit I was hitting him on the head and made I was making him cry

The kids just played quietlyal night like kids do

18 Unit 3 bull What astory

3 Which narrative tense Complete the article with the verbs in the box

Past Simple -

heard reached shouted said called wasnt went back in managed had to felt was swam pulled

Past Continuous -

was standing was trying were getting was recovering

Past Perfed Simple

had been knocked had taken had just finished had hit had moved

Past Perfect Continuous -

had been swimming had been surfing

Present Perfect

has been have been

Sightless swimmer saves a surfer Alec Munroe (1) had II cwiMMittq in the sea off the coast near his house

in St Ives Cornwall and (2) on the beach when he thought

he (3) cries for help

Despite being totally blind Mr Munroe (4) the sea to

rescue the person in difficulties

1 (5) just in the right place at the right time to help

somebody the 51-year-old (6) yesterday

Mr Munroe who (7) blind for 22 years (8) ____

to reach Matthew Slade by using the drowning mans cries to guide

him Mr Slade (9) but (10) off his surfboard by

a huge wave and (11) his head on a rock Mr Munroe

(12) through rough sea to find him then (13) ____

Mr Slade and his surfboard back to shore

Mr Munroe explained 1 (14) drying myself when someone (15) ____

Help I (16) back to him to keep on shouting 1 (17) think about the direction

of the wind too While I (18) to find him the wind and the waves (19) stronger

and stronger But I just kept going until I finally (20) him and got him back to the shore

It (21) a long time to fight through the high waves and we (22) completely

exhausted Last night Mr Slade (23) ____ in hospital from shock and a broken arm

What was even more remarkable was that Mr Munroe (24) familiar with the coastline

He and his wife (25) to St Ives only two weeks before

Fortunately I (26) a good swimmer all my life he said

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 19

2

4 1 time Use

in the same a 10 years ago

b my poem

3 married was

4 ( time I was 40

25 d until Iwas 30 many years e for years

6 f since six

7 g until I

8 the h when arrived 3 races9 station

10 j races

11 k until it was too

12 4 centre

13 m

14 TV n minute

15 He 0

2

5

estate

A Roman

centre

tenses 5

7

6

7 8 new

8 1____________________________________

a New

3 bull a

I base not write

There are many new charactersl by far the best one being

Puss-in-Bootsl

(14)

message that whether you (15)

whitel purplel

stili

thatIS the biggest fairytale of all

Revision of active and passive 6 Film review

DO Read the review and complete it with a verb in the correct tense active or passive

Shrek 2 is a bit more 01 the same but not quite says Gerard Cross

Fairytale ending I regard show feel like make I

Oont get me wrong I liked Shrek 2 When the film (1) in cinemas last weeki

kids and their mums and dads (2) itl too But the first Shrek will be the one

that (3) ___ as a classic

The most striking thing about the original Shrek was its freshness It (4) new

and excitingl because of the progress that (5) ---by the film industry in animation

techniques With Shrek 21 of coursel there isnt the same surprise

Imarry tell rescue introduce not make I

The film begins in traditional fair~tale style in the Kingdom of Far Far AwaYI as Prince

Charming (voiced by Rupert Everett) (6) the story of how he tried to rescue

Princess Fiona from the Dragon Butl of coursel Fiona (7) ___ already ___ by our

lovable monster Shrekl and whats morel shes (8) him Now Shrek (9) by

his new wife to his parents-in-law PredictablYI he (10) ___ a good impression on the King

and Queen (voiced by John Cleese and Julie Andrews)

voice love be end

who (11) by Antonio Banderas

AmusinglYI this character (12) on the

actorls film role of Zorro

However the plot (13) by the

original creative teaml and it shows The story

with a typically Hollywood feel-good

blackl

or a green monsterl you (16) ___

for who you are inside And unfortunatelYI

Unit 3 bull What astory 21

Vocabulary 7 The world of literature

The following words are related to prose poetry or drama Put them into the correct columns Some words can go in more than one column

nursery rhyme plot chapter critic director

Phrasal verbs 8 Type 1phrasal verbs

There are four types of phrasal verb Types 2and 3 are on p36 in Unit 5and type 4 is on p48 in Unit 7 Type 1phrasal verbs consist of a verb + adverb There is no object They can be both literal and metaphorical

She stood up and wallced out (literal) The bomb went off (metaphorical)

backstage Match the phrasal verbs and definitions best-seller script 1 find out ~ have a calmer more stable lifereview 2 break up wait a minutecharacter

3 hold-on - be quietleading role 4 speak up - discovernovelist

blockbuster 5 set off be happier verse 6 stay in not go out stay at home fairytale 7 settle down talk louder setting 8 turn up arrive whodunnit 9 cheer up end a relationshiprehearsal 10 shut up begin a journeyscience fiction hardback

Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs from performance exercise 1 Put the verbs in the correct form thriller

playwright Peter hasnt arrived yet - I hope he _____ autobiography

soon act full house paperback

Poetry Prose -shy

Drama -

2 We have a long journey tomorrow What time do we have to

3 Why are you so miserable -----

4 I dont feel like going out tonight Shall we _____ and order a pizza

5 Larry was a bit wild at university but then he got a job found a lovely wife and had kids

6 After a long engagement Josh and Lil eventually _____because Lil had to move to Australia

to look after her sick father

7 Can I copy your homework The teacher will never

8 Im trying to watch a programme

and youre all talking

9 A Whats Bills phone number

B Ill just look it up

_____We cant hear you at the back 10

22 Unit 3 What a story

Pronunciation 9 Diphthongs

Diphthongs are two vowel sounds which run together

hear Ihlal =hI + lal diphthong ral

hair Iheal =leI + lal diphthong leal

There is a list of diphthongs at the back of this Workbook

1 DB Choose the correct transcription of each word What is the other word Read both aloud

1 pay lpeJ lpe~ 5 dear dI~ Ide~ 2 write ralti r~utl 6 boy Ib~ul IbJIl 3 phone If~unJ falnJ 7 tour Itu~1 It~ul 4 round Iremd Iraundl 8 fair IfI~1 Ife~

2 DB Read the poem aloud Write the number next to the correct sound

SOUNDS AND LETTERS DONT AGREE

When the English tongue we speak

Why does (1) break not rhyme with (2) weak

Wont you tell me why Irs true

We say (3) sew but also (4) few

And the maker of a verse

Cannot rhyme his (5) horse with (6) worse

(7) Beard is not the same as (8) heard

(9) Cord is different from (10) word

(11) Cow Is cow but (12lowIs low

(13) Shoe is never rhymed with (14) foe

Think of (15) hose and (16) dose and (11) lose

And think of (18) loose and yet of (19) choose

think of (20) comb and (21) tomb and (22) bomb

(23) Doll and (24) roll

and (2S) hDme and (26) some

And since (27) pay is rhymed with (28) soy

Why not (29) fHJd with (30) SIlid I pray

Think of (31) blood and (32) food and (33) good

(34) Mould Is not pronounced like (35) could

Why is it (36) done but (37) gone and (38) lone

Is there any reason known

[]i1 [l]ell

Du1 Daul

D=gtI D31

[]I31 OIla

D31 D=gtI

Oaul Ol~ul

Du1 Daul

DtuzI D~uzl Oausl

DuzJ DusI

ODmI DumI O~oml

Doll Daull

OIAmJ D~uml

Dell DeIl

Dell Ole

Dul Du1 DIAl

Dudl D~ldl

Daul DIAl Dol

To sum up it seems to me

That sounds and letters dont agree

Unit 3 bull What astoryl 23

Questions and negatives I dont thi nk youre right

Nothing but the truth

Negatives Grammar Reference 42 Students Book pl44

Negative auxiliaries Complete the sentences with the negative auxiliaries in the box

isnt arent mnot hasnt didnt doesnt dont hadnt wont havent

Jackie speaks fluent French but 1___

2 We wanted to leave the restaurant but Fred ___

3 Ive been to America but my parents___

4 I thought Volvos were made in Austria but they ___

5 They said she was getting better but she ___

6 Ill be moving to London but my brother ___

7 My husbands going to the wedding but I ____

8 Jo likes Indian food but Andrew ___

9 Bill thought Id forgotten our wedding anniversary but 1___

10 The bedrooms been decorated but the bathroom ___

-1-II tt

f ~------------_____________1

2 no not -nt or none Complete the sentences with no not -nt or none

1 Ill help you but not tonight

2 We have no onions left Sorry

3 Non6 of us understood the lesson

4 The teacher wasnt very clear

5 I asked you __ to make a mess

6 Why did __you do what I asked

7 How do you manage __ to put on any weight

8 Bring Alessia to the restaurant but __ Ben Hes too loud

9 Theres __ meat in this dish so its suitable for vegetarians

10 A Who likes algebra

__ meB

11 A Wheres the nearest swimming pool

B There are __around here

12 She has __ idea of how to enjoy herself

13 Why have __ you emailed me for so long

14 I can cook but __ the way my mother does

15 A Do you work late

B __ if I can help it

16 A Wheres the coffee

B Theres __ left

17 __ plants can survive without water

18 Ive got __ time for people who are rude

19 __ of my friends smoke

20 A Do you like jazz

B __ usually

24 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

3 Opposite meanings Rewrite the sentences to give them the opposite meaning Make any necessary changes using negative forms and antonyms

1 Shes rich Shes got lots of money Shes poor She hastt got a~y money at all

2 I told you to go-to work Why are you in bed

3 Tom was a successful businessman who achieved a lot in his life

4 Our house is difficult to find Everybody always gets lost

5 We had a lovely time in Muscat There werent many people there

6 You must exercise your ankle Try to move it as much as possible

7 I must iron my shirt Im going out tonight

8 You need to come with me I wont go on my own

9 I was in a hurry because I needed to go to the shops

10 All of the students passed the exam so their teacher was pleased

4 I dont think youre right

In English we usually say I dont think + affirmative verb

I dont think Iknow you NOT IdliRk I deRt know you

We do the same with believe suppose and expect I dont expect well meetagain My parents didnt believe Id pass my exams

2 We can also use seem expect and want with the negative (+ object) +infinitive

She doesnt seem to be very happy I dont expect to get the job I dont want to go back to that restaurant He doesnt expect us to pass the exams

Rewrite the sentences using the verb in brackets in the negative

1 You havent met my wife (I think) dont think youve met my wife

2 You havent got change for a 20-pound note (I suppose)

3 This machine isnt working (This machine seems)

4 It wasnt going to rain (I thought)

5 Their daughters moving to Canada They arent happy (They want)

6 Im surprised to see you here (I expect)

7 You havent seen Robert recently (I suppose)

8 I wouldnt like snails (I think)

9 You probably dont remember me (I expect)

10 She didnt pass all her exams (I believe)

Questions ~ Grammar Reference 41 Students Book p143-144

5 Catch me if you can 1m Read the text about Frank Abagnale and write questions for the answers

Frank Abagnale was a brilliant conman for

five years Amazingly he started

at 16 Steven Spielberg made the

film Catch Me If You Can about

him starring Leonardo DiCaprio

and Tom Hanks

In 1964 Frank ran away to

New York upset because he had

quarrelled with his parents He was tall and

handsome with prematurely greying hair so he

decided to pretend he was 26 to get a job

His first con trick was to forge bank cheques

When the bank found out he had already collected

$40000 He had to change his identity so he became

Frank Williams a Pan Am Airways pilot He conned

Pan Am into giving him a pilots uniform and he

faked an ID card For two years he travelled round

the world for free with paid hotel expenses But

after he told his secret to his flight attendant

friend who called the police he had to

disappear again

Next he became a lawyer He forged a Harvard

law degree and then studied to pass the bar exam

He was also a hospital doctor (he left when he

actually had to treat someone) and a university

professor He taught Sociology and apparently

his classes were very popular Each time he had

to move on before the police caught up with him

He was eventually arrested in France in 1969

and sent to prison for five years

Since then he has worked as a financial fraud

consultant

2

How lang was Era1k A~agtt~[e a ~

Five years Qn man for

Steven Spielberg

3 to New York Sixteen

4

5

Because he had quarrelled with his parents

He was tall and handsome with greying hair

6 Forging bank cheques

7

8

$40000

Two years

9 His flight attendant friend

10 A lawyer

11

Sociology

12

13

In 1969

Five years

since then 14 Hes been working as a financial fraud consultant

26 Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth

hanks 7 Questions and prepositions 1 Complete the questions with the prepositions in

the box

I in of by with to from at about for on

What is your home town famous for

2 Who was that book written

3 Who does this dictionary belong

4 What are you looking

5 What did you spend all your money

6 What sort of books are you interested

6 Indirect questions 7 What are you talking

1 Make these questions about Frank Abagnale indirect 8 What are you so afraid --- 1 Where did he learn how to forge bank cheques 9 A Youve got a postcard

fm not sure B Oh Who is it 2 How did he have the nerve to pretend to be a pilot

10 Who are you angry James or me I dont know

3 Which countries did he visit as a pilot 2 Write a short question with a preposition in reply to

these sentences fd like to know

4 Why did his friend call the police A B

I went to the cinema last night Whowitll

rve no idea 2 A rm very cross with you 5 How did he manage to pass the bar exam B

I havent a clue 3 A Were going away for the weekend 6 Who gave him a job as a doctor B

I cant imagine 4 A rm very worried

7 Why did the police take so long to catch him B I wonder

S A rm going to Australia 8 What did he think of prison B Two weeks A month

Do you know 6 A I bought a present today

2 Write indirect questions about Frank Abagnale for these answers B 1 I wish I knew _______________ 7 A Have you heard Jane has got engaged

He told his friend because he was tired of living a lie B 2 Have you any idea _____________ 8 A Can you cut this article out for me

It took him three attempts to pass the bar exam B I havent got any scissors 3 Why do you think____________

He went there because he wanted to stop running and settle down in one place

4 Can you tell me

He spent five years in prison

S Do you know

He is truly sorry for what he did and has spent the rest of his life being a model citizen

Unit 4 bull Nothing but the truth 27

8 Negative questions ~ Grammar Reference 41

Students Book p144

Match a question in A with a line in B

A

1

2

-

Are you ready yet

Arent you ready yet

I

a

b

What have you been doing all this time

Its time to go

3

4

Dont you want me to help you

Do you want me to help you

c

d

I thought you did

Iwill if you want

S 6

Arent you amember of the tennis club

Are you amember of the tennis club

e

f

Im sure Ive seen you there

If you are we could have agame

7

8

Dont you know the answer

Do you know the answer

g

h

Yes or no

Im surprised at you

9

10

11

12

Dont you think its beautiful

Do you think its beautiful

Didnt I tell you Im going out tonight

Did I tell you Im going out tonight

i

j

k

I

Surely you agree with me

Im asking because Im not sure

Icant remember now

Ithought Ihad Sorry

9 Can you keep asecret IDJ Complete the questions in the conversation Use How come once Sometimes there is more than one answer

A I went to a birthday dinner last night

B Didyou~

A Belindas You know my friend from work

B Oh yes What (1)

A It was quite good I chatted to various people

B (2)

A Well I talked for a long time to Vicky you know from school

B Of course Brainy Vicky (3)

A Shes fine Got agood job But actually shes not very happy at the moment

B (4) ___________

A I dont know if I can tell you Look you can keep a secret (5) ____---____

B Of course I can So what (6) -------

A Shes having a terrible time with her boss Mr Parker

B U) A You remember He came to our office once B (8) ___________

A You know Quite tall Dark curly hair

B Oh yes I remember now (9) use to wear glasses

A Thats right But he doesnt any more Anyway he had been talking about promoting her and everything when suddenly he went all funny and cold towards her

8 (10)

A Well turns out that hed promoted someone else Instead

B No (11) _____1

A Youll never guess Her colleague and best friend Tessa

B Not Tessa I c