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URBAN RISK FORUM MAKATI CITY: ON FACING RISKS AND ... · PDF file URBAN RISK FORUM MAKATI CITY: FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCE ATTY. VIOLETA SOMERA SEVA Senior Advisor City

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  • URBAN RISK FORUM

    MAKATI CITY: FACING RISKS

    AND INCREASING

    RESILIENCE ATTY. VIOLETA SOMERA SEVA

    Senior Advisor

    City Government of Makati, Philippines

    16 May 2012

    Bonn, Germany

    RESILIENT CITIES 2012

    3RD GLOBAL FORUM ON URBAN RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION

  • » EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION

    ˃ Unmanaged Development

    ˃ Urban Sprawl

    ˃ Unsustainable Population Growth

    CITIES ROLE OF CITIES

    » PULL-FACTOR OF CITIES

    ˃ Employment Opportunities

    ˃ Better Services Delivery

    ˃ Fast-paced Urban Lifestyle

  • RISKS CATEGORIES OF RISKS

    • CHRONIC FISCAL IMBALANCES

    • Severe Income Disparity

    • Major Systemic Financial Failure

    • Infrastructure neglect

    ECONOMIC RISKS

    • UNSUSTAINABLE POPULATION GROWTH

    • Water Supply Crisis

    • Food Shortage Crisis

    • Unmanageable migration

    • Vulnerability to pandemics

    SOCIETAL RISKS

    • RISING GREENHOUSE GASES EMISSIONS

    • Failure of Climate Change Adaption

    • Land and waterway mismanagement

    • Geophysical destruction

    ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS

    • GLOBAL GOVERNANCE FAILURE

    • Terrorism

    • Pervasive Entrenched Corruption

    • Organised crime

    GEOPOLITICAL RISKS

    • CRITICAL SYSTEMS FAILURE

    • Cyber Attacks

    • Massive Incidence of Data Fraud

    TECHNOLOGICAL RISKS

    Source: Global Risk Report 2012

  • RISKS CENTRES OF GRAVITY

    Source: Global Risk Report 2012

  • GOVERNANCE INFLUENCING ALL OTHER RISKS

    » WEAK GOVERNANCE LEADS TO:

    ˃ Poor service delivery

    ˃ Mismanagement of land and water resources

    ˃ Food and water supply shortage

    ˃ Lack of coherence between policy and planning

    ˃ Inadequate investments

    ˃ Failure to address the effects of climate change

  • » Land Area: 27.36 sq. kms.

    » Population:

    • Night time: 510,383

    • Day time: 3.7 million

    » 2 Congressional Districts

    » 33 Barangays (Communities)

    » One out of 17 LGUs in Metro Manila

    (National Capital Region)

    MAKATI CITY THE FINANCIAL CAPITAL OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • » 40% of the Top 1,000 Highest Earning, Most Profitable & Largest Corporations

    » 60,551 Business Establishments

    » 56 Embassies

    » 34 Consulates

    MAKATI CITY THE FINANCIAL CAPITAL OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • » EARTHQUAKE PRONE

    ˃ Presence of the West Valley Fault

    » FLOOD PRONE

    ˃ Low-lying areas near the Pasig River

    » LANDSLIDE PRONE

    » LIQUEFACTION PRONE

    MAKATI CITY RISK PROFILE

    Source: MMEIRS 2004 MAKATI CITY ORTHOPHOTO

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND CAPACITY

    MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS ACROSS ALL SECTORS, INCLUDING INFRASTRUCTURAL IMPROVEMENT

    INTENSIFYING OUR SOFTSCAPE ACTIVITIES, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND BASE INFORMATION COLLECTION FOR PLANNING PURPOSES, PROMOTING A CULTURE OF SAFETY AMONG RESIDENTS

    COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IS ESSENTIAL (ULTIMATE BENEFICIARIES)

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND CAPACITY

    ˃ Special Bodies For Environment And Disaster Risk Management:

    + Makati Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council

    + Makati City Environmental Protection Council

    + Clean and Green Committee

    + Clean Cities Makati Coalition

    + Makati Solid Waste Management Board

    + Makati Health Council

    + Child Protection Council

    + Peace and Order Council

    + Makati Business Development Council

    + Makati Rescue

    + Makati Command, Control and Communication Center

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND CAPACITY

    ˃ Established the Makati DRRM Council, religiously complying with its provision on the Local DRRM Fund allocation and utilization pursuant to RA 10121.

    Particulars 2011 2012

    Local DRRM Fund (previously known as Calamity Fund)

    5% of total revenue

    • 30% Quick Response Fund • CDRI (with CCDRMMP and Barangay

    Profiling) • GFDRR • CITYNET Disaster Cluster • Disaster Risk Assessment • Early Warning • Others

    USD 2.8 M

    USD 7.1 M

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND CAPACITY

    ˃ Partnering with different local and international agencies who provide technical assistance and promote DRR-CCA advocacies through capacity-building programs and various media

    ˃ Funded by the World Bank Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, Makati engages in a City-to-City Sharing Initiative with Quito, Ecuador and Kathmandu, Nepal with the goal of exchanging sound practices on emergency management, risk-sensitive land use planning and public awareness strategies for DRR

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    ˃ Updating of the comprehensive land use plan and comprehensive development plan to include climate change and disaster-risk considerations

    ˃ Converting the City’s Environment Managemement Plan into a Climate Change Action Plan

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    ˃ Programs and Activities:

    + City-Wide tree Planting

    + Revenue-generating waste recovery initiatives under the city’s Solid Waste Management Program

    + Accounting of GHG emission with USAID

    + Dreamland Relocation Project with Gawad Kalinga

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    ˃ Programs and Activities:

    + Makati Transport Strategies

    – E-Jeepneys

    – Pedestrianization of the CBD

    – Makati Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System

    – LED Traffic Lights

    + Makati Waterways Management Plan

    – cleaning up of creeks and waterways to prevent flooding

    Elevated Walkways

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    ˃ Programs and Activities:

    + MAKATI RISK-SENSITIVE URBAN

    REDEVELOPMENT PROJECT

    – aims at transforming a highly vulnerable barangay into a

    disaster-resilient community.

    + CREATION OF THE GREEN URBAN DESIGN CENTER

    – Aims to bring the concepts of green building and sustainable urban governance at the grassroots level as it targets barangays, the smallest unit of government in the country

    Fault Zone Development

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » INTENSIFYING OUR SOFTSCAPE ACTIVITIES, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND BASE INFORMATION COLLECTION, FOR PLANNING PURPOSES

    ˃ MRSURP had enabled the City to gather basic physical risk and socio-economic vulnerability information of the pilot barangay through town- watching activities and survey administration

    ˃ Localized hazard maps at the city level using the Geographic Information System of the city.

    ˃ Developing a GIS Atlas of risks and hazards

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » INTENSIFYING OUR SOFTSCAPE ACTIVITIES, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND BASE INFORMATION COLLECTION, FOR PLANNING PURPOSES

    ˃ Assessment of the City’s resiliency on climate-induced disasters in terms of its physical, natural, economic, social and institutional capacities and capabilities, as the identified 5-dimensional framework of the Climate and Disaster Resilience Initiative.

    ˃ Conducted together with Kyoto University and Citynet

  • MAKATI CITY FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    » COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IS ESSENTIAL

    ˃ Community participation in planning and implementation of programmes and projects

    ˃ Capacity building activities at the commuinity level

    ˃ IEC on DRM and social/economic /cultural projects

  • • Sustained financial stability provided the city government to implement exemplary programs on education and employment to address the risk of income disparity

    ECONOMIC RESILIENCE

    • Social welfare programme, education programme

    • Updating of the CLUP, CDP and Zoning Ordinances

    • Makati Health Program

    • Peace and order, security

    SOCIETAL RESILIENCE

    • Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Management

    • Makati Waterways Management Plan

    • Risk

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