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    15-Passenger Van Safety15-Passenger Van Safety

    30th

    Medical Brigade

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    IntroductionIntroduction

    15-Passenger Vans & Safety Concerns

    Response to NHTSA Report

    Classroom Training

    Practical Hands On Training

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    VocabularyVocabulary

    NHTSA National HighwayTransportation Safety Administration.

    NSC National Safety CouncilCDL Commercial Drivers License

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    NHTSA ReportNHTSA Report

    15-passenger vans have a increased rolloverrisk under certain conditions

    The risk of rollover increases dramatically asthe number of occupants increases from fewerthan five occupants to over ten passengers.

    15-passenger vans (with 10 or more

    occupants) had a rollover rate in single vehiclecrashes that is nearly 3 x the rate of those thatwere lightly loaded.

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    NHTSA Report (continued)NHTSA Report (continued)

    Loading 15-passenger vans causes the centerof gravity to shift rearward and upwardincreasing the likelihood of rollover. Shift in

    the center of gravity will also increase thepotential for loss of control in panicmaneuvers.

    It is important that the van be operated by

    experienced drivers, they should understandand be familiar with the handlingcharacteristics of their vans, especially whenfully loaded.

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    NHTSA Reports (continued)NHTSA Reports (continued)

    Institutions using 15-passenger vansshould require seat belt use at all times.

    Any load placed on the roof will be abovethe center of gravity of the vehicle and willincrease the likelihood of rolling over.

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    Accident FactsAccident Facts

    25% of all driving accidents are the resultof excessive speed.

    70% of driving accidents occur within 25miles from home.

    1 out of 4 employees who drive experience

    an accident while at work.Most people know someone who has died

    in a car accident.

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    15-Passenger Van Facts15-Passenger Van FactsA speed that may be acceptable in a passenger

    car could be dangerous in a van.A 16 passenger vehicle requires a CDL

    You should fill the front seats first. Thecenter of gravity shifts to the rear and upwardincreasing the likelihood of rollover ascapacity increases.

    Soft shoulders and culverts pose a hazard inrural areas.

    The shift in the center of gravity will alsoincrease the potential for loss of control inpanic maneuvers.

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    Driving TipsDriving Tips

    For all kinds of vehicles.Defensive Driving Theories

    Dealing with aggressive drivers Backing the vehicleHighway drivingCity Driving

    Rural Driving Emergency situationsVehicle accidents

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    Driving Tips for all vehiclesDriving Tips for all vehicles

    Avoid sharp turns.Avoid excessive speed and abrupt maneuvers.

    Dont drive tired.Dont drive in bad weatherDrive conservativelyRest stops often (every 2 hrs. recommended)

    Wear seat beltsDrive during the day, if possible.Require someone to be awake in the front seat

    with the driver on long trips

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    For all vehicles (continued)For all vehicles (continued)

    Trip leader to drive lead vehicle and set

    pace. . .no other vehicle shall pass.Obey all laws, signs and speed limits.

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    Defensive Driving TheoriesDefensive Driving Theories

    Drive with courtesy

    Be calm when driving

    Concentrate when drivingDrive cautiously

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    Dealing With AggressiveDealing With Aggressive

    DriversDriversAvoid eye contact.

    Dont cut in front of other drivers.

    Allow fellow drivers to mergeDont aggravate fellow drivers with hand

    gestures.

    Dont tailgate.Use your horn sparingly.

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    Backing The VehicleBacking The Vehicle

    Use a spotter

    Back to the left (drivers side)

    Avoid backing up if you miss a ramp/exit.Use outside mirrors.

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    Highway DrivingHighway Driving

    Lane changes and signals.

    Merges

    Blind SpotsSlow moving vehicles

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    City DrivingCity Driving

    Stop signs

    Stop lights

    Yield Signs Signals

    Blind spots

    Pedestrians

    Bicyclist

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    Rural DrivingRural Driving

    Bicyclist

    Walkers

    Deer/MooseSoft shoulders

    Culverts

    Curves, hills and narrow roads

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    Emergency SituationsEmergency Situations

    Encountering emergency vehicles

    Headlights go out

    Tire blow outEngine failure

    Break Failure

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    Vehicle AccidentVehicle Accident

    RelaxNever leave the scene of an accident! You must

    stay until the local police/polizei have arrived.Also report the accident to the nearest Military

    Police immediately or as soon as possible.Never admit fault.Gather all the facts (date, time, witnesses, phone

    numbers, etc.). Contact the TMP Motor Pool. Immediately report all accidents to your Staff

    Duty NCO and your Unit Safety Officer.