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    From the Adjutant General

    Guard MEGuard MEGuard MEGuard MEGuard ME

    The Magazine ofthe Maine Army National Guard

    Winter 2001

    Public Affairs Officer

    Major Eldon Hardwick

    EditorsSFC Angela Blevins

    MSG Daniel Fortin

    StaffSSG Carl Weiss

    Technical SupportCW3 Mark Houdlette

    Guard MEis an unofficial quar-terly publication authorized un-

    der the provisions of AR 360-81and NGR 37-78 and producedby the Public Affairs Office,

    Military Bureau, HeadquartersMEARNG, Camp Keyes,

    Augusta, ME 04333-0033.Telephone (207) 626-4335.Views and opinions expressed

    are not necessarily those of theDepartment of the Army. The

    Adjutant General is MG JosephE. Tinkham, II.

    WantedPhotographs and Story Ideas

    Guard ME is currently accepting photographs and stories ideas forfuture issues. Send photographs, stories, comments and questionsto:

    To the Editor

    Guard MEPublic Affairs Office

    Maine Army National Guard Headquarters

    Camp Keyes, Augusta, ME 04333

    MG Joseph E. Tinkham, II

    All soldiers, except the green-est recruit, have had drilled into themthe requirement to use their chain of

    command to have grievances addressedor complaints heard. This is particu-larly important because a soldiers lead-ers need to know what is going onwithin their unit and the state of moraleof each individual soldier. It is also im-portant because the final resolution ofthe vast majority of these issues is ulti-mately solved in the unit chain of com-mand.

    Thus, the soldiers first step isto speak with his or her immediate su-pervisor, working up the line until theissue is resolved or it becomes clear thatno resolution is possible. But, what ifthe grievance is with the soldiers unit

    chain of command or the unit cantseem to get to a clear answer or solu-tion?

    In this case, the first consider-ation should be given to remainingwithin the chain, but requesting tospeak with someone up a link or two,say the Battalion Commander or CSM.No one can deny a soldier this right, butyou must follow the unit chain to getthere. If the issue is too personal orsensitive to discuss at the lower levelsof command, fine, dont discuss it. But,you should follow and use the chain torequest an audience above your boss,

    right up to me, if appropriate. There are circumstances, to be sure,when the chain of command must becircumvented. This is a judgement callon your part, and your judgement, mis-placed or otherwise, will not be criti-cized.

    Any soldier in the Maine ArmyNational Guard may turn to my Inspec-tor General, the IG. Our current IG isColonel Joseph Wannemacher, a JAGCorps officer, a traditional MaineGuardsman who also works for theMaine Attorney Generals office here inAugusta. Instructions for reaching

    Colonel Wannemacher should be onyour unit bulletin boards. To supple-ment this column, you can find the IGinformation displayed in this edition ofGuard ME.

    The IG works directly for me.He has the rank and status to breakdown barriers to get attention and an-swers. Issues brought to the attentionof the IG will get action. That actionmay take various forms, often rightback through the chain of command.No soldier can be punished for usingthe IG, and the IG is also sensitive toavoid putting soldiers with complaintsin awkward situations.

    In closing, if you or a soldieryou know has an issue needing resolu-tion, give the full chain of command achance to address it. If the traditionaluse of the chain of command fails you,dont quit on us, call the IG. We cantsolve every situation to everyones sat-isfaction, but if you think you are right,work the chain or call the IG.

    Using The Chain ofCommand

    Editors Note:Colonel Wannemacher canbe reached at: 626-4288. Leave yourphone number and he will return your call.

    On the Cover...

    Display of Civil War Battle Flags and apicture of Brevet General Joshua Cham-

    berlain at the Annual Meeting of the

    Maine Military Historical Society.

    (Photo by: MSG Daniel Fortin, PA)

    2 Guard ME Winter 2001

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    In This Issue

    Page 2 Comments from theAdjutant General

    Page 3 Mountain Companytrains at KatahdinScout Resevation

    Page 4 Lead Climbers'Lead the Way'

    Page 5 Boy Scouts earnbadge with helpfrom the ArmyNational Guard

    Page 6 Maine HistoricalSociety's Annual

    Meeting HonorsJoshua Chamber-lain

    Page 7 Stephen King plugsMaine Guard Benefit

    Page 8 Maine NationalGuard begins 'pow-wow' with Maine'snative Americans

    Page 9 Maine Guard His-tory: The Guard onNaval Vessels?

    Page 10 Promotions

    Page 11 Comments from theState CommandSergeant Major

    The Magazine of t he Maine Ar m y Nat ional Guard Winter 2001

    Mountain Company tests

    it's 'Vertical Limits'By: SSG Carl Weiss, PA

    Drawing upon Mother Nature toprovide the requisite winter weather andusing the hilly terrain of the Katahdin

    Scout Reservation as its backdrop, sol-diers of the 3/172nd Mountain Companyassaulted a 200 foot cliff at the normallyserene scout camp in Eddington Maine,January 6-7, 2001. Using the terrain totheir advantage, lead climbers placedfixed ropes up the cliff, to aid eachplatoons advance to their objective. Thatobjective, a rogue element of enemytroops dug in atop the cliff, was to be met,engaged and then eliminated.

    Normally a commander or pla-toon leader is looking at the most likelyavenue of approach when he plans an as-sault. Issues like type of terrain, possibletime of attack, condition of his troops and

    the mission come into play. The enemy

    looks at this as well. He will place hitroops defensively in accordance withwhat the offensive troops are liable to doWe look for the least likely avenue ofapproach, and try to incorporate this intoour plans, Captain Will L. Dionne, Com-pany Commander of the Mountain Com-pany said.

    Captain Dionne went on to saythat the enemy probably isnt going tolook down a steep cliff and think that anassault would come from that directionThis plays right into the MountainInfantry's hands. On an offensive notethe Maine soldiers are looking to sneak inthe backdoor.

    The Mountain Company is parof a battalion, with troops stationed inNew Hampshire, Vermont and Rhode Is-land. These soldiers are the Armys onlytroops whose primary mission is to train

    See 'Mountain Company' page 5

    Two soldiers of the 3/172d Mountain Company carry a 'wounded buddy' away from theobjective, after determining that he was 'injured' during the assault. (Photo by: SSG CarWeiss, PA)

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    4 Guard ME Winter 2001

    Lead Climbers show Infantry the RopesBy: SSG Carl Weiss, PA

    Most people wouldnt expect amilitary unit to assault the enemy up acliff. The terrain is easily defended, and,

    well it is a cliff, who would (could) climba cliff? Its precisely that thinking thatmembers of the 3/172nd Mountain Com-pany count upon the enemy to think. Ifthats their thought process, why bother todefend it? It makes the MountainCompanys job that much easier.

    According to lead climber SGTDon L. LaChapelle, an Alpha team leaderwith 2nd squad, 3rd platoon, Our specialskills and training make such an assaultfeasible. Simply put, We can scale acliff. We are looking to take advantage ofthe enemy. They are looking to defendthe most likely avenue of approach; con-versely, we often times are looking to at-tack at the least likely avenue of ap-proach.

    While members of the MountainCompany can and do perform a wide va-riety of special skills ranging from skiing,both downhill and cross country,snowshoeing, skijourning, surviving andthriving in extremely cold climates andclimbing mountains, it is the role of thelead climbers which helps make the latterpossible, if not easier.

    LaChapelle explains, We haveeight lead climbers in the company. Weinstall the ropes used in a climb. In otherwords we set up the ropes for the other

    members of the company to make theirclimb and carry out the mission. We alsoact as safety NCOs during climbingdrills. We insure that the harnesses andropes are in proper working order. Wework on climbing safety and ensure thatskills are up to par.

    LaChapelle stressed that leadclimbing isnt the same as free climbing,as seen in the recently released movie,Mission Impossible Two. Free climbingis climbing without any safety ropes. Asa lead climber, we are placing ropes to beused by other climbers, but we are tiedinto a safety rope ourselves. If we slip we

    might freefall 10 feet before the safety en-gages. It hurts, but it wont kill you."Generally speaking the best

    climbers in the Mountain Company arethe lead climbers. Soldiers are picked tobe lead climbers. They can volunteer forthis additional duty, but wanting to be alead climber isnt enough, youve got todemonstrate a certain level of skill. Mostlead climbers have had the additionaltraining provided by the Mountain War-fare School in Jericho, Vermont. Many ofus also climb on our own time, using civil-ian equipment.

    In addition to basic training and

    called upon to perform its mission in a realworld situation, the lead climbers rolewould take on a slightly different twist.

    We would still set up ropes for the restof the company said LaChapelle, butwed be doing it at night, hopefully out ofsight of the enemy. Wed still be lookingfor the best place to attack, but wed bedoing it from a helicopter, or pouring overmaps, as opposed to actually being onsite.

    I think that the Mountain Com-pany is an extremely challenging unit. Ilike the way that we train. Ive been toGermany and there are a slew of schoolsfor us to attend to improve our skills asmilitary mountaineers. We have slots forRanger school, air assault, as well as

    my cardio vascular endurance. I play a loof basketball and run. I also do a fairamount of studying my manuals on knot

    tying, various hauling systems, how toget a casaulty off a mountain or rescuing astranded climber.

    LaChapelle has been a memberof the Mountain Company for eight yearsPreviously he served a year with the 316th in Dexter as an infantryman with theArmy Reserve. He works at the GoodWill Hinckley home school for boys andgirls as a life skills worker, helping at riskkids. He lives in Norridgewock with hiwife and son.

    SGT Don LaChapelle, uses a fixed rope to navigate a cliff at Katahdin Boy Scout Reservationin Eddington, Maine. (Photo by: SSG Carl Weiss, PA)

    infantry school, most members of theMountain Company attend two two weekschools at Jericho, Vermont to learn the

    summer and winter phases of mountainwarfare school. For those selected to belead climbers, there are two additional twoweek schools to attend and learn the spe-cial nuances of lead climbing.

    In the event the company is ever

    mountain warfare training. I think its thebest unit in the National Guard. Being inthe Mountain Company isnt a two day a

    month part time job. I think you have tobe in a little better shape than most folksIn addition to our normal training, wehave a 12 mile road march coming up. We just had a six and a nine miler. I stay inshape by lifting weights and working on

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    Winter 2001 Guard ME 5

    Members of the Augusta BoyScouts Troop #603 met with Chief War-rant Officer Three (CWO3) MarkHoudlette, the Maine Army NationalGuards Visual Information specialist fora class on cinematography. ChiefHoudlette instructed a hands on courseto an enthusiastic group of 12 year olds.

    As part of the Maine Army Na-tional Guards commitment to Commu-nity Service, Chief Houdlette teaches sev-eral cinematology classes a year to differ-ent scout groups.

    A fellow guard member, awareof Chief Houdlettes previous involvment

    with the scouts, approached him andasked for his assistance, in helping theboys earn this cinematography badge.

    Their day began by watchingparts of various movies and learning thevarious types of camera shots.

    They also learned to identify thata good movie includes a good story andimages. Awesome, I love movies, saidScout Andy Rand. Following the moviesthey walked to the chow hall to have awholesome lunch provided by the Na-tional Guard.

    After lunch they continued bylearning how to write an effective storyline for producing a video. The scouts

    broke into two groups, wrote a story, thenput together a storyboard. They learnedhow to set up the camera, placements oflights, microphone and the actors. Ittakes time to set up, if you want a goodvideo, Chief Houdlette told the kids.

    Each group enthusiastically prac-ticed and presented the developed scenes.Their end test was producing a 30-secondcommercial, promoting the Boy Scouts.

    The 10 scouts that participated inthis class earned the cinematographybadge. This was just one badge amongtheir patches, last summer they undertooka 205-mile bicycle ride and also hikedMount Katahdin. This was a great opportunity for the boys to get hands ontraining in cinematography", said KeithHart, Assistant Scout Master.

    Boy Scout badge becomes reality withGuard's helpBy: SFC Angela Blevins, PA

    'Mountain Company'Continued from page 3

    on climbing mountains and conduct coldweather training. We are here to workon our two staples, climbing and coldweather training., said 1SG JoeBenedetto. Our primary mission isnt asstandard infantrymen. Forty percent ofthe earths surface is mountainous. As aservice, we just dont train for it As acompany and battalion, we do. Take alook at the situation in Kosovo. As a

    very mountainous area of the world, theopportunity for a small unit, roadblocktype mission or assaulting a mountainpass is feasible. We havent been calledto do this, but that is the type of missionwe would take on. Weve been concen-trating on this type of cliff assault trainingfor the past three years. I think that weregetting rather good at it.

    Benedetto continued, Each ofour three platoons has 2 hours to conductthe cliff assault, do a leaders recon andthen attack the objective." Benedetto wenton to say that the scenario called for aplatoon of around 30 soldiers to attack 8

    to 10 soldiers in an unorganized defense,who had taken over a radio tower, andthus the communications in the region. Inaddition to the cliff assault, they had beenpracticing skiing, snowshoeing, winterbivouac skills, raids, night ambushes.

    In addition to the above training,the snipers worked on their stalking skills.The mortar section was tasked with play-ing the role of the OPFOR, opposingforces.

    As soon as the first members ofthe assault force crested the top of the

    cliff they immediately dove into securitypositions to provide coverage for the re-maining members of their platoon to gainthe summit. Quickly the platoon as-sembled, and as the leaders went out fortheir recon, the remaining platoon ele-ment formed a 360 degree secure perim-eter. Upon returning from the leaders re-con, the platoon formed up and went intothe search mode, seeking the enemy.

    Once spotted, shots erupted fromboth sides. A brief, but vicious firefightensued, with elements of the attackingforce sweeping through their objective,mission complete. The squad leaders

    then took casualty reports, rounded uptheir squads and formed up with the resof the platoon and moved out, off to an-other training task. The 'dead andwounded defenders of the tower, thencame "alive", repositioned themselves andprepared for another assault from the nexplatoon.

    Captain Dionne continuedThrough this training we are gainingconfidence in our mountain gear andequipment, improving our synchronization of attack and improving our route re

    con skills, as well as our security. T h i sweekends training is a precursor toFebruarys drill which will see the infan-try troops trade in their climbing gear forskis, boots and poles as they hit the slopesat Hermon Mountain.

    With the advent of the neweseducation benefits offered to members ofthe Maine Army National Guard, the sol-diers arent the only ones profiting.

    The Mountain Company is reaping rewards here as well. The Companyhas received 15 new faces who were nonprior service and gained 10 soldiers whowere prior service.

    CW3 Mark Houdlette (left) instructs boy scout Ryan Henry on the intricacies in the use of thevideo camera. (Photo by: SFC Angela Blevins, PA)

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    6 Guard ME Winter 2001

    Many a small childs dreamshave been filled with stories of victoriousbattles fought and valiant heroes conquer-ing their enemies. Thats exactly whathappened to a Lewiston, Maine boyschildhood. I grew up in Maine and de-veloped an interest in General JoshuaChamberlain and the Civil War, said Dr.Thomas A. Desjardin, author of,Stand Firm Ye Boys FromMaine. When I was ten yearsold we went to Gettysburg andthat is when I first heard of theTwentieth Maine and Chamber-lain. When I grew older, that in-terest prompted me to write my

    book.Dr. Desjardin was the

    guest speaker at The Maine Mili-tary Historical Societys AnnualMeeting, which was held at theSenator Inn, in Augusta, on No-vember 11, 2000.

    The theme of this yearsmeeting was, The Maine MilitaryHistorical Society Honors JoshuaChamberlain. John P. Pullen,noted historian and author, wasalso honored during the meetingas a special guest.

    General Chamberlain and

    his regiment turned the tide of theCivil War in the Battle for LittleRound Top at Gettysburg on July2, 1863 and this decisive encoun-ter with Confederate forces is per-haps the most studied small unitmilitary action in American his-tory.

    When asked why there isso much interest in Joshua Cham-berlain today, Dr. Desjardin of-fered this opinion. I believewhen the movie Gettysburgcame out a few years ago, it cre-ated a renewed interest in the

    Civil War and in particular JoshuaChamberlain. He was probably as ill-pre-pared as anyone could have been to be asoldier at the time. However, he went onto do many extraordinary things. I believethe reason why General Chamberlain hasso much appeal today is because he was just a regular Joe who went on to greatsuccess.

    The Historical Societys purposeis to preserve the history and the memoryof the sacrifices made by all of Mainesveterans past and present through its mu-seum and through the endeavors of itsvolunteers.

    Retired Brigadier General Rich-ard Tuttle, USAF, president of the Soci-ety, said that events such as the annualmeeting were important. We have ap-proximately 150 people here tonight.Among them are many retired Guardmembers, their families and civilian at-tendees. I personally believe if we dontcherish, appreciate and teach our youthwhat freedom really means and the sacri-

    fices that our forefathers made to keep theUnion alive, then I think patriotism couldslowly die in this country. I dont wantthat to happen.

    The Maine National Guard hasan important part, both past and present toMaines Civil War history. Many of thesoldiers in the Civil War were volunteerswho made up the Volunteer Regimentssuch as the Twentieth Maine, statedTuttle.

    The Guard is made up of volun-teers just like our Civil War counterparts.In fact, the Twentieth Maine has direct

    Historical Society Honors Civil War HeroThe Maine Military Historical Society Honors Joshua Chamberlain

    By: MSG Daniel Fortin, PA historical lineage to todays 133rd Engineer Battalion of the Maine Army National Guard.

    The National Guard, through theauthority of its Adjutant General, is re-sponsible for the Society and its museumThe museum, which is located at CampKeyes, in Augusta, Maine, plays a vitarole in the education of the public.

    Retired Chief Warrant OfficerRonald Rousell, curator for themuseum, says the museums pur-pose is two fold. First, our goais to promote, encourage and fosterresearch and education into thehistory and traditions of the mili-tary in Maine. Second, is to acquire and hold by gift, trade or be-

    quest, purchase or otherwiseMaine military objects and artifacts.

    Rousell went on to say that manyof the artifacts come from donations or on loan from families andveteran groups. Many of the artifacts are donated from the VFWthe DAV, other veterans groupsand from family members. Thereis a story behind every piece. History is not a dead thing, its alive.One interesting artifact that was ondisplay during the annual meetingwas the actual pistol used by Gen-

    eral Chamberlain.The museum is open the firsweekend of each month between10:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. and forspecial groups by appointment. I like to get youngsters in the museum. It is really important toteach them about our heritage,stated Rousell.

    To add interest and authenticityto the event, Civil War re-enac-tors, in period clothing and uni-forms were present. They mannedthe displays of Civil War artifactsand answered questions about the

    displays and about their uniforms.On several occasions during themeeting, the re-enactors played drumand-fife musical pieces.

    Pictured Above: David Brandt (right)dressed as a Civil War reenactor, playsthe fife during the Maine HistoricaSociety's Annual Meeting. Brandt is aLieutenant Colonel in the Maine ArmyNational Guard and currently serves asan Enviornmental Engineer with theDirectorate of Engineering at Camp Keyesin Augusta, Maine. (Photo by: MSG DanieFortin, PA)

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    Winter 2001 Guard ME 7

    Maine author Stephen Kings re-quest to check out a four-wheel drivemilitary vehicle while writing a newnovel and movie resulted in a remarkablepromotional plug this year for the MaineNational Guards new college tuition as-sistance program.

    It also helped the Maine ArmyGuard surpass its recruiting goal for 2000,officials said.

    You know, one of the fewthings scarier than my books and moviesis trying to pay for college, said the in-ternationally acclaimedhorror writer in a 30-

    second public serviceannouncement carriedby Maine television sta-tions from July throughOctober.

    That helpedspread the word aboutthe Maine Guards newcollege assistance planthat guaranteed people100 percent tuition forattending any of Mainespublic colleges if they joined or re-enlisted inthe Maine National

    Guard. The Maine Leg-islature funded the tu-ition program with$300,000 on a one-yeartrial basis. By Thanks-giving, nearly $500,000in state and federalfunds had been given toMaine Guard troops pur-suing undergraduate andgraduate degrees, ex-plained Army GuardMSG. Robert Haley, thePine Tree States educa-

    tion services specialist."The money went so fast," saidLTC David Duehring, "that the King an-nouncement had to be pulled on Oct. 31."The television stations will be asked to airit again if the legislature funds the tuitionprogram in 2001, added the Maine ArmyGuards recruiting and retention manager.

    Maine is hardly the first state tobenefit from a National Guard tuition as-sistance program. In fact, it was one of just eight states that did not offer collegemoney to its Guard members before get-ting the funds, explained Army Guard re-cruiting SGM Kerry Birmingham.

    But having a celebrity such asStephen King promote the program doesnot happen everywhere.

    King agreed to record the spotlast June in exchange for examining aMaine Army Guard wide-bodied Humvee,Duehring explained, to support his newstory line in which the Army seals off asection of northern Maine where an alienship has crashed.

    The 53-year-old King remem-bers the lean years of working his waythrough the University of Maine in Oronobefore graduating in 1970 and beforeachieving literary stardom and financialsecurity when Doubleday & Co. published

    time to his alma mater and to Maine peoplein general. Those who know him were nosurprised that he helped the Maine Guardpromote its new tuition incentive program

    In addition to the GI Bill, signingbonuses and paid skill training, the MaineGuard will pay 100 percent of your tuitionat any public college in Maine, Kingstated. Its a great way to serve yourcommunity and reduce the cost of collegeat the same time. So dont be scared. Callthe Maine National Guard recruiter today.

    People have clearly gotten themessage.

    "Fifty-five have enlisted in theArmy Guard and 20 have joined the Air

    Guard thanks to the program," said Haley"New recruits have signed up for one yearlonger than the amount of time the tuitionassistance is enabling them to go to college," he added.

    We might not have achievedour required strength without it, ob-served Birmingham. We had to have a to-tal of 2,228 people in the Army Guard bySept. 30. We finished with 2,254.

    his novel Carrie in 1973.He was the poorest college kid I

    ever knew, recalled wife Tabitha Kingduring a recent A&E Biography programabout the author.

    King opposed the Vietnam Waras unconstitutional when he was in col-lege, according to his Internet biography,and he was declared 4-F and ineligible toserve in uniform after he graduated be-cause he had high blood pressure, limitedvision, flat feet and punctured ear drums.

    But King has gained a reputationfor being generous with his money and

    Maine Author Plugs Guard BenefitStephen King promotes the Maine Guard's new Tuition Incentive Program

    By MSG Robert Haskell

    National Guard Bureau

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    8 Guard ME Winter 2001

    Over the past six years, througha series of memorandums and ExecutiveOrders, former President Clinton directedthat all Federal Agencies be required toconsult with and undertake Government-to-Government relations with all Feder-ally recognized Native American tribes.Three such orders, the National HistoricPreservation Act (NHPA), Army Regula-tion 200-4, and the National Environmen-tal Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) all requirethe evaluation, identification and nomina-tion of historic places by these FederalAgencies.

    Just why these new policieswould effect the National Guard in Maine

    is very interesting, said LTC DavidBrandt, an Environmental Engineer withthe Directorate of Facilities Engineering,Maine Army National Guard.

    The National Guard in the statesand territories has two missions. The firstis the Federal mission, while the second isa State mission. The Federal mission re-quires that the National Guard equip, trainand maintain its force structure in supportof a Federal mobilization to augment theactive Army components and their mis-sions. A good example of a recent mobili-zation is the peace keeping operations inKosovo. Brandt went on to say that be-

    cause of this Federal mission, the NationalGuard falls under the requirements of de-veloping relations with the Federally rec-ognized tribes in Maine, as a Federal DODagency.

    Maine has four Federally recog-nized tribes. These tribes are theAroostock band of MicMac Indians in thePresque Isle area, the Houlton band ofMaliseet Indians, the Passamaquoddy inIndian Township and Pleasant Point, andthe Penobscots of Indian Island in OldTown.

    LTC Brandt has been tasked withthe initiation and implementation of a

    policy, on behalf of the Maine Army Na-tional Guard, to interact with Maines Na-tive American tribes. This isnt the firsttime Indian tribes in the United Stateshave interacted with the Army.

    Over the first 200 years of ournations development, the U.S. Congressratified treaties, enacted statutes and de-

    veloped various Indian policies. Theimplementation of these fell to the U.SWar Department, or more specifically, theU.S. Army.

    During the last 170 years, sol-diers who had the responsibility of man-aging the frontiers were constantly put inharms way because of the white-manscontinual encroachment of tribal lands.Because of this ever-deepening problem,

    the U.S. Army found it impossible to dealwith it in a peaceable manner. Theyfound themselves disciplining the Indiansfor acts of violence against the white tres-passers. Federal policy eventuallychanged from one of removal in 1836 tothe Indian Wars from 1860 through the1890s. These Indian Wars involved theArmy.

    It is ironic that after so muchbloodshed between the various tribes andthe U.S. Army, that we find ourselvestalking to one another, Brandt said. Infact, there is a considerable amount of re-

    spect between the two of us. NativeAmericans have a tremendous amount ofdedication to duty and country as exhib-ited by their participation in this country'sconflicts.

    More than 12,000 Native Ameri-cans served in World War I distinguishingthemselves in combat with several earn-ing the Croix de Guerre, the Church WarCross for gallantry and the CongressionalMedal of Honor. In the 1940s, ninety-nine percent of American Indians and Na-tive Alaskans registered for the draft be-fore the outbreak of World War II.

    By the end of the war, more than

    44,500 Native Americans had served inuniform, more than 10% of the entire Na-tive American population. These NativeAmericans won over 200 medals for gallantry, five of them being the Congressional Medal of Honor.

    Because the National Guard is afederally funded agency, NEPA requires

    them to identify and evaluate potentiahistoric properties and determine if theproposed undertaking or action will havean impact on the resource. If a projecwill affect historic properties that have anarcheological value, the ArcheologicaResources Protection Act (ARPA) mayrequire the agency to identify archeologi-cal sites; prohibit unauthorized excavationon Federal and Indian lands; establishstandards for permissible excavation; andprescribe appropriate civil and criminapenalties.

    According to LTC Brandt, themeans to establish the criteria for thisevaluation process involves a dialog between the Maine tribes and the Guard.

    There are three steps that theNational Guard needs to take before wecan begin to address these properties,said Brandt. The first step is to introduce ourselves to all the tribal leadersThis is no different than if I were to meethe president of another foreign country.

    Brandt went on to give an ac-count of an incident that demonstratedthis fact. I attended a conference aCamp Beaurigard, Louisiana. At the conference, I met three Indian representativesfrom Maine. There were one Maliseeand two Passamaquoddys. I got to know

    the two Passamaquoddys pretty wellThrough their acquaintance, I was able toset up a meeting with the tribal leader ofthe Passamaquoddys as a representativeof the Maine National Guard. When I goto the meeting, to my surprise, the tribachief was one of the gentlemen I had metin Louisiana. Even though I had previously met and spoken to him, I still had tobe formally introduced to him, by afriend, as if we had never met.

    The next step is to formally con-tact the tribal leaders with a letter from theAdjutant General expressing the interesof the MEARNG to conduct Government-

    to-Government consultations and ask fortheir support. The third step would require the MEARNG and tribal representatives to develop common areas of interesand define any issues or concerns such astraditional uses or sacred sites.

    Once defined, Standard Operat-ing Procedures can be developed to estab-lish guidelines and procedures to assisthe MEARNG in addressing these con-cerns. Finally, these procedures may beformalized with a Memorandum of Un-derstanding, which would be a bindingagreement between the MEARNG and thesignatory tribes.

    Maine'sNativeAmericansbegin 'pow-wow' withNationalGuardBy: MSG Daniel Fortin, PA

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    Winter 2001 Guard ME 9

    It never happened....youd prob-ably say. Well it did! From 1899 to 1917there was a branch of the National Guard,authorized and paid for by Congress andthe State Legislature, called the Naval Re-serve, National Guard State of Maine(NGSM). The National Guard's Naval Re-serve roots have been traced back to theNaval Militia.

    Although established in the early1890s, Maine didnt get on board withthe idea until 1899. It was never a big partof the total force in Maine. Starting with45 soldiers, the number grew to just under200 just before World War I.

    Can you visualize Guardsmen innaval uniforms and holding Navy ratings?Or, instead of Guardsmen going to Fort

    Drum or Canadian Forces Bases, theywould perform their Annual Training onU. S. Navy vessels.

    Instead of working the typicalNational Guard jobs we hold today, theyperformed jobs like shoveling coal, prac-ticing naval gunnery and learning the lat-est developments such as the Hollis Tube(torpedoes to us modern land lubbers).

    Pictured below is the cruiser Co-

    National Guard on Naval Vessels?By: CWO5 Ronald Roussel, (Ret)

    lumbia. Congress had authorized theNavy to set aside older vessels for train-ing by the Reserve Fleet. Many of thevessels, on which Maine Guardsmenserved, were former ships of TeddyRoosevelts Great White Fleet. Theyshipped out on auxiliary cruisers, lightcruisers, battleships, tugboats, or what-ever was available. Maine citizens, whowere also trained sailors, entered WorldWar I via the Naval Reserve, NGSM.

    The Maine Military Historical So-ciety is preparing a revision of the MaineArmy National Guards History for the Di-rectorate of Facilities Engineering, MaineArmy National Guard. The revision willinclude more details about the history ofthe Naval Militia in Maine. It should be

    completed within two years.

    Look for more articles about our Guard History in future issues of the GUARDME. This article was contributed by CW5 Ron Roussel (Ret.), a 38-year member ofthe Maine Guard and Curator of the Mu-seum at Camp Keyes, Augusta, Maine. Tovisit the museum, call 622-7420.

    The cruiser Columbia saluting, August, 1898. ( Photo courtesy of the U. S. Naval Museum in Wash. D.C.)

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    10 Guard ME Winter 2001

    PromotionsFrom October 27, - January 25, 2001, the following individuals were promoted to the rank indicated.

    LTC David M. Duehring HHD STARCLTC Clifford M. Loverme HHD STARCMAJ Fred M. Chesbro HHD STARCMAJ John P. Cyrus HHC 240th ENMAJ Diane L. Grell-Demers Det. 3, HQ STARCMAJ Rosemary Kaszubowski HHD STARCMAJ Renn D. Nichols Det. 3, HQ STARCMAJ William Pelletier HHD STARCMAJ Dale E. York HHD STARCCPT William H. Penrod Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENCPT David A. Richmond Det. 1, HSC, 133d EN1LT Robert E. Johnson HHS Btry. (Det. 1), 1/152d FACW5 Larry A. Gauthier HHD STARCCW5 Robert K. Welton HHD STARCCW5 John R. Whalen HHD STARC

    CW3 Bruce K. Ireland 112th Med. Co.CW2 Clair T. Fraser, II 112th Med. Co.1SG Thomas J. Conroy HSC, 133d ENMSG David C. Harris, Jr. HHD STARCSFC Thomas A. Clifford Det. 3, HQ STARCSFC Michael L. Hafford Btry. C., 1/152d FASFC Alan R. Hawes Det 1, 152d Maint. Co.SFC Mary S. OMara HHD STARCSFC Carl G. Smith 152d Maint. Co.SFC Mark A. Smith Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENSFC Richard L. Thibodeau 52d Troop CommandSFC Herbert W. Wiley Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENSFC Alicia M. Wilkinson HSC, 133d ENSSG Kevin M.Dagnese 195th Army Band

    SSG Warren J.Hutchinson Det. 1 Co. C., 133d ENSSG Michael P. Mowry Co. C., (Det .1), 133d ENSSG Mark A. Rediker Btry. A., 1/152d FASSG Kenneth A. Solorzano 11th WMDSGT Kingsley Adams 11th WMDSGT Matthew D. Aspelund 11th WMDSGT Nathan D. Beaver HHS Btry. (Det. 1), 1/152d FASGT Stephanie A. Butler 1136th Trans. Co.SGT Jeffrey C. Cayer Det. 1, Co. C., 133d ENSGT Matthew L. Dow Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENSGT Todd R. Glover Det. 1, Co. B., 133d ENSGT Larry J. Jandreau Btry. C., 1/152d FASGT Dale J. Kelly, Jr. Co. B., 3/172d INSGT Todd R. Lidback 112th Med. Co.SGT Anthony D. Mangin Det. 1, 1136th Trans. Co.

    SGT Alan D. Pinkham Det. 1, 1136th Trans. Co.SGT Michael D. Stewart Co. E, 120th AVNSGT Timothy H. Tabbutt Det. 1, 1136th Trans. Co.SGT Lee R. Vanadestine Btry. A., 1/152d FACPL Matthew Wardwell Co B., 3/172d INCPL William J. Ranta Det. 1, HHC, 3/172d INSPC Angela M. Damon Det. 1, Co. C., 133d ENSPC Miles R. Williams HHS Btry. (Det. 1), 1/152d FASPC Travis S. Hill Det. 1, Co. A, 133d ENSPC Daniel G. Lackie, Jr. Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENSPC Samuel J. Dicentes Btry. B., 1/152d FASPC Benjamin P. Fournier Btry. C., 1/152d FA

    SPC Thomas E. Gordon 152d Maint. Co.SPC Jessica M. Henry Det. 1, Co. C., 133d ENSPC Roy T. Jones HHC, 240th ENSPC Dale K. Jordan 1136th Trans. Co.SPC Michael M. Labonte Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENSPC Brian L. Little Btry. B., 1/152d FASPC Christopher McLaughlin Det. 1, 152d Maint. Co.SPC Alexander Ojeda HSC, 133d ENSPC Jodi P. Pelletier 112th Med. Co.SPC Melissa M. Raymond Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENSPC Richard Henry Schmidt Btry. B., 1/152d FASPC Henry D. Wade 1136th Trans Co.SPC Charlie C. Warren, II Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENPFC Steven J. Beaulieu Btry. B., 1/152d FAPFC Gary K. Briggs Co. B., 3/172d IN

    PFC Jasmine A. Bowles Chase Det. 1, HSC, 133d ENPFC Michael A. Chavaree, Jr. 1136th Trans. Co.PFC Stanley J. Dumont HHC, 240th ENPFC Tara K. Haley Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENPFC Arthur A. Kimball HSC, 133d ENPFC Matthew A. Peaslee Det. 1, Co. A, 133d ENPFC Corey G. Thibodeau HHS Btry., (Det. 1), 1/152d FAPFC John Hugh G.Wallace Jr 1136th Trans. Co.PFC Brent G. Witherell HHC, 240th ENPV2 Jamie A. Alley Det. 1, Btry. B., 1/152d FAPV2 Alisia M. Barber 1136th Trans. Co.PV2 Howard L. Bennett 286th PetroleumPV2 Clarence M. Crews, II Co. B., 3/172d INPV2 Timothy G. Daley Jr Co. B., 3/172 IN

    PV2 Brian A. Dickerson Det. 1, 1136th

    Trans. Co.PV2 Joseph P. Fecteau 152d Maint. Co.PV2 Aaron M. Flagg Co. B., 3/172d INPV2 Eric M. Forrest HSC, 133d ENPV2 Daniel C. Foss 152d Maint. Co.PV2 Michael A. Hussey Det. 1, Co. B., 133d ENPV2 James G. Jandreau Btry. C., 1/152d FAPV2 Doroen Kamakananagan 286th PetroleumPV2 Christian B. King Det. 1, Btry. B., 1/152d FAPV2 Timothy F. Labrie Det. 1, Co. B., 133d ENPV2 Kenneth A. Lackie Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENPV2 Matthew R. Lane II Det. 1, 152d Maint. Co.PV2 William H. McCall Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENPV2 Dwight E. Nickles Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENPV2 Richard K. Parker Btry. A., 1/152d FA

    PV2 Matthew C. Perkins Det. 1, HSC 133d ENPV2 Christopher D. Petit Co. C., 1/137th Av.PV2 Travis M. Pond 1136th Trans. Co.PV2 Matthew W. Riendeau Co. B., 3/172d INPV2 Jonathan D. St. Louis Det. 1, Co. A., 133d ENPV2 Shane A. Tatro 152d Maint. Co.PV2 Tyson M. Trepanier 152d Maint. Co.PV2 Dana J. Sanford Btry. B., 1/152d FAPV2 Julio G. Santana Btry. A., 1/152d FAPV2 Matthew P. Valade Co. B., (Det. 1), 133d ENPV2 Allen M. Vose, III Det. 1, HSC, 133d EN

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    From the State Command Sergeant Major

    CSM Milton Gerard

    Looking to the Maine Army National Guard Soldier

    How has the Maine Army National Guard

    helped you educationally?

    SSG Matthew WalkerHHD STARC

    SGT Robert PearceHHD STARC

    MAJ Richard PageSelective Service

    "I feel that the opportunities

    offered by the Guard is fantas-

    tic and is really helping me

    plan better for college. I want

    to study computer program-

    ming in college, possibly at

    the University of Maine at

    Farmington."

    Leading, Training and Caring for Soldiers

    It is helping me to obtain my

    law degree. If I didnt receive

    this assistance, Id have to

    work a lot of extra jobs and

    hours that would take me

    away from studying.

    By previously only taking

    one class, the college con-

    verted my military education

    into 51 credits. Although these

    credits cant be transferred di-

    rectly into a degree, they are

    exchangeable for elective

    courses, in any degree.

    PVT Clarence CrewsCo. B., 1/172d Mtn. IN

    The National Guard Educa

    tional Assistance Offic

    helped me to select and enrol

    in a Master in Business Ad

    ministration course.

    1Winter 2001 Guard ME

    I am pleased to an-

    nounce the winner of the

    Maine Army National

    Guard Soldier and NCO of

    the Year competition for

    2001. The winners, SPC Jes-

    sica H. Hendrick and SSG

    Richard E. Ray will repre-

    sent the State of Maine in

    their respective categories at

    the First Army Competition.

    The First Army Competition

    will be held in Atlanta GA

    from 27 to 29 April 2001.

    Prior to competing

    at the State level, both sol-

    diers had to compete at unit,battalion and major subordi-

    nate command levels. At

    each level soldiers are

    judged on personal appear-

    ance, military bearing, self-

    confidence, and wear of the

    Class A Uniform.

    In addition each sol-

    dier is evaluated on their

    knowledge of military sub-

    jects: first aid, weapons, drill

    and ceremony, land naviga-

    tion, nuclear biological and

    chemical (NBC), military cus-

    toms and courtesies, training

    and physical fitness.

    The Soldier of the

    Year SPC Jessica H. Hendrick,

    of Cornish is an interior elec-

    trician assigned to Detachment

    1, Company B, 133d Engineer

    Battalion.The NCO of the Year

    SSG Richard E. Ray, of

    Standish, is a construction

    equipment supervisor assigned

    to Company B, 133d Engineer

    Battalion.

    In recogni-

    tion of their

    achievement, SPC

    Hendrick and SSG

    Ray have been

    awarded the Maine

    Army National

    Guard Sergeants

    Major Soldier of the

    Year ribbon with

    numeral four. Both

    soldiers will also be

    presented the Maine

    Army National

    Guard, Command

    Group, Coin of Ex-cellence.

    Please join

    me in congratulating these two

    very outstanding soldiers. I

    am confident that they will

    represent the State of Maine

    well at the First Army Competi

    tion.

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    State HeadquartersMaine Army National GuardCamp KeyesAugusta, ME 04333-0033

    PRST. STD

    US PostagePaid

    Augusta, MEPermit #114

    ARE YOU LOOKING THROUGH ROSE COLORED GLASSES?

    WE'RE NOT!

    a

    a

    When it comes time to pay the bills, we're looking rosey. As a member of the Maine Army National

    Guard, YOU CAN get 100% Tuition at any State of Maine University System, The Maine Maritime

    Academy and State of Maine Technical Colleges. Also, YOU CAN benefit with other Educational Pro-

    grams such as the Montgomery GI Bill, GI Bill Kicker, Federal Tuition Assistance, and the Student Loan

    Repayment Program. Find out more about our educational programs and other benefits.

    Call 1-800-GO-GUARD today.