U.S. Constitution PREAMBLE Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Article 4 Article 5Article 6 Article 7 Bill of Rights Amendments 11-27

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  • U.S. ConstitutionPREAMBLEArticle 1Article 2Article 3Article 4Article 5Article 6Article 7Bill of RightsAmendments 11-27

  • PREAMBLEFORM A MORE PERFECT UNIONESTABLISH JUSTICEINSURE DOMESTIC TRANQUILITYPROVIDE FOR THE COMMON DEFENSEPROMOTE THE GENERAL WELFAREHAVE LIBERTY FOR OUSELVES AND DESCENDANTS

  • A More Perfect UnionU.S. was operating under Articles of Confederation (a type of Constitution)Was a limited form of govt.COULD NOTCOLLECT TAXESREGULATE TRADEHad to ask states for money

  • A More Perfect UnionCOULDDeal with foreign countriesBorrow moneyDeclare warRun a post officeCOULD NOTEnforce laws

  • Establish JusticeUnder Articles of confederation, there were no national courtsHad to depend on state courts for justice

  • Domestic TranquilityMake sure the country was peaceful

  • Common DefenseSince the country could not tax but had to ask states for money, hard to have an army and navy

  • Promote the General WelfareTake care of the citizensBut, without money, hard to do

  • LibertyFreedom for all and our posterity (children)

  • 3 Branches of Govt.JUDICIARYLEGISLATIVEEXECUTIVE

  • Legislative BranchSenate and House of RepresentativesMake our lawsAppropriate MoneyRegulate ImmigrationEstablish Post Offices and RoadsRegulate Interstate Commerce and TransportationDeclare WarImpeach and trial

  • Legislative BranchHOUSE OFREPRESENTATIVESEach state gets representatives according to populationIllinois has 19 Representatives

    SENATEEach state gets two Senators

  • Richard DurbinMark KirkAaron Schock

  • House of RepresentativesQualifications25 years oldLive in district7 years a U.S. citizen

  • Duties of HouseAll money bills start in HouseImpeach members of Executive and JudiciarySeat or not seat membersMake rules for chamberKeep a record

  • Senate6 year termU.S. citizen for 9 yearsLive in stateV.P. is President of Senate When gone, elects its own President. (Shared powers)Judges impeachments

  • Law Making ProcessBills passed by one house go to the otherIf approved go to President for approvalIf approved, become lawIf not, sent back to CongressCan over ride with 2/3 vote of each house

  • Powers of CongressGo to page 232 of Text.

  • Powers Denied to CongressCant stop slave trade until 1808Cant suspend Habeas Corpus unless emergencyNo Bills of Attainder or Ex-Post Facto LawsNo direct taxes (amended)Cant tax exports between states

  • Powers Denied to CongressNo preference in tradeMoney spent - Must pass a bill and publish money spentNo titles of nobility

  • Powers Denied to StatesTreaties with other countriesDeclare war or engage in warCoin moneyBills of attainder or ex-post facto lawsTitles of nobilityNo import export lawsNo armed forces except militia

  • Compare - ContrastHouse of RepresentativesElected by the people

    2 year termAge 25U.S. Citizen 7 yearsLive in districtSenateChosen by State Legislatures Changed by amendment to election by people6 year termAge 30U.S. citizen 9 yearsLive in state

  • Powers of SenateChose President Pro TemVote on bills sent by House of Rep.Judge impeachment trialsApprove1. Presidential appointments2. Treaties

  • Executive BranchPresident and Vice President

    QualificationsNatural born citizen35 years oldResident of U.S. for 14 years

  • EXECUTIVE BRANCHPresident and Vice PresidentAppoint (with approval of Senate) persons to be in charge of parts of Government, Ambassadors, and JudgesCommander-in-chief of Armed forcesGrant reprieves and pardonsState of the Union info to Congress

  • Executive BranchConvene one or both HousesAdjourn both houses if they cant agreeReceive ambassadorsExecute the laws

  • Can one person do all this?NO!!Who helps the President?The CabinetWhat is the Cabinet?

  • The CabinetIn Washingtons day it wasSecretary of the TreasurySecretary of StateSecretary of WarAttorney General

  • The CabinetUnder LincolnSecretary of State Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of War Attorney General Postmaster GeneralSecretary of the NavySecretary of the Interior

  • Obamas CabinetTreasuryStateDefense Attorney GeneralAgriculture Commerce Education

  • EnergyHealth and Human Services Homeland SecurityHousing and Urban Development Interior LaborTransportation Veterans Affairs

  • Electing a PresidentWhen you vote, do ACTUALLY elect a President?NO!!The Electoral College elects the President

  • How it worksWhen you vote, you are actually electing ELECTORSIf more Republican votes are in a state, there are Republican electorsIf more Democratic votes are in a state, there are Democratic electors

  • How it worksExampleIllinois had 21 electoral votes 19 Representatives+ 2 Senators= 21 Electoral votes

  • 538 electors

  • Article 3The Judicial Branch1 Supreme CourtAs many lesser (inferior) Courts as Congress makesJudges serve until1. They quit or retire2. Removed for bad behaviorJudges get paid and their pay cannot be cut

  • JurisdictionConstitutional law casesAmbassadorsCases when the U.S. is sued of the U.S. suesCases between 2 statesThe U.S., its citizens and other countries

  • Trial by JuryTrials are by jury in the state where the crime was committedExcept impeachment

  • TreasonWarring against the U.S.Helping U.S. enemiesMust be 2 witnesses of an actionAdmission of guilt

  • Article 4StatesEvery state must recognize public acts of other states:SUCH ASMarriageDrivers licensesEvery state MUST allow privileges to all no matter what state they are from

  • ExtraditionIf a person runs from the law and are caught in another state, they must be returned to the state where they are charged.

  • Fugitive SlavesUnder the original Constitution, run away slaves had to be returned.This was changed by the 13th Amendment banning slavery

  • New StatesNew states can be admitted by CongressNOTE:The Constitution doesnt way how this will be done, SO, how did we get the rules?THE ELASTIC CLAUSENew states cannot be made from old states with approval.

  • Federal LandsWhat doesnt belong to a state or a private individual is Federal land and can be sold by the U.S. Govt.

  • ProtectionTHE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT MUSTProtect states from foreign invasionHelp with domestic violenceGuarantee a republican form of government

  • Article 5AmendmentsThe Constitution can be changed by amendmentPROCEDURE2/3 OF Congress propose amendment then approved by of the states2/3 of states propose amendments then approved by of the states

  • Article 6Debts, Supremacy, OathAll debts from the Revolution will be paid by the U.S., not the statesThe Constitution is the SUPREME law of the U.S.Everyone elected and appointed to U.S. and state offices must take an oathNo religious test it doesnt matter what church you go to

  • Article 7RatificationWhen 9 states ratify, the Constitution takes effect

  • AmendmentsFirst 10 are called the Bill of Rights

  • AmendmentsFreedom ofSpeechReligionPressAssemblyPetition

  • Amendments2.Right to bear arms

  • Amendments3.No quartering of troops the government cannot put soldiers in your house to live

  • Amendments4.No unreasonable searches and seizures

  • AmendmentsGrand jury indictmentNo double jeopardyNo forced confessionsDue process of law requiredPrivate property cannot be taken without compensation

  • AmendmentsSpeedy and public jury trialDefendant knows the chargesCross examine witnessesPresent own witnessesHave an attorney

  • AmendmentsJury trials in civil casesOnce a jury rules, no other court can examine the facts

  • Amendments8.No excessive bailNo excessive finesNo cruel or unusual punishment

  • Amendments9.There are more rights than just the Bill of Rights and the government cannot claim those or take them away.

  • Amendments10.If a power is NOT given to the Federal Government, that power belongs to the states

  • Amendments13.No slavery in the U.S., territories or possessions

  • AmendmentsIf you were born in the U.S. or naturalized, you are a citizenNo state can take away your rights as a citizenNo state can take your life, liberty or property without due process of lawEvery citizen must be treated equally

  • Amendments15.Right to vote no matter what your skin color, or previous servitude

  • Amendments19.Womens right to vote

  • Amendments24.Cannot tax people for voting right

  • Amendments26.Lowered voting age to 18

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