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The Cil War

Transcript

  • 1.

2. Click above 3. 4. Abraham Lincoln

  • Was President of the United States
  • Opposed thespreadingof slavery
  • Determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary
  • Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states

5. Abraham Lincoln

  • Issued the Emancipation Proclamation (1862):
    • Presidential Order that freed enslaved people in areas controlled by the Confederacy
    • Made ending slavery the new goal for the North
  • Wrote the Gettysburg Address (1863):
    • The Civil War was fought to preserve the ideals upon which the US was founded
    • A government of the people, by the people and for the people.

6. Jefferson Davis

  • President of the South, Confederate States of America
  • Was captured and held captive by Union forces at the end of the war at Fort Monroe (Hampton)

7. Ulysses S. Grant

  • General of the Union Army that defeated General Robert E. Lee
  • Accepted terms of surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
  • Later became President of the United States

8. Robert E. Lee

  • Leader of the Army of Northern Virginia
  • He was offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war but chose not to fight against Virginia
  • Opposed secession, but did not believe that the Union should be held together by force

9. Robert E. Lee

  • Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunited as Americans when some wanted to fight on
  • Later founded Washington and Lee College (now University) in Lexington, VA.

10. Frederick Douglass

  • A former slave who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist
  • Worked with William Lloyd Garrison as a speaker and writer for the Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper.

11. Thomas Stonewall Jackson

  • Was a skill Confederate General from Virginia
  • Gained his nickname Stonewall at the first Battle of Manassas/Bull Run
  • Was fatally shot by friendly fire at Fredericksburg and later died of infection

12. The Firing on Fort Sumter Battle of Fort Sumter April 12 and 13, 1861 Fort Sumter was a Union Fort in the bay of Charleston, SC.The Confederate forces attacked the fort, saying that since it was in Confederate territory, it should be a confederate fort. 13. 14. Fort Sumter, Charleston, SC 15.

  • First Major Battle of the Civil War
  • Confederate Forces won
  • Civilians were killed when forces retreated because they were watching as spectators

First Battle of Bull Run/Manassas 16. Manassas July 1861 17. Emancipation Proclamation January 1, 1863

  • This document made freeing the slaves the new focus of the war.
  • Many freed slaves joined the Union Army.

18. Battle of Vicksburg May 18-July 4, 1863

  • Divided the South
  • The Union gained control of the Mississippi River
  • The South was now divided into three parts:North, South and West, with limit communication, transportation and shipping happening between the three parts.

19. Manassas July 1861 Manassas July 1861 Vicksburg, 1863 Gettysburg, 1863 20. 21. 22. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3 rd , 1863

  • The bloodiest battle of the Civil War.(51,000 casualties)
  • This was the turning point of the war, the North repelled Lees invasion.
  • The Confederacy suffered such great loses at this battle that Lees arm would never have the strength to invade the North again.
  • General Lee ran back into the South and was followed by Northern generals.

23. Gettysburg Battlefied,Little Round Top 24. 51,000 casualties 25. Appomattox Courthouse 26.

  • Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse ending the deadliest war ever in American History

Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865 27. The Union Blockade With the blockade of Southern ports, such as Savannah, Charleston and New Orleans, the South was not able to ship out cotton to sale in England, nor were they able to receive finished materials from England or France. 28. Control of the Mississippi River 29.

  • Once the Union got control of the Mississippi River, the Confederates were unable to use the river to transport people, weapons, or trade items, either to the other parts of the Confederate States, or to England or other parts of the world.

Control of the Mississippi River 30. Battle Locations

  • The battles were fought to try to capture the capitol of the other side.

Washington, DC Capitol of the Union Richmond, VA Capitol of the South 31. Control of the High Ground

  • On a battlefield, if you control the high ground, you have a better chance of winning the battle.Mostly because you can see who is attacking you and from where they are coming from, as well as having a better range and accuracy with shots.

http://www.jatruck.com/stonewall/gettysburg.html Click the link for more 360 pictures Click here for a 360 view of Little Round Top 32. Major Idea

  • Life on the battlefield and on the homefront was extremely harsh.Many died from disease and exposure.

33. General Effects of the War

  • Families and friends were often pitted against one another.
  • Southern troops became increasingly younger and more poorly equipped and clothed.

http://farm1.static.flickr.com/215/522215241_252403c390.jpg?v=0 34. General Effects of the War

  • Much of the South was devastated at the end of the war (i.e., the burning of Richmond and Atlanta)
  • Disease was a major killer.
  • Clara Barton, a Civil War nurse, created the American Red Cross.

http://www.historyplace.com/specials/calendar/docs-pix/clara-barton.jpg Clara Barton 35. General Effects of the War

  • Combat was brutal and often man to man.
  • Women were left to run businesses in the North and farms and plantations in the South.
  • What other kinds of jobs do you think women did during the Civil War?
  • (Some women were nurses, soldiers, or evenspies .)

http://www.dtsk8.org/6_8/8/Civil%20War%20Webpage-RS/bellnurse.jpg 36. General Effects of the War

  • The collapse of the Confederacy made Confederate money worthless.

http://www.flagguys.com/img/monb.jpg 37. Effects of the War on African Americans

  • African Americans fought in both the Confederate and Union armies.
  • The Confederacy often used slaves as naval crew members and soldiers.

http://www.vgsd.org/~kgallagher/BlackSoldier.bmp 38. Effects of the War on African Americans

  • The Union moved to enlist African Americans sailors early in the war.
  • African American soldiers were paid less than white soldiers.

http://www.medalofhonor.com/colored_infantry.jpg 39. General Effects of the War on African Americans

  • African American soldiers were discriminated against and served in segregated units under the command of white soldiers.
  • Robert Smalls, a sailor and later a Union naval captain, was highly honored for his feats of bravery and heroism.He became a Congressman after the Civil War.

http://www.old-picture.com/mathew-brady-studio/pictures/Robert-Smalls.jpg