Using Sources in your Work: A Tutorial on Avoiding Plagiarism GRADE

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Agenda for This Tutorial Read about examples of plagiarism and the consequences in the real world. Learn more about plagiarism: What plagiarism is and how one can avoid it When to cite your sources How to cite your sources Take a quiz to verify your understanding. Pledge that you will avoid plagiarism.

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Using Sources in your Work: A Tutorial on Avoiding Plagiarism GRADE 10 - 11
NOTE: To move through this tutorial, use the mouse to click on the arrow at the bottom right of your screen. Agenda for This Tutorial
Read about examples of plagiarism and the consequences in the real world. Learn more about plagiarism: What plagiarism is and how one can avoid it When to cite your sources How to cite your sources Take a quiz to verify your understanding. Pledge that you will avoid plagiarism. You know this dont you?
Sure you do.Teachers have been talking (and talking, and talking) about plagiarismand how you should avoid it. But, if it is so bad, why do students (and adults) do it? Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses
Why does it matter?My (pick one of the following) teacher/parent/guardian doesnt care if I do it. Everybody else does it.Why not me, too? The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it? Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses
Why does it matter?My (pick one of the following) teacher/parent/guardian doesnt care if I do it. Everybody else does it.Why not me, too? I didnt know that I had to cite my sources. I didnt understand the assignment and I needed some help. The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it? Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses
Why does it matter?My (pick one of the following) teacher/parent/guardian doesnt care if I do it. I didnt have the time to do the work on my own.I had work/rehearsal/practice/etc. Everybody else does it.Why not me, too? I didnt know that I had to cite my sources. I didnt understand the assignment and I needed some help. I had to.I need to have good grades. The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it? Why do students plagiarize? Here are some excuses
Why does it matter?My (pick one of the following) teacher/parent/guardian doesnt care if I do it. I didnt have the time to do the work on my own.I had work/rehearsal/practice/etc. Everybody else does it.Why not me, too? I didnt know that I had to cite my sources. I didnt understand the assignment and I needed some help. I had to.I need to have good grades. The assignment was dumb/boring/too hard/too easy/etc., so why should I put my effort into it? Have you heard any of those before? But those excuses dont cut itThere is no acceptable excuse for plagiarism.Plagiarism is cheating (and it will be treated as such if it is found in your work). Look at these real life examples Real Life Plagiarism Scandals
Doris Kearns Goodwin, a Pulitzer Prize winning historian, was forced to step down from the Pulitzer board after she was found to have accidentally used anothers words in one of her books. Disgraced Kirpatrick, David D.Author Goodwin Resigns from Pulitzer Board.New York Times. (1 June 2002.) 5 Aug . Hostetter, Janet.6 Apr Associated Press Images.5 Aug Real Life Plagiarism Scandals
After being accused of rampant plagiarism in her work, tenured professor Madonna G. Constantine was fired from her position at Columbia University. Fired Santora, Marc.Columbia Professor in Noose Case Is Fired on Plagiarism Charges.New York Times.(24 June 2008.)5 Aug . Bondafeff, Dian.10 Oct Associated Press Images.5 Aug . Real Life Plagiarism Scandals
As a reporter for the New York Times, Jayson Blair plagiarized or fabricated in more than 40 stories between 2002 and He was fired from his job.The top two editors of the newspaper resigned as a result of the scandal. Forced to give up career Correcting the Record.New York Times.11 May The New York Times.5 Aug Image: Szymaszek, Jennifer.12 May Associated Press Images.5 Aug Real Life Plagiarism Scandals
Blair Hornstein was the valedictorian of her high school class and had earned admission to Harvard University.After articles Hornstein wrote for a local newspaper were discovered to have been plagiarized, Harvard University rescinded their acceptance. Harvard Admission Revoked Blair Hornstein.The Gothamist.14 July Aug . Capuzzo, Jill P. MOORESTOWN JOURNAL; Seeing Crimson. New York Times.(20 July 2003.)5 Aug . So, as you can see, plagiarism is a serious offense
So, as you can see, plagiarism is a serious offense.This presentation is part of your class work so that you knowwhat plagiarism isandhow you can avoid it. Definition of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is: To steal the words or ideas of another person To pass off the words or ideas of another person as ones own Further: It doesnt matter whether the theft is intentional or accidental.Either way, it is plagiarism. Lets look at some hypothetical situations
Lets look at somehypothetical situations.For each, determine if the student plagiarized or did not.Click on the arrow to move to the next page. Jacks Situation Is this plagiarism? Yes No
Jack has an English paper due tomorrow.He read the book and paid attention during class, but he has no idea what to write about. Jack logs onto the Internet just to get some ideas about topics for his paper. He finds a great idea and begins writing his paper using the topic he found.He is very careful to avoid copying any text or words from the Internet article he found. Is this plagiarism? Yes No return to previous slide
You must choose from the blue buttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide You said Jack did plagiarize.
You are right.Jacks actions constitute plagiarism. Jack is committing plagiarism by taking the ideas of the source without citing them in the paper. Even though he put the ideas in his own words, Jack is stealing the intellectual property of the source. You said Jack did not plagiarize.
You are wrong.Jacks actions constitute plagiarism. Jack is committing plagiarism by taking the ideas of the source without citing them in the paper. Even though he put the ideas in his own words, Jack is stealing the intellectual property of the source. You are wrong.Jacks actions constitute plagiarism. He could avoid plagiarism if he cites the source of the ideas in his paper. Jills Situation Is this plagiarism?
During history class, Jill is asked to find some background on Fidel Castros rise to power. Jill does a Google search and arrives at Wikipedias article on Fidel Castro.Without using quotation marks, Jillcuts and pastes several sentences from Wikipedia into her assignment. Is this plagiarism? Yes No return to previous slide
You must choose from the blue buttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide You said Jill did plagiarize.
You are right.Jills actions constitute plagiarism. By taking the words from the Wikipedia article, Jill is committing plagiarism. She can avoid plagiarizing by quoting the article in her assignment and including an entry that describes the source in a bibliography at the end of her paper. You said Jill did not plagiarize.
You are wrong.Jills actions constitute plagiarism. By taking the words from the Wikipedia article, Jill is committing plagiarism. She can avoid plagiarizing by quoting the article in her assignment and including an entry that describes the source in a bibliography at the end of her paper. Gretels Situation Is this plagiarism?
Gretel is a freshman who feels overwhelmed by the high school.When her science teacher assigns a short worksheet on genetics, Gretel is confused and frustrated. During lunch, Gretel borrows her friends paper and copies the answers onto her own paper. Is this plagiarism? Yes No return to previous slide
You must choose from the blue buttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide You said Gretel did plagiarize.
You are right.Gretels actions constitute plagiarism. Even if Gretels friend gave permission for Gretel to copy her work, it is still plagiarism. Gretel is guilty of plagiarism.She tried to take credit for the words and ideas of another person. You said Gretel did not plagiarize.
You are wrong.Gretels actions constitute plagiarism. Even if Gretels friend gave permission for Gretel to copy her work, it is still plagiarism. When a student attempts to take credit for the words and ideas of another person without acknowledging the original source of the work Think youve got it. Read the following (and pay attention
Think youve got it?Read the following(and pay attention!There will be a quiz on this information at the end!) Definition of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is: To steal the words or ideas of another person To pass off the words or ideas of another person as ones own It doesnt matter whether the theft is intentional or accidental.Either way, it is plagiarism. How to Avoid Plagiarism
Cite the source of any idea or words you take from anyone else. Carefully mark the beginning and end of the sources words or idea. Provide a bibliography to show where the borrowed material originated. So, what is the benefit of citing my sources?
OK, I get it there are penalties for plagiarizing because it is stealing someone elses words or ideas. But, if I am not caught, I wont be penalized. So, what is the benefit of citing my sources? Four good reasons for citing sources in your work:
Citing reliable information gives credibility to your work. Cheating is unethical behavior. It is only fair to give credit to the sourceotherwise, you are stealing the sources ideas. The consequences are severeplagiarism is not worth the risk. You probably have two questions: (1) What do I need to cite
You probably have two questions:(1) What do I need to cite?(2) How do I cite?Read on for the answers What do I need to cite? Did you think of it? No. Yes. Is it common knowledge? Cite it. Do not cite it. This chart will help you decide what must be cited. It was created by Robert A. Harris in The Plagiarism Handbook. Did you think of it? No. Yes. Is it common knowledge? Cite it. Do not cite it. Sothe rule is:If you created it without any help, you do not need to cite the source.If you did not create the content, you must cite the source. Did you think of it? No. Yes. Is it common knowledge? Cite it. Do not cite it. The one exception to that rule is for common knowledge.You do not need to cite the source of an unoriginal piece of information IF:(1) an educated person should know the information, OR(2) it is a fact that could be found in an encyclopedia. So, you dont need to cite a fact, but you must cite the source of opinions and ideas that are not your own And, you must cite anytime you use the exact words of the sourceeven if the words are presenting common knowledge. So, you dont need to cite a fact,for example: Harper Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird. ORHarper Lee was born in but you must cite the source of opinions and ideas that are not your own. for example: Dorothy Gale believes that Lord of the Flies is an inspiring story (75).ORAccording to Joe Smith, Piggy represents the human spirit (15). And, you must cite anytime you use the exact words of the sourceeven if the words are presenting common knowledge. You must always cite the source of ANY direct quotation. Did you think of it? No. Yes. Is it common knowledge? Cite it. Do not cite it. Take one more look at this chart! If the idea and the words are yours, you do not need to cite. So, lets check to see that you understand when you need to cite the source and when you dontAnswer the following questions and choose the correct answer. Do not cite the Cite the source. source. Test Case #1
Jack isnt sure if he needs to cite the source of the information below.He found the fact online. Abraham Lincoln was our 16th president. What do you think?What should Jack do?Pick one of the answers below. Cite the source. This means he will: Either: Surround with quotation marks, or Put the quotation into his own words, changing the syntax, structure, & organization Include a lead-in giving the sources name, Give the page number, and List the source in a bibliography Do not cite the source. This means that the information is a commonly reported fact.It is generally known and available from many sources. Jack should verify the information in at least two sources, then Jack will write the well-known information in his own words. return to previous slide
You must choose one of the buttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide You are incorrect. In this case, citation is not necessary.
Jack does not need to cite the source or quote the information because it is general knowledge. Abraham Lincolns status as the 16th President of the US is a fact that is verifiable in many places.Therefore, Jack can use the information without citation. You are correct! Jack does not need to cite this information.
Jack does not need to cite the source or quote the information because it is general knowledge. Abraham Lincolns status as the 16th President of the US is a fact that is verifiable in many places.Therefore, Jack can use the information without citation. What should Jill do? Pick one of the answers below.
Test Case #2 In her paper on Affirmative Action, Jill found one source that explained that Affirmative Action evens the field of play by forcing equality among all players. In her paper, Jill uses the phrase forcing equality but she puts all the other parts of the source into her own words. What should Jill do?Pick one of the answers below. Cite the source. This means she will: Either: Surround with quotation marks, or Put the quotation into her own words, changing the syntax, structure, & organization Include a lead-in giving the sources name, Give the page number, and List the source in a bibliography Not cite the source. This means that the information is generally known and available from multiple sources. Jill should verify the information in at least two sources, then Jill will write the well-known information in his own words. (3)Jill should make a bibliographic citation for use on her Works Consulted page. return to previous slide
You must choose one of the buttons at the bottom of the page.Read the situation and then choose one of the options presented. Click here to return to previous slide You are correct! Jill must cite this information.
Jill needs to cite the source of the paraphrase because the idea belongs to the source. Further, because Jill uses the unique phrase forcing equality, she must include that phrase in quotation marks, indicating that it is a direct quotation from the source. You are incorrect. In this case, citation is necessary.
Jill needs to cite the source of the paraphrase because the idea belongs to the source. Further, because Jill uses the unique phrase forcing equality, she must include that phrase in quotation marks, indicating that it is a direct quotation from the source. Test Case #3 Gr...

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