Varieties of American Nationalism Nationalism and Sectionalism Page 216 - 233

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  • Varieties of American NationalismNationalism and Sectionalism

    Page 216 - 233

  • MAIN THEMES

    How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power.

    The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

    The internal American divisions that beset the First Party period.

    How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and led to the War of 1812.

    The participation and impact of the War of 1812 on Amerinindians.

    The impact of the War of 1812 on American politics.

    The defining of political authority through John Marshall and the Supreme Court.

  • Look through Ch. 8 visuals/charts/maps write down which show a nationalizing influence and which show a sectionalizing influence Nationalizing4th of July Picnic 216Steamboat 220SectionalizingMissouri CompromiseElectoral map

  • MANIFEST DESTINYAmerican Progress

  • Aftermath of the War of 1812America gives up demand of Britain to renounce impressmentAlso gives up demand for British CanadaUnity threatened by slavery issueWar/embargo stimulated economy esp. textiles Lowell system Exposed need for better transportation and for a national bank

  • 1. Protective tariffs for the new New England industry2. High priced public lands to keep workers from migrating west3. Federally built internal improvements1. Low protective tariffs to encourage trade with England (cotton/tobacco)3. No federally built internal improvements2. Public lands available for sale in large chunks (for farms+plantations)1. Low-priced public lands to encourage settlement (watch for the NW Ordinance!)2. Protective tariffs to stimulate growth of a home market3. Federally built internal improvements

  • Economy suffers after war of 1812 Congress passes tariff

  • Transportation a public /private venture: pages 219-21National Road financed by Ohio land sales.Robert Fulton: steam engine steamboatMadison vetoes Internal Improvements Bill. Did not believe Congress had the authority to fund improvements without a constitutional amendmentWhy do you think the govern. was now interested in Internal improvements?

  • Internal improvements left to state govern. and private sector

  • Westward Expansion

    PUSH Factors PULL factorsPop. /econ pressuresExpan. of slaveryAvailability of new landsLess Indian resistance

  • The northwest is now the old northwest White settlers in old northwestLonely but not solitaryBuilt communitiesMutual aidmobility

  • Plantation system in the southwest p. 222Demand for cotton draws farmers into western lands

    Spread of s. settlement cottonplantationsslavery

  • 4 new states admitted1816 - Indiana1817 Mississippi1818 Illinois 1819 Alabama What issue will be important as new states are admitted to the union? In 1821, Mexico wins independence from Spain and continues to control much of the southwest traders and merchants

  • Westward expansion: 1815- 1845

  • The Fur Trade and Mountain MenJacob Astors American Fur Trading companyMany lived peacefully with Ind and MexicansException: Jedediah SmithMarried Ind/Hisp womenMany lived in isolation

  • The First Party Period

  • FOUR PARTY PERIODS1796 - 18281ST PARTY SYSTEM FEDERALIST - ANTI-FEDERALIST NATIONALIST - REPUBLICAN / DEMOCRATHAMILTONIAN - JEFFERSONIAN1829 - 18562ND PARTY SYSTEMWHIG- DEMOCRACYANTI-JACKSONIAN - JACKSONIAN1856 - 1964 3RD PARTY SYSTEM REPUBLICAN - DEMOCRAT1964 - 4TH PARTY SYSTEM DEMOCRAT - REPUBLICAN

  • The Era of Good Feelings and the end of the 1st party system Time of temporary political unity1808 1824Madison serves for two terms then Monroe runs virtually unopposed in 1820, his second termGoodwill tour

  • 1820 election

  • James Madison (1809 1817)

  • James Monroe (1817 1825)

  • Missouri Compromise 1820

  • Missouri Compromise- stirrings of sectionalismHenry Clay said that if Missouri was not admitted as a slave state, southerners would block admission of Maine as a free stateCompromise temporarily papers over the issue of slavery

  • Marshall and the Court

  • The Court and the Tribes

  • MAIN THEMES

    How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power.

    The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

    The internal American divisions that beset the First Party period.

    How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and led to the War of 1812.

    The participation and impact of the War of 1812 on Amerinindians.

    The impact of the War of 1812 on American politics.

    The defining of political authority through John Marshall and the Supreme Court.

  • Religion and RevivalismDeismUniversalismUnitarianismThe Second Great Awakening PRESBYTERIANS WESTBABTISTS SOUTHMETHODISTS - *ARMINIANISM OVERTAKES CALVINISMRELIGION DURING FIRST PARTY PERIOD