VCE PHYSICAL EDUCATION ¢â‚¬â€œ UNIT 4 AOS 1 ... ¢â‚¬¢ Methods of at least two standardised, recognised tests

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  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 1

    VCE PHYSICAL EDUCATION – UNIT 4 AOS 1

    Presented by Chris Hudd

    Study design dot point: • Methods of at least two standardised, recognised tests for aerobic power, agility, anaerobic

    capacity, body composition, flexibility, muscular endurance, power and strength and speed.

    METHODS OF STANDARDISED TESTING (PART 1)

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 2

    Laboratory and field testing Laboratory tests Field tests

    Use of expensive and sophisticated equipment Use of readily available and inexpensive equipment

    Controlled laboratory environment Uncontrolled environmental conditions

    Qualified personnel administer tests Individual can administer test themselves or with anyone’s assistance

    High levels of accuracy Reduced accuracy

    Impractical and time consuming Highly practical and accessible

    Most provide direct measures of performance Most provide indirect measures that can then be used to estimate performance

    Laboratory tests (n.) Tests conducted under clinical laboratory conditions.

    Field tests (n.) Tests conducted within a team training or class activity setting.

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 3

    Theory summary • Direct tests are those tests which directly measure the function of a fitness component. • Indirect tests are those tests which utilise predictive measures and equations to estimate a

    fitness level, based on the test result.

    Sources: http://www.peterson.af.mil/News/Photos/igphoto/2000907354/ http://www.123aw.ang.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/449408/mass-fitness-test-improves-efficiency-gives-airmen-the-edge/

    Direct and indirect testingBeep test score calculator https://www.top endsports.com/t esting/beepcalc. htm

    Direct testing e.g. VO2 maximum treadmill test

    Indirect testing e.g. 20 metre shuttle run test

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 4

    Submaximal tests (n.) Tests conducted at certain intensity levels, below maximal. These tests measure the effort at the given intensity, and then can be used to predict maximal capacity.

    Maximal tests Submaximal tests

    High levels of accuracy Reduced accuracy

    Impractical and time consuming Highly practical and accessible

    Provide direct measures of performance Provide indirect measures that can then be used to estimate performance

    Often completed under laboratory conditions Use physiological markers such as heart rate response that correlate with VO2 maximum.

    Longer recovery time required Less disruptive to training

    Maximal and submaximal testingMaximal tests (n.) Tests that require subjects to work until exhaustion.

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 5

    Theory summary In order to gain an overall picture of an individual’s fitness, it is important to build a fitness profile. This can be done by selecting a number of different fitness tests to be completed that assess various fitness components.

    This is important, as the majority of sporting scenarios involve important contributions from multiple fitness components.

    Specificity – Testing MUST be as specific as possible to the requirements established in the activity analysis.

    Worked example: Soccer midfielder choosing a specific test for aerobic power:

    Fitness testing battery (n.) A group of tests selected to assess particular fitness components relevant to one sport/profile.

    ✓ ✘

    Selecting fitness tests

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 6

    Theory summary Result Comparison – Test results can be compared in two ways, either against normative data or against criterion-referenced levels.

    Normative tests (norms) – provide distributed results for a particular reference group (e.g age and/or gender) that are based on percentiles. Individuals are able to compare their results with the normative data (for their similar reference group)

    Source: https://www.topendsports.com/testing/norms/beep.htm

    Normative and criterion-based tests

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 7

    Theory summary Criterion-based tests – provide a result that can be compared to levels of fitness that are deemed appropriate for health promotion.

    Individuals do not compare their results with others, but rather with acceptable parameters for improved health.

    Source: Wikimedia Commons

    Normative and criterion-based tests

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 8

    Multiple choice activity This image shows a fitness test in progress.

    Which of the following correctly identifies the fitness component being tested, the type of test being undertaken, and the variable being measured?

    A. Aerobic capacity, maximal test, oxygen uptake

    B. Muscular endurance, sub-maximal test, blood lactate

    C. Muscular strength, maximal test, oxygen uptake

    D. Aerobic capacity, sub-maximal test, blood lactate

    E. I don’t know, yet.

    (VCAA 2016 Section A Q3)

    Source: VCAA 2016 Exam

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 9

    Multiple choice – Response This image shows a fitness test in progress.

    Which of the following correctly identifies the fitness component being tested, the type of test being undertaken, and the variable being measured?

    A. Aerobic capacity, maximal test, oxygen uptake (92% correct)

    B. Muscular endurance, sub-maximal test, blood lactate

    C. Muscular strength, maximal test, oxygen uptake

    D. Aerobic capacity, sub-maximal test, blood lactate

    E. I don’t know, yet.

    (VCAA 2016 Section A Q3)

    Source: VCAA 2016 Exam

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 10

    Field tests, such as a 20m shuttle run, are generally preferred over laboratory tests because they are more:

    Multiple choice activity

    A. practical and reliable

    B. accurate and practical

    C. accurate and reliable

    D. valid and ethical

    E. I don’t know.

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 11

    Field tests, such as a 20m shuttle run, are generally preferred over laboratory tests because they are more:

    Multiple choice – Response

    A. practical and reliable

    B. accurate and practical

    A.

    C. accurate and reliable

    B.

    valid and ethical

    I don’t know.

  • © Chris Hudd & Edrolo 2018 12

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