VCE Physical Education - Unit 4 Chapter 9 Assessment of Fitness Text Sources 1.Nelson Physical Education VCE Units 3&4: 4 th Edition – Malpeli, Horton,

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  • Chapter 9Assessment of Fitness

    Text SourcesNelson Physical Education VCE Units 3&4: 4th Edition Malpeli, Horton, Davey and Telford 2006.

    2. Live It Up 2: 2nd Edition Smyth, Brown, Judge, McCallum and Pritchard 2006.

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Assessing FitnessAssessment of Fitness

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Reasons for Fitness TestingIdentify the athletes capability to perform certain tasksIdentify athletes strengths and weaknesses, which can be used to develop/evaluate a training programTests should be re-tested every 8-12 weeks to give coach-athlete feedback (one-off testing is pointless)Testing can motivate athletes to strive for improvement in their fitness. Performance EvaluationLaboratory Tests; Assessment from expensive and sophisticated equipment in laboratories. Performed usually only at elite level (Sports institutes), but are very accurate (Eg. Maximal tests)Field Tests; Commonly carried out, as they are simple and results are instantaneous. Commonly carried out in individual and team sports to gauge ones fitness levels and can are specific to the fitness components required in particular sports. Maximal and Sub-maximal TestingSee table 9.1 p.195

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • University of Ballarat Laboratory Testing

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Direct and Indirect TestingThere are two broad approaches to testing direct, maximal testing and indirect sub-maximal testing. Each has its advantages and disadvantagesDirect lab equipment, HR monitor, etcIndirect predictive measures/ equations Direct testing tends to be confined to laboratoriesIndirect sub-maximal testing tends to be used most often because it is easy to administer, requires less expertise and requires minimal effort.

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • The Evaluation ProcessSelect the fitness components to be tested (Via game analysis)Select a suitable fitness test*Collect the data scientifically4. Analyse the data to determine strengths and weaknesses5. Make decisions as to what to do with the test results6. Design a training program to work on an athletes weaknesses and maintain their strengths

    p.195

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Test Selection CriteriaEach fitness test should be:

    Relevant: Selected fitness should assess the performance capabilities of the relevant major muscle groups, and also the patterns and speeds of movement performed.

    Specific: The predominant energy systems and fitness components utilised in an activity should form the basis for the selection of tests.

    Valid: An appropriate fitness test must be valid in that it should measure what it claims to measure. For example, if a test claims to measure aerobic capacity it should be of sufficient duration to test the capacity of this energy system.

    Reliable: Fitness tests must be able to be repeated with consistently accurate results. Reliability is dependent upon a number of factors remaining constant. The same warm-up should be performed. The same sequence of tests should be conducted. The same recovery period between tests should be provided. The athlete should be tested at approximately the same time of day. The athlete should be in a similar fluid and nutritional state. The environmental conditions of heat, humidity and air movement should besimilar.

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Pre-testing proceduresThe following is a checklist of recommended procedures and precautions that should be followed before undertaking any form of fitness testing.

    The individual should be fully informed and familiarised with the procedures and format of the test(s). No food should be consumed immediately before the testing session. (approx 2hrs) Appropriate clothing and footwear should be worn. Heavy or intense exercise should be avoided on the day prior to testing. The individual should give their consent andappropriate medical clearances should have been obtained. Untrained individuals should work at maximum intensities for short periods only, and their responses should be closely monitored. This is to ensure that they do not injure themselves or run the risk of overtaxing themselves.

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Standards and NormsWhere available, an athlete may make use of norms (standards that are normal or typical for a group) but caution should be exercised in referring to these norms. Where norms are not available, the athlete should use personal bests (PBs) as a guide.

    p.197

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Aerobic CapacityAerobic CapacityCoppers 12 minute runHarvard Step TestCritical swim speed test20m shuttle run test1.6km jog test (1 mile)

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Anaerobic CapacityThe two measures of anaerobic capacity include measurement of the capacity of the ATPPC system and measurement of the capacity of the anaerobic glycolysis (lactic acid) system. Tests to assess the capacity of the ATPPC system need to include activities of short duration (010 seconds) and maximum intensity (100 per cent effort). Tests to measure the capacity of the anaerobic glycolysis system need to be performed at maximal or near-maxima intensity (95100 per cent) and be sustained for a period of time between 3090 seconds.

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Anaerobic Power/SpeedPhosphate recovery testAnaerobic sprint test (RAST)Repco peak power testSprint standing starts50m sprint testData Analysis 9.1 p.205

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Muscular Endurance, Strength and PowerMuscular EnduranceSit upsPush upsModified/pull upsMuscular strengthGrip strengthCore muscle strengthMuscular PowerStanding Long JumpVertical Jump

    Data Analysis 9.3 p.217

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • FlexibilityFlexibilitySit and reachShoulder & wrist elevationTrunk and neck extensionShoulder rotationAnkle extension / flexionShoulder rotation

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • AgilityAgilityIllinois agility testSemo agility test

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Body CompositionBMISkinfold testunderwater weighing (hydrodensitometry),waist-to-hip ratio.

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Fitness Profiles and BatteriesGrouping of fitness tests targeted at particular groups eg. Schools.Battery tests provide a fitness profile for athletesExamples; ACHPER Australian Fitness Education Award, Sport Search Fitness ProgramAdvantages; Reliable and valid, norm/criterion referenced standards (With percentiles and ratings), a final score is achieved.Disadvantages; Not sport specific. p.221

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

  • Web Links Chapter 9

    Peak Centre for human performance (Canada): http://www.peakcentre.ca/faq.htm Sport Specific (encyclopedia of sports performance enhancement): http://www.sportspecific.com/ Sports Coach UK evaluation: http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/eval.htm Sports Coach UK conditioning: http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/conditon.htm ExRx Fitness Testing: http://www.exrx.net/Testing.html Go For Your Life: http://www.goforyourlife.vic.gov.au RobWoods guide to fitness testing: http://www.topendsports.com/testing/

    VCE Physical Education - Unit 4

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