Video editing Editing: Process of selecting, arranging,
and shortening scenes. Must decide needed shots, effects, sequence.
Most now are nonlinear editing systems.
Linear editing system
Nonlinear editing system Can move video around on the
timeline. Does not have to stay in order.
Fade: to black
Dissolve: one shot to another
Cut: direct transition
Wipe: one picture wiping off another picture
Superimposition or a super: placing one image over another.
Ricky Telg Video instructor
Key: two-source effect where a foreground image is cut into a background image and filled back in with itself. (Example: chroma key : cuts a given
color out and replaces it with another visual.)
A- & B-Roll
Terms from the film days. B-roll is the visuals. A-roll carries the voice.
A-roll narrator (audio)
A-roll narrator (video) A-roll narrator (video) B-roll video B-roll video
Aesthetics of editing
Content and program flow Pacing Continuity Scene transitions
Content and program flow
Contextual flow of the program. The flow of ideas in a program is
normally determined by the script. Editor has discretion in some instances.
Speed or timing or rhythm of a program.
To maintain interest, pacing must be brisk.
Instructional use of television requires that the audience be given sufficient time to absorb new information.
Continuity Each shot (edit) within a scene must connect to the shots preceding and following it.
Scene transitions: Cuts vs. effects
Cuts: simplest, cleanest and most unobtrusive transitions available.
Dissolves: program changes. Examples, changes in time, location
Special effects: wipes and other techniques, mainly digital effects
Editing In the camera Could be all you need: A quick interview
or tour of a place that brings the person or location to your audience
Takes a little prior planning If a tour, perhaps coordinate how youll travel
through the area Tip: Try starting the angle of each new scene
a little differently than the shot that precedes it If an interview, confirm your audio is good and
consider ambient noise or loud areas.
Editing The art of putting it all together: Good
editing is helped by good planning. How complex of an editing program?
Very basic to very powerful programs available
What features do you really need? Software can be fun, or hard, to learn Do you have time to learn new software? Can your computer run the software?
Editing - Software Considerations:
Relatively easy to learn and use Do you need it to do more than the software that
comes with shoot-and-share cameras? Can it easily trim and edit video? Add titles and effects? Good, easy-to-follow tutorials? Demo available? Customer support? Community forum?