Virtues of Salaat (Prayer)

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by Shaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kaandhlawi translated by Abdul Rashid Arshad Revised translation of the Urdu book Faza'il-e-Namaaz

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  • Virtues of SALAAT

    Revised translation of the Urdu book Faza'il-e-Namaaz

    by Shaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kaandhlawi

    translated by Abdul Rashid Arshad

  • CONTENTS FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    PART I.-IMPORTANCE OF SALAAT

    CHAPTER I.-THE REWARDS OF SALAAT Page No.

    Hadith I Salaat is a pillar of Islam . . . . . . . . 11 2, xr l

    Hadith I1 Salaat wipes out the sins. . . . . . . . 12 -33 Hadith I11 Salaat causes forgiveness of sins 13

    Hadith IV Salaat washes away the sins. . . . . 15-16

    Hadith V Salaat helps in adversities . . . . . . 17

    Hadith V1 Salaat is expiation for the sins . . . 21

    Hadith VII Salaat causes early entry into Paradise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    Hadith VIII Salaat is a redeemer . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Hadith IX ~l l ' ah ' s covenant with persons particular about Salaat . . . . . . . 24

    Hadith X Value of two rak'aats of Salaat . . . 25

    Arbaoon - Forty short Hadiths on the vir- tues of Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7

    CHAPTER 11.-WARNING AND REPROACH ON DISCARD OF SALAAT

    Hadith I Salaat is a partition between ' Islam and Kufr . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    Hadith I1 Discarding Salaat is leaving Islam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    Hadith I11 Allah has no obligation to person discarding Salaat . .

  • 4 Virtues of Salaat

    Hadith IV Tremendous loss on missing a single Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

    . . Hadith V Discard of Salaat is a major sin. 37 Hadith VI Fate of the person neglecting

    Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

    Hadith VII Horrible consequences of neg- lecting Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Hadith VIII One Haqb in Hell for each missed Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

    Hadith IX No portion in Islam for person neglecting Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    PART 11.-IMPORTANCE OF JAMAAT CHAPTER I.-THE REWARD OF JAMAAT

    Page No.

    Hadith I Salaat with Jamaat is 27 times superior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    Hadith I1 Salaat with Jamaat is 25 times superior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' 54

    Hadith I11 Vigilance of the Sahabah over Jamaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

    Hadith IV Deliverance from Hell and Free- dom from Nifaq . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

    Hadith V Reward on going to the musjid even if Jamaat is missed . . . . . . 59

    Hadith VI The bigger the Jamaat the more the reward 59 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    Hadith VII Perfect light on the Day of Judgement 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    25 j CONTENTS 5 CHAPTER 11.-WARNING AND REPROACH ON

    DISCARDING OF JAMAAT

    Page No. Hadith I Salaat without Jamaat is not

    accepted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Hadith I1 To miss Jamaat does not become

    ................... a Muslim 65 (r

    Hadith I11 The Prophet's displeasure on discarding of Jamaat .........

    Hadith IV Salaat without Jamaat an easy prey for Satan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

    Hadith V Ibn Abbas's verdict on discard- ing of Jarnaat ................ 67

    Hadith VI Person missing Jamaat shall be unable to prostrate on seeing Allah's Glory ............... 68

    PART 111.-IMPORTANCE OF SINCERITY AND DEVOTION IN SALAAT

    CHAPTER I.--QUOTATIONS* FROM THE HOLY QUR'AN Page No.

    Quotation I It is the Devotion that reaches Allah ...................... 70

    Quotation I1 Woe unto those who are heed- less of Salaat ................ 71

    Quotation III A Munafiq performs his Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . languidly 71

    Quotation IV Awful Doom of those mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . their Salaat 71

    Quotation V Worship of an idler is not ae- .................... ceptable 72

  • 6 Virtues of Salaat

    Page No. Quotation VI Success on being humble in

    Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

    Quotation VII Salaat is not hard for the humble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

    Quotation VIII Allah's praise for those who es- tablish Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

    Quotation IX Reward for those spending the night in Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

    Quotation X Reward for those who forsake their bed to cry unto Allah . . . . 74

    Quotation XI Allah's praise for vigil . . . . . . . . . . 75

    Quotation XI1 Distinction of paying adoration at night. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

    Quotation XI11 Reward for constancy in Salaat : . CHAPTER 11.-STORIES FROM THE LIVES

    OF THE PIOUS

    Story I Sheikh Abdul Wahid's vision . . . 78

    Story I1 Sheikh Mazhar Sa'adi's vision . . 78

    Story I11 Abu Bakr Dharir's story about a young slave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

    Story IV A Sheikh's dream. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    Story V Sheikh 'Ata's story about a slave girl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    Story VI Sirri Saqati's account of his slave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    Story VII Sirri Saqati's story about a pious woman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

    Story VIII Sheikh Abu 'Abdullah Jala's story about a porter . . . . . . . . . . 80

    L >

    I CONTENTS 7

    Story Page No.

    IX A surgical operation during - - Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

    I Story X Abu Amir's story about a slave woman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

    Story XI Story of Umar bin Abdul Aziz . . . 82 Story XI1 Muhammad bin Munkadir's

    Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Story XI11 Thabit Banani's Salaat . . . . . . . . . 83

    Pursuits of a few pious Persons . . 84

    CHAPTER 111.--QUOTATIONS FROM AHAADITH Hadith I Reward proportional to Sincer-

    ity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Hadith I1 Reward of good Salaat . . . . . . . . . . 86 Hadith I11 Benefit of Nafl Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Hadith IV Salaat, the first thing to be reck-

    oned for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Hadith V The worst thief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Hadith VI Keeping the body at rest in

    Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Hadith VII Salaat preserves from lewdness

    and iniquity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Hadi t h VIII Qunoot in Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

    F Requisites of good Salaat sug- gested by the Sufis . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    Significance of wording of Salaat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

    Salaat of a few Sahabah, Tabi- 'een and Sufis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

    An Important Note. . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

  • FOREWORD

    IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST GRACIOUS, THE MOST MERCIFUL.

    AUTHOR'S FOREWORD

    "We glorify Allah and ask blessings on and salute His noble Prbphet, his companions and those who follow I him in upholding the cause of the right religion." I The indifference of Muslims towards practising Islam

    these days is too well known. So much so that even Salaat, which is the most important pillar of Islam (after Imaan)

    I and the first and the foremost thing to be reckoned on the 1 i Day of Judgement, is being badly neglected. Although every call to 'Islam', nowadays, seems to be only a cry in the wil- derness, yet experience shows that efforts in this direction are not altogether fruitless. The glorious words of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) are sure to benefit i those with a receptive and submissive frame of mind. With I this idea in view and to comply with the long-standing re- i L quest of some of my dear friends, I have taken upon myself I I to write this booklet, which is the second of the series on 'Tabligh', the first one being "Virtues of Tabligh."

    The present-day Muslims, in respect of their behaviour towards Salaat, can be divided into three groups. A large number among them is totally unmindful of Salaat. Quite a few observe their Salaat, but are not particular about Jamaat. Then there are those who are regular in their Salaat (with Jamaat), but their Salaat is devoid of the care and thoroughness which it demands. I have divided the book into three parts to suit the requirements of each group. In each part, the illustrious Ahaadith of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) are quoted with their simple i g translation. The translation is idiomatic and not literal. Ex- 5 planatory notes have been added wherever necessary. The names of the books of Hadith from which the quotatims are taken have also been mentioned for reference.

    And my success can only come from Allah! And in Him I trust and unto Him I turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (XI:88)

  • CHAPTER 1

    THE REWARDS OF SALAAT

    PART I

    IMPORTANCE OF SALAAT

    There are two Chapters in this The first one is or1 '1111- portance of salaat, and the second of 'Warning and Re-

    proach' for those who neglect or discard salaat. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Kadhiyallaho anho) nar- rates that he heard the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) saying:

    "Islan~ is founded on five pillars: bearing witness that there is no god but Allah, and Muhanlmad (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) is His servant and apostle: estahlishmerlt of salaat: paying of Zakaat; pertorrnance of Hajj: axri fastirig in Kamadhaan."

    The Prophe! (Sallallaho alaihe u~asallam) has com- pared Islam to a canopy resting on five supports. The Kali- mah is the central support and the other four pillars of Islam are. so to say, the remaining four sup