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Vocabulary Cards and Word Walls
The vocabulary cards in this file match the Common Core Georgia Performance Standards. The cards are arranged alphabetically. Each card has three sections.
o Section 1 is only the word. This is to be used as a visual aid in spelling and pronunciation. It is also used when students are writing their own “kid-friendly” definition and drawing their own graphic.
o Section 2 has the word and a graphic. This graphic is available to be used as a model by the teacher.
o Section 3 has the word, a graphic, and a definition. This is to be used for the Word Wall in the classroom. (See ideas for everyday use of a Word Wall below.)
These cards are designed to help all students with math content vocabulary, including ELL, REACH, special education, and regular education students.
Ideas for everyday use of a Word Wall to develop vocabulary knowledge and fluency by the students
Give 3 cloze sentences for student to fill in with words from Word Wall (for example, We walked around the ____________ of the school.)
Have students write own sentences with words from the Word Wall. Have students share three sentences written by their cooperative group on an overhead or document
camera. Have students share examples of hearing, seeing, or using a word from the Word Wall from their
personal lives. Make a game by giving a definition for a word and students race to write the word on the board. Have students make a connection between pairs of words to help memory. Ask students to tell the two
words that they think go together or are connected in some way and to justify their reasoning. Give a clue about a word and then ask students to find the word on the wall that goes with the clue (for
example, This word names a polygon with five sides. … pentagon) Select a Word Wall word and ask students to work with a partner to create a quick web of all the words
they can think of that go with that word. Say a sentence, but leave out a word (from the wall). Have students guess which word belongs in the
sentence. Scramble the letters in a word. Give students a clue to its meaning and see if they can unscramble the
word. Share a topic with the class (e.g., multiplication) and ask students to find all of the words on the wall
that connect to the topic. Make a picture or photo book using the Word Wall words using a scrapbook format, PowerPoint, or
video. Write a story, poem, paragraph or letter including a set number of words from the Word Wall.
Source: Granite School District (Utah) Math Department
Bibliography of Definition Sources: Algebra to Go, Great Source, 2000. ISBN 0-669-46151-8 Math on Call, Great Source, 2004. ISBN-13: 978-0-669-50819-2 Math at Hand, Great Source, 1999. ISBN 0-669-46922 Math to Know, Great Source, 2000. ISBN 0-669-47153-4 Illustrated Dictionary of Math, Usborne Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 0-
7945-0662-3
Math Dictionary, Eula Ewing Monroe, Boyds Mills Press, 2006. ISBN-13: 978-1-59078-413-6
Student Reference Books, Everyday Mathematics, 2007. Houghton-Mifflin eGlossary, http://www.eduplace.com Interactive Math Dictionary, http://www.amathsdictionaryforkids.com
absolute value
absolute
value
absolute
value
- 5 = 5
The distance of a number
from zero on the number
line. Always positive.
- 5 = 5
acute triangle
acute
triangle
acute
triangle
A triangle with no angle
measuring 90º or more.
addend
addend
33 + 4.7 + 0.9 = 38.6
addends
addend
33 + 4.7 + 0.9 = 38.6
addends
Any number being added.
Additive Identity
Property of 0
Additive Identity
Property of 0 a + 0 = a
Additive Identity
Property of 0 a + 0 = a Adding zero to a number
gives a sum identical to
the given number.
additive inverses
additive inverses 5 + (-5) = 0
additive inverses 5 + (-5) = 0 Two numbers whose sum
is 0 are additive inverses
of one another.
algebraic expression
algebraic
expression 3x + 2
algebraic
expression 3x + 2 A group of numbers,
symbols, and variables
that express an operation
or a series of operations.
algorithm
algorithm
Partial Product Example
algorithm
Partial Product Example
A step-by-step method
for computing.
555
x 7
35 Step 1: Multiply the ones.
350 Step 2: Multiply the tens.
3500 Step 3: Multiply the hundreds.
3885 Step 4: Add the partial products.
555
x 7
35 Step 1: Multiply the ones.
350 Step 2: Multiply the tens.
3500 Step 3: Multiply the hundreds.
3885 Step 4: Add the partial products.
altitude
altitude
altitude
The perpendicular
distance from a vertex
to the opposite side of
a plane figure.
altitude or height
base
altitude or height
base
area
area 2 rows of 5 = 10 square units
or
2 x 5 = 10 square units
area
2 rows of 5 = 10 square units
or
2 x 5 = 10 square units
The measure, in square units,
of the interior region of a
2-dimensional figure or the
surface of a
3-dimensional figure.
Associative Property of
Addition
Associative Property
of Addition
(5 + 7) + 3 = 5 + (7 + 3)
12 + 3 = 5 + 10
15 = 15
Associative
Property of
Addition
(5 + 7) + 3 = 5 + (7 + 3)
12 + 3 = 5 + 10
15 = 15
The sum stays the same
when the grouping of
addends is changed.
(a + b) + c = a + (b + c),
where a, b, and c stand
for any real numbers.
Associative Property of
Multiplication
Associative Property
of Multiplication
(5 x 7) x 3 = 5 x (7 x 3)
35 x 3 = 5 x 21
105 = 105
Associative
Property of
Multiplication
(5 x 7) x 3 = 5 x (7 x 3)
35 x 3 = 5 x 21
105 = 105
The product stays
the same when the
grouping of factors
is changed. (a x b)
x c = a x (b x c),
where a, b, and c
stand for any real
numbers.
attribute
attribute
attribute
A characteristic.
e.g. size, shape or
color
large
triangle
pink
large
triangle
pink
axis
axis
axis
A reference line from
which distances or
angles are measured in a
coordinate grid.
(plural – axes)
x-axis
y-axis
x-axis
y-axis
base of a polygon
base of a
polygon
base of a
polygon
The side of a
polygon that is
perpendicular to
the altitude or
height.
altitude or height
base
altitude or height
base
box plot
box plot
box plot
A diagram that shows the
five number summary of a
distribution. (Five number
summary includes lowest
value, lower quartile, median,
upper quartile, and highest
value.)
cluster
cluster
cluster
A group of the same or
similar elements gathered
or occurring closely
together on a graph.
cluster
cluster
coefficient
coefficient 5x + 3
coefficient
5x + 3 A numerical factor in a term
of an algebraic expression.
coefficient
coefficient
common denominator
common
denominator
12 is a common
denominator for 2
3 and
3
4
common
denominator
12 is a common
denominator for 2
3 and
3
4
For two or more fractions, a
common denominator is a
common multiple of the
denominators.
common factor
common
factor
12 (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12)
18 (1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18)
Common Factors of 12 and 18:
1, 2, 3, 6
common
factor
12 (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12)
18 (1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18)
Common Factors of 12 and 18:
1, 2, 3, 6
Any common factor of
two or more numbers.
common multiple
common
multiple
4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36…
6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42…
Common Multiples of 4 and 6:
12, 24, 36…
common
multiple
4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36…
6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42…
Common Multiples of 4 and 6:
12, 24, 36…
Any common multiple of
two or more numbers.
Commutative Property
of Addition
Commutative Property
of Addition 5 + 3 = 3 + 5
Commutative
Property of
Addition
5 + 3 = 3 + 5
The sum stays the same
when the order of the
addends is changed.
a + b = b + a, where a
and b are any real
numbers.
Commutative Property
of Multiplication
Commutative
Property of
Multiplication 4 x 7 = 7 x 4
Commutative
Property of
Multiplication
4 x 7 = 7 x 4
The product stays the
same when the order of
the factors is changed.
a x b = b x a, where a and
b are any real numbers.
compose
compose
2 triangles can form a rectangle.
compose
2 triangles can form a
rectangle.
To put together, as in
numbers or shapes.
constant
constant
5x + 4
constant
5x + 4 A number with a value
that is always the same.
constant
constant
constant speed
constant
speed
constant
speed
Movement at a fixed
(constant) distance per
unit of time.
coordinate pair
coordinate
pair
(-5, 2) (x , y)
coordinate
pair
(-5, 2) (x , y)
A pair of numbers that gives
the coordinates of a point on
a grid in this order (horizontal
coordinate, vertical
coordinate). Also known as
an ordered pair.
coordinate plane
coordinate
plane
coordinate
plane
A 2-dimensional system in
which the coordinates of a
point are its distances
from two intersecting,
usually perpendicular,
straight lines called axes.
(Also called coordinate
grid or coordinate system.)
coordinate system
coordinate
system
coordinate
system
Also known as a
coordinate grid. A
2-dimensional system in
which the coordinates of
a point are its distances
from two intersecting,
usually perpendicular,
straight lines called axes.
coordinates
coordinates (3,-5) ( x , y)
coordinates (3,-5) ( x , y)
An ordered pair of
numbers that
identify a point on
a coordinate plane.
cube
cube
cube
A rectangular solid
having six congruent
square faces.
customary system
customary
system
customary
system
A system of
measurement used in
the U.S. The system
includes units for
measuring length,
capacity, and weight.
data
data
Number of School Carnival
Tickets Sold Kindergarten 22
1st Grade 15
2nd
Grade 34
3rd
Grade 9
4th
Grade 16
5th
Grade 29
6th
Grade 11
data
Number of School Carnival
Tickets Sold Kindergarten 22
1st Grade 15
2nd
Grade 34
3rd
Grade 9
4th
Grade 16
5th
Grade 29
6th
Grade 11
Information, especially
numerical information.
Usually organized for
analysis.
decompose
decompose
decompose
To separate into
components or basic
elements.
=
=
denominator
denominator
denominator
The quantity below
the line in a fraction.
It tells the number of
equal parts into
which a whole is
divided.
3
4 denominator
3
4 denominator
dependent variable
dependent
variable
# Bikes 1 2 3 4
Wheels 2 4 6 8
dependent
variable
# Bikes 1 2 3 4
Wheels 2 4 6 8
In a function, a variable
whose value is
determined by the value
of the related independent
variable.
difference
difference
49.75 – 13.9 = 35.85
difference
difference
49.75 – 13.9 = 35.85
difference
The amount that
remains after one
quantity is
subtracted from
another.
distribution
distribution
Age of People Attending a Movie
Age Ranges Tally Frequency
0 - 9 I I I 3
10 - 19 I I I I 4
20 - 29
I I I I I 6
30 - 39
I I I I I I I 8
40 - 49 0
50 - 59 I 1
60-69 II 2
distribution
Age of People Attending a Movie
Age Ranges Tally Frequency
0 - 9 I I I 3
10 - 19 I I I I 4
20 - 29
I I I I I 6
30 - 39
I I I I I I I 8
40 - 49 0
50 - 59 I 1
60-69 II 2
A table that shows
how many there
are of each type of
data.
Distributive Property
Distributive
Property
Example:
5(6 + 8) = (5 × 6) + (5 × 8)
Distributive
Property
Example:
5(6 + 8) = (5 × 6) + (5 × 8)
a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c)
and
a × (b – c) = (a × b) –
(a × c), where a, b, and c stand
for any real numbers.
dividend
dividend
8 578
dividend
dividend
8 578
dividend
A quantity to be
divided.
divisor
divisor
8 578
divisor
divisor
8 578
divisor
The quantity by which
another quantity is to be
divided.
dot plot
dot plot
dot plot
Also known as a line
plot. A diagram
showing frequency of
data on a number line.
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
double number
line diagram
double number
line diagram
double number
line diagram
A graphic diagram that
shows a proportional
relationship between
two quantities.
equation
equation 9 x 3 = 20 + 7
equation 9 x 3 = 20 + 7
A statement that two
mathematical
expressions are equal.
equilateral triangle
equilateral
triangle
equilateral
triangle
A triangle whose sides
are all the same length.
equivalent
equivalent
9 + 12 = 1 + 20
equivalent
9 + 12 = 1 + 20 Naming the same
number.
equivalent ratio
equivalent
ratio
6 2=
12 4
Both ratios simplify to 1
2.
equivalent
ratio
6 2=
12 4
Both ratios simplify to 1
2.
If two ratios have the
same value when
simplified, then they
are called
equivalent ratios.
evaluate
evaluate
42 – 13 = n
n = 29
evaluate
42 – 13 = n
n = 29
To find the value of
a mathematical
expression.
exponent
exponent
exponent
The number that tells
how many equal
factors there are.
exponent
25
exponent
25
expression
expression 5x + 3
expression 5x + 3
A variable or
combination of
variables,
numbers, and
symbols that
represents a
mathematical
relationship.
factor
factor
2 x 6 = 12
factors
factor
2 x 6 = 12
factors
An integer that
divides evenly into
another.
first quartile
first
quartile
first
quartile
The first quartile is the
middle (the median) of the
lower half of the data on a
box plot. One-fourth of
the data lies below the
first quartile and three-
fourths lies above. Also
known as Q1.
Q1
Q1
formula
formula
formula
A general
mathematical
statement or
rule.
Volume
of a
cube is
V = 6s2
Volume
of a
cube is
V = 6s2
fraction
fraction
fraction
A way of
representing part of a
whole or part of a
group by telling the
number of equal
parts in the whole
and the number of
parts you are
describing.
What is 3
4?
What is 3
4?
gap
gap
gap
A place on a
graph where no
data values are
present.
gap
gap
graph
graph
graph
A pictorial device
used to show a
numerical
relationship.
Students Taking Bus
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
5th Grade 6th Grade 7th Grade 8th Grade
Students Taking Bus
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
5th Grade 6th Grade 7th Grade 8th Grade
greater than
greater
than
greater
than
Greater than is
used to compare
two numbers
when the first
number is larger
than the second
number.
3 5
5 > 3
3 5
5 > 3
greatest common
factor
greatest common
factor
12 (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12)
18 (1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18)
GCF = 6
greatest common
factor
12 (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12)
18 (1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18)
GCF = 6
GCF. The
largest factor
of two or
more
numbers.
height
height
height
The
perpendicular
distance from a
vertex to the
opposite side of
a plane figure.
altitude or height
base
altitude or height
base
histogram
histogram
histogram
A bar graph in which
the labels for the bars
are numerical
intervals.
2
4
8
6
Ages of People Attending a Movie
age
nu
mb
er o
f p
eop
le
0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 25-30 20-25
2
4
8
6
Ages of People Attending a Movie
age
nu
mb
er o
f p
eop
le
0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 25-30 20-25
improper fraction
improper
fraction
5
3
improper
fraction
5
3
A fraction with
a numerator
greater than (or
equal to) its
denominator.
The
numerator is
greater than
the
denominator.
The
numerator is
greater than
the
denominator.
independent variable
independent
variable
# Bikes 1 2 3 4
Wheels 2 4 6 8
independent
variable
# Bikes 1 2 3 4
Wheels 2 4 6 8
A variable in a
mathematical equation
whose value determines
that of a dependent
variable.
inequality
inequality
5x + 6 < 20 – 2x
inequality
5x + 6 < 20 – 2x A mathematical
sentence that compares
two unequal expressions
using one of the
symbols <, >, ≤, ≥, or ≠.
infinite
infinite
infinite
Having no
boundaries or limits.
integers
integers
integers
The set of whole
numbers and
their opposites.
START
START
interquartile range
interquartile
range
interquartile
range
The difference
between the upper
quartile and the
lower quartile.
interquartile
range
interquartile
range
isosceles triangle
isosceles
triangle
isosceles
triangle
A triangle that has at
least two congruent
sides.
least common multiple
least common
multiple
6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42…
8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56…
LCM = 24
least
common
multiple
6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42…
8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56…
LCM = 24
LCM. The smallest
common multiple of
a set of two or more
numbers.
less than
less than
less than
3 < 5
Less than is used to
compare two numbers
when the first number
is smaller than the
second number.
5 3 < 5
3
3 5
line plot
line plot
line plot
Also known as a dot plot.
A diagram showing
frequency of data on a
number line.
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
lower extreme
lower
extreme
lower
extreme
The smallest or least
number out of a data set,
usually farther away from
interquartile range than
other data in set.
(Also known as
minimum.)
lower extreme
lower extreme
magnitude
magnitude
magnitude
Size; a property by
which something
can be compared as
larger or smaller
than other objects of
the same kind.
Example: If this man
owes $75 on a bill,
that is -$75. The
magnitude of his debt
is described as:
-$75 = $75
Example: If this
man owes $75 on
a bill, that is -$75.
The magnitude of
his debt is
described as:
-$75 = $75
maximum
maximum
maximum
The largest amount;
the greatest number
in a data set.
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
The
maximum
is 5.
The
maximum
is 5.
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
mean
mean
Data Set: 14, 21, 27, 33, 45, 46, 52
Step 1: 14 + 21 + 27 + 33 + 45 + 46 + 52 = 238
Step 2:
238 ÷7 = 34
mean
Data Set: 14, 21, 27, 33, 45, 46, 52
Step 1: 14 + 21 + 27 + 33 + 45 + 46 + 52 = 238
Step 2:
238 ÷7 = 34
The sum of a set of
numbers divided by
the number of
elements in the set.
(A type of average)
mean
mean
mean absolute
deviation
mean absolute
deviation
mean
absolute
deviation
In statistics, the
absolute deviation of
an element of a data
set is the absolute
difference between
that element and a
given point.
The weights of the three
people are 56 Kgs, 78
Kgs, and 88 Kgs.
Step 1: Find the mean. (56+78+88)/3 =
74
Step 2: Determine the deviation of each
variable from the mean.
56 – 74 = -18
78-74=4
90-74=16
Step 3: Make the deviation „absolute”
by squaring and determining the roots.
(eliminate the negative)
(18 + 4 + 16)/3 = 12.67 is the mean
absolute deviation.
The weights of the
three people are 56 Kgs, 78
Kgs, and 88 Kgs.
Step 1: Find the mean.
(56+78+88)/3 = 74
Step 2: Determine the deviation
of each variable from the mean.
56 – 74 = -18
78-74=4
90-74=16
Step 3: Make the deviation
„absolute” by squaring and
determining the roots.
(eliminate the negative)
(18 + 4 + 16)/3 = 12.67 is the
mean absolute deviation.
measure of center
measure
of center
measure
of center
An average; a single
value that is used to
represent a collection
of data. Three
commonly used types
of averages are mode,
median, and mean.
(Also called measures
of central tendency or
measures of average.)
Examples:
Mode = 1
Median = 2
Mean = 2.3 Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Examples:
Mode = 1
Median = 2
Mean = 2.3
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
measure of variation
measure of
variation
measure of
variation
A measure of how
much a collection of
data is spread out.
Commonly used types
include range and
quartiles. (Also
known as spread or
dispersion.)
Range = 4
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Range = 4
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
median
median
14, 21, 27, 33, 45, 46, 52
median
14, 21, 27, 33, 45, 46, 52
The middle number
of a set of numbers
when the numbers
are arranged from
least to greatest, or
the mean of two
middle numbers
when the set has two
middle numbers.
median
median
metric system
metric
system
metric
system
A system of
measurement based on
tens. The basic unit of
capacity is the liter.
The basic unit of
length is the meter.
The basic unit of mass
is the gram.
minimum
minimum
minimum
The smallest
amount; the smallest
number in a data set.
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
The
minimum
is 1.
The
minimum
is 1.
minuend
minuend
43.2 – 27.9 = 15.3
minuend
43.2 – 27.9 = 15.3 In subtraction, the
minuend is the
number you subtract
from.
minuend
minuend
mixed number
mixed
number
Example:
mixed
number
Example:
A number with an
integer and a fraction
part.
3
3
3
7
3
7
multiple
multiple
Example:
Multiples of
7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49…
multiple
Example:
Multiples of
7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49…
The product of a
whole number and
any other whole
number.
Multiplicative Identity
Property of 1
Multiplicative
Identity
Property of 1
a x 1 = 1 x a = a
Multiplicative
Identity
Property of 1
a x 1 = 1 x a = a
The product of any
number and 1 is
equal to the original
number.
multiplicative inverses
multiplicative
inverses
5 x 1
5 = 1
multiplicative
inverses
5 x 1
5 = 1
Two numbers whose
product is 1. Also
called reciprocals.
multiplicative
inverses
multiplicative
inverses
negative numbers
negative
numbers
negative
numbers
Numbers less than 0.
net
net
net
A 2-dimensional
shape that can be
folded into a
3-dimensional figure
is a net of that
figure. (Also called
a network.)
number line
number
line
number
line
A diagram that
represents numbers
as points on a line.
numerator
numerator 3
5
numerator
3
5
The number or
expression written
above the line in a
fraction.
numerator
numerator
numerical expression
numerical
expression 5 + 9
numerical
expression
5 + 9
A mathematical
statement including
numbers and
operations.
obtuse triangle
obtuse
triangle
obtuse
triangle
A triangle that
contains one angle
with a measure
greater than 90º
(obtuse angle) and
two acute angles.
opposite
opposite
+3 and -3 are opposites.
opposite
+3 and -3 are opposites.
Having a different
sign but the same
numeral.
Order of Operations
Order of
Operations
Order of
Operations
Rules describing what
sequence to use in
evaluating expressions.
(1) Evaluate within
grouping symbols.
(2) Do powers or roots.
(3) Multiply or divide
left to right.
(4) Add or subtract left
to right.
ordered pair
ordered pair (-5, 2) (x , y)
ordered pair (-5, 2)
(x , y)
A pair of numbers
that gives the
coordinates of a
point on a grid in this
order (horizontal
coordinate, vertical
coordinate). Also
known as a
coordinate pair.
origin
origin
origin
The intersection of
the x- and y-axes in
a coordinate plane,
described by the
ordered pair (0, 0).
outlier
outlier
outlier
A number in a set of
data that is much
larger or smaller than
most of the other
numbers in the set. outlier
outlier
percent
percent
percent
A special ratio that
compares a number to
100 using the symbol
%.
80% of
the
pentagon
is shaded.
80% of
the
pentagon
is
shaded.
plot
plot
plot
To place points
on a graph or
coordinate plane.
The point is
plotted at
(3, -2).
The point is
plotted at
(3, -2).
polygon
polygon
polygon
A closed figure formed
from line segments that
meet only at their
endpoints.
positive numbers
positive
numbers
positive
numbers
Numbers that are
greater than zero.
prism
prism
prism
A 3-dimensional
figure that has two
congruent and
parallel faces that
are polygons. The
remaining faces are
parallelograms.
product
product
product
The result of
multiplication.
Sunglasses are $9.95 a pair.
$ 9.95
x 3
$29.85
product
Sunglasses are $9.95
a pair.
$ 9.95
x 3
$29.85
product
proportion
proportion
proportion
An equation showing
that two ratios are
equivalent.
2
4 =
4
8
2
4
4
8
2
4
4
8
2
4 =
4
8
pyramid
pyramid
pyramid
A polyhedron whose
base is a polygon
and whose other
faces are triangles
that share a common
vertex.
quadrants
quadrants
quadrants
The four sections of
a coordinate grid
that are separated
by the axes.
Quadrant
I
Quadrant
II
Quadrant
IV
y
x
Quadrant
III
Quadrant
I
Quadrant
II
Quadrant
IV
y
x
Quadrant
III
quadrilateral
quadrilateral
quadrilateral
A four-sided polygon.
quantity
quantity
quantity
An amount.
3 candies
for
5 cents.
3 candies
for
5 cents.
quotient
quotient
15 R 2
9 137
quotient
15 R 2
9 137
The result of the
division of one
quantity by another.
quotient
quotient
range
range
range
The difference
between the greatest
number and the
least number in a set
of numbers.
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Number of Pets
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
5 – 1 = 4
Range is 4.
5 – 1 = 4
Range is 4.
rate
rate
rate
A ratio comparing
two different units.
The car was traveling 65 miles per
hour on the freeway.
The car was traveling 65 miles per
hour on the freeway.
ratio
ratio
ratio
A comparison of
two numbers using
division.
The ratio of chocolate bars to boys is
3:2.
The ratio of chocolate bars to
boys is 3:2.
rational number
rational
number
rational
number
A number that can
be expressed as a
ratio of two integers.
reciprocals
reciprocals
5 x 1
5 = 1
reciprocals
5 x 1
5 = 1 Two numbers whose
product is 1. Also
called multiplicative
inverses.
reciprocals
reciprocals
rectangle
rectangle
rectangle
A quadrilateral with
two pairs of
congruent, parallel
sides and four right
angles.
right rectangular prism
right rectangular
prism
right rectangular
prism
A prism with six
rectangular faces
where the lateral
edge is
perpendicular to
the plane of the
base.
right triangle
right triangle
right triangle
A triangle that
has one 90º
angle.
scalene triangle
scalene
triangle
scalene
triangle
A triangle that has
no congruent sides.
signed number
signed
number
signed
number
Positive or negative
number.
-5
-23
+8
+45
5 -5 +8
+45
5
-23
solid figure
solid figure
solid figure
A geometric
figure with 3
dimensions.
spread
spread
spread
A measure of how
much a collection of
data is spread out.
Commonly used
types include range
and quartiles. (Also
known as measures
of variation or
dispersion.)
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
Number of Weeks
Fre
quency
Number of Weeks on the Top 200 Chart
Range = 80
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
Number of Weeks
Fre
quency
Number of Weeks on the Top 200 Chart
Range = 80
square-based pyramid
square-based
pyramid
square-based
pyramid
A polyhedron
whose base is a
square and whose
other faces are
triangles that
share a common
vertex.
statistical variability
statistical
variability
statistical
variability
A variability or spread
in a variable or a
probability
distribution. Common
examples of measures
of statistical dispersion
are the variance,
standard deviation, and
interquartile range.
statistics
statistics
statistics
The science of
collecting,
organizing,
representing, and
interpreting data.
This baseball card shows statistics for a
famous baseball player.
This baseball card shows statistics for a
famous baseball player.
substitution
substitution
substitution
The replacement of
the letters in an
algebraic expression
with known values.
If x is equal to 9, then …
8x + 4 = ?
8(9) + 4 = 76
If x is equal to 9, then …
8x + 4 = ?
8(9) + 4 = 76
subtrahend
subtrahend
subtrahend
In subtraction, the
subtrahend is the
number being
subtracted.
27.34
- 8.29
19.05
subtrahend
27.34
- 8.29
19.05
subtrahend
sum
sum
45.3 + 92.9 = 138.2
sum
sum
45.3 + 92.9 = 138.2
sum
The result of
addition.
surface area
surface area
surface
area
The total area of the
faces (including the
bases) and curved
surfaces of a solid
figure.
Surface Area =
40 square
centimeters
Surface Area =
40 square
centimeters
table
table
Student Number of Books Read in
the Summer
Sara 3
Jose 8
Timothy 2
Belinda 3
Gretchen 11
Trevor 7
table
Student Number of Books Read in
the Summer
Sara 3
Jose 8
Timothy 2
Belinda 3
Gretchen 11
Trevor 7
An organized way to
list data. Tables
usually have rows
and columns of data.
tape diagram
tape
diagram
tape
diagram
A drawing that
looks like a segment
of tape, used to
illustrate number
relationships. Also
known as a strip
diagram, bar model,
fraction strip, or
length model.
156 vehicles drove by the
school. There were 3 times as
many passenger cars as
trucks. How many vehicles
were trucks?
156 vehicles drove by the
school. There were 3 times
as many passenger cars as
trucks. How many vehicles
were trucks?
term
term
5x + 14
terms
term
5x + 14
terms
A number,
variable, product,
or quotient in an
expression. A
term is not a sum
or difference.
third quartile
third
quartile
third
quartile
The third quartile is the
middle (the median) of the
upper half of the data on a
box plot. One-fourth of
the data lies above the
third quartile and three-
fourths lies below. Also
known as Q3.
Q3
Q3
three-dimensional
three-
dimensional
three-
dimensional
3-D. Existing in 3
dimensions; having
length, width, and
height.
triangular prism
triangular
prism
triangular
prism
A prism with
three rectangular
faces and two
triangular bases
where the lateral
edge is
perpendicular to
the plane of the
base.
triangular pyramid
triangular
pyramid
triangular
pyramid
A pyramid with a
triangular base.
unit cube
unit cube
unit cube
A precisely fixed
quantity used to
measure volume.
1 cm
1 cm
1 cm
Volume of 1 cubic
(cm3) centimeter
1 cm
1 cm
1 cm
Volume of 1 cubic
(cm3) centimeter
unit rate
unit rate
unit rate
A rate with a
denominator of 1.
Cereal is
$0.43 per
1 ounce.
Cereal is
$0.43 per
1 ounce.
upper extreme
upper
extreme
upper
extreme
The greatest or largest
number out of a data set,
usually farther away
from interquartile range
than
other data in set.
(Also known as
maximum.)
upper extreme
upper extreme
value
value
value
The amount
something is worth.
5x – 2 = 23
The value of x
is 5.
5x – 2 = 23
The value of x
is 5.
variable
variable
variable
A quantity that
changes or can have
different values. A
symbol, usually a
letter, that can stand
for a variable
quantity.
2n + 3 = 11
variable
2n + 3 = 11
variable
vertex
vertex
vertex
The point at which
two line segments,
lines, or rays meet
to form an angle.
(plural – vertices)
vertex
vertex
volume
volume
volume
The number of cubic
units it takes to fill a
figure.
Volume =
27 cubic
units
Volume =
27 cubic
units
whole numbers
whole
numbers 0, 1, 2, 3…
whole
numbers
0, 1, 2, 3… Any of the numbers 0,
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so on.
ax-axis
x-axis
x-axis
In a Cartesian grid, the
horizontal axis. x-axis
x-axis
x-coordinate
x-coordinate
(7, 2)
x-coordinate
x-coordinate
(7, 2)
x-coordinate
In an ordered
pair, the value
that is always
written first.
y-axis
y-axis
y-axis
In a Cartesian grid, the
vertical axis.
y-axis
y-axis
y-coordinate
y-coordinate
(7, 2)
y-coordinate
y-coordinate
(7, 2)
y-coordinate
In an ordered
pair, the value
that is always
written second.