Volume 1, Chapter 18 Socio-economics and employment 2019-06-20آ  (trade, FDI and tourism) 18.105

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Text of Volume 1, Chapter 18 Socio-economics and employment 2019-06-20آ  (trade, FDI and tourism) 18.105

  • Heathrow Expansion PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION REPORT: Chapter 18: Socio-economics and employment

    © Heathrow Airport Limited 2019

    Volume 1, Chapter 18

    Socio-economics and employment

  • Heathrow Expansion PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION REPORT: Chapter 18: Socio-economics and employment

    © Heathrow Airport Limited 2019

    CONTENTS

    18. Socio-economics and employment 18.1

    18.1 Introduction 18.1

    18.2 Relevant legislation, policy and other important and relevant matters 18.3 Introduction 18.3 Legislation and national planning policy 18.3 Regional and local planning policy 18.10 Other important and relevant matters 18.11

    18.3 Scoping and engagement 18.12 Overview 18.12 Scoping opinion 18.12 Technical engagement 18.14

    18.4 Scope of the assessment 18.16 Overview 18.16 Receptors 18.16 Identification of potential effects 18.17 Spatial scope and study area 18.20 Temporal scope 18.23

    18.5 Embedded environmental measures 18.27 Overview 18.27

    18.6 Methodology for baseline data gathering 18.31 Overview 18.31 Desk study 18.31

    18.7 Assessment methodology for PEIR 18.32 Assessment methodology evolution 18.32 Principles for the assessment 18.35 Approach to sensitivity, magnitude and significance 18.37

    18.8 Assumptions and limitations of this PEIR 18.38 Overview 18.38 Engagement 18.38 Baseline data 18.39 Environmental information and assessment of significance 18.39

    18.9 Overall baseline 18.40 Current baseline 18.40

    18.10 Assessment of socio-economic and employment effects 18.54 Overview 18.54 Activities 18.54 Potential temporary or permanent displacement of businesses or commercial activity including property, land and minerals 18.54 Potential effects on sustainability or viability of businesses 18.61 Disruption to residents and their economic activity, through environmental changes and changes in access to/from employment locations 18.70 Potential temporary effect of employment generation and effects on businesses in the construction supply chain 18.74 Potential effects of new employment and business generated by the DCO Project on the labour market, skills and training in or related to the construction phase 18.82 Potential wider effects on employment and economy through direct, indirect and induced influence of the DCO Project 18.87 Potential effects of new employment and business generated by the DCO Project on skills and training in or related to operational development 18.97

  • Heathrow Expansion PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION REPORT: Chapter 18: Socio-economics and employment

    © Heathrow Airport Limited 2019

    Potential additional effects on employment and the economy through catalytic effects (trade, FDI and tourism) 18.105 Potential for wider economic effects such as inward investment, local retention of business rates, spending and supply chain effects 18.111 Potential effects on the local and wider economy as a result of significant residual environmental effects which have the potential for economic consequences 18.113

    18.11 Preliminary assessment of significance 18.113

    18.12 Assessment of cumulative effects 18.118 Overview 18.118

    18.13 Next steps 18.118 Overview 18.118

    TABLE OF TABLES

    Table 18.1: Legislation relevant to socio-economics and employment 18.3 Table 18.2: National planning policy relevant to socio-economics and employment 18.4 Table 18.3: PINS Scoping Opinion 18.12 Table 18.4: Receptors requiring assessment for socio-economics and employment 18.17 Table 18.5: Potential effects on socio-economics and employment receptors scoped in for further assessment 18.18 Table 18.6: Temporal scope by effect 18.25 Table 18.7: Summary of the embedded measures in the design and good practice measures and how these influence the socio-economic and employment assessment 18.28 Table 18.8: Data sources used to inform the socio-economic and employment assessment 18.31 Table 18.9: Assessment methodology for the PEIR and ES 18.33 Table 18.10: Number of commercial addresses in the inner study area (Source: OS Address Base, 2017) 18.41 Table 18.11: Floorspace by use class in sqm in 2015/16 (Source: Non-domestic rating: business floorspace, VoA, 2016) 18.42 Table 18.12: Employment by industry in 2017 (Source: BRES 2018) 18.43 Table 18.13: Business counts (enterprises) in 2018 (Source: UK business counts, ONS, 2018) 18.44 Table 18.14: GVA in 2015 (Source: Regional Gross Value Added (Income) by Local Authority in the UK, ONS) 18.44 Table 18.15: Business rates (Source: MHCLG: National non-domestic rates collected by councils in England: 2017 to 2018) 18.44 Table 18.16: Labour market characteristics of the inner study area (Source: Census 2011) 18.45 Table 18.17: Labour market characteristics (Source: Mid-year population estimates 2017/APS – October 2017 to September 2018, 2019) 18.45 Table 18.18: Resident qualifications, 16-64 (Source: APS – January 2017 to December 2017, 2019) 18.46 Table 18.19: Unemployment (Source: ONS Model-based Estimates of Unemployment/Annual Population Survey, 12 months to September 2018) 18.48 Table 18.20: NEET residents (Source: Department for Education (DfE), Number of 16 & 17 year old NEETs Dec 2017- Feb 2018, Oct 2018) 18.49 Table 18.21: Median income in 2018, (Source: ASHE, 2018) 18.49 Table 18.22: Annual apprenticeship starts and completions (residents) 2014/15 to 2017/18 – core study area and England (Source: Apprenticeships geography and sector subject area – Individualised Learner Record (ILR), DfE, 2019) 18.51 Table 18.23: Apprenticeship starts by level in 2017/18 (Source: Apprenticeships geography and sector subject area – ILR, DfE, 2019) 18.52 Table 18.24: Apprenticeship starts by sector in 2017/18 (Source: Apprenticeships geography and sector subject area – ILR, DfE, 2019) 18.52

  • Heathrow Expansion PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION REPORT: Chapter 18: Socio-economics and employment

    © Heathrow Airport Limited 2019

    Table 18.25: Apprenticeship starts by age in 2017/18 (Source: Apprenticeships geography and sector subject area – ILR, DfE, 2019) 18.53 Table 18.26: Future baseline – employment and population in the core study area (Source: Oxford Economics modelling 2019). 18.54 Table 18.27: Expected displaced floorspace (GEA) by use class in the core study area 18.56 Table 18.28: Displacement and reprovision of floorspace by use class 18.59 Table 18.29: Labour market catchment (inner study area) – home locations of workers who live in the inner study area (Source: Census 2011) – purple highlights identify key origin-destination pairs 18.64 Table 18.30: Labour market catchment (inner study area) – home locations of workers who live in the core study area (Source: Census 2011) – purple highlights identify key origin-destination pairs 18.65 Table 18.31: Population in the inner study area (without the DCO Project) 18.66 Table 18.32: Changes to the population catchment – inner study area 18.69 Table 18.33: Access to economic activity for residents of the inner study area - work locations of residents who work in the inner study area (Source: Census 2011) – purple highlights identify key origin-destination pairs 18.72 Table 18.34: Access to economic activity for residents of the inner study area – work locations of residents who work in the core study area (Source: Census 2011) – purple highlights identify key origin-destination pairs 18.73 Table 18.35: Construction workforce – residents 16 - 64 (Source: APS – October 2017 to September 2018, 2019) 18.75 Table 18.36: Construction employment by sector (BRES 2017) 18.76 Table 18.37: Construction businesses split by size (Source: UK Business Counts, 2018) 18.76 Table 18.38: Construction workforce job years by location of residence 18.81 Table 18.39: Construction workforce (Aged 16-64 in employment) qualifications – resident (Source: Census 2011) 18.83 Table 18.40: Estimated construction occupation groups by DCO Project phase 18.85 Table 18.41: Construction skills requirements by DCO Project phase 18.86 Table 18.42: Colleagues projections – gross direct jobs (national) 18.89 Table 18.43: Colleagues projections – gross direct jobs (input) – core study area 18.91 Table 18.44: Multiplier and displacement assumptions 18.94 Table 18.45: Gross and net additional employment – national level 18.95 Table 18.46: Gross and net additional employment – core study area 18.96 Table 18.47: Core study area skills strategies – key themes 18.98 Table 18.48: Occupation skills (Source: APS, 12 months to September 2018) 18.99 Table 18.49: Core study area occupations by sector – all jobs (work place) (Source: APS, 12 months to September 2018) 18.100 Table 18.50: Direct employment by type of employment (indicative split) 18.104 Table 18.51: Catalytic effects- national level 18.110 Table 18.52: Summary of significance of negative and positive effects 18.113

    TABLE OF GRAPHICS

    Graphic 18.1: Workers who have undertaken on the job training (Source: APS, January to December 2017) 18.51 Graphic 18.2: Catalytic effects 18.107

    APPENDICES

    Appendix 18.1 Detailed baseline information for socio-economics and employment

  • Heathrow Expansion PRELIMINARY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION REPORT: Chapter 18: Socio-economics and employment

    18.1 © Heathrow Airport Limited 2019

    18. SOCIO-ECONOMICS AND EMPLOYMENT

    18.1 Introduction

    18.1.1 This chapter of the Preliminary Environmental Information Report (PEIR) presents

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