Water Management National Application - FY07 Plan to assess value of Earth science data in EPA in EPA

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  • Water Management National Application

    Lawrence Friedl & Jared Entin NASA Headquarters

    NASA Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Science Team Meeting

    October 10-12, 2006

    Extending the societal and economic benefits of Earth science research, information, and technology …

  • National Space Policy

    National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (as amended) Section 102. The preservation of the role of the United States as a leader in aeronautical

    and space science and technology and in the application thereof … The most effective utilization of the scientific and engineering resources of the United States, with close cooperation among all interested agencies of the United States in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort, facilities, and equipment.

    Section 203. The [NASA] Administration shall … (3) provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning its activities and the results thereof.

    National Space Policy (1996) NASA, in coordination with other departments and agencies as appropriate, will focus its

    research and development efforts in (parts of longer list): - Earth observation to better understand global change and the effect of

    natural and human influences on the environment; - Space technologies and applications to develop new technologies in

    support of U.S. Government needs and our economic competitiveness.

  • Items from 2006 NASA Strategic Plan

    http://science.hq.nasa.gov/strategy/index.html

    “NASA’s programs in Earth science also are central to three important Presidential initiatives: the Climate Change Research Initiative, Global Earth Observation, and the Oceans Action Plan.”

    “NASA’s Applied Sciences program will continue the Agency’s eEfforts in benchmarking the assimilation of NASA research results into policy and management decision-support tools that are vital for the Nation’s environment, economy, safety, and security.”

  • Earth Science Division:

    Applied Sciences Program

  • NASA Research to Societal Benefits

    NASA Earth Science program produces “research results”, such as:

    • Scientific Observatories, measurements, data dets • Research Models • Advanced Sensor and Space System Technology • Data Archives and Interoperability Technology • High Performance Computing and Networking Systems • Knowledge products • Increased Capacity

    The Earth Science program is extended through the Applied Sciences Program…

    • …to accelerate the use of these “research results” to improve future operational systems…

    • …by partnering with operational organizations to benchmark useful improvements in their decision support systems for societal benefit.

  • Integrating Knowledge, Capacity and Systems into Solutions

    Value and Benefits to citizens

    and societyPartnership Area

    Predictions/ Forecasts

    High-Performance Computing, Communication, and Visualization

    Standards and Interoperability

    Decision Support Tools

    Assessments Decision Support Systems Scenario Tools

    Policy Decisions

    Management Decisions

    ImpactsOutcomesOutputsInputs

    Data

    Earth Observatories

    Planetary Models

    Satellite Airborne In-Situ

    Land Oceans Atmosphere Solar

    NASA and Research Partners Partners with Decision-Support Tools

    Applied Sciences Program Approach to Integrated System Solutions

    Observations

  • Decision Support Tools/Systems

    Generally, decision support systems are interactive, computer-involved systems that provide organizations with methods to retrieve and summarize information, analyze alternatives, and evaluate scenarios to gain insight on critical factors, sensitivities, risks, and consequences of potential decisions.

    - Analysis activities - Actions & Management decisions

    Types of decision support systems and tools include: - Early warning systems - Planning tools - Forecasting - Assessments - Decision boards - Expert Systems - Alternatives analysis - Visualization tools - Impact analysis & response - Resource allocation

    Decision support systems allow the systematic evaluation and analysis of the relative value of various inputs to the decisions.

  • Ecological Forecasting

    Agricultural Efficiency

    Air Quality

    Invasive Species

    Aviation

    Energy Management

    Carbon Management

    Water ManagementHomeland Security

    Disaster Management

    Coastal Management

    Public Health

    Applications of National Priority

  • Program Activities

    Project Solicitations

    Directed Projects

    “Rapid Prototyping” Projects

    Congressionally-directed Projects

    Crosscutting Activities - Interoperability activities - Human capital development - Analysis and database of Earth science research

    ----------------------

    Primary Products are “Benchmark Reports”

  • Current and Future Solicitations

    REASoN CAN (Awards 2003) Runs FY04-FY09

    Decisions CAN (Awards 6/05) Runs FY05-FY08

    ROSES 2005 (Awards 3/06) Runs FY06-FY09

    ROSES 2006 No solicitation

    ROSES 2007 (Awards 10/07) Runs FY08-FY10

    ROSES 2008 (Awards 10/08) Runs FY09-FY11

    ROSES 2009 (Awards 10/09) Runs FY10-FY12

    ROSES 2010 (Awards 10/10) Runs FY11-FY13

    . . .

  • Earth Science Division:

    Applied Sciences Program

    Water Management National Application

  • Water Management Program Structure

    Water Management Themes

    • Irrigation & Water Delivery • Flow / Flood Forecast • Drought • Water Quality

    - BASINS Water Quality - RiverWare Reservoir Management - AWARDS ET Toolbox Water Supply &

    Demand Systems - NOAA NWS River Forecasting Systems - National Integrated Drought Information System & US Drought Monitor DSS - Gridded Surface/Subsurface Hydrologic Analysis

    Tenets of the Water Management Program:

    • Develop and nurture partnerships

    • Identify and assess partners’ water management responsibilities & decision- support systems; evaluate capacity of NASA Earth science results to enhance systems

    • Validate, verify and benchmark application of NASA products with the partners’ DSTs

    • With partners, assess the value of Earth system science results & support adoption into operational use

    • Communicate results and partners’ achievements to appropriate water management communities and stakeholders

  • Water Management Program Structure

    Water Management Themes

    • Irrigation & Water Delivery • Flow / Flood Forecast • Drought • Water Quality

    - BASINS Water Quality - RiverWare Reservoir Management - AWARDS ET Toolbox Water Supply &

    Demand Systems - NOAA NWS River Forecasting Systems - National Integrated Drought Information System & US Drought Monitor DSS - Gridded Surface/Subsurface Hydrologic Analysis

    Progress

    Benchmark NOAA NCEP Eta. NCEP actively using NASA LIS and MODIS research products with plans to make operational.

    FY07 Plan to assess value of Earth science data in EPA in EPA Non-point Source Water Quality Project.

    FY07 Plan to assess value of Earth science data in Reclamation’s RiverWare and AWARDS ET Toolbox.

    Air Force Weather Agency successfully implemented NASA Land Information System to replace AGRMET providing global soil moisture and temperature analysis.

    Water Management Program Review in June 2006 - Seek more active involvement at Water resource managers meetings and conferences (e.g, AWRA, NIDIS, AMS, etc.)

  • Water Management Program Workshop June 13-14, 2006 - College Park, MD

    Workshop Objectives • Review NASA Water Management Program activities and identify opportunities for consideration • Networking between Water Management-funded investigators

    Water Working Group (Working Group Charter Developed and Approved) 1) Jim Carleton - EPA 2) Don Frevert - US Bureau of Reclamation 3) Thomas Graziano – NOAA NWS/OHD 4) Brian Parsons - American Society of Civil Engineers 5) Dale Straw - Colorado Div. of Water Resources 6) Mike Thomas - Florida Environment Protection 7) Kathleen White – Army Corp of Engineers

    Recommendations & Major Action Action Items Taken (Status) • Shorter and more concise Water Management Program Plan with functional themes - Revisit setting of priorities in terms of vision for the next 5-years. - Indicate what we are doing and the vision driving it. • Join and participate in the Interagency (led by USGS) ACWI-SOH • Participate in prioritized meetings and groups ASCE 2007, NIDIS, & Western Governors’ Association • Specific recommendations included: 1) Prioritize water quality in program (FY07 and beyond) 2) Include thermal band in Landsat Data Continuity Mission 3) Coordinate Project Reporting. Include Quarterly Updates.

  • Water Management – Current/Future Directions

    Theme Current Future

    • Irrigation & Water Climate forecasts (W. US) & Enhanced forecasts (esp. Eastern US)

    Delivery snowmelt run-off, reservoirs

    Regional ET- Aggett Int’l Activities (Africa, S. America w/ IGWCO)

    Regional ET - Hendrickx

    AWARD