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What we learned last lesson?

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What we learned last lesson?. '3 Things'. Swap your three things in pairs Try to get at least five significant things between you. Describe 3 things that you remember as significant about last lesson. Date. Castle. Strengths. Weaknesses. 11 th C. Motte and Bailey. 11 th C. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of What we learned last lesson?

  • What we learned last lesson?Describe 3 things that you remember as significant about last lesson.Swap your three things in pairsTry to get at least five significant things between you.

  • Wood burnsCan be cut downHigh upDitchFast to buildCapture wall take whole buildingStone WallCorners can be mined or batteredThick stone wallsEntrance above ground levelOnly betrayal by someoneOrVery long siege2 or 3 wallsInside wall higher than outerStrong gatehouseRound towers

  • Castle BuildersMasonsSmithsCarpentersPlumbersPlasterersPaintersPaversQuarrymenMortarmixersShape metalWork with lead for pipes & roofsPainting pictures inside castleDig stone from groundMake mortar to bind stones togetherCarve and lay stoneCut, join and carve woodLay floorsPlastering the wallsCarve and lay stoneCut, join and carve woodWork with lead for pipes & roofsPlastering the wallsPainting pictures inside castleLay floorsDig stone from groundMake mortar to bind stones togetherShape metalTask

  • In pairs, discuss 3 things you would like to learn about attacking and defending a castle.Remember to pose (ask) a question.i.e. write down 3 questions you would like answered today.

  • Q1. Where was the best place to site a castle?Q2.What were the main defences of a castle?Q3.Why did the defences have to improve?Q4. What methods were used to attack castles?Q5. What type of weapons were used?

  • Skills working togetherproblem solvingpresenting a case

  • Where to build a castle?Key: Best defensive positione.g. top of hill/high groundnext to rivernear crossroads move troops quicklynear town/village control people & food suppliesprotect river crossings

    Other factors: near drinking waternear forest/wood

  • Where to build a castle12534GroupWork8 mins

  • Castle DefencesAnswer the following using full sentences:

    In your own words explain why castles were built:a) on a hillb) on the banks of a riverc) near crossroads?

    2.Why were castles built near towns?IndividualWork

  • Why were defences so important?Had to be safe from attackMake it difficult for the enemy to break inWooden keepmottebaileypalisadedrawbridgeGate look-outditch???????

  • Where were the weak points of the motte and bailey castle?gatewallskeep

    Why weak?Solutions?

  • Existing castles were slowly improvedStone KeepCurtain wallInner baileyPortcullis drawbridgecrenellationArrow loopsgatehousewellOuter curtain wall

  • Stone Castle Defenceshigh, thick wallsmachicolationsbattlementsdrawbridgegatehousehoardingsarrow loopsTowers & turretsportcullismoat

  • Battlementscrenellationwhere fighting was done

  • Gate DefencesSpeed important had to close off castle quickly2 portcullises could trap the enemyMurder holes could be used to pour throw hot tar or water, crush enemy with stones or fire at them with arrows

  • Why?MethodsofAttackImproved

  • Besieging a CastleAttackingSiege towercrossbowslongbowmangonelladders

  • Types of catapultsFired missiles at or over wallFired missiles over wall:StonesDead animalsHeads of the enemy

  • Attacking the GateTortoiseBreak down gates or smash the walls

  • Other Siege WeaponsFor use on square keep or square towersSappers tent

  • aedcbName each weapon labelled:abcdefIndividualWorkf

  • Castle DefencesHow were soldiers protected on the battlements?Draw an arrow loop and explain its purpose.Give 2 advantages of round towers in a curtain wall.Describe 3 methods used to defend the castle gate. Include a picture of one of these defences.IndividualWork

  • Siege WeaponsQuiz what am I?Identify each weapon from the cryptic clue:When the catch of my big spoon is released I fling out a huge stone with great force. What am I?I protect miners while they dig under a square keep. What am I?I use powder and flame to fire metal balls over the castle walls. I was not invented until the 13th C. What am I?

    IndividualWork

  • Siege WeaponsWith my sling I throw stones or dead animals over the castle wall. What am I?I can be wheeled up to the wall to allow attackers to climb onto the wall. What am I?I am used to break down the gate? What am I?I am made of metal and rope and help the soldiers climb up castle walls? What am I?IndividualWork

  • Siege WeaponsQuiz what am I?Identify each weapon from the cryptic clue:When the catch of my big spoon is released I fling out a huge stone with great force. What am I?I protect miners while they dig under a square keep. What am I?I use powder and flame to fire metal balls over the castle walls. I was not invented until the 13th C. What am I?

    IndividualWorkmangonelPenthouse or sappers tentcannon

  • Siege WeaponsWith my sling I throw stones or dead animals over the castle wall. What am I?I can be wheeled up to the wall to allow attackers to climb onto the wall. What am I?I am used to break down the gate? What am I?I am made of metal and rope and help the soldiers climb up castle walls? What am I?IndividualWorktrebuchetsiege towerbattering ramgrappling hook

  • Lets have funBeat the Examiner Design a quiz on this topicStraight forward questions?Cryptic clues?Multiple choice?Matching activity + red herrings?Crossword puzzle?

    Participative Review: 1 min individual; 2-3 mins in pairs whole group contributions. Use model maps.Prompt contributions by asking them to describe what they have been talking about not they remember.