Whats Up DOT? IARP Occupational Database Committee IARP Forensic Conference Hyatt Regency Bonaventure Weston, Florida October 31, 2008

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Whats Up DOT? IARP Occupational Database Committee IARP Forensic Conference Hyatt Regency Bonaventure Weston, Florida October 31, 2008 Slide 2 Scope of Project IODC formed spring 2007 IODC formed spring 2007 Purpose: Purpose: Identify replacement of DOTIdentify replacement of DOT Focus: Focus: research past efforts to update DOTresearch past efforts to update DOT current uses of DOT & O*NETcurrent uses of DOT & O*NET identify & evaluate other occupational databasesidentify & evaluate other occupational databases develop support to update/replace DOTdevelop support to update/replace DOT Slide 3 Scope of Project Identified two occupational databases: eDOT, a product of Economic Research Institute; McDOT, a product of Vocationology, Inc. Identified two occupational databases: eDOT, a product of Economic Research Institute; McDOT, a product of Vocationology, Inc. Third database, based on the Common Metric Questionnaire (CMQ) may be ready in few years Third database, based on the Common Metric Questionnaire (CMQ) may be ready in few years Arranged to have training and use of these databases for study purposes. Arranged to have training and use of these databases for study purposes. First, needed to learn more about DOT First, needed to learn more about DOT Slide 4 History of the DOT Following Civil War, U.S. and Census Bureau began to classify occupations Following Civil War, U.S. and Census Bureau began to classify occupations First occupational dictionary: 1927, A Dictionary of Occupational Terms, Great Britain Ministry of Labour First occupational dictionary: 1927, A Dictionary of Occupational Terms, Great Britain Ministry of Labour Wagner Peyser Act, 1933: United States Employment Service (USES)-- match workers with jobs. Wagner Peyser Act, 1933: United States Employment Service (USES)-- match workers with jobs. Slide 5 History of the DOT Work on the DOT began around the same time; 1 st Edition 1939 Work on the DOT began around the same time; 1 st Edition 1939 Subsequent editions published 1949, 1965, 1977 Subsequent editions published 1949, 1965, 1977 Supplements came out 1982, 86, 91 Supplements came out 1982, 86, 91 20 new occupations added in 1998 20 new occupations added in 1998 Intended purpose: to assist USES in placing workers in jobs. Intended purpose: to assist USES in placing workers in jobs. 1 st Edition: skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled 1 st Edition: skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled Slide 6 History of the DOT 1965 edition: worker traits, worker functions (Data, People, Things), Occupational Group Arrangements 1965 edition: worker traits, worker functions (Data, People, Things), Occupational Group Arrangements 1977 edition: ~75,000 job analyses; 2,100+ new occupations; eliminated gender bias in job titles and descriptions; included detailed worker characteristics (SCO) 1977 edition: ~75,000 job analyses; 2,100+ new occupations; eliminated gender bias in job titles and descriptions; included detailed worker characteristics (SCO) 1986 ed. added 761 new occupations 1986 ed. added 761 new occupations 1991 added 844, deleted 208; added GOE codes, GED, SVP, DLU 1991 added 844, deleted 208; added GOE codes, GED, SVP, DLU Slide 7 History of the DOT Each definition includes: code, title, industry designation, alternate titles, body of definition, undefined related titles, and definition trailer (GOE, strength, GED-RML, SVP, DLU) Each definition includes: code, title, industry designation, alternate titles, body of definition, undefined related titles, and definition trailer (GOE, strength, GED-RML, SVP, DLU) Basic concepts described in the DOT occupational definitions: element, task, position, job, and occupation. Basic concepts described in the DOT occupational definitions: element, task, position, job, and occupation. Slide 8 History of the DOT Major elements of an occupation: Major elements of an occupation: What the worker does (data, people, things)What the worker does (data, people, things) What gets done (work fields-WF)What gets done (work fields-WF) Skill level to perform this work (SVP)Skill level to perform this work (SVP) End product (materials, products, subject matter and services-MPSMS)End product (materials, products, subject matter and services-MPSMS) Slide 9 History of the DOT DOT 4 classification systems: DOT 4 classification systems: by job content (OGA)by job content (OGA) by worker function (DPT)by worker function (DPT) by industry affiliation (Industry Designation)by industry affiliation (Industry Designation) alphabetically by titlealphabetically by title Slide 10 History of the DOT Job analysis basis of the DOT Job analysis basis of the DOT National Research Council (1999) defines occupational [job] analysis: "the tools and methods used to describe and label work, positions, jobs and occupations" National Research Council (1999) defines occupational [job] analysis: "the tools and methods used to describe and label work, positions, jobs and occupations" DOT defines an occupation as: a collective description of individual jobs performed, with minor variations, in many establishments DOT defines an occupation as: a collective description of individual jobs performed, with minor variations, in many establishments Slide 11 History of the DOT The Handbook for Analyzing Jobs job analysis methodology used in creation of DOT. The Handbook for Analyzing Jobs job analysis methodology used in creation of DOT. HAJ first published in 1944; 4 th Edition in 1991 (RHAJ). HAJ first published in 1944; 4 th Edition in 1991 (RHAJ). 1972 Edition published halfway through completion of 1977 DOT. 1972 Edition published halfway through completion of 1977 DOT. Two primary formats in job analysis: work- orientedwhat gets done; and worker- orientedwhat the worker does. HAJ/RHAJ uses both formats Two primary formats in job analysis: work- orientedwhat gets done; and worker- orientedwhat the worker does. HAJ/RHAJ uses both formats Slide 12 History of the DOT The Selected Characteristics of Occupations Defined in the Revised Dictionary of Occupational Titles (1993) The Selected Characteristics of Occupations Defined in the Revised Dictionary of Occupational Titles (1993) 1st edition 1966, updates in 1968, 1981, and 1993. 1st edition 1966, updates in 1968, 1981, and 1993. Includes DOT titles arranged by: GOE; SVP; strength; physical demands; environmental conditions; index of titles with DOT codes; definitions of the worker traits and functions Includes DOT titles arranged by: GOE; SVP; strength; physical demands; environmental conditions; index of titles with DOT codes; definitions of the worker traits and functions Slide 13 History of the DOT Positive factors of the DOT: Positive factors of the DOT: use of skilled job analystsuse of skilled job analysts task level descriptionstask level descriptions foundation built upon data people thingsfoundation built upon data people things Worker traits, characteristicsWorker traits, characteristics Useful for TSA: MPSMS, WF, SVPUseful for TSA: MPSMS, WF, SVP Attempt to cover national economyAttempt to cover national economy Depth of informationDepth of information Slide 14 Development of the DOT Sample for DOT: all jobs in the US economy Sample for DOT: all jobs in the US economy County Business Patterns/Thomas Registry used to identify # establishments in each industry. County Business Patterns/Thomas Registry used to identify # establishments in each industry. Industries assigned to one of 11 field centers average 42 industries/field center Industries assigned to one of 11 field centers average 42 industries/field center any industry designation given to one field office any industry designation given to one field office Slide 15 Development of the DOT Each analyst identified which establishments to contact Each analyst identified which establishments to contact Attempt to include one small, one medium and one large size establishment for each industry, and to focus on new and emerging occupations. Attempt to include one small, one medium and one large size establishment for each industry, and to focus on new and emerging occupations. No clear supervision during process. No clear supervision during process. Appeared primary criteria for selecting establishment proximity to field office Appeared primary criteria for selecting establishment proximity to field office Employers: right of refusal; no incentives Employers: right of refusal; no incentives Slide 16 Development of the DOT Employers controlled which jobs were analyzed, and which employees were chosen for analysis. Employers controlled which jobs were analyzed, and which employees were chosen for analysis. Analyst chose which jobs to observe. Analyst chose which jobs to observe. If job analyzed for the 3 rd Edition, may complete abbreviated analysis or none at all. If job analyzed for the 3 rd Edition, may complete abbreviated analysis or none at all. If another analyst had recently completed a similar analysis, none would be done. If another analyst had recently completed a similar analysis, none would be done. Observe 1-2 workers per job. Observe 1-2 workers per job. Slide 17 Development of the DOT Variety methods to record data: HAJ format; abbreviated format; or simple notes. Variety methods to record data: HAJ format; abbreviated format; or simple notes. Analysts not allowed to bring in tools or equipment to measure certain aspects of jobs estimation and observation only. Analysts not allowed to bring in tools or equipment to measure certain aspects of jobs estimation and observation only. Methods for rating worker traits were vague particularly for aptitudes, temperaments and interests. Methods for rating worker traits were vague particularly for aptitudes, temperaments and interests. Slide 18 Updates of the DOT Much time has passed since any onsite job analyses of DOT occupations Much time has passed since any onsite job analyses of DOT occu