Wildfire Suppression In Fire Dependent Forests By Jessica Tancordo

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Wildfire Suppression Policy and Wildlife

Wildfire Suppression In Fire Dependent ForestsBy Jessica TancordoIn the BeginningEarly settlers and Native Americans used fire as land management tool.Severe fire seasons in the 20th century brought about policies that suppressed every fire that started, but later policies would change.As wildfire suppression continued, natural fuels from dense amounts of leaf litter and duff layer built up causing wildfires to be even greater when they occurred.

Prescribed BurningFirefighters start and observe fires in order to allow fire dependent forests to have a chance at regrowth.Benefits in reduction of hazardous fuels, allows germination of plants, improves wildlife habitat, disposal of logging debris, disease control, and possible decrease in non-native plant species.

Wildland Urban Interface

Wish you were this guy?How about now?Pine PocosinsConiferous, pyrophitic woodlandsFound in SE Virginia, North Carolina, and NE South CarolinaHigh and Low PocosinsForest consists of Pond Pines and very dense shrubs with large amounts of peat.

Pine BarrensFound in NE United States from NJ to MEHome to plants such as Pitch Pine, Jack Pine, Wild Lupine and Scrub Oak

GrasslandsShrublands- typically dry and prone to accumulations of highly volatile fuelsGrasslands- burns readily because fire has to go through stems and leaves of herbaceous plants, lightly heats soil allowing for decomposition and recycling of nutrients.Savannas- herbaceous level with little to no mature trees, fires suppress tree growth but allow for open landscapes.

Wildlife in Fire Dependent Forests

Wildlife in Fire Dependent Forests

Picture referenceshttp://www.californiachaparral.com/images/555_Indian_Burning_II.jpghttp://csfs.colostate.edu/images/photos/1669012.jpghttp://wildfirelessons.net/uploads/mod_073.jpghttp://ffsl.utah.gov/images/fire/NewHarmony.jpghttp://envirosci.net/111/succession/lodgepole_fire.jpghttp://envirosci.net/111/succession/sequoia_scar.jpghttp://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural_heritage/natural_communities/images/PIVa_photo_500.JPGhttp://hikeexplorer.squarespace.com/southeastern-coastal-marshland/http://www.nswildflora.ca/specPics/Ocotillo/Blandford1/JackPineBarrensB8.jpghttp://www.grasslandsgouldians.com/save_the_gouldian_fund_files/Fire.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Shawangunk_Grasslands_NWR.jpghttp://seekraz.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/moose-grazing.jpg?w=950&h=716http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/PHOTO/LARGE/w_meadowlark_simspecies_ganeshjayaraman.jpghttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/-iXe0O7F15og/T4v1arwvffI/AAAAAAAAA2A/KP81mYSJnNY/s1600/Delmarva-Fox-Squirrel-D3S5480.jpghttp://www.fs.fed.us/rmrs/images/bark-beetle/bark-beetle.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/60/Wasp_stripping_wood.jpghttp://www.lejeune.usmc.mil/EMD/soils/lowpocosin.jpg

Literature referenceshttp://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural_heritage/natural_communities/ncPIVa.shtmlhttp://www.nhptv.org/wild/pinebarrens.asphttp://www.nps.gov/seki/naturescience/fic_firerole.htmhttp://www.woodlandstewardseries.com/landowner-information-for-managing-woodland/documents/Fireasaforestrytool.pdfhttp://dcm2.enr.state.nc.us/wetlands/coastal_explorers/cpfmodule/bays/bays_organic2.htm