Wolf and Coyote Trapping, by
A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
Produced by Linda M. Everhart, Blairstown, Missouri
Wolf and Coyote
An Up-to-Date Wolf Hunter's Guide, Giving the
Most Successful Methods of Experienced
"Wolfers" for Hunting and Trapping
These Animals, Also Gives
Their Habits in Detail.
A. R. HARDING
A. R. HARDING PUB. CO.
By A. R. HARDING PUB. CO.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
I. The Timber Wolf
II. The Coyote
III. Killing of Stock and Game by Wolves
V. Hunting Young Wolves and Coyotes
VI. Hunting Wolves with Dogs
VII. Still Hunting Wolves and Coyotes
VIII. Poisoning Wolves
IX. Trapping Wolves
X. Scents and Baits
XI. Scent Methods
XII. Bait Methods for Wolves
XIII. Southern Bait Methods for Coyotes
XIV. Northern Bait Methods for Coyotes
XV. Blind Set Methods
XVI. Snow Set Methods
XVII. Some Rules and Things to Remember
XVIII. The Treacherous Grey Wolf
XIX. Wolf Catching
XX. With the Coyotes
XXI. Wolf Trapping an Art
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Map Showing the Range of the Timber Wolf
Western Grey Wolf in a Trap
Track of the Grey Wolf
Coyote and Badger Killed in Texas
A Trapped Coyote
Track of the Coyote
Wolves Killing a Deer
Remains of Deer Killed by Wolves
Diagrams showing Difference in Size of Wolves and Coyotes
A Wyoming Wolf Den
A Near View of the Den
Young Wolves at Entrance of Den
The Hunter's Outfit
An Oklahoma Hunter with Young Coyotes
Catch of a Canadian Hunter
A Still Hunter and His Outfit
Killed by the Still Hunt
Method of Preparing Poison Baits
The Newhouse Wolf Trap
The Two-Pronged Drag
Method of Attaching an Oblong Stone
Method of Attaching a Triangular Stone
Iron Stakes for Traps
Trap Set and Ready for Covering
Wyoming Wolf Trapper
Caught in a Scent Set
Trail Bait Set
The Square Setting
Coyote Caught at a Bank Set
Wolf Water Set
A Trapped Wolf
A Trapped Texas Coyote
A Northern Coyote
An Idaho Coyote
A Trail Set
Traps Set at Badger Den
A Good Catch
A Snow Set
A Large Wisconsin Wolf
Mr. Davis with the Big Wolf Skins
A Texas Specimen
Caught at Last
A Northern Wolf
There are certain wild animals which when hard pressed by severe cold and hunger, will raid
the farmers and ranchmen's yards, killing fowls and stock. There however, are no animals that
destroy so much stock as wolves and coyotes as they largely live upon the property of farmers,
settlers and ranchmen to which they add game as they can get it.
While these animals are trapped, shot, poisoned, hunted with dogs, etc., their numbers, in
some states, seem to be on the increase rather than the decrease in face of the fact that heavy
bounties are offered.
The fact that wolf and coyote scalps command a bounty, in many states, and in addition their
pelts are valuable, makes the hunting and trapping of these animals of no little importance.
One thing that has helped to keep the members of these "howlers" so numerous is the fact
that they are among the shrewdest animal in America. The day of their extermination is, no
doubt, far in the distance.
This book contains much of value to those who expect to follow the business of catching
wolves and coyotes. A great deal of the habits and many of the methods were written by Mr. E.
Kreps, who has had experience with these animals upon the Western Plains, in Canada, and the
South. Additional information has been secured from Government Bulletins and experienced
"wolfers" from various parts of America.
A. R. Harding.
WOLF AND COYOTE TRAPPING
THE TIMBER WOLF.
Wolves of all species belong to that class of animals known as the dog family, the members
of which are considered to be the most intelligent of brute animals. They are found, in one
species or another, in almost every part of the world. They are strictly carnivorous and are
beyond all doubt the most destructive of all wild animals.
In general appearance the wolf resembles a large dog having erect ears, elongated muzzle,
long heavy fur and bushy tail. The size and color varies considerably as there are many varieties.
The wolves of North America may be divided into two distinct groups, namely, the large
timber wolves, and the prairie wolves or coyotes (ki'-yote). Of the timber wolves there are a
number of varieties, perhaps species, for there is considerable difference in size and color. For
instance there is the small black wolf which is still found in Florida, and the large Arctic wolf
which is found in far Northern Canada and Alaska, the color of which is a pure white with a
black tip to the tail. Then there is that intermediate variety known as the Grey Wolf, also called
"Timber Wolf," "Lobo" and "Wolf," the latter indefinite name being used throughout the West to
distinguish the animal from the prairie species. It is the most common of the American wolves,
the numbers of this variety being in excess of all of the others combined. In addition to those
mentioned, there are others such as the Red Wolf of Texas and the Brindled Wolf of Mexico. All
of these, however, belong to the group known to naturalists as the Timber Wolves. Just how
many species and how many distinct varieties there are is not known.
As a rule, the largest wolves are found in the North; the Gray Wolves of the western plains
being slightly smaller than the white and Dusky Wolves of Northern Canada and Alaska,
specimens of which, it is said, sometimes weigh as much as one hundred and fifty pounds. Again
the wolves of the southern part of the United States and of Mexico are smaller than the gray
The Range of the Timber Wolf.
The average full grown wolf will measure about five feet in length, from the end of the nose
to the tip of the tail, and will weigh from eighty to one hundred pounds, but specimens have been
killed which far exceeded these figures. The prevailing color is gray, being darkest on the back
and dusky on the shoulders and hips. The tail is very bushy and the fur of the body is long and
shaggy. The ears are erect and pointed, the muzzle long and heavy, the eyes brown and
considering the fierce, bloodthirsty nature of the animal, have a very gentle expression.
In early days wolves were found in all parts of the country but they have been exterminated
or driven out of the thickly settled portions and their present distribution in the United States is
shown by the accompanying map. As will be noted they are found in only a small portion of
Nevada and none are found in California, but they are to be met with in all other states west of
the Missouri and the lower Mississippi, also all of the most southern tier of states, as well as
those parts bordering on Lake Superior. A few are yet found in the Smokey Mountains of North
Carolina and Tennessee. They are probably most abundant in Northern Michigan and Northern
Minnesota, Western Wyoming, Montana and New Mexico.
Wyoming is the center of the wolf infested country and they are found in greatest numbers in
that state, on the headwaters of the Green River. As to the numbers still found the report of the
Biological Survey for the years 1895 to 1906, inclusive, but not including the year 1898, shows
that bounties were paid on 20,819 wolves in that state.
In Northern Michigan they are also abundant. In the year 1907, thirty-four wolves were
killed in Ontonagon County; in Luce County fifty-four were killed up to November 10th, '07,
and in Schoolcraft Co., thirty were killed from October 1st, '07 to April 29th, '08. This gives a
total of one hundred and eighteen wolves killed in three out of the sixteen counties of the Upper
Peninsula. These statistics are from a pamphlet issued by the Department of Agriculture.
The breeding season of the timber wolves is not as definite as that of many of the furbearing
animals, for the young make their appearance from early in March until in May, and an
occasional litter will be born during the summer, even as late as August. The mating season of
course varies, but is mainly in January and February, the period of gestation being nine weeks.
The number in a litter varies from five to thirteen, the usual number being eight or ten.
In early days the wolves of the western plains followed the great buffalo herds and preyed on
the young animals, also the old and feeble. After the extermination of that animal they turned
their attention to the herds of cattle which soon covered the great western range and their
depredations have become a positive nuisance. In the Northern States and throughout Canada
they subsist almost entirely on wild game.
Western Grey Wolf in a Trap.
Wolves den in the ground or rocks in natural dens if such can be found, but in case natural
excavations are rare as in northern portions of the country, they appropriate and enlarge the
homes of other animals. In the heavily timbered country they sometimes den in hollow logs.
The wolf is both cowardly and courageous, depending on circumstances. When found singly,
and especially in daylight the animal is as much of a coward as any creature could possibly be,
and especially does it fear man. But when suffering from the pangs of hunger and when traveling
in bands as they usually do, they are bold, fierce and bloodthirsty creatures. In such cases they
have been known to attack man.
When hunting large game, wolves always go in bands, usually of three to five but often a