Workshop on Climate Change Mainstreaming into Higher Education Institutes, Bahir Dar

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Carbon offsets in African smallholder farms - and ecological and economic way to counterbalance the global climate change Veli Pohjonen Tana-Beles WME project, Ethiopia / University of Helsinki. Workshop on Climate Change Mainstreaming into Higher Education Institutes, Bahir Dar - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Carbon offsets in African smallholder farms- and ecological and economic way to counterbalance the global climate change

    Veli PohjonenTana-Beles WME project, Ethiopia / University of HelsinkiWorkshop on Climate Change Mainstreaming into Higher Education Institutes, Bahir Dar14 January 2011

  • CO2 in our airDespite climate conventions in Kyoto, Copenhagen and Cancun:

    CO2 concentration of the air is rising

    24 per cent between 1958 - 2010

  • CO2 in Mauna Loa, Hawaiji 1958-2010

  • Two ways to combatThrough the sources: reduce CO2 emissions. Attempted for 20 years in the polluting countries Through the sinks: increase Carbon Offsets to trees. Ecological way.

  • Carbon Offsets to treesConserve and manage the existing natural forests

    Establish block plantations

    Smallholder farms

  • Carbon Offsets in smallholder farms Plant treesCount the trees in year 1Define the carbon stock in year 1 (= A, tn C/farm)Recount the trees in year 2Define the carbon stock in year 2 (= B, tn C/farm)Carbon Offset = B A (tn C/farm/yr)

  • Ato Minale Hailu, Gelawdeos, Dera: A= 5.0 tn C/farm, B= 5.5 tn C/farmCarbon Offset B-A = 0.5 tn C/farm/yr

  • Excel model: Ato Minale Hailu A12.11.2009

  • Excel model: Ato Minale Hailu B23.11.2010

  • Carbon Offsets into MoneyAto Minale Hailus Carbon Offsets

    A = 5.044 tn C/farmB = 5.465 tn C/farm

    B-A = 0.421 tn C/farm/yr

    How much in Birr is the Carbon Offset B-A ?

  • Counterbalancing Pricing principlePolluter in Europe must pay for the CO2 emissions (http://www.ecx.eu/ )Price of CO2 = 15.08 Euro / tn CO2Price of C = 55.29 Euro / tn C (factor 44/12)Price of C = 1236 Birr / tn (exch rate 22.35)Tree farmer should be paid 1236 Birr per tn Offsetted Carbon

  • Ato Minale Hailu: Birr value of Offsetted Carbon

    Carbon Offset in one year (12.11.2009 23.11.2010), B-A = 0.421 tn C/farm/yrPrice of Carbon 1236 Birr / tn C

    Value of Offsetted Carbon: 526 Birr / yr

  • How to organize Carbon Offset trade?Ato Minale Hailu and co-farmers group into Forest Producers Organization (FPO)FPO buys once a year the Carbon Offsets from member farmersFPO sells the Carbon Offsets to Ethiopian Carbon Offset Export AgencyThe Export Agency sells the Carbon Offsets to International Carbon Trade markets

  • Challenges for trainingDefining the carbon stock, development of the Excel modelMonitoring & Evaluation (M &E) of the Carbon stock in Forest Producers Organization and in the single farmsUse of IT technology (mobile phones, GPS) in carbon data communication, carbon payments and M & E

  • Ecological advantagesCarbon Offsets trade encourages farmers to plant more treesPlanting of trees further away from all weather road increasesPlanting of trees on most eroded sites increases

    Perpetuum Mobile (PM) Plantarum Mobile

  • Economic advantagesFarmers get added value from planted treesThe value of Atana-based smallholder forestry increases annually by about 10 per centPlayers are many (e.g. 12.2 mill. Smallholders in Ethiopia)Carbon offsets are to be understood as export article from forestry, like exporting atanas to SudanA new export article is added to Ethiopian international trade

  • Model to other AfricaSmallholder tree planting is on a good drive in Ethiopia, especially in Amhara regionFarmers are motivated especially after successful steps in land tenure and certificationForestry training in universities and colleges has long traditions in EthiopiaEthiopia is already converting into Carbon Tower of Africa. This accelerates with Carbon tradingEthiopia can thus be the model for the other Africa

  • Carbon Tower of African Horn

  • Thank youveli.pohjonen@gmail.com

    http://veli.pohjonen.org