World Intellectual Property Indicators-2009

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WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS

2009

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS

2009 Edition

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS, 2009

III

FOREWORDWith the increasing importance of knowledge as a driving force of innovation and economic growth worldwide, IP rights are becoming central to the modern economy. This is particularly true in the context of current global challenges which include economic recession, the challenges of climate change, and public policy issues such as health and food security. In all of these cases, human creativity and inventiveness will be essential to finding solutions for a sustainable future, and IP rights are an important tool for stimulating and rewarding that creativity.This report is intended to give a detailed and comprehensive view of the current state of the utilization of different forms of IP rights world wide. Because of the time required to collect and publish statistics, the impact of the economic recession in 2008 is not fully reflected in this report, although signs of a slowdown in the use of IP rights can be seen already in 2007. In spite of this slowdown, 760,000 patents were issued and almost 2.2 million trademarks were registered around the world in 2007. Preliminary figures for 2008 indicate that growth rates in the numbers of applications for new IP rights are tending towards zero, or declining, as the recession takes full effect. History has shown, however, that companies and countries which continue to invest in new products and innovation during times of economic recession will be those that will be best positioned to take advantage of the recovery, when it arrives.

IP statistics help us to understand the role of the IP system in stimulating and diffusing innovation, promoting markets for new products, and rewarding creativity. They also contribute to discussions and to the formulation of effective IP policies for addressing a wide range of public policy concerns. The statistical indicators provided in this report allow users to analyze and monitor the latest trends in IP activity based on objective and detailed information. World Intellectual Property Indicators 2009 (henceforth, World IP Indicators) is a new publication and successor to the World Patent Report. This report is the output of a continuing effort at WIPO to provide accurate and timely IP data that are freely and universally accessible. The use of the IP system to protect IP rights varies across countries. Therefore, it is important to take into account all forms of IP rights in order to have a comprehensive overview. This edition of the World IP Indicators focuses on four areas of industrial property: patents, utility models, trademarks and industrial designs. Statistics are reported for as many countries or IP offices as possible, with a special effort to report on emerging economies. All statistics included in this report and additional data are available for download from WIPOs IP statistics website: www.wipo.int/ipstats/en/statistics/. I would like to thank the Member States and national and regional offices for sharing their annual statistics with WIPO and I look forward to our continued cooperation.

Francis GURRY Director General

Readers are welcome to use the information provided in this report, but are requested to cite WIPO as the source. Tables and graphs can be downloaded at http://www.wipo.int/ipstats/en/.

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS, 2009

V

TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S HIGHLIGHTS M E T H O D O L O G Y A N D D ATA S O U R C E S S E C T I O N A . PAT E N T I N D I C AT O R S PAT E N T F I L I N G SA.1. A.2. A.3. A.4. A.5. A.6. A.7. A.8. A.9. A.10. A.11. A.12. A.13. A.14. A.15. A.16. A.17. A.18. A.19. A.20. A.21. Total Patent Filings Trends in Patent Filings by Office Total Resident and Non-Resident Patent Filings Patent Filings by Office Patent Filings by Origin Patent Filings by Origin and Office Patent Filings in Selected Emerging Countries Patent Families Foreign-Oriented Patent Families by Origin and Office Relative Specialization Index (RSI) of Patent Families by Origin and Office Total Patent Filings by Technology Foreign-Oriented Patent Families by Origin and Technology Relative Specialization Index (RSI) of Foreign-Oriented Patent Families by Origin and Technology Patent Filings Through The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT): International Phase Patent Filings Through The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) by Applicant Type Non-Resident Patent Filings by Filing Route PCT National/Regional Phase Entries by Origin and Office PCT Filings with Foreign Inventors Patent Filings per Gross Domestic Product Patent Filings per Research and Development (R&D) Expenditure Patent Filings and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditure Relationship 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

8 12 13

PAT E N T G R A N T S A N D I N F O R C EA.22. A.23. A.24. A.25. A.26. A.27. A.28. A.29. Total Patent Grants Trends in Patent Grants By Office Patent Grants by Office Patent Grants by Origin Patent Grants by Origin and Office Patent Grants in Selected Emerging Countries Patents in Force Age Profile of Patents in Force 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

O P P O S I T I O N A N D I N VA L I D AT I O N O F PAT E N T SA.30. Opposition and Invalidation of Patent Grants 43

PAT E N T O F F I C E W O R K L O A DA.31. Patent Backlogs A.32. Average Pendency Time by Patent Office 44 45

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WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS, 2009

S E C T I O N B . U T I L I T Y M O D E L I N D I C AT O R S UTILITY MODEL FILINGSB.1. Utility Model Filings

4647

UTILITY MODEL GRANTSB.2. Utility Model Grants 48

S E C T I O N C . T R A D E M A R K I N D I C AT O R S T R A D E M A R K A P P L I C AT I O N SC.1. C.2. C.3. C.4. C.5. C.6. C.7. C.8. C.9. Total Trademark Applications Trends in Trademark Applications by Office Trademark Applications by Office Trademark Applications by Origin Trademark Applications by Origin and Office Trademark Applications by Office and Class Trademark Applications by Class International Trademark Registrations and Renewals Through The Madrid System International Trademark Registrations and Renewals by Origin and Designation Through The Madrid System C.10. Subsequent Designations of International Trademark Registrations Through the Madrid System C.11. Non-Resident Trademark Applications by Filing Route C.12. Trademark Applications per Gross Domestic Product

4950 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

T R A D E M A R K R E G I S T R AT I O N SC.13. C.14. C.15. C.16. C.17. Total Trademark Registrations Trends in Trademark Registrations by Office Trademark Registrations by Office Trademark Registrations by Origin Trademarks in Force 62 63 64 65 66

S E C T I O N D . I N D U S T R I A L D E S I G N I N D I C AT O R S I N D U S T R I A L D E S I G N A P P L I C AT I O N SD.1. D.2. D.3. D.4. D.5. D.6. D.7. D.8. Total Industrial Design Applications Trends in Industrial Design Applications by Office Industrial Design Applications by Office Industrial Design Applications by Origin Industrial Design Registrations Through The Hague System Multiple Design International Registrations and all Renewals Through The Hague System International Industrial Design Registrations and Renewals by Origin and Designation Through The Hague System Non-Resident Industrial Design Applications by Filing Route

6768 69 70 71 72 73 74 75

I N D U S T R I A L D E S I G N R E G I S T R AT I O N SD.9. Total Industrial Design Registrations D.10. Industrial Design Registrations by Office and Origin D.11. Industrial Designs in Force 76 77 78

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS, 2009

VII

ANNEXES AND GLOSSARY ANNEX ARelative Specialization Index of Foreign-Oriented Patent Families by Origin and Technology, 2002-2006

79

80

ANNEX BTop PCT Applicants, 2008 82 83

GLOSSARY S TAT I S T I C A L TA B L E S 7Table Table Table Table Patent Filings by Origin and Office, 2007 Patent Grants and Patents in Force by Origin and Office, 2007 Trademark Applications by Origin and Office, 2007 Trademark Registrations and Trademarks in Force by Origin and Office, 2007 Table ST.5. Industrial Design Applications by Origin and Office, 2007 Table ST.6. Industrial Design Registrations and Industrial Designs in Force by Origin and Office, 2007 Table ST.7. Patent Filings and Trademark Applications Intensity by Origin, 2007 ST.1. ST.2. ST.3. ST.4.

8788 92 95 99 102 104 106

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WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDICATORS, 2009

HIGHLIGHTSPATENTSA slowdown in the growth rate of patent filings and grants.

In 2007, patent filings increased 3.7%, compared to a 5.2% increase in the previous year. Despite this slowdown, around 1.85 million applications were filed across the world in 2007. The figures show the early effects of the global economic downturn on patent filings and the available data for 2008 point toward a further slowdown in patent filings. At the global level, international patent filings through the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) have been increasing at a slower rate since 2005. The total number of PCT filings in 2008 is estimated at 163,600, representing a 2.3% increase from the 2007 level. Applicants from the US accounted for 32.7% of all PCT filings. Total world patent grants grew by 1.6% and are estimated at around 0.76 million. The 2007 growth rate of patent grants is significantly lower than that of the previous year, which is mostly due to a substantial decrease in the number of patents issued by the European Patent Office and by the patent office of the United States of America.

Concentration of patent filings and grants.