Text of World War I World War I is also known as: The First World War The Great War The War to end all Wars
World War I
World War I is also known as:
The First World War
The Great War
The War to end all Wars
The people had not experienced a WORLD WAR before and they didn't expect to have another world war. So, it wasn't until the 2nd World War came along that the war from 1914 to 1918 was referred to as "World War 1".
Causes of World War I
It is important to remember that no one event or person caused this war.
The causes of this war can be broken down into the
Militarism Alliances ImperialismNationalism
The Assassination of the
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
June 28th, 1914
By the group called:
The Black Hand
A Serbian terrorist group, called The Black Hand, had decided that the Archduke should be assassinated and the planned visit provided the ideal opportunity. Seven young men who had been trained in bomb throwing and marksmanship were stationed along the route that Franz Ferdinand's car would follow from the City Hall to the inspection.The first two terrorists were unable to throw their grenades because the streets were too crowded and the car was travelling quite fast. The third terrorist, a young man called Cabrinovic, threw a grenade which exploded under the car following that of the Archduke. Although the Archduke and his wife were unhurt, some of his attendants were injured and had to be taken to hospital.After lunch at the City Hall, Franz Ferdinand insisted on visiting the injured attendants in hospital. However, on the way to the hospital the driver took a wrong turn. Realising his mistake he stopped the car and began to reverse. Another terrorist, named Gavrilo Princip, stepped forward and fired two shots. The first hit the pregnant Sophia in the stomach, she died almost instantly. The second shot hit the Archduke in the neck. He died a short while later.
Gavriol Princip 19 Years-old
Nationality: Bosnian Serb
Reason: Serbian Independence from Austro-Hungary
Gavrio Princip was not executed because Austrian law did not permit anyone younger the age of 20.However, he would die in prison April 28,1918 a few months before the war he had started.On his walls of his prison he wrote:"Our ghosts will walk through Vienna/ And roam through the plalace / Frightening the lords.
War of Allies
Austria-Hungary declares warwith Serbia
28 July 1914
Russia comes to the aid of their
allies the Serbs
1. These are Austria-Hungry Soldiers.2. Austria-Hungry would after World War 1 become Poland.3. Technologies within the picture.. a. Helmet b. Flame Thrower c. Gas Mask d. Hand Grenade IMPORTANT NOTE: While these are not TRUE new technologies... WW1 was the first time they were widely used on an industrial scale.
Germany comes to the aid of their allies
Germany attacksBelgium and
British comesthe aid of theirallies Belgium
The tank was not the first armor vehicle in World War 1. In fact both sides had many different vehicles.. In the picture you can see an armor truck with 75mm canons.
Burns Temporary blindness Lungs dissolve
Gas masks were worn to help prevent the harmful damage that could be caused by poison gas. While poison gas did not kill many soldiers it was still the most feared weapon.
Sopwith camel (biplane)
Forward Listening Post
Company HQDug Out
1. There was always at least two trenches built.. if there was a third trench it was called the reserve trench... 2. There would also be specially made concrete boxes called (pill boxes) to protect the machine gunner.. 3. The communication trenches were always build with many corners in order to slow down the enemy if they got into them. In addition, they could defend them better.4. Within the No Man's area would be barbwire and landmines in order to slow down advancing armies. 5. Behind the trenches would be the artillery.
Dug outs were often dug up to 10 feet below the surface... used for sleeping, eating and meetings. However, some dugouts were very small letting one or two people sleep and provided very little shelter from the weather or the enemy.
Over 15 million soldiers were wounded or killed in the Great
Mud and Water trench foot
Rats and Lice trench fever Ever-present stench open latrines, and rotting
In the winter, the ground was frozen and hard, in autumn rainfall turned the battlefields and low-lying trenches into mud baths. In some parts the water reached waist height. This could cause 'trench foot' where the feet would swell and in some cases turn gangrenous and need amputating.
President Woodrow Wilson
Vows to keep America out of Europe’s War.
Woodrow Wilson kept America out of the Great War up until 1917. However, America did sell tanks, guns, and other war supplies to its allies. This helped to build up the American Economy.
America Goes To War
May 7, 1915
Germany continued to threaten Americanshipping.
While the sinking of the passenger ship the Lusitania shocked the American people.
America remained Neutral..
America Goes To War
April 2, President Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany
Germany promisesfinancial support and lost territory in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona