WRITING ABILITY OF DESCRIPTIVE .-1) in the Department of English Education. By. ... Tabel 2.2 Scales

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  • THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE ON STUDENTS

    WRITING ABILITY OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

    (A Quasi-experimental Study at the Seventh Grade Students of MTs Islamiyah

    Ciputat in Academic Year 2016/2017)

    A SKRIPSI

    Presented to the Faculty of Educational Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the

    Requirements for the Degree of S.Pd. (Strata-1)

    in the Department of English Education

    By

    ANISA

    1113014000072

    DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

    FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES

    SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY

    JAKARTA

    2018

  • i

    ABSTRACT

    Anisa. 1113014000072. The Effectivenes of Clustering on Students Writing

    Ability of Descriptive Text (A Quasy experimental Study at Seventh-grade of

    MTs Islamiyah Ciputat of Academic Year 2016) Skripsi, Department of

    English Education Faculty of Educational Sciences. Syarif Hidayatullah State

    Islamic University of Jakarta, 2017.

    Advisor I : Dr. Atiq Susilo, M.A

    Advisor II : Devi Yusnita, M.Pd..

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of clustering

    technique on students writing ability of descriptive text for the seventh grade

    students of MTs Islamiyah Ciputat. The method used in this study was a

    quantitative method and the research design was a quasi-experiment. The sample

    of this research was the seventh-grade of MTs Islamiyah Ciputat. Students of 7C

    class as the experimental class, whereas Students of 7B as the control class. Each

    class consisted of 21 students. The sample technique of this study was Purposive

    sampling. It based on the teachers recomendation. The instrument used in this

    research was a written test on the pre-test and post-test. The data was served by

    numerical and tested by the statistical formula of the t-test. Based on the

    calculation of the data, after using clustering technique on students writing ability

    of descriptive text, the mean score of the experimental class was increased. The

    finding of this study showed that clustering technique was effective on students

    writing ability of descriptive text. It was proved by the data that (2.515) is higher than (1.684) in the significance level of 0.05. it is considered that (null hypothesis) was rejected and (alternative hypothesis) was accepted. It is stated that there was a significant effect on students writing ability of descriptive

    text.

    Keywords: Clustering Technique, Descriptive Text

  • ii

    ABSTRAK

    Anisa (1113014000072). Keefektifan dari Clustering Teknik terhadap

    Kemampuan Menulis Siswa di dalam Menulis Teks Deskriptif. (Sebuah

    penelitian Kuasi-Experimen dikelas 7 MTs Islamiyah Ciputat). Skripsi Jurusan

    Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Islam Negri

    Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2017.

    Advisor I : Dr. Atiq Susilo M.A,

    Advisor II : Devi Yusnita, M.Pd.

    Tujuan penelitian ini untk memperoleh bukti empiris mengenai keefektifan

    menggunakan clustering teknik terhadap kemampuan menulis siswa didalam

    menulis teks deskriptif pada siswa kelas 7 di MTs Islamiyah Ciputat. Metode

    yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian

    yang digunakan adalah kuasi eksperimen. Adapun sample dalam penelitian ini

    adalah siswa siswi kelas 7 MTs Islamiyah Ciputat, kelas 7C sebagai kelas

    eksperimen dan kelas 7B sebagai kelas kontrol. Masing-masing kelas terdiri dari

    21 siswa. Untuk teknik pengambilan sample pada penelitian ini menggunakan

    Purossive Sampling dipilih berdasarkan saran dari guru. untuk menentukan kelas

    eksperimen dan kontrol penelitian. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini

    adalah tes tertulis dalam pre-test maupun post-test. Data disajikan berupa angka

    dan diuji dengan menggunakan rumus secara statistik. Berdasarkan perhitungan data, setelah menggunakan clustering teknik terhadap kemampuan

    menulis siswa didalam menulis teks deskriptif terdapat peningkatan pada nilai

    rata-rata kelas eksperimen. Temuan ini menunjukan bahwa clustering teknik

    efektif terhadap kemampuan menulis siswa didalam menulis tekt deskriptif. Hal

    itu dibuktikan berdasarkan data yang diperoleh bahwa (2.515) lebih besar

    dari (1.684) pada signifikan 0.05. hal ini dianggapbahwa (Hipotesis nul) ditolak dan (Hipotesis alternatif) diterima. Hal itu menyatakan bahwa terdapat efek yang signifikan dari teknik clustering terhadap kemampuan menulis siswa

    didalam nenulis teks descriptif.

    Keywords: Clustering Teknik, Descriptive Teks

  • iii

    ACKNOWLEDMENT

    In the name of Allah, the beneficient, the merciful

    All praises be to Allah, the lord of the worlds for mercy, blessing,

    strenghth and guidance the writer to finidh this research. Sholawat and salam

    always be to our Prophet Muhamad SAW, his families, his companion, and his

    followers.

    This skripsi entitled The Effectiveness of Clustering Technique on

    Students Writing Ability of Descriptive Text (A Quasi-experimental Study at

    the Seventh Grade of MTs Islamiyah Ciputat in the Academic Year 2016/2017).

    It is presented to the Faculty of Educational in a Partial Fulfilment of the

    requirements for the Degree of Strata I (S-I) In Department of English Education.

    This study has not been completed without support, motivation, advice and

    help from her beloved parents, Jahir and Rohani who always give prayer and

    motivation to the writer to finish her study. Then, Sciencere gratitude for the

    writersexaminer, Nida Husna, M.Pd, M.A. TESOL. and Dadan Nugraha M.Pd.,

    for the guidance. Also special gramercy to the writers graced advisors Dr. Atiq

    Susilo, M.A. and Mrs. Devi Yusnita, M.Pd., For their valuable guidance, help

    advice, correction, motivation and a lot of patience during the whole process in

    accoplishing the skripsi.

    Furthemore, the writer would like to express his grattitude appreciation to:

    1. All lectures Department of English Education for teaching precious

    knowledge, sharing philosophy of life and giving wonderful experences.

    2. Dr. Alek, M.Pd., as the Head of the Department of English Education and

    Zaharil Anasy. M.Hum., as the Secretary of the Departmen of English

    Education.

    3. Mrs. Atik Yuliani, M.A.TESOL, as the Advisor of Class C in acaemic

    year 2013/2014.

    4. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Thib Raya, M.A., as the Dean of the Faculty of

    Educational Science.

  • iv

    5. The Head of MTs Islamiyah Ciputat Mr. Aep Saefudin, S.Pd. and all

    teacher and staff of MTs Islamiyah Ciputat who have given permission

    and guidance during conducting this study.

    6. The students of VIII. I and VII. II class who have contributed her in

    collecting the data during the study.

    7. Her beloved friends Diki Fitriady, Aulia Dzakiyu Rahmah, Nurul

    Wahidah, Nia Marlia, Syarah Muthia, Syifa Fauziah for the support,

    prayer love kindness, happiness and motivation.

    8. All friends in A class of Department of English Education 2013 for the

    great happines, support togetherness since the first time of study may

    Allah always bless them all.

    9. All people who has helped and contibution in finishing the skripsi and

    whose names cannot be mentioned one by one.

    Finally, the writer realized that this research is still far from being perfect. I

    hope that it is useful not only for the writer, but also the reader who is interested

    in the same study. Therefore, it is a pleasure for her to get critiques and

    suggestions to makethis skripsi better and useful for further research.

    Jakarta, 20 Oktobter 2017

    Anisa

  • v

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    ABSTRACT ......................................................................................................... i

    ABSTRAK ........................................................................................................... ii

    ACKNOWLEDMENT ........................................................................................ iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................... v

    LIST OF TABLES .............................................................................................. vii

    LIST OF CHARTS ............................................................................................. ix

    LIST OF FIGURES ............................................................................................ x

    LIST OF APPENDICES .................................................................................... xi

    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION..................................................................... 1

    A. The Background of Study ........................................................... 1

    B. Identification of the Problem ...................................................... 5

    C. The Scope and Limitation of Problem ........................................ 5

    D. The Formulation of the Study .................................................... 5

    E. The Objective of the Study ........................................................ 6

    F. Significance of the Study ........................................................... 6

    CHAPTER II THEORETICAL REVIEW.......................................................6

    A. Descriptive Writing ...........................