ZAMBIA’S PLACE IN AFRICA. Located south of the Equator, this landlocked country is positioned in southern Africa, and bordered by the countries of Angola,

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    20-Dec-2015

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> ZAMBIAS PLACE IN AFRICA </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Located south of the Equator, this landlocked country is positioned in southern Africa, and bordered by the countries of Angola, Botswana, D.R.C., Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania and Zimbabwe Located south of the Equator, this landlocked country is positioned in southern Africa, and bordered by the countries of Angola, Botswana, D.R.C., Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania and Zimbabwe Population of just above 10million of which 1/5 live in Lusaka Population of just above 10million of which 1/5 live in Lusaka Known for the worlds largest waterfall, Victoria falls, locally known as the Musi-oa-tunya. Known for the worlds largest waterfall, Victoria falls, locally known as the Musi-oa-tunya. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> THE ACADEMIC LIBRARIAN IN A DEVELOPING SOCIETY: challenges and prospects of retooling academic libraries Mutinta Mweemba Nabuyanda, Librarian National Institute of Public Administration, Zambia </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> INTRODUCTION This paper highlights the challenges encountered by academic librarians in developing countries, in this case Zambia, in their endeavour to implement change management in the provision of efficient and effective information systems to their clients. This paper highlights the challenges encountered by academic librarians in developing countries, in this case Zambia, in their endeavour to implement change management in the provision of efficient and effective information systems to their clients. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> A sample of four academic libraries, namely, the National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA), Evelyn Hone College of Applied Arts and Sciences, the University of Zambia (UNZA) library, and the Zambia Institute of Accountancy Studies (ZCAS). A sample of four academic libraries, namely, the National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA), Evelyn Hone College of Applied Arts and Sciences, the University of Zambia (UNZA) library, and the Zambia Institute of Accountancy Studies (ZCAS). These libraries present a 66.6% of the total membership of academic libraries in the Zambia Library Consortium (ZALICO). These libraries present a 66.6% of the total membership of academic libraries in the Zambia Library Consortium (ZALICO). </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> CHALLENGES 1. Poor and inadequate Infrastructure -Old dilapidated infrastructure (libraries built in the 1960s) -Limited space for expansion ( even with the increase in enrolments) -Limited number of users at any given time, e.g. NIPA built to cater for 80 but currently 1, 236 users, Evelyn Hone built to cater for 150 but currently has 1,763 users -Low funding levels </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> 2. Poor reading Culture -Inability to purchase books -Reading to pass examinations only and not for enjoyment. - Introduction of alternative entertainment, for example, Television, video games and cinemas </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> 3. Poor conditions of service -Low salary scales for librarians compared to other professionals -lowly placed in organisational structures -Working long hours without good incentives -High workload -lack of opportunity for advancement </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> 4. Low qualifications of library staff -Under utilization of e-resources -Poor service delivery -unable to cope with major responsibilities </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> 5. Poor Funding -Low provision for purchasing new books -low provision for infrastructure rehabilitation -Economic challenges of the third world a. Implications of exchange rates ( dollarisation of world economy and fluctuations in the exchange rates) - limited modern equipment </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> -Reasons for poor funding -lack of government support -different priorities set by parent institutions. -limited sources of funding </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> TRADITIONAL OR MODERN? Traditional Traditional -conventional book only materials -reading area only -hard copies only -manual catalogue systems Modern -e-resources -research facilities -soft and hard copies -automated catalogue systems </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Change management -challenges of getting new ideas implemented and appreciated. -implemented through education and communication -advantages of Information Communication Technology (ICT) need to be explained - undertake Orientation programmes </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> -selective dissemination of information (SDI) for e-resources through e-journal alerts -registration of internet protocol (IP) addresses for the whole institute -constant touch with academia and students to get feedback </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> PROSPECTS 1. Infrastructure Improvement -expanding and building of new infrastructure -widening bandwidth for efficient delivery of information -research can be carried out in the offices and laboratories without having to physically visit the library -Political will through the introduction of ICT national policy </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> 2. Training of librarians -training in modern information management systems -deliberate training policies for staff whenever a need is observed -provision of post-graduate and Masters levels within the country -Introduction of need-based training -upgrading of services -Establishing and maintaining professional bodies to monitor quality of training (locally/international) </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> 3. Funding -lobby for higher budget allocations -Taking advantage of availability of low-cost editions of books -lobby for assistance from cooperating partners through the government. -lobby for government subsidies -Introducing and providing chargeable services </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> 4. Networking -Institutional co-operation (locally) -Formation of Zambia Library Consortium (ZALICO) -resource sharing (INASP-PERI) programme in subscription for e-resources </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> - Institutional co-operation (International) -Webster University and NIPA -Evelyn Hone College and Irish Government -ZCAS and Irish government/European Union </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> CONCLUSION With the introduction of new technological changes, it is imperative that the academic librarian in the third world is empowered to provide services which will help develop not only the intellectual capabilities of the academia and students but also contribute positively to research issues touching on the very existence of our economies. Only then will the contribution of the academic librarian be looked at positively as it will help foster economic development of the country. With the introduction of new technological changes, it is imperative that the academic librarian in the third world is empowered to provide services which will help develop not only the intellectual capabilities of the academia and students but also contribute positively to research issues touching on the very existence of our economies. Only then will the contribution of the academic librarian be looked at positively as it will help foster economic development of the country. </li> </ul>

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