Zionism Unsettled - Presbyterian Church [USA]

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    , ~ o ~ r Ct...... r" rho ",bbl, or ;. " " " " .moil,h 1.1.'..

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    Zionism Un settledA CO NGREGATIONAL STUDY GUIDE

    ABO UT THIS PUB LICATION101 . I i>< , .W . M ,.. ,. No ' of tho P'O>bytn Ch rh

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    ContentsnCTION 1TOWdrd a New f r ~ m e w o r k . 5

    i l l e i l Israel. and Ihe Uniled ~ t i o o s . 10SECTION 2i'oIilit.J11ioni m 11COtlstaIOias.pofa1 48SECTION 8A ~ l H l i n i n MusJim Ei(jlf'riPnce with Zioniwn 49Memoricide . S5SECTION 9A Paleslin;"n Clvislian Po ;tscr pi 56lme

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    1 .Toward a New Framework

    The Zionistsolllliol to thJewish qucstiolllias ora/I'd ( lwhole new scto l O b l e l l l ~ ,whicll it I nsso far prmwiiI1OlPIl/J/C osolving.AOAM ' ~ A

    T e sr.olIPa]estine ronllict i , now in il. . . . .enlh dec. d. The so-caJ led ""ace pro,, . , , h..devolved in to a (over und., whkh """1''',bl. tmitoo"1 and demographic I .e" on Iheground M. being in'plcmcnted wilh. impunity byIsrael. We .T< engaged, write. Ian lust ;,\:. inn'gli.tioM to nov.'h,,.,." 1Diplcma tic posturing in suppo,t of t",o-,Ia lesolut io n nOfuith".nding, I"ael', .'pansion inlO,.ml0l)' dassilie... d on enduring di . . imin. jionand opp1eSSion i. ultimatoly uruu,t.inable "

    ' Ortly I".eli Ie", r< full ( tha t la nd, Kh .lidi " plain" ' while 5 million P.t . . in ian , h " ina s t,te (>( subjugahon or exil. and 1-2 million Pale , tini.n Ar.ho Ii, . in 1" 1 s ",cond-cl . . ciHze n. :

    Mainstream onedi, co, .r'ge of Ihe PaJe;;tinel1".,1 onflict is abundant, p

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    akln I. tho Arabic word 'Ol Cata.trop . and nda to the m v ethnltdNIISIr.g 01 over 750,000 Pal.sUnlan" tho confiscation of P.I n l . n land,_ the de.tnJction 01 o 500 pa\eSllnlon i I I . g e , by 1 tinians live ,nd rue in Gaza and theWest Bank come a, the result of 'peCLfic poliCLes,leadcrs or parties on either side of the impaSSeTh< problem is fundamontal' Founding a modernstate on a ,ingle ethnic orreligious identlty in atemtory that i5 ethnically and reh[llo"sly dl\'ersel.ad. either to politics of eXdu5ion ...or to whole""Ie ethnic cleanSing. Put .imply, the problom i,ZIOnism.'Within the pa, few }'e

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    UC C I I 01 III I SII Iis 1101 umqlll' 10Z l m l i ~ " , 111 51 '/'.$1'111 wl,en vcr

    I ' X C e p l i o l l l Zn:/isiflUS neo logyis jl/5(r/ will,o/ltIrn/ POI(\,I:

    politic.1ly in.l .. by ,he triumph wi thin Israe ofI'I\IOdmali., 1""';5h notionallsM. GOWn tho poliric;orNlit)' 01\ Ill. ground In J'alosIiMIl. . . .Lthe """,ing""tit bd>'IHn oell-idtntiAtd Zioni.ts ond non-Zi _ ''''''''1 [...... mQft .11rk R1tiil w. . . . . tHlod "Holy w . tno en,I ".nl Nne ' " ",w"h ioom.aU>lI .FSion. w"'I'.

    1" .. r i ~ oitti('f.. In 1 . ..-1, JfWI} 'finds lI ..1f c f < , ~ . soeV )"_.1n which thr- ideal.is focal and brlu5ionKl.1I

    H1ROUGH nUTH TO RE(O NClUAriONIn .... 1\169 lknt< 10 Ilk fl:tn.n unpall;al ")Ie" nll"'",";nthe Middle Ent.The US en'"rH tlul ;,..,1 h. ,

    m i ~ l . u y edS."ln the ...po ....nd ,""Ii \u..- IO fundospctin".includmg I h ~ 1"""to.. of illpSOl JI' ""III.", . . .on Palnti""n land. And ftnoUy. 'he time i . ",tnI""10 "",.k th. laboo Ihll 11 ;. I"g" 81AltbouSh thi. ~ " ' U I UfOCUS< > prlmari. y on Zloni.m. ......plionali'm i> noluniquo to z;onI5f\\; rat h., il k pu"$liln f ~ b o n ' i s t beliefs and Klio;omc""lribultd to the Nui I loIor''''t.th. go-noride 0/Naliv< Amrrican", and coontlfts otht, inslan'e rontr\buled 10 grifVOUthwn..,., ligtoto IbusH h . . the . . . . . . .CrH during

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    \hat is Exceptionalism?All I ~ ' AlN.IIo",1c , ." , . , . . . PK;"I ,.1Iing'0 bo I bl. . . "ll I", .11 'M o t ' ~ Roobbln1c Jud , i>inN tI>t ....... ,jUun GI, .... (, ., .iri og .... hNli"ll"'" WO 1>t1l.,.,ln';d. n .1>0.. ,ho I, w'hey Pf< ' """btli... . ou .

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    I

    TIle fimdam ell/a/11SSllmpiioll ofthis study is that0 t xcq,t Olalislclaimsmil be-justified ll owiutemmll(C/l dplmn/islic wo rld,

    the K n I / S W ~ nllJ for an .. d o d , in

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    fOCUS

    I n pnnClple the U 'tN'M ' wa, Nat>-I h.d to pro;'ldo,d,plonlatl( , I t 'eto 1'>olen," tn thorelOk,tlon of confl t'In practICe, the U"ltedN a ~ o n ' oas yielded httlediplomat" benef,t for thPai"',nran poop:.

    ~ , e l ha; ,b,d.d by UNpre>aipt"'o, 0111, whonuseful to h ''' ' ' '9 II,mlllt,, ,, t'lliton.,l, .nddem"llraphrc go." f.fo",frequentl,. how. r. Isr'elho< ol'led UN ,utho"1)'Apar t from al'll\lthy I,'t ofresolulOOns cond.mn' g Is-,".1, n,rI,lary Uanlg ,,,on,and olal'' ' ' ' ' of humannghl', ,,,.. ha uff. ,dno p U O l t ~ ",nClIOo, forIt, lu. behal'IOI'"l'onICally, the Unll,",,,,1Dod. . . ,on of HumanR'ghts was ,dopled by Ihenel"ly created Ulj ' 19480< a ,"spo"se to tho N.Holocaust Now, I,,,el ondthe US ' ' main ob'''1(1 to I m p l e m e n ~ n 9 I t 'mandale f(ll Pal.,t,n,, sPARTITlorlPal. ,o' , reietll d thenghl of il l. Un,led N a ~ o ,to Impose a pod"tlOo to the IntornaMoal C un of lust . In

    Mandat. Pol lin.populOlion d i , , ~ b u l l o nby .ubdi, ICI, 194ti

    P.le'I; i,n ' : ',",wi,hr. "

    adhererlCe 10 tho Ch,nerwa, unhoededDISPROPORTIONALITYTne United Natroo5 Spec,,1Comm'ttee on Pal.. ,"eUNSCOp, 1947 partitionpi"" gr.oted d p'opor(IOnat.;, "'"e of (Mltocllo il l. Z",n'l t, ,.Iatll'e (0.,lhor Iherr popul.tlon 0 'thw lond ownersh,p.1 tiletim. The fulure J .. ,;hslate w '9ra lo'd ,,0. 0 of'ho tot.1 I.nd od lh.futuro Arab mte. 45.At lIle ~ m e of p a ~ , ~ o n .P a l ~ I , n Ar.bl ownedapproXimatel,93% of theI"nd on P . I ~ n . ;

    7 ~ . The Noge' r"'l''''' ofsoulhe'n Pal ',n., whereI , than I of (0. I,ndwas held 10 1"",i,h owne ,p, w., allotted to thefuture 1 ~ 1 I 1 < h ale be'ausoIt (0,1\(,000 wl(h the ZionI, Ooolut>o" l5l and GenA'wmbl)' r e ' l u ~ o n s 115J ,od 2254. oot., th 't - the adopoon of lile ,oo.e-monllon.d reso uoon, Ihas la,, further measures tMd'ng to change Ihe mof tho ('ly of Jlu",'eln, " . . . frrm5 -the tabli>hedopl. thai acqu",t,,,,, of territory by mlln,,'Y conqu tInadmmble, " "ldlepIO ., h. f.,lure of l>rael to .rowregard fO tho ,,,,"lul,on,, " , {

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    ... (T)h. preo; . n< di.pooing 01 ou, .f f. I ." ,1 ''''' ''''''.. ,..,,,. ..... ... ..." ' , < ~ '... ... .'' '_ 'H ..

    .,,', ,, , ,ond,n """ " "od " "' ''' 0' " .... O h , . . 0< Wi lt 0 . od Of, p,"'I.,.(i f , , , ni", . l ~ " " f , ' ( ' ) to ,n5,,' ('"","). ' 'nW", n" , no0.""...." Zio . M ,h. ' ' ' in ,. . HoI ' ' ' 'Do, I,,,,, , , 01 ..... of ," """'too, a. " "", I ,. , 'M I . t $co n ',, ,0 ' '-'0lI' ' ' ' ' 'OO'Y.Do.(a '" ' ' ' 0, ' Oi,,,,,., I,,,r ,odl of tho ' of v ' ' '"'''11, N""" , ,, ' Un',,,,," , ...'""W ~ o t ~ W" . .... 100< . ' ' ' ' ' ,to......, Of' rh ' Po.... , ' Quo fo. , , ..,. (>0In. 2(111),

    "

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    I 'i011 on "".sonol qUMt wOUld l.ad to the< ,.Iion of the st.' of ,", .. ltalf antwy . 1 ~ ,In 1896 U... 1 wrOlf TIle - i l ~ Stolt. collins lorIhe n8\)(>1',. the Nui genocide,,'OUld phing 0 notion .t.ate In ' 'oI.,.tiM IS'M .,n lot lbe ]twio;h o p l ~ with Httle ,eg.ard lor Ih.Imp",,1 On tho . ,.tin3 'dll:'Slini.n ppulaU"" .ndrolllin', No colonization con ",,,,....t by Ig torin81k/='iroJo 1.w' oI .mwd rac .. lobotimJ

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    '"uTi Kholar Ben jamin ~ H . I 1 . h m l $umm.ri .... b o t i ~ I position:

    The L.bo, Zioni. t .ltilu< e towardslh, n' li,-",Ind thel' r e d i < m ~ n ..... one 0,"denial.1he

    r l g h l ' ~ 'pprwO lotl by ' w I ' ~it,, .n' . lIi,.,.io. , 1941 (tl>t .. I

    ~ . . . , ... "'g."I,"ion l oelll". """,bt .the 6 .UO)'td 1 o u I ~ 1 .... . l l) . n..ylll. __

    d < - o " ~ nOl onIr'".... . i fo-,blo lortl>t '.I.. inl .... 'Nd _ III .. _ . . .,""' bu' "10 to . . . . .III. Ir ld, , , , , of ,.untPoi+rt;nion inhabllat ionfrom tho lond.0 )'>: .eglon.. . tI, t .... u " ~ " ' . ' nof Atol>

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    l(eYOII of 1936.39, cou..., by ~ i n i a n ofd ~ i o n and Jewish d o m i a n c ~ , 8m Gurlo, . . Mim.k P>leotine into Olea. dtsign' -...:I It>< J.... sh . , . , nd an Alab ",.te. EMh ",. , .",.."dd ronfill of both J ... sh 000 Aub cit""n . bult"g1cl lly no p""'lsion ""as mo de 10< an in"'rimUnitod ",. ,ion. mil il.uy forr(, Ie protOpe< ted,Wut blulcc .... 1.>.1"" "" '"W, lI ULJ AId" leNeet "hoHIs,".-I dKI"N1lndependen' in May 9 ~ 8 .

    1\0. 0 momllf prior 10 Indcpe,.de....." IIn GuriooInd his IdvIsold.h . s, v.getable p

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    modest in dress, opposed to gender eguality, unaccustomed to the coll"tlYist approach to communallife and childreann&. and marker oriented r.th.rlban sooalJst.

    Some of the M ' h; (Arab Jews) were wellknown Arabic-language poets and wmers whojoined WIth 'I>lestinian poets to form a union ofArabic writers. Early a ts for aU anticipated immigrantrefugees and cover Israel'