Transcript
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    FAD FCTJX

    @HJENXJCKJOTNGA_ GA TLJ KJBFO^ GC TLFHG @HJEN

    JDNTJD H^

    DFX^K BKF_JX

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    FAD FCTJX@HJEN

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    XJCKJOTNGA_ GA TLJ KJBFO^ GC TLFHG @HJEN

    JDNTJD H^

    DFX^K BKF_JX

    FAD FCTJX@HJEN

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    ]zhknsljd na _gztl Fcxnof h~9

    Rnts Zanjxsnt~ ]xjss6 Ifa _`zts FjazjIglfaajshzxb8==6ltt}9''rnts}xjss!rnts!fo!yf

    ]zhknsljd jdntnga og}~xnblt Rnts Zanjxsnt~ ]xjss 8=6=Og`}nkftnga og}~xnblt Jdntnga jdntgx 8=6=Olf}tjx og}~xnblt Nadnndzfk ogatxnhztgxs 8=6=

    Cnxst }zhknsljd 8=6=

    N_HA >2Jdntjd h~ ]ft TzoejxOgjx djsnba fad kf~gzt h~ Lgtlgzsj _gztl Fcxnof]xnatjd fad hgzad h~ Zktxf Kntlg ,]t~. Ktd!

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    OGATJAT_

    FOEAGRKJDBJ@JAT_ nn

    FOXGA^@_ n|

    BJAJXFK XJCKJOTNGA_

    6 @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^9F oxntnofk natxgdzotnga ?DFX^K BKF_JX

    8 @HJEN_ KJBFO^9 _g`j ogaoj}tzfk `fxejxs 46]JTJX LZD_GA

    ? RL^ N_ TLFHG @HJEN F ANTJ@FXJ7 :6@FXE BJSN__JX

    TLJ @HJEN _T^KJ GC BGSJXAFAOJ

    4 @FOLNFSJKKN @JJT_ TLJ OGA_TNTZTNGA9 26

    @hjen fad tlj kfrXNOLFXD OFKKFAD FAD OLXN_ G\TGH^

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    : TLFHG @HJEN FAD DN__JAT 6=:IFAJ DZAOFA

    3 ONSNK _GONJT^ FAD ZAONSNK BGSJXA@JAT9 68< Tlj Txjft`jat Fotnga Of`}fnba jxszs Tlfhg @hjen+

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    @HJEN FAD XFOJ

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    FOEAGRKJDBJ@JAT_

    Cgx tljnx xgkjs na nas}nxnab+ `fafbnab fad og}~ jdntnab tlns }zhknoftnga

    N tlfae fxngzs j`hjxs gc tlj stfcc gc Rnts Zanjxsnt~ ]xjss+ naokzdnabIzknj @nkkjx+ Sjxganof Ekn}} fad ]ft Tzoejx! N tlfae tgg tlgsj naokzdnab

    Fhnbfnk Hggtl+ Bnkhjxt Elfdnfbfkf+ _lnxjja Lfssn`+ ]jtjx Lzdsga+

    Tfrfaf Ez}j+ _ljnkf @jnatijs+ Dfnd _lj}ljxd fad Zxszkf _oljndjbbjx

    rlgsj szbbjstngas fad gxbfansftngafk na}zt `fdj }gssnhkj tlj

    ogacjxjaoj z}ga rlnol tlns hgge dxjr! Tlj ogacjxjaoj rfs fksg `fdj

    }gssnhkj h~ f bxfat cxg` tlj Zanjxsnt~ gc Rntrftjxsxfads Cfozkt~ gc

    Lz`fantnjs tg nts _olggk gc _gonfk _onjaojs+ bxftjczkk~ xjojnjd! N tlfae+cnafkk~+ tlj ogacjxjaoj s}jfejxs+ olf}tjx ogatxnhztgxs fad faga~`gzs

    xjnjrjxs cgx sz}}k~nab rlft knjs ft tlj ljfxt gc hgtl tlj ogacjxjaoj fad

    tlj hgge9 natjkkjotzfk stn`zkftnga fad oxntnofk jabfbj`jat!

    Dfx~k Bkfsjx+ Zanjxsnt~ gc tlj Rntrftjxsxfad

    Fzbzst 8=6=

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    FOXGA^@_

    FF_XGO Fsnfa-Fcxnofa _zh-Xjbngafk Ogacjxjaoj

    FND_ Fovznxjd N``zaj Djcnonjao~ _~adxg`j

    FK] FND_ Kfr ]xgijot

    FAO Fcxnofa Aftngafk Ogabxjss

    FAO^K FAO gztl Kjfbzj

    F]C Fatn-]xnftnsftnga Czad

    F]X@ Fcxnofa ]jjx Xjnjr @jolfans`

    FXC Fcxnofa Xjafnssfaoj fad Natjxaftngafk Og-g}jxftnga Czad

    FXS Fatn-xjtxgnxfk

    F_JFA Fssgonftnga gc _gztl Jfst Fsnfa Aftngas

    FZ Fcxnofa ZangaFRO Fatn-Rfx Ogfkntnga

    Fyf}g Fyfanfa ]jg}kjs Gxbfansftnga

    FYT Fyndgtl~`ndnaj

    HJJ Hkfoe jogag`no j`}grjx`jat

    HNB Hfsno Naog`j Bxfat

    OBJ Og``nssnga ga Bjadjx Jvzfknt~

    ONDF Ofafdnfa Natjxaftngafk Djjkg}`jat Fbjao~

    OAN Og``ga aftngafk ndjatnt~OGDJ_F Ogajatnga cgx f Dj`goxftno _gztl Fcxnof

    Og}j Ogabxjss gc tlj ]jg}kj

    Ogsftz Ogabxjss gc _gztl Fcxnofa Txfdj Zangas

    O]_ Ojatxj cgx ]gkno~ _tzdnjs

    O_F_ Ojatxj cgx _gztljxa Fcxnofa _tzdnjs

    DF Dj`goxftno Fkknfaoj

    DCF Dj}fxt`jat gc Cgxjnba Fccfnxs

    DCND Dj}fxt`jat cgx Natjxaftngafk Djjkg}`jat

    DAJ Dj}fxt`jat gc Aftngafk Jdzoftnga

    D]_F Dj}fxt`jat gc ]zhkno _jxnoj fad Fd`nanstxftnga

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    |

    DXO Dj`goxftno Xj}zhkno gc Ogabg

    D_G Dnxjotgxftj gc _}jonfk G}jxftngas

    JTT Jkjotgxfk Tfse Tjf`CHN Cgxz` gc Hkfoe Igzxafknsts

    CNCF Natjxaftngafk Cjdjxftnga gc Fssgonftnga Cggthfkk

    C\N Cxjjdg` gc J|}xjssnga Nastntztj

    BON_ Bgjxa`jat Og``zanoftnga fad Nacgx`ftnga _~stj`

    BD] Bxgss Dg`jstno ]xgdzot

    BJFX Bxgrtl+ J`}kg~`jat fad Xjdnstxnhztnga }gkno~

    LNS Lz`fa N``zagdjcnonjao~ Snxzs

    L_XO Lz`fa _onjaojs Xjsjfxol OgzaonkNFJF Natjxaftngafk Ftg`no Jajxb~ Fbjao~

    NH_F Nadnf-Hxfynk-_gztl Fcxnof

    NOD Nadj}jadjat Og`}kfnats Dnxjotgxftj

    Ndfsf Nastntztj cgx Dj`goxfo~ na _gztl Fcxnof

    NJO Nadj}jadjat Jkjotgxfk Og``nssnga

    N@C Natjxaftngafk @gajtfx~ Czad

    NXN_ Naondjat Xj}gxtnab Nacgx`ftnga _~stj`

    ING] Izdnonfk Nas}jotgxftj gc ]xnsgas

    I@]D Iglfaajshzxb @jtxg ]gknoj Dj}fxt`jat

    ITN Ignat Najstnbftnab Tjf`

    K]@ Kfadkjss ]jg}kjs @gj`jat

    @F] @nkkjaanz` Fcxnof Xjogjx~ ]kfa

    @OO @jdnonajs Ogatxgk Ogzaonk

    @DBs @nkkjaanz` Djjkg}`jat Bgfks

    AFF_] Ajr Fsnf-Fcxnof _txftjbno ]fxtajxsln}AFOG_F Aftngafk FND_ Og-gxdnaftnab Og``nttjj gc _gztl Fcxnof

    AFN Ajr Fcxnofa Nantnftnj

    AF@ Aga-Fknbajd @gj`jat

    AF]RF Aftngafk Fssgonftnga gc ]jg}kj Knnab rntl LNS fad FND_

    AHN Aftngafk Hzsnajss Nantnftnj

    AD]] Aftngafk Dnxjotgx gc ]zhkno ]xgsjoztngas

    AJ]FD Ajr ]fxtajxsln} cgx Fcxnofs Djjkg}`jat

    ABG Aga-bgjxa`jatfk gxbfansftngaANF Aftngafk Natjkknbjaoj Fbjao~

    A] Aftngafk ]fxt~

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    |n

    A]F Aftngafk ]xgsjoztnab Fbjao~

    A]T Azokjfx Aga-]xgkncjxftnga Txjft~

    A_] Aftngafk _txftjbno ]kfa ga LNS+ FND_ fad _j|zfkk~Txfas`nttjd Nacjotngas

    GFZ Gxbfansftnga gc Fcxnofa Zant~

    GHJ Gztog`js-hfsjd jdzoftnga

    GDF Gccnonfk djjkg}`jat fssnstfaoj

    GDFO G}ja Dj`goxfo~ Fdnoj Ojatxj

    GJOD Gxbfansftnga gc Jogag`no Og-g}jxftnga fad Djjkg}`jat

    ]FNF ]xg`gtnga gc Foojss tg Nacgx`ftnga Fot

    ]@TOT ]gkno~ ga gtljx-tg-olnkd txfas`nssngaXJD Xjsjfxol fad Jdzoftnga na Djjkg}`jat

    XBF Xjbzkftnga gc Bftljxnabs Fot

    _FHO _gztl Fcxnofa Hxgfdofstnab Ogx}gxftnga

    _FOO _gztl Fcxnofa Ogzaonk gc Olzxoljs

    _FO] _gztl Fcxnofa Og``zanst ]fxt~

    _FDO _gztljxa Fcxnofa Djjkg}`jat Og``zant~

    _FLXO _gztl Fcxnofa Lz`fa Xnblt Og``nssnga

    _F@F _gztl Fcxnofa @jdnofk Fssgonftnga

    _FABGOG _gztl Fcxnofa Aga-Bgjxa`jatfk Gxbfansftnga Ogfkntnga

    _F]F _gztl Fcxnofa ]xjss Fssgonftnga

    _F]_ _gztl Fcxnofa ]gknoj _jxnoj

    _og}f _tfadnab Og``nttjj ga ]zhkno Foogzats

    _JOO _grjtg Jkjotxnont~ Oxnsns Og``nttjj

    TFO Txjft`jat Fotnga Of`}fnba

    ZF_ Zanga gc Fcxnofa _tftjsZA Zantjd Aftngas

    ZAJ_OG Zantjd Aftngas Jdzoftngafk _onjatncno fad Ozktzxfk

    Gxbfansftnga

    Z_Fc Zantjs _tftjs gc Fcxnof

    R__D Rgxkd _z``nt ga _zstfnafhkj Djjkg}`jat

    RTG Rgxkd Txfdj Gxbfansftnga

    ^OK gzab Og``zanst Kjfbzj

    YFAZ-]C Yn`hfhrj Fcxnofa Aftngafk Zanga ]ftxngtno Cxgat

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    FAD FCTJX

    XJCKJOTNGA_BJAJXFK

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    Ns tljxj fa @hjen kjbfo~7 Kggenab hfoe ft Tlfhg @hjens }xjsndjao~

    cxg` f fatfbj }gnat gc `nd-8=6= fa ghsjxjx nblt jfsnk~ ogaokzdj tlft

    tlft kjbfo~ szol fs nt ns ogasnsts na tlxjj okfssjs gc }ljag`jaf9

    `f~lj` ofzsjd fad agr ajjdnab tg hj xj}fnxjd ,}gknonjs ga FND_ fad

    Yn`hfhrj.+ hftgas `jxjk~ }fssjd cxg` @hjens }xjdjojssgx tg lns

    szoojssgx ,f czaotnganab dj`goxfo~ fad `n|jd jogag`~. fad sjj`nabk~

    jvzfk-fad-g}}gsntj xjfotngas jknontjd f`gab tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjats fa~

    jaj`njs ,tlj natjxafk FAO xjhjkknga fbfnast @hjen fad szhsjvzjat

    jccgxts h~ tlj notgxngzs xjhjks tg jstfhknsl f agt Tlfhg @hjen st~kj gc

    bgjxafaoj.! Nt ns tlj tlnxd okfss tlj xjfotngas jknontjd tlft rnkk sjj`tg fa~ tlj gst n`}gxtfat cgx zadjxstfadnab _gztl Fcxnofa bgjxafaoj

    agr+ fad tljxjcgxj tg ogastntztj @hjens gst }fk}fhkj kjbfo~!

    6

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^9

    F oxntnofk natxgdzotnga

    DFX^K BKF_JX

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    Tlns hjnab sg+ rl~ slgzkd tljxj hj f hgge+ agr+ fhgzt Tlfhg @hjen

    fad lns kjbfo~7 Cgx gaj tlnab+ }zhkno natjxjst na @hjen xj`fnas szx}-

    xnsnabk~ stxgab fs jndjaojd+ cgx j|f`}kj+ h~ fdfaoj sfkjs cgx hgges

    fhgzt tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjat! Tlj natjxjst ns }fxtk~ ,stnkk. na tlj fa+ jja

    fs lj szkes na xjtnxj`jat! Hngbxf}ljxs+ ogkz`ansts fad }gkntnofk sonjatnsts

    lfj cjkt og`}jkkjd tg xjtggk fs f`ftjzx }s~olgkgbnsts tlj hjttjx tg

    zadjxstfad tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjats }s~olno og`}kj|nt~! Fad @hjens rfs

    f ogasjvzjatnfk og`}kj|nt~9 lns sjasntnnt~ tg xfonfk sknblt dnxjotk~ nackzja-

    ojd bgjxa`jat f}}xgfoljs tg tlj FND_ }fadj`no fad tlj oxnsns naYn`hfhrj5 cjjknabs gc nasjozxnt~ fad jja }fxfagnf fxbzfhk~ kf~ hjlnad

    tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjats jccgxts tg xza lns }gkntnofk xnfks gzt gc tgra5

    @hjens ogatj`}t cgx tlgsj lj ogasndjxjd gc kjssjx fhnknt~ tlfa ln`sjkc

    dgzhtkjss czjkkjd lns sjfxol cgx ojatxfknsjd og``fad fad ogatxgk+ lns

    sjoxjo~+ fad lns stzhhgxa xjczsfk gc zasgknontjd fdnoj ,Bz`jdj 8==:9

    63?-4+ 62>-9 624 dj`goxftno j|}jxnjaoj z} tg 8==

    dj}zt~-}xjsndjat @hjen j|jxtjd ogasndjxfhkj nackzjaoj tlxgzblgzt

    4

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    Ajksga @fadjkfs }xjsndjatnfk tjazxj5 foogxdnab tg sg`j+ lj rfs dj

    cfotg }xn`j `nanstjx ,Bjnssjx 8==29 3:9 :4-3+ >>-6==+ 6?2->>+ tlj oggxdnaftjs gc _gztl Fcxnofs }xfb`ftno

    hzt Tlnxd-Rgxkdnst cgxjnba }gkno~ fad nts `fxejt-gxnjatjd jogag`no

    }gkno~! Tljsj xj`fna+ jssjatnfkk~+ tlj oggxdnaftjs gc tlns ogzatx~s

    cgxjnba fad jogag`no }gkno~+ agtrntlstfadnab tlj Kjcts jccgxts tg stjjx

    tlj ajr fd`nanstxftnga gatg f `gxj djonsnjk~ }xg-}ggx ogzxsj+ gxnadjjd @hjens gra hjkftjd ,xj.dnsogjx~ gc tlj fotnnst stftj! @hjen

    fksg ljk}jd tg xfkk~+ fzb`jat fad j`}grjx f hkfoe `nddkj okfss!

    Gc ogzxsj+ jja tlj }gsntnj kjbfonjs fxj @hjens gak~ z} tg f

    }gnat! _g`j gc tlj` agtfhk~ tlj jogag`no fad okfss gajs dgzhtkjss

    hjfx tlj n`}xjss gc stxzotzxfk cgxojs knej tlj n`}kgsnga gc tlj _gnjt

    hkgo+ ajg-knhjxfk bkghfknsftnga fad zadjxk~nab sgong-jogag no slncts!

    @hjen rfs+ `gxjgjx+ ignajd h~ gtljx n`}gxtfat cnbzxjs ,}jxlf}s fajatnxj afsojat jkntj. na j|jxonsnab tlj olgnojs tlft tljsj stxzotzxfk cgxojs

    kjct g}ja! Nt ns+ fctjx fkk+ }xjonsjk~ tlj kjbfonjs `gst okjfxk~ stf`}jd

    rntl @hjens }jxsgafk fbjao~ agtfhk~ ga FND_ tlft fxj agr hjnab

    djonsnjk~ gjxtlxgra! Tlj gajs tlft jadzxj `f~ hj tlgsj @hjen

    sjxjd na }fxt fs f enad gc lnstgxnofk jotgx!

    Nt ns tlzs agt rntlgzt sg`j izstncnoftnga tlft tlxjj ogatxnhztgxs+

    Cxnjd`fa+ Sfkj fad Dzaofa+ n`}knontk~ vzjstnga tlj cxf`nab gc tlns

    ogkkjotnga fxgzad @hjen tlj `fa! Ft tlj sf`j tn`j cjr rgzkd dja~

    tlft @hjen tlj `fa ljk}jd tg slf}j _gztl Fcxnofs }fxtnozkfx kgofk

    xjoj}tnga gc tlj ogkkf}sj gc Og``zans` fad gc bkghfknsftnga fad nts

    }fxtnozkfx xjogacnbzxftnga gc xfoj-okfss xjkftngas! @hjen rfs ag on}ljx9

    agtrntlstfadnab tlj ajr xzknab jkntjs cfnkzxj tg sjozxj jogag`no }grjx

    og`}fxfhkj tg nts }gkntnofk srf~+ nt bfnajd xj`fxefhk~ xf}nd ogatxgk gcf `gdjxa stftj fad+ cgx f bggd rlnkj+ nt xj`fnajd na tlj tlxfkk gc

    @hjen+ ej}t tljxj h~+ f`gabst gtljx cfotgxs+ tlj ofkk gc hkfoe sgkndfxnt~+

    :

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    tlj FAOs ogkkjotnj dnson}knaj fad tlj kzxj gc j|joztnj }ftxgafbj!

    Cgx fhgzt tja ~jfxs cxg` tlj `nd-6>>=s @hjen jaig~jd f `fxbna gc

    xjfk }grjx tg sozk}t _gztl Fcxnofs j`jxbnab gxdjx! Tlft na tlj jad lj

    kgst ogatxgk gc nt na sg `fa~ rf~s sjj ngkjat oxn`j+ |jag}lghno

    }gbxg`s+ sjxnoj djknjx~ }xgtjsts+ tlj ]gkgerfaj ogacjxjaoj xjhjkknga

    dgjs agt bfnasf~ tlns }gnat!

    Tlns ogkkjotnga fxnsjs gzt gc f ogacjxjaoj ljkd cxg` ?=-?6 @fxol

    8==> ga @hjens Kjbfo~+ lgstjd h~ tlj Dj}fxt`jat gc ]gkntnofk _tzdnjs+

    Zanjxsnt~ gc tlj Rntrftjxsxfad+ ft tlj nastnbftnga gc Tfrfaf Ez}j+Djfa gc tlj Cfozkt~ gc Lz`fantnjs+ rlnol+ tgbjtljx rntl tlj _olggk gc

    _gonfk _onjaojs+ ignajd gzx dj}fxt`jat na czadnab tlj jjat! @hjen rfs+

    h~ tlja+ lnstgx~+ dj}gsjd cxg` tlj FAO }xjsndjao~ fad tlj }xjsndjao~

    gc tlj Xj}zhkno! Djs}ntj tlns+ tlj ogacjxjaoj rfs xj`fxefhk~ rjkk

    fttjadjd tlxgzblgzt fad xjojnjd tjkjnsnga fad xfdng ogjxfbj!

    Gzx ndjf rfs tg gxbfansj f ogacjxjaoj tlft rfs gjxfkk oxntnofk na tgaj

    nt ns tlj igh gc fofdj`nos tg hj oxntnofk hzt sg`jtlnab gtljx tlfa fafatn-@hjen }gkj`no! Rj nantjd f az`hjx gc }jg}kj rj lg}jd rgzkd

    djcjad tlj @hjen xjogxd+ hzt na tlj jad gak~ _n}lf`fadkf Ygadn fad

    Olxns Kfadshjxb rjxj tljxj tg olf`}nga tlj j|-}xjsndjat ,hgtl ga

    cgxjnba }gkno~ nsszjs.+ fad gc tljsj gak~ Kfadshjxb fbxjjd tg ogatxnhztj

    tg tlj hgge! Rj fksg na tlj s}nxnt gc tlj tn`js sgzblt f ogacjxjaoj

    tlft rfs hfkfaojd na tjx`s gc xfoj fad bjadjx! Rlnkj tlxjj hkfoe Fcxnofas

    gc f kfxbjx az`hjx nantjd fbxjjd tg fddxjss tlj ogacjxjaoj+ agaj olgsj

    tg ogatxnhztj tg tlj hgge ,tlgzbl gtljxs gc ogkgzx lfj dgaj sg.! Gc tlj

    tlxjj rg`ja s}jfejxs+ gak~ gaj fbxjjd tg }fxtnon}ftj na tlj hgge!

    Ga fkk tljsj ogzats+ tljxjcgxj+ tljxj ns agtlnab hfkfaojd fhgzt tlns

    ogkkjotnga+ gx jja ,bnja tlj }xjsjaoj gc Kfadshjxbs czksg`j djcjaoj

    gc @hjen f`nd gtljxrnsj `zol `gxj oxntnofk olf}tjxs. fa~tlnab

    }fxtnozkfxk~ ogljxjat fhgzt nt5 nt ns f }xgdzot sn`}k~ gc tlj rf~ tlnabstzxajd gzt gc rlg fbxjjd tg }xjsjat ft tlj ogacjxjaoj fad rlg fbxjjd

    tg ogatxnhztj tg tlj hgge gc tlj ogacjxjaoj! Rntl Rnts Zanjxsnt~ ]xjss+

    3

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    tlj Dj}fxt`jat gc ]gkntnofk _tzdnjs djondjd ajjxtljkjss tg }xjss fljfd

    rntl f hgge+ jaogzxfbjd h~ nadnoftngas gc }xgs}jotnj xjfdjx natjxjst!

    Tlj ogatxnhztgxs fxj fkk ogaajotjd tg tlj fofdj`no rgxkd+ fad sg`j

    rjxj fksg }xg`najat }zhkno og``jatftgxs ga tlj @hjen jxf gx fotnnsts

    na onnk sgonjt~ gxbfansftngas dzxnab lns tjazxj!

    Tlns olf}tjx gccjxs f oxntnofk natxgdzotnga tg tlj ogkkjotnga+ kgoftnab

    nts ogatxnhztngas rntlna f kfxbjx faftg`~ gc @hjen fad lns kjbfo~! Nt

    ns goofsngafkk~ fxbz`jatftnj+ fad agt fkk ogatxnhztgxs rnkk fbxjj rntl

    fkk tlj fxbz`jats fdj na nt5 N lg}j tlj~ rnkk j|tjad tljnx cgxhjfxfaoj+js}jonfkk~ rljxj N vznhhkj rntl }gsntngas tlj~ lfj fdg}tjd! Nts kjabtl

    fad rndj ,}jxlf}s tgg rndj. xfabj lfs `fnak~ tg dg rntl tlj ajjd tg

    ogjx @hjen-xjkftjd bxgzad tlft gzx `gxj s}jonfknsjd olf}tjx ogatxn-

    hztgxs ogzkd agt! Tlns srjj} og`js ft f }xnoj9 agt jjx~ }gnat ofa hj

    szhstfatnftjd fs tlgxgzblk~ fs rgzkd hj }gssnhkj na f gxj s}jonfknsjd

    }njoj! N dg+ tlgzbl+ }xgndj sgzxojs cgx cfotzfk okfn`s tlft fxj agt

    og``ga ofzsj fad ckfb h~ zsnab f}}xg}xnftjk~ vzfkncnjd kfabzfbj }xg}gsntngas tlft fxj dns}ztfhkj gx s}jozkftnj!

    @HJEN9 Tlj `fa+ lns }gkntnos+ lns rgxkd-njr

    Hngbxf}lnofk jssjatnfks

    Tlfhg @hjen rfs hgxa na 6>48 na tlj Jfstjxa Of}j+ rljxj lj s}jat

    lns olnkdlggd! Lns cftljx+ Bgfa+ hjof`j f ojkjhxftjd FAO fad

    Og``zanst fotnnst+ }gkntnofk }xnsgajx fad cgzadjx gc tlj FAOs fx`jd

    rnab! @hjen s}jat sn| ~jfxs na dg`jstno FAO-knaejd ~gztl }gkntnos

    hjcgxj ljfdnab fhxgfd+ ga FAO nastxzotngas+ na 6>38! Na 6>33 @hjen

    xjojnjd f @fstjx gc Jogag`nos djbxjj cxg` tlj Zanjxsnt~ gc _zssj|!

    Ljfnk~ nagkjd na FAO rgxe na sjjxfk ogzatxnjs dzxnab lns }jxngd

    gc j|nkj+ lj hjof`j }gkntnofk sjoxjtfx~ tg FAO ]xjsndjat Gknjx Tf`hgna 6>2

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    6>! Na tlj kftjx 6>>=s @hjen cnbzxjd }xg`najatk~

    na tlj ajbgtnftngas tlft kjd tg tlj dj`goxftno ogastntztngafk sjttkj`jat

    gc 6>>4! Na 6>>? lj rfs jkjotjd olfnx`fa gc tlj FAO fad na 6>>4

    cnxst dj}zt~ }xjsndjat gc tlj Xj}zhkno gc _gztl Fcxnof! Tlj FAOs

    @fcnejab Ogabxjss gc Djoj`hjx 6>>2 sfr @hjen jkjotjd fs FAO

    }xjsndjat! Na Izaj 6>>>+ cgkkgrnab tlj FAOs sjogad jkjotnga notgx~+

    lj fssz`jd gccnoj fs }xjsndjat gc _gztl Fcxnof! Lj ljkd tlj FAO

    }xjsndjao~ zatnk lns gzstjx ft tlj }fxt~s ogacjxjaoj ljkd na ]gkgerfaj+

    na Kn`}g}g ]gnaoj na Djoj`hjx 8==26

    fad tlj }xjsndjao~ gc tljXj}zhkno zatnk lns xjsnbaftnga na _j}tj`hjx 8==

    _naoj lj rfs kgab ogasndjxjd fa FAO ljnx f}}fxjat h~ nxtzj gc

    hjnab tlj sga gc Bgfa @hjen fad okgsj fssgonftj gc Gknjx Tf`hg+

    hgtl FAO xg~fkt~+ @hjens fsojadfao~ sjj`jd najntfhkj tg `fa~!

    Jja sg+ lj rfs agt zanjxsfkk~ }g}zkfx na tlj `gj`jat! Lj naozxxjd

    szs}nonga na nts fx`jd rnab ,Bjnssjx 8==29 8>?-2.+ cjkk gzt rntl

    Og``zanst stfkrfxts Igj _kgg fad Olxns Lfan fad cgzad ln`sjkc+ natlj 6>>=s+ olfkkjabjd cgx }xj-j`najaoj h~+ f`gab gtljxs+ cgx`jx txfdj

    zanganst O~xnk Xf`f}lgsf! Fdxgnt na sndjknanab f stxnab gc }gtjatnfk xnfks

    lj cnafkk~ cjkk }xj~+ }gkntnofkk~+ tg tlj ogfkntnga tlft bftljxjd fxgzad gaj-

    tn`j @hjen `fa fad cgx`jx FAO natjkknbjaoj olnjc Ifogh Yz`f!

    @hjens fsojadfao~ rfs na ejj}nab rntl tlj }xg`najat xgkj na tlj

    FAO gc fotnnsts cxg` tlj Jfstjxa Of}j+ tlj fxjf na rlnol Hfatz-s}jfejxs

    cnxst ogkkndjd rntl rlntj sjttkjxs na tlj 6tl-

    ojatzx~ xjczbjjs cxg` Aftfk dns}jxsjd h~ natxf-Fcxnofa rfxs! Tlj Cnabg

    stggd gzt fs Olxnstnfansjd fad `gdjxansnab gztsndjxs f`gabst tlj \lgsf

    fad+ nadjjd+ rjxj nantnfkk~ }jxojnjd fs ogkkfhgxftgxs rntl tlj Hxntnsl5 hzt

    tlns bxgz} dzk~ j|}jxnjaojd tlj hnttjx tfstj gc rlntj }grjx+ na tlj @hjen

    cf`nk~s ofsj na tlj cgx` gc dgrarfxd sgonfk `ghnknt~ cxg` fa jfxknjxajfx-bjatx~ stftzs! @hjen rfs ,vznjtk~. foozsjd gc }foenab lns Ofhnajt

    fad dnxjotgx-bjajxfk }gsts rntl \lgsfs ,Iglasga 8==>9 ::2.!

    >=s+ og`}jtjd cgx nackzjaoj rntl tlj Xghhja

    Nskfadjxs fad tlj naynkjs jtjxfas gc tlj Zantjd Dj`goxftno Cxgat+

    tlj Ogabxjss gc _gztl Fcxnofa Txfdj Zangas fad gtljx dg`jstno

    cgx`ftngas fotnj nasndj _gztl Fcxnof dzxnab tlj z}xnsnabs gc tlj 6>

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    sjxjd fa ndjgkgbnofk rgxkd-njr+ gaj tlft nackzjaojd hgtl lns bgfks

    fad `jtlgds! Tlft rgxkd-njr olfabjd na }fttjxa fad lzj gjx tn`j+

    hzt nt xjtfnajd sg`j n`}gxtfat slf}nab jkj`jats!

    Tlzs @fx|ns`-Kjanans` xj`fnajd nsnhkj+ jja fs tlj sgonfkns`

    ojfsjd tg hj! @hjen rfs hxgzblt z} na f og``zanst cf`nk~5 fa _FO]

    `j`hjx cxg` jfxk~ 6>36 gx 6>38 zatnk 6>>= ,Bjnssjx 8==29 642=+ xjojnjd ndjgkgbnofk fad

    `nkntfx~ txfnanab na @gsogr na 6>3>-26 fad+ cgx f rlnkj+ rfs bxgg`jd

    fs f cztzxj _FO] kjfdjx! @-K rfs nsnhkj `gst ghngzsk~ na @hjensfabzfxdnst f}}xgfol tg }gkntnos fad bgjxafaoj+ rlnol fxj ogasndjxjd

    na `gxj djtfnk hjkgr! Nt rfs `zol kjss jndjat na lns `fxejt-cxnjadk~

    jogag`nos! Nxganofkk~+ tlgzbl+ @fx|ns`-Kjanans` ljk}jd @hjen tg

    izstnc~ lns foog``gdftnga gc of}ntfknst bkghfknsftnga fad lns og``nt-

    `jat tg cgstjxnab f hkfoe }ftxngtno hgzxbjgnsnj ,Bjnssjx 8==29 438-45

    Iglasga 8==>9 2>.! Tlj og``zanst trg-stfbj tljgx~ gc xjgkztnga

    j|}kfnajd tlj }xngxnt~ gc aftngafk dj`goxfo~ gjx sgonfkns` fad+ogxxjs}gadnabk~+ rl~ tlj FAO slgzkd xj`fna f aftngafknst xftljx tlfa

    hjog`j f sgonfknst gxbfansftnga!? _onjatncno @fx|ns` stxjssjd tgg+ rntl

    @hjen+ tlj n`}gxtfaoj gc ghijotnjk~ fafk~snab tlj hfkfaoj gc okfss

    cgxojs na djtjx`nanab rlft rfs }gssnhkj ft f bnja ogaizaotzxj5 Kjana+

    na }fxtnozkfx+ gccjxjd @hjen f gofhzkfx~ cgx fttfoenab zktxf-kjctns`

    ,fa nacfatnkj dnsgxdjx+ foogxdnab tg Kjana.! Ljxj rfs @fx|ns`-

    Kjanans` fs }jx tlj Kjana _olggk+ hzt j`}tnjd gc nts sgonfknst ogatjat!

    @hjens gtljx ndjgkgbnofk stxfad ns xfdnofk fatn-ogkganfk aftngafkns`!

    Na lns ofsj tlns fancjstjd ntsjkc na }fa-Fcxnofans` fad+ gxj bjajxfkk~+

    na f xfonfknsjd Tlnxd-Rgxkdns`! @hjen nasnstjatk~ fttxnhztjd Fcxnofs

    cfnknabs tg Jzxg}jfa ogkganfkns`+ gccjxjd sgkndfxnt~ tg kjfdjxs na tlj

    _gztl zadjx fttfoe cxg` tlj Rjst fad txnjd tg kfzaol fa Fcxnof-rndj

    Xjafnssfaoj! Cgx sg`j kjctnst oxntnos ,j!b!+ ]ftxnoe Hgad U8==4P.@hjens }fa-Fcxnofa+ Tlnxd-Rgxkdnst fad fatn-n`}jxnfknst }gsntnganab

    rfs sn`}k~ lns rf~ gc tfkenab kjct rlnkj rfkenab xnblt+ js}jonfkk~

    6=

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    20/49

    jogag`nofkk~! Ojxtfnak~+ @hjen slgrjd knttkj natjxjst na tlj stftnst

    sgonfkns` fad }xj-of}ntfknst og``zafkns` }zatjd h~ jfxknjx bjajx-

    ftngas gc kjctnst Fcxnofa aftngafknsts! Hzt cjr rlg lfj }jxzsjd @hjens

    gaknaj soxjjds+ gx rlg lfj txnjd tg `fej sjasj gc lns fotngas fad

    snkjaojs+ ofa dgzht tlft lj ljkd lns fatn-ogkganfknst stfaoj rntl f snaojxj

    hnttjxajss! Nt ns f `jxnt gc Kfadshjxbs j|jbjsns tlft lj tfejs @hjens

    cgxjnba-}gkno~ ndjfkns` sjxngzsk~! Rlftjjx gaj tlnaes gc Kfadshjxbs

    djcjaoj gc @hjens cgxjnba }gkno~+ nt }xgojjds cxg` f ogxxjot }xj`nsj+

    tlft @hjen }gssjssjd fad fotjd ga f rgxkd-njr+ gaj tlft ignajdxjfkns` tg f }gkntnos gc Tlnxd-Rgxkdns` fad xfonfk xjdxjss! Rlnkj Sfkj

    ns `gxj ,}xg}jxk~+ na `~ njr. oxntnofk gc @hjen-jxf cgxjnba }gkno~+ lj

    ns fxbzfhk~ tgg vznoe tg xjdzoj nt tg ajg-knhjxfk fad xjfknst ofkozkftngas!

    Nc lz`fa xnblts of`j sjogad na @hjens cgxjnba }gkno~ tlns rfs

    }xghfhk~ dzj fs `zol tg tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjats ndjfknstno agtngas gc

    xfonfk fad _gztl-_gztl sgkndfxnt~ fs nt rfs tg ofkozkftngas gc _gztl

    Fcxnofs natjxjsts+ jogag`nofkk~ ogaojnjd gx gtljxrnsj!Tlj }xg`najaoj gc xfoj na @hjens rgxkd-njr xjvznxjs s}jonfk

    fttjatnga! Tlj }zyykj+ cgx `fa~ ghsjxjxs+ kf~ na lns f}}fxjat `jtf`gx-

    }lgsns cxg` fccfhkj Fabkg}lnkj natg }xnoek~ xfonfk aftngafknst! Snsnhkj fs

    f snbancnofat ogaojxa fkxjfd~ dzxnab lns dj}zt~-}xjsndjao~+ xfoj hjof`j

    f ojatxfk `gtnc gc @hjens }xjsndjao~! Na fxngzs rf~s fad cgxz`s lj

    of`j tg olf`}nga f rgxkd-njr foogxdnab tg rlnol rlntjs ft lg`j fad

    na tlj Agxtl rjxj agr+ fs jjx+ djtjx`najd tg j|}kgnt fad djbxfdj

    Fcxnofas tg n`}gjxnsl tlj`5 zsj tlj` fs cgddjx na `jdnofk j|}jxn-

    `jats5 stjxjgt~}j tlj` fs ngkjat+ jafk fad kzstczk5 n`}gsj z}ga tlj`

    ljfxtkjss Rjstjxa fkzjs fad tg }xgj tlj~ rjxj naof}fhkj gc sjkc-bgjxa-

    `jat! Fcxnofas f}}jfxjd na lns foogzat fs f rfx` fad og``zafk }jg}kj+

    rxgabjd h~ Rjstjxa jnkdgjxs+ ogkkjotnjk~ gxfkk~ }xnstnaj }xngx tg tljnx

    ogxxz}tnga h~ rlntj ngkjaoj fad ftjxnfkns`+ fad stnkk jx~ zol notn`s!Rl~ tlns f}}fxjat xfonfk tzxa7 Nt ns }xg}jx tg foeagrkjdbj gaj

    knejk~ stn`zkfat tg nt9 tlj cfot tlft+ ~jfxs fctjx 6>>4+ rlntjs na _gztl

    66

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    Fcxnof xj`fna dns}xg}gxtngaftjk~ jogag`nofkk~ }grjxczk+ `ftjxnfkk~

    }xnnkjbjd fad na f bggd `fa~ ofsjs zaxjogaonkjd tg hkfoe xzkj!

    Tljxj ns fksg tlj cfot tlft+ cgx fkk nts }gst-6>:= aga-xfonfkns`+ tlj FAO

    ajjx fhfadgajd nts og``nt`jat tg tlj knhjxftnga gc hkfoes na bjajxfk

    fad Fcxnofas na }fxtnozkfx!

    Hzt tljxj f}}jfxs tg hj gxj ft rgxe tlfa tljsj cfots na @hjens gra

    txfas`gbxncnoftnga natg xfonfk aftngafknst! Nt agr sjj`s knejk~ tlft lj

    rfs ajjx tlj stxfnbltcgxrfxdk~ rjstjxansjd aga-xfonfknst sg`j rlntjs

    n`fbnajd tlj~ sfr na tlj 6>>4 dn}kg`ftno xgkj f~lfj xjvznxjd ln` tg gjx}kf~ lns Rjstjxa sndj jja fs+ narfxdk~+ lj cjkt

    f }grjxczk zxbj tg xjokfn` lns Fcxnofaajss ,Bjnssjx 8==29 :24-:.!

    Tlj s}knt na @hjens }jxsgaf hjtrjja ogs`g}gkntfans` fad xjtzxa-

    tg-tlj-sgzxoj ~jfxanab f~ gxnbnaftj+ gx sg Bjnssjxs hngbxf}l~ n`}knjs+

    na tlj f`hnbzntnjs gc tlj jdzoftjd fad xjkftnjk~ rjkk-gcc @hjen cf`nk~s

    nasndjx-gztsndjx stftzs f`gabst tlj xjd \lgsf ,8==29 4>-:8.! Dzxnab

    lns 6>3=s Hxntnsl j|nkj @hjen jabfbjd f}}xjonftnjk~ rntl tlj ndjfs gcR J H dz Hgns+ @fxozs Bfxj~+ Fn` Osfnxj+ Kjg}gkd _jablgx+ Cxfaty

    Cfaga fad @fkogk` \ fad jstfhknsljd knaes rntl Hkfoe Ogasongzsajss

    fotnnsts! Kftjx lj cjkk gzt s}jotfozkfxk~ rntl lns gaj-tn`j `jatgx+ tlj

    rlntj xjgkztngafx~ Igj _kgg ,Bjnssjx 8==29 88=+ ?64-82+ ?-

    2=.! @hjen cgxbjd f tfont fkknfaoj rntl Fcxnofansts dzxnab lns 6>>=s

    xnfkx~ rntl tlj aga-xfonfk kjct fad naynkjs fad xjsjatjd rlntj sz}}gxt

    cgx O~xnk Xf`f}lgsfs kjfdjxsln} f`hntngas ,Bz`jdj 8==:9 ?>5

    Bjnssjx 8==29 3=4-6=+ 3?>-42.! Fs ]xjsndjat+ @hjen rfs jfbjx tg

    jsof}j tlj slfdgr gc tlj nogano @fadjkf+ rlg` lj }xnftjk~ foozsjd

    gc agt dgnab jagzbl tg ljk} hkfoes ,Bz`jdj 8==:9 :?-25 Bjnssjx 8==29

    2=2-68.! Lj cgzad na rlntj xfons` f xjfsszxnab j|}kfaftnga cgx

    }ljag`jaf lj cgzad dnsogaojxtnab+ agtfhk~ tlj `jdnofk-sonjatncno okfn`

    tlft Fcxnofas rjxj notn`s gc f kjtlfk dnsjfsj sj|zfkk~ txfas`nttjd rntlnatljnx xfaes fad tlj oxntnons` tg rlnol lj rfs szhijotjd gjx lns }gknonjs

    ga FND_+ Yn`hfhrj fad tlj fx`s djfk! Tg tljsj cfotgxs xjnacgxonab lns

    68

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    6?

    xfoj ogasongzsajss `zst hj fddjd lns fkknfaoj rntl jkj`jats gc f xnsnab

    hkfoe `nddkj okfss jfbjx tg dns}kfoj okfss-stxzbbkj xljtgxno rntl f `gxj

    ogabjanfk xljtgxno gc xfonfk og`}jtntnga!

    Bgjxanab st~kj

    @hjen rfs tlj jkjotjd kjfdjx gc f dj`goxftno stftj+ gaj tlft lfs ,ft kjfst

    zatnk tlj fdjat gc xjojatk~ }xg}gsjd `jdnf xjstxnotngas. hjja f`gabst

    tlj `gxj }kfzsnhkj Fcxnofa j|j`}kfxs gc Lzatnabtgas tlnxd rfj gc

    Dj`goxftnsftnga ,Lzatnabtga 6>>6.! Hzt tg lns `fa~ oxntnos Dj}zt~]xjsndjat+ kftjx ]xjsndjat @hjen f}}jfxjd tg hj fa fztlgxntfxnfa cnbzxj

    txf}}jd ,og`cgxtfhk~ lgzsjd+ sg`j kjctnsts `nblt ogatjad. na f knhjxfk-

    dj`goxftno ,gx hgzxbjgns. nastntztngafk sljkk! Lj }jxsgancnjd na tljsj

    oxntnos j~js f }gkntnos gc ojatxfknsftnga+ }fxfagnf+ fjxsnga tg oxntnons`

    fad nadnccjxjaoj tg tlj }fna gc lns cjkkgr ontnyjas! @hjen+ cxg` 6>>4+ kjd

    f ojatxfknsnab txjad jndjat na+ f`gab gtljx `gjs+ tlj lnbl-lfadjd

    n`}gsntnga gc tlj Bxgrtl+ J`}kg~`jat fad Xjdnstxnhztnga ,BJFX.jogag`no stxftjb~ na 6>>3+ tlj tg}-dgra dj}kg~`jat gc ofdxjs tg FAO-

    ogatxgkkjd }xgnaojs fad `zanon}fkntnjs cxg` 6>>2 fad tlj oxjftnga gc f

    sz}jx }xjsndjao~ cxg` 6>>>! Lns fztlgxntfxnfans` cgzad j|}xjssnga na

    hxgfdsndjs fbfnast xjfk gx n`fbnajd oxntnos+ djknjxjd ft Txn}fxtntj Fkknfaoj

    gxbfansftnga ogacjxjaojs gx na lns gaknaj ogkz`a+ fad dnxjotjd sg`jtn`js

    ft nadnndzfk ontnyjas5 fad fksg na }kgttnab+ sg`j gc nt nagknab tlj stftj

    sjozxnt~ f}}fxftzs+ tg sndjknaj }jxojnjd xnfks! @hjen tfkejd fad+ `gxj

    goofsngafkk~+ fotjd na rf~s tlft sjj`jd tlxjftjanab tg fa~ na tlj `jdnf+

    izdnonfx~+ g}}gsntnga }fxtnjs fad gxbfansjd onnk sgonjt~!

    ]fxt gc tlj j|}kfaftnga cgx @hjens zadj`goxftno rf~s szxjk~ knjs na

    lns ndjgkgbnofk knajfbj! @fx|ns`-Kjanans` fad xfdnofk aftngafkns` }zkkjd

    ln`+ fad tlj FAO+ tgrfxds fztlgxntfxnfans`! Tlj `gdjk }xgccjxjd h~

    jfxknjx @fx|nst-kjd fatn-ogkganfk `gj`jats kjbntn`ftjd f ogaoj}tnga gctlj FAO fs tlj j`hgdn`jat gc f xjgkztngafx~ nssnga fad }jg}kj! Hgtl

    ndjgkgbnjs jaogzxfbjd f dnstxzst gc }gkntnofk }kzxfkns`+ cgx`fk dj`goxfo~

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    23/49

    fad tlj ndjf gc f ajztxfk gx aga-}fxtnsfa stftj+ cfgzxnab+ na nts stjfd+ f

    zantfx~ fad }zx}gsnj ogaoj}tnga gc tlj stftj+ gaj tlft kggejd tg naokzsnj

    `fss `ghnknsftnga hjlnad f slfxjd lnstgxnofk tfse xftljx tlfa tg g}ja-

    jadjd ogatjstftnga f`gabst og`}jtnab sgonjtfk }xgijots!

    Kjanans` fad kjct-nackjotjd aftngafkns` ignatk~ sz}}knjd f gofhzkfx~

    cgx tfxxnab oxntnos ,hkfoe+ rlntj+ kjct+ xnblt. fs xjfotngafxnjs+ ogzatjx-

    xjgkztngafxnjs fad fbjats! ,Rj oftol fa jfxk~ bkn`}sj gc @hjens

    njr gc dnssjat na lns jatlzsnfstno jadgxsj`jat gc tlj _gnjt oxzslnab

    gc tlj ]xfbzj _}xnab na 6>3< UBjnssjx 8==29 6>=s+ hzt lns Kjanans` fad xfdnofk aftngafkns` szxjk~ ljk}

    tg j|}kfna tlj enad gc offknjx fttntzdj tg ogastntztngafkns` tlft tlj

    Ofkkfad fad Lj~rggd olf}tjxs slgr na djtfnk tg olfxfotjxnsj tlj

    cgx`jx }xjsndjats tjazxj!

    Lgr `zol tlns `fttjxs dj}jads+ na }fxt+ ga rljxj gaj ns og`nab

    cxg`! Lzdsgas tljgxjtnofk ogatxnhztnga xfnsjs }xggoftnj vzjstngas

    fhgzt tlj f}}xg}xnftjajss gc f stfadfxd knhjxfk ~fxdstnoe cgx jfszxnab

    @hjens xjogxd! Lzdsgas lg}j ns najstjd na tlj }gssnhnknt~ gc `gxj

    xfdnofkk~ txfascgx`ftnj `jtxnos! Cgx tlns jdntgx ft kjfst+ tlj okjfx

    n`}knoftnga gc Dzaofas fad Lj~rggds ogatxnhztngas ns tlft xj}xjssnj

    ,gx nkknhjxfk. fs}jots gc tlj @hjen bgjxa`jat rjxj fs knejk~ tg hj

    dnxjotjd ft xfdnofkk~ txfascgx`ftnj oxntnos gc FAO xzkj fs tlj~ rjxj

    ft xjfotngafx~ gajs! Knhjxfk-dj`goxftno fkzjs fad nastntztngas }xgtjot}xgbxjssnj fs rjkk fs ogasjxftnj cgxojs! Lzdsga og`}kfnas tlft sg`j

    sgonfknsts rlg nasnst+ stnkk+ ga tlj }gssnhnknt~ gc fktjxaftnj jogag`no

    64

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    s~stj`s }xgojjd fs tlgzbl tljxj ns ag fktjxaftnj tg knhjxfk dj`goxfo~

    fs f }gkntnofk s~stj`! Fa fktjxaftnj tfej ns tlft knhjxfk dj`goxfo~ ns

    }xjonsjk~ tlj af`j gc tlj }gkntnofk s~stj` tlft }jx`nts+ ft kjfst na }xna-

    on}kj+ f }zhkno olgnoj hjtrjja xnfk jogag`no }xgbxf``js! Tljsj

    olgnojs fxj szhijot+ zadjx knhjxfk dj`goxfo~+ tg ogastntztngafk oljoes

    fad tg tlj jjx-}xjsjat }gssnhnknt~ gc xjjxsfk h~ cztzxj }zhknos+ jkjo-

    tgxfkk~ xjogajajd! Hzt lgr jksj rgzkd Lzdsga lfj nt7 Agx ajjd tlj

    olgnojs cfgzx sjkc-natjxjstjd nadnndzfkns` gx ogacgzad txfas-

    cgx`ftnj bgfks+ fs Lzdsga n`}knjs5 _gztl Fcxnofs knhjxfk-dj`goxftnoOgastntztnga }jx`nts f ogasndjxfhkj kjjrf~ cgx sgonfk-dj`goxftno

    j|}jxn`jatftnga5 nadjjd nt `fadftjs sg`j!

    Gaj gct-ljfxd izstncnoftnga gc @hjen-st~kj ojatxfknsftnga rfs tlft nt

    rfs ajojssfx~ tg tlj xftngafk bgjxafaoj gc f sg`jtn`js olfgtno }gknt~

    fad sgonjt~ ,sjj+ j!b!+ Bjnssjx 8==29 263.! Ojatxfknsjd j|joztnj kjfdjx-

    sln} ns njrjd h~ szol djcjadjxs fs f }xjogadntnga cgx djknjx~ na tlj

    cfoj gc naog`}jtjat gx ogxxz}t kgrjx tnjxs gc stftj+ ogacknotnab izxns-dnotngas fad hzxjfzoxftno xjsnstfaoj! Tlns knaj gc fxbz`jat+ na tzxa+ jknonts

    tlj okfn`+ xjntjxftjd na tlns gkz`j h~ Cxnjd`fa+ tlft @hjens FAO

    n`}gsjd f tjolagoxfo~ ga _gztl Fcxnof! Cxnjd`fa natxnbznabk~ knaes nts

    tjolagoxftno st~kj tg tlj ajr jkntjs xfonfk nasjozxntnjs5 cgx ln`+ nt nsszjd

    cxg` f ogkkjotnj fa|njt~ tg }xgj tg rlntjs tlft hkfoes rjxj of}fhkj gc

    bggd bgjxafaoj! Tlns fttj`}t tg f}}jfsj xfonst rlntjs rfs fa jxxgx+

    foogxdnab tg Cxnjd`fa+ og``nttnab tlj FAO tg f }ftl gc lnbl-lfadjd

    `fafbjxnfkns`+ sz}}xjssnga gc kjbntn`ftj ndjgkgbnofk djhftj fad tlj

    n`}gsntnga gc jkntnst agx`s gc j|ojkkjaoj fad gxdjx! Tljxj rfs okjfxk~ f

    tjolagoxftno fs}jot tg+ sf~+ tlj @hjen-jxf ,6>>4-8==

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    bgnab tg xj}jft tlj `nstfejs gc Fcxnof+ `nstfejs tlft lj }jxojnjd tg

    naokzdj jogag`no }g}zkns` fad stftj `ns`fafbj`jat!

    _tnkk+ tljxj fxj bxgzads tg vznhhkj rntl tlj tjolagoxfo~ tljsns na nts

    zafkkg~jdcgx`+ rntl nts n`}knoftnga gc og``nt`jat tg nastxz`jatfk

    xftngafknt~+ xzkj h~ j|}jxts fad fhgj-tlj-cxf~ ghijotnnt~! Nt zadjx-

    jstn`ftjs+ szxjk~+ tlj oxgssozttnab n`}jxftnjs gc xfoj-hfsjd xjoxznt`jat+

    FAO }fxtnsfasln} fad }jxsgafk kg~fkt~ xzaanab tlxgzbl tlj xzkj gc

    @hjen fad lns szhgxdnaftjs! Tljsj fxj agt `jxntgoxftno n`}jxftnjs!

    Fad nc FAO xzkj zadjx @hjen rfs tjolagoxftno+ tlja nt fxbzfhk~ cfnkjd+jja ga nts gra tjx`s cgx @hjen }xjsndjd gjx tlj djtjxngxftnga gc

    lgs}ntfk fad jdzoftngafk sjxnojs+ jajxb~ }xgnsnga+ nacxfstxzotzxj fad

    gtljx bggds tlft tjolagoxfts `nblt hj sz}}gsjd tg hj bggd ft

    djknjxnab! Cxnjd`fas xjfd~ sgkztnga tg tlns kfttjx }zyykj ns tg fxbzj

    tlft tlj FAO sjt ntsjkc z} cgx cfnkzxj9 nastjfd gc dxfrnab ga nts

    stxjabtls fs f }g}zkfx `gj`jat ,nt rgzkd hj zsjczk tg lfj tljsj

    djtfnkjd.+ nt j`hfxejd ga fa jkntnst fad tjolagoxftno ogzxsj tlft ntkfoejd tlj of}font~ tg sjj tlxgzbl! @~ gra naoknaftnga ns tg tlnae gc

    @hjen-ns` fs tgxa hjtrjja tjolagoxftno fad aftngafknst dgb`fs+ hzt

    Cxnjd`fa ojxtfnak~ }gsnts f }grjxczk fktjxaftnj tg tlj `fnastxjf`

    tljsns tlft tlj FAO szccjxjd cxg` tgg knttkj+ xftljx tlfa tgg `zol+

    ogaojxa rntl tjolanofk og`}jtjaoj!

    Ga tlj nsszj gc stftj ,na.of}font~+ `gxj kftjx!

    Ogaoj}tnga gc tlj xjkftngasln} hjtrjja eagrkjdbj fad }grjx

    @hjen rfs og``gak~ olfxbjd rntl hjnab f djanfknst+ fad tlns olfxbj

    tgzoljs ga fa fs}jot gc @hjen-ns` tlft xjojnjs naszccnonjat fttjatnga9

    lns }jozknfx ogaoj}tnga gc tlj xjkftngasln} hjtrjja eagrkjdbj+

    dnsogzxsj fad }grjx! Djanfk ofa `jfa f az`hjx gc tlnabs9 f xjczsfk

    tg fd`nt tlft sg`jtlnab ns sg5 f xjkzotfaoj tg ogacxgat gx fddxjss fafoeagrkjdbjd xjfknt~5 f ogbantnj szhgxdnaftnga gc ns tg gzblt ,fs

    na+ tlns ofaagt hj txzj hjofzsj nt gzblt agt tg hj.5 f hjknjc tlft xjfknt~

    63

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    ofa hj fktjxjd h~ fssjxtnga+ gx h~ df`anab tlgsj hjfxnab hfd ajrs!

    Fkk gc tljsj `jfanabs cgzad j|}xjssnga+ N rgzkd fxbzj+ na @hjens

    djanfkns`! @jdnofk gxtlgdg|~ ga FND_ gzblt agt tg lfj hjja txzj

    hjofzsj na @hjens xjfdnab nt ogacnx`jd stjxjgt~}js fad hkf`jd

    notn`s tljxjcgxj ogzkd agt hj! Nc tlj gxtlgdg|~ ogzkd agt hj txzj+

    nts hjfxjxs `zst hj `fknongzs9 na tlns ofsj+ fbjats gc f ogkganfknst

    dnsogzxsj gc `jdnofk-sonjatncno dg`naftnga! Nc tlj gxtlgdg|~ sjxjs

    ogkganfknst dg`naftnga+ nt ns }xg}jx nadjjd+ f xjgkztngafx~ xjvznxj-

    `jat tg ogzatjx nt+ rljtljx tlxgzbl }fssnj-fbbxjssnj snkjaoj+tj|tzfk xjsnstfaoj ,fs na gaknaj }gkj`nos. gx h~ dnjxtnab tlj xjsgzxojs

    gc stftj tg djfknab rntl gtljx sgonfk fkfdnjs tlft ofa hj gxj }kfzsnhk~

    fttxnhztjd tg Rjstjxa ogkganfkns` fad tlj }gjxt~ nt s}frajd! _n`nkfx

    tlgzblt }fttjxas fxj djtjotfhkj na @hjens f}}xgfoljs tg tg}nos knej

    oxn`j+ Yn`hfhrj fad |jag}lghnf!

    _gztl Fcxnofas ,fad Yn`hfhrjfas. }fnd f tjxxnhkj }xnoj cgx tlns

    j}nstj`gkgb~! Tlj `gst jbxjbngzs rfs na knjs+ hzt f hjknjc tlftslggtnab `jssjabjxs fktjxs xjfknt~ fksg }gsjs f dnxjot tlxjft tg `jdnf

    cxjjdg`! Tlns tlxjft sjj`jd tg `ftjxnfknsj na 8===+ rlja tlj _gztl

    Fcxnofa Lz`fa Xnblts Og``nssnga ,_FLXO. kfzaoljd fa navznx~

    natg `jdnf xfons`+ gaj tlft hxfadjd fs xfonst ,fad }xjsz`fhk~

    tljxjcgxj fs zatxzj. fkk oxntnons`s gc tlj FAO bgjxa`jat tlft stggd

    tg xjnacgxoj xfonfk stjxjgt~}js! Tlft navznx~ fksg hgxj tjstn`ga~ tg tlj

    og``nssngas hjknjc na tlj goozkt }grjx gc tlj tj|tzfk fad szh-tj|tzfk+

    f }grjx tlft nt }xjsz`jd tg slf}j fad sz}jxsjdj tlj ghijotnj cfots gc

    fa~ bnja `fttjx! Oxntnvzjs gc tlj FAO ajjdjd tg hj fddxjssjd+ agt

    h~ olfabnab tlj j|tjxafk xjfknt~ xjcjxxjd tg h~ jdnf oxntnos agt+ tlft

    ns tg sf~+ h~ fotnab tg fej bgjxa`jat kjss ogxxz}t+ bxjjd~ gx naog`-

    }jtjat hzt h~ }xgnab tlj szhkn`nafkk~ xfonst aftzxj gc oxntnofk tj|ts

    ,Bkfsjx 8===.! Tlj navznx~ rfs kjd h~ tlja _FLXO olfnx}jxsgaHfxaj~ ]nt~faf fad f rlntj xjsjfxoljx+ hzt nt ogaj~jd na jjx~ djtfnk

    tlj s}nxnt gc @hjen-ns`!4

    62

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    Nt ns agt okjfx rl~ @hjen fdg}tjd tlns rf~ gc tlnaenab+ hzt

    }kfzsnhkj ofadndftjs naokzdj lns natjkkjotzfk }xndj fad lns `fssnj

    }jxsgafk najst`jat na lns ndjfs! Hjxjct gc f cf`nk~ gx }xnftj

    lnatjxkfad+ @hjen szhkn`ftjUdP fkk j`gtngas+ fkk xjkftngasln}s+ fkk

    djsnxjs+ natg tlj stxzbbkj cgx knhjxftnga ,Bjnssjx 8==29 ||n|.! Tlj

    rxgabajss gc lns xjgkztngafx~ ndjfs+ gaj `f~ szx`nsj+ stggd tg

    faanlnkftj ln`! Fad tlj }xnaon}fk ndjf na rlnol lj rfs najstjd rfs+

    fbfna foogxdnab tg Bjnssjx ,8==29 |||nn+ ?88-83.+ tlj ndjf tlft hkfoe

    }jg}kj slgzkd djtjx`naj tljnx gra knjs fad ndjatnt~! Hkfoes slgzkdjsof}j tlj bfyj gc tlj Rjst! Tlj~ slgzkd+ rntl Cfaga fad _tjj Hneg+

    izdbj tlj`sjkjs h~ tljnx gra knblts! Nt ns agt fa~ stj}s cxg` ljxj tg

    tlj oganotnga tlft Fcxnofas+ gx ft fa~ xftj tlgsj rlg lfd fttfnajd

    }s~olgkgbnofk sjkc-j`faon}ftnga+ slgzkd xjdjcnaj xjfknt~ ga tljnx gra

    tjx`s! @hjen f}}jfxjd tg njr tlns tfse gc hkfoe sjkc-djcnantnga+ fad

    xjfknt~ xjdjcnantnga+ fs f oxzonfk fs}jot gc lns xgkj fs }lnkgsg}ljx-enab

    gc _gztl Fcxnofs txfasntnga! Ojxtfna cfslngafhkj ndjfs+ `gstk~ dxfracxg` tlj dnsozxsnj zanjxsj gc }gst-sgonfknst ozktzxfk xfdnofkns` fatn-

    sonjatns`+ Cgzofzkdnfa }xjgooz}ftnga rntl tlj eagrkjdbj'}grjx

    aj|zs+ Fcxgojatxns`+ }gst-ogkganfknst tljgx~ }xghfhk~ ljk}jd tg

    slf}j fa natjkkjotzfk okn`ftj na rlnol @hjen ogzkd hjknjj tlj tlnabs

    lj dnd rntl fztlgxnt~ fad ogacndjaoj! Tlj txjadnajss gc szol ndjfs

    bzfxfatjjd ln` ft kjfst f s`fkk ozkt cgkkgrnab ,sjj+ j!b!+ Xgafkd _zxjsl

    Xghjxts+ Fatlga~ Hxnae+ Olxnstnaj Vzatf.!

    AFXXFTNSJ_ GC _ZOOJ__ FAD CFNKZXJ

    Lgr gaj xftjs @hjen gjxfkk ns+ na tlns fs na `fa~ `fttjxs+ nasj}fxfhkj

    cxg` gajs fkzjs fad fccnknftngas! @hjen rga }xfnsj na trg enads gc

    onxokjs! Na tlj 6>>=s fad natg tlj 8===s+ lj jknontjd rndjs}xjfdfd`nxftnga f`gabst xj}xjsjatftnjs gc hzsnajss fad rlntj sgonjt~ cgx tlj

    enad gc }jxsgaf lj }xgijotjd tg tlj`+ snaojxjk~ gx gtljxrnsj9 tlj }jxsgaf

    6

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    kgabjx lfs nts dxnjx ft tlj tg}! @fa~ ej~ hkfoe-aftngafknst cnbzxjs sfr

    tljnx ofxjjxs jokn}sjd rntl tlft gc @hjen!

    @hjens `gst }jxsnstjat ndjgkgbnofk oxntnos of`j cxg` tlj Kjct+ hgtl

    nasndj tlj xzknab Txn}fxtntj Fkknfaoj rntlna rlnol tlj _FO] fad tlj

    Ogabxjss gc _gztl Fcxnofa Txfdj Zangas ,Ogsftz. of`j tg cjjk

    naoxjfsnabk~ fxbnafknsjd fad cxg` tlj onnk-sgonjt~ fad cfx kjct hj~gad!

    Fkk tljsj oxntnos ljkd @hjen xjs}gasnhkj cgx rlft tlj~ }jxojnjd+ rntl

    sg`j izstncnoftnga+ tg hj f djonsnj slnct tg tlj xnblt ga jogag`no }gkno~

    na 6>>3! Tlj Kjct ogz}kjd tlj oxntnvzj gc @hjen-ntj ajg-knhjxfkns` rntltlj olfxbj tlft @hjen n`}gsjd tlns }gkno~ olfabj h~ cnft! G}}gsntnga tg

    ajg-knhjxfkns` s}frajd f rlgkj fxxf~ gc kjctnst sgonfk `gj`jat

    gxbfansftngas cxg` tlj jad gc tlj 6>>=s+ gaj tlft dgjtfnkjd rntl tlj

    natjxaftngafk fatn-of}ntfknst gx fatn-bkghfknsftnga `gj`jat! Tlj `gst

    szoojssczk gc tlj kjct-fotnnst sgonfk `gj`jat gxbfansftngas+ tlj Txjft-

    `jat Fotnga Of`}fnba+ lfd+ gc ogzxsj+ nts gra }xjgooz}ftnga9 @hjens

    djanfk gc kncj-sfnab txjft`jat tg `nkkngas gc LNS'FND_ szccjxjxs!Tljxj fksg ox~stfkknsjd f stxfad gc xghzst knhjxfk oxntnons` gc @hjen

    fad lns bgjxa`jat! Tlj rlntj-kjd Dj`goxftno Fkknfaoj ,DF. cgx`jd

    gaj ojatxj cgx tlns oxntnvzj5 `jdnf og``jatftgxs+ `fa~ gc tlj` hkfoe+

    tlj gtljx! Tljsj nastntztngas fad fotgxs cgx`jd f enad gc knhjxfk }zhkno

    g}nanga tlft rfs djtjx`najd tg szhijot tlj bgjxa`jat tg f kjjk gc

    soxztna~ fad+ na tlj ofsj gc tlj DF+ tg f Rjst`nastjx-st~kj fdjxsfxnfk

    g}}gsntnga tlft `fa~ na tlj FAO fad bgjxa`jat f}}jfxjd tg

    ogasndjx ozktzxfkk~ dnsxjs}jotczk fad xfonfkk~ nasjasntnj!

    Xj}xjsjatnab f s}jotxz` tlft stxjtoljd cxg` xnbltrnab knhjxfk

    gxbfansftngas knej tlj Ljkja _zy`fa Cgzadftnga tlxgzbl tg knhjxfk-

    kjct ABGs knej tlj Nastntztj cgx Dj`goxfo~ na Fcxnof ,Ndfsf.+ tlj

    hjfxjxs gc knhjxfk }zhkno g}nanga kf`hfstjd tlj @hjen bgjxa`jat cgx+

    f`gab gtljx snas+ nts xjxfonfknsftnga gc _gztl Fcxnof+ oxga~ns` fadnaon}njat fztlgxntfxnfans`! Tlgzbl @hjen `gxj gx kjss ghsjxjd

    knhjxfk-dj`goxftno ogastntztngafk bxgzad xzkjs+ lj of`j+ cgx `fa~ gc

    8=

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    tlj`+ tg }jxsganc~ tlj FAOs frerfxd j`hxfoj: gc knhjxfkns`! Tlja

    fbfna+ tlj sgonfkk~ ogasjxftnj fad }g}zknst Yz`f }jxsgancnjs nt gxj

    zaf`hnbzgzsk~ rlnol ns rl~ knhjxfks dnd agt igna tlj Txn}fxtntj

    Fkknfaoj Kjct na rjkog`nab Yz`f fs @hjens szoojssgx! ,@fa~ na tlj

    nadj}jadjat Kjct rjxj soj}tnofk fhgzt Yz`f tgg+ nt slgzkd hj fddjd!.

    Ofa gaj dnnaj cxg` tljsj dnstnaotnj knajs gc oxntnvzj f zancnjd

    tljgx~ gc @hjens xzkj7 Nt ns agtfhkj tlft tljxj rfs f ogajxbjaoj

    hjtrjja knhjxfk fad kjctnst oxntnos ga ft kjfst trg }gnats9 tlft @hjen

    }xfotnsjd f dj`goxfo~-tlxjftjanab st~kj gc bgjxa`jat fad tlft lns}gkntnos gc djknjx~ dnd tgg knttkj tg ljk} gxdnafx~ ontnyjas! Tlj~ fksg

    fbxjjd na tljnx oxntnons` gc @hjens }gknonjs ga FND_ fad Yn`hfhrj!

    Tlns ogajxbjaoj `f~ lfj czjkkjd @hjens }jxoj}tnga gc fa zalgk~

    fkknfaoj fbfnast ln`+ stxjtolnab cxg` rlntj knhjxfks tg hkfoe txfdj

    zangansts tlj sgxt gc fkknfaoj tlft+ @hjen `f~ lfj agtnojd+

    olfkkjabjd @zbfhj na Yn`hfhrj! Tlj ogajxbjaoj fksg ljk}s tg

    j|}kfna rl~ @hjen rfs sg nsgkftjd na tlj jad+ js}jonfkk~ rlja Kjctfad knhjxfk oxntnons` rfs jolgjd cxg` rntlna tlj FAO h~ f ogfkntnga

    gc ErfYzkz-Aftfk jtlagxjbngafknsts+ gztl Kjfbzjxs fad f }fxfdj gc

    rfkenab rgzadjd tlgsj rlg lfd hjja sz``fxnk~ slzatjd fsndj h~

    tlj }xjsndjat! Tlj cfot tlft dnjxsj cfotngas ogaozxxjd na ej~ oxntnons`s

    gc @hjen dgjs agt ntsjkc fkndftj tljnx og`}kfnats5 jfol lfd nts gra

    f|j tg bxnad! Tlj cfot tlft @hjen kjct vzntj sg `fa~ cjjknab slzt gzt

    ajjxtljkjss sjj`s tjkknab+ ft kjfst fhgzt @hjens lnbl-lfadjdajss!3

    TLJ @HJEN XJOGXD9F oxntnofk gjxnjr

    Tlj kjbfo~ gc kjfdjxs knjs agt gak~ na tlj vzfknt~ gc tljnx naagftnga hzt

    fksg na tlj vzfknt~ gc tljnx ozstgdnfasln}! @hjen rfs ozstgdnfa gc ft

    kjfst trg rndjk~ fkzjd kjbfonjs9 tlft gc tlj Cxjjdg` Olfxtjx gc 6>::+rntl nts xnabnab og``nt`jat tg aga-xfonfk fad `zktnxfonfk zant~+ }g}zkfx

    dj`goxfo~ fad fss z}knct`jat5 fad tlj 6>>3 Ogastntztnga+ faagzaonab

    86

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    tlj ajr ogzatx~s cjfkt~ tg fa j|tjadjd fxxf~ gc xnblts! Tljsj naokzdjd

    hkzj xnblts ,jvzfknt~ hjcgxj tlj kfr+ cxjjdg`s gc j|}xjssnga fad

    fssgonftnga+ }gkntnofk }kzxfkns`+ kncjst~kj cxjjdg`+ bgjxa`jat h~

    ogasjat.+ xjd xnblts ,tg lgzsnab+ jdzoftnga+ ljfktl+ szhstfatnj jvzfknt~

    fad }fxtnon}ftgx~ dj`goxfo~. fad rlft nblt hj tjx`jd xfnahgr xnblts

    ,tg bxgz} xjogbantnga fad jvzfknt~.! Rlft sgxt gc f ozstgdnfa gc tljsj

    kjbfonjs rfs @hjen7 N fssjss tlns hxnjck~ zadjx tlxjj ljfdnabs9

    dj`goxfo~+ aftnga hznkdnab fad sgong-jogag`no fdfaoj gc tlj }ggx!

    Ozxngzsk~ jagzbl+ ogasndjxnab @hjens fztlgxntfxnfa nastnaots fadfotngas+ lj kjct tlj dj`goxftno kjbfo~ xjkftnjk~ natfot! Tlj ajr _gztl

    Fcxnof stfxtjd nts kncj fs f knhjxfk dj`goxfo~ hfsjd ga `zktn}fxt~

    og`}jtntnga+ cxjj jkjotngas+ }gkntnofk }kzxfkns` fad fa fztgag`gzs onnk

    sgonjt~5 fad nt ns f }gknt~ fad sgonjt~ gc tlns sgxt tlft @hjen lfadjd

    ga! @fa~ gxbfansftngas gztsndj tlj stftj cjkt tlxjftjajd h~ @hjens

    jxhfk fttfoes+ hzt tlj~ ajjx j|}jxnjaojd gztxnblt xj}xjssnga!

    Jja sg+ @hjen rfs ag cxnjad gc dj`goxftno }kzxfkns`! Lns fztlgxn-tfxnfans` rfs cjkt `gst dnxjotk~ rntlna tlj FAO fad tlj Txn}fxtntj

    Fkknfaoj! Tlns `fttjxjd na f ogzatx~ rljxj tlj xzknab }fxt~ srfkkgrs

    z} sg `zol }gkntnofk s}foj! Tlzs tlj xzknab }fxt~ ogatxgkkjd hgtl tlj

    Aftngafk Fssj`hk~ fad tlj j|joztnj nt rfs sz}}gsjd tg gjxsjj+

    jafhknab @hjen jccjotnjk~ tg ajztjx ]fxknf`jat ,Bz`jdj 8==:9 64=-6.!

    Tlj FAO aftngafk kjfdjxsln} j|}kgntjd nts jkjotgxfk dg`nafaoj

    aftngafkk~+ na tlj }xgnaojs fad kgofkk~ tg j|jxt f ojatxfknsjd ogatxgk

    gc fkk kjjks gc tlj stftj tlxgzbl nts tg}-dgra dj}kg~`jat stxftjb~! Tlns

    rfs }fxt gc f kgabjx-tjx` }xgbxf``j+ jndjaoj szbbjsts+ cgx j|jxonsnab

    og`}xjljasnj ljbj`ga~ gjx tlj stftj fad sgonjt~ ,Oln}ena 8==9 ?=:-?6

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    lfads gc FAO }gkntnofk ojatxfknsjxs! Fs tlj FAO fhsgxhjd tlj stftj+

    tlj stftj rfs+ na tzxa+ dxfra natg xzknab }fxt~ svzfhhkjs fad }kgts! Fs

    Ofkkfad fad G|tgh~ slgr+ }gknoj+ natjkknbjaoj fad kjbfk fbjaonjs

    hjof`j fknbajd rntl }fxtnozkfx FAO cfotngas+ jabfbnab na sjkjotnj

    }xgsjoztngas+ szxjnkkfaoj+ kjfes fad cgxbjx~ tg df`fbj `j`hjxs gc

    xnfk cfotngas! Tlj snabkj `gst cxnbltjanab j}nsgdj na tlj slgxt lnstgx~

    gc }gst-6>>4 _gztl Fcxnofa dj`goxfo~ goozxxjd rlja+ na 8==6+ @hjen

    cfksjk~ okfn`jd+ ga tlj hfsns gc s}jongzs natjkknbjaoj+ tlft tljxj rfs f

    }kgt h~ f xfabj gc }xg`najat FAO cnbzxjs tg gjxtlxgr lns bgjxa-`jat! @hjen rfs cgxojd tg hfoe gcc+ fs lj rfs ga gtljx goofsngas! Nc

    @hjen dnd agt kjtlfkk~ df`fbj _gztl Fcxnofa dj`goxfo~+ tljxj ns knttkj

    dgzht tlft lns kjfdjxsln} jadfabjxjd nt fad tlft nt hjvzjftljd

    dj`goxfo~-jadfabjxnab }xjojdjats tg szoojjdnab bgjxa`jats!

    Dnd tlj @hjen-jxf stftj xjs}jot ontnyjas }gkntnofk onnk xnblts7

    ]gkntnofk ngkjaoj cjkk frf~ dxf`ftnofkk~ fctjx tlj 6>>4 jkjotngas+ hzt

    xj`fnas f cjftzxj gc kgofk-kjjk }gkntnos+ fs dg goofsngafk fssfssnaftngasfad fttj`}tjd fssfssnaftngas+ agtfhk~ gc ogxxz}tnga rlnstkjhkgrjxs

    ,@}z`fkfabf ns fa j|f`}kj.! Fs Dzaofa fkzfhk~ dgoz`jats+ tlj

    stftjs tgkjxfaoj gc `fss }xgtjst lfs }xgja tlna5 lgr `zol @hjen

    lfd }jxsgafkk~ tg dg rntl tlns natgkjxfaoj ns zaokjfx+ hzt FAO-

    ogatxgkkjd gx FAO-olgsja `zanon}fk fad }gknoj gccnonfks fxj ojxtfnak~

    ozk}fhkj+ fad tlj~ g}jxftj na f okn`ftj @hjen cgstjxjd! Lzadxjds gc

    oxn`nafk szs}jots fad }xnsgajxs dnj jjx~ ~jfx ft tlj lfads gc tlj

    }gknoj+ rlg fksg lfxfss zadgoz`jatjd n``nbxfats fad j|tgxt hxnhjs

    cxg` tlj bjajxfk }zhkno!

    _tftj ngkjaoj xjfots tg+ cjjds gcc fad ,nc Dzaofa ns xnblt. sg`jtn`js

    czjks tlj ngkjaoj gc sgonjt~ ntsjkc+ tlj kfttjx fancjstjd na f zxdjx xftj

    fhgzt tja tn`js lnbljx tlfa tlft gc tlj Zantjd _tftjs+ enkknab gc stxnej-

    hxjfejxs+ sjxnoj-djknjx~ xngts+ |jag}lghno }gbxg`s+ jja kjtlfk dxnnab!Tlj dj`goxftno kn`ntftngas gc tlj stftj fxj tlzs `ftoljd h~ tlgsj gc fa

    zaonnk sgonjt~! Nc N lfj f vznhhkj rntl Dzaofa nt ns tlft slj dgjs agt

    8?

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    foeagrkjdbj tlj naonnknt~ gc tlj kfttjx+ tlj aftzxj fad j|tjat gc rlnol

    lfs ajjx hjja czkk~ j|}kfnajd fad rlnol+ tgg+ ngkftjs lz`fa xnblts!

    Aftnga-hznkdnab fxbzfhk~ szccjxjd `gxj n``jdnftj naizx~ zadjx

    @hjen tlfa dnd dj`goxfo~! @zol+ gc ogzxsj+ tzxas ga lgr aftnga-hznk-

    dnab ns zadjxstggd ,kjfj fsndj rljtljx nt ns f bggd ndjf na f bkghfknsjd

    rgxkd fad f |jag}lghno ogzatx~.! Ns nt fhgzt cgxbnab f ogkgzx-hknad }gknt~

    fad sgonjt~7 F `zktnozktzxfk gaj+ ojkjhxftnab zant~ na dnjxsnt~7 Gx ns nt

    fhgzt oj`jatnab aftngafk zant~ fxgzad f `figxntfxnfa ozktzxj7

    @hjen }xghfhk~ zadjxstggd ln`sjkc tg hj cgxbnab f snabkj aftngafaolgxjd na fa Fcxnofa ndjatnt~! Tlj snbancnjx Fcxnofa ns+ ntsjkc+ f`hn-

    fkjat! Na lns cf`gzs N f` fa Fcxnofa s}jjol+ ojkjhxftjd na tlns ogkkjotnga

    h~ Ofkkfad fad G|tgh~+ @hjen j`hxfojd f xfonfkk~ s~aoxjtno jxsnga gc

    nts jfanab5 hzt jja na tlft xjadntnga tlj tjx` Fcxnofa rfs ogzatjx}gsjd

    tg Jzxg}jfa fad Rjstjxa! Gtljx Fcxnofansts+ knej @fkjbf}zxz @febghf

    fad @fkj`f ,fad ]jtjx @gefhf na tlj 6>>=s.+ jstjd Fcxnofa rntl f

    `gxj j|}knontk~ xfonfk `jfanab+ tfenab nt tg xjcjx jntljx tg f xfonfkk~djcnajd }jg}kj gx tg tljnx rf~s! Ft kjfst na tlns xfonfknsjd fxnfat aftnga-

    hznkdnab dj}jads kjss ga rlntjs fooj}tnab f aga-xfonfk onno-aftngafk

    ndjatnt~+ gx ojkjhxftnab tljnx Jzxg}jfa ljxntfbj fs }fxt gc f zktnozktzxfk

    `n|+ tlfa ga tljnx og`nab tg tjx`s rntl tlj cfot tlft tlns ns f hkfoe-

    Fcxnofa ogatnajat fad tlft hkfoe Fcxnofas fxj agr na olfxbj! Rlntjs+

    na tlns jxsnga+ ofa ogaojnfhk~ hjog`j Fcxnofa tlj`sjkjs+ hzt gak~

    h~ j`hxfonab hkfoe-Fcxnofa ozktzxj!

    Ogkgzxjds fad Nadnfas cnad tlj`sjkjs na f stnkk `gxj og`}knoftjd

    }kfoj na tlj aftnga-hznkdnab }xgijot! Tlj~ fxj hkfoe foogxdnab tg f

    ogajatnga na fatn-f}fxtljnd }gkntnos bgnab hfoe tg tlj 6>2=s fad

    foogxdnab tg j`}kg~`jat jvznt~ fad HJJ kjbnskftnga+ hzt cgx `fa~

    aftnnsts nt ns Fcxnofaajss tlft ogzats fad Fcxnofa `jfas s}joncnofkk~

    Hfatz-s}jfenab Fcxnofa! Na tlj xfonfk-Fcxnofanst solj`j tljsj `nag-xntnjs+ izst knej rlntjs+ fxj ofkkjd z}ga tg j`hxfoj tlj }gkntnofk fad

    ozktzxfk fsojadfao~ gc Fcxnofas djcnajd na tlns afxxgrjx rf~!

    84

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    Hzt lgrjjx tlj aftnga ns ogaojnjd rljtljx fs aga-xfonfk+

    `zktnozktzxfk gx Fcxnofa gaj oxzonfk `jfszxj gc tlj szoojss gc aftnga-

    hznkdnab `zst hj nts of}font~ tg hxnab xfonfk `nagxntnjs natg f slfxjd

    sjasj gc aftngalggd! Nc tlft ns tlj g}jxftnj oxntjxnga @hjen `zst hj

    izdbjd tg lfj hjja `zol kjss szoojssczk tlfa lns }xjdjojssgx!

    @fadjkfs og`hnaftnga gc aga-xfonfkns` fad xfnahgr zktnozktzxfk-

    ns` `fdj rf~+ zadjx @hjen+ cgx fa fssjxtnj hkfoe+ sg`jtn`js Fcxnofa

    xfonfk aftngafkns` tlft fknjaftjd agt gak~ rlntjs hzt fksg `fa~

    ogkgzxjds fad Nadnfas! Tlj ajr xzknab jkntjs ogastfat hjxftnab gcs}gxtnab ogdjs fad hzsnajssjs cgx hjnab naszccnonjatk~ txfascgx`jd5

    tlj nasnstjaoj ga xfoj-hfsjd xjoxznt`jat+ }xg`gtnga fad }xgozxj`jat5

    xgrs gjx af`j olfabjs fad tlj Fcxneffas kfabzfbj+ fkk gc tljsj

    ljk}jd tg `fnatfna xfoj xjkftngas na f }jx`fajat stftj gc hnoejxnab!

    Rljtljx fa fssjxtnj xfonfk aftngafkns` rfs fa~rf~ izstncnjd sf~+ na

    tlj af`j gc jvzfknt~ ogastntztjs f sj}fxftj `fttjx cgx djhftj+ hzt tlj

    jbfkntfxnfa ofsj cgx nt sjj`s lfxdk~ okjfx ozt bnja tlft HJJ fad jjafccnx`ftnj fotnga lfj hjajcntjd gak~ f s`fkk nagxnt~ gc hkfoes! Aga-

    xfonfk sgonfknsts fad sgonfk dj`goxfts }jxsnst na tljnx }xjcjxjaoj cgx

    okfss-hfsjd xjdnstxnhztnga!

    Nc @oEfnsjx ns xnblt+ @hjen-ntj aftnga-hznkdnab ajjd agt lfj tzxajd

    gzt tlj rf~ nt dnd! Lj okfn`s tg lfj ndjatncnjd fa jfxknjx @hjen h~

    rlnol lj jfas fa jfxknjx }gst-6>>4 @hjen rlg senkczkk~ s~atljsnsjd

    f ajojssfx~ }gkntnos gc xfonfk xjdxjss rntl fa jvzfkk~ ajojssfx~ }xgijot

    gc oxgss-xfonfk aftnga-hznkdnab! @oEfnsjxs jfxk~ @hjen tlzs }jxcgx`jd

    tlj txnoe tlft @fadjkf dnd agt! @gxj txfbno ns nt+ tljxjcgxj+ @oEfnsjx

    fxbzjs+ tlft tlj kftjx @hjen tlxjr frf~ tlns fdfatfbj na tlj }zxsznt

    gc fa naoxjfsnabk~ ghsjssnj xfonfk jssjatnfkns`! Nts fa natjxjstnab ndjf+

    tlgzbl gaj rlgsj jxncnoftnga rnkk xjvznxj stnkk okgsjx tj|tzfk }fxsnab

    gc tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjats s}jjoljs fad gaknaj gzt}zt!F }jssn`nst `nblt szs}jot tlft xfonfk tjasnga ns naljxjat na tlj _gztl

    Fcxnofa ogadntnga+ rljtljx @hjen ns na olfxbj gx agt ,fad nxxjs}jotnj

    8:

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    gcrlnol @hjen ns na olfxbj.! Tlj }gst-knhjxftnga }xjsjaoj gc f kfxbj

    rlntj }g}zkftnga+ dns}xg}gxtngaftjk~ fcckzjat fad senkkjd+ `f~ sjxj fs

    f }jx`fajat sgzxoj gc nxxntftnga tg fa fs}nxfat hkfoe Fcxnofa `nddkj

    okfss og`}jtnab cgx tlj sf`j hzsnajss fad }xgcjssngafk }kfojs! Tlj

    hkfoe rgxenab okfss fad }ggx dg agt og`}jtj rntl rlntjs na tlj sf`j

    rf~ ,rlntj-ogkkfx rgxejxs f}fxt. fad+ sg`j szxj~ jndjaoj szbbjsts+

    fxj foogxdnabk~ kjss og``nttjd tg fccnx`ftnj fotnga ,Iglasga 8==>9

    664-63.! Tlj~ fxj `gxj knejk~ tg og`}jtj f`gabst jfol gtljx cgx

    j|f`}kj+ Fcxnofas rntl ogkgzxjds cgx lgzsjs fad ighs na tlj RjstjxaOf}j! Fad tlj~ og`}jtj ogkkjotnjk~+ }xn`fxnk~ gjx rgxe fad txfdnab

    g}}gxtzantnjs+ rntl tlj `nbxfats rlg lfj jatjxjd tlj ogzatx~ na

    ogasndjxfhkj az`hjxs cxg` jksjrljxj na Fcxnof snaoj fhgzt 6>>=! Rlft

    tlj hkfoe }ggx rfat+ j`}nxnofk fad fajodgtfk jndjaoj n`}knjs ,L_XO

    8==

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    }jxsnstjaoj gc }gjxt~ fad najvzfknt~ na tlj sjogad lfkc gc tlj 6>>=s+

    rntl n`}xgjd foojss tg sjxnojs cgx tlj }ggxjst gccsjt h~ xnsnab

    zaj`}kg~`jat ,sjj+ j!b!+ _jjenabs # Afttxfss 8==39 ?==-?2:.! Cxg`

    tlj jfxk~ 8===s tlj s}xjfdnab ajt gc sgonfk bxfats fad+ kftjx+ fa

    jogag`no hgg` hjbfa tg f`jkngxftj fhsgkztj naog`j }gjxt~ fad+

    }jxlf}s+ fksg najvzfknt~ ,sjj+ j!b!+ Jjxftt 8==>.! Hzt ft tlj jad gc tlj

    @hjen jxf _gztl Fcxnof xj`fnajd gaj gc tlj `gst zajvzfk ogzatxnjs na

    tlj rgxkd5 gaj j`hfxxfssjd h~ rgxkd-hjftnab zaj`}kg~`jat+ djoknanab

    kncj j|}jotfao~ fad xnsnab nacfat `gxtfknt~! Tlj FAO na }grjxzadgzhtjdk~ jalfaojd tlj foojss gc tlj }ggx tg szhsndnsjd lgzsnab+

    jkjotxnont~ cgx knbltnab+ }gtfhkj rftjx+ oknanos fad bxfats+ hzt nt ogzkd

    fksg hj }zantnj tg tlj }ggx+ fs rntajss tlj rnkknabajss gc FAO-xza kgofk

    fztlgxntnjs tg ozt gcc zxhfa lgzsjlgkdjxs foojss tg rftjx fad jkjotxnont~

    cgx aga-}f~`jat! @fa~ gc tlj sgonfk sjxnojs }xgndjd cgx tlj }ggx

    szccjxjd cxg` kgr-vzfknt~ gzt}zt+ slgdd~ `fnatjafaoj fad cxfzd!

    Tlj f`jkngxftnga gc }gjxt~ fad najvzfknt~ ns agt+ tg hj cfnx+ stxfnblt-cgxrfxdk~ na tlj bnct gc bgjxa`jats gc tlj df~! Tlj FAO na }grjx lfd

    tg fot tg f`jkngxftj }gjxt~ fad zajvzfk kncj-olfaojs na tlj ogatj|t gc

    naljxntjd jogag`no ogastxfnats fad tlj j|tjxafk slgoe gc tlj LNS

    }fadj`no! Na tlj ofsj gc LNS tlj @hjen bgjxa`jat `fdj `fttjxs

    rgxsj cgx ntsjkc9 tlj rntllgkdnab gc FXSs fbbxfftjd zaajojssfxnk~ tlj

    tgkk gc FND_ ga `gxtfknt~+ }xgdzotnnt~ fad lgzsjlgkd naog`j!

    Tljxj rfs ajjx fa FXS cgx `fafbnab tlj n`}fot gc naljxntjd

    jogag`no rjfeajssjs! _gztl Fcxnofs nddkj-naog`j jogag`~ f~ kgge

    xnol na Fcxnofa tjx`s+ hzt nt lfs ajjx xjbfnajd tlj lnbl bxgrtl }ftl nt

    rfs ga hjtrjja tlj `nd-6>?=s fad tlj `nd-6>2=s! Nt lfs ogasjvzjatk~

    cfkkja hjlnad `fa~ og`}fxfhkj gx jja nantnfkk~ }ggxjx jogag`njs!

    Lgrjjx og`}jtjat f `fafbjx na gxtlgdg| `foxg-jogag`no tjx`s+

    tlj FAO na }grjx lfs ~jt tg szx`gzat naljxntjd jogag`no olfkkjabjs!Tljsj fxj fxngzs! Jogag`no bxgrtl hz`}s fbfnast f hfkfaoj gc }f~-

    `jats ogastxfnat+ tlj ajt xjszkt gc dj}jadjaoj ga n`}gxtjd of}ntfk

    82

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    bggds+ tlj `nddkj okfsss djht-czjkkjd f}}jtntj cgx n`}gxtjd kz|zxnjs fad

    fa natjxaftngafkk~ zaog`}jtntnj `fazcfotzxnab sjotgx! Tlj jogag`~

    xjknjs ga }xn`fx~ }xgdzot j|}gxts tg jfxa cgxjnba j|olfabj fad ga

    cgxjnba najst`jat tg gccsjt kgr dg`jstno sfnabs dj}jadjaonjs tlft

    kjfj nt zkajxfhkj tg djoknanab og``gdnt~ }xnojs+ cknblts gc lgt gaj~

    fad ozxxjao~ ckzotzftnga! Djs}ntj f kgab-fooz`zkftnab szx}kzs gc

    zasenkkjd kfhgzx+ tljxj ns f hnfs tgrfxds of}ntfk natjasnt~ na }xgdzotnga

    tlft ns f kjbfo~ gc f}fxtljnd-nadzojd zxhfa kfhgzx slgxtfbjs+ tlj

    dg`nafaoj gc kfxbj og`}fanjs fad+ cxg` tlj 6>>3-o8===. tlj FAO bgjxa`jat bf`hkjd

    ga hjnab fhkj tg knct _gztl Fcxnof gatg f djonsnjk~ lnbljx bxgrtl }ftl

    h~ kn`ntnab bgjxa`jat s}jadnab+ }xnftnsnab gx gztsgzxonab stftj

    sjxnojs+ rntldxfrnab fbxnozktzxfk szhsndnjs+ stfhnknsnab tlj ozxxjao~

    tlxgzbl lnbl natjxjst xftjs fad cxjjnab z} tlj gj`jat gc bggds fadof}ntfk foxgss _gztl Fcxnofa hgxdjxs! Tlj lg}j rfs tlft tlj najntfhkj

    j|}gxt gc of}ntfk fad tlj og`}jtntnj slgoe tg tj|tnkj+ fztg fad cfx`

    rgxejxs rgzkd hj `gxj tlfa gccsjt h~ hzxbjganab nadzstxnfk j|}gxts

    fad narfxd najst`jat!

    Tlj bf`hkj kfxbjk~ cfnkjd! @fa~ rgxejxs kgst tljnx ighs na `faz-

    cfotzxnab+ nanab fad cfx`nab! _zoojssczk djcnont ogatfna`jat ~njkdjd f

    dgrasndj na ajr ogastxfnats ga jajxb~ sz}}k~ fad djtjxngxftnab

    nacxfstxzotzxj! _jogadfx~-nadzstxnfk j|}gxt g}}gxtzantnjs rjxj oga-

    stxnotjd h~ _gztl Fcxnofs dnsfdfatfbjgzs bjgbxf}lnofk kgoftnga+

    }jxsnstjat kgofk senkk slgxtfbjs ,agtrntlstfadnab ljf~ najst`jat na

    }zhkno jdzoftnga.+ xjkftnjk~ lnbl fazcfotzxnab rfbjs fad fa gctja tgg

    stxgab ozxxjao~! Rntl fktjxaftnj j`jxbnab `fxejt fttxfotngas na

    Jfstjxa Jzxg}j fad Olnaf+ fad djtjxxjd h~ stxgab zangas+ }gkntnofkzaojxtfnat~ fad oxn`j na _gztl Fcxnof+ cgxjnba dnxjot najst`jat cfnkjd

    tg }gzx na fs }xjdnotjd! Nastjfd+ _gztl Fcxnof j|}jxnjaojd }xj`ftzxj

    89 :9 2=-6+ 6=8-

    664+ 628-2:+ 443-:=35 Abg`f 8==>.! Xzsljd Fcxnofansftnga }gst-6>>4

    ogas}nxjd rntl f xnbltsnynab gc tlj }zhkno sjotgx tg hkjjd tlj stftj gc

    senkks fad j|}jxnjaoj! Dj}fxt`jats }gfoljd sofxoj senkkjd hkfoe }jxsgaajk

    cxg` jfol gtljx+ ofzsnab lnbl tzxagjx+ gx kjct ighs fofat cgx rfat gc

    szntfhkj hkfoe ofadndftjs! Tlj stftj fttj`}tjd tg cnkk nts senkks bf} h~

    }zxolfsnab ft jkjftjd ogst tlj sjxnojs gc rlntj }xnftj ogaszktfats!@jfarlnkj+ fa z}rfxdk~ `ghnknsnab `fafbjxnfk jkntj zsjd tlj stftj tg

    jaxnol ntsjkc nf aj}gtns`+ j|gxhntfat sfkfxnjs fad }jxes+ tjadjxs cgx

    8>

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    oxganjs fad hxnhj-tfenab! Rjkk-gxbfansjd }zhkno sjotgx rgxejxs hkgoejd

    jccgxts tg n`}xgj sjxnoj vzfknt~+ agtfhk~ na jdzoftnga! Tlj `jxbjx gc

    f}fxtljnd-jxf xfonfkk~ sjbxjbftjd hzxjfzoxfonjs n`}gxtjd jtlano+ xfonfk

    fad bjgbxf}lnofk dnnsngas natg ajr zantfx~ fd`nanstxftngas fad fkkgrjd

    tlj ogxxz}tnga fad naog`}jtjaoj gc cgx`jx Hfatzstfa fd`nanstxftngas

    tg ogkgansj ajr }xgnaonfk bgjxa`jats! N`}kj`jatftnga gc Ajr ]zhkno

    @fafbj`jat+ djsnbajd tg oxjftj f stxftjbno+ }xg-fotnj fad ogasz`jx-

    xjs}gasnj `fafbjxnfk okfss+ `zktn}knjd tlj `fafbjxnfk kf~jx rlnkj

    `fenab zaxjfknstno dj`fads z}ga naj|}jxnjaojd }jxsgaajk! Tlj xjszktrfs fa zaxfjkknab stftj xftljx tlfa gaj cnt cgx djjkg}`jatfk }zx}gsj!

    Fagtljx xjvznxj`jat gc f djjkg}`jatfk stftj zadjx of}ntfknst

    ogadntngas+ ogg}jxftnj xjkftngas hjtrjja of}ntfk+ kfhgzx fad tlj stftj+

    xj`fnajd jkzsnj! Zangas fad tlj kjct og`}kfnajd fhgzt tlj Txjfszx~s

    hzdbjt szx}kzsjs+ tlj Xjsjxj Hfaes nackftnga tfxbjtnab fad f szxbj gc

    Olnajsj n`}gxts+ jndjaoj+ tg tlj`+ gc gabgnab ajg-knhjxfkns` ft }gkno~

    kjjk! Tlj rlntj-dg`naftjd hzsnajss okfss+ tlgzbl bjajxfkk~ sz}}gxtnjgc tlj stftjs cnsofk fad `gajtfx~ `fafbj`jat+ ogatnazjd tg og`}kfna

    fhgzt HJJ fad kfhgzx xjbzkftngas fad naoxjfsnabk~ djs}fnxjd gc jkjotxnont~

    sz}}k~! Ajntljx jstfhknsljd rlntj of}ntfk agx ajr hkfoe of}ntfk slgrjd

    `zol naoknaftnga tg }kf~ tlj xgkj gc f }ftxngtno hgzxbjgnsnj og``nttjd

    tg sgonfkk~ naokzsnj dg`jstno bxgrtl! Tlj @hjen bgjxa`jat+ cgx nts

    }fxt+ ogatnazjd tg f}}xgfol rlntj of}ntfk rntl fa zastfhkj `n|tzxj gc

    }xfb`ftno jaogzxfbj`jat fad xfoj-kfojd fatfbgans`+ jolgnab tlj

    zasjttkjd `nadsjt gc f hkfoe hzsnajss jkntj tlft sfr na rlntj-dg`naftjd

    ogx}gxftngas hgtl f og`}jtntgx fad f sgzxoj gc jogag`no xjat!

    @HJEN_ KJBFO^+ GX TLJ FAO_7

    Lgr `zol gc tlns xjogxd ns @hjens+ lgr `zol tlj FAOs7 Rj fxjhfoe+ ljxj+ tg `fttjxs gc stxzotzxj fad fbjao~! Tljxj ofa hj knttkj

    dgzht tlft @hjen n`hnhjd `zol gc rlft gtljx FAO ofdxjs dnd+ `gst

    ?=

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    gc nt fkxjfd~ fkkzdjd tg9 @fx|ns`-Kjananst okfss fafk~sns+ gxbfansftngafk

    st~kj fad xljtgxno+ ogaj~jd h~ jajxbjtno Og``zanst ]fxt~ og`xfdjs

    fad _gnjt s}gasgxs5 tlj zadjxstfadnab gc _gztl Fcxnof fs zadjxbgnab+

    rntl tlj cfkk gc f}fxtljnd+ f aftngafk dj`goxftno xjgkztnga5 tlj s}jonfk

    og``nt`jat tg hkfoe+ js}jonfkk~ Fcxnofa knhjxftnga5 fad tlj njr gc tlj

    FAO fs tlj sgkj fztljatno knhjxftnga cgxoj! Tlj FAO stxjssjd dnson}knaj

    fad zant~+ fad nt ogastntztjd @hjens gak~ cf`nk~! Rfs agt jjx~tlnab

    @hjen dnd sn`}k~ fa jcczsnga gc tlj FAOs ogkkjotnj `nad fad hgd~7

    Tljxj fxj sg`j bxgzads cgx tlns agtnga+ hzt nt ns ajojssfx~ tgxjogbansj+ tgg+ tlft tlj FAO j`hgdnjd dnjxsj txjads fad }gssnhnkntnjs!

    @fadjkf+ knej @hjen+ rfs ag nastnaotnj dj`goxft! Lj fkzjd zant~ gc

    }zx}gsj fhgj }kzxfkns`+ fad fotjd zankftjxfkk~ ft oxzonfk `g`jats!

    Ft tlj sf`j tn`j+ tlgzbl+ @fadjkf ox~stfkknsjd tlj FAOs rnkk tg

    aftnga-hznkdnab fad aga-xfonfk naokzsnjajss! Lj rfs `fxejd h~ f

    lz`hkjajss tlft fkkgrjd ln` tg dj}fxt cxg` }grjx fctjx f snabkj tjx`+

    fa n`}knont xjhzej tg Fcxnofa hnb `ja rlg oknab tg gccnoj ft fkk ogsts!Na @hjen dnccjxjat FAO txfdntngas szxcfojd+ naokzdnab tlft gc sjotfxnfa

    Fcxnofans`! Na bgjxanab lj dg`jstnoftjd tlj jkntns` fad ojatxfkns`

    jadj`no tg j|nkj }gkntnos+ dns}kfonab tlj `gxj ljtjxgbjajgzs fad

    og``zant~-faolgxjd }gkntnos gc tlj FAOs 6>

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    nt dzxnab tlj }jfe gc @hjens fztlgxnt~ hjtrjja tlj kftj 6>>=s fad tlj

    jfxk~ 8===s ,Bz`jdj 8==:9 632-9 8=8-?.!2

    @fadjkf+ djs}ntj lns kg~fkt~ tg dnotftgxs rlg }xjngzsk~ sz}}gxtjd

    fad agr }xghfhk~ czadjd tlj FAO+ knejd tg hfse na tlj f}}xgfk gc tlj

    rgxkds lz`fa xnblts og``zant~ ,nc rj ofa ofkk nt tlft.! @hjen `zol

    }xjcjxxjd Fcxnofa fad bkghfk-sgztl fkndftnga+ fs lj cnxst slgrjd na

    slf}nab _gztl Fcxnofs ,}zsnkkfan`gzs. xjs}gasj tg Anbjxnfa stxgab`fa

    _fan Fhfolf ,Bz`jdj 8==:9 625 Bjnssjx 8==29 2=?-2=35 Iglasga

    8==>9 888-.! @hjens bgjxafaoj naokzdjd agtlnab og`}fxfhk~ ngkjat!

    Agx ns tljxj jndjaoj tlft lns dj}fxtzxj lfs ljxfkdjd f xjajrjd

    og``nt`jat tg dj`goxftno rf~s+ djs}ntj ojkjhxftnga h~ sg`j gc f

    sz}}gsjd ]gkgerfaj g}janab! Rlnkj @hjen f~ lfj hxgzblt rntl ln`f }fxtnozkfx hxfad gc n`}jxnfk }xjsndjatnfkns` lj rfs+ ga tlj dj`goxfo~

    nsszj+ ag rnkd gztknjx na FAO lnstgx~!

    ?8

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    Cfnxajss dj`fads tlft hgtl @hjen fadtlj FAO hj bnja sg`j oxjdnt

    cgx _gztl Fcxnofs hxgfdk~ dj`goxftno txfijotgx~ snaoj 6>>4! Tlj `fa

    fad tlj }fxt~ hgtl }xgjd ndjgkgbnofkk~ fdf}tnj jagzbl tg snba z} tg

    ogastntztngafk knhjxfk dj`goxfo~! Tlj FAOs jkjotgxfk dg`nafaoj lfs

    jafhkjd nt tg sjxj fs f sgzxoj gc stfhnknt~+ izst fs dgjs nts oxgss-jtlano

    f}}jfk! Rj ofaagt hj szxj tlft tlj FAOs hxjfe-z} natg }gkntnofkk~

    rfxxnab cfotngas rnkk hj bggd cgx dj`goxftno }jfoj! Nt ogzkd stnx jtlano

    fad ndjgkgbnofk }fssngas tlft cnad j|}xjssnga na ngkjaoj! Nts jkjotgxfk

    szoojssgxs+ slgzkd tljxj gaj df~ hj sg`j+ `f~ sjj tljnx gra tn`j nagccnoj sn`}k~ fs tljnx tzxa tg jft+ na tlj jstfhknsljd szh-_flfxfa }fttjxa!

    _tnkk+ rj slgzkd agt nstfej tlj FAO cgx fa nastnaotnjk~ dj`goxftno

    cgxoj+ gx cfnk tg agtj tlj }fxfdg|nofk aftzxj gc tlj fxbz`jat tlft gaj

    }fxt~ gzblt tg xj`fna cgxjjx na gccnoj na gxdjx tg }xjsjxj dj`goxfo~!

    ]xzdjatnfk fxbz`jats cgx tlj FAOs fsojadfao~ fxj }kfzsnhkj gak~

    hjofzsj tlj dj`goxftno nastntztngas gc _gztl Fcxnof fxj za}xgja! Agx

    slgzkd rj fjxt gzx j~js cxg` tlj ogsts gc tlj FAOs 6: ~jfxs gc xzkj!Tlgsj rjxj fxbzfhk~ `fdj bxjftjx tlfa tlj~ ajjd lfj hjja h~ tlj

    rf~ @hjen }jxsgafkk~ stjjxjd tlj xzknab }fxt~!

    @HJEN NA TLJ ]G_T-@HJEN N@FBNAFTNGA

    Lgr+ na 8=6=+ dgjs Tlfhg @hjen cnbzxj na tlj _gztl Fcxnofa ogkkjotnj

    `nad7 Tlj ogx}gxjfk }jxsga ns kfxbjk~ nansnhkj+ djs}ntj tlj gdd

    f}}jfxfaoj na+ cgx j|f`}kj+ ajbgtnftngas gjx tlj cztzxj gc _zdfa!

    Tljxj ns jndjaoj na lns natjxnjr rntl tlj igzxafk Tlnaejx ,cgzadjd

    h~ cgx`jx @hjen sndjenoe Jssg} ]flfd. tlft lj ns stnkk vznjtk~ frfntnab

    lns nadnoftnga+ agtfhk~ ga LNS'FND_!

    FAO `j`hjxs fbbxnjjd ft @hjens txjft`jat dzxnab fad fctjx tlj

    ]gkgerfaj Ogacjxjaoj hxgej frf~ tg cgx` tlj Ogabxjss gc tlj ]jg}kj,Og}j.+ rlnol rga f xjs}jotfhkj 2* gc tlj gtj na tlj 8==> bjajxfk

    jkjotngas hzt ns agr sjkc-djstxzotnab! Tlj j|tjat gc tlj cgx`jx }xjsndjats

    ??

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    lfad na tlj cgzadnab gc Og}j ns zaokjfx+ hzt nt rgzkd hj stxfnanab

    tlnabs tg sf~ tlft tlj }fxt~ ns ofxx~nab @hjens tgxol }fxtk~ hjofzsj+

    zaknej @hjen ln`sjkc+ Og}j f}}jfxs tg hj tlj bjaznajk~ }gst-

    ndjgkgbnofk fxtnokj+ zanatjxjstjd na @hjens xfoj }gkntnos gx @fx|nst-

    Kjananst fafk~tno cxf`j! Tljxj fxj Og}j j`hjxs rlg kgzdk~ ojkjhxftj

    @hjen+ hzt tljnx fccnant~ rntl ln` sjj`s+ ga tlj cfoj gc nt+ }jxsgafk gx

    jtlagxjbngafk xftljx tlfa ndjgkgbnofk!

    @hjen tgxolhjfxjxs fxj ojxtfnak~ sofxoj nasndj tlj FAO! Cfotngafk

    ogacknots zadjxrf~ na tlj }fxt~ fxj }nttnab fbfnast jfol gtljx agt Yz`ffad @hjen sz}}gxtjxs ,`fa~ gc tlj kfttjx lfj fa~rf~ hjja }zxbjd+

    kjct gkzatfxnk~ gx ignajd tlj ]gkgerfaj notgxs. hzt dnccjxjat jkj`jats

    gc tlj Yz`f ogfkntnga! Nxganofkk~+ tlj ogatjadjx na tljsj hfttkjs tlft

    sjj`s gst @hjen-ntj ns tlj FAO gztl Kjfbzj+ fa gxbfansftnga tlft

    }kf~jd f snbancnofat xgkj na @hjens dgracfkk! Cgx szxj+ tlj FAO^K ns

    tlgxgzblk~ zaknej @hjen na nts }xjdnkjotnga cgx }gkno~ fdjatzxns` fad

    xfhhkj-xgzsnab! Hzt nt dgjs sjj` tg slfxj+ fkhjnt tg }xg}fbftj na `gxjstxfnbltcgxrfxdk~ Fcxnofanst cgx`+ lns xfonfk aftngafkns`! Nt f~ hj ag

    ognaondjaoj tlft @fkj`f lfs og`j gzt stxgabk~ fbfnast tlj

    }xgsjoztnga gc @hjen cgx lns }gkno~ ga LNS'FND_+ fad bjajxfkk~

    fbfnast tlj }xgsjoztnga gc Fcxnofa kjfdjxs cgx bxgss lz`fa xnblts

    ngkftngas f jx~ @hjen-ntj }gsntnga! Zaszx}xnsnabk~+ tlj FAO^K ns

    fksg `gxj }xg-@zbfhj tlfa tlj Yz`f-sz}}gxtnab kjct!

    Rj ofa sz``fxnsj @hjens }kfoj na tlj ozxxjat _gztl Fcxnofa

    n`fbnaftnga fad na ozxxjat _gztl Fcxnofa }gkntnos na tjx`s gc cgzx

    }xgojssjs9 jxfszxj+ dnjxsnga+ najxsnga fad ogatnaznt~! @hjen lfs hjja

    jxfsjd nasgcfx fs lj tfkes knttkj fad ns xj`fxefhk~ knttkj tfkejd fhgzt!

    Dxfnajd gc }grjx fad dnxjot nackzjaoj+ lj lfs hjja }fxtk~ j|}zabjd

    cxg` tlj FAOs gra foogzat gc nts xjojat lnstgx~!

    jkjotngas `fa~ `nddkj-okfss _gztl Fcxnofas fssz`jd tlft Yz`fs

    fsojadfao~ rgzkd txnbbjx f djsojat natg }g}zkns`+ f xgkkhfoe gc

    dj`goxftno xnblts+ fad xzafrf~ ogxxz}tnga! Cxg` lns nafzbzxftnga

    garfxds Yz`f szx}xnsjd `fa~ rntl fa fk`gst stftjs`faknejnaokzsnjajss+ rlnol+ lgrjjx+ sjbzjd natg f sjj`nab xjkzotfaoj tg

    dj`gastxftj okjfx kjfdjxsln} na f ogzatx~ ogacxgatnab djs}jxftj

    ?:

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    olfkkjabjs! @gxj xjojatk~ tlj ogfkntnga tlft hgxj Yz`f tg gccnoj lfs

    hjbza tg tjfx ntsjkc f}fxt na }zhkno+ kjfnab na slxjds tlj FAOs

    kjbjadfx~ dnson}knaj! _g+ rlft ns tg hj tlj lfkk`fxe gc tlj Yz`f jxf7

    Ogkkjotnj kjfdjxsln} zadjx f hjanba cnbzxjljfd7 @gh xzkj7 Jssjatnfk

    ogatnaznt~ rntl @hjen+ cgx bggd fad nkk7 F kjctrfxd tlxzst7 Fkk tlns

    xj`fnas tg hj sjja!

    Yz`f-ns` xj}xjsjatjd f }ljag`jaga tlft @hjen djs}nsjd9

    }g}zkns`! Tlj `gj`jat }xg}jkknab tlj Yzaf`n cgstjxjd f ozkt gc

    kjfdjxsln}+ kfoejd ndjgkgbnofk ogljxjaoj fad f}}jfxjd sg`jtn`js tgdnsxjbfxd ogastntztngafk gxdjx! Nt `ghnknsnjd fa naolgftj ogfkntnga gc

    tlj dnsjaolfatjd+ naokzdnab tlj kjct+ xzxfk txfdntngafknsts fad tlj zxhfa

    }ggx+ fbfnast tlj ogzatx~s zxhfa-hfsjd }gkntnofk+ natjkkjotzfk fad

    ozktzxfk jkntjs! Nts dj`fbgbno fad j|}xjssnj }gkntnofk st~kj ogatxfstjd

    rntl @hjens zxhfaj natjkkjotzfkns` fad }xjdnkjotnga cgx gxdjx fad

    ogatxgk! ]g}zknst xjgkts fbfnast tlj FAO kjfdjxsln} lfj dgttjd FAO

    lnstgx~9 gst rjxj kjd h~ Fcxnofansts+ sg`j h~ tlj kjct+ sg`j fxtnozkftjdfa ndjgkgbnofkk~ nadjtjx`naftj gx nsszj-dxnja dnsogatjat! @gstk~ tljsj

    xjgkts rjxj ljkd gcc+ naokzdnab h~ }xjngzs FAO }xjsndjats Fkhjxt

    Kztlzkn+ Tf`hg+ @fadjkf fad @hjen! Na Yz`f gaj szol xjgkt+ f

    }fxtnozkfxk~ ndjgkgbnofkk~ of}fongzs gaj+ sjj`jd tg rna gzt!

    Lfnab hgxaj Yz`f tg }grjx+ ns tlns }g}zkns` agr s}jat7 Tljxj fxj

    og`}jtnab }gssnhnkntnjs! _naoj tlj jkjotnga tlj FAO kjfdjxsln} lfs

    j`}lfsnsjd jogag`no }gkno~ ogatnaznt~+ jja rlnkj tlxjftjanab oxfoe-

    dgras ga ogxxz}tnga+ oxga~ns` fad naog`}jtjaoj! Hzt jogag`no }gkno~

    xj`fnas zaxjsgkjd+ djkjbftjd h~ Yz`f tg fa jogag`no okzstjx rlgsj

    ndjgkgbnofkk~ dnjxsj `j`hjxs igstkj cgx }xj-j`najaoj! _g`j na Yz`fs

    ogfkntnga sjje f hxjfe rntl of}ntfkns`5 tlj `figxnt~ na tlj j|joztnj

    hxfaol cfgzxs f sgonfkk~ xjs}gasnj+ djjkg}`jatfk jxsnga gc nt!

    @zddknab tlxgzbl jogag`nofkk~+ fs tlj ogzatx~ lfs dgaj snaoj tlj `nd-6>2=s+ sjj`s zol gxj knejk~ cgx agr tlfa jntljx sojafxng! @jfarlnkj+

    f d~af`no gc xfdnofknsftnga lfs hjja natxgdzojd h~ tlj FAO^K+ rlnol

    ?3

    @HJEN FAD FCTJX

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    ns og`}jtnab rntl tlj _FO] tg }xgj nts sz}jxngx kjctnst oxjdjatnfks ga

    aftngafknsftnga! Tlj }xjfnknab ft`gs}ljxj ns tlzs gaj gc zaojxtfnat~+

    jja fs tlj bkghfk jogag`no xjojssnga gjxrljk`s @hjens hgg`!

    @hjen-jxf `foxg-jogag`no ogasjxftns` kjct tlj ogzatx~ tg cfoj

    tlj xjojssnga rntl xjsjxjs cgx ogzatjx-o~oknofk cnsofk j|}fasnga+ hzt nt

    `f~ fksg hj }fxtk~ xjs}gasnhkj cgx tlj cfot tlft tlj ogzatx~ lfs jatjxjd

    xjojssnga rntl fkxjfd~ hxztfk kjjks gc zaj`}kg~`jat fad tgg knttkj

    jkjotxnont~ tg okn`h gzt vznoek~! Tlj xjojssnga ns fksg df`}janab tlj

    Kjcts lg}js cgx foojkjxftjd stftj s}jadnab ga tlj }ggx+ lfnabf}gxnsjd tlj hzdbjt szx}kzs nt lfd j~jd cgx sg`j tn`j!

    Ga tlj }gsntnj sndj+ tlj stftj ns agr zantjd na f okjfx-j~jd

    xjogbantnga tlft LNS'FND_ lfs xjdzojd kncj j|}jotfao~ rf~ hjkgr

    rljxj nt kf~ na 6>>4+ fad tlft tlj }fadj`no ajjds tg hj txjftjd fs fa

    zxbjat }xngxnt~! Jja+ ljxj+ tlgzbl+ tlj }xjsndjats rjkk-}zhknonsjd

    za}xgtjotjd j|txf-`fxntfk sj| xftljx hkzats tlj `jssfbj!

    Dnccnozkt tg jstfhknsl+ tgg+ ns tlj sfcjt~ gx gtljxrnsj gc ogastntztngafkdj`goxfo~ zadjx Yz`f+ tlgzbl okjfxk~ tlj tlxjft kjjk ns agr rf~ z}!

    Dzxnab Yz`fs kgab of`}fnbas cgx tlj }fxt~ fad aftngafk }xjsndjaonjs+

    lns sz}}gxtjxs tlxjftjajd tg enkk cgx Yz`f fad dns`nssjd izdbjs fs

    ogzatjx xjgkztngafxnjs rlja tlj~ `fdj djonsngas zacfgzxfhkj tg tljnx

    olf`}nga! Yz`f cnkjd sznts fbfnast igzxafknsts fad tlj ofxtgganst

    Yf}nxg! Tlj notgxs gc ]gkgerfaj }zxbjd @hjen-ntjs cxg` kjfdjxsln}

    }gsntngas na tlj FAO+ _FO] fad OG_FTZ!

    Z}ga fsojadnab tg tlj }xjsndjao~ gc tlj Xj}zhkno Yz`f fsszxjd fkk

    tlft tlj Ogastntztnga rfs sfcj na lns lfads! Lj fad lns `nanstjxs

    jaogzxfbjd ]fxknf`jat+ tlj xzknab }fxt~+ jja gxdnafx~ ontnyjas tg lgkd

    tlj` tg foogzat+ fad tlj }fxt~+ nc agt ]fxknf`jat ,gx+ ~jt+ tlj ontnyjax~.

    lfs dgaj sg! Tlj xzknab }fxt~s fccnknftjs fad }fxtajxs g}jak~ olfkkjabj

    FAO kjfdjxs! Tlj gztl Kjfbzj rfs+ zatnk xjojatk~+ kgzdk~ tlxjftjanabrntl }gkntnofk j|tnaotnga FAO jkdjxs rlg dnsfbxjjd rntl nt ga }gkno~

    nsszjs! Ogsftz hj`gfas xzknab-}fxt~ ogxxz}tnga! Tlj lfads gc Ogsftz+

    ?2

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    tlj _gztl Fcxnofa Aftngafk Onno Gxbfansftnga fad tlj _FO] fxj

    djtjotfhkj na }zhkno sjotgx stxnejs fad kgofk sjxnoj djknjx~ }xgtjsts!

    Na tljsj sjasjs+ tlj xjhjkkngzs s}nxnt gc ]gkgerfaj rlnol sg`j sfr

    fs f ljxgno }zslhfoe fbfnast tlj nxga kfr gc gknbfxol~ tlft sz}}gsjdk~

    bgjxas kfxbj-sofkj gxbfansftngas lfs agt szhsndjd+ jja nc nt }fzsjd

    cgx tlj 8=6= sgoojx Rgxkd Oz} lgstjd h~ _gztl Fcxnof!

    ^jt tlgsj gc f dj`goxftno gx ogastntztngafknst hjat rnkk cnad knttkj tlft

    ns xjfsszxnab na tlj dj`fbgbno xljtgxno fad }jxsgafk fttfoes j|olfabjd

    xjojatk~ h~ og`}jtnab cfotngas gc tlj Txn}fxtntj Fkknfaoj! Tljsj dg agtogastntztj dj`goxftno djhftj! ,Nt ns tlzs dnccnozkt tg eagr rljtljx tlj

    FAOs gccnonfk dnson}knanab gc @fkj`f+ fa fztlgxntfxnfa dj`fbgbzj bnja

    tg tzxanab tlj }gknoj ga lns xnfks+ rfs bggd gx hfd ajrs cgx dj`goxfo~5

    tlj dfabjx knjs na tlj }xjojdjat nt sjts cgx tlj dnson}knanab gc gtljxs rlg

    s}jfe gzt!. @jfarlnkj+ Yz`f lfs xjrfxdjd slfd~-sjj`nab kg~fknsts rntl

    sjangx }gsntngas na tlj sjozxnt~ f}}fxftzs fad `gjd srnctk~ tg }kfoj

    sz}}gxtjxs na tlj Izdnonfk _jxnoj Og``nssnga fad Ogastntztngafk Ogzxt!Tlj }gknoj+ agr xj`nkntfxnsnab tljnx s~stj` gc xfaes+ fxj ga gxdjx stnkk

    tg slggt tg enkk oxn`nafk szs}jots! @jdnf cxjjdg` ns zadjx sjxngzsk~

    fkfx`nab fssfzkt+ rntl }kfas fcggt cgx }xgtjotnga-gc-nacgx`ftnga kjbns-

    kftnga fad f stftztgx~ txnhzafk tg ozxh ajrs}f}jx xj}gxtnab ga

    ogxxz}tnga fad }jxlf}s tg kn`nt g}}gsntngafk igzxafkns` bjajxfkk~!

    @jfarlnkj+ knhjxfk-kjct cjfxs gc xjbxjssnj }gknonjs ga bjadjx fad sj|zfknt~

    lfj hjja xjnjd h~ ajrs gc cxjsl Yz`f sj|zfk ogavzjsts gztsndj fa

    fkxjfd~ j|}fadnab }gk~bf`gzs `fxxnfbj fad h~ tlj f}}gnat`jat gc f

    ogacnx`jd lg`g}lghj fs f`hfssfdgx tg Zbfadf+ }jxlf}s tlj rgxkds

    `gst lg`g}lghno kfad!

    Yz`f ns `gxj cxnjadk~ tlfa @hjen tg xfonfk `nagxntnjs! Lj sjj`s

    tg }notzxj _gztl Fcxnofas fs f xfonfkk~ `n|jd cf`nk~ zantjd zadjx tlj

    FAO+ rntl ln`sjkc fs hjanba }ftxnfxol! Lj lfs `fdj jkfhgxftjbjstzxjs gc xjogaonknftnga tgrfxds+ na }fxtnozkfx+ rlntj Fcxnefajxs

    sjj+ agtfhk~+ lns naokzsnga gc tlj Sx~ljndscxgat ]kzs na tlj Ofhnajt fad

    ?

    @HJEN FAD LN_ KJBFO^

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    Cnafkk~+ tlj hxnjc lnstgx~ gc tlj Yz`f jxf sg cfx xj`nads zs tlft tlj

    FAO ns kfxbjx tlfa @hjen! Lns dj}fxtzxj lfs dgaj agtlnab tg fxxjst

    tlj }fxt~s fztlgxntfxnfa dxnjs gx ndjgkgbnofk dnnsngas! Cfx cxg` lfnab

    tlj kfst rgxd ga tlj slf}j gc }gst-6>>4 _gztl Fcxnof @hjen fancjstk~

    kjct zaxjsgkjd czadf`jatfk vzjstngas fhgzt tlj t~}j gc sgonjt~ _gztl

    Fcxnofas rnsl zktn`ftjk~ tg ogastntztj! Rnkk nt hj cxjj-`fxejt+ sgonfk-

    dj`goxftno gx Kjananst-sgonfknst7 Aga-xfonfk+ `zktnozktzxfk gx xfonfkk~

    `figxntfxnfa7 Rjstjxa-gxnjatjd gx fztljatnofkk~ Fcxnofa7 Dj`goxftno

    gx ]ztnajsvzj7 Tlj hfttkj tg xjsgkj tljsj nsszjs lfs hjja f snbaftzxjs}jotfokj gc tlj Yz`f jxf tlzs cfx rntl tlj }xjsndjat ln`sjkc kfxbjk~

    ,nt sjj`s. fa gakggejx!

    4=


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