Transcript
Page 1: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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MIMO Antenna Simulation

Tilmann Wittig

Vratislav Sokol

UGM 2009 Darmstadt

Introduction to MIMO

antennas

Diversity of MIMO antennas

MIMO antenna parameters

(mutual coupling,

correlation, TARC)

Page 2: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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MIMO System

Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output, is the use of multiple

antennas at both the transmitter and receiver to improve

communication performance. It is one of several forms of

smart antenna technology.

Page 3: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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MIMO Antennas - Diversity

Multi-path signal

transmission may lead to

destructive signal overlay

resulting in local deep dips

(called Rayleigh-Fading)

Multiple antennas (antenna diversity)

may overcome this problem

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Diversity Gain

Result Templates 1D Diversity Gain

and Correlation (from S-Parameters)

The essential criterion to quantify the efficiency of MIMO antennas is

the correlation between the antennas, two options:

Result Templates 0D Diversity Gain

and Correlation (from Farfield)

Just single frequency

More accurate if scattering objects

are near the antenna

Very quick

Broadband correlation results!

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Correlation in free space

Good agreement!

MIMO antenna in free space

Page 6: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Correlation with scattering object

Disagreement!

MIMO antenna with biological phantom

Farfield correlation is correct!

Page 7: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Correlation over distance

Page 8: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Diversity gain

From the correlation a diversity gain of a MIMO antenna system can be

defined based on statistic assumptions.

For two uncorrelated antennas and an accepted bit-

rate error of 1% the theoretic diversity gain is 10 dB

Diversity gain:

Correlation

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Antenna Placement Study(Two-Antenna Array)

Mutual Coupling

Correlation, Capacity Loss

Diversity Gain

Total Active Reflection Coefficient (TARC)

Pattern

Diversity

Spatial

Diversity

Page 10: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Single Antenna Design (f=2.6 GHz)

Page 11: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Adaptive Mesh Refinement

Page 12: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Placement Investigation (S-parameters)

2_1 2_2

2_3

Page 13: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Mutual Coupling (2_1)

Page 14: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Mutual Coupling (2_2)

Page 15: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Mutual Coupling (2_3)

Page 16: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Mutual Coupling - Comparison

The best

arrangement

Page 17: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Correlation Coefficient - TBP

Page 18: MIMO Antenna Simulation - CST · 1 MIMO Antenna Simulation Tilmann Wittig Vratislav Sokol UGM 2009 Darmstadt Introduction to MIMO antennas Diversity of MIMO antennas …

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Correlation Coefficient - Comparison

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TARC – Design Studio Canvas

Ideal Phase Shifter

ph = { 0..180 deg }

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Summary

MIMO systems use antennas diversity to improve data

transmission in multi-path environments

Transmission, Correlation, Diversity Gain and TARC are used for

the evaluation of MIMO antennas

Thank you for your attention!

Questions?


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