100th Anniversary of Air Cargo

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November 2010 marks the 100th anniversary of the air cargo industry

Transcript

  • 1.

2. HOW MANY PLANES DOES FEDEX HAVE ?

  • Now
  • the
  • Grand Prize Question
  • For a
  • 2010 Toyota

3. 661 aircraft, including:

  • 71 Airbus A300-600s
  • 51 Airbus A310-200/300s
  • 13 ATR 72s
  • 26 ATR 42s
  • 77 Boeing 727-200s
  • 4Boeing DC10-30s
  • 58 Boeing MD10-10s
  • 14 Boeing MD10-30s
  • 59 Boeing MD11s
  • 10 Cessna 208As
  • 242 Cessna 208Bs
  • 34 Boeing 757-200s

4. By comparison UPS209 Aircraft 5. HOW MANY WANT TO TRYTO STARTA PARCEL COMPANY TO COMPETE WITHPURPLEORBROWN

  • By a show of hands

OK GO.. 6. 7. Jerry Hempstead 8. Kitty Hawk, NC (North Carolina),December 17, 1903. Orville Wright's famous first airplane flight. 9. 1910First commercial airplane flight

  • The first commercial
  • transport flight
  • with an airplane took place onNovember 7, 1910,when Phil O. Parmalee carried two bolts of silk
  • on his Wright Model B from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio.
  • The worlds first air-freight shipment was sponsored by the Morehouse-Martens Department Store as a publicity event.

10. The first you freight is out for delivery message 11.

  • Reported in the local Columbus newspaper, the story noted that the shipment had beaten the railroad express between the two cities
  • Phil Parmelee posing after his historic first cargo flight on November 7, 1910. The 100# cargo of silk (valued at $800) is bundled next to him.
  • .He made the historic flight of 62 miles in 62 minutes from Dayton to Columbus, exceeding the expectations and as a result only about 1000 people saw him land. However, shortly thereafter the crowd grew to around 4000.

By using a consultant this shipper could have received a 49% lower price UPS would have charged an extra handling fee of $50 for this packaging 12. Airmail

  • With initial help from the U.S. Army,
  • the Post Office in 1918
  • initiated an intercity airmail route.
  • The subsequent achievements
  • of the Air Mail Service included
  • the establishment of a transcontinental route and the development of airway lighting.

13. American Railway Express

  • Operated the nation's largest ground and air express services.
  • It was foundedby the U.S. government
  • as the
  • American Railway Express Co.
  • in1918 ,
  • when the nation's major express carriers
    • Adams & Co.,
    • American Express Co.,
    • Wells, Fargo & Co.,
    • & Southern Express Co.
  • were merged into a public corporation.

14. 1919

  • American Railway Express using a converted Handley-Page bomberattemptedto fly 500 kilograms of freight from Washington, D.C., to Chicago.
  • Unfortunately, the plane was forced to land in Ohio, However this company often moved freightby air .

15. 1920sAmerican Railway Express

  • During the 1920s, the volume of freight shipped by air grew significantly.
  • In1927 , only45,859 poundswere shipped.

16. American Railway Express

  • By1929 , the figure had grown to257,443 pounds
  • By1931to more than1 million poundsper year.

17. 1920s

  • Henry Ford's express company carried1 million poundsof freight for the Ford Company when it started in 1925, and averaged more than 3 million pounds by the end of 1929.
  • TheU.S. Post Officealso shipped additional air freight.

18. Airmail Act of 1925

  • Authorized the Post Office to contract with private airlines to transport mail.
  • The Airmail Act created American commercial aviationand several of today's airlines were formed to carry airmail in the late 1920s

19. REA

  • An association of railroads bought out American Railway Express in1929 and began to operate it asthe Railway Express Agency.
  • Its name was changed toREA Express in 1970.
  • Poor management, strikes, and competition led to heavy losses

20. 1920s

  • National Air Transport,one of the companies that originally made upUnited Airlines,delivered its first scheduled air cargo in the United Stateson September 1, 1927, between Dallas and New York.

21. Lindbergh'sTransatlantic Flight: New York to ParisMay 20-21, 1927 22. UPS

  • Operated ashort-livedair service beginning in1929 .

23. 1930s

  • General Air Express formed in 1932as a competitorto Railway Express Agency and due to aggressive competition between the two companies,
  • neither did well
  • until
  • they merged in 1935 .

24. 1930s

  • By the mid 30s,air freight made up4% of revenuesfrom all air traffic.

25. 1930s

  • These amounts increased during the 30s as air freight became a more widely publicized way of moving goods between cities.

26. Regulation

  • In 1938, theCivil Aeronautics Acttransferred the federal civil aviation responsibilitiesfrom the Commerce Department to a new independent agency,the Civil Aeronautics Authority.
  • The legislation also expanded the government's role by giving them the authority and the power toregulate airline fares& todetermine the routesthat air carriers would serve.

27. Regulation

  • President Franklin Roosevelt split the authority into two agencies in 1940, theCivil Aeronautics Administration(CAA) and theCivil Aeronautics Boar d (CAB).
  • CAA was responsible for ATC,airman and aircraft certification,safety enforcement,and airway development.

28. Regulation

  • CAB was entrusted with safety rulemaking, accident investigation, andeconomic regulationof the airlines .
  • Both organizations were part of the Department of Commerce.
  • Unlike CAA, however, the CAB functioned independently of the Secretary.

29. First Air ExpressRound-the-World Shipment

  • In1939Kellogg's Corn Flakes sponsoredthe Howie Wing Radio Program.
  • Airlines had bridged both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and the public's interest in aviation was peeking.
  • To stimulate interest in the Howie Wing program, Kellogg's chose to sponsor the First Air Express Round-the-World shipment.

30. First Air ExpressRound-the-World Shipment

  • They prepared two suitcases.One would be sent by airRound-the-World in an easterly direction and the other to the west.
  • It would be a race to see which suitcase would win itsRound-the-World trip.

31. First Air ExpressRound-the-World Shipment

  • The suitcases would travel on:
  • Eastern Airlines
  • American Airlines
  • Pan American Airways
  • Air France
  • KLM Airlines
  • Imperial Airways
  • United Airlines
  • Transcontinental & Western Airlines
  • Chicago & Southern Airlines

32. First Air ExpressRound-the-World Shipment

  • Schedule: 02/22/39 Suitcases departed Battle Creek, MI 03/06/39 At 11:30 AM thesuitcases crossed pathswhile on KLM planes flyingbetween Calcutta and Allahabad, India.
  • 03/18/39 West suitcase arrived back to Battle Creek, MI
  • 03/22/39 East suitcase arrived back toBattle Creek, MI

33. Results

  • Winner: West Suitcase went Round-the-World in25 Days !
  • Loser: East Suitcase went Round-the-World in 29 Days
  • Details: Each Suitcase made approximately 75 different stops while traveling 31,188 miles Round-the-World.
  • Customer Service claimed the eastbound bag had a bad address and refused the delay claim

34. 1940s

  • Some historians believe that whenUnited Airlines began its own freight service in 1940,
  • that this wasthe firstall-cargoservice in U.S . airline history carryingmailbetween New York and Chicago.

35. 1940s

  • By 1941, the Big Four airlines
    • United,
    • American,
    • TWA,
    • & Eastern
  • formedAir Cargo, Inc.which carried air freight but in the end, many of the airlines involved started their own air freight businesses .

36. 1940s

  • During the 1940s some of the other well known air freight carriers were
    • Slick Airways,
    • Flying Tiger
    • & California Eastern.

37. 1940s

  • There were many small air freight carriers and regional airlines were also carrying some freight.
  • In August 1949, the government's Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) finally gave permission tofour all-freight airlines to operate.

38. World War II Made Air Freight

  • 10,655 DC-3s