2015 REAL Forum Presentation: CDCEF, Lao PDR

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    09-Jan-2017

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Farmland Bio-diversity Conservation by schools & Communities

Rural Ecological Agriculture for Livelihood {REAL Project}Present by Bandith KeothongkhamSupport by KEMI/TEF

VIETNAMTHAILANDCHINACAMBODIAM. Xaythany: 10 schools/ communitiesHuaxieng, Dongkhauoy, Paksapkao,Huabor, Dounaiane, Doungbudy, Nasala, Dongbeng, Nongno and Nongkheng M. Kham: 10schools/8communities Chomthong, Longpew, Dorkkham, Napa, Khuengkhae, Viengxay, Namtiane and NamhomMyanmarProject siteM. Gnomalat: 7schools/communitiesDonepeuay, Phith, Phathuong, Mueng, Naphaymai, Naxok and Natherd

Pha2

Participants

ActivitiesAgro-biodiversity Conservation (ABD)Pesticides Impact Assessment (PIA) - School IPM on vegetables - School Herb garden - Local indigenous knowledge - Income Generation Activity (IGA) - Gender role

Farmland Habitat

List of Pesticides used by 47 farmers

Amount of pesticides use by 47 farmers

Behaviors in Spray Session (47farmers)no. Spraying BehaviorPercentage1Use gloves when mixing100%2Use protective clothes when mixing100%3Get soak with diluted chemical from spraying90%4Observe wind direction while spraying95%5Shower after spraying85%Protective Equipment6Farmer hat (Koop)100%7Glasses50%8Mask95%9Gloves100%10Long sleeves t-shirt100%11Long sleeves pants100%12Boots95%13Sandal5%

Storage and Disposal

Sign and Symptom (47 farmers)

- Local catfish (Clarias gariepinus) - Area: 2 hectaresABD Conservation

Scorpion fish (Macrognathus semiocellatus)Area: 2 hectares

- Trout (Channa striata)- Area: 4 hectares

Golden carp (Cyprinus rubrofuscus)Area: 3 rais

- Bamboo (Bambusa)- Area: 4 rais

School IPM

School Herb Garden

Herbal Medicines

Local Indigenous knowledge

IGA

23

Thank you very much!

24

No.

Project siteSchool year 2015-2016

TeachersStudentsCommunitiesTotalWomen

1

M. Xaythany

40

519

200

759

298

2

M. Gnomalat

21

338

140

499

207

3

M. Kham

30

1,573

200

1,803

899

Total

91

2,430

540

3,061

1,404

No.

AreasSchool year 2014 - 2015School year 2015-2016

Number of species%Number of species%

PlantsAnimalsPlantsAnimals

1Roadsides30167%308613%

2Fields452310%417513%

3Field borders21165%31226%

4Homestead areas1126025%1305521%

5Ponds502811%266110%

6Canal/ ditches433011%29185%

7Forest/ big trees988026%13011327%

8Wetland2585%34165%

Total424261100%451446100%

NoTrade NameCommon NameType of ChemicalColorCodeChem.FamilyToxicLevel# of farmer

1CG-40

ChlorpyrifosInsecticideYellowOPII14

2POSEDONMAG10

CypermethrinInsecticideBluePYII32

3DACONILChlorothalonilFungicideBlue-IV1

2014-20152015-2016

Total of agriculture areas34 Rais34Rais

Total of chemical20,520 L/y4,850L/y

Average302L/person/y104L/person/y

School year 2015-2016

StorageDisposal

SafeUnsafeSafeUnsafe

Child100%-95%5%

Food100%-95%5%

Water100%-97%3%

Animals100%-95%5%

NoSign and SymptomPercentage

1Dizziness96%

2Nausea85%

3Dry throat89%

4Cough68%

5Skin rashes11%

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