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There is no alternative to There is no alternative to sustainable development. sustainable development. (Nidumolu, Prahalad, Rangaswami, 2009) (Nidumolu, Prahalad, Rangaswami, 2009)

31maart rdm jaco appelman tud

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How attention to three helps sustainability

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  • 1. There is no alternative toThere is no alternative to sustainable development.sustainable development. (Nidumolu, Prahalad, Rangaswami, 2009)(Nidumolu, Prahalad, Rangaswami, 2009)

2. Agenda and IntroductionAgenda and Introduction Jaco: Scientist, Facilitator, Social EntrepreneurJaco: Scientist, Facilitator, Social Entrepreneur AGENDAAGENDA State of the art: PlanetwiseState of the art: Planetwise Eco-effective versus Eco-efficient?Eco-effective versus Eco-efficient? 1,2,3.1,2,3. Case-Epi centreCase-Epi centre ConclusiesConclusies 3. 2 important trends 4. 2 important trends 5. Planetwise: This is what werePlanetwise: This is what were doing since 1987doing since 1987 6. The Natural Step: what can we do?The Natural Step: what can we do?This rigorous Framework gives organisations the tools to perform a gap analysis using the lens of sustainability, andThis rigorous Framework gives organisations the tools to perform a gap analysis using the lens of sustainability, and then work toward closing the gap.then work toward closing the gap. A change-management approach that is value-driven and selects intervention methods that help organizations andA change-management approach that is value-driven and selects intervention methods that help organizations and networks (of organizations) to move toward more sustainable ways of operating.networks (of organizations) to move toward more sustainable ways of operating. Principles:Principles: Nothing Disappears:Nothing Disappears: All mass and energy in the universe is conserved.All mass and energy in the universe is conserved. Everything Spreads:Everything Spreads: Energy and matter tend to spread spontaneously; everything has a tendency to disperse (theEnergy and matter tend to spread spontaneously; everything has a tendency to disperse (the Second Law of Thermodynamics, or the Law of Entropy).Second Law of Thermodynamics, or the Law of Entropy). There is Value in Structure:There is Value in Structure: We determine material quality by the concentration and structure of the matter thatWe determine material quality by the concentration and structure of the matter that makes up a material. For example, food and petrol are valuable because they have a high concentration andmakes up a material. For example, food and petrol are valuable because they have a high concentration and structure. What we consume is the ability of energy to perform work. We never consume energy or matterstructure. What we consume is the ability of energy to perform work. We never consume energy or matter because it is neither created nor destroyed. (see 1)because it is neither created nor destroyed. (see 1) Photosynthesis Pays the Bills:Photosynthesis Pays the Bills: Net increases in material quality on Earth are generated almost entirely by the sun-Net increases in material quality on Earth are generated almost entirely by the sun- driven process of photosynthesis.driven process of photosynthesis. 7. CtoC: How do we love all childrenCtoC: How do we love all children of all species for all time?of all species for all time? Waste does not exist: waste is foodWaste does not exist: waste is food Sun limitless source of energy and life (4 billion years toSun limitless source of energy and life (4 billion years to go)go) Cherish/stimulate diversityCherish/stimulate diversity Support health (people and nature)Support health (people and nature) Goal: a delightfully diverse, safe, healthy, and just worldGoal: a delightfully diverse, safe, healthy, and just world (with clean air, water, soil and power) economically,(with clean air, water, soil and power) economically, equitably, ecologically and elegantly enjoyedequitably, ecologically and elegantly enjoyed Observe:Observe: Energy-supply + Growing population is no problemEnergy-supply + Growing population is no problem 8. Ecological Footprint: How do weEcological Footprint: How do we know?know? 2 problems: current ways of producing and2 problems: current ways of producing and consuming and growing populationconsuming and growing population Similar to funnel TNSSimilar to funnel TNS It is an accounting method that seriouslyIt is an accounting method that seriously creates awareness, but lacks a change-creates awareness, but lacks a change- mgt approachmgt approach But hey, in a green world accounting willBut hey, in a green world accounting will flourish!!!flourish!!! 9. Our shared challenges macrotrend Rising populationnumbers Decreasing Waterresources Less agricultural land Less forests Less resources Decreasing biodiversitity Air-pollution Climate Change Empty Seas 10. Footprinting: wat is het enFootprinting: wat is het en waarom specifiek dezewaarom specifiek deze methode/zienswijze?methode/zienswijze? Het is gewoon de beste methode (factorHet is gewoon de beste methode (factor 10 komt in de buurt)10 komt in de buurt) Scoort goed op 13 van 15 factoren vanScoort goed op 13 van 15 factoren van een duurzaamheidsindex (Univ.Oslo,een duurzaamheidsindex (Univ.Oslo, K.Hoyer, 2003 in J.Juffermans, 2005)K.Hoyer, 2003 in J.Juffermans, 2005) Blinde vlekken zijn: gevaarlijke stoffen,Blinde vlekken zijn: gevaarlijke stoffen, Milieu-kwaliteit en het feit dat het ookMilieu-kwaliteit en het feit dat het ook mogelijk is meer bio-capaciteit temogelijk is meer bio-capaciteit te ontwikkelen.ontwikkelen. 11. Footprint: opbouwFootprint: opbouw gebruiksruimtegebruiksruimte Global Footprint 1. Bioproductief land: - Akkergronden - Weidegronden - Bossen 2. visgronden 3. Energie land* 4. Wegen en gebouwen 5. Natuur/biodiversiteit * Fossil via absorption of CO2 12. Biocapaciteit 11,2 miljard hectare (2003) Wereld bevolking: 8.9 miljard mensen 11,2 miljard ha / 8.9 miljard mensen = 1,26 ha pp beschikbaar 2025 13. Gemiddeld per land inGemiddeld per land in ha. per persoonha. per persoon USAUSA 9,69,6 FinlandFinland 7,67,6 ZwedenZweden 6,16,1 DenemarkenDenemarken 5,85,8 BelgieBelgie 5.65.6 Verenigd KoninkrijkVerenigd Koninkrijk 5,65,6 DuitslandDuitsland 4,54,5 NederlandNederland 4.44.4 Russische FederatieRussische Federatie 4,44,4 PolenPolen 3,33,3 HongarijeHongarije 3,53,5 Wereld gemiddeldeWereld gemiddelde 2,22,2 Eerlijke Aarde AandeelEerlijke Aarde Aandeel 1,81,8 ChinaChina 1.61.6 TanzaniaTanzania 0,70,7 IndiaIndia 0.80.8 AfganistanAfganistan 0,10,1 14. Eco-efficient versusEco-efficient versus Eco effectiveEco effective The biggest quest of our time: toThe biggest quest of our time: to discover/invent solutions thatdiscover/invent solutions that expand/improve the regenerative capacity ofexpand/improve the regenerative capacity of systemssystems Efficientie: Reduce, Regulate, recyle LessEfficientie: Reduce, Regulate, recyle Less bad solutions, Down-cycling (steeds minder)bad solutions, Down-cycling (steeds minder) Effectiviteit: Up-cycling, Waste is food, goodEffectiviteit: Up-cycling, Waste is food, good nutritious solutionsnutritious solutions Are they mutually exclusive?Are they mutually exclusive? So is it bad vs good? OR????So is it bad vs good? OR???? 15. A perfect marriageA perfect marriage 80-95% besparing, veiliger en opwekking80-95% besparing, veiliger en opwekking met alternatieve energiebronnen opmet alternatieve energiebronnen op lokatie wordt mogelijk, bijvoorbeeldlokatie wordt mogelijk, bijvoorbeeld tunnelverlichtingtunnelverlichting 16. From Many to ThreeFrom Many to Three Al het goede komt in drieen!Al het goede komt in drieen! TNS, EF, C2C, , CSR-P3, Factor 10 or 20, LCA, MFA, Panarchy,TNS, EF, C2C, , CSR-P3, Factor 10 or 20, LCA, MFA, Panarchy, natural capitalism, biomimicry, Base of The Pyramid , Triasnatural capitalism, biomimicry, Base of The Pyramid , Trias Energetica, Optimistic Sustainable Development, Steady-stateEnergetica, Optimistic Sustainable Development, Steady-state economies, Chaordic Commons..economies, Chaordic Commons.. The myriad of frameworks and tools is known to be slowing theThe myriad of frameworks and tools is known to be slowing the process toward sustainability rather than assisting it (Senge et al.,process toward sustainability rather than assisting it (Senge et al., 2007).2007). According to Senge (2007) at least three different views onAccording to Senge (2007) at least three different views on sustainability must be taken into account: rationalism, naturalism,sustainability must be taken into account: rationalism, naturalism, and humanism.and humanism. Furthermore successful collaborative efforts must embrace threeFurthermore successful collaborative efforts must embrace three interconnected types of work: conceptual, relational and actioninterconnected types of work: conceptual, relational and action driven.driven. 17. 1, 2, 3.1, 2, 3. Design = conscious effort to create a thing or evoke a string of actionsDesign = conscious effort to create a thing or evoke a string of actions (services)(services) Development = embedding design in a Culturally shaped politico-Development = embedding design in a Culturally shaped politico- economic agenda.economic agenda. How to bring them together?How to bring them together? 3 function rule (permaculture)3 function rule (permaculture) The 3 function rule makes a system resilient (self-organizing).The 3 function rule makes a system resilient (self-organizing). The 3 function rule originated as a design principle for permaculturalThe 3 function rule originated as a design principle for permacultural systems.systems. Every organism has multiple functions in a system and eachEvery organism has multiple functions in a system and each function that a system has is supported by a number (at least 3) offunction that a system has is supported by a number (at least 3) of organisms (redundancy).organisms (redundancy). 3 is a sacred number in design-sciences and any Change-3 is a sacred number in design-sciences and any Change- management strategy, that ultimately has humans as objects ofmanagement strategy, that ultimately has humans as objects of study, also needs to incorporate 3.study, also needs to incorporate 3. How.What do You mean? Next SlideHow.What do You mean? Next Slide 18. TNS-CtoC-EF=3TNS-CtoC-EF=3 Heart, Head and Hands are all needed to get aHeart, Head and Hands are all needed to get a seriously sustainable change managementseriously sustainable change management strategy formulated and implemented.strategy formulated and implemented. Heart: CtoCHeart: CtoC Head: EFHead: EF Hands: TNSHands: TNS If one element fails or underperforms the designIf one element fails or underperforms the design will not fly and regress to business as usualwill not fly and regress to business as usual 19. Evolution in business-sustainability:Evolution in business-sustainability: 5 Stages5 Stages Not necessarily evolutionaryNot necessarily evolutionary Stage 1: Viewing Compliance asStage 1: Viewing Compliance as Opportunity-Be a front-runnerOpportunity-Be a front-runner Stage 2: Making Value Chains SustainableStage 2: Making Value Chains Sustainable (Porter-Clusters)(Porter-Clusters) Stage 3: Designing Sustainable ProductsStage 3: Designing Sustainable Products and Services (CtoC)and Services (CtoC) Stage 4: Developing New BusinessStage 4: Developing New Business Models: No waterModels: No water Stage 5: Creating Next-Practice PlatformsStage 5: Creating Next-Practice Platforms (Nidumolu, Prahalad, Rangaswami, 2009)(Nidumolu, Prahalad, Rangaswami, 2009) 20. Toepassing:Toepassing: Zit er ook 3 in EPI-Center?Zit er ook 3 in EPI-Center? 21. Lokale initiatieven leiden tot een (inter)nationale transitiegolf 22. Het programma EPI Center streeft naar een bewuste duurzame samenleving door het realiseren van continue energie monitoring in bestaande gebouwen en panden. MissieMissie 23. Maatschappelijke transitieMaatschappelijke transitie EPI-Center Kennis en Innovatie Leveringsbetrouwbaarheid WerkgelegenheidKosten Energietransitie Milieu Maatschappelijke Innovatie Duurzaamheid 24. EPI Center Voorne-PuttenEPI Center Voorne-Putten Verduurzaming energievoorziening Lokale Werkgelegenheid Vernieuwing Onderwijs Innovatie van Industrie Ondersteunen Primair proces van de eigen Organisatie Klimaat & Energiebeheer Eigen panden 25. Integrale aanpakIntegrale aanpak Mens Processen Techniek Sturing Stimuleren deelname door het wegnemen van drempels: a.Financieel b.Organisatorisch c.Technisch d.Juridisch Good Governance Sturen op realisatie door het opleveren en borgen van nationale standaarden op basis waarvan deelnemende partijen kunnen reorganiseren, aanbesteden, opleiden, inplementeren enz. Elk binnen zijn eigen context. Spelenderwijs ontwikkelen Bestaande en innovatieve duurzame maatregelen worden in de eigen panden praktisch getoetst Dit zorgt voor directe draagkracht en toetsing van de mogelijkheden. 26. Ketenresultaten :Fase 1Ketenresultaten :Fase 1 Mens Processen Techniek Sturing 27. FaseringFasering Krediet Krediet Mijn HbR Groot denken, Klein beginnen!!! Opstart Regionale Ontwikkeling Inventarisatie Bewustwording Monitoring Objectgerichte benadering Nationaal Regionaal, Warmte & Kracht Smart Grids Standaarden Opschaalbaarheid Nationaal, Gedistr. Opslag Regelgeving Internationale Opschaling 2010-2012 2012-2015 > 2015.