2. Family & Early Life Born into a Jewish family in Livorno, Italy His family was persecuted for their religion, grandmother came to Italy for religious freedom Mother, Eugenie, was fluent in many languages, founded a talmudic study school Father, Flaminio was a businessman and engineer He behaves like a spoiled child, but he does not lack intelligence. We shall have to wait and see what is inside his chrysalis. Perhaps an artist? -Eugenie Garsin Modiglianis birthplace, Livorno, Italy
3. Art School At 14, Modigliani had typhoid fever and raved that he wanted to see the paintings in Palazzo Pitti and Uffizi in Florence. When he was well, his mother took him to Florence, and enrolled him with the best painting master in Livorno, Guglielmo Micheli. He worked in Michelis Art school from 1898 to 1900. He was heavily influenced by artwork of the Renaissance. 1902 - studied in Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti The Tuscan Road, 1899 The Bearded Man, 1905
4. Literary Influences He read constantly, and was most interested in philosophical works of Nietzche, Baudelaire, Carducci, and Comte de Lautreamont. He developed the belief that the only route to true creativity was through defiance and disorder. He was most interested with figure drawing at this time. He embraced the bohemian lifestyle and radical philosophies.
5. Paris In 1906, Modigliani moved to Paris, the center of the Avante-Garde movement. At the same time, Gino Severini and Juan Gris had also moved to Paris. He settled in Le Bateau-Lavoire, a commune for poor artists in Montmartre, and rented a studio in Rue Caulaincourt. Modigliani decorated his studio with heavy drapes and Renaissance reproduction paintings and was seen to wear brown corduroys, a scarlet scarf, and a large black hat. Head of Woman with a Hat, 1907
6. Working in Paris Modigliani worked at a fast pace, making as many as 100 drawings a day. He was influenced by Henri Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Cezanne. His parisian friends called him Modi (which translates to cursed) He had many relationships with women, but ultimately fell in love with Jeanne Hebuterne, an art student. Her parents did not approve of Modigliani because he was Jewish. Paul Cezanne, Peasant, 1891 Toulouse-Lautrec, Jane Avril, 1892
7. Developing Style The Jewish Woman, 1908 Jean Alexandre, 1909
8. Developing Style Portrait of Paul Alexander on Green Background, 1909 The Beggar of Livorne, 1909
9. Signature Style Portrait of a Young Girl 1910 Portrait of Paul Alexander, 1912
10. Signature Style Madame Pompadour, 1914 Andre Rouveyre, 1915
11. Signature Style Bride and Groom, 1915 Portrait of Henri Laurens, 1915
12. Portraits of Artist Friends Portrait of Diego Rivera, 1914 Portrait of Frank Burty Haviland, 1914
13. Portraits of Artist Friends Portrait of Picasso, 1915 Portrait of Juan Gris, 1915
14. Portraits of Artist Friends Portrait of Jean Cocteau, 1917 Portrait of Chaim Soutine, 1917
15. Jeanne Hebuterne Jeanne Hebuterne in Red Shawl, 1917 Jeanne Hebuterne with Hat and Necklace, 1917
19. Late Portraits Girl in a Sailors Blouse, 1918 Leopold Zboroski, 1918
20. Late Portraits Lunia Czeckowska with her left hand on her cheek, 1918 Pierre Edouard Baranowski, 1918
21. Late Portraits Jeanne Hebuterne with her left arm behind her head, 1919 Young Man with Cap, 1919
22. Modiglianis Death Modigliani died on January 24, 1920 of tubercular meningitis (then incurable) He died penniless, having had only one solo exhibition in his life. He gave his artwork away in exchange for meals in restaurants. Since his death, nine novels, a play, a documentary, and three feature films have been devoted to his life.
23. Modiglianis Style Elongated neck and face Curving, rounded poses Flattened faces, with eyebrows that slope to meet the edges of the nose. Eyes that are filled with color, no iris or pupil definition Sometimes heavily outlined, sometimes delicately shaded Simple backgrounds, marks from paintbrush are visible Portrait of Man with Hat, 1915 Portrait of a Woman in a Black Tie, 1917 Head of a Girl, 1918
24. Making Elongated Self-Portraits Examples from: Deep Space Sparkle
25. Todays Studio Session Thumbnail sketches are small, simple drawings that fill up a page with ideas. They are not complete or very detailed! This is like a visual brainstorm. Sketch at least 5 different possibilities for your self-portrait in your sketchbook. Add hats and other accessories, practice using different facial expressions, and consider adding an arm or hand gesture. Next week, we will use your favorite sketch as the basis for a large oil-pastel drawing.