Ap chapter 22

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  • 1. AP Chapter 22 The Battle for National Reform

2. Theodore Roosevelt The accidental President wild manin favor of reform but not revolution. Extremely energetic He believed the federal government should not serve as the champion of any particular interest. 3. Trust Regulatordid not want to bust all trusts just the worst offenders 4. Trust-busting Sherman Antitrust Act against J. P. Morgans Railroad Northern Securities Company- If we have done anything wrong, send your man to my man, and they can fix it upMorgan Found to be a monopoly and it was dissolved. 5. Roosevelts policy toward Labor He saw himself as an arbitrator between labor and management. Threatened to send in troops in the Coal strike of 1902 and seize the mines if the mine owners failed to agree to arbitration. 6. Square DealTRs domestic Policypromise of fair and equal treatment for all The Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act of 1906sought some regulatory authority to the RR but not much. Pure Food and Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act both passed as a result of The Jungleestablished federal inspection of meat and set national standards to prevent business from adding harmful preservatives other hazardous ingredients to food and drugs. 7. Reform-The New Nationalism TR pushed for other reforms such as the 8 hour day, compensation for victims of industrial accidents, income taxes, and regulation of the stock market. He criticized those conservatives who would not go along with his reform measures. This caused a split in his support within the party. 8. Conservationists TR believed in restricting private development on undeveloped government lands. He loved the outdoors and wanted to preserve it for posterity. With the help of John Muir, founder of the Sierra Club, and Gifford Pinchot, TR used his influence to preserve almost two hundred million acres of government land. Created the National Forest Service No patience with legislative processExecutive orders 9. Map of National Forests 10. Foreign Policy TR was ready to take on the challenges of the new world. He believed in using Americans power in the world when and where it was deemed necessary. Persuaded Congress to appropriate money for a new modern Navy The Great White Fleet16 Battleships 11. Speak softly and carry and big stick 12. He was convinced that there were the civilized and the uncivilized nations in the world. Civilized Nations: white, Anglo-Saxon, economically developed and producers of industrial goods Uncivilized Nations: generally nonwhite, Latin or Slavic, sources of raw materials and markets 13. Racism did not play the only role of distinction in his judgment. Japan was an economically developed nation, therefore it was civilized. Civilized societies had the right and duty to intervene in the affairs of a backward nation to reserve order and stability for the sake of both nation's. Proponent of a powerful Navy 14. Protecting the Open Door in Asia He wanted the Open Door policy to remain strong in China. So when war broke out between Russia and China he intervene and helped bring about a peace treaty. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for this accomplishment. 15. Iron Fist Neighbor When the government of the Dominican Republic was deeply in dent to several European nations, France and Italy were threatening to take over the country if the debt wasnt promptly repaid. TR repeated the principles of the Monroe Doctrine and added the Roosevelt Corollary that stated the US would intervene in the affairs of any Latin American country that proved incapable of governing itself. Very controversial. 16. The Panama Canal 17. Roosevelt saw construction of a canal through Central America as vital to American power in the world. A canal would save time and money for both commercial and military shipping. The US offered Colombia $10 million for the right to construct a canal but they said no. So then the US persuaded some Panamanians to revolt against the Colombia government with our help. Within 2 weeks Panama was an independent country and the US had a treaty with them to build a canal. 18. http://youtu.be/Iz2rb1xrckI http://youtu.be/SRGICj6nkfY 19. During his administration : The Wright Brothers flew their fist glider in 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (12 seconds and 120 feet) 20. Harry Houdini 21. Teddy Bear becomes famous 22. First Family resembled a Circus 23. Model T 24. His popularity was so great that he was able to choose his successor Wm. Howard Taft 25. Wm. Howard Tafthe was no TR 26. Progressives expected Taft to enforce the antitrust laws and to make sure that the countrys natural resources were protected from big business. He lost their support early on. New cabinet officers Taft was more conservative that TR, but criticism was unfair 27. Conservation First to protect federal lands on which oil had been found Also protected land that contained coal Both going against Big Business 28. Trust-Busting Better record than TR Twice as many prosecutions Under the Sherman Anti Trust Act90 to 44 that TR had. (Standard Oil ) 29. Also under Tafts Watch 16th amendmentIncome tax 17th amendment-direct election of senators 30. Foreign Policy-Dollar Diplomacy Taft used financial as well as military might to promote US business interests overseas and Latin America. 31. During Taft's Administration The Titanic sinks-1912 32. Heaviest 332 lbs Only President to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 33. Isadora Duncan-mother of modern dance 34. TR in Africa 35. TR decided his successor was a mistake, so he decided to would run again. The Republican convention however nominated Taft instead. Bitterly disappointed TR decided to run on the 3rd party ticket The Bull Moose Party 36. Election of 1912 37. Woodrow Wilson If TR Bullied the Congress, Taft Bargained with the Congress and Wilson Seduced persuaded the Congress1st PhDwords First since John Adams to go to the Hill and address personally State of the Union speech. 38. Woodrow Wilson Self righteous, religious, and moral Energetic, firm, and committed to to reformbut not by regulated Government but by fair rules. Wanted US to be isolated from Global affairs very productive and progressive first 2 years Underwood Tarifflowered the tariff rates From 45% to 27% (Income tax made up difference) Federal Reserve Act-reorganized the banking systemcontrol money supply-set interest rates 39. During his term WWI Margaret Sanger worked on birth control His wife died and 1 year later remarries The Great Migration Charlie Chaplin 18th Amendment-Prohibition 19th Amendment-Womens Suffrage