ATP Presentation

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Glucose ATP! But how?!?

Glucose ATP!But how?!?Mrs. Jandy

So for a quick recapCellular respiration!

ADP + 6O2 + C6H12O6 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP oxygen + glucose carbon + water +ENERGY! dioxide

So, cellular respiration turns glucose (chemical energy) in to ATP (usable energy)

GlucoseATP

ATP is energy the cell can use to do work!

Like currency/money: Only this one molecule (ATP) is the right type of energy the cell can use

You cant buy groceries in Apopka with Japanese !!!

Energy is stored in the phosphate bonds

Energy is released when the phosphate bonds are broken

ATP Adenosine Triphosphate

Adenosine diphosphate [ADP]

KNOW THIS SLIDE!!!

ADP

In order to turn Glucose into ATP there are three steps!

Glycolysis

Krebs Cycle

Electron Transport Chain

Pause, Think, and Take Notes!What is ATP?

Where is energy stored in ATP?

What are the three steps needed to turn glucose into ATP?

Pause, Think, and Take Notes!What is ATP? ATP is the ONLY molecule that the cell can use for energy to do workWhere is energy stored in ATP? Energy from ATP is stored in the phosphate bondsWhat are the three steps needed to turn glucose into ATP? Glycolysis, The Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain

GlycolysisOccurs in the Cytoplasm

No oxygen required

1 glucose 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 high energy molecules (NADH)

BUT WE NEED MORE!!!!!

ATP COUNT: 2

The Krebs CycleOccurs in the Mitochondria

Requires Oxygen

2 pyruvates 2 ATP+ 8 high energy molecules (NADH, FADH)ATP COUNT: 4

Electron Transport ChainOccurs in Mitochondria cell membrane

Requires Oxygen

10 high energy molecules (NADH, FAD) 30 ATP

Uses enzyme called ATP SynthaseATP COUNT: 34

Lets wrap it up!Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and ETC

1 glucose 34 ATP!!!!!

Anaerobic RespirationWhat happens if we have to make ATP and dont have oxygen???

No Oxygen = Anaerobic Respiration!Only GLYCOLYSIS can take place which makes 2 ATP!Two kinds of anaerobic respirationIn animals- Produces 2 ATP + Lactic Acid (sore muscles!)In yeast- Produces 2 ATP + Ethyl Alcohol (yes, that alcohol)

Aerobic RespirationHave oxygen = Aerobic Respiration

What we do on a daily basis

Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and ETC can occur

Makes 34 ATP!

Anaerobic RespirationAerobic RespirationNo OxygenOxygenMakes Lactic acid or AlcoholMakes H2O and CO22 ATP34 ATP