1. David Paul Ausubel October 25, 1918 -July 9, 2008 He was an
American psychologist born in New York. His most significant
contribution to the fields of educational psychology, cognitive
science, and science education learning, was on the development and
research on advance organizers.
2. Cognitive Development
3. Focus: Cognitive Structure Advance Organizer
4. Raw perceptual data facts Cognitive Structure Or Present
Knowledge concepts theories propositions
5. meaningful learning takes place when an idea to be learned
is related in some sensible way to ideas that the learner already
possess. Ausubel believed that before new materials can be
presented effectively, the students cognitive structure should be
6. Advance Organizer Allows students to already have a birds
view ot to see the big picture of the topic to be learned even
before going to the details.
7. Subsumption- is a process by which new materials related to
relevant ideas in the existing cognitive structure. Derivative
Subsumption Correlative Subsumption Superordinate Subsumption
8. Derivative Subsumption: - Describes the situation in which
the new information you learn is an example of a concept that you
have already learned.
9. A bird has feathers, a beak, lays egg, it can fly, etc. BLUE
10. Correlative Subsumption: - higher-level concept of
11. Superordinate Subsumption: - You are already familiar with
the things but did not know the concept itself until it was
12. Mandy, those are what you called fruits.
13. Combinatorial Learning: -When the newly acquired knowledge
combines with prior knowledge to enrich the understanding of both
14. -Is a major tool proposed by Ausubel and it gives 2
benefits: 1. You will find it easier to connect new information
with what you already know about the topic. 2. You can readily see
how the concepts in a certain topic are related to each other.
15. Subsumption Theory Meaningful Reception of Info. Learners
Cognitive Structure Use of Advance Graphic Organizer Subsumption
Four Processes for Meaningful Learning Derivative Subsumption
Correlative Subsumption Superordinate Subsumption Combinational
Subsumption Advance Organizer Expository Narrative Skimming Graphic
17. EXPOSITORY: Describes the new content. provides new
knowledge that students will need to understand the upcoming
information are often used when the new learning material is
unfamiliar to the learner. They often relate what the learner
already knows with the new and unfamiliar materialthis in turn is
aimed to make the unfamiliar material more plausible to the
18. NARRATIVE: Presents the new information in the form of a
story to students.
19. SKIMMING: Is done by looking over the new material to gain
a basic overview.
20. Graphic Organizer: Visuals to set up or outline the new
information. This may include pictographs, descriptive patterns,
concept patterns, concept maps, Venn diagram.