Avoiding Plagiarism

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2. IN THIS TUTORIAL WE WILL COVER: When and why to cite your sources How to avoid plagiarism 3. PLAGIARISM:THE ACTION OR PRACTICE OF TAKING SOMEONEELSES WORK, IDEA, ETC. AND PASSING IT OFF ASONES OWN.-- OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY Seems pretty straightforward, right? It comes down to claiming work you didnt do as your own. In practice, it is more complicated. Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional. 4. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMTHIS IS THE BLATANT ATTEMPT TO CLAIMSOMEONES WORK AS YOUR OWN. Lets look at some examples 5. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMSUBMITTING ANOTHER STUDENTS WORK AS YOUR OWN 6. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMPAYING ANOTHER STUDENT TO DO YOUR PAPER/PROJECT 7. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMBUYING A PAPER/PROJECT ONLINE 8. INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMTHIS IS CHEATING AND THE WORST TYPE OFACADEMIC FRAUDIt is taken very seriously and can result in: an F for the paper/project an F for the course suspension for the term/semester expulsion from the college/university 9. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMTHIS OCCURS WHEN YOU INADVERTENTLYCLAIM SOMEONES WORK AS YOUR OWNLets look at some examples 10. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMCUTTING AND PASTING WITHOUT GIVING CREDIT 11. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMCUTTING AND PASTING FROM A VARIETY OFSOURCES WITHOUT GIVING CREDIT 12. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMFAILURE TO CITE ALL INFORMATION TAKEN FROMA SOURCE 13. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMUsually caused by: Bad note taking Misunderstanding what information to cite Errors in citing source materials 14. UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISMBecause it is difficult to distinguish betweenintentional and unintentional plagiarism, they mayhave the same consequences: an F for the assignment an F for the course suspension for the term/semester expulsion from the college/university 15. AVOIDING PLAGIARISMThese techniques can help: Develop a system to organize your research Learn when & how to cite outside sources 16. ORGANIZING YOUR RESEARCHProblem: Confusing your ideas with someone elsesSolution: Clearly separate your ideas from those in the sources youve found ARTICLEMY THOUGHTSWhy the PC Market is Suddenly so Weak. By The mobile Internet market is having aHamm, Steve. Business Week 1/29/2009negative effect on the market becausepeople dont need a PC to do tasks onceIn a report issued on Jan. 14. market watcherlimited to a desktop or laptop.IDC declared the fourth quarter a bust, with PCunits sales down 0.4% IDC forecasts lean timesahead for PC makers, with a 5.3% decline insales for 2009 and a slow recovery for 2010.page 82 17. ORGANIZING YOUR RESEARCHCitation Management software can help: Most allow you to annotate citations, so you can keep track of your analysis and thoughts A great tool for building your bibliography 18. KNOWING WHEN TO CITEProblem: Not sure when to cite?Solution: If it comes from an outside source, youshould almost always cite it.You must always cite: Facts and ideas from a specific source Direct quotations from a specific source Paraphrases from a specific source Summaries from a specific source 19. KNOWING WHEN TO CITEException: Common KnowledgeInformation that is well known, available in a number ofsources & accepted as fact does not need to be citedExamples: Bill Gates & Paul Allen founded Microsoft Yuri Gagarin, a Russian cosmonaut, was thefirst person to orbit the Earth George Washington was the 1st U.S. President 20. NOT SURE IF SOMETHING IS COMMONKNOWLEDGE?Ask yourself: Have I seen this fact in numerous places? Do others in this field consider it to be true?If the answer to both is yes then itsprobably common knowledge. If you areunsure, be on the safe side and cite it. 21. NEED MORE INFORMATION?Hamersley Library, Citation Guideswww.wou.edu/library/research/reference/style.phpThe Writing Centerwww.wou.edu/writingcenter