Baroque art

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Text of Baroque art

  • Started in Rome (Italy), and then it

    spread across Europe.

    Chronology: 17th Century

    Where does the name come from? Its not clear

    It might come from the Portuguese word barroco name given to irregular &

    imperfect pearls.

    It might come from the word verruga something that is considered defective.

    It was first used in the 18th Century, by Neoclassical artists, in a

    pejorative way to criticize the extravagant & distorted artistic

    forms of the previous century.

  • C H A R A C T E R I S T I C S :

    PROPAGANDISTIC ART: it tries to

    impress, amaze & persuade

    people.

    Catholic Church used it to

    promote its doctrines against

    Protestantism.

    Absolute Monarchs used it to

    display their power & enhance their

    authority.

    Bourgeoisie used it to

    demonstrate their economic success.

  • Considered OPPOSITE TO THE RENAISSANCE, despite it also uses

    element taken from the Classical art:

    Rejects Renaissance principles (proportion, symmetry, simplicity, order). It rather

    prefers theatrical, excessive, pretentious & complex forms.

    It tries to amaze & attract people appealing to their emotions, not their reasoning.

  • Great interest in DEPICTING FEELINGS, and pursuits DYNAMISM,

    MOVEMENT & TENSION.

  • A R C H I T E C T U R E : C h A r a c t e r i s t i c s

    Use of classical elements (columns, arches,

    pediments, entablatures) but used with total

    freedom no proportion (giant order), balance, order,

    simplicity they rather pursue a visual & emotional

    impact.

    Taste for curved lines to create sense of movement

    & a theatrical effect:

    Curved walls to create chiaroscuro effects

    (lights/shades)

    Broken pediments

    Solomonic column (twisted shaft)

    Elliptical plans

    Extensive decoration specially the faades, as they

    are considered store windows to attract people inside

    the buildings.

  • VS

    RENAISSANCE

    Villa Capra or Villa la Rotonda

    (Palladio)

    BAROQUE

    Church of Saint Charles at the

    Four Fountains (Borromini)

  • Transformations of Saint Peters Basilica (Vatican city):

    Enlarged the central nave to convert its plan to one of Latin cross

    Italy: CARLO MADERNO

  • Italy: CARLO MADERNO

    Transformations of Saint Peters Basilica (Vatican city):

    Redesign of he faacde of the Basilica use of giant order

  • Baldachin of St. Peters Basilica (Vatican city)

    Bronze covering structure over the altar supported by huge Salomonic columns

    Italy: BERNINI

    Most renowned Baroque artist.

    Architect & sculptor.

    Sponsored by the Popes.

  • Italy: BERNINI

    Baldachin of St. Peters Basilica (Vatican city)

  • St. Peters Square

    (Vatican city)

    Italy: BERNINI

    Theatrical effect its shape symbolizes the big arms of

    the Catholic Church that embrace the whole humanity.

  • St. Peters Square (Vatican city)

    Italy: BERNINI

    The Egyptian obelisk commemorates the martyrdom of St. Peter at the Circus of

    the roman emperor Neron.

    http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=5fHi43bVWkEqhM&tbnid=KllYzpaXkUF0QM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.adevaherranz.es%2FArte%2FUNIVERSAL%2FEDAD%2520MODERNA%2FPaises%2FItalia%2FItalia%2520Barroco%2F&ei=lGFbUYKEDubO0QX7n4CwDQ&bvm=bv.44697112,d.ZG4&psig=AFQjCNG6Wmt_aFBC295cfuPOilmoRLP1xg&ust=1365029641760753

  • St. Peters Square (Vatican city)

    Italy: BERNINI

    Giant order

    columns

  • San Andrs del Quirinal (Rome) Muro cncavo, portada convexa

    Italy: BERNINI

  • San Andrs del Quirinal (Rome)

    Italy: BERNINI

  • San Carlos de las Cuatro Fuentes

    (Rome)

    Italy: BORROMINI

    Famous for his great display

    of movement

  • San Carlos de las Cuatro Fuentes

    (Rome)

    Italy: BORROMINI

  • San Carlos de las Cuatro Fuentes

    (Rome)

    Italy: BORROMINI

  • San Carlos de las Cuatro Fuentes

    (Rome)

    Italy: BORROMINI

  • Borromini:

    Church of San Ivo della Sapienza (Rome)

    Italy: OTHER BAROQUE BUILDINGS

  • Borromini:

    Church of San Ivo della

    Sapienza (Rome)

    OTHER BAROQUE BUILDINGS

  • Borromini:

    Faade of the Church of Santa Ins (Piazza

    Navona, Rome)

    Italy: OTHER BAROQUE BUILDINGS

  • Borromini: Oratorio de San Felipe Neri

    (Rome)

    Italy: OTHER BAROQUE BUILDINGS

  • Baltasar Longhena:

    Church of Santa Maria della Salute

    (Venice)

    Pietro da Cortona:

    Church of Santa Maria della Pace (Rome)

    Italy: OTHER BAROQUE BUILDINGS

  • Mansart:

    Palace of Versailles (Paris) comisioned by the Roi Soleil

    France

    FrenchBaroque architecture was less complex:

    Straight lines

    Less decoration

  • France

    Palace of Versailles (Paris)

  • HALL O MIRRORS

    (Galera de los Espejos)

    Creaban una escenografa autnticamente barroca

    para exaltar la figura del Rey Sol:

    17 ventanales a los que corresponde otros tantos

    espejos en la pared de enfrente.

    Abundancia decorativa.

    Bveda con pinturas sobre las victorias de Luis XIV.

    Iluminacin a base de 3.000 lmparas duplicada por

    los espejos.

    France

  • France

    Palace of

    Versailles

    (Paris)

  • Palace of Schnbrunn (Viena)

    Palace of La Granja de

    San Ildefonso (Segovia)

    Versalles became the model of Royal palace in Europe.

    France

  • Les Invalides (Paris)

    France

    Commissioned by

    Louis XIV, as a hospital

    and a retirement

    home for war

    veterans.

    Burial place of

    Napoleon Bonaparte.

  • ACTIVITY 1

    1) What similarities & differences does Baroque art have with Renaissance art?

    2) Why do we say that Baroque art was propagandistic?

    3) Who were the main patrons of Baroque art?

    4) Devise a diagram to summarize Baroque architecture. Include:

    Characteristics Artists Examples

  • Naturalism

    Expression of feelings

    Movement achieved by dynamic & complex compositions (figuraserpentinata), unstable poses, treatment of clothing, excessive gesticulation

    Strong chiaroscuro big contrasts of lights & shades to increase dramatism.

    Topics:

    Mainly religious in Catholic countries (Italy, France, Flanders, Spain...)

    New topics addressed to the bourgeoisie (especially in Protestant countries)

    Mythological

    Scenes of everyday life

    Portraits

    Landscapes

    Still lifes (bodegones)

    S C U L T U R E & P A I N T I N G :G E N E R A L C h A r a c t e r i s t i c s

  • ACTIVITY 2

    1) Fill in the chart as you follow the explanation:

    2) Match the artists with their characteristics:

    Artists Examples

    SCULPTURE Italy

    PAINTING

    Italy

    Flanders

    Holland

    Spain

    Caravaggio

    Rubens

    Rembrandt

    Velazquez

    Court painter of Felipe IV

    Master in painting portraits

    Tenebrism & great realism

    Movement, colour & voluptuous women

  • David

    Italy: BERNINI

    VSRENAISSANCE

    BAROQUE

  • David

    Italy: BERNINI

  • Apolo & Dafne

    Italy: BERNINI

  • Ecstasy of

    Saint

    Theresa

    Italy: BERNINI

  • Tomb of Pope Urban VIII(Vatican City)

    Italy: BERNINI

  • Portrait bust of

    Louis XIV

    Italy: BERNINI

  • Realism: no idealization; reality & nature are represented as they are

    (ugliness, pain, deformity)

    Triumph of color over line. Fluid brush-strokes.

    Illusion of depth & distance (3D) through aerial perspective & a

    magnificent use of chiaroscuro.

    Main artists:

    Italy Caravaggio

    Flanders Rubens

    Holland Rembrandt

    Spain Velazquez

    P A I N T I N G :s p e c i f i c c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s

  • The Calling of St.

    Mathew(Vocacin de San Mateo)

    JesusSt. PeterSt. Mathew

    Italy: CARAVAGGIO

    Tenebrism (very

    pronounced form of

    chiaroscuro)

    Great realism (total

    absence of

    idealization)

    humble people &

    environments.

  • Conversion of Saint Paul(La Conversin de San Pablo)

    Crucifixion of St. Peter(Crucifixin de San Pedro)

    Italy: CARAVAGGIO

  • La Flagelacin de

    Cristo

    La Decapitacin de San Juan Bautista

    Judit y

    Holofernes

    El entierro de

    Cristo

    Italy: CARAVAGGIO

  • Baco

    Still life (bodegn) Absence of idealization (vulgar

    character, symptoms of

    inebriation)

    Italy: CARAVAGGIO

  • Characterized by:

    Movement curved lines,

    complex & dynamic

    compositions

    Colour clear triumph of

    color over line. Fluid brush-

    strokes. Brilliant colours.

    Curvy & voluptuose

    women with white skin

    ideal of female beauty

    The Three Graces

    (Las tres Gracias)

    Flanders: RUBENS

  • El juicio de Paris

    Flanders: RUBENS

  • La adoracin de los magos

    Flanders: RUBENS

    El alzamiento de la cruz

    El Des