Baroque painting

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  1. 1. BAROQUE PAINTING Revision
  2. 2. Painting Subjects: religious and profane (mythological, allegorical, historical or portraits) Composition: complicated; taste for big groups, with different centres of attention. Portraits are just essential Lines: dynamic and complicate. Diagonal is the most used or combinations of horizontal and vertical Colour: rich, with great effects due to the use of oil and contrast depending on the areas Strange elements: secondary plans, mirrors
  3. 3. Painting Kinds of depiction: Religious: martyrdoms, sufferance and blood Mythological: generally developed with contemporary characters Allegorical: virtues and sins portrayed as humans Portraits: royal, bourgeois (doelen), beggars, handicapped Customs: every days life Historical: bear witness of historical events Landscapes: never quiet sceneries Still-life: food and vegetables, flowers, animals Vanities or vanitas: remainders of the egalitarian role of death
  4. 4. Painting: Italy Caravaggio Very naturalist Theologically incorrect Enormous contrasts of light Difficult compositions Known as the creator of tenebrism Works: Supper at Emmaus, the Death of the Virgin, Saint Mathews Conversion
  5. 5. Painting: Italy Carracci He received Caravaggios influence Naturalism Perfect and idealised world His works are completely different from those of Caravaggio Works: Cerasi Chapel
  6. 6. Painting: Flanders Rubens He was a complete artist Gifted with organization and a sense for realism and idealism He enjoyed harmonys enviable balance of opposites Romantic but rooted in classical tradition Works: The Three Graces, The Garden of Love, Catalina of Medicis Portrait
  7. 7. Painting: Flanders Van Dyck He was Rubens s student In his works there in a languid melancholic mood Portraits of the aristocracy Works: Charles I Jordaens Specialized in genre and banquet scenes Strong contrasts of light and shade Realistic images Works: The King Drinks
  8. 8. Jordaens Van Dick
  9. 9. Painting: Netherlands Rembrant Thunderous use of light and shade Dramatic figures filling the picture surface Fluid and vigorous brushwork He substituted the exact imitation of form by the suggestion of it: painting looked to be unfinished Limited palette but able to depict colours He worked in complex layers Great care to the physical qualities of the medium Works: The Nights Ronda, Saskia having a Bath, The Jew Bridegroom, The Philosopher
  10. 10. Painting: Netherlands Hals He brought life to groups Portraits as a snapshot Unconventional work for his moment Quick depictions with a few touches of light Works: The Gipsy Girl Vermeer Domestic interiors Serene sense of compositional balance and spatial order Mundane, domestic or recreational activities He used the camera obscura to exaggerate perspective Works: Girl with the Pearl Earring, View of Delft, the Procuress, The Geographer
  11. 11. HalsVermeer
  12. 12. Painting: France Poussin Founder of the classical school Myths, essential subject and sensuality Works: Et in Arcadia Ego La Tour Preocupation with the realistic rendering of light Effects of chiaroscuro and diffusion of artificial illumination Works: Marie Magdalene Le Nain Common life, peasants and poor people Grave presences, not comic or gallant, neither picaresque or satirical Works: Peasants Family
  13. 13. PoussinLa Tour Le Nain
  14. 14. Painting: Spain Zurbarn He was a portrait painter Main subjects: religious (saints, monastic orders members) Austere, harsh, hard edged style Still-lives Works: Paintings of the Guadalupe Monastery, Sainte Casilde, Still-life with lemons
  15. 15. Painting: Spain Velzquez He painted any kind of subjects He was Court Painter and travelled to Italy to buy art works and he knew classical masters works Portraits: include royal family and nobility, some of them equestrian, but also normal people of the court or even beggars (Olivares, Juan de Pareja, Esopo, Meninas) Religious paintings are treated as common subjects, with great importance given to daily life objects (Christ in Martha and Marys house)
  16. 16. Painting: Spain Mythological work appear normally in a secondary plan or represented by normal people (Spinners, Drunks) Historical scenes (Bredas Surrender) Nudes (Venus of the mirror) Landscapes (Villa Medicci) Genre scenes: same importance given to the tools or to people (Old Woman Cooking Eggs, Sevillas Water-Seller)
  17. 17. Painting: Spain Characteristics: Great detail when wanted Aerial perspective Pre-Impressioniss (few matter and impression of unfinished work) Special conception of the space (no divisions of it) Resource to very baroque elements such as mirrors that create an illusionist space Richness of colours
  18. 18. Painting: Spain Murillo His work is not strong but his images are convincing Realism but a bit idealistic He is reputed as children painter, works in which beggars and poor children are depicted He created a model of Immaculate, moved by the wind and with a lot of putti Works: Children Eating Fruit, Two Women at a Window, the Holy Family of the Bird, Immaculate
  19. 19. Rococo Painting Instead of portraying the moral depression of the time, they protrait high society and gallant festivals Beautiful sensuality is masterly depicted through the colour Conversations, rural pleasures, character as the Italian and French Commendians indicates the spirit of this art Slim images, in unaffected pose, in rural sceneries and painted with the finest colours
  20. 20. Rococo Painting France Wateau He depicted mankind as the most interesting natural element: affinity toward them Elegant characters in vibrant colours Works: Embarkation to Citera, Gilles Fragonard Rapid an spontaneous painter He depicted the sense of human folly Works: The Swing Chardin Master of the still life Paintings in brown colours with mids, but loyal to reallity
  21. 21. FragonardWatteauChardin
  22. 22. Rococo Painting England Hogart Caricature in his morality paintings Fluent and vigorous brushwork Works: Shrimp Girl Gainsborough Artist of the landscape and the portrait Ability to regard all creatures with sympathy Works: Landscape with Gypsies, Sunset
  23. 23. HogartGainsborough
  24. 24. Rococo Painting Italy Tiepolo Master of the decorative painting He used the fresco Works: Wurzburg Palace, Allegory of the Spanish Monarchy Canaletto Townscapes painter (vedute) He apparently painted directly from nature He used the camera obscura Works: Architectural Capriccio, The Bucintoro Returning to the Molo on Ascension Day
  25. 25. TiepoloCanaletto