Creating an Interactive Story

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  1. 1. Twitter:@kkapp Tools of Engagement: "Tools of Engagement: Storytelling By Karl M. Kapp
  2. 2. Story Creation Steps 1. Identify Learning Objective Choose Only One 2. Choose Characters (Teacher or Learner) 3. Create Plot (What Happens) 4. Develop Questions (Advance Plot) Only use one-two questions. 5. Create Tension (Between Characters) 6. Develop Resolution
  3. 3. Lets Get Started
  4. 4. What story elements and tools of engagement are used?
  5. 5. Twitter:@kkapp Example: Interactive Story The Quest for Learner Engagement:
  6. 6. Karl M. Kapp Presents:
  7. 7. The Case of the
  8. 8. t was a quiet Monday morning, very quiet, really quiet almost too
  9. 9. Then, out of nowhere, she flew into my office, like a boss who had a problem that needed solved Hi Boss.
  10. 10. I have a problem that needs to be solved.
  11. 11. We need more engagement. She wanted to increase learner engagement and have more interactive stories to help learners connect with content.
  12. 12. You came to the right instructional designer thats what I do
  13. 13. Yeah, I knowthats why I hired you. Ugh.. Now take the new person here and go ask Clyde, he went to a conference on the subject.
  14. 14. For some reason, she didnt seem bothered by the fact that she was breaking the companys no smoking policy
  15. 15. Heres where you come in. Help me figure out the clues and fast.
  16. 16. Weve got to solve this mystery. Help me figure out the clues and fast.
  17. 17. Text KarlKapp to 37607 Or First, take out your text machines. K a r l K a p p
  18. 18. Choose your disguise
  19. 19. Question Here
  20. 20. Stakes are high and time is short.
  21. 21. Learners are not Engaged? Why? Learning Eagle June 24, 2016See Section F for Coupons Investigation Opened By Harry James Las Vegas, NV It started out as just another normal day. Larry the Learner had just sat at his desk to embark on a learning journey. A journey that turned horrific within only a few moments. The result is unnecessary incident that could and should have been avoided by having the right instructional strategy coupled with the right content. The news of disengaged learners was spreading
  22. 22. We need to find Ivanthe Informant...
  23. 23. I knew one of his old haunts
  24. 24. He was about as friendly as a fly at a fly strip convention. Hello, Clueless
  25. 25. Look I am going to ask you some questions, the right answer gives you a clue to interactive storytelling. He was about as friendly as a fly at a fly strip convention.
  26. 26. What do you and your detectives here have to say about this?
  27. 27. What is the key element of a learning story?
  28. 28. Question Here
  29. 29. Here, let me show you what I think is the key element.
  30. 30. He then grabbed his typewriter to show me the key element of instructional storytelling.
  31. 31. PlotSomething has to happen. There must be some action, event or scenario that moves the learner from point A to point B. Something the learner cares about. Change: Character changes. Good defeats Evil. Character faces conflict & triumphs.
  32. 32. Ivan then grabbed his laptop to show me a demonstration.
  33. 33. Story-based Research Ethics Course
  34. 34. Let me give you another example of how stories power engagement.
  35. 35. Create Open Loops Law & Order
  36. 36. Thanks, Ivan.Get out of here. This mystery of engaging stories was starting to take shape
  37. 37. Lets brief the boss on what we know so far
  38. 38. So what have we learned?
  39. 39. So far, so good. Follow the next clue on the matchbook I found in my desk drawer.
  40. 40. I arrived at the place on the matchbook, as shady as a clump of oaks caught in an eclipse
  41. 41. Enter Question TextHmm What could this location and clue mean??? Tell me. Do engaging stories start with Action or Information?
  42. 42. Question Here
  43. 43. Action draws in the learner and encourages further engagement.
  44. 44. Too often instruction is about the content and not about interacting or engaging with the content. It needs to be about what you want the learner to do.
  45. 45. Make the learner do something Answer a question Identify a procedure. Make a decision. Solve a mystery. Confront a challenge. Pick a team.
  46. 46. Active learning increases student performance in science, engineering, and mathematics Scott Freemana,1, Sarah L. Eddya, Miles McDonougha, Michelle K. Smithb, Nnadozie Okoroafora, Hannah Jordta, and Mary Pat Wenderotha. PNAS Early Edition (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
  47. 47. Time for a recap with the bossshe looked a little franticshe wanted to know one more thing.
  48. 48. I want to know one more thing. What story elements can engage learners?
  49. 49. What game elements did we encounter today that can engage learners?
  50. 50. Any Others?
  51. 51. Great stuff, you folks really seemed to have cracked the case as to what makes engaging learning.
  52. 52. I thought my work was done but then.I found another pack of matches on my way home
  53. 53. But well have to leave that mystery for another presentation.
  54. 54. What game elements and tools of engagement are used in this presentation?
  55. 55. 1) Story/Genre 2) Audience Input 3) Questions 4) Mystery/Curiosity 5) Characters 6) Action
  56. 56. QUESTIONS?
  57. 57. The End
  58. 58. Credits: Detective Artwork Courtesy of Vanessa Bailey Typewriter is MS Clip Art
  59. 59. Lets Examine the Elements of the Story
  60. 60. Parts of a Story
  61. 61. Stories need Characters
  62. 62. Stories need Plot What is happening
  63. 63. Stories need Tension
  64. 64. Stories need Resolution
  65. 65. Stories need Resolution
  66. 66. Stories need Conclusion
  67. 67. 1. Characters Stories Need 2. Plot (something has to happen). 3. Tension 4. Resolution 5. Conclusion
  68. 68. Storytelling
  69. 69. Researchers have found that the human brain has a natural affinity for narrative construction. Yep, People tend to remember facts more accurately if they encounter them in a story rather than in a list. And they rate legal arguments as more convincing when built into narrative tales rather than on legal precedent. Carey, B. (2007) this is Your Life (and How You Tell it). The New York Times. Melanie Green Chapter 2 The Gamification of Learning and Instruction.
  70. 70. Speer, N. K., Reynolds, J. R., Swallow, K. M., & Zacks, J. M. (2009). Reading Stories Activates Neural Representations of Visual and Motor Experiences.Psychological Science, 20(8), 989999. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02397.x When a person reads about certain activities in a story, the areas of the brain associated with those activities are activated. The research found that different brain regions track different aspects of a story. If the character moved, the corresponding region of the brain for physical movement became active.
  71. 71. Story Type Goal of Story Expressive Teach content or convey existing information. Strategic Promote certain ways of working or thinkingcultural shifts. Reflective Captures complexities embedded within a situation or points out absurdities of a current state of affairs. Transformative Describe a possible new future or a new way of operating. Alterio, Maxine & McDrury, Janice. Learning Through Storytelling in Higher Education: Using Reflection and Experience to Improve Learning. Routledge. 2003.
  72. 72. Become a Story ConnoisseurObserve how movie makers, television directors, and novelists craft stories. Ask to Hear StoriesWhen debriefing a person providing information for a course, ask for stories illustrating key points. Ask Story QuestionsStories follow a structure, ask structured questions around which stories are built.
  73. 73. Questions
  74. 74. You Try It!
  75. 75. Divide into teams. Decide what you want to teach. Create story. Use Poll Everywhere Add to PowerPoint.
  76. 76. Story Creation Steps 1. Identify Learning Objective Choose Only One 2. Choose Characters (Teacher or Learner) 3. Create Plot (What Happens) 4. Develop Questions (Advance Plot) Only use one-two questions. 5. Create Tension (Between Characters) 6. Develop Resolution