Creative and critical thinking

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Creative Thinking

Text of Creative and critical thinking

  • 1. +Strategies forDeveloping Critical andCreative ThinkingShont M. Wallace

2. +21st Century Learning In order to promote creative learning in the 21st century,we must ensure our students develop the following skills :1. Synthetic Ability- A person who can pioneer new ideas2. Analytic Ability- Critical thinker who analyzes andevaluates ideas3. Practical Ability- One who can translate theory topractice(Sternberg and Williams, 2003) 3. +So, how do you facilitate an environmentconducive of creative and critical thinking? 4. +Creative Thinking1. Allow students choices on how to demonstrate masteryof objectives. Did you mother ever tell you that you will only learn thehard way? Even after she told you a million times to dosomething one way, you still did what you wantedHowever, you learned from your experience! Students need choices, in order to try out new ideas. We often learn by making mistakes and makingimprovements. You can require that students provide an outline of whatthey plan to do, in order to best support their efforts. 5. + Creative Thinking, Contd2. Create an accepting classroom environment. Educators have a strong sense of control in the classroomdynamic, in regards to respect. Allowing students to brainstorm and present new ideas withoutbeing critical of them will promote creative thinking.3. Interdisciplinary connections matter. Meet with colleagues from other subjects and find out what theyare teaching or have recently taught. Reinforcing knowledge across subjects offers repition for thestudents so they can grasp major aspects more. Allow students to apply their abilities from their strongestsubjects in your class. 6. +www.flickr.com 7. +Creative Thinking, Contd4. Make time for creativity Using scaffolding techniques and ample, targetedfeedback, gives students a chance to continuously buildtheir knowledge while reflecting on the integration andapplication of what they learned. The best innovations did not happen overnight! 8. +www.flickr.com 9. +Creative Thinking Contd5. Encourage collaborative creativity Connectivism learning theory emphasizes the value ofcollboration. Working with others is a part of life. Many minds working together goes beyond the limits ofone persons thinking and abilities. 10. +www.flickr.com 11. +Critical Thinking1. Reflection is key to critical thinking Use short formative assessments that allow students to reflecton the days lessons and their own learning. The 1 Minute Assessment and Muddiest Point are greatformative assessments2. Get controversial! Ask questions that do not have concrete answers that requirestudents to really think about their own perspectives andothers. 12. +Critical Thinking, Contd3. Lecture is a part of teaching, but allow students to inquire andreport to the class. Inquiry is an essential skill in critical thinking ability. Having them report it also increases their learning. Students learn from other students, not only teachers. The act of reporting the information through multiplecommunication modes is a part of the critical thinking process. 13. +Critical Thinking, Contd4. Problem-based Learning The teacher is a facilitator, and learning is student-centered. Students can collaborate and integrate all of the knowledge,skills, and abilities that they have, in order to find solutions.5. Blooms Taxonomy Remember, learning is a process. Students will need to begin with lower-order, backgroundknowledge building skills, before being able to evaluate,integrate and create. Critical thinking can occur in the lower- order skill levels. 14. +www.flickr.com 15. +References Ennis, R. H. (2013). Twenty-one strategies and techniques forteaching critical thinking. CriticalThinking.Net. Retrieved fromhttp://www.criticalthinking.net/howteach.html Sternberg, R. & Williams, W. M. (2003). Teaching for creativity: Twodozen tips. The Center for Development and Learning. Retrievedfrom http://www.cdl.org/articles/teaching-for-creativity-two-dozen-tips/ Study Guides and Strategies. (n. d.). Problem-based learning.Retrieved from http://www.studygs.net/pbl.htm Study Guides and Strategies. (n. d.). Teaching critical thinking.Retrieved from http://www.studygs.net/teaching/crttch.htm