Creativity vs Copyright and the Digital World: who will win? Who SHOULD win?

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    28-Jan-2018

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  1. 1. Creativity Vs Copyright and Digital World Who will win? Who SHOULD win? By Marco Fioretti http://mfioretti.com Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  2. 2. A Digital World is wonderful for creators Examples: Tie Fighter, Dark Resurrection... Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Great works, Great Exposure, with less and less money
  3. 3. Copyright: what it should be, and what it IS Protect and reward authors.. was NOT the original purpose of most copyright laws Encouraging authors with copyright only was a method to achieve the purpose of common good = give people more culture, education, entertainment In its current form, copyright: Lasts too long (70+ years after death of creators?!?) Its too wide in scope Result: continuous abuses (thanks to digitization!) to: Censor: block free speech/political dissent Block creation of future, competing works (*) Example: www.techdirt.com/articles/20120407/00171418416/yes-copyrights-sole-purpose-is-to-benefit-public.shtml Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  4. 4. Of 173 Super-Hero Movies since 1977... 10+ Superman (1938!) 9+ Batman (1939!) 9+ Captain America (1941! / 1964) 13+ X-Men (1963) Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  5. 5. Creativity! No, wait... 77 out of 173 movies in 40 years are reboots/spin-offs/sequels/continuity.. Of stuff that is 60/70 years old Owned by the same 2/3 distributors and 5/6 publishers (Including Disney, which does even worst with traditional tales) Who forbid everybody else to make their own original movies with the same characters, at least for profit (*) Thanks to copyright that promotes and protect creativity (*) Recommended reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fan_film#Legal_situation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_issues_with_fan_fiction http://io9.gizmodo.com/5933976/are-fan-fiction-and-fan-art-legal Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  6. 6. Corporate-only creativity? No, thanks possible only thanks the combination of: Digital technology (3D, VFX, promotion through social media...) Abuse of copyright in time and scope Bad for creativity, creators, the economy, culture, free speech... saturates the market raises entry costs does not block copies: only future, original, but independent works with the same characters Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  7. 7. What if Batman and Superman were... Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Source: www.techdirt.com/articles/20160714/10232234972/fans-case-putting-batman-superman-public-domain.shtml DC would still (*) make lots of money because... (*) thanks to digitization, of course
  8. 8. What if Captain America was... Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved (*) https://www.reddit.com/r/lgbt/comments/17i15b/what_does_captain_america_have_to_say_about/ Captain America... was born in 1922, so he would probably have some old-fashioned ideas about sexuality. (*) he's a huge Bible nut (*) Homophobe and/or a religious fanatic? Realistic Thought provoking 100% legal, free speech-wise NOT going to happen, thanks to copyright, because it would hurt commercial interests
  9. 9. The (Italian) MGS fan movie you will never see Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved The CREATOR of Metal Gear Solid wants to see it. The copyright owners of MGS do not. End of story Source: http://kotaku.com/the-metal-gear-solid-fan-film-well-never-see-finished-1649735326
  10. 10. Free Asterix and Poirot! Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Asterix: born ~60 years ago still copyrighted by people who never wrote or drew anything Poirot: Born 100 years ago 40 years after Agata Christies death, you must ask permission to OTHERs to publish new Poirot novels
  11. 11. Out of Print??? No way! Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved In a digital world, Out of Print has NO RIGHT to exist It is economically feasible to print on demand, ad libitum Is it right to deny people the right to buy books, etc... in this way? Is it convenient for the actual authors? This book is only 30 years old, but nobody can buy it NEW. WHY?
  12. 12. The death of Fair Use and Public Domain Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  13. 13. The death of Fair Use and Public Domain Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Creative works done today will not be free before 2087 No old works in public domain from 2011 to 2019 Intellectual property CANNOT be like Physical Property Education and Free Speech need circulation and reuse Culture and Creativity need the past, and reuse of the past But they are now locked by copyright abuse (Out of print, Orphan Works...) Via digitization, and against original purpose of copyright Suggested Reading: http://mttlr.org/2011/01/06/the-death-of-the-public-domain/ and https://law.duke.edu/cspd/publicdomainday/
  14. 14. Digital Dangers for Creators and Culture Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved
  15. 15. Digital age & Digitization: what do they mean? Digitization = Encode, as huge strings of 1s and 0s,... In order to store and/or share them... Every kind of data or document! Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved 110010100110101010010010 Extremely convenient: one storage & network for everything Quite harmful for creativity and culture, but only if you dont know it!
  16. 16. Copyright lost by authors own fault Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Gene Roddenberry: Star Trek Creator Super Geek But so smart that he did not properly save his own screenplays and notes
  17. 17. Copyright lost by authors own fault Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved If you store your work in secret, proprietary file formats that can only be decoded with one, proprietary software program... The one who literally controls the right to copy is the author of that software And it is only YOUR FAULT Ignorance of digital matters is not excusable anymore for creators
  18. 18. And video/videogames are even worst... Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Nintendo Flipnotes from only seven years ago already lost?
  19. 19. Digital Dangers: closure of the analog hole Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Current laws and treaties (DRM, DMCA, etc) make it illegal to circumvent digital protection for copying. Analog to digital is (still) legal. Therefore, analog outputs are BAD! Results: you are forced to buy again (if possible...) what was already yours (VHS/DVD/Blu-Ray...) Besides paying for pirating your OWN pictures, texts, etc... whenever you buy a new phone, drive...
  20. 20. Digital Dangers: CENTRALIZED networks Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Above: an episode of Mr Rogers lost ~30 years ago, found and put on YouTube in March 2017 Below: same video, removed 1 day later because of copyright holders that were NOT using it at all Source: http://stop.zona-m.net/2017/03/all-the-absurdity-of-modern-copyright-in-one-removal/ Centralized social media = Much more visibility Much more (automatic) copyright abuse against creators and culture
  21. 21. Digital Dangers: Loss of Net Neutrality Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved AKA transforming the Internet into the next (closed) TV Faster for major content distributors Slower, or closed, to all OTHER creators and innovators Reference: https://blog.mozilla.org/blog/2017/05/18/one-step-closer-closed-internet/
  22. 22. Final proposals/provocations Marco Fioretti (marco@digifreedom.net) 2017/05/19 Scuola Romana dei Fumetti http://mfioretti.com http://stop.zona-m.net/ Some Rights Reserved Reduce copyright duration to 10, max 20 years after publication Make derivative but original works NOT blockable (with mandatory payment of fixed percentage on profits, if any?) To creators: become MUCH more knowledgeable of digital formats, protocols, networks, licenses... than, on average, they are today use and demand OPEN formats, protocols, software... in your work evaluate alternative licenses, e.g. Creative Commons to gain much more independence and opportunities