Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences

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  • Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences

    A/Prof Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo)Faculty of Engineering and IT slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo

    INED/MASTER Seminar 14 February 2017

    San Andreas flickr.com

    https://slideshare.net/abelardo_pardohttp://www.flickr.com/photos/san_andreas/33300942/

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 2

    Kontramax flickr.com

    Flipped Learning Feedback

    Student Engagement

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/kontramax/8244290608

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 3

    Kontramax flickr.com

    StudentEngagement

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/kontramax/8244290608

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 4

    Simple information transfer is not working

    Mazur, E. (2009). Farewell, lecture. Science, 323(5910), 50-51.

    Krugazor flickr.com

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/36453784@N00/470295396

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 5

    Juan tan Kwon flickr.com

    Unprecedented amount of learning opportunities: resources, spaces, formats, devices, etc.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/54449436@N00/5102042344

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 6

    Hungarian Snow

    flickr.com

    More complex decisions

    Unlimited choices Recorded lectures

    Lecture notes

    Collections of previous questions/answers

    etc.

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/19546327@N00/4214205977https://www.flickr.com/photos/19546327@N00/4214205977https://www.flickr.com/photos/19546327@N00/4214205977

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 7

    Philhearing flickr.com

    Gawronski, B., & Creighton, L. A. (2013). Dual Process Theories. In D. E. Carlston (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of social cognition (pp. 282-312). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Carsten Tolkm

    it flickr.com

    RationalAutomatic

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/philhearing/11052931094https://www.flickr.com/photos/laenulfean/5943132296

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 8

    Beware of technology pushing us away from rational thinking

    Jen R flickr.com

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/jypsygen/3283694730

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 9

    "There is no such thing as a neutral design"

    Jeremy Brooks flickr.com

    Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2008). Nudge. Great Britain: Yale University Press.

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeremybrooks/5021239786https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeremybrooks/5021239786https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeremybrooks/5021239786

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 10Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2008). Nudge. Great Britain: Yale University Press.

    People make good choices in contexts in which they have experience, good information, and prompt feedback"

    Derek Bruff flickr.com

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/derekbruff/5583561290https://www.flickr.com/photos/derekbruff/5583561290https://www.flickr.com/photos/derekbruff/5583561290

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 11

    Tom H

    awk flickr.com

    Approach the design as if you were a choice architect.

    Help students to make the right decisions.

    Every small detail counts!

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/8694823401https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/8694823401https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/8694823401

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 12

    Kontramax flickr.com

    FlippedLearning

    Student Engagement

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/kontramax/8244290608

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 13

    Bonwell, C. C., & Eison, J. A. (1991). Active Learning: Creating Excitement in the Classroom ASHEERIC Higher Education Report No. 1. Washington, DC, USA: George Washington University.

    Active Learning

    Any instructional method that engages students in the learning process.

    Active learning requires students to do meaningful learning activities and think about what they are doing.

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 14

    Active Learning Works

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 15

    -NAC

    H- flickr.com

    Understanding

    ApplyingAnalysing

    Evaluating

    Creating

    In L

    ectu

    reTu

    toria

    l/Ass

    ignm

    ents

    Revised Blooms Taxonomy

    Pohl, M. (2000). Learning to think thinking to learn: Models and strategies to develop a classroom culture of thinking. Hawker Brownlow Education.

    Cognitive Skills

    Remembering

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/7801285@N05/4473703113

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 16

    -NAC

    H- flickr.com

    Understanding

    ApplyingAnalysing

    Evaluating

    Creating

    Prep

    are

    Lect

    ure/

    Tuto

    rial

    Revised Blooms Taxonomy

    Pohl, M. (2000). Learning to think thinking to learn: Models and strategies to develop a classroom culture of thinking. Hawker Brownlow Education.

    Cognitive Skills

    Remembering

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/7801285@N05/4473703113

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 17

    Sam Abraham

    flickr.com

    Blended Learning

    Frontier between physical and virtual spaces is blurring

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/live-by-the-ocean/889324885

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 18

    1. Think in three spaces

    Towards higher order skills

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 19

    2. Keep the outcome in mind while designing

    After this lecture/weekstudents should

    CC

    SU N

    Z 2013 flickr.com

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/92238271

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 20

    training p a h flickr.com

    3. Design previous activities (Be Prepared!)

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/hinkelstone/2435823037

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 21

    Available: bit.ly/elec1601 (Only Australian Universities)

    http://bit.ly/elec1601

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 22

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 23

    Preparation

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 24

    Preparation

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 25

    Preparation: Summative assessment

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 26

    hijukal flickr.com

    Think outside of the box

    4. Design face-to-face activities

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/64015960@N00/5836119356

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 27

    In class activities

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 28

    Schell, J. (2012). Can you flip large classes? https://blog.peerinstruction.net/2012/04/06/can-you-flip-large-classes/

    Used in large classes

    https://blog.peerinstruction.net/2012/04/06/can-you-flip-large-classes/

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 29

    1.Use the theatre areas (five)

    2.Assign an identifier to each area

    3.Assign a digital gate to each area

    4.Show input values. Students raise hand if output is 1

    5.Acknowledge the fastest area in the theatre

    6.Repeat from step 3 changing the assignments

    Outcome: Understand how digital gates work

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 30

    Kontramax flickr.com

    Flipped Learning Feedback

    Student Engagement

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/kontramax/8244290608

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 31Hattie, J. A. (1999). Influences on student learning. Inaugural professorial address, University of Auckland, New Zealand

    If you could choose one More than 500 meta-analyses

    of student achievements

    100 factors with potential influence

    Feedback in top five

    (74 meta-analyses) Most effective form: video, audio, computer-assisted instructional feedback, and/or related goals

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 32

    Krause, K.-L., Hartley, R., James, R., & McInnis, C. (2005). The First Year Experience in Australian Universities: Findings from a decade of National Studies. University of Melbourne: Centre for the Study of Higher Education.

    Eleaf flickr.com

    The feedback question gets systematically lower values in student surveys

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/eleaf/2536358399http://www.flickr.com/photos/eleaf/2536358399http://www.flickr.com/photos/eleaf/2536358399

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 33

    Hattie, J., & Timperley, H. (2007). The Power of Feedback. Review of Educational Research, 77(1), 81-112. doi:10.3102/003465430298487

    Chris Ballard flickr.com

    Feedback Levels

    1. Task Level (understanding, performance)

    2. Process Level (what to do to understand, perform)

    3. Self-regulation level (detecting and directing effort)

    4. Self level (personal evaluation and affect)

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/worldoflard/8013340785https://www.flickr.com/photos/worldoflard/8013340785https://www.flickr.com/photos/worldoflard/8013340785

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 34

    Students are less likely to engage in pre-class activities if they are not interactive, do not provide formative feedback, and not coherently linked with

    the face-to-face activities

    O'Flaherty, J., & Phillips, C. (2015). The use of flipped classrooms in higher education: A scoping review. The Internet and Higher Education, 25, 85-95. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2015.02.002

    Dan Klim

    ke flickr.com

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/dklimke/499611305https://www.flickr.com/photos/dklimke/499611305https://www.flickr.com/photos/dklimke/499611305

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 35

    Tracking

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 36

    1. Tas

    k leve

    l (und

    erstan

    ding,

    perfo

    rman

    ce)

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 37

    No statistically significant difference in the rating of feedback (2013 edition, M=3.25, SD=0.97; 2014 edition, M=3.35, SD=1.03); t(389.78) = -0.97, p

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 38

    You should take a more careful look at how symbols are encoded in the video. Would you be able to encode/decode UAL symbols without looking at the video?

    Good initial work. However, did you understand the trick to handle encoding with a variable number of bits? Would you be able to provide an example?

    Good work. Would you be able to come up with your own machine language and your encoding scheme? Remember that it has to be unambiguous.

    Thorough work with the task about machine language encoding. Give it a quick review before the midterm.

    Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

    Instructor

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 39

    Algorithm

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 40

    AutomaticEmail

    2. Pro

    cess

    Leve

    l (wha

    t to do

    to un

    derst

    and)

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 41

    Helpful feedback

    Effect size (Cohens d) = 0.49. Medium positive effect

    Midterm Scores

    Effect size (Cohens d) = 0.21. Small positive effect

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 42

    Liu, D. Y.-T., Bartimote-Aufflick, K., Pardo, A., & Bridgeman, A. J. (2016). Data-driven Personalization of Student Learning Support in Higher Education. In A. Pea-Ayala (Ed.), Learning analytics: Fundaments, applications, and trends: A view of the current state of the art. In preparation: Springer.

    Upload student listing

    Upload indicators per student

    Write filters or rules

    Contact selected students with personalised email

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 43

    What if I tell you

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 44

    ontasklearning.org

    http://ontasklearning.org

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 45

    IF [video 3.9.5 not watched] THEN ."

    ontasklearning.org

    http://ontasklearning.org

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 46

    Support instructors to create personalised feedback

    Simple rule-base knowledge encoding

    Provide appropriate view of data sources

    Scale to large and highly diverse cohorts

    Open-source project

    First pilots in Q1/2 2017

    Tutorial in LAK 2017

    Contact us if interested

    ontasklearning.org

    http://ontasklearning.org

  • Abelardo Pardo Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences 47

    Jayneandd flickr.com

    Be aware of how technology affects engagement

    There is no neutral design. Choice architect.

    Think in blended space

    Prepare, Interact, Repeat

    The power of feedback

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/jayneandd/4450623309

  • Designing Effective Flipped Learning Experiences

    A/Prof Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo)Faculty of Engineering and IT slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo

    INED/MASTER Seminar 14 February 2017

    San Andreas flickr.com

    https://slideshare.net/abelardo_pardohttp://www.flickr.com/photos/san_andreas/33300942/