Digital Literacy and ICT in Education

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digital literacy, ICT, information and communication technology, mgsree, technology for schools


  • 1.Digital Literacy &ICT in EducationM.G. SreekumarIndian Institute of Management Kozhikode

2. Agenda The Information / Knowledge Paradigm Some Thoughts Teachers Concerns Pedagogy Vs. Andragogy ICT Overview Changing Information Landscape WWW Digital Literacy E-Learning Overview Key Enabling Technologies / Tools for Schools Open Source Software - Overview 3. I never teach my pupils;I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn. Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955) 4. There are billions of neurons in our brains, but whatare neurons? Just cells. The brain has no knowledgeuntil connections are made between neurons.All that we know, all that we are, comes from the wayour neurons are connected.-- Tim Berners-Lee 5. Organizational Knowledge Sharing K = (P + I) SPeople TechnologyInformation 6. Teachers Concerns Students can no longer prepare bark tocalculate problems. They depend instead onexpensive slates. What will they do when theslate is dropped and breaks?Teachers Conference, 1703 7. Teachers Concerns Students depend on paper too much. They nolonger know how to write on a slate withoutgetting dust all over themselves. What willhappen when they run out of paper?Principals Association Meeting, 1815 8. Teachers Concerns Students depend too much upon ink. Theyno longer know how to use a knife tosharpen a pencil.National Association of Teachers, 1907 9. Teachers Concerns Students depend too much on store boughtink. They dont know how to make theirown. What will happen when they run out? Rural American Teacher, 1928 10. Teachers Concerns They say now the educational systems haveundergone a paradigm shift and its no longerteacher-centric or classroom centric- ITS STUDENT CENTRIC !- ITS LEARNER CENTRIC !! Anonymous 11. If Education goes out of Classrooms and the Knowledge gets liberated from Teachers, what would be the role of Educators? Anonymous 12. Pedagogy > Learner Learners self-concept moves from dependency toindependency or self-directedness They accumulate a reservoir of experiences that canbe used as a basis on which to build learning Their readiness to learn becomes increasinglyassociated with the developmental tasks of socialroles Their time and curricular perspectives change frompostponed to immediacy of application and Fromsubject-centerednesstoperformance-centeredness 14. Indicators Paradigm Shift - Technology lifestyle Trends in teaching / learning process Emergence of a new Digital World Vanishing links in the info. supply chain Velocity - the order of the day Business @ speed of thought Learning / Unlearning / Relearning @ speedof change 15. ICT in SchoolsActs as a Force Multiplier for the SchoolStudent Centric Learning has added greatvalue for both the learner and the learned 16. ICT in SchoolsRole of ICT in Knowledge based SocietyThe National curriculum framework 2005 (NCF2005) highlighted the importance of ICT in schooleducationParadigm shift imperative in education:Imparting instructions,Collaborative learning,Multidisciplinary problem-solving andPromoting critical thinking skills 17. National ICT AgendaPEOPLE- Work Culture- ICT Skills- Knowledge worker- Learning SocietyINFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATION & CONTENT- CommunicationKNOWLEDGE-BASEDKNOWLEDGE- - Smart Schools- Fibre-Optic Cabling ECONOMY - e-govt.- Gigabit ATM - Smartcard- Satellite- Transport/Logistic - Tele-medicine - Others- etc 18. Books, eBooks, JLS,Books, eBooks, JLS,Books, eBooks Books, eBooks eJournals, Scholarly POD, JLs, eJLs,eJournals, ScholarlyPOD, JLs, eJLs, Articles, ePrint Archives,Articles, ePrint Archives, NewspapersNewspapersETDs, eCoursesAV media ETDs, eCourses AV media Popular PopularInformation InformationScholarly Scholarly InformationInformationThe InformationThe InformationWeb Landscape Digitized Digitized Web LandscapeResources Information InformationResources(DL Initiatives) (DL Initiatives)Surface Web, Surface Web, Commercial,Commercial,Deep Web,Deep Web, National,National, Multi-ModalMulti-Modal State & Local Level State & Local LevelSemantic Web Semantic WebNGOsNGOs 19. The Google GenerationThe Digital Native Generation 20. Magic of the Web The universe (which others call the Web) is the placewhere society keeps the sum total of humanknowledge. Its where we learn and play, shop anddo business, keep up with old friends and meet newones ... Today we stand at the epicenter of a revolution in howsociety creates, organizes, locates, presents,and preserves information ... .... Its all the Web .... Ian Witten et al. in "Web Dragons" 21. Google Syndrome Can we assume that a search enginewill intrinsically teach how to find,manage and interpret information ?? 22. Digital Literacy Effective use of technology to improve learning,productivity, and collaboration Ability to find, use, summarize, evaluate, andcommunicate information is critical to success inthe global knowledge economy 23. Digital Literacy Skills, knowledge and understanding required touse new technology and media to create andshare meaning Involves the functional skills of reading andwriting digital texts: Being able to read a website by navigatingthrough hyperlinks and writing and by uploading text as well as digitalphotos to a social networking site Knowledge of how particular communicationtechnologies affect the meanings they convey,and the ability to analyse and evaluate theknowledge available on the web 24. Digital Literacy Optimal teaching and learning requires a fullrange of ICT tools, including: Broadband Internet connectivity; Appropriate Software Applications; and Operating environments 25. Challenges Digital media literacy - a key skill in everydiscipline and profession Appropriate metrics of evaluation lag behind theemergence of new scholarly forms of authoring,publishing, and researching Economic pressures and new models ofeducation present unprecedented competition totraditional models of the school/ university Keeping pace with the rapid proliferation ofinformation, software tools, and devices 26. Key Trends World of workis increasingly becomingcollaborative Technologies used are increasingly cloud-based,and the notions of IT support are decentralized People wish to work, learn, and study wheneverand wherever they want Abundance of resources and relationships madeeasily accessible via the Internet is increasinglychallenging the educators roles in sense-making,coaching, and credentialing 27. Technology Adoption to EnhanceTeaching and Learning What are the relationships between theresources available to teachers in support of technology adoption, teachers attitudes toward technology, teachers professional development, and teacher use of technology and stage of adoption? What conditions are more likely to promotetechnology integration into classroominstruction by teachers? If change is to occur in the classrooms, it mustbegin with the teacher, not the technology 28. Digital Natives New Gen Digital Natives Children are engaging more than ever before with technology and digital media: video games, music editing, animation, social networking sites, video sharing, and other different forms of online communication 29. Learning 2.0 30. What is E-learning?The use of Internet technologies to deliver a E-learning isbroad array of solutions that enhanceInternet-enabled learningknowledge and performanceRosenberg, 2001 31. E-Learning ICT assisted/based systems CBTs / WBTs Online Courses / Courseware E-Resources >> Learning Objects Digital Libraries Discussion Forums Digital Portfolios Tele / Video Conferencing Web 2.0 based (collaborative) Learning 2.0 32. Enterprise IT Environment IntegrationShared Data Intranet FirewallInternetPCs Servers 33. You dont understand anything until youlearn it more than one wayMarvin Minsky 34. E-learning: Blended modeChalk-and-board has long Interactive Digital Content:ruled the classrooms more emphasis will not be eliminated on demand learning Less emphasis interactive 35. Open SourceGeneral Platforms / ApplicationsOSs Net/Web Security MLsLinux, BSD..1992+OAI Web ServersApache, Java apps.. Img Processing IMageMagick Server-Side ScriptingLAMP, WAMP, MAMPApplicationsMobile ComputingEmacs, grep, sendmail, sshWML, WAP, WiFi...Prgm Langs Web Services RDBMSPerl, PHP, Tomcat, Cocoon, MySQL, PostgreSQL, mSQLPythonAnt, SRU/SRW 36. A KNOWLEDGE INTERACTION INTERFACE (KII)FOR A KNOWLEDGE WORKER WorkgroupStrategic Info. edg tenSelf Study / Discoveryleow em Knowledge Kn ag anMapMPushDigitalTechnologyLibraryE-LearningPersonal Dash Board E-MailContactBest Practicesgroups Repository Group Study / Collaboration 37. Web Based E-Learning Platform LMS - The Virtual Classroom Announcements - Front office of the virtual classroom Course - Syllabus, schedule etc. Staff / Instructor Course Documents - Upload relevant readingmaterials, articles etc. Assignments - Essays, tests, and quizzes taken bythe students Communication - E-Mail, Discussion Groups, Chat,Roster, Group Works etc. External Links - Links to outside Websites /resources Tools - Enabling students with various softwares,application templates, digital drop boxes etc. 38. Learning Management System (LMS)Moodle Open Source LMSBoom to students who are slow learnersTeachers find it difficult to adjust to the pace of learning ofvarious studentsStudents have certain preference to Channel ofCommunication Visual, Auditory and KinestheticStudents require a huge amount of information andresources available in the Internet, E-Journals, E-Books etc.The entire lecture and clarifications can be made availablein the LMS 39. Teachers Benefits from LMSTest the learning of Students quickly through Objective typequestions;Student can be in touch with the teacher during any part ofthe dayFacilitates teacher to continuously monitor studentsprogress Time spent in studies Pace of learning Ability to translate the learning into practical applications 40. Social Media, Software & Networking 41. Web 2.0Facilitates NetworkingProvides Authentic Learning ExperiencesEncourages Global AwarenessCreativityInnovationCritical ThinkingCollaborationFosters Communication 42. 10 Internet Technologies Educators Should be Informed AboutInternet technologies that have earned their rightful placeVideo and Podcasting Resources Lectures, How-to Videos YouTube, TeacherTube, EduTube, SchoolTube Digital Presentation Tools Support classroom teaching as well as for distance modes Provide engaging ways in creating and delivering assignments/ reports etc.Collaboration and Brainstorming Tools Thought organizing tools Mindmap, Collaborative Tools Wikis, Virtual worlds 43. 10 Internet Technologies for EducatorsBlogs & BloggingBlogosphereBlogger, Wordpress Social Networking ToolsLecture CaptureStudent Response Systems & Poll / Survey toolsEducational Gaming Gamification of educationOpen Educational Resources (OER)Educational Materials, Content and ToolsE-Readers, Tablets Kindle, Nook, Pi, Wink, iPad, Akash 44. Teaching, learning, and researchresources that reside in the publicdomain or have been releasedunder an intellectual propertylicense that permits their free useor re-purposing by othersInclude:Full courses, Course materials,Modules, Textbooks, StreamingVideos, Tests, Software, and anyother tools, materials, or techniquesused to support access to knowledge 45. E-Readers and Tablets 46. E-Readers and Tablets 47. KloudpaD Tablets Rs. 9999/- 48. Akash Tablets Rs. 2999/- or 98/Month 49. 50. 51. 52. Digital Presentation Tools / 53. Bill Gates on EducationPredicts the (end?) of universities with eLearning on theriseFive years from now on the web for free youll be able tofind the best lectures in the worldIt will be better than any single universityEducational institutions are still vital for children, K-12Its just too expensive and too hard to get these upper-level educationsAnd soon place-based college educations will be five timesless important than they are todayCollege needs to be less place-based 54. Technologies to Watch Six key technologies to watch and maps them alongthree adoption horizons, indicating the likely time framefor uptake in the mainstream use for teaching andlearning e-Books continue to generate strong interest in theconsumer sector and are increasingly available oncampuses as well Mobiles enable ubiquitous access to information, socialnetworks, tools for learning and productivity and muchmore. Mobiles are capable computing devices in theirown right and they are increasingly a users firstchoice for internet access 55. Technologies to Watch Augmented Reality brings a significant potential tosupplement information delivered via computers, mobiledevices, video, and even the printed book Game-based Learning has grown in recent years asresearch continues to demonstrate its effectiveness forlearning for students of all ages Gesture-based computing moves the control ofcomputers from a mouse and keyboard to the motions ofthe body via new input devices Learning analytics loosely joins a variety of data-gathering tools and analytic techniques to study studentengagement, performance, and progress in practice,with the goal of using what is learned to revise curricula,teaching, and assessment in real time 56. I read, I forgetI discuss, I rememberI do, I inculcate 57. We are guilty of many errors and many faults, butour worst crime is abandoning the children,neglecting the foundation of lifeMany of the things we need, can waitThe children cannotRight now is the time his bones are being formed, hisblood is being made and his senses are beingdeveloped to him we cannot answer TomorrowHis name is TodayGabriela Mistral, 1948 58. ConclusionDigital literacy enables educators to contribute toenhancing learners potential for participation indigital mediaEnhances young peoples ability to use digital mediain ways that strengthen their skills, knowledge andunderstanding as learnersHeighten their capacities for social, cultural, civic andeconomic participation in everyday life 59. It is not the strongest of the species that survives,nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the onethat is the most adaptable one to change - Charles Darwin 60. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those whocannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn - Alvin Toffler, in Rethinking the Future