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UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DE AMBATO Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y de la Educación Carrera de Idiomas Name: Gabriela Villamarín Semester: 8th „A“ Advanced English IV Lcda. Ruth Infante VOCABULARY CARDS

Element 1 vocabulary cards

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This presentation contains several vocabulary terms analized during the Module Advanced English IV.

Text of Element 1 vocabulary cards

  • 1. UNIVERSIDAD TCNICA DE AMBATO Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y de la Educacin Carrera de Idiomas Name: Gabriela Villamarn Semester: 8th A Advanced English IV Lcda. Ruth Infante VOCABULARY CARDS

2. Card 1 APPALLED (Verb) Definition: to make someone have strong feelings of shock or of disapproval Example Qs tags: Oh , my god! It was an appalling horror movie, mainly because of the special effects, wasnt it? 3. Card 2 BLAST - OFF (Noun) Definition: the moment when a spacecraft leaves the ground Example Past All were excited when they started the five seconds blast-off. 4. Card 3 BLUISH (Adjective) Definition: slightly blue Example Infinitive: I love his bluish-grey eyes since the first time I saw them. 5. Card 4 BORE (Verb) Definition: 1. To make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill 2. To form (a tunnel, for example) by drilling, digging, or burrowing. Example Past tense: They bored a hole in the ground to search for minerals. 6. Card 5 CRAMP (Noun) Definition: 1. a sudden painful tightening in a muscle, often after a lot of exercise, that limits movement 2. pains in the lower stomach caused by a womans period Example PAST: I have got a terrible cramp in my foot in classes. 7. Card 6 CUMULUS (Noun) Definition: a type of tall, white cloud with a wide, flat base and rounded shape. Example LIKE: I saw in the sky white cumulus clouds like friendly piles of ice. 8. Card 7 CUT ACROSS (Phrasal verb) Definition: to go straight from one side of an area to another instead of going around Example Conditionals: If we cut across the field to the train station, we will save time. 9. Card 8 CUT BACK (ON) (Phrasal verb) Definition: to do less of something or use something in smaller amounts. Example Future WILL: I will try to cut down on eating candies and chocolates all the time. 10. Card 9 CUT IN (Phrasal verb) Definition: to interrupt what someone is saying by saying something yourself Example Past.: I was talking to my cousin Javier, when Maria cut in on our conversation. 11. Card 10 CUT STH OFF (Phrasal verb) Definition: to remove a part of something to make It smaller or shorter, using a sharp tool such as a knife Example Infinitives: I hate having my hair cut off shorter that I wanted. 12. Card 11 DAM (Noun) Definition: A wall built across a river that stops the rivers flow and collects the water, especially to make a reservoir (= an artificial lake) that provides water for an Area. Example Past tense: The Nile dam is the biggest in Egypt and around the world. 13. Card 12 DISMISSIVE (Adjective) Definition: Showing that you do not think something is worth considering Example Past tense: Marios positive attitude is as dismissive as Fernandos attitude. 14. Card 13 DUTY (Noun) Definition: Something that you have to do because it is part of your job, or something that you feel is the right thing to do. Example Reported questions: She asked me, what time are you on duty tomorrow? 15. Card 14 ENCLOSED (Adjective) Definition: surrounded by walls, objects, or structures Example Tag Qs: Mario is afraid of enclosed spaces, isnt he? 16. Card 15 FAKE (Noun) Definition: 1. an object that is made to look real or valuable in order to deceive people 2. someone who is not what or who they say they are Example As: As a damage watch that painting is a fake. 17. Card 16 GLOW (Verb) Definition: 1. to produce a continouslight and sometimes heat 2. to look attractive because you are happy or healthy, especially with eyes that shine Example Reported question: Christian asked Why does this substance glows in the dark? 18. Card 17 GRAZE (Verb) Definition: 1. to break the surface of the skin by rubbing against something rough 2. If an object grazes something, it touches its surface lightly when it passes it. Example IF - CLAUSES: If he hadnt run, he wouldnt have fell down and gazed his knee. 19. Card 18 GRIND (Verb) Definition: to make something into small pieces or a powder by pressing between hard surfaces Example Used to: My grandfather used to grind the grain into flour by using two large stones. 20. Card 19 GUTTER (Noun) Definition: the edge of a road where the rain flows away Example Modals MIGHT The gutter might get stuck by this rain. 21. Card 20 HOOLIGAN (Noun) Definition: a violent person who fights or causes damage in public places Example Like: Nowadays children, like criminals, sprayed a new car all with red color.. 22. Card 21 HULL (Noun) Definition: the body or frame of a ship, most of which goes under the water. Example Passive: The hull has been broken during the second world war. 23. Card 22 IMPROMPTU (Adjective) Definition: done or said without earlier planning or preparation Example Future They will never find out that it was an impromptu party. WILL 24. Card 23 IVY (Noun) Definition: an evergreen plant (one that never loses its leaves) that often grows up trees or buildings Example Modals: To cover those fences they might use the plant Ivy. MIGHT 25. Card 24 JIGGLE (Verb) Definition: to move from side to side or up and down with quick short movements, or to make something do this Example Conditionals: If the door wont open, try jiggling the key in the lock. 26. Card 25 LIMB (Noun) Definition: 1. An arm or leg of a person or animal, or a large branch of a tree Example PRESENT: The accident victims almost always have injuries to their lower limbs 27. Card 26 LOOKOUT (Noun) Definition: 1. a person who watches for danger 2. a high place where a person can look at what is happening in the area around them, specially in order to watch for any danger Example AS: The new guardian is always outside to act as a good lookout. 28. Card 27 LUMPS (Verb) Definition: 1. a piece of solid substance, usually with no particular shape. (noun) 2. t put together in a single group without discrimination (verb) Example Would: The Teacher would lump the shy Mateo into the Students in order to avoid desolation. 29. Card 28 MEDDLE (Verb) Definition: To try to change or have an influence on thigs that are not your responsibility, especially by criticizing in damaging or annoying way. Example Should: People should not meddle in other peoples affairs or problems. 30. Card 29 MIXTURE (Noun) Definition: a substance made from a combination of different substances, or any combination of different things Example PRESENT: Norah Jones latest CD is a mixture of new and old songs. 31. Card 30 ON DUTY (Verb) Definition: to work and be responsible for dealing with things that happen at work Example Future: Tomorrows shift will go on duty at 1o pm. 32. Card 31 OVERWHELM (Verb) Definition: to defeat someone or something by using a lot of force Example Comparisons: Government are more and more overwhelming the rebels of the capital: 33. Card 32 PANE (Noun) Definition: A flat piece of glass, used in a window or door. Example Future: I will buy a window pane for my bed room. WILL 34. Card 33 PAW (Noun) Definition: 1. the fact of an animal that has claws or nails such as a cat, dog or bear. 2. a human hand Example Infinitive: My cat Tambor hates to have his paws cut. 35. Card 34 PLAIN (Adjective) Definition: not decorated in any way; with nothing added Example Reported speech: Maria said that my bedroom is a plain. 36. Card 35 RAGING (Adjective) Definition: 1. very severe or extreme 2. very strong or violent Example Reported questions: I was wondering Why he has that raging temper? 37. Card 36 SAFEWAY (Verb) Definition: 1. to not continue with a system or pplan 2. to get rid of smth that is no longer useful or wanted Example Comparisons: It is more certain that they scrap the tax than raise the money. 38. Card 37 SCRAPS (Verb) Definition: 1. to not continue with a system or pplan 2. to get rid of smth that is no longer useful or wanted Example Comparisons: It is more certain that they scrap the tax than raise the money. 39. Card 38 SCREWS (Noun) Definition: a thin, pointed piece of metal with a raised edge twisting round along its length and a flat top with a cut in it, used to join things together, especially pieces of wood Example As : As a Carpenter, it is essential to have screws of all length and sides. 40. Card 39 SHALLOW (Adjective) Definition: having only a short distance from the top to the bottom Example As : She told her children that they should stay in the shallow end of the beach. 41. Card 40 SLANTING (Adjective) Definition: sloping in one direction Example IF - CLAUSE: If it has and uses slanting roofs, the snow wont settle on it. 42. Card 41 SPRAIN (Verb) Definition: to cause an injury to a joint (=a place where two bones are connected) by a sudden movement. Example REPORTED SPEECH: Maria told me that Sabrina has sprained her ankle playing squash. 43. Card 42 SQUAWK (Verb) Definition: 1. to make an unpleasantly loud, sharp cry. 2. to complain about smth noisily Example Past: Why do those birds make that squawk? 44. Card 43 STEADY (Adjective) Definition: Happening in a smooth, gradual, and regular way, not suddenly or unexpectedly Example Future WILL: However those years of study and the steady years coming, they will be have a good ending. 45. Card 2 44 TRIMMED (Adjective) Definition: If clothes and other things made of cloth are trimmed, they are decorated, especially around the edges Example Passive: A black suit trimmed with white was wear by Aurora. 46. Card 45 TUFT (Noun) Definition: a number of short pieces of hair, grass, etc., that grows closely together or are held together near the base Example Passive: That few tufts of hair on his chin was cut down by a hairdresser. 47. Card 46 UNCROWNED (Adjective) Definition: a man or woman who is considered to be the best, the most famous, or the most powerful in a particular area of life, especially when they do not have an official rank or title Example WILL: After Michael Jackson, no one will ever be the uncrowned king of pop. 48. Card 47 VERDICT (Noun) Definition: an opinion or decision made after judging the facts that are given, especially one made at the end of a trial Example Reported speech: They told us that the jury reached a verdict of guilty. 49. Card 48 WACKY (Adjective) Definition: Unusual in a pleasing and exciting or silly way Example Used to: He used to join the wacky world of the circus for 10 years. 50. Card 49 WAGE (Verb) Definition: To fight a war or organize a series of activities in order to achieve something Example Present Perfect continuous: They have been waging a long campaign to change the law against bulling 51. Card 50 WASP (Noun) Definition: a black and yellow flying insect that can sting (=produce a small, painful skin injury) Example Past: He saw a wasps nest in that old tree, which was empty. 52. Bibliography http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/brit ish/trimmed?q=trimmed