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1. 1 PROJECT 1 PART A: REPORT BY: Zoe Low Li Mien STUDENT ID: 0319444 TUTOR: Ms Renee Contents: 1. My Research: The Town 3 1.1 What is a town? 1.2 Brief History of a town 1.3 What makes a town? 1.4 What makes a good town? 1.5 How a town is built? 2. Ancient Town Case Study: Carthage, Tunisia 5 2.1 Brief History: 2.2 What makes it a town? 2.3 Conclusion about this town 2.4 What elements can I use for my new future town? 3. Present Town Case Study: Stratford Upon Avon, England 6 3.1 Brief History: 3.2 What makes it a town? 3.3 Conclusion about this town 3.4 What elements can I use for my new future town? 2. 2 4. Future Town Case Study: Seaside, Florida 8 4.1 Brief History: 4.2 What makes it a town? 4.3 Conclusion about this town 4.4 What elements can I use for my new future town? 5. My Town 9 5.1 Setting of my town 5.2 Why I named it Fishville? 5.3 Elements I learned from my case studies: 5.4 What kind of town will I focus on? 5.5 What resort town should usually have? 5.6 What am I aiming for? 5.7 Zoning of my town 5.8 Transportation of my town: 5.9 Plan Massing of my town: 6. References 17 3. 3 My Research: The Town 1.1 What is a town?: A town is an area consist of a combination of housing and other facilities. It is also a community, smaller than a city, bigger than a neighbourhood. And it is where people live, do their activities and work. 1.2 Brief History of a town: Every town is created in many different ways based on their history no matter what kind of place they come from. Mostly, a town is created due to an impact affected on a community. However, below this paragraph shows a basic way of how a town is created. A town is created through a hierarchy of a built environment. It all starts from a room to a house to a neighbourhood then it creates a town. The reason for this is the population in the area is increasing which people need more resources. It is created as a neighbourhood surrounded with facilities ( like: shops, schools, clinics and etc) Some towns grow organically, as more and more people gather, it forms a town. But some towns are planned from day 1 (beginning), slot the new into the old. 1.3 What makes a town? A town must provide social and economic benefits to the locals. It should be a place where it has commercial activities for people to work on. The place should have shops around the markets. It consists of main roads and other smaller roads connected to the main street. It must have important public buildings around the town centre such as police station, town halls, government buildings. It has residential houses, farmlands, a main road that cut across the town centre, radiating from the town centre. A town should also consist of a town centre and a town or market square. In a shopping perspective, there will be too many shops built around, a town centre is 4. 4 built as a small piece of land. Its built to give comfort for shoppers by giving them a safe space for them to move on. 1.4 What makes a good town? To make a good town, it must be an excellent place for people to live. It is where people can live, work and travel comfortably there. People can be able to have their own privacy in their homes and use the towns transportation. A town must be accessible for people to live in. People from overseas, other regions, urban and local places can able to enter this area. They must also be able to know the distance, time and safety of this town in order to get there. The area should have a good appearance. For example, once they visit the town, they will smell, hear and see the area around. When people enter this area, the environment should be suitable for them to experience it especially through their senses. They must be comfortable with the environment. The town must have space standards. It must have certain spaces that can be fit and used for other specific purposes. Purposes such as housing for people to live in, education like schools or universities, shops, clubs and etc People should be able to use those spaces to their own social benefits. The place needs to have topography that is effective. People can be able to use certain types of topography especially the areas soil to their benefits for environmental, economic and social uses. The topography should have specific types of sizes and shapes that can be useable. For instance, people can use the soil for economic benefits like creating farmlands or use hills for creating beautiful sceneries. Also for the environment, the area must have certain types of topography that can prevent the town from being flooded. As for social uses, an example would be a steep land where people can use it a soccer field to play sports. The town should have incompatible uses that should be separated. Naturally, a town usually have spaces where people can make noises or cause pollutions in area. These parts must be separated in order to maintain the areas environment such as like placing pubs on other locations rather than near residential areas. It must be a place where it can create an economy. People can able to work and earn money there through jobs. 5. 5 1.5 How a town is built? A town can be built in two different ways. It can be built naturally or can be created by using town planning methods. Based on the hierarchy of a built environment, an area can be turned into a town when it becomes popular. By gaining attention, more people will come and stay there, which more resources will be built there. Town planning is a decision of what a town should look like before it is built. A planned or modern town is planned by government authorities, town planner or engaged developer. Authorities control development of town, they are also in charge of making it sustainable and liberal. Besides higher authorities, town councils approve towns. For an empty land, the town council would evaluate the design that is designed by the town planner and decide whether it is for the greater good for the people. They comment on form and type of development. 2. Ancient Town Case Study: Carthage, Tunisia 2.1 Brief History: Carthage known as Carthago is located at the African north coast. It is one of the most famous historic towns of the Roman Empire. It was founded by the Phoenicians at 9th Century B.C. at the Gulf of Tunis. It was built during the 6th century, which it grew into a trading empire. The civilisation cover most of the Mediterranean which it occupied the Roman territories. Carthage was a town of mixed different cultures such as Phoenico-Punic, Roman, Paleochristian and Arab. This was due to the fact that it became a famous trading port as its known for building for strong ships. As centuries pass by, it started to 6. 6 build more components such as the Punic ports, amphitheatre, circus, residential areas, basilicas, Antonin baths and an acropolis of Byrsa. As for now, the remains of this town are still preserved and under protection. 2.2 What makes it a town? Carthage has known to be a famous town as its known for its Roman design. Its structural architecture and town planning was influenced from the Romans, making Carthage was one of the well known Roman towns. It helps the town to create a testimony of the Punic history, representing the towns culture Besides, having it cultural impact, it is also known to have a large number of residential and commercial areas. This builts up the place which increase its development as more people will come and stay there even working there as well. It also have a big port where ships are built, as well as the best place for trading ships to stop by. This builds up the towns economy by becoming a trading centre of the Mediterranean sea. 2.3 Conclusion about this town Carthage develops rapidly through its environment. Since the town became a famous port for overseas ships to stop by, it helps the area to build up its economy. Not only through this main factor, but due to its historical background, Carthage has built up its cultural environment. This attracts people to come by and rest. 2.4 What elements can I use for my new future town? From learning this case study, I will make a marina for my town to create more transportation through boats. People living in my town can also make money by trading fish using fishing boats at the marina. 3. Present Town Case Study: Stratford-upon- Avon, England 7. 7 3.1 Brief History It all started back at 1196, there was a Bishop of Worcester named John de Coutances who decided to build a town. He started to build it by creating a town plan on a grid system and made a few businesses. While doing this, he became the first landlord of the new town, naming it Stratford upon Avon based on the Roman road and the river Avon. Later on, the town became a market town as it held a weekly market as ordered by King Richard I and it attracted a lot of merchants to come and trade. Not only that, the town also became a good place for industrial purposes as a lot of different types of craftsmen (bakers, brewers, blacksmiths, carpenters and etc.) work there. As centuries pass by, the town become more developedas its population increases, creating more educational and religious communities. Not only that, it has also started to form its own governance Until the 19th Century, a lot of major improvements have occurred upon the town. A canal was opened in 1816 along with a railway at 1859. This made it easier for tourists to come and visit the town. Now it became a cultural town to visit due to the fact that it is the home of a famous writer, William Shakespeare. As always, it still retains as a market town which markets are held there every week like its tradition. 3.2 What makes it a town? Stratford upon Avon has a town centre along with a town hall, main streets and government buildings. It consist of a community. It has many facilities including shops, tourist attractions. It has a lot of industrial areas due to the fact that its trade centre and merchants always come there t