Enbe report

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  1. 1. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 1 Better Cities of the Future ELYSIUM Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 FNBE FEB 2014 Taylors University
  2. 2. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 2 Content: 1. Introduction 3 2. A City: Investigation on Better City Guidelines and Issues 4-6 3. Investigation & Data Collection: Ancient and old cities 7-10 4. Investigation & Data Collection: The present city 11-14 5. Investigation & Data Collection: The future city/cities 15-18 6. The New X City / Or the new name 19-24 7. The Conclusion 25 8. References List 26
  3. 3. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 3 1.0. Introduction For our final ENBE (Elements of Natural and Built Environment) project, we students will have to pretend that we are the mayor of the X city and propose a new layout for the new X City as the people there require a new city because of reasons that it is no longer livable. This final project is divided into two parts, where the first part (Part A) is an individual component where we have to make a short video and a detailed report regarding our city based on certain given guidelines; whereas the second part, being Part B, is a group component where we have to make a model of the selected city within our group on a maximum of three A2 board. The idea of this project is for students to understand the components and elements of a city and what makes a better future city.
  4. 4. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 4 2.0. The City 2.1. The City Definition By definition, City (noun, Pronunciation: /sit/) is a large town. It is a center of population, commerce and culture; a town of significant size and importance. 2.2. Brief History of Cities Cities have had a long history and played an important role throughout the whole as they act as central places of trades for the benefits of the citizens living in close proximity to others which facilitates interaction of all kinds. Accordingly, cities first appeared in the Neolithic era when the crops and food sources yield large enough to sustain a permanent and growing population due to the development of the agricultural technology. Cities turn up increasingly after the middle ages under the political control of centralized government and served the interests of nation-state. However, it was only during the Industrial Revolution and the rise of automobile that massive population and urbanization started to advance. 2.3. What Makes a City Cities are broken up into precincts and each of them contains its own councilmen who decide the budget and assign people for many other positions that are elected in a town government. Cities tend to have a denser population compared to their surrounding areas. Currently, over half of the worlds population resides in cities. Cities provide various services to their citizens, typically food distribution, transportation, utilities, sanitations and road systems. However, the population in the city does not grow its own food but rely on other sources instead. Also, citizens are required to pay taxes, often for the construction and maintenance of public buildings and spaces. Oftentimes, the creation and production of arts, literature and sciences are centralized within cities.
  5. 5. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 5 2.4. What Makes a Good City There are more to a city than just the amount of its buildings; a good city should be a sustainable and have a solid and stable politic, social and economy to ensure that the future generation can live in a comfortable and safe environment. And hence, a good city should include the following: A secure water and electric supply Open public spaces or rest area where people can hang out and congregate Accessible and efficient public transportation network on every level Affordable housing Affordable medical and social services for all its citizens A built in arts and culture environment Wide range of education and business opportunities Promote walkability by providing large footpaths along its roads Mixed used neighborhood Low-carbon urban transportation to reduce air pollution Pro-active planning and management of the government A community spirit
  6. 6. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 6 2.5. Future City Over the next decade, cities will evidently grow larger and more rapidly as technologies will adapt in various ways to meet local needs. As such, there are much to look forward into the future cities as the use of smart technologies that can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of urban system will be assimilated into our future cities, such as: I. Smart Mobility Moving and travelling within the smart city combines car sharing, carpooling, and shared vehicles with the interconnectedness of transportation and other infrastructures. Mobility-on- demand and fleet-management-tools can fill the gaps in public transit. Many opportunities can arise from Smart Mobility to improve the daily commute of workers as well as the needs for citizens to move around the city. Smart Mobility includes: Intelligent Transport System The transport system will be interconnected which allows for different public transports to be coordinated and to provide information in real time. Smart Parking There will be systems of which they will alert the drivers when there is a parking slot available. Finding a parking slot will no longer be a hassle and the air pollution will be reduced as drivers do not have to go around the car parks looking for a parking slot. Traffic Management Monitoring road systems will inform drivers the best route to use at any given time. II. Smart Transaction Mobile Money and Mobile Payments technologies are very efficient and convenient in both B2C (Business-to-Consumer) and B2B (Business to Business) sectors. One of the smart transaction that is hoped to be seen in the future is the Digital-Signage. Via the Digital-Signage, urban ads will be tailored to each citizen and advertising will provide services. Whereas now we see many concert posters around the city, in the future the customer will have the chance to actually buy the ticket via the billboard. III. Smart Buildings Media facades and interactive landmarks convey situated information through their exterior skin. Reactive architecture and buildings respond to the environment and people flows. They can mimic biologic structures for sustainability, energy saving and innovative human habitats purposes. IV. Smart Sociality Cities are social platforms and physical locations that contribute to the organizing logic of social interactions. Location-aware mobile technologies strengthen the feelings of connection to our surrounding space and nearby people, allowing us to connect information to places and communicate with others.
  7. 7. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 7 Investigation & Data Collection: Ancient Cities Athens
  8. 8. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Individual Report Ong Jia Hui | 0317752 | Group D | FNBE 022014 | Taylors University 8 3.0. Ancient City 3.1. History The city of Athens, Greece is one of the worlds oldest cities with a history spanning approximately 3,400 years. According to Greek mythology, the city was named after the goddess Athena after she won a competition with Poseidon over who would become the protector of the city. The citys location (in the fertile plains of Attika between the Parnitha, Penteli, and Hymettos mountains), proximity to the Saronic Gulf, and its mild climate were probably the main reasons why the founders of the city chose to live there. Under the rule of Pericles during the 5th century BC was one of the most glorious periods in Athenian history and laid the foundations of western civilization. It was during this Golden Age that the Parthenon was built, and the fields of art, philosophy, and drama developed significantly. The Peloponnesian wars between the Athenians and Sparta brought an end to the Golden Age, but Athens continued to be an important cultural and intellectual center for centuries to come. Athens remained a center for learning and philosophy during its 500 years of Roman rule. The conversion of the empire to Christianity ended the citys role as the center of pagan learning and the schools of philosophy were closed in AD 529 marking the end of the ancient history of Athens. After the Greek Revolution of 1821, Greece was established as a modern independent Greek state in 1830 by the Treaty of London and Athens was made the capital. Athens was chosen as the capital of Greece for historical and sentimental reasons. Once the capital was established, a modern city plan was laid out and many public buildings were erected. After WWII, Athens began to grow as people migrated into the city looking for work. Greece joined the European Union in 1981 which brought in many new investments to Athens, but also increased social and environmental problems. At the time, Athens had some of the worst traffic congestion and air pollution in the world which posed a great threat to the ancient monuments. Traffic vibrations weakened the foundations and the air pollution corroded the marble. Because of the environmental and infrastructure problems, the city failed to secure the 1996 centenary Olympic Games even though it was the host of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896. Since the failed attempt to secure the 1996 Olympics, the city and the Greek government,