GRAMMAR - VERB TENSES - PERFECT TENSES - ANSWERS

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Language Tutorials English Grammar Perfect Verb Tenses - Answers

Text of GRAMMAR - VERB TENSES - PERFECT TENSES - ANSWERS

  • 1. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 1 | P a g e PERFECT TENSES ANSWERS PAST PERFECT Fill in these blanks using the verbs to form a past perfect tense: 1. (To eat) Louise wasnt hungry because she had eaten a big lunch earlier. 2. (To meet) I did not know who she was because I had not met her before. 3. (To rob) The police cars drove at speed with their lights on and their sirens blaring because someone had robbed the local bank. 4. (To break) Robert missed several appointments because he had broken his leg in a skiing accident. 5. (To see) Laura did not want to go to the cinema, because she had seen the film before. 6. (To know) We were good friends: we had known them for many years. 7. (To live) John knew the area very well as he had lived there from childhood. 8. (To drive)

2. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 2 | P a g e The truck driver knew every city along the motorway because he had driven the route for 25 years. What are the Past Perfect Tenses of these verbs? To fly Flown To wave Waved To sing Sung To smile Smiled To choose Chosen To arrive Arrived To drop Dropped To speak Spoken To grow Grown To climb Climbed Use the verb lists to practise the Past Perfect Tense. 3. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 3 | P a g e PRESENT PERFECT What are the correct auxiliary (helping) verbs in these examples? I have always looked over the hedge. You have broken the handle off. Cheryl has cut my hair for over 30 years. Some of us have lost money on the stock market. None of you have learnt the information. They have not taken (to take) the money What are the correct tenses for the verbs listed in these examples? I have played a lot of football. (Perfect Present) I played a lot of football last year. (Simple Past) You have shot all the clay pigeons. (Perfect Present) You shot all the clay pigeons in fifteen minutes. (Simple Past) The dog had run faster than ever. (Perfect Present) The dog ran at 45kph. (Simple Past) Neither of us had bought the wine, we had to apologise to our guests. (Perfect Present) Neither of us bought this wine, it was a gift. (Simple Past) Some of you have been seen in this area before. (Perfect Present) Some of you were seen in this area last night. (Simple Past) The policemen had arrested the robber before. (Perfect Present) 4. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 4 | P a g e The policemen arrested the robber last month. (Simple Past) What are the past participles of these irregular verbs? To: Arise Arisen Bet Bet Blow Blown Burn Burned/Burnt Catch Caught Come Came Do Done Dream Dreamed/Dreamt Eat Eaten Feed Fed Fling Flung Go Gone Grow Grown Hide Hidden Hold Held Kneel Knelt Know Known Lead Led Leave Left Make Made Mistake Mistaken Pay Paid Ride Ridden Ring Rung Send Sent Sing Sung Spin Spun String Strung Teach Taught Throw Thrown Undo Undone Wake Woken Write Written Create sentences using some of the verbs in the list above. Have the customers arrived (to arrive) yet? No, they havent. Has the Doctor seen (to see) Mrs Feldman today? Yes, he has. Ive forgotten (to forget), have I read (to read) this book before? Yes, you have. Have either of you got (to get) the keys? Yes, we both have (to have) ours. 5. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 5 | P a g e Have we made (to make) enough money this week? No, we havent. Have you put (to put) the cat out? Yes, I have. Fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense: How many books has the author written (to write)? Where is the furthest you have travelled (to travel)? Have you all been (to be waiting) here long? What have they done (to do) now? When has he had (to have) the time to complete his studies? Which way have they come (to come) this evening? How many times have I told (to tell) you not to do that? 6. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 6 | P a g e FUTURE PERFECT What are the past participles of these irregular verbs? To: Bear Borne Become Became Break Broken Buy Bought Choose Chosen Cling Clung Deal Dealt Draw Drawn Fall Fallen Feel Felt Fight Fought Get Got Grind Ground Hear Heard Hurt Hurt Keep Kept Lay Laid Lean Leaned/Leant Light Lit Meet Met Mow Mown Put Put Read Read Rise Risen Shake Shaken Sink Sunk Speak Spoken Seal Sealed Tear Torn Tread Trodden Understand Understood Wear Worn Wind Wound Create sentences using some of the verbs in the list above. Fill in the blanks with the Future Perfect tense of the verbs: By the time I reach Newcastle I will have driven (to drive) for seven hours. You will have been (to be) working all night. Judy will have slept (to sleep) all through the day. We will have lost (to lose) all our money on this deal. Some of you will have paid (to pay) for unnecessary insurance. None of these animals will have hunted (to hunt) in the wild. 7. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 7 | P a g e WHILE YOU WERE AWAY While you were away, I went to visit my cousin Christine and her husband Ray. They have lived in Lincoln for many years, but I had never visited them there before. They took me to see places they had visited many times before. We had planned to visit the castle... ...but it had been closed for safety, because building work had begun. 8. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 8 | P a g e So we had to visit the Cathedral instead... ...although some building work had started there as well. Lincoln Cathedral had once been the tallest building in the world... ...but the main spire was demolished after it had been damaged in an earthquake and the other two had to be demolished because of the danger they had posed. 9. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 9 | P a g e In recent years restoration work had begun. When completed, it will have cost millions of pounds to clean the stonework, but it will be money well spent. There was no architect for the Cathedral. Instead the masons had drawn each stage as they had finished the previous one. They had trusted Gods will to guide them. To support the weight of the roof, the masons had to build flying buttresses to reinforce the walls... 10. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 10 | P a g e This has accidentally produced a big open interior... ...and soaring arches. At the time of its construction no one had seen such an enormous building. The vaulted ceilings can be seen from below, or you can take a tour to see from above how they have been built. This reveals how the builders have constructed the vaulting... 11. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 11 | P a g e ...and the massive timbers that spread the loads to the walls fifteen metres apart. The high ceilings and wide nave have allowed a lot of light into the building... ...through stained-glass windows... 12. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 12 | P a g e ...which have cast magical patterns across the floor to astonish generations of visitors. Can you identify the tenses of the verbs used here? You were away (to be away) Past Simple I went to visit (to go to visit) Past Simple They have lived (to live) Past Perfect I had never visited (to visit) Past Perfect They took me to see (to take someone to see) Past Simple + Infinitive They had visited (to visit) Past Perfect We had planned to visit (to plan to visit) Past Perfect + Infinitive It had been closed (to be closed) Past Perfect Work had begun (to begin) Past Perfect We had to visit (to have to visit) Past Simple + Infinitive Work had started (to start) Past Perfect Lincoln Cathedral had once been (to be) Past Perfect 13. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 13 | P a g e Spire was demolished (to be demolished) Past Simple It had been damaged (to be damaged) Past Perfect The other two had to be demolished (to be demolished) Past Perfect Work had begun (to begin) Past Perfect It will have cost (to have cost) Future Perfect It will be (to be) Future Perfect Masons had drawn (to draw) Past Perfect As they had finished (to finish) Past Perfect They had trusted (to trust) Past Perfect The masons had to build (to have to build) Past Simple + Infinitive To reinforce (to reinforce) Infinitive This has accidentally produced (to produce) Present Perfect No one had seen (to see) Past Perfect The vaulted ceilings can be seen (to be seen) Present Simple You can take (to take) Present Simple They have been built (to be built) Present Perfect The builders have constructed (to construct) Present Perfect The massive timbers that spread (to spread) Present Simple The high ceilings and wide nave have allowed (to allow) Present Perfect Which have cast (to cast) Present Perfect To astonish (to astonish) Infinitive 14. GRAMMAR - VERBS - PERFECT TENSES EXERCISES ANSWERS 010 14 | P a g e Try to ask questions about this, using the tenses we have studied. Write a similar story about your holiday SCG Language Tutorials 2014 www.scglanguagetutorials.com