History of Cremation - Infographic

  • View
    186

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Simple said, cremation is the practice of reducing a corpse to its essential elements by burning. Read more: http://blog.passare.com/2013/11/22/history-of-cremation-infographic/ | Passare.com Blog

Transcript

  • 1.THE HISTORY OF CREMATION 3000 B.C. STONE AGEAncient cremation probably b egan in a basic s ens e during the early Stone Age and most likely in Europe and the Near East.During the late Stone Age cremation began to spread across northern Europ e, as evidenc e d by particularly informative nds of de c orative pottery urns in western Russia among the Slavic pe oples.2500 TO 1000 B.C. BRONZE AGECremation move d into the British Isles and into what is now S pain and Portugal. Cemeteries for cremation develope d in Hungary and northern Italy, spreading to northern Europe and even Ireland.MYCENAEAN AGE CIRCA 1000 B.C.Cremation be came an integral part of the elaborate Gre cian burial custom.TIME OF HOMER IN 800 B.C.It be came the dominant mo de of disp osition and was enc ourage d for reas ons of health and expe dient burial of slain warriorsin this battle-ravage d c ountry.SOMETIME AROUND 600 B.C.Following this Gre cian trend, the early Romans probably embrac e d cremation.It apparently became s o prevalent that an ofcial decree had to be issue d in the mid5th Century against the cremation of bodies within the city.TIME OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE 27 B.C. TO 395 A.D.zIt was widely practic e d, and cremate d remains were generally store d in elaborateurns, often within c olumbarium-like buildings.Preva lent though the practic e was among the Romans, cremation was rare with the early Christians who c onsidered it pagan, and in the Jewish culture where traditiona l sepulcher entombment was preferred. BY 400 A.D.As a result of Constantine'sChr ist ianizat ion of the Empire, earth burial had c ompletely replace d cremation exc ept for rare instanc es of plague or war. For the next1,500 yearsremaine d the ac c epte d mode of disp osition throughout Europ e.MODERN CREMATION AC TUALLY BEGAN ON LY A LITTLE OVER A CENTURY AG O, AFTER YEARS OF EXPERIMENTATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DEPENDABLE CHAMBER. 1 8 7 3 A . D. Profess or Brunetti of Italy p erfe cte d his mo del and displaye d it at the 1873 Vienna Exp osition; the cremation movement starte d almost simultane ously on b oth sides of the Atlantic.18 7 4 A .D.In the British Isles, the movement was fostere d by Que en Victoria's surge on, Sir Henry Thomps on.1 874 - 18 7 8 A .D.Sir Henry and his c olleagues founde d the Cremation So ciety of England in 1874. The rst crematories in Europ e were built in 1878 in Woking, England and Gotha, G ermany.1 8 7 6 A .D.Dr. Julius LeMoyne built the rst crematory in Washington, Pennsylvania.Other forc es b ehind early crematory op enings were Protestant clergy who desire d to reform burial practic es, and the me dical profession c onc erne d with health c onditions around early c emeteries.Crematories sprang up in Buffalo, New York, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, D etroit and Los Angeles.1 9 0 0 A . D.There were already 20 crematories in op eration.1 9 13 A .D.Dr. Hugo Erichs en founde d the Cremation Ass o ciation of America.There are 52 crematories in North America. Over 10,000 cremations to ok plac e in that year.19 7 5 A .D.The name was change d from Cremation Ass o ciation of America to the Cremation Ass o ciation of North America. There were over 425 crematories and nearly 150,000 cremations.1 9 9 9 A . D.There are 1,468 crematories and 595,617 cremations. 25.39% of all deaths in the Unite d States are cremate d.By 2009Over 2,100 crematories and 900,000 cremationst. 36.84% of deaths in the Unite d States were handle d through cremation. A p erc entage that is exp e cte d to grow to over half of deaths by 2018.TMSources http://science.howstuffworks.com/cremation6.htm http://www.cremationassociation.org/?HistoryOfCremation http://sandiegoboattours.com/home/san-diego-burial-at-sea-overview/cremation-history/Twitter @PassareInc Facebook facebook.com/passareInc Tumblr passareinc.tumblr.com